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CHAPTER 1: LANDSCAPE ELEMENTS ....................................................................

5
Landscape elements ......................................................................................................... 5
Rock formations .............................................................................................................. 6
Rock formations 01 ......................................................................................................... 7
Vajra-rock promontories, rock stacks and Mt Meru ........................................................ 8
Vajra-rock promontories and cliff faces ........................................................................... 9
Various landscape elements ........................................................................................... 10
Foliage around rock formations ..................................................................................... 11
Simulacra forms in landscape ........................................................................................ 12
Stylistic representations of water ................................................................................... 13
Turbulent water ............................................................................................................. 14
Waterfalls ....................................................................................................................... 15
Flame formations ........................................................................................................... 16
Flame formations 01 ...................................................................................................... 17
Flame formations, haloes and aureoles .......................................................................... 18
Flame aureoles and haloes ............................................................................................. 19
Symmetrical flame aureoles as mountains of fire ....................................................... 20
Makara-tail aureoles as rosaries of light ..................................................................... 20
Cumulus and cirrus cloud formations ............................................................................ 21
Cumulus, cloud streets and mares-tail clouds .............................................................. 22
Mares-tail and swirling cirrus clouds ........................................................................... 23
Cloud formations, horizontal cloudbanks and cloud streets .......................................... 24
Cloud formations in mountainous landscapes ............................................................... 25
Cloud thrones ................................................................................................................ 26
Rainbow phenomena ..................................................................................................... 27
CHAPTER 2: FLOWERS AND TREES ...................................................................... 28
Lotuses and water lilies ................................................................................................. 28
Lotus thrones ................................................................................................................. 29
Lotus thrones 01 ............................................................................................................ 30
Stylised peony and chrysanthemum blossoms ............................................................... 31
Flowers, buds and leaves ............................................................................................... 32
Compostion of flowers, buds, fruit and leaves .............................................................. 33
Flower buds ................................................................................................................... 34
Leaves ............................................................................................................................ 35
Various trees (willow, mango, aloewood, etc.) .............................................................. 36
Various trees 01 (fig, peach, sandalwood, etc.).............................................................. 37
Various trees 02 (cypress, fig, peony, bamboo, etc.) ...................................................... 38
Various trees 03 (palm, banana, plantain, peony, etc.) ................................................... 39
Various trees 04 (mango, sandalwood, fig, pine, etc) .................................................... 39
Entwining trees, leaf and flower roundels ..................................................................... 40
Stylised leaf and fruit clusters........................................................................................ 41
CHAPTER 3: ANIMALS .............................................................................................. 42
The windhorse and the 4 supernatural creatures............................................................ 42
Dragons ......................................................................................................................... 43
The garuda ..................................................................................................................... 44
The makara .................................................................................................................... 45
Kirtimukha, the face of glory ......................................................................................... 45
The nagas ....................................................................................................................... 45
The three victorious creatures of harmony .................................................................... 46
Various domestic and wild animals ............................................................................... 47
Animal heads ................................................................................................................. 48
Tiger, leopard, snow-lion and horse............................................................................... 49
Elephants ....................................................................................................................... 50
Deer ............................................................................................................................... 51

Birds .............................................................................................................................. 52
Water birds ..................................................................................................................... 53
The six-ornament throne of enlightenment ................................................................... 54
CHAPTER 4: NARRATIVE ILLUSTRATIONS .......................................................... 55
The four friends ............................................................................................................. 55
Shou-lao (symbols of longevity) & the Four Friends .................................................... 56
The six symbols of longevity (in Tibetan style) ............................................................. 57
Diagram of shamatha meditation practice ..................................................................... 58
CHAPTER 5: COSMOLOGY ...................................................................................... 59
Cosmology of Mt Meru ................................................................................................. 59
The Mt Meru mandala offering ..................................................................................... 60
The thirty-seven heaps of the mandala offering ............................................................ 61
The Tibetan astrological diagram .................................................................................. 62
Astrological symbols ..................................................................................................... 63
The all-powerful syllables of the Kalachakra ................................................................ 64
Variations of Kalachakras all-powerful syllables.......................................................... 65
The eight great stupas .................................................................................................... 66
Construction grid of the enlightenment stupa ................................................................ 67
The Buddha image and the stupa ................................................................................... 68
The Hindu Kundalini-yoga, chakra system ................................................................... 69
The Buddhist channel-wheel system ............................................................................. 70
CHAPTER 6: MUDRAS............................................................................................... 71
Mudras made by combining both hands ........................................................................ 71
Single hand mudras ....................................................................................................... 72
Hands holding ritual implements ................................................................................... 73
Footprints, handprints and foot postures ....................................................................... 74
CHAPTER 7: THE CHAKRAVARTIN AND HIS SEVEN PRECIOUS
POSSESSIONS ............................................................................................................. 75
The seven precious possessions ..................................................................................... 75
The seven precious possessions 01 ................................................................................ 76
The seven secondary possessions and insignias ............................................................ 77
Jewel heaps and the seven insignia ................................................................................ 78
CHAPTER 8: AUSPICIOUS SYMBOLS ..................................................................... 79
The eight auspicious symbols ........................................................................................ 79
The eight auspicious symbols 01 ................................................................................... 80
Variations on the eight auspicious symbols ................................................................... 81
The parasol or umbrella ................................................................................................. 82
The victory banner ......................................................................................................... 83
Treasure vases, pennants, banners and flags .................................................................. 84
The conch shell .............................................................................................................. 85
The golden wheel .......................................................................................................... 86
The wheel and deer emblem .......................................................................................... 86
The eight auspicious substances .................................................................................... 87
Offering bowls with eight auspicious substances .......................................................... 88
The peaceful offering of the five senses ........................................................................ 89
Offering of sight - the mirror ......................................................................................... 90
Offering of sound - musical instruments ....................................................................... 91
Offerings of touch - taste and smell ............................................................................... 92

