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Lesson 1 - ‫ﺱ ﺍﻷ ﱠﻭ ﹸﻝ‬

ُ ‫( ﺍﻟ ﱠﺪ ْﺭ‬١)

Lesson 1 - ‫ ٰﺫﺍﻫـ‬- 'This is..'


• Please read the sentences below. After completing the sentences we shall go over the rules for
this lesson.

• In Part 1 of Lesson 1 we learn how to use the pronoun ‫ـﺬﺍ‬


ٰ ‫ ﻫ‬which means 'This' (called the
demonstrative pronoun in grammar). haadhaa is pronounced ‫ﻫَﺎﺫﹶﺍ‬ but is written without the

first alif. The second word is the noun (object) being referred to e.g. ‫َﺑ ْﻴﺖ‬means house.
• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words should be
pronounced.

.‫ﺏ‬
 ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ِﻛﺘَﺎ‬ . ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﺑَﺎﺏ‬ . ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺠ‬
ِ‫ﺴ‬ْ ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ َﻣ‬ . ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ َﺑ ْﻴﺖ‬
This is a book This is a door This is a Mosque This is a house

• Arabic has no word which is equal to the English word "is" which is referred to as a copula in

grammar. We can see this rule demonstrated above where we see the words for ‫ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬and
the noun/object ْ ‫ َﻣ‬being referred to without any copula. i.e. ٌ‫ﺴﺠِﺪ‬
‫ﺴﺠِﺪ‬ ْ ‫ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ َﻣ‬. If read
literally this sentence would read "This Mosque", however, the word "is" can be implied in this
sentence so that it reads "This is a Mosque"
• There is no word in Arabic corresponding to "a" in English as in: "This is a book". The n-sound,
i.e. the tanween (doubled vowel sign) at the end of the Arabic noun (kitabu-n, baitu-n,
masjidu-n) is the Arabic indefinite article corresponding to the English "a/an".

• Please click on the button for part 2 below to move onto the next section where we will practise
this principle further Insha'Allah.
Lesson 1 - ‫ﺫﺍٰﻫـ‬ - 'This is..' continued

• Insha'Allah (God-Willing), we will continue practicing with some more examples of using the

phrase haadhaa ( ‫ )ﺫﺍٰﻫـ‬which means 'This is'.


• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words should be
pronounced.

‫ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬‫ﺮ ِﺳﻰ‬ ‫ ﹸﻛ‬. . ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺳ ِﺮ‬ ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬ . ‫ﺘﺐ‬‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻣ ﹾﻜ‬


This is a chair. This is a bed. This is a desk.

.‫ﺡ‬
 ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ِﻣ ﹾﻔﺘ‬ . ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻠ‬
This is a key. This is a pen.

• We have learnt how to say 'This is' using the phrase haadhaa. Now, we will learn how to say
'What is this' to ask a question followed by the answers to the questions Insha'Allah. Please
click on part 3 below to proceed.
Lesson 1 - ‫ٰﺫﺍﻣﺎ ﻫـ‬/ ‫ ﺃﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬- 'What is
this'/'Is this a..'

• In this part of lesson 1 we will learn the phrase ‫ ٰﺫﺍ ﻣﺎ ﻫـ‬which means "What's this".
We shall then answer the questions with the phrase we learnt in the earlier lessons, i.e.
haadhaa

(‫ )ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬. We will also learn the phrase ‫ ﺃﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬which means "Is this...", for example
ٌ‫ ﺃﻫـٰﺬﺍ َﺑ ْﻴﺖ‬which means "Is this a house."
• In addition, we will learn the words for Yes and No in Arabic to answer these questions. The

word for Yes in Arabic is ‫ َﻧ َﻌ ْﻢ‬and the word for No in Arabic is ‫ ﹶﻻ‬.
• As we have already learnt, the Arabic script is read from right to left, please read the
sentences below from right to left.

• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words should be
pronounced.

Picture: Answer: Question:

. ٌ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ َﺑ ْﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬


This is a house. What is this?

. ٌ‫ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ َﺑ ْﻴﺖ‬،ْ‫َﻧ َﻌﻢ‬ ٌ‫ﺃﻫـٰﺬﺍ َﺑ ْﻴﺖ‬


Yes, this is a house. Is this a house?
.‫ﺺ‬
ٌ ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﹶﻗ ِﻤ ْﻴ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬
This is a shirt. What is this?

. ٌ‫ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﹸﻛ ْﺮ ِﺳﻲ‬،‫ﻻﹶ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـٰﺬﺍ َﺳ ِﺮْﻳﺮٌ؟‬


No, this is a chair. Is this a bed?

. ‫ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﹶﻗ ﹶﻠ ٌﻢ‬،‫ﻻﹶ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـٰﺬﺍ ِﻣ ﹾﻔﺘَﺎﺡٌ؟‬


No, this is a pen. Is this a key?

.ٌ‫ﺠﻢ‬
ْ ‫ـﺬﺍ َﻧ‬
ٰ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬
This is a star. What is this?

