List of emerging technologies

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List of emerging technologies
In the history of technology, the following list of emerging technologies, the character of which comprise cutting-edge developments,[1] represent contemporary advances and innovation around the 21st century in various fields of technology. Emerging technologies are those technical innovations which represent progressive developments within a field for competitive advantage.[2] However, the opinion on the degree of impact, status, and economic viability of several emerging technologies vary. There is an ongoing public policy debate over many emerging technologies and their implications for society.

Energy technologies
Emerging Technology Nuclear fusion power Status Potentially Marginalized Technologies Fossil fuels, renewable energy, nuclear fission power Fossil fuels Potential Applications Related Articles

Theory and experiments

Electric power generation

Biofuels

Diffusion

Energy storage, particularly for transportation Storage of energy

Issues relating to biofuels

Hydrogen economy

Diffusion (of hydrogen fuel cells); Theory and experiments for less expensive production of hydrogen Working prototypes

Other technologies for storing energy (conventional batteries, fossil fuels)

Nanowire battery

Other technologies for storing energy (hydrogen, conventional batteries and in some cases fossil fuels) conventional batteries

Laptops, mobile phones and long-range electric cars. Storing power for electric grid Regenerative braking; generally faster-charging, longer lasting, more flexible, and/or greener energy storage Wireless energy transfer

Ultracapacitor

Diffusion and continued development

WiTricity

Working prototypes

Batteries

Transportation
Emerging Technology Status Potentially Marginalized Technologies Internal combustion engine Potential Applications Related Articles

Electric cars

Small scale production, infrastructure investment

Greener transportation

Tesla Motors, Better Place, Riversimple

List of emerging technologies

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Working prototypes (and models) Conventional rail/bus public transport; would reduce need for everyone to own their own car Commercial Airlines Conventional Four-stroke engine and Two-stroke engine subsonic jets Greener transportation Greener transportation List of existing, planned, and proposed PRTs

Personal rapid transit

Personal Aircraft

Commercial production Working prototypes (and models)

Crower six stroke engine

Precooled jet engines

Laboratory verified precooler

Very fast, long distance air travel, space travel Very fast air travel

Scramjet

Working prototypes

Hypersonic Jet engines, Rocket engines Rocket

Non-rocket spacelaunch • • • • Launch loop Mass driver Space gun Space elevator

Theory and some experiments

Space colonization, mass space travel, disposal of radioactive waste

Personal Air Vehicle

Information Technology
Emerging Technology Status Potentially Marginalized Technologies Replacement of Human decision, analysis, etc. Potential Applications Related Articles

Artificial intelligence

Theory and experiments; limited application in specialized domains Prototyping and research

Creation of intelligent devices

Applications of artificial intelligence

Machine translation

Human translation of Easier cross-cultural natural languages, in communication areas where misunderstanding is non-critical and language is formalized

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biological vision, the visual perception of humans Biometrics, Controlling processes (e.g. a Driverless car, or an Automated Guided Vehicle), Detecting events (e.g. for visual surveillance), Interaction (e.g. for Human-computer interaction), Robot Vision Computer vision, Pattern recognition, Digital image processing

Machine vision

Prototyping and research

Machine augmented cognition/exocortices

Diffusion of primitive Libraries, schools, amplifications; training, pocket working prototypes calculators of more; theory and experiments on more substantial amplification Search engines Making the web machine-readable by linking data on the web based on its meaning Order of magnitude faster processing of parallelizable algorithms. Less delicate, low mass (lighter laptop computers & portable electronics), faster, quieter, lower power consuming storage Storage and archiving of data that was previously erased for economic reasons Holographic Disc Ultra HD sony and other big companies are interested in this technology MRAM

Semantic Web or Answers Machine

General-purpose Diffusion of non computing on graphics standardized processing units methods

CPU for a few specialized applications

Solid-state drive

Diffusion; development of larger capacity

Hard disk drive

3D optical data storage or Holographic data storage

Prototyping and research

All other optical data storage solutions, magnetic tape data storage, and other mass storage devices.

