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our ne plus recevolr la newsleLLer, adresser un message a ohp[cle-avocaLs.com
!"# %#&'() *+(,-!(.& supports the
1ou|ouse's fest|va| of Ind|an c|nema


!"#"-!"#$%$$&! #$%&'()#& *+,-.)

With an area of 45,348 km", Midi-Pyrenees is the largest of Metropolitan Frances 22 regions. It is
larger than Denmark or the Netherlands. To the south Midi-Pyrenees extends to the Pyrenees
Mountains, and borders Spain.
Welcome Lo Mldl-yrenees, SouLhwesL lrance
TOULOUSE is an hour from Paris by plane, and 390 km from Barcelona by car. Metropolitan
Toulouse has the highest growth rate in France. Midi-Pyrenees and Toulouse are regularly cited at
the top of the list in opinion polls for their attractiveness, vitality and the quality of life.

M|d|-yrenees, Irance's second most attract|ve reg|on
32,000 new residents arrive each year Third-ranked region in France for international
investments
Four competitiveness clusters, including a global one, and many industrial clusters in agri-
business, cosmetics, automotive, mechanical engineering, water treatment, sensors, ICT,
robotics, rail, etc.
M|d|-yrenees, a reg|on w|th a strong |nternat|ona| cu|ture
120,000 foreign residents, International educational establishments welcome children of
expatriates,
34 consulates or consular representations, Over 400 foreign companies employing nearly
60,000 people.
Ma[or |ndustr|es
Aeronautics and Space (More than 68,000 jobs)
o Home to the global headquarters of EADS, Airbus, ATR, Daher-Socata
o Aerospace Valley, the World Competitiveness Cluster in Aeronautics, Space,
Embedded Systems, linking the Midi-Pyrenees & Aquitaine regions
O WORLD LEADER IN CIVIL AERONAUTICS
o European market leader in the design and manufacture of space systems and their
applications with the big names in space : CNES (French Space Agency), EADS
Astrium, Thales Alenia Space.
Information and Communication Technologies (More than 34,000 jobs)
o The development of the aeronautics and space industries has stimulated growth in
computer science, electronics and telecommunications in Midi-Pyrenees. Today,
the region is a major player in France for ICT development
o The leading French region for software publication, computer programming, the
manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment
Agribusiness (25,000 jobs (more than 80,000 including agriculture)
o Leaders such as 3A Coop, Andros, Socit des Caves & Producteurs Runis de
Roquefort
o 3 major sectors : agro-industries, in particular milk, meat, fruit and vegetables,
agri-business supplies and non-food agricultural products
o The Agrimip Sud-Ouest Innovation competitive cluster, As an indication of the
importance of agriculture in southwest France, and its quality, the region is the
leader in France for its production complying with quality labels, guaranteed
origins and organic agriculture areas.
Health (Over 10,000 jobs)
o Companies such as Mrial, Pierre Fabre, Sanofi, Nutrition & Sant - Cancer-Bio-
Health competitiveness cluster
o A region conducive to the development of future health services, at the crossroads
of expertise in aeronautics, space, ICT, agri-business and biotechnology.
1he n|ghest roport|on of kesearch |n Irance - A h|gh |eve| of qua||f|cat|on
Leading French region and the eighth in Europe for the intensity of research (R & D
expenditures/GDP)
Leading French region for the number of researchers in the overall job pool
4 Universities, 16 prestigious engineering schools and higher education establishments
116,900 students Second in France for the number of degrees awarded each year,

More lnformaLlons : Mlul-?8LnLLS LxAnSlCn, Lhe teqloool Jevelopmeot oqeocy, creaLed and funded by
Lhe 8eglonal Mldl-yrenees Councll, provldes free, confldenLlal advlce, and offers you personallzed
supporL. ConLacL by emall : mpe[mldlpyr.com


cl tseoo Jovocots : your a||y
for |nnovat|on and growth

One of the greatest asset of our network is our cross
competences and so our complementarity; these latter are completed
with a large number of teams working together and partnerships in
France and abroad as well as universities.
The Network:
- Is based in Paris, Toulouse and Marseille (next steps are firms
in Lyon and Lille by the end of the year)
- Is the French correspondent of the Indian firm SPAB & Co
(Bangalore, Chennai, Cochin), member of Law Asia
(www.lawasia.com)
- Is composed of independent professionals with the same
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defending and protecting the interests of our clients. Each
partner has a specific and established competence in his area
and the firm offers its services to local authorities, companies,
associations and foundations and of course to any individuals.
- Gives advice, represents or assists our clients in the
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competences. Moreover its members participate in
professional trainings and organise recognised training
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Contact us : par|sQc|e-avocats.com


