You are on page 1of 3

Compound Sentences

Compound: A thing that is composed of two or more separate elements.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Here are the key things to remember: 1. Compound sentences are made up of two simple sentences which are blended together. 2. There are three types of compound sentences. 3. This is way less complicated than you may think.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1. Compound sentences that utilize a comma and a conjunction. You know what a comma is, and as a reminder, conjunctions are FANBOYS (For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet, So). Lets see how this works. Peter drove to visit his friend. They went out for dinner. Peter drove to visit his friend, and they went out for dinner. Henry studied very hard for the test. He passed with high marks. Henry studied very hard for the test, so he passed with high marks.

Try it with the following sentence pairs, and then write two of your own. Mary thinks she should go to school. She wants to get qualifications for a new profession.

Alan invested a lot of money in the business. The business went bankrupt.

Doug didn't understand the homework assignment. He asked the teacher for help.

The students didn't prepare for the test. They didn't realize how important the test was.

2. Compound sentences that utilize a semicolon. Whats a semicolon anyway? It is punctuation mark used to connect sentences, and it shows a closer relationship between those two sentences than a period does. Basically, it is sort of inbetween a comma and a period. Thus, it looks like a period and a comma put together (;). You must make sure that the two sentences you are connecting BOTH have a subject and a verb. There are those who are not huge fans of semicolons... but, you should still learn how to use them correctly because some teachers and professors want you to, and it can give variation to your writing. The honest fact is that unlike many of the other punctuation marks, there is no occasion on which the semicolon cannot be replaced by another form of punctuation or sentence construction, and its use is gradually declining as our language evolves. Dont fall into this trap that a lot of writers your age fall into: Hm, since I know how to use semicolons now, Im going to use them 800 times in this essay and then my teacher will think Im a great writer. Dont. Do. That. Use them, but not constantly! Please. Lets see how this type of compound sentence works. I have painted the house. I still need to sand the floors. I have painted the house; I still need to sand the floors. It rained heavily during the afternoon. We managed to have our picnic anyway It rained heavily during the afternoon; we managed to have our picnic anyway.

Try it with the following sentence pairs, and then write two of your own. Susan thinks she should stay home and relax. She also thinks she should go on vacation.

The doctors looked at the x-rays. They decided to operate on the patient.

We went out on the town. We came home late.

Jack flew to London to visit his Uncle. He also wanted to visit the National Museum.

3. Compound sentences that utilize a semicolon and a conjunctive adverb with a comma. If you want to use a semicolon to connect two sentences, sometimes the relationship between those two sentences needs to be pointed out to the reader. To do this, we use a conjunctive adverb. Basically, they show cause and effect, sequence, contrast, comparison, or other relationships. Confused? Dont be. You know these words/phrases. Here is a list of them to keep for reference:

accordingly additionally again almost also anyway as a result besides certainly comparatively consequently contrarily conversely elsewhere equally eventually finally further

furthermore hence henceforth however in addition in comparison in contrast in fact in other words incidentally indeed instead just as likewise meanwhile moreover namely nevertheless

next nonetheless notably now on the other hand otherwise rather similarly still subsequently that is then thereafter therefore thus undoubtedly uniquely on the other hand

Heres how it works. The alarm didnt sound this morning. I was late for work. The alarm didnt sound this morning; consequently, I was late for work. Bob likes to eat broccoli. He likes to eat cauliflower and green beans. Bob likes to eat broccoli; furthermore, he likes to eat cauliflower and green beans. Fill in the blanks on the following examples (dont forget the semicolon and the comma). Then, write two of your own on the back of this sheet.
It was a hot day ________________________________ we closed all the windows and turned on the air conditioner and all the fans. (on the contrary, therefore) None of us knew our lines on Monday __________________________________ the show opened successfully on Saturday. (nonetheless, consequently) There are many things wrong with my truck ___________________________________ it needs an oil change, new tires, and a new battery. (meanwhile, for example)