1

INTRODUCTION
Microwave communication or transmission is referred to as the transmission of signals through
the use of radio waves in miniscule wavelength measurements called microwaves. A part of the radio
spectrum, it ranges roughly from 1.0 GHz to 30 GHz that correspond to wavelengths 30 cm down to 1
cm.
Applications of microwave communication are often for point-to-point communications
because of its small wavelength. This allows the antennas to direct the waves in narrow beams directly
pointed at the receiving antenna. Because of this, nearby microwave equipment may use the same
frequency without interfering the other microwave equipment, as lower frequency radio waves do.
High frequency microwaves also gives the advantage of higher information capacity, which makes it
ideal for high data rate applications and transmission. Microwave radio transmission is commonly used
in point-to-point communication systems on the surface of the Earth, in satellite communications, and
in deep space radio communications. Other parts of the microwave radio band are used for radars,
radio navigation systems, sensor systems, and radio astronomy.
This technology is also advantageous because of its flexibility. It can easily be deployed in
rugged terrains, remote areas and even over water. Microwave technology is also preferred because
when a communication system expands, the equipment are readily easy to relocate and reconfigure.
What limits the microwaves is that it can only be propagated through line of sight, unlike lower
frequency radio waves. The area between the microwave system components must be clear from
obstruction or major structures, such as tall buildings, mountains or other objects that could
potentially obstruct the communication.
The typical microwave system includes at least two microwave radios that are located high atop
microwave towers. The radios allow the transmission of data from site to site.

Objective:

Antenna A to Antenna B Distance
Antenna A to Repeater Distance
Antenna B to Repeater Distance
Tower Height
Antenna Near to Roads

Minimum Requirements

Values Obtained

80km
25 to 35 mi (for 2 -8GHz
Band)
25 to 35 mi (for 2 -8GHz
Band)
30m

80km
29.2 mi
25mi
30m,55m, 115m,145m
Yes

2

ANTENNA LOCATION
Camiling

A Elev=1000m

Map1
Sheet No. 3032-II

O’Donnell

Map2
Sheet No. 3031-I

Mount Pinatubo
Elev=425m

R

Map3
Sheet No. 3031-II

Olongapo City

B

Elev=890m

Map4
Sheet No. 3030-I

Antenna A Location: San Clemente, Tarlac
Repeater Location: Bamban, Tarlac
Antenna B Location: Subic, Zambales

3

SITE DEMOGRAPHY
TARLAC
Tarlac is a landlocked province of the Philippines
located in Central Luzon. Its capital is Tarlac City. Tarlac
borders Pampanga to the south, Nueva Ecija to the east,
Pangasinan to the north, and Zambales to the west. It is
a part of Central Luzon, which is also composed of
Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga and
Zambales.
As of the 2000 census, Tarlac has a population of
1,273,240. Its population density is 440/km².
In the southern half of the province
Kapampangan is the spoken language whereas Ilocano
and Pangasinan dominate the northern half. Tagalog,
being the country's national language, is widely
understood throughout the province.

Economy
The economy of Tarlac is dominantly agricultural. Principal crops are rice and sugarcane. Other
major crops are corn and coconut; vegetables such as eggplant, garlic, and onion; and fruit trees like
mango, banana, and calamansi. It is among the biggest producers of Rice and Sugarcane notably grown
in Hacienda Luisita in Barangay San Miguel, Tarlac City which is owned by the Cojuangco Family.
Because the province is landlocked, its fish production is limited to fishponds but it has vast
river systems and irrigation which is more than enough to compensate for the need of water. On the
boundary with Zambales in the west, forest lands provide timber for the logging industry. Mineral
reserves such as manganese and iron can also be found along the western section.
Tarlac has its own rice and corn mills as well as sawmills and logging outfits. It has three sugar
centrals. Other firms service agricultural needs such as fertilizer. Among its cottage industries, ceramics
making has become important because of the abundant supply of clay. Some of the major industries
here are the making of Chicharon and Iniruban in the municipality of Camiling, Ylang Ylang /Ilang-Ilang
products of Anao and the Muscovado sugar products of Victoria. Besides those products, the province
also boosts its sugar products in the Philippines. It is next to Negros Occidental which is the nation's
sugar capital. Tilapia is also improving in Tarlac and it will soon be the Tilapia capital of the Philippines.

Geography
Eastern Tarlac is a plain, while Western Tarlac is hilly to mountainous. Because of this, the
province owns a large portion of mountains like Mt. Telakawa (Straw hat Mountain), which is the
highest mountain in the province located at Capas, Tarlac. Mt. Bueno, Mt. Mor-Asia and Mt. Canouman
is located also in Capas as well as Mount Dalin. The other mountains are Mt. Dueg and Mt. Maasin,

The Lucong and Parua rivers in Concepcion. ZAMBALES Zambales is a province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. parks. in the southern end of the province. iron. and features many coves and inlets. Pangasinan on the north.83 km2.830. landlocked by four provinces: Pampanga on the south. Physical The province is situated at the center of the central plains of Luzon. Sacobia Bamban River in Bamban and the Rio Chico in La Paz.S. deer etc. and Tarlac provinces. Nueva Ecija on the east. rocks and forest animals such as wild boar. The Freeport Zone is host to many tourist attractions which include casinos. copper. The peak of Mount Pinatubo lies near the tripoint of Zambales. Its capital is Iba. and Zambales on the west. Approximately 75% of the province is plain while the rest is hilly to mountainous. the province has two distinct seasons: dry from November to April and wet for the rest of the year. the mountain range on the eastern part of the province occupies about 60% of its total land area. The main water sources for agriculture include the Tarlac River at Tarlac City. The Zambales Mountains. beach resorts. These divisions are further subdivided into 511 barangays. Naval Base Subic Bay.4 found in the municipality of San Clemente. which is located in Cubi Point in the Subic Bay Freeport Zone. Bacsay.[4] This volcano. and was chosen as the location of the U. Like the rest of Central Luzon. sand. Subic Bay. Zambales is served by the Subic Bay International Airport. The province comprises three congressional districts. The province is noted for its mangoes. which are abundant from January to April. Zambales borders Pangasinan to the north. once considered dormant. Bataan to the south and the South China Sea to the west. Cayasan and Birbira of Camiling. Pampanga. Geography Physical Zambales lies on the western shores of Luzon island along the South China Sea. vegetables. The whole of Mayantoc and San Jose are mountainous so it is suitable for the highest natural resources and forest products in the province such as coal. log fires. Tarlac and Pampanga to the east. fruits. beachside huts and cottages and historical sites. With a land area of 3. Tarlac. Political Tarlac is subdivided into 17 municipalities and 1 city. Zambales is the second largest among the seven provinces of Central Luzon. provides a natural harbor. Its shoreline is very ragged. Papaac. Also noted are Mt. erupted .