Lettres indiennes
!" $%&'(%))%* +,INDIANDLSk - ./ 0 - 0
%*
)*12%')*% 3405 - 6789:;9 - vetsloo ftooolse

CUkUCI INVLS1Ik LN INDL ?
A la question Pourquoi faut-il tre prsent en Inde ? , UBIFRANCE rpond
parce que cest
< un important foyer de peuplement,
< une rserve de consommateurs encore largement sous-exploite (plus de
300 millions de consommateurs jeunes et solvables),
< un cadre politique stable,
< un risque scuritaire matris,
< un systme juridique indpendant,
< un cadre rglementaire favorable lexercice dune activit commerciale
< une conomie en plein essor ncessitant des investissements
(infrastructures de transports, de rseaux, de distribution) mais permettant
galement des solution ad hoc adapte une chelle locale.

A ces arguments objectifs, on peut ajouter un argument gopolitique: en
participant au dveloppement de lInde, on associe dveloppement conomique
et soutien la dmocratie, on contribue affermir un Etat lac, ce qui est de plus
en plus rare, qui pourra devenir un alli de poids dans le monde en devenir. Pour
le dire simplement, en aidant lInde, on saide, on prpare aussi notre avenir.
Cela paratre une vue de lesprit ou un horizon temporel lointain, mais dans les
vingt annes qui viennent, le monde va changer de la mme manire quil avait
chang entre 1900 et 1920.

Parier sur lInde, cest faire le pari que les forces dmocratiques
lemporteront sur les forces obscures qui peuvent (re)natre en situation de crise
majeure. Car la dmocratie en Inde nest pas une importation anglaise ou une
transplantation coloniale. Si lon en croit Amartya Sen (in Inde : histoire, culture et
identit, Odile Jacob, 2007), dj dans les Vdas, les germes de la dmocratie sont
luvre : respect dautrui, dialogue, rle modrateur de la raison. LInde nest-
elle pas lun des rares pays concilier enracinement dans la tradition et
volution, diversit et unit ?


L o la Chine peut paratre comme une locomotive chauffe blanc,
cherchant se venger des humiliations passes, affichant de plus en plus
arrogance et volont hgmonique, lInde peut tre considre comme un alli
qui ne cherche pas imposer une vue monolithique, dogmatique de la socit.

A un horizon historique (30 50 ans), la question dune alliance
internationale se posera dans les termes suivants : lEurope accepte-t-elle dtre
infode la Chine ou nest-il pas prfrable dtre le partenaire dune Inde
puissance ? Cest pour anticiper sur cette situation, quil est propos de nouer des
liens intimes entre lInde et lEurope. Ces liens doivent tre les doux liens du
Commerce, vants par Montesquieu, et senraciner dans le riche terreau de
rgions la culture colore.

Investir en Inde, dcouvrir ses potentialits, nouer des
partenariats, cest prendre un train davance dans le monde qui
vient.
INDIANDLSk : UN NCUVLAU Ak1LNAkIA1
Cest un nouveau service propos par cL rseau davocats linitiative de Me Christophe
LEGUEVAQUES, avocat au barreau de Paris, docteur en droit
(https://www.academia.edu/3574977/CV_Christophe_Leguevaques_2013_).
Auteur dun ouvrage publi en 2011 et intitul VADE MECUM INDIA
(https://www.academia.edu/3572931/Vademecum_INDIA), il milite pour un rapprochement
conomique et culturel entre la France et lInde. Cest la raison pour laquelle, lambassadeur dInde
en France est venu dcouvrir lconomie de la rgion Midi-Pyrnes
(http://www.objectifnews.com/node/7480).
Me Christophe LEGUEVAQUES a confi un jeune avocat bilingue anglais, Me Olivier
HIRTZLIN-PINON, la responsabilit douvrir un bureau indien (INDIANDESK) destin
accompagner les entreprises franaises dans leurs dveloppements avec lInde et
accueillir les entreprises indiennes dans leur volont dinvestir en France et en
Europe.
Pour cela, INDIANDESK sappuiera sur les ressources humaines et les comptences de cL
rseau davocats qui offre une vaste tendue de comptence aux services des entreprises.