• In the next lesson we will learn the word ‫َﻣ ْﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬ which means "Who is this?"

followed by some more sentences to revise what we have learnt in this lesson, Insha'Allah.
Lesson 1 - Exercise 3

• We have practised reading words and learning phrases and grammar. However, it is
very important to learn how to write Arabic while you are learning the language.
Please read the sentences below and write them down on a piece of paper. You have
already learnt what the sentences below mean in the earlier part of the lesson so try
to remember what they mean also.

• In Arabic, more experienced readers do not require the vowel-marks or diacritical


marks to read the word. We have started lesson 1 showing all the vowel-marks, for

example ‫ﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑ‬ (house) where we can see the fatha, sukun and damma. However,
with experience, we know from a combination of the letters used and the context of
the sentence what the word actually means. Below, the words will appear without
vowel-marks or diacritical marks (e.g. sukun, fatha, kasra etc). Hence, the word will

be written in Arabic as ‫ ﺑﻴﺖ‬.


• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words
should be pronounced.

٣ Exercise - (٣) ‫ﲤـﺮﻳﻦ‬

Write Read and :‫ﺐ‬


 ‫ﺮﹾﺃ ﻭﺍ ﹾﻛُﺘ‬ ‫ِﺍ ﹾﻗ‬
. ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻗﻠﻢ‬ .‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ‬ .‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻣﻜﺘﺐ‬
. ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻛﺮﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ؟‬ .‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﺳﺮﻳﺮ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬
. ‫ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ‬،‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﺑﻴﺖ؟‬
. ‫ﻣﻔﺘﺎﺡ‬

• In the next lesson we will learn the word ‫ﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬ ‫ﻣ‬ which means "Who is

this?" followed by some more sentences to revise what we have learnt in this
lesson, Insha'Allah.
Lesson 1 - ‫ﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬ ‫ﻣ‬ - 'Who is this?'

• In this section we shall cover the phrase ‫ﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬ ‫ﻣ‬ which means 'Who is this?'.
We shall then answer the questions and learn some more words, Insha'Allah.

• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words should
be pronounced.

Picture: Answer: Question:

. ٌ‫ﺐ‬‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﹶﻃِﺒﻴ‬ ‫ﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ؟‬ ‫ﻣ‬


This is a doctor. Who is this?

. ٌ‫ﻭﻟﹶﺪ‬ ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ؟‬ ‫ﻣ‬


This is a boy. Who is this?

. ٌ‫ـﺬﺍ ﻃﹶﺎﻟِﺐ‬
ٰ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ؟‬ ‫ﻣ‬
This is a student. Who is this?

. ‫ﺟﻞﹲ‬ ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ؟‬ ‫ﻣ‬


This is a man. Who is this?

. ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺠ‬
ِ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬
This is a mosque. What is this?

. ‫ﺎ ِﺟﺮ‬‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ؟‬ ‫ﻣ‬


This is a merchant. Who is this?
Lesson 1 - More Practice

• In this section we shall cover a number of the phrases we have already learnt and we shall
learn some new vocabulary.

• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words should

be pronounced.

Picture: Answer: Question:

. ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬


This is a dog. What is this?

.‫ﻂ‬
‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ِﻗ ﱞ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬
This is a cat. What is this?

. ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ِﺣﻤ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬


This is a donkey. What is this?

. ‫ﺎﻥﹲ‬‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ِﺣﺼ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬


This is a horse. What is this?

. ‫ﻤ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬


This is a camel. What is this?

. ‫ﻳﻚ‬‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ِﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬


This is a rooster. What is this?
Lesson 1 - More Practice / Reading and Writing Practice

• In this section we shall cover a number of the phrases we have already learnt and we shall
learn some new vocabulary, Insha'Allah.

• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words should be
pronounced.

Picture: Answer: Question:

. ‫ﺭﺱ‬ّ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ـﺬﺍ‬


ٰ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ؟‬ ‫ﻣ‬
This is a teacher. Who is This?

. ‫ﻳ ﹲﻞ‬‫ﻨ ِﺪ‬ ‫ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ِﻣ‬،‫ﻻ‬ ‫؟‬‫ﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺃﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﹶﻗ ِﻤ‬


No, this is a handkerchief. Is this a shirt?

• Insha'Allah, in the next part of this lesson we will practice writing and reading skills. Please
write out the following words below including their translation. It is important to practice
writing in the duration of this course and to be able to read without translations. If you are
unsure what the words below mean, please revisit the previous sections of this lesson, all the
words below have already been covered earlier.
• You will also notice that the words below do not have vowel-marks, i.e. damma, kasra and
fatha. The vowel-marks have been deliberately omitted because when you read Arabic in
normal literature, vowel-marks are seldom used. The context and your experience of words
will enable you to read the word properly. The words below should be apparent without the
vowel-marks as we have covered them several times already.