5 violently in 1991 blowing off its summit.665 — 1995 389.86% 2010 534. overlap with one another due to intermarriage[5] and other factors.16% 2007 493. They were later displaced by the Sambal.a. the Tagalogs.S Subic Naval Base (San Antonio and Subic) during the American regime of the country. Panatag Shoal (Scarborough Shoal) a Philippineclaimed EEZ. and wet from July to September. Zambales.542 +2. Subic Castillejos San Marcelino San Antonio San Narciso San Felipe Cabangan Botolan Iba Palauig Masinloc Candelaria Santa Cruz Demographics Population census of Zambales Year Pop. 1990 369.05% 2000 433. and the Kapampangans today constitute the four largest ethnic groups in Zambales. Subdivisions Zambales is subdivided into 13 municipalities and 1 city. however.1 m) deep of lahar. an Austronesian people after whom the province is named.72% The Aetas of Mount Pinatubo were the earliest inhabitants of what is now the province of Zambales. ±% p. Many people found . Olongapo City is a highly urbanized city and administers itself autonomously from the province.443 +2. on the mountains of Botolan. A vast portion of the province acquired desert-like features after being buried by more than 20 feet (6. leaving a caldera (now filled with Lake Pinatubo). these identities may and do. Most of the people of southern Zambales are migrants from different parts of the country owing to the influx of job opportunities brought on by the U. the Ilokanos. is a designated part of the province.512 +1. The Sambal. Climate Zambales has two pronounced seasons: dry from October to June.085 +1. Many Sambal still believe in superstitions and mysteries that have been handed down through the generations.

Economy Zambales is a rich source of Nickel & mountain. Respect for elders is still observed. clothing. Masinloc. San Marcelino. The Magsaysay Memorial College is also run by the Roman Catholic Church and can be found in San Narciso. Castillejos. run by the Catholic Church can be found also in Olongapo. St. Joseph College-Olongapo. Town fiestas honoring patron saints are practiced in each parish. and Zambaleños are very accommodating when it comes to feasts. Education There are a number of higher educational institutions in the province. The Ramon Magsaysay Technological University. The Columban College. and in the city of Olongapo. and style. Cruz. The presence of the Americans greatly influenced the inhabitants. from their tastes in food. . It has also satellite campuses in the municipalities of Sta.6 jobs and permanently settled there. the first state university in the province can be found in Iba. Botolan. Candelaria. a college run by the Roman Catholic Church can be found in Olongapo City.

275+7. System from NTC.725=.725)/2 = 8 GHz Frequency: For Go links far & frb: f=7.55GHz fc= (8.1/2) For Return links fbr & fra: f=8 x Bw/4 x (4 . To determine the operating frequency per channel: f ar (GHz) Go f rb (GHz) f br (GHz) f ra (GHz) Solution: BW=8. Also.275-7.069 8.206 .7 Frequency Allocation Since the Voice Channel Capacity is 1800.931 Return 8.794 7.1/2) 7.275 GHz as indicated from ITU-R Rec 386. the range is listed in the available frequency range of Point-to-Point Radio Comm.725 to 8. the recommended frequency range to be used is from 7.725 x Bw/4 x (4 .

8 PATH PROFILE DATA Earth Bulge = d1xd2/12. there must be no obstruction to the line of site but the reflection path must have an obstruction so that it will not be reflected to the receiving antenna.6xF1)+Allowance Where Allowance is Type Residential Industrial Woods and other terrain types Allowance (m) 10 20 6.1 To determine Tower Height and Reflection Point simultaneously. and values can be said to be applicable when the difference of the left and right side of the equation will be equal to zero.Elevation per km. Thus. Moreover. tower heights were assumed since H1 is equal to (Tower height+Elevation). before the tower height can be accepted.75k where k=4/3 First Fresnel (F1) = √ Total Elevation = Elevation+EB+(. . Reflection Point Calculation as used (for k=4/3): H1 D1 D1 2 H2 D2 D2 2 Where: H1: elevation of lower antenna from reflection surface in feet D1: distance from lower antenna in miles H2: elevation of higher antenna from reflection surface in feet D2: distance from higher antenna in miles  First. the reflection point is located at that elevation.

6515 20.7647 31.4706 32.1718 450.1865 421.9659 16.5751 10.4020 11.7059 26.1 6.7059 31.1968 548.0000 0.2173 344.2941 2.5090 12.1 6.1718 211.1 6.8033 19.1146 10.1 6.5392 252.7189 12.1307 19.7647 20.5243 19.1 6.7059 0.4706 14.4842 916.7923 10.1765 28.6571 11.1 6.1176 12.2477 12.1 6.3529 32.1 6.1 6.8033 20.1968 449.3867 16.0987 11.7059 30.9335 283.5090 12.6783 0.8592 8.7647 32.1450 6.1982 21.4128 20.6726 12.0033 19.9872 18.0750 9.1 6.1307 20.1 6.8544 10.3867 17.5020 261.2310 5.1 1006.0325 276.0295 10.8820 11.7189 12.2367 21.7647 5.1 6.0295 9.8902 271.1 6.0784 12.6F1 Allowance Total 0.3909 12.1 6.0957 823.1 6.1 6.7647 23.1146 11.0000 29.3529 16.1 6.3529 10.1250 14.1 6.9032 549.1 6.2967 180.4842 431.1765 28.0000 6.1305 0.2941 7.1 6.5062 9.1176 18.2941 24.6456 294.9205 383.6571 11.4674 410.7420 12.1176 32.1 6.5392 740.3529 32.1209 21.2310 7.0000 2.1770 15.3549 388.5020 384.3126 531.8484 21.1 6.1 6.3529 14.8484 20.1770 13.1 6.1 6.1176 7.1765 26.1 6.7159 17.3121 263.2472 174.8820 12.4284 19.0768 451.2353 29.1765 30.1450 3.8902 450.3849 8.1 6.4706 16.7059 23.0000  D (km) 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 F1(m) 0.5243 17.1176 31.9 Antenna (A) to Repeater (R) Path Profile Data Sheet d1 (km) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 d2 (km) 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Elev (m) 1000 820 900 720 800 540 400 420 260 240 400 140 380 340 340 320 340 340 320 400 280 360 220 160 480 360 400 400 440 500 500 440 380 300 240 220 340 20 130 140 180 300 240 240 280 400 240 425 Path class EB (m) Woodland Scrub Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Sand Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Scrub Woodland Woodland Swamp Woodland Scrub Grass Grass Woodland Grass Scrub Woodland Woodland Woodland 0.3126 411.6515 20.1982 21.1176 21.1250 15.1 6.2941 30.2941 21.1 6.1 6.9032 330.2173 387.0046 21.0750 8.1 6.2477 12.6027 12.0000 3.1 6.3121 429.1 6.9872 17.2941 31.1 6.4128 20.5796 9.1209 21.5062 7.2967 166.4674 489.9335 366.3549 426.1000 832.2367 21.0000 27.3303 300.7159 15.1 6.0957 416.1127 6.1 6.9659 15.1865 58.1 6.0033 18.1 6.3477 369.4706 32.0987 14.0784 11.4320 10.4320 10.0325 211.6783 5.3477 487.9205 380.1 6.4706 18.7420 12.0000 30.4706 12.3849 11.5751 6.1 6.6726 12.1 6.1 6.7923 11.2353 27.1 6.3909 12.5796 10.1305 8.1127 7.0000 6.0768 266.0046 20.1000 Highlighted Row is the position of the Reflection Point .3529 20.8544 13.6027 12.7647 10.2472 438.0000 24.4284 19.1 6.1 6.7059 5.6456 329.3303 566.1 6.8592 7.1 6.4020 11.

