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HTML URL Encoding


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HTML Uniform Resource Locators


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A URL is another word for a web address. A URL can be composed of words, such as "w3schools.com", or an Internet Protocol (IP) address: 192.68.20.50. Most people enter the name of the website when surfing, because names are easier to remember than numbers.

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URL - Uniform Resource Locator


Web browsers request pages from web servers by using a URL. When you click on a link in an HTML page, an underlying <a> tag points to an address on the world wide web. A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is used to address a document (or other data) on the world wide web. A web address, like this: http://www.w3schools.com/html/default.asp follows these syntax rules:

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s c h e m e : / / h o s t . d o m a i n : p o r t / p a t h / f i l e n a m e
Explanation: scheme - defines the type of Internet service. The most common type is http host - defines the domain host (the default host for http is www) domain - defines the Internet domain name, like w3schools.com port - defines the port number at the host (the default port number for http is 80 ) path - defines a path at the server (If omitted, the document must be stored at the root directory of the web site) filename - defines the name of a document/resource

Common URL Schemes


The table below lists some common schemes: Scheme http https Short for.... HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure HyperText Transfer Protocol Which pages will the scheme be used for... Common web pages starts with http://. Not encrypted Secure web pages. All information exchanged are encrypted For downloading or uploading files to a website. Useful for domain maintenance A file on your computer

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ftp

File Transfer Protocol

file

URL Encoding
URLs can only be sent over the Internet using the ASCII character-set. Since URLs often contain characters outside the ASCII set, the URL has to be converted into a valid ASCII format. URL encoding converts characters into a format that can be transmitted over the Internet. URL encoding replaces non ASCII characters with a "%" followed by two hexadecimal digits. URLs cannot contain spaces. URL encoding normally replaces a space with a + sign.

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Try It Yourself
If you click the "Submit" button below, the browser will URL encode the input before it is sent to the server. A page at the server will display the received input. Hello Gnter Submit

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Try some other input and click Submit again.

URL Encoding Examples


Character URL-encoding %80 %A3 %A9 %AE

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HTML URL Encoding


%C0 %C1 %C2 %C3 %C4 %C5

For a complete reference of all URL encodings, visit our URL Encoding Reference.

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