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ENGLISH II

Infinitive / -ing form

-ING

FORM AND

(TO)

INFINITIVE

-ING FORM

VERB + -ING. Si los verbos de este recuadro van seguidos de otro verbo
(en espaol normalmente un infinitivo) en ingls deber tomar la
forma -ING

Avoid
finish
miss
-

enjoy fancy
feel like
cant stand
look forward to
give up
cant help
imagine
consider
object to
practise
mind
deny
resist
Ill do the shopping when Ive finished cleaning the flat.
I dont fancy going out this evening.
I cant imagine George riding a motor-bike.
When Im on holiday, I enjoy not having to get up early.
Would you mind closing the door?

Go ing (actividades fsicas)


go shopping go swimming go skiing

go fishing

go riding

etc.

PREPOSITION + -ING. Detrs de cualquier preposicin deberemos usar


una forma ING.
Are you interested
Im not very good
Im fed up
The children are excited
What are the advantages
John went to work
I bought a new bicycle
What did you do

in
at
with
about
of
in spite of
instead of
after

working
learning
studying
going
having
feeling
going
leaving

for us?
languages.
on holiday.
a car?
ill.
on holiday
school?

SUBJECT, OBJECT OR COMPLEMENT OF A SENTENCE. La forma -ing a veces


funciona como sujeto, objeto o complemento de una oracin.
- Smoking is a terrible habit.
- Playing tennis in England is not expensive.
- I hate writing letters
TO INFINITIVE

VERB + TO INFINITIVE. Si los verbos de este recuadro van seguidos


de otro verbo (en espaol normalmente un infinitivo) en ingls
deber tomar la forma TO INFINITIVE.
Afford
choose
decide
manage
promise

agree

appear

arrange

ask

attempt

expect
mean
propose

fail
offer
refuse

help
plan
seem

hope
prepare
want

intend
pretend
wish

- I cant afford to go on holiday this summer.


- As it was late, we decided to take a taxi.
- How old were you when you learnt to drive (how to drive)?

learn

ENGLISH II
Infinitive / -ing form

- He pretended not to see me as he passed me in the street.


- You seem to have lost weight.

VERB + OBJECT + TO INFINITIVE. Despus de estos verbos, normalmente


se usa un objeto antes del infinitivo
Allow
persuade
want

advise
force

ask
invite
order
permit
recommend
remind
teach
tell
wish

- He asked me to help him.


- I dont want you to go.
- We invited Sue to have dinner with us.

VERB + QUESTION WORD+ TO INFINITIVE. Se puede usar una partcula


interrogativa despus de ciertos verbos seguido de to infinitive (except
why).
- I dont know what to say.
- Do you know how to play chess?
- Somebody told me where to buy a ticket.

NOUN / PRONOUN / ADJECTIVE + TO INFINITIVE. Usamos to infinitive


despus de nombres, pronombre y adjetivos.
-

Ive got some letters to write.


Would you like something to read?
Im very pleased to see you.
It isnt easy to learn a foreign language.
INFINITIVE WITHOUT TO

MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS + INFINITIVE. Se usa infinitive without to


despus de verbos modales:
will

shall

Also the
-

may

would

might

should

must

can

could

I must go now
Can you help me?
expressions: would rather, and had better.
Id rather go alone.
Youd better see what she wants.

After ought, used, the to-infinitive is used.

OTHER VERBS + INFINITIVE. Certain verbs are followed by an object and


the infinitive without to.
Let/make + object + infinitive
- She lets her children stay up very late.
- I made them give me the money back
-ING FORM OR INFINITIVE

ENGLISH II
Infinitive / -ing form

NO DIFFERENCE IN MEANING. Despus de ciertos verbos se pueden usar


ambas formas sin que cambie mucho el significado.
Begin

cant bear

*like
*love

- The baby began crying


- She prefers working

*prefer

*hate

start
or
or

The baby began to cry


She prefers to work at night

But with would like, would prefer, would love, would hate, we always use to
infinitive.
-I would prefer to drive home tonight
- Would you like to go out this evening?

DIFFERENCE IN MEANING Con estos verbos, el significado cambia segn se


emplee una forma u otra.