4628 -52.99 354.8218 315.38 129.20  Therefore Refelection Point is at km35 Elev=220m .53 385.75 43.9203 76.621371)/2) H2= ((ELEV(Rep)+55-ELEV)*3.3076 -63.88 97.67 0.621371)) .5328 -0.00 18.5847 14.51 405.9576 13.25 165.34 554.5175 112.1958 222.6425 63.7110 202.74 161.66 182.02 145.7543 552.8571 224.10 Tower A Height/Repeater Tower Height & Reflection Point Calculation H1= ((ELEV(A)+30-ELEV)*3.60 140.1723 12.66 111.((Distance from A*0.((Distance from Rep*0.02 329.74 586.7126 16.5126 133.83 462.2146 108.92 95.8334 97.8124 245.5246 1266.3941 457.28))/(Distance from A*0.2796 515.9356 90.6603 21.6425 -20.6204 76.9779 210.51 124.00 277.2806 106.1137 6.1458 21.24 99.5152 192.31 75.6732 282.0821 38.22 107.51 162.3635 H2@Rep Ht=55m Difference -53.5975 113.7007 119.0877 111.67 228.32 98.33 487.9255 -7.1308 62.28))/(Distance from Rep*0.3131 20.46 193.2058 342.5284 302.7357 161.67 150.3827 30.86 274.2852 47.5653 1161.1417 16.8218 505.5295 87.2482 -42.74 208.621371)/2) Distance from A (km) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 H1 @Tower A Ht=30m 1108.4513 14.5249 113.61 66.11 89.2099 -11.6211 169.5520 329.4847 221.1356 255.58 231.99 264.4763 350.60 120.27 113.1259 191.4383 -4.9009 5.8897 187.9694 202.7800 102.5307 63.74 106.7653 239.2476 86.92 439.8279 114.1986 276.4620 83.9894 132.2257 30.4481 423.5897 -2.92 536.4575 -11.43 82.4131 110.3448 99.4909 544.4918 8.2401 83.621371)) .96 243.0531 156.2078 15.65 26.4954 251.5094 17.2079 11.2890 89.6708 208.3068 59.7439 81.5188 93.5846 460.60 1190.6692 4.

11 Antenna (A) to Repeater Path Profile 1200 1000 Elevation (m) 800 600 400 200 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 D (km) Elev (m) EB (m) Total Line of Sight Reflection Path .

1120 10.1668 10.4149 428.1 6.2941 2.1470 450.2823 12.1176 18.1 6.1470 449.1264 19.8817 489.2823 12.7059 31.1 6.1 6.2353 27.6F1 Allowance Total 0.1910 12.7404 13.9446 16.7059 23.1 6.5600 16.9446 17.7647 23.1000 Highlighted Row is the position of the Reflection Point .1 6.3570 5.1 6.7059 30.1 6.1123 823.4706 18.9152 384.6371 425.3955 12.1 6.0000 30.9120 438.3529 32.0759 11.9922 293.2941 30.1 6.1 6.5839 20.4180 12.1668 9.7713 11.9372 263.4180 12.1176 31.1910 12.1 6.1 6.0759 12.2899 8.7713 11.5299 16.6378 283.5680 410.8605 211.0362 548.8817 388.0000 29.4705 20.3529 16.8484 410.2941 21.4706 32.5848 5.2353 29.0000 2.1 6.5680 330.3570 10.0725 6.8165 12.1 6.7059 26.12 Repeater (R) to Antenna (A) Path Profile Data Sheet d1 (km) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 d2 (km) 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Elev (m) 425 240 400 280 240 240 300 180 140 130 20 340 220 240 300 380 440 500 500 440 400 400 360 480 160 220 360 280 400 320 340 340 320 340 340 380 140 400 240 260 420 400 540 800 720 900 820 1000 Path class EB (m) Woodland Woodland Woodland Scrub Grass Woodland Grass Grass Scrub Woodland Swamp Woodland Woodland Scrub Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Sand Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Scrub Woodland 0.8320 11.1 6.2941 31.7889 451.4083 299.8937 20.1 6.6188 19.2941 7.1176 21.2909 15.5839 20.9318 6.1 6.7656 11.1 6.4083 832.3503 12.4149 173.5530 10.2998 18.9362 11.3607 11.1 6.9922 58.1 6.1 6.6188 19.1 6.8484 530.9120 261.1 6.3360 9.1000 252.3529 10.1 6.2899 7.0315 379.5179 10.3183 20.6592 20.1 6.6967 20.3529 20.5201 18.1495 739.7647 31.1123 328.1 6.7647 10.3183 20.7647 5.1 6.0000 3.2909 16.6594 6.0477 365.1209 8.9318 7.1 6.0725 5.1765 28.1 6.8443 8.9886 270.1 6.9886 210.1176 7.3529 32.0000 6.1 6.4706 16.5851 368.1 6.6592 20.1176 32.0000 5.0477 548.1 6.1 6.5201 18.5851 450.5848 0.1120 11.9344 18.2120 421.7059 0.6371 383.3955 12.1176 12.7745 9.3907 416.9746 0.5299 18.9372 916.7059 5.1495 266.1 6.1 6.7745 10.3360 8.1 431.1 6.6967 20.3907 1006.1264 20.5799 11.5179 10.0315 275.1 6.6378 179.8937 19.5600 14.1 6.4706 14.9746 8.1 6.1765 30.8443 9.1 6.0000 0.4705 20.2998 19.7647 20.0362 387.2941 24.1 6.7404 15.2120 344.5530 12.1 6.1765 26.1 6.9344 19.7889 165.0142 6.3503 12.0533 17.9362 12.0142 3.4706 12.8605 566.0000 27.8165 14.6594 8.3607 11.5799 11.9152 487.0533 18.1765 28.1209 11.1 6.7647 32.3529 14.7656 13.0000 24.0000  D (km) 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 F1(m) 0.8320 10.4706 32.1 6.