Write Read and :‫ﺐ‬


 ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺮﹾﺃ ﻭﺍ ﹾﻛ‬ ‫ِﺍ ﹾﻗ‬
.‫( ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻛﻠﺐ‬۲) .‫( ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻗﻠﻢ‬۱)
. ‫( ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﲨﻞ‬٤) . ‫( ﻣﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻃﺒﻴﺐ‬۳)

. ‫( ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﺩﻳﻚ ؟ ﻧﻌﻢﺃ‬٦) .‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻗﻂﺃ‬،‫( ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻛﻠﺐ؟ ﻻ‬٥)

.‫( ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻣﻨﺪﻳﻞ‬٨) .‫( ﺃﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﺣﺼﺎﻥ ؟ﻻ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﲪﺎﺭ‬٧)

. ‫ـﺬﺍ ﺭﺟﻞ‬
ٰ ‫( ﻣﻦ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟ ﻫ‬۱۰) .‫( ﻫـٰﺬﺍ ﻭﻟﺪ؟ ﻧﻌﻢﺃ‬٩)

• You have now completed lesson 1. To summarise, the areas we have covered are:

o The Demonstrative Pronoun - ‫ـﺬﺍ‬


ٰ ‫'( ﻫ‬This is..')
o The particle ‫ ﺃ‬as in ‫ ﺃﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬i.e. 'Is This a...?'
o The word ‫ ﻣﺎ‬which means 'what' as in ‫ ﻣﺎ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬- 'What is this?'
o The words for Yes and No - ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ and ‫ ﻻ‬respectively.
o The word ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ which means 'who' as in ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ ﻫـٰﺬﺍ؟‬- 'Who is this?'
o Several new words - these have to be memorised as vocabulary is very important to
learn the Arabic language.

• If you feel confident with the lesson covered, please move on to the next lesson where we

will cover the Demonstrative Pronoun - ‫َ ٰﺫﻟِﻚ‬which means ('That is..'). Insha'Allah the next
lesson is a short and relatively straightforward lesson. Please click on Lesson 2 below to go
to the next lesson.
Lesson 2 - ‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧـﻲ‬ (٢)

Lesson 2 - ‫َﺫﻟِﻚ‬- 'That is...'

• In Part 1 of Lesson 2 we learn the pronoun ‫َﺫﻟِﻚ‬which means 'That' (called a


demonstrative pronoun in grammar). Dhalika is used to refer to objects that are farther
away whereas haadhaa is used to refer to objects that are closer.

• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words should be
pronounced.

Picture: Answer: Question:

ٌ‫ﺠﻢ‬
 ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻚ‬
 ‫ﺫِﻟ‬ ‫ﻚ؟‬
 ‫ﻣﺎ ﺫِﻟ‬
What is That?
That is a star.

ٌ‫ﻚ ﺑﻴﺖ‬
 ‫ﺠ ٌﺪ ﻭﺫِﻟ‬
ِ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ـﺬﺍ‬
ٰ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻚ‬
 ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺫِﻟ‬ ‫ـﺬﺍ‬
ٰ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫ‬
This is a mosque and that is a
house. What is this and what is that?

 ‫ﺎﻥﹲ ﻭﺫِﻟ‬‫ﻚ ٌ ِﺣﺼ‬


‫ﻚ ﺣِﻤﺎﺭ ﺫﺍٰﻫـ‬  ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺫِﻟ‬ ‫ـﺬﺍ‬
ٰ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫ‬
This is a horse and that is a
donkey. What is this and what is that?

ٌ‫ﻚ ِﻗﻂﹲ‬
 ‫ ﺫِﻟ‬،‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻚ ﹶﻛ ﹾﻠﺐٌ؟‬
 ‫ﺃﺫِﻟ‬
No, that is a cat. Is that a dog?

ٌ‫ﺳﺮِﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻚ‬
 ‫ﺫِﻟ‬ ‫ﻚ؟‬
 ‫ﻣﺎ ﺫِﻟ‬
What is That?
That is a bed.

‫ﺎﻡ ﺫﺍٰﻫـ‬‫ﻚ ِﺇﻣ‬


 ‫ﺫِﻟ‬‫ﺭﺱٌ ﻭ‬ّ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻚ ؟ ٌﻣ‬
 ‫ﻦ ﺫِﻟ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ـﺬﺍ ﻭ‬
ٰ ‫ﻦ ﻫ‬ ‫ﻣ‬
This is a teacher and that is an
Who is this and who is that?
imam.
Lesson 2 - ‫َﺫﻟِﻚ‬- 'That is...' continued
• Insha'Allah, we will continue practising the demonstrative pronoun Dhalika which refers to
objects that are farther away.

• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words should be
pronounced.

Picture: Answer: Question:

‫ﺠ ٌﺮ‬
 ‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻚ‬
 ‫ﺫِﻟ‬ ‫ﻚ؟‬
 ‫ﻣﺎ ﺫِﻟ‬
That is a rock. What is That?

‫ﺒ ٌﻦ‬‫ﺳ ﱠﻜﺮٌﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﹶﻟ‬ ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﻚ‬


 ‫ﻭ ﻣﺎ ﺫِﻟ‬ ‫ـﺬﺍ‬
ٰ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫ‬
This is sugar and that is a milk. What is this and what is that?

• Please read the words below and then write them down on a piece of paper. Once again, this
will enable you to practice writing Arabic which is a very important part of learning the
language.

