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PRESENTATION OF TOPICS I. Objectives: At the end of the period, the students will be able to: a. distinguish the key feature of skimming and scanning; b. positively respond to class discussions and activities; c. improve reading skills through the use of these styles. II. Subject-matter: Skimming and Scanning Values: Genuine love for reading References: Developmental Reading I by Alejandro S. Bernardo, pp. 170-172 Devices: Books Teaching-Aids: Visual aids III. Procedure: Teachers Activity: Good afternoon class Prayer Let us pray first. Students Activity: Good afternoon, Maam Lovely! (One student will Lead the prayer) (Students raise their Hand and say present As their names are called) It was great Maam! We went to the mall. I did my chores.

(Checking of attendance)

So hows your weekend?

Thats good! Now that youve freshen up, let us now proceed to our class proper.

a. Drill Upon hearing the word scanning, what comes into your mind? How about skimming? examine, inspect survey, look

glance through pass over quickly

All right. You all have a good point of view. But before we proceed to our next topic, let us first have a recall about our past lesson.

Again, what was our topic last time?

About the different skills required for proficient reading, Maam!

b. Review of past lesson So, what is fluency? The ability to read orally with speed, accuracy and Vocal expression Maam, that is vocabulary

It is the knowledge of words And word meanings. Lastly, it is a complex cognitive process in which a reader intentionally and interactively engages with the text.

Reading comprehension

Question and Answer: 1. Why is reading a very complex process? It requires a great deal of active participation on the part of the reader. Francis Bacon!

2. Who defined reading as It makes a full man, conference A ready man, and writing an exact man? 3. What is phonemic awareness?

The ability to distinguish and manipulate the individual sounds of language.

c. Motivation LETTER TO SELF AND REFLECT Have each student address an envelope and write a letter to him/herself reflecting on their current situation and where they hope to be in six weeks, six months, or a year. Have them exchange their letters with their closest friend and reflect on what the letter contains. Discussion of the lesson of the day:

Skimming means reading very fast to find only the main ideas of a text. It is not reading a text word-by-word. It is done at a speed three to four times faster than normal reading. It is done when readers have a number of materials to read in a limited amount of time. It is used when one wants to see if an article may be

Scanning is a technique often used to search for key words or ideas. It is used when one knows what he is looking for, so he is concentrating on finding a particular answer. It involves moving the eyes quickly down the page seeking specific words and phrases. Scanning is also used when one first find a

of interest in his research. Skimming strategies include: reading the first and last paragraphs using headings; reading summaries and other organizers while moving down the page or screen; reading the title, subtitles, subheading, and illustrations.

resource to determine whether it will answer his questions. Scanning strategies include: looking for the authors use of organizers such as numbers, letters, steps, or the words, first, second, or next; spotting words that are bold faced, italics, or in different font size, style, or color, looking at the marginal notes.

d. Application (Group activity) Students will be asked to group into 3. Directions: Read the following passages. Skim to identify the gist of each passage. 1. Research is an often-misused term; its usage in everyday language is very different from the strict scientific meaning. In the field of science, it is important to move away from the looser meaning and use it only in its proper context. Scientific research adheres to a set of strict protocols and long established structures. Often, we will talk about conducting internet research or say that we are researching in the library. In everyday language, it is perfectly correct grammatically, but in science, it gives a misleading impression. The correct and most common term used in science is that we are conducting a literature review. 2. For a successful career in science, you must understand the methodology behind any research and be aware of the correct protocols. Science has developed these guidelines over many years as the benchmark for measuring the validity of the results obtained. Failure to follow the guidelines will prevent your findings from being accepted and taken seriously. These protocols can vary

slightly between scientific disciplines, but all follow the same basic structure. 3. The term research is much stricter in science than in everyday life. It revolves around using the scientific method to generate hypotheses and provide analyzable results. All scientific research has a goal and ultimate aim, repeated and refined experimentation gradually reaching an answer. These results are a way of gradually uncovering truths and finding out about the processes that drive the universe around us. Only by having a rigid structure to experimentation, can results be verified as acceptable contributions to science. Some other areas, such as history and economics, also perform true research, but tend to have their own structures in place for generating solid results. They also contribute to human knowledge but with different processes and systems. e. Generalization/Summarization Skimming is reading very fast to find only the main ideas. It is not reading word-by-word but instead reading to locate important information. Scanning is moving eyes quickly to spot specific word or ideas. It is used to search for keywords.

f. Evaluation Directions: Bring out your Developmental Reading book. Read the essay entitled On Friendship by A.S. Bernardo and answer the questions that follow on pages 172-174. IV. Assignment/Agreement: Scan and look for the specific details about the article about Swine influenza on the Developmental Reading book found on pages 180180 and answer the questions that follow.