2476 99.6204 86.31 113.8218 552.4513 12.5284 342.5188 30.0877 106.99 385.60 161.1259 202.32 99.83 536.2796 544.9009 13.4628 -63.67 264.6211 208.4847 239.2401 81.66 208.2890 112.1986 423.65 18.621371)) .4620 102.86 165.3076  Therefore Refelection Point is at km12 Elev=220m H2@ Tower A Ht=30m 76.5847 21.0821 21.5249 187.1356 282.5152 161.61 95.5094 -2.5897 -52.9356 87.2852 30.621371)/2) Distance from Rep (km) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 H1 @ Rep Ht=55m 1266.6425 93.((Distance from A*0.6708 245.1308 16.6603 -4.9894 111.3131 14.8124 276.20 150.74 1161.4131 63.7110 63.02 162.7007 113.9694 222.9255 47.5653 210.3068 83.5846 457.99 405.8218 156.3448 113.60 274.60 140.1958 255.4763 251.66 129.74 243.28))/(Distance from A*0.27 107.74 182.0531 221.75 82.8897 191.43 98.1723 4.2099 14.00 66.9203 76.((Distance from Rep*0.5175 97.34 354.2078 16.5307 8.2058 Difference 1190.5328 17.7126 6.00 329.13 Repeater Tower Height/Tower A Height & Reflection Point Calculation H1= ((ELEV(Rep)+55-ELEV)*3.7357 169.92 462.2146 132.621371)) .92 97.51 193.6732 329.2482 -53.88 106.25 124.9576 -7.4909 1108.22 0.1137 15.7439 108.67 231.5975 89.4481 460.2806 90.74 120.67 43.6692 -0.3941 515.7800 119.2257 -11.4918 -11.96 277.1417 11.7653 110.8279 133.8334 83.2079 38.4954 224.33 554.5520 505.51 89.5246 350.9779 315.6425 -42.3635 59.1458 62.46 228.38 145.53 439.92 586.58 75.24 111.7543 302.8571 202.51 .28))/(Distance from Rep*0.4383 -20.11 26.5295 114.621371)/2) H2= ((ELEV(A)+30-ELEV)*3.4575 5.3827 20.02 487.5126 192.

14 Repeater to Antenna (A) Path Profile 1200 Elevation (m) 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 D (km) Elev (m) EB (m) Total Line of Sight Reflection Path .

6507 10.5294 23.4706 6.1 6.6471 16.1 6.2523 8.0872 5.0000 3.4247 11.5882 22.0000 0.9333 7.6471 18.5410 11.1 6.4706 23.0000 6.1 6.0073 10.4696 426.1 6.5350 437.4706 6.1 6.2444 9.0073 9.5882 23.4073 14.0232 10.1 6.0412 19.6357 15.0000 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 0.7544 415.0000 23.15 Antenna (B) to Repeater (R) Path Profile Data Sheet d1 (km) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 d2 (km) 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Elev (m) 890 780 600 700 640 220 200 480 460 500 500 380 440 300 240 440 400 640 340 300 340 600 720 600 500 600 560 400 500 560 580 600 440 400 400 300 340 280 340 460 425 Path class EB (m) D (km) F1(m) 0.2941 12.7538 12.0000 10.1626 19.0410 17.3949 10.3474 598.0588 16.0023 431.7814 9.1 6.2444 8.7387 13.2941 23.1 6.0373 226.1 6.1 6.1 6.4073 16.5555 10.4975 11.3523 508.0373 361.1 6.5410 11.0588 13.6789 16.0410 18.5908 10.4118 17.0412 18.6471 21.3720 18.1 6.4555 337.1626 19.1 6.1 6.7538 14.2941 0.1 6.8246 10.0369 6.0845 15.1 6.4247 11.6476 18.5294 8.0000 22.8917 640.8917 341.1 6.1625 470.1 6.1454 8.5882 12.5716 278.0232 11.6471 19.0000 13.6432 8.3949 6.8700 18.7647 18.4696 490.1989 16.6513 17.1 6.3220 11.1 6.2591 19.6432 6.1 896.5555 12.0137 8.6507 9.1 6.1849 641.0369 3.6082 5.4032 532.6789 17.5039 298.4975 11.8700 19.3523 324.0000 2.7544 632.7166 355.2941 4.7647 19.5908 10.0845 16.1 6.2523 7.7166 661.6F1 Allowance Total Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Grass Scrub Scrub Grass Grass Scrub Grass Grass Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Lahar Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Grass Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Woodland Woodland 0.3194 10.1885 11.4706 10.5350 479.1 6.1116 381.2941 8.1 6.1 6.0000 6.6357 13.9333 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.2941 23.7647 17.5716 536.1000  Highlighted Row is the position of the Reflection Point .1 6.4706 23.1841 476.0023 615.1454 11.2350 19.5247 540.0588 21.1 6.7814 8.1 6.4032 428.1885 11.1 6.4118 20.7387 11.1116 760.0102 639.3720 18.4706 2.1 6.1 6.0102 680.4118 15.6075 472.0588 22.0872 6.1 6.6075 718.5555 11.1625 533.7647 20.1841 613.5882 15.2350 19.6476 18.5247 380.1989 17.1 6.4118 22.1 6.3220 11.6082 0.3474 440.6513 18.1 6.4555 595.8246 11.3194 10.1000 792.5294 4.0137 0.5039 244.

