This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
G EN SET R OO M
C ros s P ipe
B A D M IN T O N H ALL
M a in P ip e
C ha m ber
O ve rflow to M u ncipal S e w er 150 m m D ia B oring To M un cipal S ew er
1. D rain pipe dia a. M ain pip e dia 25 0m m b. C ros s pip e dia 150 m m 2. S pac in g of c ham bers - a verag e 11 m , prov ide d w ith iron grill to p c ove r
3. D ia o f borin g 150 m m 4. D epth o f borin g 32 m 5. R oof to p area - 46 5 s q.m . 6. O pe n area - 78 8 s q. m .
Fig. 4.2 Rain water harvesting at IRICEN hostel 39
40 Fig. 4.3 Details of settlement tank / filter for Rain Water Harvesting .
which is sufficient to retain runoff from at least 15 minutes rainfall of peak intensity. After passing through the filter media. for recharging ground water aquifer. 55. the filtered water enters into the 150mm dia 32m deep borewell. bored specifically for this purpose i. The overflow from settlement tank/filter enters into the municipal sewer through the connection provided.000 and the system was implemented in January 2006.The capacity of filter cum settlement tank is 8400 liters. The total cost of implementation of the project in IRICEN hostel was approximately Rs. 41 .e.
Roof over which water falls. it gets contaminated because of contact with roof surface/ground and some of the impurities get mixed in it. 5. The water collected from roof top after filtration can be used directly for lawn watering.CHAPTER 5 QUALITY OF WATER The rain water is one of purest form of water and does not contain suspended / dissolved impurities. These impurities are required to be removed before collecting the harvested rain water in storage tank or diverting it or recharging of ground water aquifers. The harvested rain water may contain some toxic substances which may affect our health. 2.e. should be stored in storage tank for direct use. 42 .1 for ready reference. The water collected from roof top only. 4. The rain water collected from roof top should pass through suitable type of filter and only then it should be stored in storage tank / used for recharging ground water aquifers. washing etc. The water used for drinking should comply with the provisions of IS-10500:1991 i. However when this water is collected through rain water harvesting. Following precautions should be taken to ensure quality of water: 1. then quality of water must be ascertained before use. 3. The runoff from surface/ground should be preferably be used for recharging ground water aquifers after proper filtration. The important test characteristics for drinking water as given in Table 1 of IS10500:1991 are reproduced in Table 5. But if this water has to be used directly for drinking purpose. Indian Standard “DRINKING WATER – SPECIFICATION (First Revision)”. should be cleaned before rain fall. The suitable type of first flushing device to be installed and initial 10 to 15 minutes of runoff should be diverted.
Hazen units. Substance or Characteristics Requirement (Desirable Limit) 3 1 2 7 Essential Characteristics Above 5. in absence of alternate sources.5 . a) Test cold and when heated b) Test at several dilutions Test to be conducted only after safety has been established iv) 5 v) Turbidity NTU.5 to 8. No. to IS) Remarks S. Max 5 43 — 3025 (Part 5): 1983 — — 3025 (Part 7&8): 1984 10 No relaxation Above 5. consumer acceptance decreases Beyond this range the water will affect the mucous membrane and/or water supply system 3025 (Part 10): 1984 3025 (Part 11): 1984 ii) Odour Unobjectionable — iii) Taste Agreeable Extended to 25 only if toxic substances are not suspected.1 Important test characteristics for drinking water Undesirable Effect Outside the Desirable Limit 4 5 6 Permissible Limit in the Absence of Alternate Source Methods of Test (Ref. Max pH Value 6.Table 5. consumer acceptance decreases 25 3025 (Part-4): 1983 i) Colour.
5mg/l.0 are affected. 23 of 3025: 1964 . Tested at consumer end. Max 0. Max Beyond this limit taste/appearance 1. to IS) Remarks 1 2 3 vi) Total hardness (as CaCO3) mg/l.0 3025 (Part 26): To be applicable only 1986 when water is chlorinated.5 possible.S. No. test. Max 250 3025 (Part 32): 1988 ix) Residual free chlorine. mg/l. and promotes iron bacteria Beyond this limit. Max 1. has adverse effect on domestic uses and water supply structures. When protection against viral infection is required. Substance or Characteristics Requirement (Desirable Limit) 4 5 6 7 Undesirable Effect Outside the Desirable Limit Permissible Limit in the Absence of Alternate Source Methods of Test (Ref.3 44 Fluoride may be kept as low as 1. Min 0. corrosion and palatability are affected — — 1000 32 of 3025: 1964 300 Encrustation in water supply structure and adverse effects on domestic use 600 3025 (Part 21): 1983 vii) Iron (as Fe) mg/l. High fluoride may cause fluorosis viii) Chloride (as Cl) mg/l. it should be Min 0.2 x) Fluoride (as F) mg/l.