Diversit, couleurs, exubrance, jeunesse, le visage de lInde

Il y a dnormes possibilits pour les entreprises
franaises en Inde. LInde va investir 1.000 milliards de $ en cinq ans : il y a
plein dopportunits pour les trains grande vitesse, les mtros, le transport arien et
les aroports, la cration de villes nouvelles, la fourniture deau, le traitement des
dchets, les autoroutes, les nergies renouvelables et la dveloppement durable. Nous
attendons de la France des technologies dans tous ces domaines .
Chandrajit BANERJE,
DG de la Confederation of Indian Industry (Medef indien)

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!"# %#&'() *+(,-!(.& sout|ent |e fest|va|
des c|nmas |nd|ens de 1ou|ouse


!"# %#&'() *+(,-!(.& : au serv|ce des entrepr|ses,
de |'|nnovat|on et de |a cro|ssance

Lun des plus grands atouts de cL rseau davocats rside dans la transversalit et la
complmentarit des quipes et des partenariats avec dautres professionnels en France ou
ltranger ainsi quavec dminents reprsentants du monde universitaire. cL rseau
davocats
est prsent Paris, Toulouse et Marseille (des pourparlers sont en cours avec
des cabinets Lyon et Lille)
est le correspondant du cabinet indien SPAB & Co (prsent Bangalore,
Chennai et Cochin, membre du Law Asia, http://www.lawasia.com/)
regroupe des professionnels indpendants associs par une mme thique,
une mme exigence et une mme volont de dfendre et protger les intrts
de leurs clients. Chaque associ a su dvelopper une comptence reconnue
dans son domaine et le cabinet propose ses services aussi bien aux
collectivits locales quaux entreprises, aux associations quaux particuliers.
intervient aussi bien en conseil, quen assistance ou reprsentation devant les
juridictions ou dans le cadre des modes alternatifs de rsolution des conflits
(arbitrage, notamment).
assure galement une veille juridique dans ses domaines de comptences et
ses membres participent et animent activement des formations reconnues
(colloques, confrences, formation professionnelle ad hoc ou la
carte ).
NCS DCMAINLS D'LkLk1ISL
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L'INDL : UNL CSI1ICN GLCS1kA1LGIUL

LInde est plus que jamais au carrefour entre lOccident vieillissant et lOrient
ascendant. De plus, lInde sintresse galement depuis peu lAfrique, ne serait ce quen
raison de sa richesse en matires premires.
Comme toute puissance se voulant dominante (mais le veut-elle, dj ?), lInde
commence concentrer entre ses mains le pouvoir financier, industriel et culturel. Elle
constitue une force militaire et se fait connatre sur la scne diplomatique, en prenant des
positions indites qui surprennent les acteurs du monde ancien.
Le soft-power indien (avec lattrait pour son cinma mais aussi lnergie de sa
littrature ou des arts plastiques mlangeant dans un syncrtisme foisonnant tradition et
post-modernit) se trouve renforcer par sa diaspora prsente sur tous les continents. Lieu
de rencontre, dchanges et de fusions culturelles, voire cultuelles, lInde est galement
traverse par des sursauts nationalistes et sectaires.
Si elle arrive rester connecte avec le monde et prserver sa dmocratie, tout
en russissant son envol conomique, elle peut devenir la superpuissance du 21
me
sicle
au nom de la devise shivaste Tout est un .

Sources : Philippe Cadne, Atlas de lInde, Autrement, 2008
3 CCNSLILS CUk INVLS1Ik LN INDL
1. trouver un partenaire sa taille et partageant un projet
commun de dveloppement
2. prendre son temps et ne pas tre trop press
3. penser consulter les experts spcialiss (RH, juridique,
financier, ingnierie, ) pour viter des dconvenues
culturelles et, termes, conomiques et financires.