2796 509.0541 189.90 59.3656 95.2683 109.10 260.4531 86.5969 18.50 389.5402 -15.8044 103.1225 293.3548 393.621371)) .16 Tower B Height/Repeater Tower Height & Reflection Point Calculation H1= ((ELEV(B)+115-ELEV)*3.70 0.30 659.9627 169.621371)/2) Distance from B (km) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 H1 @Tower A Ht=115m 1187.5791 64.8082 282.9376 80.0909 194.3374 606.3440 54.3408 Difference 1227.50 164.00 237.2176 -0.621371)) .70 131.4234 580.6818 29.20 174.2034 2.00 417.90 291.3237 91.1437 8.5058 244.5050 71.80 109.6490  Therefore Refelection Point is at km32 Elev=440m H2 @Rep Ht=145m -40.50 270.4908 -14.4650 296.621371)/2) H2= ((ELEV(Rep)+145-ELEV)*3.5744 15.4245 189.80 44.9896 27.2781 61.7470 82.3812 -8.40 85.0210 147.30 188.1946 706.10 100.3052 535.3014 95.8088 44.3318 83.0420 -21.40 525.6151 77.00 216.90 785.0639 1.80 79.9125 46.90 518.00 39.60 348.60 114.3917 83.90 229.30 565.1231 -15.30 141.50 93.10 128.2883 2.9340 -23.28))/(Distance from B*0.((Distance from B*0.50 111.6976 283.9734 -30.7307 480.80 225.9963 25.5474 85.3947 263.8924 86.4603 59.2112 48.4487 41.3980 58.2926 126.2377 -49.8808 4.3856 1068.7239 357.28))/(Distance from Rep*0.5811 -14.2263 284.2592 86.9204 19.00 82.40 70.50 64.3508 61.3855 -20.9901 65.4937 302.4341 827.6280 108.5703 61.80 501.1689 194.70 .((Distance from Rep*0.90 1084.60 73.5226 83.

17 Antenna (B) to Repeater Path Profile 1200 Elevation (m) 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 D (km) Elev (m) EB (m) Total Line of Sight Reflection Path .

6471 21.1 6.0000 13.3286 19.7647 17.0336 896.4088 10.8042 18.7094 8.1 6.1 6.4259 19.0657 8.7694 361.4443 540.6825 10.4676 6.5408 14.2062 19.2850 341.2941 23.0000 6.3245 8.0805 6.6305 639.4118 17.0940 9.0000 6.1083 640.1 6.3286 19.2941 8.1 6.9183 11.1083 479.6556 10.0657 0.4706 6.8042 17.7343 9.4706 2.1 6.4118 22.1 6.0000 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 0.6654 476.2941 12.1 6.0335 19.1 6.0805 3.6237 760.1 6.5472 437.8411 595.6556 11.7647 20.4201 11.1400 5.1 6.0000 22.5882 12.2941 0.5882 23.1 6.4833 632.1 6.8411 532.6556 12.4676 10.2735 536.6511 298.2735 533.4088 10.4237 244.6471 18.4016 19.3237 7.7647 19.5457 226.1972 18.1 6.2855 11.7647 18.6394 0.5312 18.1 6.8234 16.6237 440.4833 508.9933 6.5882 15.1 431.0000 0.6654 598.2239 16.18 Repeater (R) to Antenna (B) Path Profile Data Sheet d1 (km) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 d2 (km) 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Elev (m) 425 460 340 280 340 300 400 400 440 600 580 560 500 400 560 600 500 600 720 600 340 300 340 640 400 440 240 300 440 380 500 500 460 480 200 220 640 700 600 780 890 Path class EB (m) D (km) F1(m) 0.8729 14.5882 22.2461 490.2116 381.8575 9.5237 11.1 6.1036 661.1 6.1 6.6511 792.5294 4.1 6.6F1 Allowance Total Woodland Woodland Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Grass Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Lahar Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Scrub Grass Grass Scrub Grass Grass Scrub Scrub Grass Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland Woodland 0.1400 6.0588 22.1 6.5971 11.4016 19.2062 19.1 6.7624 13.4237 428.7094 6.0000 2.1 6.1 6.6471 19.0000 3.4201 11.0588 16.7624 15.3237 8.8091 18.1 6.0335 18.1187 11.4118 20.5457 470.2239 15.1 6.5294 8.9183 10.0588 21.6394 5.1 6.1036 426.1 6.8729 12.3479 16.5294 23.6471 16.4706 23.5639 718.1187 10.6410 11.1 6.1 6.0336 355.1972 17.2855 11.1 6.8491 11.0588 13.4443 278.1000  Highlighted Row is the position of the Reflection Point .0940 10.6410 11.6305 337.1 6.5971 11.9913 680.7343 10.0000 23.8491 13.8234 17.4706 6.7694 615.5639 324.4706 10.1 6.1 6.2333 11.5408 16.3479 17.3245 9.1 6.2461 613.0000 10.2941 23.5312 18.2116 380.8575 8.4118 15.1 6.1 6.8091 19.5237 11.1 6.4706 23.9913 641.2333 8.5472 415.2941 4.1000 472.1 6.1 6.9933 7.1 6.6825 10.

00 5 283.80882364 244.40 13 64.9734042 1068.80 11 1.90 33 4.62798 164.60 34 46.50575 270.288281652 293.9204264 284.2112229 108.505028 59.43407 501.93398517 194.3856 1227.57913275 82.((Distance from B*0.621371)/2) H2= ((ELEV(B)+115-ELEV)*3.50 20 54.60 12 27.19462 785.278139 109.12254 348.143696554 393.0419714 535.35476 659.5810886 61.10 32 8.96267 128.570325 525.49367 95.268301 82.90 3 509.38550495 65.50 17 -14.29257774 83.50 35 41.4487196 480.34396104 189.39799103 282.331757 79.381232185 71.89235 44.90 37 -30.259227 0.91250703 827.80 21 61.30 36 -21.2175824 77.80 28 15.621371)) .3052 1084.70 10 -8.12312554 103.20 27 44.50 8 83.5969181 85.3916693 59.50 31 2.4233736 80.3014 114.35080487 189.40 4 302.((Distance from Rep*0.00 16 18.203423214 357.30 24 29.70 2 606.49076446 169.70 25 19.990094 70.61514 85.00 29 25.68184226 194.60 22 48.73069 565.54743 111.90  Therefore Refelection Point is at km8 Elev=440m .19 Repeater Tower Height/Tower B Height & Reflection Point Calculation H1= ((ELEV(Rep)+145-ELEV)*3.323717 216.80821 229.28))/(Distance from B*0.00 9 -20.10 19 -14.50 26 58.80 38 -15.30 7 126.522628 39.28))/(Distance from Rep*0.90 30 2.337439 91.09092 225.6976357 83.98958789 109.57437881 296.80 15 -15.3408093 61.22634 237.0209861 86.46497 260.996284891 263.649015 518.42445 141.40 18 -49.460309 73.72395 389.10 23 -23.621371)/2) Distance H2 @ H1 @ Rep from A Tower B Difference Ht=145m (km) Ht=115m 1 580.39474 291.00 6 147.90 14 -0.06389873 86.88082484 706.5402342 1187.621371)) .237735 95.804374 100.16887 174.453099 188.365611 64.2796303 86.05407 131.746992 93.937642 417.30 39 -40.

