Mathematics 536 Mathematical Reflections 536: Reflection 1

Introduction This document is a tool designed to help give teachers a clear description of what should be covered in Reflection 1 of the Reflections 536 textbook. The textbook offers more material than can be covered in most regular classes. However, this summary should be seen as a guide only; the amount of time available as well as the students' interests and capabilities will determine the material which is covered. Further information about the material is found in the Teacher's Guide. Objectives Covered in Reflection 1 This reflection covers parts* of two terminal objectives, Objective 1.2: To solve problems by using functions involving real variables to develop a model for a given situation and Objective 1.3: To transform mathematical expressions involving real variables into equivalent expressions. The students will examine the use of polynomial, absolute value, square root, step and rational functions to model situations. *Reflections 4 and 7 complete these objectives. It is important to refer to the MEQ Curriculum document for more details on the objectives of the program (pp. 18 - 21). Time ≈19% of the year. Reflections 1, 4 and 7 cover 45% of the year. Comments 1. Prior Knowledge: The study of functions is based on the concept of transforming a basic function by changing any of the four parameters (a, b, h and k) in the standard form of the rule of correspondence. A review of the polynomial functions of degree less than 3 covered in Math 436 using this approach should be covered as quickly as possible without sacrificing the students’ understanding. Knowledge of these roles will greatly increase the speed at which the new functions can be covered in Math 536. 2. Students can learn to value the speed with which they can sketch a graph once they understand the role of the parameters if the teacher continuously asks them to predict what happens to the basic graph. The use of the graphing calculator will certainly enhance the students’ understanding of functions as various modes of representation (rule, graph, table) can be explored so rapidly. You may wish to cover the review of the main concepts related to functions as well as to review the use of the graphing calculator by making use of the document “Using the TI83 or TI-83 Plus Graphing Calculator to Explore Functions” distributed at the June 1999 Implementation Session (mauve cover). Ensure that students understand the differences that may exist between a mathematical model of a real-life situation and the situation itself. Note: As the students taking Math 536 generally constitute the top 35 - 40% of the school’s population, they should be expected to work more autonomously on assignments in order to cover the course content. Optional topics could be assigned for independent study.

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This document has been prepared by Carolyn Gould, Resource Person for MAPCO. It is available on the MAPCO website: www.qesn.meq.gouv.qc.ca/mapco/

Mathematics 536 Mathematical Reflections 536: Reflection 1
Topic 1. Functions* (pp. 2 - 26) Class 3% Time Homework √ Priority 1 Properties of Functions** The Function Rule and its Parameters*** Investment 1: 1ad, 2a, b, 3-6, 9, 12 Think Tank p. 14: b Inverse Relations Investment 2: 1, 3, 4, 7-10, 13 Think Tank p. 18: a, b Composition of Functions Operations on Functions Investment 3: 1, 2a-d, 3-6, 8-11, 1315, 18, 21a, b Basic Constant Function Transformed Constant Function Basic Linear Function Transformed Linear Function Zeros and Equations Signs and Inequalities Investment 4: 1-5, 8-10, 12a-d, 13, 14, 16-23 Basic Quadratic Function Transformed Quadratic Functions*** Zeros and Equations Investment 4: 6, 7, 11, 12e, f, 15, 2428 Think Tank p. 42 Optional Investment 1: 1eh, 2c, d, 7, 8, 10, 11 Think Tank p. 14: a Investment 2: 2, 5, 6, 11, 12, 14 Think Tank p. 18: c Investment 3: 2eh, 7, 12, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21c, 22 Think Tank p. 26 Omit

2. Zero Degree Polynomial Functions (pp. 27 - 28) 3. First Degree Polynomial Functions (pp. 29 - 42)

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1.5%

4. Quadratic Functions (pp. 43 - 64)

2.5%

Investment 5: 5, 14-16, 24, 25, 2729, 31-42 Think Tank p. 64

This document has been prepared by Carolyn Gould, Resource Person for MAPCO. It is available on the MAPCO website: www.qesn.meq.gouv.qc.ca/mapco/

Mathematics 536 Mathematical Reflections 536: Reflection 1
Topic Class 4. Quadratic Functions (pp. 43 - 64) (continued) 5. Absolute Value Functions (pp. 65 - 97) 3% √ Time Homework Signs and Inequalities Investment 5: 1-4, 6-13, 17-23, 26, 30 Concept of Absolute Value Basic Absolute Value Function Transformed Absolute Value Functions Investment 6: 1-9, 13, 15 Zeros and Equations Investment 7: 1-5, 7, 8, 10, 13, 16, 19 Signs and Inequalities Investment 8: 1-4, 7, 9, 10 Finding the Rule Investment 9: 1-5, 8, 9, 11, 15, 17 Concept of Square Root Basic Square Root Function Transformed Square Root Functions Investment 10: 113, 16, 19 Zeros and Equations Signs and Inequalities Finding the Rule Investment 11: 1-6, 11-14, 16-19, 2123, 25, 27, 29 Investment 6: 1012, 14 Think Tank p. 76 Investment 7: 6, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, 18 Think Tank p. 84 Investment 8: 5, 6, 8, 11 Think Tank p. 91 Investment 9: 6, 7, 10, 12-14, 16 Think Tank p. 97 Priority 1 Optional Omit

6. Square Root Functions (pp. 98 - 119)

3%

Investment 10: 14, 15, 17, 18 Think Tank p. 108 Investment 11: 710, 15, 20, 24, 26, 28 Think Tank p. 119

This document has been prepared by Carolyn Gould, Resource Person for MAPCO. It is available on the MAPCO website: www.qesn.meq.gouv.qc.ca/mapco/

Mathematics 536 Mathematical Reflections 536: Reflection 1
Topic Class 7. Step Functions (pp. 120 - 130) 1.5% Time Homework √ Investment 12: 7, Concept of Step 9, 17-22, 24, 25 Basic Greatest Think Tank p. 130 Integer Function Transformed Greatest Integer Functions Investment 12: 1-6, 8, 10-16, 23 Investment 13: 11Inverse Variation 13, 17-18, 23 Function Think tank p. 141 Basic Rational Workout: 22, 25, Function 28, 29, 31, 32, 37, Transformed Rational Functions 42, 43, 45, 47, 5055, 58, 60, 62-64, Solving Rational 66-68, 71-75, 80Equations and 82 Inequalities Investment 13: 110, 14-16, 19-22 Workout****: 1-21, 23, 24, 26, 27, 30, 33-36, 38-41, 44, 46, 48, 49, 56, 57, 59, 61, 65, 69, 70, 76, 78, 79, 83 Pop Quiz p. 158 Priority 1 Optional Omit

8. Rational Functions (pp. 131 - 160)

4%

* The key in topic 1 is to review the main concepts related to functions. See Comment 3. ** This summary (pp. 7-8), which involves functions yet to be studied, is more pertinent at the end of the course. The properties should be reviewed with respect to the polynomial functions of degree less than 3 covered in Math 436. *** The study of the role of parameters could be covered using the examples on quadratic functions pp. 44-46 and then discussing the examples given on pages 9-12. **** In the Workout review, select examples where the students exhibited difficulty during the teaching phase.

This document has been prepared by Carolyn Gould, Resource Person for MAPCO. It is available on the MAPCO website: www.qesn.meq.gouv.qc.ca/mapco/