On vient aussi ici pour avoir des partenaires stratgiques
et tablir un dialogue de confiance. Mais, ce serait une erreur de
reporter sur lInde le modle de projection conomique quon a
connu sur la Chine au dbut des annes 80. LInde est un vivier
technologique. Nos entreprises trouvent en Inde toutes les
ressources dont elles ont besoin pour sexporter et conqurir les
marchs locaux. Le pays ne manque pas non plus de capitaux
propres. Sil fallait rsumer cela dans une formule un peu choc, je
dirais que lInde na pas besoin de nous, mais que
nous avons beaucoup y faire ! Il faut venir en Inde
avec lenvie de faire quelque chose avec les Indiens, et ne surtout
pas attendre quils vous le qumandent. La qualit des relations
individuelles est essentielle au succs.
Pierre FOURNIER,
Consul Gnral de France Chennai (ex. Madras)


CUk LN SAVCIk LUS
Jean-Joseph Boillot est un expert reconnu de
lInde moderne. Ce professeur dconomies a pass plus de cinq annes
New Delhi la mission conomique. Il est le crateur de EEIBG et lauteur
de nombreux livres, notamment Economie de lInde (Ed La
Dcouverte). Son livre, KAL, plonge le lecteur occidental dans la ralit de
lInde contemporaine. La culture de ce pays dun milliard et demi
dhabitants, dont plus de la moiti a moins de 25 ans, est faite de contrastes
vertigineux dimages, de sons et de milieux (Satyajit Ray). Les 85 entres de
labcdaire sont autant de portes qui donnent accs ce patchwork o se
ctoient lancien et le moderne : on y trouve tout ce qui constitue le quotidien
des Indiens daujourdhui, de la vie la plus concrte (la place du tlphone
portable, de la voiture ou des nouvelles technologies) aux biens culturels (les
stars du cinma de Bollywood, les chansons populaires, les nouveaux
crivains engags), en passant par les maux les plus tabous dune socit en
pleine mutation (lalcool, la drogue ou la prostitution).


Lettres indiennes
INDIANDLSk's newsleLLer - n 1 - 1
sL
CuarLer 2014 - l8LL - oqllsb vetsloo

Wn INVLS1 IN IkANCL ?

Despite being often presented in the Anglo-Saxon press as a
country in decline, France is among the most integrated and most
invested industrialized countries in globalization.
A nation of tradition and technological innovation, France
remains a major agricultural country with an impressive industrial know-
how and innovative spirit which has enabled it to solidify its place at the
forefront of the race between globalized economies.
As a rich country and enterprising country, France, like India,
has an inclusive economy. This is why in France, as in India, family firms
have a vital role in economic development.
In addition, in our two nations the role of the state is strategic in
limiting excessive specialization and maintaining a wide range of
industrial sectors.
In the words of the French president in his interview with The
Times of India (February 13, 2013) : Indians will find in France the best
technology, a high level of infrastructure, a workforce of exceptional
quality and, whats more, in the heart of the largest economy in the world
: that of Europe.
Last, beyond the strictly economic and financial aspects, France
remains a country where life is good.
So come discover France. You will not be disappointed!

IkANCL - INDIA : A LCVL AIIAIk ?
France is now home to nearly 100 Indian companies.
NDIAN CCMANILS IN IkANCL - There are nearly 100 Indian companies doing
business in France, employing over 5,600 people. The number of new job-
creating investment projects was unchanged in 2011, with 12 new projects that
will generate 188 jobs. In 2011, India was the 13th largest foreign investor in
France by project numbers. Half of all Indian investment projects were in the
software and IT services sector. Indian companies prioritized site creations in
2011, which accounted for over 83% of projects.
IkANCL AS A kLCIILN1 CI INDIAN INVLS1MLN1 IN LUkCL - In 2011, France
was the third largest recipient of job-creating investment from India, receiving
11% of Indian projects in Europe. The top recipients of Indian investments were
the United Kingdom (38%) and Germany (19%).
SLLLC1LD INVLS1MLN1 kCILC1S IN 2011 : ONMOBILE, GLOBAL LTD,
GEOMETRIC LTD, ITC INFOTECH INDIA LTD