20 Antenna (B) to Repeater Path Profile 1200 Elevation (m) 1000 800 600 400 200 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 D (km) Elev (m) EB (m) Total Line of Sight Reflection Path .

6376dB Total Connector Loss = 0. A (m) 30 Antenna height.5 dB per site * 2 Total Radome Loss = 1 dB .8 * (30+55+6.1 0.1) / 100 Total Waveguide Loss = 5.03*sqrt(F GHz) Receiver Signal level (RSL) = FM + Receiver Threshold RSL = 38 dB – 69 dB RSL = -31 dB Free Space Loss (FSL) = 92.794) + 20log(47) FSL = 143. R (m) 55 Connector Loss (dB) from specification sheet = 0.5 Frequency (GHz) 7.99 38 6.2 0.84 dB per site * 4 Total Connector Loss = 0.794 Distance (km) 47 Waveguide Loss (@ 7.1+6.6771652 dB Total Waveguide Loss = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height A + Antenna Height R+ 2*Allowance) / 100 Total Waveguide Loss = 5.084 0.2 dB per site * 2 Total Radome Loss = 0.335012836dB Total Radome Loss = 0.4 dB Total Circulator Loss = 0.4 + 20log F (GHz) + 20log D(km) FSL = 92.8 Antenna Height. Pt (dBm) Receiver Threshold (dBm) Reliability (%) Fade Margin (dB) Waveguide Length (m) Radome Loss (dB) Connector Loss (dB) Circulator Loss (dB) 32 -69 99.794 GHz) 5.21 TRANSMISSION CALCULATION A TO R Transmitter Output Power.4 + 20log(7.

6771652 + 0.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log d (ft) Antenna Gain = 7.621371)^3 x 10^(-38/10) Undp = 3.599714811ft Note: Antenna chosen is 10 ft.37936197+ 69 Fade Margin = 40.33520803 * 2 Total Antenna Gain = 90.33520803 dB Total Antenna Gain = Antenna Gain * 2 Total Antenna Gain = 45.02488901 dB Antenna Diameter (d): 44.5 + 20log (7.67041606 dB Receiver Signal Level = Pt + Total Antenna Gain – Total Losses Receiver Signal Level = 32 + 90.335012836 +0. REVERSE CALCULATION Antenna Gain = 7.25x10^-6 x a x b x f^1.794) + 20log D Antenna Diameter (d)= 10^((44.5 + 20log (7.22 Total Losses = FSL + WG loss + Connector Loss + Radome Loss Total Losses = 143.335012836 0. very rough or very dry) b= 1/8 (mountainous or very dry) Undp = 1.25x10^-6 x ¼ x 1/8 x 7.35542E-06 .049778 dB Total Antenna Gain = RSL – Pt + Total Losses Total Antenna Gain = -31 – 32 + 151.794) + 20log 10 Antenna Gain = 45.5 x (47x0.37936197dB Fade Margin = Receiver Signal Level – Receiver Threshold Fade Margin = -28.049778 Receiver Signal Level = -28.794)))/20) D = 8.62063803dB Undp = 1.049778 Total Antenna Gain = 88.04977802 dB Individual Antenna Gain = Total Antenna Gain / 2 Antenna Gain = 88.90948101 – 151.794^1.5-(20*log(7.4 Total Losses = 151.67539635 = 7.02488901-7.5 x D^3 x 10^(-FM/10) a= ¼ (for mountainous.04977802 / 2 Antenna Gain = 44.

A (m) 30 Connector Loss (dB) from specification sheet = 0.35542E-06)*100% Reliability = 99.5 Frequency (GHz) 8.1 0.5 dB per site * 2 Total Radome Loss = 1 dB Total Losses = FSL + WG loss + Connector Loss + Radome Loss Total Losses = 151.99966446% R TO A Transmitter Output Power.4 dB Total Circulator Loss = 0.23 Reliability = (1 .67 Antenna Height.08593835 0.03*sqrt(F GHz) Receiver Signal level (RSL) = FM + Receiver Threshold RSL = -31 dB Free Space Loss (FSL) = 92.4 + 20log F (GHz) + 20log D(km) FSL = 144.99 38 6.Undp)*100% Reliability = (1 – 3.3795808 dB .206 GHz) 5.2 0.3437534dB Total Radome Loss = 0.2 dB per site * 2 Total Radome Loss = 0.1245874dB Total Waveguide Loss = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height A + Antenna Height R+ 2*Allowance) / 100 Total Waveguide Loss = 5. R (m) 55 Antenna height. Pt (dBm) Receiver Threshold (dBm) Reliability (%) Fade Margin (dB) Waveguide Length (m) Radome Loss (dB) Connector Loss (dB) Circulator Loss (dB) 32 -69 99.206 Distance (km) 47 Waveguide Loss (@ 8.51124 dB Total Connector Loss = Connector loss per site * 4 Total Connector Loss = 0.

18979041 dB Antenna Diameter (d): Antenna Diameter (d)= 10^(( Individual Antenna Gain (dB)-7.9996375% .25x10^-6 x a x b x f^1. very rough or very dry) b= 1/8 (mountainous or very dry) Undp = 3.24 Total Antenna Gain = RSL – Pt + Total Losses Total Antenna Gain = 88.5-(20*log(f GHz)))/20) D = 8.Undp)*100% Reliability = 99.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log d (ft) Antenna Gain = 45.33520803 dB Total Antenna Gain = Antenna Gain * 2 Total Antenna Gain = 91.62497E-06 Reliability = (1 .81432031 dB Fade Margin = Receiver Signal Level – Receiver Threshold Fade Margin = 41.37958081 dB Individual Antenna Gain = Total Antenna Gain / 2 Antenna Gain = 44.18567969 dB Undp = 1.56526051dB Receiver Signal Level = Pt + Total Antenna Gain – Total Losses Receiver Signal Level = -27.5 x D^3 x 10^(-FM/10) a= ¼ (for mountainous. REVERSE CALCULATION Antenna Gain = 7.324497125 ft Note: Antenna chosen is 10 ft.