CHAPTER 9: VARIOUS PEACEFUL OFFERINGS, JEWELS


AND RITUAL IMPLEMENTS..................................................................................... 93
The seven offering bowls ............................................................................................... 93
Alms bowls, offering bowls and vases .......................................................................... 94
Jewels and gemstones .................................................................................................... 95
Gzi stones ...................................................................................................................... 96
The Buddhist rosary ...................................................................................................... 97
Rudrakasha beads .......................................................................................................... 97
Plant and grain attributes ............................................................................................... 97
Ritual vases and assorted ritual implements .................................................................. 98
Assorted ritual implements ............................................................................................ 99
The possessions of an ordained monk ......................................................................... 100
Monastic and ceremonial musical instruments ............................................................ 100
Peaceful offerings and ritual objects ............................................................................ 101
CHAPTER :10: THE WHEEL OF SHARP WEAPONS ............................................ 102
The nine-pronged vajra................................................................................................ 102
The various forms of the vajra ..................................................................................... 103
Vajras, crossed-vajras and vajra-chains ....................................................................... 104
The vishvavajra ........................................................................................................... 105
The vishvavajra 01 ...................................................................................................... 106
The ritual bell .............................................................................................................. 107
The ritual dagger.......................................................................................................... 107
The khatvanga or tantric staff ...................................................................................... 108
The khatvanga or tantric staff 01 ................................................................................. 109
The hand drum and the thigh-bone trumpet ................................................................ 110
The curved-knife and chopper ..................................................................................... 111
The skull-cup ............................................................................................................... 112
The bow ....................................................................................................................... 113
Arrows, divination arrows and mirrors ........................................................................ 114
Flower bows and arrows .............................................................................................. 115
Various swords............................................................................................................. 116
The trident pike, caduceus, dart, water-knife etc. ........................................................ 117
The spear or lance ........................................................................................................ 118
The trident ................................................................................................................... 119
Tally-sticks, clubs, skull-topped clubs, etc. ................................................................. 120
Maces, clubs, forked-sticks, ploughs, etc. ................................................................... 121
Skeletons and skeleton-clubs, etc. ............................................................................... 122
Snares and iron chains ................................................................................................. 123
The shield, discus or chakra, etc. ................................................................................. 124
Axes, iron hooks and elephant goads .......................................................................... 125
Miscellaneous ritual implements and weapons ........................................................... 126
The five magical weapons of Palden Lhamo, etc. ....................................................... 127
CHAPTER 11: WRATHFUL OFFERINGS, TORMAS,
AND RITUAL FIRE HEARTHS ................................................................................ 128
Dismembered body parts, etc. ...................................................................................... 128
Flayed skin friezes, carrion birds, corpses etc. ............................................................ 129
Tiger and leopardskin dhotis, etc. ................................................................................ 130
Skulls and skull offerings ............................................................................................ 131
Thread crosses, tormas, ransom offerings .................................................................... 132
The wrathful offering of the five senses ...................................................................... 133
The inner offering ........................................................................................................ 134
An assembly of weapons and wrathful offerings ......................................................... 135
Designs for the homa fire hearths employed in rituals of pacification and increase .... 136