Write Read and :‫ﺐ‬


 ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺮﹾﺃ ﻭﺍ ﹾﻛ‬ ‫ِﺍ ﹾﻗ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ؟ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﻣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺳ ﱠﻜﺮٌ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﱭ‬ ‫ﻫـٰﺬﺍ‬
‫ﻣﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ؟ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺣﺠﺮ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﻠﺐ‬،‫ﺃﺫﻟﻚ ﻗﻂ ؟ ﻻ‬

New Vocabulary : ‫ﺪﺓﹸ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺠ ِﺪ‬


 ‫ﺕ ﺍﹾﻟ‬
 ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ِﻠﻤ‬
Arabic: ‫ﺒ ٌﻦ‬‫ﹶﻟ‬ ٌ‫ﺳ ﱠﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﺠ ٌﺮ‬
 ‫ﺣ‬ ٌ‫ﺇِﻣﺎﻡ‬
English
Milk Sugar Rock Imam (Muslim Prayer Leader)
Translation:

• Please move onto the next lesson where we cover the use of the definite article (i.e. 'the').
Lesson 3 -‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟ ﹸ‬
ُ ‫( ﺍﻟﺪﺭ‬٣)

Lesson 3 - ‫ ﺍﻝ‬- 'The Definite Article (The)'


• In this lesson we will learn about the definite article ‫ ال‬which corresponds to the word
'The' in the English Language (known as the definite article in grammar as it refers to a
specific object.

• Take particular note of the change in the vowel ending when a word is changed to it's
definite form, i.e. the tanween (double vowel) which represents indefinite form e.g. a
house has been changed to a single damma. It is hence also important to remember that
a word can never take alif lam at the beginning and tanween at the same time (i.e. it can
never be both indefinite and definite at the same time).

• Remember, start reading from right to left. The first two sentence will illustrate the
change in form from indefinite form (e.g. a house) to definite form (e.g. the house).

• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words should be
pronounced.

: ٌ‫ﺴﺠِﺪ‬
ْ ‫َﻣ‬
‫ﺏ‬
ُ ‫ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎ‬: ‫ﺏ‬
 ‫ِﻛﺘَﺎ‬ ُ‫ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠﻢ‬: ‫ﻗﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﺖ‬
ُ ‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟَﺒ ْﻴ‬: ‫ﺑﻴﺖ‬
ُ ‫ﺍﻟﹾـﻤ‬
‫َﺴﺠﺪ‬
A mosque :The mosque The book: A book The pen: A pen The house: A house
Lesson 3 - ‫ ﺍﻝ‬- 'The Definite Article (The)'
continued...

• Insha'Allah (God-Willing), we will study some practical sentences using the definite article
(‫ )ال‬which corresponds to 'the' in the English language.

• Please click on the words or pictures to hear speech, i.e. how the words should be
pronounced.

Picture: Translation: Arabic:

The pen is broken. ‫ﻮ ٌﺭ‬ ‫ﺴ‬


 ‫ﻣ ﹾﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠﻢ‬

The door is open. ٌ‫ﻮﺡ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹾﻔﺘ‬ ‫ﺏ‬


 ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺒ‬

The boy is sitting and the


‫ﺱ‬
 ‫ﺭ‬ّ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﹾﻟـ‬ ، ٌ‫ﺎِﻟﺲ‬‫ ﺟ‬‫ﻮﹶﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬
teacher is standing.
ٌ‫ﺍ ِﻗﻒ‬‫ﻭ‬
• We shall continue with some more practical sentences, please make an effort to memorise
the words and common sentence structures. Please click on the words or pictures to
hear speech.

Picture: Translation: Arabic:

The book is new and the pen is


‫ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠﻢ‬‫ﻳ ٌﺪ ﻭ‬‫ﺟ ِﺪ‬ ‫ﺏ‬
 ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎ‬
old.
‫ﻳ ٌﻢ‬‫ﹶﻗ ِﺪ‬
The donkey is small and the
‫ﺎﻥﹸ‬‫ﺤﺼ‬
ِ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﻴ ٌﺮ ﻭ‬ ‫ﺻ ِﻐ‬
 ‫ﹶﺍﳊِﻤﺎﺭ‬
horse is big.
‫ﻴ ٌﺮ‬ ‫ﹶﻛِﺒ‬
The chair is broken. ‫ﻮ ٌﺭ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﻲ ﻣ ﹾﻜ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺮ ِﺳ‬

The handkerchief is dirty. ‫ﺦ‬


ٌ ‫ﻭ ِﺳ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹸﻞ‬‫ﻨ ِﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـ ِﻤ‬

The water is cold. ٌ‫ﺎ ِﺭﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟـﻤﺎ ُﺀ ﺑ‬

The moon is beautiful. ‫ﻴ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﺟ ِﻤ‬ ‫ﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ‬

The house is near and the


‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺠ‬
ِ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﹶﻤ‬
ٌ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺖ ﹶﻗ ِﺮ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬
mosque is far.
‫ﻴ ٌﺪ‬ ‫ﺑ ِﻌ‬

