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CHEMISTRY 2A/2B

MAJOR TEST 1
Practice test

CHAPTERS 1, 2, 3,4,5

This test is made up of two parts:


Section 1 contains 15 multiple choice questions and is worth 15 marks. Write your
answers on the answer grid at the beginning of Section 2.
Section 2 contains a mixture of 9 short answer and calculation questions worth
35 marks.

2AB CHEMISTRY MAJOR TEST 1


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Section 1: 15 Questions worth 15 marks


1

The isotope of cobalt used to irradiate food to destroy disease-causing bacteria is Co.
The number of electrons in a Co2+ ion of this isotope is:
A 25
B 27
C 29
D 33

The electron structure of P3 is:


A 2, 8, 5
B 2, 5
C 2, 8, 8
D 2, 8, 2

Boron, aluminium, gallium (Ga) and indium (In) occur together in the same group of
the Periodic Table because:
A atoms of each of the elements contain the same number of electrons
B they are good conductors of electricity
C neutral atoms of each of the elements have the same number of electrons in their
outer shell
D the masses of the atoms of these elements increase smoothly down the group

The compound formed between a group 15 element and a group 17 element would be
expected to:
A have a very high boiling point
B possibly be a gas or a liquid at room temperature
C conduct electricity in solid state
D conduct electricity in molten state

Which of the following molecules has two non-bonding pairs of electrons?


A CH4
B HCl
C H2O
D NH3

Calcium atoms and calcium ions:


A are chemically identical
B have the same number of electrons
C have the same number of protons
D both react readily with water

2AB CHEMISTRY MAJOR TEST 1


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Which one of the following contains a triple covalent bond?


A H2S
B NO3
C N2
D C2H4

Element Y has an atomic mass of 25, and a nucleus that contains 12 neutrons. Its
chloride is most likely to have the formula:
A Y2Cl
B YCl3
C YCl2
D Y2Cl3

The strong bonds in the following substances: CO2(g), HCl(g), CaO(s), Na(s) are, in
order:
A covalent, covalent, ionic, ionic
B covalent, ionic, ionic, metallic
C covalent, covalent, ionic, metallic
D covalent, ionic, ionic, ionic

10

Which of the following statements about selenium is NOT true?


A Selenium is in period 3, group 16 in the Periodic Table.
B When selenium atoms react with a metal, each selenium atom gains two electrons.
C When selenium reacts with chlorine, it forms a molecular compound with the
formula of SeCl2.
D Selenium would be expected to have a reasonably low melting point and to be a
non-conductor of electricity

11

Diamond and graphite are the two covalent network allotropes of carbon. Which one of
the following properties is common to both of these allotropes?
A High reactivity
B Very hard
C High melting point
D Conductor of electricity

2AB CHEMISTRY MAJOR TEST 1


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12

Silicon dioxide, SiO2, and carbon dioxide, CO2 are both oxides of elements in the
same group, however, the melting point of SiO2 is about 2000 oC higher than the
melting point of CO2. The best reason for this inconsistency is that:
A silicon dioxide is an ionic compound and carbon dioxide is a covalent
molecular compound.
B the bonds between silicon atoms and oxygen atoms are so much stronger than the
bonds between carbon atoms and oxygen atoms.
C the bonds between silicon atoms and oxygen atoms are much stronger than the
weak forces between carbon dioxide molecules
D the bonds between silicon dioxide molecules is so much greater than the bonds
between carbon dioxide molecules

13

Which of the following contains only pure substances?


A molten iron, oxygen gas, distilled water
B molten iron, an aqueous solution of copper(II) chloride
C Salt, nitrogen gas, copper(II) nitrate solution
D Carbon dioxide gas, nitrogen gas, air.

14

Elements P and Q have the following electron configurations:


Element P: 2, 8, 2
Element Q: 2, 8, 18, 7
The compound formed between elements P and Q would have the which formula and
structure?
A P2Q (molecular)
B PQ (covalent network)
C PQ2 (ionic)
D P2Q (ionic)

15

An atomic species, X, has 16 protons, 16 electrons and 18 neutrons. Another species,


Y, has 16 protons, 18 electrons and 17 neutrons.
Consider each of these statements about the species X and Y:
(1) X and Y are different elements
(2) X and Y are isotopes
(3) X is a cation
(4) Y is an anion
Which of the above statements are TRUE?
A
B
C
D

Statements (1) and (4)


Statements (1) and (3)
Statements (2) and (3)
Statements (2) and (4)

2AB CHEMISTRY MAJOR TEST 1


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TEACHERS USE ONLY

Sec 1

Sec 2

15

Total

35

50

2A/B CHEMISTRY MAJOR TEST 1(practice)


SECTION 1: ANSWER SHEET
Your name:

..............................................................................

Instructions: Put a cross (X) in the box of your choice.


For example: [A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

1.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

9.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

2.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

10.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

3.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

11.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

4.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

12.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

5.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

13.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

6.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

14.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

7.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

15.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

8.

[A]

[B]

[C]

[D]

2AB CHEMISTRY MAJOR TEST 1


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Section 2: Short- answers (35 marks)


1 Write names for the following compounds:
(a) Fe(HCO3)2
(b) (NH4)2SO4
(c) N2Cl4

2 Write the formulas of the following


compounds:
(a) magnesium phosphate
(b) diphosphorus trisulfide
(c) ammonia
(d) copper(I) chloride.

3 (a) If the formula of magnesium thiocyanate


is Mg(SCN)2, what is the formula of the
thiocyanate ion?
(b) Write the formula of potassium
thiocyanate
3
4 Atoms W, X, Y and Z have the following
electron configurations:
W 2, 8, 2 X 2, 5 Y 2, 8
Z 2, 8, 7
(a) Which element, W, X, Y or Z, would be
least reactive?
(b) Which element is in group 15 in the
periodic table?
(c) Which could form a positive ion that has
the same electron configuration as neon?
(d) Give the formula of the substance
formed when W and X react.
(e) What type of substance would form
when X reacts with Z?
5

2AB CHEMISTRY MAJOR TEST 1


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To answer questions 5, 6, 7 and 8 refer to the information given in the table below:
Solubility in water at 200C
(g substance per 100 g of
water)

Solubility in water at 800C


(g substance per 100 g of
water)

Substance

Melting
point (0C)

Boiling
point (0C)

potassium
bromide

734

1435

60

90

benzoic acid,
C7H6O2

122

249

0.29

4.0

methanol,
CH3OH

98

65

very soluble

very soluble

5 (a) Describe a method you could use to obtain some pure benzoic acid from a mixture of
potassium bromide and benzoic acid.
(b ) Explain, in terms of the compounds properties why your method would be successful.

3
6 Draw electron dot diagrams for potassium bromide and methanol.

2AB CHEMISTRY MAJOR TEST 1


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7 Explain why potassium bromide has a much higher melting point than methanol.

4
8 Compare the electrical conductivity of potassium bromide and methanol in solid and liquid
states and in aqueous solution. Give brief explanations as to why they do or dont conduct.

6
9 Consider the information in the table below then answer the questions which follow:
Particle
A
B
C
D
E
F

# Protons
20
17
20
22
19
19

(a) Identify those particles that are:


(i) Isotopes of the same element
(ii) Neutral atoms
(iii) Cations

#Electrons
18
18
20
20
18
19

#Neutrons
20
18
22
26
20
20