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# Practice Problems 10 1. The flexible loop in the figure below has a radius of 10.

## 8 cm and is in a magnetic field of strength 0.130 T.

The loop is grasped at points A and B and stretched until it closes. If it takes 0.160 s to close the loop, find the magnitude of the a erage induced emf in it during this time.

2. ! s"uare, single#turn wire coil L \$ 1.18 cm on a side is placed inside a solenoid that has a circular cross section of radius r \$ 3.%0 cm, as shown in the figure below.

The solenoid is 1&.& cm long and wound with 130 turns of wire. If the current in the solenoid is %.&' !, find the flux through the coil.

3. If the current in the solenoid is reduced to (ero in %.&% s, calculate the magnitude of the a erage induced emf in the coil.

4. ! single#turn circular loop of radius ) \$ 0.16& m is coaxial with a long 1*10 turn solenoid of radius 0.0600 m and length 0.63' m, as seen in the figure below.

The ariable resistor is changed so that the solenoid current decreases linearl+ from '.1* ! to 1.,& ! in 0.%%0 s. -alculate the induced emf in the circular lop. .The field /ust outside the solenoid is small enough to be negligible.0

5. The figure below shows a stationar+ conductor, whose shape is similar to the letter 1e1 .a \$ '6., cm0, that is placed in a constant magnetic field of magnitude B \$ 0.,8' T directed out of the page.

! '6., cm long, straight conducting rod pi oted about point 2 rotates with a constant angular speed of 1.'8 rad3s. 4etermine the induced emf in loop 526.

6. Two parallel rails with negligible resistance are 1.00710#1 m apart and are connected b+ a ,.&0 8 resistor. The circuit also contains two metal rods ha ing resistances of &.60 8 and 13.60 8 sliding along the rails .see figure0. The rods are pulled awa+ from the resistor at constant speeds ,.00 m3s and %.00 m3s, respecti el+. ! uniform magnetic field of magnitude 0.0100 T is applied perpendicular to the plane of the rails. 4etermine the current in the ,.&0 8 resistor.

7. In a %6&#turn automobile alternator, the magnetic flux in each turn is phi9\$.%.'*710#, T:m%0 cos.;t0, where ; is the angular speed of the alternator. The alternator is geared to rotate three times for each engine re olution. <hen the engine is running at an angular speed of 11,0 re 3min, determine the maximum emf in the alternator.

8. Two infinitel+ long solenoids .seen in cross#section0 thread a circuit as shown in the figure below.

!ssume that L1 \$ 0.,6& m, L2 \$ 0.,6& m, H \$ 0.,6& m, r1 \$ 0.11' m, r2 \$ 0.1,3 m, R1 \$ 6.00 8, R2 \$ '.08 8 and R3 \$ 3.'8 8. The magnitude of B inside each is the same and is increasing at the rate of 10' T3s. <hat is the current in resistor R1=

9. ! conducting rod of length l \$ 3%.8 cm is free to slide on two parallel conducting bars, as shown in the figure below.

Two resistors R1 \$ %.1% 8 and R2 \$ '.0& 8 are connected across the ends of the bars to form a loop. ! constant magnetic field B \$ %.3& T is directed perpendicular into the page. !n external agent pulls the rod to the left with a constant speed of v \$ 8.,' m3s. -alculate the magnitude of the current in R1.

10. -alculate the magnitude of the applied force that is needed to mo e the rod with this constant elocit+.

11. >agnetic field alues are often determined b+ using a de ice known as a search coil. This techni"ue depends on the measurement of the total charge passing through a coil in a time inter al during which the magnetic flux linking the windings changes either because of the motion of the coil or because of a change in the alue of 9. !s a specific example, calculate 9 when a 6&#turn coil of resistance %0' 8 and cross#sectional area ,%.& m% produces the following results. ! total charge of ,.*8710#, - passes through the coil when it is rotated in a uniform field from a position where the plane of the coil is perpendicular to the field to a position where the coil?s plane is parallel to the field.

12. ! wire L \$ 33.8 cm long is held parallel to and H \$ 81.% cm abo e a long wire carr+ing 1&0 ! and resting on the floor .see figure below0.

The L \$ 33.8 cm wire is released and falls, remaining parallel with the current#carr+ing wire as it falls. !ssume that the falling wire accelerates at &.11 m3s% and deri e an e"uation for the emf induced in it. @xpress +our result as a function of the time t after the wire is dropped. <hat is the induced emf 0.30* s after the wire is released=

13. -onsider the circuit in the figure below, taking E \$ & A, L \$ 8.%* mB, and R \$ ,.38 8.

## <hat is the inducti e time constant of the circuit=

14. -alculate the current in the circuit %*3 Cs after the switch is closed.

## 15. <hat is the alue of the final stead+#state current=

16. Bow long does it take the current to reach *8.3D of its maximum alue=