The rock is heavy and the paper


‫ﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻴﻞﹲ ﻭﺍﻟ‬ ‫ ﹶﺛ ِﻘ‬‫ﺠﺮ‬
‫ﳊ‬‫ﺍﹶ‬
is light.
‫ﻒ‬
ٌ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺧ ِﻔ‬

The milk is hot. ٌ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ ﺣ‬‫ﺒﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻠ‬

The shirt is clean. ‫ﻒ‬


ٌ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻧ ِﻈ‬ ‫ﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ِﻤ‬

• In the next lesson we will go over some questions to test the areas you have learnt in this
lesson Insha'Allah.
Lesson 3 -‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟ ﹸ‬
ُ ‫( ﺍﻟﺪﺭ‬٣)
Questions - ‫ﲤـﺮﻳﻦ‬
• In the next section we will have multiple questions Insha'Allah (God-Willing) to test your
understanding of the principles we have learnt. To answer the questions:
o Click on the question number you would like to answer (this will be higlighted in
blue once you click to show that it is the active question).
o Click on the letters on the keyboard in the lower frame to type in the answer in
Arabic automatically under the question. The joining of letters is automatic,
hence focus on simply spelling the letters and familiarise yourself with how the
letters are joined.
o Click on the next question and use the keyboard again to enter the answer.
o Upon completion of all questions click on the Mark Answer button to obtain your
mark.

• Please enter the answers to the questions below using the keyboard and mark
your answers as per commentary (above).

:‫ﺕ‬
ِ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺍ ِﺧ ِﺮ ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜ ِﻠﻤ‬‫ﻂ ﹶﺃﻭ‬
ِ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺿ‬
 ‫ﻊ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺐ‬
 ‫ﺍ ﹾﻛُﺘ‬‫ِﺍﻗﹾﺮﹾﺃ ﻭ‬ (۱)
The Arabic sentence above means "Read and write the following words again with the
correct endings". In each of the words below simply type the word again using the
keyboard (as above) with the vowel-marks and punctuation, e.g. masjidu = masjidun
as below:

‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺠ‬
ِ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻣ‬ = ‫ﺴﺠِﺪ‬
 ‫ﻣ‬
Remember a word can be either definite (with alif laam but not tanween) or indefinite
(with no alif laam but with tanween). The proper pronunciation (and hence answers)
can be heard by clicking on the speakers by the sentences, but please don't click on
these until you have attempted to complete the exercise so that you may benefit
Insha'Allah.

‫ﺖ‬‫ﺒﻴ‬‫( ﺍﹶﻟ‬٤) ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫( ﻣ‬٣) ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫( ﹶﺍﹾﻟﻤ‬٢) ‫ﺴﺠِﺪ‬


 ‫ﻤ‬ ‫( ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬١)
‫( ﹶﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻜﻠﹾﺐ‬٨) ‫( ﹶﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘﻠﹶﻢ‬٧) ‫( ﹶﻗﻠﹶﻢ‬٦) ‫ﺎﺏ‬‫( ﺑ‬٥)
‫ﻮﻟﹶﺪ‬ ‫( ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬١٢) ‫ﺮ‬‫ﳊﺠ‬
‫( ﹶﺍ ﹶ‬١١) ‫ﻭﻟﹶﺪ‬ (١٠) ‫ﺺ‬‫( ﹶﻗ ِﻤﻴ‬٩)
‫ﺎﻥ‬‫( ِﺣﺼ‬١٦) ‫ﺎﻥ‬‫ﺤﺼ‬
ِ ‫( ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬١٥) ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫ﺤﻤ‬
ِ ‫( ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬١٤) ‫ﺎﺭ‬‫( ِﺣﻤ‬١٣)
Lesson 3 -‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟ ﹸ‬
ُ ‫( ﺍﻟﺪﺭ‬٣)
Questions - ‫ﲤـﺮﻳﻦ‬
• In the next section we will have multiple questions Insha'Allah (God-Willing) to test
your understanding of the principles we have learnt. To answer the questions:
o Click on the question number you would like to answer (this will be higlighted in
blue once you click to show that it is the active question).
o Click on the letters on the keyboard in the lower frame to type in the answer in
Arabic automatically under the question. The joining of letters is automatic,
hence focus on simply spelling the letters and familiarise yourself with how the
letters are joined.
o Click on the next question and use the keyboard again to enter the answer.
o Upon completion of all questions click on the Mark Answer button to obtain your
mark.

• Please enter the answers to the questions below using the keyboard and mark
your answers as per commentary (above).

:‫ﺐ‬
 ‫ﻭ ﹾﻛُﺘ‬ ‫ِﺍﻗﹾﺮﹾﺃ‬ (٢)
The Arabic sentence above means "Read and write". In each of the sentences below
simply type the words again using the keyboard as in the previous questions and
including the vowel-marks which have been omitted. Once again, upon completing the
exercise you can click on the speakers by each sentence to hear the correct
pronunciation and hence answers.