Remember

forget

try

stop

regret

Remember + - ing = remember what one has done, or what has happened.
- I shall always remember meeting you for the first time.
Remember + - infinitive = remember what one has to do.
- Remember to go to the post office, wont you?
Forget + -ing = forget what one has done, or what has happened.
- I shall never forget seeing the Queen.
Forget + infinitive = forget what one has to do.
- Shes always forgetting to give me my letters.
Stop + -ing = stop what one is doing.
- I really must stop smoking
Stop + infinitive = make a break or a pause in order to do something.
- Every half hour I stop work to smoke a cigarette.
Regret + -ing = be sorry for what has happened or something we have already
done.
- I dont regret telling her what I thought, even if she didnt like it.
Regret + infinitive = be sorry for what one is going to say.
- I regret to inform you that we are unable to offer you
employment.

Gerund or Infinitive after the Verb Exercise


A. Fill the gaps with the verb in brackets in the appropriate form.
1 I can't stand ........................... in queues. (to wait )
2 I wouldn't like ........................... in his shoes. (to be )
3 Jim loves ........................... in Thailand. (to work )
4 I hate ........................... the shopping on Saturday. (to do )
5 Blast! I forgot ...........................milk. (to buy )

ENGLISH II
Infinitive / -ing form

6 In the end we decided ........................... in. (to stay )


7 I need ........................... some information about Portugal. (to find )
8 My parents like ........................... for long walks at the weekend. (to go )
9 Tony gave up ........................... years ago. ( to smoke )
10 I wanted ....................... and see a film but no one else was interested. (to go)
11 Mrs Leith offered ........................... us to the airport. (to take )
12 Clare refused ........................... clean up after the party. ( to help )
13 I tried ........................... him to come but it was no use. ( to persuade )
14 Do you mind not ...........................? ( to smoke )
15 Everybody really enjoyed ........................... the cha-cha-cha. ( to dance )
16 Lionel admitted ...........................my chocolate mousse. ( to eat )
B Check your answers and put the verbs in bold into the right columns.
Translate the verbs.
VERB + GERUND

Translation

VERB +TO + INFINITIVE Translation

Admit
..........................
enjoy
give up
..........................
..........................
Love
..........................

..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................

decide
forget
..........................
offer
refuse
try
want
would like

..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................
..........................

Check your answers

1 I can't stand waiting in queues. (to wait)


2 I wouldn't like to be in his shoes. (to be)
3 Jim loves working in Thailand. (to work)
4 I hate doing the shopping on Saturday. (to do)
5 Blast! I forgot to buy milk. (to buy)
6 In the end we decided to stay in. (to stay)
7 I need to find some information about Portugal. (to find)
8 My parents like going for long walks at the weekend. (to go)
9 Tony gave up smoking years ago. (to smoking)
10 I wanted to go and see Troy but no one else was interested. (to go)
11 Mrs Leith offered to take us to the airport. (to take)
12 Clare refused to help clean up after the party. (to help)
13 I tried to persuade him to come but it was no use. (to persuade)
14 Do you mind not smoking? (to help)
15 Everybody really enjoyed dancing the cha-cha-cha. (to help)
16 Lionel admitted eating my chocolate mousse. (to help)
VERB + GERUND
admit
can't stand
enjoy
give up
hate
like
love
mind

VERB + TO + INFINITIVE
decide
forget
need
offer
refuse
try
want
wouldn't like

ENGLISH II
Infinitive / -ing form

Gerund or Infinitive Mistakes Exercise


Correct the mistakes.
1 I finished to read Harry Potter.
...........................................................................................
2 I prefer don't go.
...........................................................................................
3 I don't like read the newspaper.
...........................................................................................
4 My problem is to pay.
...........................................................................................
5 Before to start, .
...........................................................................................
6 It's better don't take the car.
...........................................................................................
7 I prefer don't speak about it.
...........................................................................................
8 Laura enjoys to be alone sometimes.
...........................................................................................
9 I wouldn't like being in his shoes.
...........................................................................................
10 I don't mind to help.
...........................................................................................

Check your answers

1 I finished to read Harry Potter.


I finished reading Harry Potter.
2 I prefer don't go.
I prefer not to go.
3 I don't like read the newspaper.
I dont like reading the newspaper.
4 My problem is to pay.
My problem is paying.
5 Before to start, ...
Before starting, ...
6 It's better don't take the car.
It's better not to take the car.
7 I prefer don't speak about it.
I prefer not to speak about it.
8 Laura enjoys to be alone sometimes.
Laura enjoys being alone sometimes.
9 I wouldn't like being in his shoes.
I wouldn't like to be in his shoes.
10 I don't mind to help.
I don't mind helping.

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