Designs for the homa fire hearths employed in rituals of subjugation


and wrathful activity .................................................................................................... 137
A variation of the square hearth design ....................................................................... 138
CHAPTER 12: GEOMETRIC BORDERS, PATTERNS, DESIGNS AND MOTIFS 139
Composite Chinese pictograph .................................................................................... 139
Geometric border designs ............................................................................................ 139
Meander and endless knot designs .............................................................................. 140
Borders of interlocking chains, knots, squares and swastikas ..................................... 141
Repeating knot and swastika patterns and borders ...................................................... 142
Repeating swastika borders and patterns ..................................................................... 143
Endlessly repeating swastika patterns .......................................................................... 144
Repeating swastika patterns ......................................................................................... 145
Knots and border designs ............................................................................................ 146
Swastika and endless knot borders .............................................................................. 147
Endless knots ............................................................................................................... 148
Endless knots 01 .......................................................................................................... 149
Knots, juii symbols and syllables ............................................................................... 150
Chinese shou or longevity symbols ............................................................................. 151
Various Chinese symbols and trigrams ........................................................................ 152
Armour and chain-mail designs ................................................................................... 153
Border designs and linear brocade patterns ................................................................. 154
Geometric border designs 01 ....................................................................................... 155
Brocade pattern designs ............................................................................................... 156
Makara-tail scrolls and crests ...................................................................................... 157
Repeating lotus or peony flower designs ..................................................................... 158
Repeating vajra and lotus designs ............................................................................... 159
Repeating vajra and bell upon lotus designs ................................................................ 160
Repeating sword and book upon a lotus ...................................................................... 161
Old Book - Image 01 ................................................................................................... 162
Old Book - Image 02 ................................................................................................... 162
Old Book - Image 03 ................................................................................................... 163
Old Book - Image 04 ................................................................................................... 164
Old Book - Image 05 ................................................................................................... 165
Old Book - Image 06 ................................................................................................... 166
Old Book - Image 07 ................................................................................................... 167
Old Book - Image 08 ................................................................................................... 168
Old Book - Image 09 ................................................................................................... 169
Old Book - Image 10 ................................................................................................... 170
Old Book - Image 11 ................................................................................................... 171
Old Book - Image 12 ................................................................................................... 172
Old Book - Image 13 ................................................................................................... 173
Old Book - Image 14 ................................................................................................... 174
Old Book - Image 15 ................................................................................................... 175
Old Book - Image 16 ................................................................................................... 176
Old Book - Image 17 ................................................................................................... 177
Old Book - Image 18 ................................................................................................... 178
Old Book - Image 19 ................................................................................................... 179
Old Book - Image 20 ................................................................................................... 180
Old Book - Image 21 ................................................................................................... 181
Old Book - Image 22 ................................................................................................... 182
Old Book - Image 23 ................................................................................................... 183
Old Book - Image 24 ................................................................................................... 184
Old Book - Image 25 ................................................................................................... 185
Old Book - Image 26 ................................................................................................... 186
Old Book - Image 27 ................................................................................................... 187

CHAPTER 1: LANDSCAPE ELEMENTS


Landscape elements

Rock formations

Rock formations 01

Vajra-rock promontories, rock stacks and Mt Meru

Vajra-rock promontories and cliff faces

Various landscape elements

Foliage around rock formations

Simulacra forms in landscape

Stylistic representations of water

Turbulent water

Waterfalls

Flame formations

Flame formations 01

Flame formations, haloes and aureoles

Flame aureoles and haloes

Symmetrical flame aureoles as mountains of fire

Makara-tail aureoles as rosaries of light

Cumulus and cirrus cloud formations

Cumulus, cloud streets and mares-tail clouds

Mares-tail and swirling cirrus clouds

Cloud formations, horizontal cloudbanks and cloud streets

Cloud formations in mountainous landscapes

Cloud thrones

Rainbow phenomena

CHAPTER 2: FLOWERS AND TREES


Lotuses and water lilies

Lotus thrones

Lotus thrones 01

Stylised peony and chrysanthemum blossoms

Flowers, buds and leaves

Compostion of flowers, buds, fruit and leaves

Flower buds

Leaves

Various trees (willow, mango, aloewood, etc.)

Various trees 01 (fig, peach, sandalwood, etc.)

Various trees 02 (cypress, fig, peony, bamboo, etc.)

Various trees 03 (palm, banana, plantain, peony, etc.)

Various trees 04 (mango, sandalwood, fig, pine, etc)

Entwining trees, leaf and flower roundels

Stylised leaf and fruit clusters

CHAPTER 3: ANIMALS
The windhorse and the 4 supernatural creatures

Dragons

The garuda

The makara

Kirtimukha, the face of glory

The nagas

The three victorious creatures of harmony

Various domestic and wild animals

Animal heads

Tiger, leopard, snow-lion and horse

Elephants

Deer

Birds

Water birds

The six-ornament throne of enlightenment

CHAPTER 4: NARRATIVE ILLUSTRATIONS


The four friends

Shou-lao (symbols of longevity) & the Four Friends

The six symbols of longevity (in Tibetan style)