‫ﺍﻟـﻤﺪﺭﺱ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﻤﻜﺘﺐ ﻣﻜﺴﻮﺭ‬


‫ﺍﻟﻠﱭ ﺑﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻤﻴﺺ ﻭﺳﺦ‬
‫ﺍﻟـﺤﺠﺮ ﻛﺒﲑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـﻤﺴﺠﺪ ﻣﻔﺘﻮﺡ‬
‫ﺍ ِﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺟﺎﻟﺲ ﻭﺍﻟـﻤﺪﺭﺱ ﻭﺍﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﱭ ﺑﺎﺭﺩ ﻭﺍﻟـﻤﺎﺀ ﺣﺎﺭ‬
‫ﺍﻟـﻤﻨﺪﻳﻞ ﻧﻈﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺮ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ‬
٣ Lesson -‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟ ﹸ‬
ُ ‫( ﺍﻟﺪﺭ‬٣)
Questions - ‫ﲤـﺮﻳﻦ‬
• In the next section we will have multiple questions Insha'Allah (God-Willing) to test your
understanding of the principles we have learnt. To answer the questions:
o Click on the question number you would like to answer (this will be higlighted in blue
once you click to show that it is the active question).
o Click on the letters on the keyboard in the lower frame to type in the answer in Arabic
automatically under the question. The joining of letters is automatic, hence focus on
simply spelling the letters and familiarise yourself with how the letters are joined.
o Click on the next question and use the keyboard again to enter the answer.
o Upon completion of all questions click on the Mark Answer button to obtain your mark.

• Please enter the answers to the questions below using the keyboard and mark your
answers as per commentary (above).

: ‫ﻸ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﻍ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ‬‫ِﺍﻣ‬ (٣)

The Arabic sentence above means "Fill in the blanks with the words given". For each of
the sentences, type out the full sentence using the words below - e.g. for the first
question, click on the question and type as below (include vowel-marks).

‫ﻴ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﺠﺮُ ﹶﺛ ِﻘ‬


‫ﺤ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬
The words to use to complete the sentences are:

‫ﻒ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺧ ِﻔ‬ - ‫ﻴ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ ﹶﺛ ِﻘ‬- ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﺣ‬- ‫ﺡ‬
 ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹾﻔُﺘ‬ - ‫ﺦ‬
 ‫ﻭ ِﺳ‬ - ‫ﻴ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﺟ ِﻤ‬
Once again - by clicking on the speakers you can hear the correct answer to the
question. Please do not do this until you have attempted the exercise.

QUESTIONS:

.......‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ‬ .......‫ﺍﻟـﺤﺠﺮ‬
.......‫ﺍﻟﻮﺭﻕ‬ .......‫ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺮ‬
.......‫ﺍﻟﻠﱭ‬ .......‫ﺍﻟـﻤﻨﺪﻳﻞ‬
٣ Lesson -‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟ ﹸ‬
ُ ‫( ﺍﻟﺪﺭ‬٣)
Questions - ‫ﲤـﺮﻳﻦ‬
• In the next section we will have multiple questions Insha'Allah (God-Willing) to test your
understanding of the principles we have learnt. To answer the questions:
o Click on the question number you would like to answer (this will be higlighted in blue
once you click to show that it is the active question).
o Click on the letters on the keyboard in the lower frame to type in the answer in Arabic
automatically under the question. The joining of letters is automatic, hence focus on
simply spelling the letters and familiarise yourself with how the letters are joined.
o Click on the next question and use the keyboard again to enter the answer.
o Upon completion of all questions click on the Mark Answer button to obtain your mark.

• Please enter the answers to the questions below using the keyboard and mark your
answers as per commentary (above).

: ‫ﻸ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﻍ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ ﺑﻮﺿﻊ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬


ْ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬ (٤)

The Arabic sentence above means "Fill in the blanks with suitable words". For each of
the questions below, type out the full sentence starting with the word in the bracket
followed by the word noted. E.g. for the first question, click on the question and type
as below (include vowel-marks). Once again, the sound has been included (click on
speaker icon by sentence to hear) but once again please only listen to the sentences
after doing the exercises.

‫ﻒ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻧ ِﻈ‬ ُ‫ﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﹶﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ ِﻤ‬
QUESTIONS:

(The pen) ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬


ُ ‫ﻣ ﹾﻜ‬ ......... (The handkerchief ) ‫ﻒ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻧ ِﻈ‬ .........
(The mosque) ‫ ﹶﻗﺮِﻳﺐ‬......... (The water) ‫ﺎ ِﺭﺩ‬‫ ﺑ‬.........
(The teacher) ‫ﺍ ِﻗﻒ‬‫ ﻭ‬......... (The moon) ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ ِﻌ‬ .........
(The stone) ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ ﹶﻛِﺒ‬......... (The student) ‫ﺎِﻟﺲ‬‫ ﺟ‬.........
(The bed) ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺟ ِﺪ‬ ......... (The house) ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ ﹶﻗ ِﺪ‬.........
٣ Lesson -‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟ ﹸ‬
ُ ‫( ﺍﻟﺪﺭ‬٣)
Questions - ‫ﲤـﺮﻳﻦ‬
• In the next section we will learn some new vocabulary and we shall also learn the rules
relating to the sun and moon letters. The most important point to understand with this
rule is that it governs the spoken (pronunciation) Arabic and not the written word.
• Arabic has 28 letters. Of these 14 letters are called Solar Leters, and the other 14 are called
Lunar letters. In the articulation (speaking) of the Solar letters, the tip or blade of the
tongue is involved as in t, n, r, s, etc. The tip or blade of the tongue does not play any part
in the articulation of the Lunar Letters as in b, w, m, k etc.
• When alif-laam <<al>> is prefixed to a noun beginning with a Solar letter, the <<l>> of
<<al>> is assimilated (joined) to the Solar Letter, e.g. al-shams (the sun) is pronounced
ash-shamsu.