Spintronics

Working prototypes

Mechanical magnetic Data storage hard disk drives Smaller, faster, lower power consuming computing

Optical computing

Theory and Many integrated experiments - some circuits and other components of electronics devices integrated circuits have been developed

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Electronic computing, optical computing Much faster computing, for certain kinds of problems, chemical modeling, new materials with programmed properties, theory of high-temperature superconductivity and superfluidity Secure communications Wired communication displays Ubiquitous network connectivity Augmented reality, virtual reality Virtual retinal display, Adaptive optics

Quantum computing

Theory and experiments

Quantum cryptography Wireless communication Screenless display

Commercialization

Diffusion

Theory and experiments

3D displays

Theory and experiments, Commercialization

CRT, LCD, and other display technologies

Television, Computer Autostereoscopic interfaces, cinemas display, Stereoscopic display, Volumetric display, Holographic display Displays; lighting OLED TV, Comparison of display technology Interferometric modulator display, Comparison of display technology

Organic light-emitting diode

first commercial OLED TV in 2008, Sony XEL-1 Commercialization and development

LCD and plasma displays

Interferometric modulator display

CRT, LCD, plasma, e-paper and other display technologies

Non-emissive displays with fast response times and potentially the most realistic colors of all display technologies Displays with very wide colour gamut prowess

Laser displays

first commercial Laser TV in 2008, Mitsubishi LaserVue TV Theory

LCD and plasma displays

Laser TV, Comparison of display technology

Phased array optics

Conventional displays (e.g., Television) Display Technologies Some current integrated circuits, many other electronics devices

Mass production of 3 Dimensional imagery

Holography Memristor

Diffusion Working prototype

Smaller, faster, lower power consuming storage, analogue electronics, Artificial intelligence

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Manual creation of prototypes and also some mass production methods that lack the ability for customization Rapid prototyping and production of not only plastic objects but multi-material items, with the potential to significantly customize products for individual consumers

3D printing

In commercial production

Thermal copper pillar bump

Working prototypes in discrete devices

Conventional thermal Electric circuit Ultra high defintion solutions, heat sinks, cooling; micro-fluidic holograpic disc bulk thermoelectrics actuators; small-device thermoelectric power generation consensus reality an artificial environment where the user feels just as immersed as they usually feel in consensus reality Immersion, Simulated reality

Immersive virtual reality

Theory, limited commercialization

Biotechnology
Emerging Technology Status Potentially Marginalized Technologies Animal husbandry, Plant breeding Potential Applications Related Articles

Genetic engineering

Commercialization; ongoing research & development

Creation and modification of species, bio-machines, elimination of genetic disorders.

Genetically modified food, Genetic pollution

Synthetic biology, Synthetic genomics

Research & development

Chemical industry, Creation of infinitely BioBrick, Igem, Petroleum industry, scalable production Synthetic Process industries processes based on Genomics programmable species of bacteria and other life forms Drugs that improve memory or cognition in healthy or aged populations. Existing treatments for age-related diseases Ischemic Damages Life extension Piracetam, Aniracetam, Pregnenolone

Nootropics

Available Now

Anti-aging drugs: resveratrol, SRT1720 Vitrification or Cryoprotectant Hibernation or Suspended Animation

Animal testing

Theory and some experiments Animal trials, ongoing research and development

Organ transplant, Cryonics Organ transplant, space travel, prolonged surgery, emergency care

Surgical anesthesia

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Treatment for a wide range of diseases and injuries Orphan drugs Cancer management and Preventive treatment; genetic disorders Stem cell treatments, Stem cell

Stem cell treatments

Research and experiments

Personalized medicine

Theory

Robotics and applied mechanics
Emerging Technology Status Potentially Marginalized Technologies distributed computing, Complexity in behavior by simplicity in architecture, Potential Applications Related Articles

Swarm Robotics

Theory and experiments

Autonomous construction, Space construction

swarm intelligence, autonomous robotics, nanorobotics, particle swarm optimization, Multi-agent systems, Behavior-based robotics

Molecular nanotechnology, Nanorobotics

Theory and experiments

Small products and parts production & retail

Desktop devices that can make anything given the materials, cheap planetary terraforming

Powered exoskeleton

Prototyping and Diffusion, research & development, [3] Commercialization

Electric wheelchairs, Heavy lifting, forklifts. paralysis, muscle related diseases, warfare, construction

Material science
Emerging Technology Status Potentially Marginalized Technologies Potential Applications Related Articles

High-temperature superconductivity

Cryogenic Receiver Front-End Copper wire (CRFE) RF and microwave filter systems for mobile phone base stations; Working prototypes in dry ice; theory and experiments for higher temperatures Superfluid gyroscopes already exist but work at very low temperatures Mechanical Gyroscope

No loss conductors, frictionless bearings, magnetic levitation, lossless high-capacity accumulators, electric cars

High-temperature superfluidity

High-precision measure of gravity, navigation and maneuver devices. Potentially devices to produce gravitomagnetic field, frictionless mechanical devices.