05 xv) Sulphate (as SO4) mg/l. to IS) Remarks 1 2 Desirable Characteristics Beyond this palatability decreases and may cause gastro intestinal irritation 200 2000 3025 (Part 16): 1984 3025 (Part 40): 1991 xi) Dissolved solids mg/I. Substance or Characteristics Requirement (Desirable Limit) 3 4 5 6 7 Undesirable Effect Outside the Desirable Limit Permissible Limit in the Absence of Alternate Source Methods of Test (Ref. fitting and utensils will be caused beyond this Beyond this causes gastro intenstinal irritation when magnesium or sodium are present. No. discoloration and corrosion of pipes. Max 30 16.S. Max 200 400 (sec col 7) 3025 (Part 24) May be extended up 1986 400 provided Magnesium (as Mg) does not exceed 30 . 1.5 Encrustation in water supply structure and adverse effects on domestic use xiii) Magnesium (as Mg) mg/l. Max 0.33. Max 500 xii) Calcium (as Ca) mg/I.34 of IS 3025: 1964 36 of 3025: 1964 xiv) Copper (as Cu) mg/I. Max 75 45 Encrustation to water supply 100 structure and adverse effects on domestic use Astringent taste.
To be tested when graphic method pollution is suspected 46 xix) Lead (as Pb) mg/l.03 undesirable taste and odour after chlorination take place 15 No relaxatoin No relaxation No relaxation 45 Beyond this methaemoglobinemia takes place No relaxation 3025 (Part 34): 1988 (See Note 1) To be tested when pollution is suspected xvii) Cadmium (as Cd) mg/l. Max Beyond this.05 xx) Zinc (as Zn) mg/l. Max 0. No. Substance or Characteristics Requirement (Desirable Limit) 3 4 5 6 7 Undesirable Effect Outside the Desirable Limit Permissible Limit in the Absence of Alternate Source Methods of Test (Ref. the water becomes toxic Beyond this limit it can cause astringent taste and an opalescence in water Beyond this limit 0.S.01 3025:(Part 37): To be tested when 1988 pollution is suspected (see Note 1) 39 of 3925: 1964 To be tested when pollution is suspected To be tested when pollution is suspected Gas chromato. the water becomes toxic Beyond this.01 Note-1: Atomic absorption spectrophotometric method may be used . Max 0. Max 5 xxi) Mineral oil mg/l. the water becomes toxic Beyond this limit.01 xviii) Arsenic (as As) mg/I. to IS) Remarks 1 2 xvi) Nitrate (as NO2) mg/l. Max 0. Max 0.
which are easily available in the market can be used for disinfection of water. (a) Filtration of water should be done using suitable type of filter. One tablet of 0. 47 .To test the quality of water. For treatment of water. (b) Chemical disinfection can be done by chlorination. water is not potable.5gm is enough to disinfect 20 litres of water. Approx. Boiling water for 10 to 20 minutes is enough to remove all biological contaminants. which is a mixture of chlorine and lime. Chlorination can kill all types of bacteria and make water safe for drinking purposes. 1 gm of bleaching powder is sufficient to treat 200 liters of water otherwise chlorine tablets. the quality of water can also be checked with the help of testing kits by the users themselves. Chlorination is done with stabilized bleaching powder. The details of various type of filter are given in chapter 2. (c) Boiling water is one of the effective method of purification. In case. the water samples can be collected and testing can be done in testing laboratories But as a routine. the following measures can be taken at household level. treatment of water may be necessary to make it fit for human consumption.
May 2004 4. Roorkee published in CE&CR . Indian Standard “ Drinking Water Specifications” IS 10500 : 1991 6. Indian Railway Works Manual 2000 7.References 1. www. Kaushal Kishore . Texas Guide on rain water harvesting 2.rainwaterharvesting.aboutrainwaterharvesting. “A Water Harvesting Manual for urban areas” issued by Centre For Science and Environment 3. Indian Standard Guidelines for Rain Water Harvesting in hilly areas by roof water collection system” IS 14961:2001 5. Materials Engineer. www.org 8. Paper on “Rain Water Harvesting” written by Sri.com 48 .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.