• No change takes place in writing ( ‫ﺲ‬


 ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺸ‬
 ‫)ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬. The assimilation is indicated by the shaddah
on the first letter of the noun after <<al>>.
• No such assimilation takes place with the Lunar Letters, e.g. al-qamaru (the moon) is

pronounced al-qamaru ( ‫ﻤﺮ‬ ‫)ﹶﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ‬. Here are some more examples of the assimilation of the

<<l>> of <<al>> to the Solar Letters (don't worry about the meanings of the words yet):
o al-najmu becomes an-najmu.
o al-rajulu becomes ar-rajulu.
o al-diku becomes ad-diku.
o al-samaku becomes as-samaku.

Note that the <<a>> of <<al>> is pronounced only when it is not preceded by another
word. If it is preceded by a word it is dropped in pronunciation, though it remains in writing,
e.g. wal-baitu. Here the <<a>> is dropped and the phrase is pronounced wal-baitu not wa
al-baitu. To indicate this omission in pronunciation, this sign: << >> is placed above the
hamzah.

• The initial vowel (a, i, or u) which is omitted when preceded by a word is called hamazatu l-
wasl.
• We have learnt that the tanwin is the indefinite article, and it is to be translated as <<a>>

e.g. ‫ﺖ‬
ٌ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﺑ‬ means a house. This rule does not apply to adjectives like ‫ﺡ‬
ٌ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻣ ﹾﻔ‬ "open", and
‫ﻮ ٌﺭ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ﻣ ﹾﻜ‬ "broken".
٣ Lesson -‫ﺚ‬
‫ﺱ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟ ﹸ‬
ُ ‫( ﺍﻟﺪﺭ‬٣)
Questions - ‫ﲤـﺮﻳﻦ‬

:(‫ﻣ ِﺔ )ﺃ‬ ‫ﻣ ِﺔ )ﺏ( ﺗﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﹶﺎِﺃ‬ ‫ﺮ ﻛﻠﻤ ﹰﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺎِﺃ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺧ‬ ‫( ِﺍ‬۳)

• The sentence above means "Match the words in (‫)ﺃ‬ with those in (‫" )ﺏ‬. Please write

the following answers with a pen and paper joining the letters. It is important that you
practice your writing skills in the duration of this course to master the language
Insha'Allah. This will be followed by vocabulary. To hear the pronunciation of any of
the words or vocabulary, click on the word/ sentence.

QUESTION:

( ‫)ﺏ‬ (‫)ﺃ‬
‫ﹶﻟﺬِﻳﺬﹲ‬ ‫ﺐ‬
ُ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﱠﺎﻟ‬
‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻣ ﹾﻜﺴُﻮ‬ ‫ﺪﻛﱠﺎ ﹸﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬
‫ﹶﺛﻘِﻴﻞﹲ‬ ‫ﺡ‬
ُ ‫ﺘﻔﱠﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬
‫ﻣ ﹾﻔﺘُﻮﺡ‬ ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟـﻤ‬
‫ﻣﺮِﻳﺾ‬ ُ‫ﺠﺮ‬
‫ﳊ‬‫ﺍﹶ‬
‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺎ‬ ُ‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻘ ﹶﻠﻢ‬
For the answer to the questions click here.

New Vocabulary:

:‫ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺪﺓ‬
Sweet ‫ُﺣ ﹾﻠﻮ‬ Old ‫ﻢ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶﻗ ِﺪ‬
Sick ‫ﺾ‬
 ‫ﻳ‬‫ﻣ ِﺮ‬ Near ‫ﺐ‬
 ‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶﻗ ِﺮ‬
Shop ‫ﺪﻛﱠﺎ ﹸﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬ Far Away ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺑ ِﻌ‬
Rich ‫ﻲ‬ ‫ﹶﻏِﻨ‬ Clean ‫ﻒ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻧ ِﻈ‬
Tall ‫ﻳ ﹲﻞ‬‫ﹶﻃ ِﻮ‬ Dirty ‫ﺦ‬
 ‫ﻭ ِﺳ‬
Poor ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶﻓ ِﻘ‬ Small ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺻ ِﻐ‬

