La Ventra E.

Danquah, Librarian III Wayne State University Library System Instruction Recharge | September 2, 2009 Simple Active Learning Strategies for Instruction Librarians The following strategies can be implemented during library instruction. Techniques can be utilized to expedite learning, conduct interactive presentations/talks, topical reviews and on-the-spot assessments. Preparation is important when selecting an active learning strategy. Make sure the technique(s) assist in achieving your learning goal, fits the presentation format and that you have enough time to practice. Keep in mind most strategies can be modified to align with your instructional goals. Finally, the ADDIE model is recommended when designing instructional plans. Strategy The Reason I’m Here? Overview: This simple strategy is a great opener and helps participants immediately engage in the topic. Steps 1. Distribute index cards or scrap paper. 2. Ask participants to record one learning goal or ask; “What do you expect to learn from the presentation?” 3. Have participants put the information aside and continue with the presentation. 4. At the break or at the end of the presentation, have participants recall their learning goal and assess whether it has been achieved. Note: Leave enough time to address unanswered questions. Guided Note Taking Overview: To help participants focus during a lecture or talk, distribute a fill-in-the-blank handout. Answers should include key points participants should listen for throughout the presentation. 1. Distribute the fill-in-the-blank handout. 2. Review instructions. Tell participants that the handout will assist them with capturing key information. 3. Conduct lecture/talk. 4. Review handout at the end of the presentation. Have participants read aloud. 5. Ask if there are additional questions. 1. Immediate learning involvement 2. Independent learning 3. Self-assessment 4. Topical review Used for… 1. Immediate learning involvement 2. Independent learning 3. Self-assessment 4. Topical review

Sample question… Accessing licensed resources remotely may require you to logon to WSU Library System’s ___________.

Alternative: Ask questions throughout the presentation, instead of using a handout record questions on PowerPoint slides. Pose a question after presenting each chuck of information.

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Answer = EZ Proxy

Note: Four to five questions is sufficient. Be careful not to overload participants with too much information.

The Answer Is? Overview: Most instructors develop a learning activity with their presentation. This strategy is an interactive approach for using the activity.

1. Identify learning activity. 2. Tell participants that the activity will be used throughout the presentation. 3. Demonstrate a feature or two from the database/resource. 4. Allow participants to answer a question from the learning activity. 5. Review answer and search strategy. 6. Repeat steps 3-5 until presentation is completed. Note: Questions on the learning activity should reflect the features demonstrated during the presentation.

1. Immediate learning involvement 2. Independent learning 3. Self-assessment 4. Topical review

Adapted from, Silberman, M. L. (1996). Active learning : 101 strategies to teach any subject. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

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La Ventra E. Danquah, Librarian III Wayne State University Library System Instruction Recharge | September 2, 2009

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