Diagram of shamatha meditation practice

CHAPTER 5: COSMOLOGY
Cosmology of Mt Meru

The Mt Meru mandala offering

The thirty-seven heaps of the mandala offering

The Tibetan astrological diagram

Astrological symbols

The all-powerful syllables of the Kalachakra

Variations of Kalachakras all-powerful syllables

The eight great stupas

Construction grid of the enlightenment stupa

The Buddha image and the stupa

The Hindu Kundalini-yoga, chakra system

The Buddhist channel-wheel system

CHAPTER 6: MUDRAS
Mudras made by combining both hands

Single hand mudras

Hands holding ritual implements

Footprints, handprints and foot postures

CHAPTER 7: THE CHAKRAVARTIN AND HIS SEVEN


PRECIOUS POSSESSIONS
The seven precious possessions

The seven precious possessions 01

The seven secondary possessions and insignias

Jewel heaps and the seven insignia

CHAPTER 8: AUSPICIOUS SYMBOLS


The eight auspicious symbols

The eight auspicious symbols 01

Variations on the eight auspicious symbols

The parasol or umbrella

The victory banner

Treasure vases, pennants, banners and flags

The conch shell

The golden wheel

The wheel and deer emblem

The eight auspicious substances

Offering bowls with eight auspicious substances

The peaceful offering of the five senses

Offering of sight - the mirror

Offering of sound - musical instruments

Offerings of touch - taste and smell

CHAPTER 9: VARIOUS PEACEFUL OFFERINGS, JEWELS


AND RITUAL IMPLEMENTS

The seven offering bowls

Alms bowls, offering bowls and vases

Jewels and gemstones

Gzi stones

The Buddhist rosary

Rudrakasha beads

Plant and grain attributes

Ritual vases and assorted ritual implements

Assorted ritual implements

The possessions of an ordained monk

Monastic and ceremonial musical instruments

Peaceful offerings and ritual objects

CHAPTER :10: THE WHEEL OF SHARP WEAPONS


The nine-pronged vajra

The various forms of the vajra

Vajras, crossed-vajras and vajra-chains

The vishvavajra

The vishvavajra 01

The ritual bell

The ritual dagger

The khatvanga or tantric staff

The khatvanga or tantric staff 01

The hand drum and the thigh-bone trumpet

The curved-knife and chopper

The skull-cup

The bow

Arrows, divination arrows and mirrors

Flower bows and arrows

Various swords

The trident pike, caduceus, dart, water-knife etc.

The spear or lance

The trident

Tally-sticks, clubs, skull-topped clubs, etc.

Maces, clubs, forked-sticks, ploughs, etc.

Skeletons and skeleton-clubs, etc.

Snares and iron chains

The shield, discus or chakra, etc.

Axes, iron hooks and elephant goads

Miscellaneous ritual implements and weapons

The five magical weapons of Palden Lhamo, etc.

CHAPTER 11: WRATHFUL OFFERINGS, TORMAS,


AND RITUAL FIRE HEARTHS
Dismembered body parts, etc.

Flayed skin friezes, carrion birds, corpses etc.

Tiger and leopardskin dhotis, etc.

Skulls and skull offerings

Thread crosses, tormas, ransom offerings

The wrathful offering of the five senses

The inner offering

An assembly of weapons and wrathful offerings

Designs for the homa fire hearths employed in rituals of pacification and increase

Designs for the homa fire hearths employed in rituals of subjugation


and wrathful activity

A variation of the square hearth design

CHAPTER 12: GEOMETRIC BORDERS, PATTERNS, DESIGNS AND MOTIFS


Composite Chinese pictograph

Geometric border designs

Meander and endless knot designs

Borders of interlocking chains, knots, squares and swastikas

Repeating knot and swastika patterns and borders

Repeating swastika borders and patterns

Endlessly repeating swastika patterns

Repeating swastika patterns

Knots and border designs

Swastika and endless knot borders

Endless knots

Endless knots 01

Knots, juii symbols and syllables

Chinese shou or longevity symbols

Various Chinese symbols and trigrams

Armour and chain-mail designs

Border designs and linear brocade patterns

Geometric border designs 01

Brocade pattern designs

Makara-tail scrolls and crests

Repeating lotus or peony flower designs

Repeating vajra and lotus designs

Repeating vajra and bell upon lotus designs

Repeating sword and book upon a lotus

Old Book - Image 01

Old Book - Image 02

Old Book - Image 03

Old Book - Image 04

Old Book - Image 05

Old Book - Image 06

Old Book - Image 07

Old Book - Image 08

Old Book - Image 09

Old Book - Image 10

Old Book - Image 11

Old Book - Image 12

Old Book - Image 13

Old Book - Image 14

Old Book - Image 15

Old Book - Image 16

Old Book - Image 17

Old Book - Image 18

Old Book - Image 19

Old Book - Image 20

Old Book - Image 21

Old Book - Image 22

Old Book - Image 23

Old Book - Image 24

Old Book - Image 25

Old Book - Image 26

Old Book - Image 27