4 dB Total Circulator Loss = 0.069 GHz) Antenna Height.4 + 20log F (GHz) + 20log D(km) FSL = 142.2 dB per site * 2 Total Radome Loss = 0.91552596 dB Individual Antenna Gain = Total Antenna Gain / 2 Antenna Gain = 48. B (m) Antenna height.5 dB per site * 2 Total Radome Loss = 1 dB Total Losses = FSL + WG loss + Connector Loss + Radome Loss Total Losses = 159.99 38 6.45776298 dB . Pt (dBm) Receiver Threshold (dBm) Reliability (%) Fade Margin (dB) Waveguide Length (m) Radome Loss (dB) Connector Loss (dB) 32 -69 99.5775941 dB Total Waveguide Loss = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height B + Antenna Height R+ 2*Allowance) / 100 Total Waveguide Loss = 15.1 0. R (m) 8.03*sqrt(F GHz) Receiver Signal level (RSL) = FM + Receiver Threshold RSL = -31 dB Free Space Loss (FSL) = 92.340871823 dB Total Radome Loss = 0.915526 dB Total Antenna Gain = RSL – Pt + Total Losses Total Antenna Gain = 96.069 40 5.59706 dB Total Connector Loss = Connector loss per site * 4 Total Connector Loss = 0.73 115 145 Connector Loss (dB) from specification sheet = 0.25 B TO R Transmitter Output Power.085217956 Frequency (GHz) Distance (km) Waveguide Loss (@ 8.2 0.

5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log d (ft) Antenna Gain = 49.25x10^-6 x a x b x f^1.59908698 dB Fade Margin = Receiver Signal Level – Receiver Threshold Fade Margin = 39.26 Antenna Diameter (d): Antenna Diameter (d)= 10^(( Individual Antenna Gain (dB)-7.17883E-06 Reliability = (1 . very rough or very dry) b= 1/8 (mountainous or very dry) Undp = 2.99978212% .Undp)*100% Reliability = 99.1582194 9dB Total Antenna Gain = Antenna Gain * 2 Total Antenna Gain = 98.40091302 dB Undp = 1.31643898dB Receiver Signal Level = Pt + Total Antenna Gain – Total Losses Receiver Signal Level = -29.5-(20*log(f GHz)))/20) D = 13.8378441 ft Note: Antenna chosen is 15 ft.5 x D^3 x 10^(-FM/10) a= ¼ (for mountainous. REVERSE CALCULATION Antenna Gain = 7.

99 38 6. Pt (dBm) Receiver Threshold (dBm) Reliability (%) Fade Margin (dB) Waveguide Length (m) Radome Loss (dB) Connector Loss (dB) Circulator Loss (dB) 32 -69 99.8444232 dB Total Antenna Gain = RSL – Pt + Total Losses Total Antenna Gain = 96.2 dB per site * 2 Total Radome Loss = 0.4 + 20log F (GHz) + 20log D(km) FSL = 142.931 GHz) 5.8444232 dB . R (m) 115 Connector Loss (dB) from specification sheet = 0.2 0.27 R TO B Transmitter Output Power.4 dB Total Circulator Loss = 0.76 Antenna Height.1 0.67872 dB Total Connector Loss = Connector loss per site * 4 Total Connector Loss = 0.337944374 dB Total Radome Loss = 0.03*sqrt(F GHz) Receiver Signal level (RSL) = FM + Receiver Threshold RSL = -31 dB Free Space Loss (FSL) = 92.084486094 0.084486094 Frequency (GHz) 7.5 dB per site * 2 Total Radome Loss = 1 dB Total Losses = FSL + WG loss + Connector Loss + Radome Loss Total Losses = 159.931 Distance (km) 40 Waveguide Loss (@ 7. B (m) 145 Antenna height.5 Connector Loss (dB) 0.4277588 dB Total Waveguide Loss = Waveguide Loss * (Antenna Height B + Antenna Height R+ 2*Allowance) / 100 Total Waveguide Loss = 15.

5 x D^3 x 10^(-FM/10) a= ¼ (for mountainous.4222116 dB Antenna Diameter (d): Antenna Diameter (d)= 10^(( Individual Antenna Gain (dB)-7.5-(20*log(f GHz)))/20) D = 14.Undp)*100% Reliability = 99.5 + 20log F (GHz) + 20 log d (ft) Antenna Gain = 49.02111754 ft Note: Antenna chosen is 15 ft.99978768% .25x10^-6 x a x b x f^1.12317E-06 Reliability = (1 . very rough or very dry) b= 1/8 (mountainous or very dry) Undp = 2. REVERSE CALCULATION Antenna Gain = 7.01676836 dB Receiver Signal Level = Pt + Total Antenna Gain – Total Losses Receiver Signal Level = -29.82765484 dB Fade Margin = Receiver Signal Level – Receiver Threshold Fade Margin = 39.17234516 dB Undp = 1.00838418 dB Total Antenna Gain = Antenna Gain * 2 Total Antenna Gain = 98.28 Individual Antenna Gain = Total Antenna Gain / 2 Antenna Gain = 48.

205222222 0. Next.29 Azimuth A to R / R to A Degrees (°) Minutes (') Seconds ('') R to B / B to R Degrees (°) Minutes (') Seconds ('') San Clemente.5 30 11.4698056 Bamban. Zambales Latitude Longitude Latitude Longitude 15 120 14 120 15 28 55 22 30 11.2645833 15.91667 120.341666667 .4 15.25833333 120.25833 120.3 15. we obtain both a and b for each triangle by subtracting the longitude and latitudes of the antennas.10052778 b 0.38 52.4698056 14. A to R / R to A a b 0.3692778 The coordinates can be represented in circular triangles: AR BR b b a a RA RB The shape of the triangle and the placement of the sides are dependent on the placement of the antennas with respect to north. Tarlac Latitude Longitude Latitude Longitude 15 120 15 120 37 15 15 28 54. Tarlac Bamban.373438889 B to R / R to B a -0.63177222 120. Tarlac Subic.3 0 9.

3954 In Deg/Min/Sec format 196° 23' 43. The angles should be in reference with the true north.60485121 However.904" 151. the Azimuth from true north of RA and BR are as follows: RA In Deg/Min/Sec format 331.20953114 B to R / R to B RB BR -16.2095 331° 12' 34. the Azimuth from true north of AR and RB are as follows: AR In Deg/Min/Sec format 151° 12' 31.615" Similarly. The outer angle AR and RB are the true bearing of antennas A and R respectively.60485121) Thus.3954485 -73. these angles are not the true bearings of each antenna.312" BR 196.536" .79113765 RB= 180.28.20953114 BR=270+(-73. RB and BR.2089 RB 196.(-16.3951 In Deg/Min/Sec format 196° 23' 42. Thus we subtract the angle from 180 degrees to get the azimuth: AR = 180 . This is done by the formula: A to R / R to A AR RA 28.3954485) Thus.79113765 61. we subtract or complement the angle with respect to the north in a clockwise direction.30 We now compute for the angles (in degrees) of AR. we get the outer angle of RA and BR by adding 270 degrees to get the azimuth: RA=270+61. Thus. RA.

