# Mathematics 536 Mathematical Reflections 536: Reflection 4

Introduction This document is a tool designed to help give teachers a clear description of what should be covered in Reflection 4 of the Reflections 536 textbook. The textbook offers more material than can be covered in most regular classes. However, this summary should be seen as a guide only; the amount of time available as well as the students' interests and capabilities will determine the material which is covered. Further information about the material is found in the Teacher's Guide. Objectives Covered in Reflection 4 This reflection covers parts* of two terminal objectives, Objective 1.2: To solve problems by using functions involving real variables to develop a model for a given situation and Objective 1.3: To transform mathematical expressions involving real variables into equivalent expressions. The students will examine the use of exponential and logarithmic functions to model situations and will learn to solve exponential and logarithmic equations. *Reflections 1 and 7 complete these objectives. It is important to refer to the MEQ Curriculum document for more details on the objectives of the program (pp. 18 - 21). Time 12% of the year. Reflections 1, 4, 7 cover 45% of the year. Comments 1. Prior Knowledge: Students will continue to use the different modes of representation as they use functions to model situations mathematically. They will also continue the study of functions based on the concept of transforming a basic function by changing any of the four parameters a, b, h and k in the standard form of the rule of correspondence. They will use their skills of working with exponents developed in Math 436. 2. The use of the graphing calculator will certainly enhance the students’ understanding of functions because the various modes of representation (rule, graph, table) can be explored so rapidly. Note: As the students taking Math 536 generally constitute the top 35 - 40% of the school’s population, they should be expected to work more autonomously on assignments in order to cover the course content. Optional topics could be assigned for independent study.

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This document has been prepared by Carolyn Gould, Resource Person for MAPCO. It is available on the MAPCO website: www.qesn.meq.gouv.qc.ca/mapco/

Mathematics 536 Mathematical Reflections 536: Reflection 4
Topic 1. Exponential Functions (pp. 340 - 387) Class 6% Time Homework √ Priority 1 The Concept of an Exponent Investment 1*: 1-5, 8-10 Think Tank p. 343: a An Exponential Model The Basic Exponential Function Investment 2: 1-4, 6-9 Transformed Exponential Functions Zeros and Equations Signs and Inequalities** Investment 3: 1-5, 7, 8, 10-14, 16, 17a, 19-22 Natural Logarithms Finding the Rule Investment 4: 1-7, 12, 14-17 Workout 5***: 1, 912, 14, 15, 17, 18, 20****, 22, 23, 26, 28, 30, 32, 37-39, 41, 50, 54, 57, 60, 61 Pop Quiz p. 386 Basic Logarithmic Functions Investment 5: 1-12 Laws of Logarithms Investment 6: 1-7, 9, 11-14, 17, 18 Transformed Log Functions Solving Log Equations Optional Omit

Investment 1: 6, 7, Investment 3: 11 18 Think Tank p. 343: Workout 5: 24, b, c 55, 56 Investment 2: 5, 10-12 Think Tank p. 350 Investment 3: 6, 9, 15, 17b, c Think Tank p. 361 Investment 4: 811, 13, 18-20 Think Tank p. 369 Workout 5: 2-8, 13, 16, 19, 21, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33-36, 40, 42-49, 51-53, 58, 59, 62-65

2. Logarithmic Functions (pp. 388 - 428)

6%

Think Tank p. 392 Investment 6: 8, 10, 15, 16, 19 Think Tank p. 399 Investment 7: 10, 14, 16-18, 24 Think Tank p. 413

This document has been prepared by Carolyn Gould, Resource Person for MAPCO. It is available on the MAPCO website: www.qesn.meq.gouv.qc.ca/mapco/

Mathematics 536 Mathematical Reflections 536: Reflection 4
Topic Class 2. Logarithmic Functions cont’d Time Homework √ Solving Exponential Equations Investment 7: 1-9, 11-13*****, 15, 19-23 Workout 6***: 5-11, 13-15, 19-23, 27, 28, 30, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37a, b, d, g, 38, 43, 47, 49, 50 Pop Quiz p. 424 Workout 6: 1-4, 12, Workout 6: 41, 16-18, 24-26, 29, 42 32, 34, 37c, e, f, h, i, 39, 40, 4446, 48, 51, 52 Priority 1 Optional Omit

* The word “series” should be replaced by the word “sequence” in both the text and the guide. A sequence is defined as a set of numbers arranged in order one after the other according to some rule. A series is defined as the sum of the terms of a sequence. (The Nelson Canadian School Mathematics Dictionary) ** Solving exponential inequalities is beyond the scope of Math 536. *** The number of questions covered in this workout will depend on the time available and the students’ understanding of the material. **** The dependent variable for the second table should read “Fraction of initial surface area.” ***** #13 should read “... and d is expressed in centimetres.”

This document has been prepared by Carolyn Gould, Resource Person for MAPCO. It is available on the MAPCO website: www.qesn.meq.gouv.qc.ca/mapco/