About Aerospace |n Irance
Largest export industry in France (77% of sales, with 70% of the
workforce located in France)
Largest trade surplus (!18 billion)
Substantial investments in production and R&D (17% of sales)
13,000 newly hired employees in 2011 and a 3.2% increase in the total
workforce (162,000 people)
2011 results confirm the recovery that began in 2010
2011 comparable sales increased by 3.3% to !38.5 billion, with !23.5
million in exports and driven by the civil sector, which represents 72%
of the total
Space activity remained stable at !4 billion in sales; the commercial
sector represents 60% of sales
More than 50% of European space industry sales
Lqu|pment manufacturers represent:
!11.4 billion in sales, an increase of 13.8%
!14.3 billion in orders (!6.3 billion from exports), an increase of 20.5%,
87% from the civilian market

More lnformaLlon ln : hLLp://www.sayoulLofrance-lnnovaLlon.com/
INDIANDLSk : A NLW Ak1NLkSnI
This is a new service offered by cL rseau davocats, due to M. C. Lguevaques, lawyer at
Paris and Ph. D (https://www.academia.edu/3574977/CV_Christophe_Leguevaques_2013_).
In 2011, he published a VADE MECUM INDIA,
(https://www.academia.edu/3572931/Vademecum_INDIA),. His work aims at bringing closer
France and India, both economically and culturally. According to this target, His Excellency the
Ambassador of India in France visited the Midi-Pyrnes area last year to discover its economy and
the fact this Rgion is not only devoted to aircraft industry
(http://www.objectifnews.com/node/7480). Indeed, Midi-Pyrnes is a leader in agriculture, water
treatment and the pharmaceutical sector too.
M. C. Lguevaques has given the management of the Desk to an English-speaking junior
lawyer, Olivier Hirtzlin-Pinon. The Desk is dedicated to help the French firms in their settlement
and/or development in India and vice-versa for the Indian firms interested in doing business in
France.
In that purpose, INDIANDESK will use the skills and competences of the different
partners of the cL rseau davocats.

1be Mllloo btlJqe, oo exomple of tbe lteocb looovotloo fot oll

Attractiveness is a signal of confidence and a pride for our
country. We have no fear of investments coming to France,
we do not want to protect ourselves, we do not have a narrow
conception of our national interest
that is a part of the success of a country.
President Francois Hollande
Strategic Council for Attractiveness (17 February 2014)
IkANCL CIILkS 1nL 8LS1 kLSLAkCn 1Ak CkLDI1 IN LUkCL

! Covers 30% of all R&D costs up to !100 million, and 5% above this threshold. As
of 2013, innovation expenses incurred by SMEs are also eligible for the research tax credit (up to
!80,000 of tax credit a year).
! Frances research tax credit is also a powerful incentive for research partnerships, as all
expenditure contracted out to public-sector bodies is double-counted, thereby effectively
doubling the research tax credit. Salaries paid to junior final-year doctoral and post-
doctoral research personnel on their first permanent contract are quadruple-counted when
calculating the research tax credit for two years.
! The research tax credit and innovative new company (JEI) schemes have been fixed for five
years to provide businesses with visibility and legal security.
! Frances public investment bank, bpifrance, offers two solutions to promote the use of the
research tax credit by micro-enterprises and SMEs, by guaranteeing and pre-financing the
research tax credit.
! More than 15,000 businesses have received the research tax credit, declaring !18.39
billion of research expenditure in 2011. Total tax relief for research tax credit recipients amounts
to !5.17 billion.
! France is ranked first in Europe for corporate tax rates on R&D operations, taking
into account tax bases, depreciation allowances, tax exemptions and tax credits. (Source: KPMG,
Competitive Alternatives, 2012)
! France was ranked sixth in the world in 2013 for the average cost of employing a
researcher once tax incentives are taken into account, with lower costs than in the United
States, Japan and and Germany. (Source: French National Association for Technical Research) 2013