Lupena A 151° 12' 31.1 151.4 0.904" 3.5” LAT: 15° 15’ 30” LONG: 120° 28’ 11.5 0.38” LONG: 120° 15’ 52.048 45.8 Standard Elliptical Waveguide 6.99966 3.0498 32 -28.5 0. Tarlac RECEIVER SITE: Bamban.4 5.335 0.6206 99.6772 0.3” PROJECT ENGINEER: Edmund C.794 GHz Site Antenna Azimuth Antenna Diameter (m) Antenna Gain (dB) Tower Height (m) FSL (dB) Circulator Loss (dB) Connector Loss (dB) Radome Loss (dB) Waveguide Loss (dB/100m) Waveguide Type Waveguide Length (m) Total Loss (dB) Transmitter Power (dBm) RSL (dBm) Fade Margin (dB) Reliability (%) Non-Diversity Probability Outage (UndP) PROJECT NAME: LUPS MICROWAVE RELAY STATION LAT: 15° 37’54. Tarlac OPERATING FREQUENCY: 7.31 PATH DATA CALCULATION SHEETS Antenna (A) to Repeater (R) PATH DATA CALCULATION SHEET COMPANY: LUPS TELECOMS TRANSMITTER SITE: San Clemente.3794 40.048 45.335 0.3352 30 Repeater 331° 12' 34.3352 55 143.312" 3.8 5.1 6.35542E-06 .

572 4.1723 99.931 GHz Site Antenna Azimuth Antenna Diameter (m) Antenna Gain (dB) Tower Height (m) FSL (dB) Circulator Loss (dB) Connector Loss (dB) Radome Loss (dB) Waveguide Loss (dB/100m) Waveguide Type Waveguide Length (m) Total Loss (dB) Transmitter Power (dBm) RSL (dBm) Fade Margin (dB) Reliability (%) Non-Diversity Probability Outage (UndP) PROJECT NAME: LUPS MICROWAVE RELAY STATION LAT: 15° 15’ 30” LONG: 120° 28’ 11.1 159.4” PROJECT ENGINEER: Edmund C. Tarlac RECEIVER SITE: Subic.5 0.0084 49.4 0. Lupena Repeater B 196° 23' 43.5 0.0084 145 115 142.4 5.76 5.4278 0.8444 32 -29.1 6.12317E-06 .99979 2.615" 196° 23' 42.76 Standard Elliptical Waveguide 6. Zambales OPERATING FREQUENCY: 7.3379 0.8277 39.3379 0.3” LAT: 14° 55’ 00” LONG: 120° 22’ 9.572 49.32 Repeater (R) to Antenna (B) PATH DATA CALCULATION SHEET COMPANY: LUPS TELECOMS TRANSMITTER SITE: Bamban.536" 4.

4 0.536" 196° 23' 43.73 5.1 159. Zambales RECEIVER SITE: Bamban.99978 2. Lupena B Repeater 196° 23' 42.3” PROJECT ENGINEER: Edmund C.4009 99.1582 49.33 Antenna (B) to Repeater (R) PATH DATA CALCULATION SHEET COMPANY: LUPS TELECOMS TRANSMITTER SITE: Subic.615" 4.5776 0.572 4.17883E-06 .4 5.5 0.9155 32 -29.73 Standard Elliptical Waveguide 6.3409 0.5 0.069 GHz Site Antenna Azimuth Antenna Diameter (m) Antenna Gain (dB) Tower Height (m) FSL (dB) Circulator Loss (dB) Connector Loss (dB) Radome Loss (dB) Waveguide Loss (dB/100m) Waveguide Type Waveguide Length (m) Total Loss (dB) Transmitter Power (dBm) RSL (dBm) Fade Margin (dB) Reliability (%) Non-Diversity Probability Outage (UndP) PROJECT NAME: LUPS MICROWAVE RELAY STATION LAT: 14° 55’ 00” LONG: 120° 22’ 9.1582 115 145 142.572 49.3409 0.4” LAT: 15° 15’ 30” LONG: 120° 28’ 11.5991 39. Tarlac OPERATING FREQUENCY: 8.1 6.

7826 55 A 151° 12' 31.1 6.3” LAT: 15° 37’54. Tarlac RECEIVER SITE: San Clemente.34 Repeater (R) to Antenna (A) PATH DATA CALCULATION SHEET COMPANY: LUPS TELECOMS TRANSMITTER SITE: Bamban.048 45.048 45.5 0.38” LONG: 120° 15’ 52.1857 99.312” 3.5 0.4 0. Lupena Repeater 331° 12' 34.206 GHz Site Antenna Azimuth Antenna Diameter (m) Antenna Gain (dB) Tower Height (m) FSL (dB) Circulator Loss (dB) Connector Loss (dB) Radome Loss (dB) Waveguide Loss (dB/100m) Waveguide Type Waveguide Length (m) Total Loss (dB) Transmitter Power (dBm) RSL (dBm) Fade Margin (dB) Reliability (%) Non-Diversity Probability Outage (UndP) PROJECT NAME: LUPS MICROWAVE RELAY STATION LAT: 15° 15’ 30” LONG: 120° 28’ 11.8143 41. Tarlac OPERATING FREQUENCY: 8.5” PROJECT ENGINEER: Edmund C.3796 32 -27.3438 0.1 151.67 Standard Elliptical Waveguide 6.7826 30 144.904" 3.62497E-06 .99964 3.3438 0.67 5.4 5.1246 0.

35 CONCLUSION When designing a microwave system. After the path profiling. we must consider various factors for it to be in full operation. Overall. path profiling must be conducted to check if there will be a line of sight or if there are obstructions present and possible obstructions. if there are power sources and telephone facilities. We must first consider the location of the sites. . This is done to find out how high the antenna towers must be and if there will be a need to use a repeater. We must place the microwave link in an area where we can give service to many subscribers. After choosing the area. We must also consider the terrain in between the sites to check if there will be reflections. we must consider the operating frequency to be used. We should also note if the area is accessible by road. For its reliability. net losses and the antenna gain. all of the requirements of this design of a Microwave Antenna System are met and the system can be considered reliable. the transmitter power. Another factor to be put into consideration is that if the equipment to be used is available in the market to be able to recalculate the transmission values and the final reliability. we must find out if the proposed sites have high reliability.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful