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1. Are the following sentences correct? Give a √ if you think so, and a if you don’t think so.
An example has been done for you. Sentences Example: He study Form 5. Example: He studies Form 5. i. According to Tung Chee Hwa, he said that $2 billion would be set aside for education reforms. ii. According to the doctor, Peter will recover completely. iii. According to Ann, John and Mary had a fight yesterday. iv. According to the Next magazine, it says that the singer has bought a big house. v. 2. According to Mary, she thinks you should start planning for your holiday. Look at sentence (i) again. If the clause before the comma is A and the clause after the comma is B, i.e. According to Tung Chee Hwa, he said that $2 billion would be set aside for education reforms. _____________________ ___________________________________________ A B circle the Subject of B. 3. 4. What does the subject he refer to? ___________________________ Compare the subject of B with the source of the information in A. Are they the same persons or different persons? ___________________
5. Now rewrite sentence (i), replacing the pronoun he in B by Tung Chee Hwa. ______________________________________________________________________ 6. What is the problem with the sentence? ________________________________________ 7. If P = Tung Chee Hwa (i.e. source of information), (i.e. information)
QQQ = $2 billion would be set aside for education reforms
Problem: According to P, P said that QQQ .
Solution: According to P, P said that QQQ. ↓
√ According to P, QQQ.
8. Look at sentence (i) again. What did Tung Chee Hwa say? ____________________________________________________________________________ 9. Rewrite the sentence following the above suggestion. ____________________________________________________________________________ 10. Now look at sentence (ii) again. (ii) According to the doctor, Peter will recover completely. _________________ _____________________ A B
11. Circle the subject of B. 12. Compare the circled subject of B with the source of information in A. Are they the same? _______________________ 13. Is sentence (ii) correct? ___________________ 14. Sentence (i) is incorrect because the source of information in A is repeated in B, but sentence (ii) is correct because the source of information in A is NOT repeated. 15. We can do the same to determine whether sentences (iii) is correct. (iii) According to Ann, John and Mary had a fight yesterday. _____________ ____________________________ A B 16. In sentence (iii), what is the source of information in A? _______________________ 17. What is the subject of B? _________________________ 18. Are they the same? ___________________ 19. Is sentence (iii) acceptable? ___________________ 20. Do sentences (iv) – (v) again to determine whether they are correct or not. 21. In each of the following sentences, label two parts before and after the comma using A and B. Underline the sources of information in A, and circle the subject of B. Check to see if the
source of information in A is repeated in the subject position of B. If so, rewrite the sentences using the solution suggested. a. Based on the report, it said that a 5 percent increase was recorded in the past 5 months. _________________________________________________________________________ b. According to the principal he said that there would be 3 new teachers joining the school. ___________________________________________________________________________ c. Based on a study done by a group of researchers, they reported that many local young people are not interested in learning English. ___________________________________________________________________________ d. In my opinion, I think IT actually widens rather than bridging the gap between the rich and the poor. ____________________________________________________________________________ e. According to Peter says, the accident occurred at 3 a.m. this morning. ____________________________________________________________________________ f. Based on the school regulation, you have to arrive at school before 8 a.m. ____________________________________________________________________________ g. According to her father, the daughter should do more housework for her mother. ____________________________________________________________________________ h. In the students’ opinion, the test should be postponed. ____________________________________________________________________________ 22. Summarize a piece of news reported recently on TV or in a local newspaper. Describe what the reporter discusses using structures like according to X, based on X, in X’s opinion, etc.