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Structural steel and aluminium Stronger, lighter, and more intelligent materials, space elevator Microscopes, cameras, cloaking devices Plastic parts, wide range of applications Wide range of applications

Nanomaterials: carbon nanotubes

Diffusion, theory, in use occasionally and experiments

Metamaterials

Diffusion

Classical optics

Self-healing materials Experimental Demonstrations

Structural Materials Coatings, catalysts

Programmable matter Theory/Experiments e.g. quantum dots

Others
Emerging Technology LED lamp Status Potentially Marginalized Technologies Incandescent and Fluorescent Lighting Potential Applications Related Articles

Diffusion

Illumination

Force field

Unknown

Military and law enforcement, space travel.

Plasma window

See also
General List of inventors, list of inventions, Industrial Ecology, sustainable development Nanonanoscience, molecular manufacturing, Neurotechnology Ethics casuistry, engineering ethics, nanoethics, Bioethics, Neuroethics Computers brain–computer interface, rugged computer, handheld computer, virtual reality Other anthropogenics, machine guidance, Radio frequency identification, National Science Foundation

Further reading
• IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, & Fuertes, J. M. (1999). 1999 7th IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation proceedings, ETFA'99, October 18-21, 1999, UPC, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Piscataway, N.J.: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. • Jones-Garmil, K. (1997). The wired museum: Emerging technology and changing paradigms. Washington, DC: American Association of Museums. • Giersch, H. (1982). Emerging technologies: Consequences for economic growth, structural change, and employment : symposium 1981. Tübingen: Mohr.

List of emerging technologies

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References
Footnote
[1] Popular Science. May 1982. Vol. 220, No. 5. Bonnier Corporation. Page 75+. ISSN 0161-7370 [2] International Congress Innovation and Technology XXI: Strategies and Policies Towards the XXI Century, & Soares, O. D. D. (1997). Innovation and technology: Strategies and policies. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic. [3] Christopher Mims (2009). " Exoskeletons Give New Life to Legs (http:/ / www. sciam. com/ article. cfm?id=honda-exoskeleton-assist-devices)". Scientific American. . Retrieved 2009-04-21.

External links
• Special Reports 10 Emerging Technologies (http:/ / www. technologyreview. com/ special/ emerging/ ). Technology Review.

Article Sources and Contributors

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Article Sources and Contributors
List of emerging technologies  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=306403995  Contributors: Ace Frahm, Agalmic, Akadruid, Antisyzygous, Arthur Rubin, Big B-65, BigDog, Blanchardb, BlueNight, Bluetd, CanadianLinuxUser, CharlesC, ChildofMidnight, Coby.royer, Daniel C, Dejasol, Despres, Dojarca, Dy yol, EDG161, Elias, Elzair, Epastore, Exander, Francis Tyers, Frap, Glane23, HairyFotr, Hibernian, Hirsch.im.wald, Hulagutten, Iridescent, J.delanoy, Jamesontai, Jjoensuu, John Abbe, Juliancolton, KellyCoinGuy, Kencf0618, Kigali1, Kjramesh, Korath, Kvongunten, LaFoiblesse, Maghnus, Marasmusine, Martarius, Materialscientist, McSly, Meika, Mikael Häggström, Mongrel1979, Moofski, Nirogard, Oldag07, Oleg Alexandrov, Pro crast in a tor, Protious, Queenmomcat, Reddi, Reinderien, Richard Arthur Norton (1958- ), Rilak, Ronz, Rpraveenkum, Samsoncity, Sejomagno, Shapeshift1, Slazman999, Solphusion, Spidern, The Enslaver, TheBendster, Themfromspace, UnitedStatesian, Victordelpanno, Visionary77, Will363636, Wolfkeeper, YUL89YYZ, Ysangkok, Zazaban, Zodon, 199 anonymous edits

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