Short ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
ِ ‫ﹶﻗ‬ Big ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶﻛِﺒ‬
Apple ‫ﺡ‬
ُ ‫ﺍﻟُﺘﻔﱠﺎ‬ Light ‫ﻒ‬
 ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺧ ِﻔ‬
Cold ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﺎ ِﺭ‬‫ﺑ‬ Heavy ‫ﻴ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﹶﺛ ِﻘ‬
Hot ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺣ‬ Paper ُ‫ﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬
Sitting ‫ﺎِﻟﺲ‬‫ﺟ‬ Water ‫ﺎ ُﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟـﻤ‬
Standing ‫ﺍ ِﻗﻒ‬‫ﻭ‬ Beautiful ‫ﻴ ﹲﻞ‬ ‫ﺟ ِﻤ‬
New ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺟ ِﺪ‬
‫ﻴ ﹸﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬
ِ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺸ‬
 ‫ﻑ ﺍﻟ‬
 ‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺤ‬
 ‫ﺍﹾﻟ‬‫ﻳﺔﹸ ﻭ‬‫ﻤ ِﺮ‬ ‫ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ‬‫ﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶﺍﹾﻟﺤ‬
• The sentence above means "The Moon and The Sun Letters". See
section 7 (which should have already been covered) if you do not already
understand the rules relating to the sun and the moon letters. Remember,
this rule affects the pronunciation of the word and not the written form.
Please listen carefully to the pronunciation. Pay attention to how the

letters in the Sun Letters ( ‫ﻴ ﹸﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬


ِ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺸ‬
 ‫ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫)ﹶﺍﹾﻟﺤ‬, the laam of alif-laam is
assimilated to the first letter in pronunciation. The table below covers each
letter in the Arabic alphabet along with an example of a word which starts
with that letter under the relevant column depending on whether it is a
sun or moon letter.

QUESTION:

The Sun Letters: The Moon Letters:

‫ﻴ ﹸﺔ‬‫ﺴ‬
ِ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺸ‬
 ‫ ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶﺍﹾﻟﺤ‬ ‫ﻳﺔﹸ‬‫ﻤ ِﺮ‬ ‫ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ‬‫ﻭﻑ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶﺍﹾﻟﺤ‬
‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺎ ِﺟ‬‫ ﺍﹶﻟﺘ‬: ‫( ﺕ‬۱) ‫ﺏ‬
 ‫ ﺍﹶﻷ‬: ‫( ﺃ‬۱)
‫ﺏ‬
 ‫ ﺍﹶﻟﺜﱠﻮ‬: ‫( ﺙ‬۲) ‫ﺏ‬
 ‫ﺎ‬‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟﺒ‬: ‫( ﺏ‬۲)
‫ﻚ‬
 ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬ ‫ ﺍﹶﻟ‬: ‫( ﺩ‬۳) ‫ﻨﺔﹸ‬‫ﺠ‬
 ‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬: ‫( ﺝ‬۳)
‫ﻫﺐ‬ ‫ ﺍﹶﻟ ﱠﺬ‬: ‫( ﺫ‬٤) ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤﻤ‬
ِ ‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬: ‫( ﺡ‬٤)
‫ﺟ ﹸﻞ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ ﺍﹶﻟ‬: ‫( ﺭ‬٥) ‫ﺒﺰ‬ ‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟﺨ‬: ‫( ﺥ‬٥)
‫ﺮﺓﹸ‬ ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺰ‬ ‫ ﺍﹶﻟ‬: ‫( ﺯ‬٦) ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬: ‫( ﻉ‬٦)
‫ﻤﻚ‬ ‫ﺴ‬
 ‫ ﺍﹶﻟ‬: ‫( ﺱ‬٧) ‫ﺍ ُﺀ‬‫ﻐﺪ‬ ‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‬: ‫( ﻍ‬٧)
‫ﺲ‬
 ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺸ‬
 ‫ ﺍﹶﻟ‬: ‫( ﺵ‬۸) ‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻔﻢ‬: ‫( ﻑ‬۸)
‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﺼ‬
 ‫ ﺍﹶﻟ‬: ‫( ﺹ‬۹) ‫ﻤﺮ‬ ‫ ﹶﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻘ‬: ‫( ﻕ‬۹)
‫ﻒ‬
‫ﻀ ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬‬
‫)‪ (۱۰‬ﺽ ‪ :‬ﺍﹶﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺐ‬
‫)‪ (۱۰‬ﻙ ‪ :‬ﹶﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﻜ ﹾﻠ ‪‬‬
‫)‪ (۱۱‬ﻁ ‪ :‬ﺍﹶﻟﻄﱠﺎِﻟﺐ‪‬‬ ‫)‪ (۱۱‬ﻡ ‪ :‬ﺍﻟـﻤ‪‬ﺎ ُﺀ‬
‫)‪ (۱۲‬ﻅ ‪ :‬ﺍﹶﻟ ﱠﻈ ‪‬ﻬ ‪‬ﺮ‬ ‫)‪ (۱۲‬ﻭ ‪ :‬ﹶﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻮﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺪ‬
‫ﺤ ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫)‪ (۱٣‬ﻝ ‪ :‬ﺍﹶﻟ ﱠﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫)‪ (۱٣‬ﻫـ ‪ :‬ﹶﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻬﻮ‪‬ﺍ ُﺀ‬
‫ﺠ ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫)‪ (۱٤‬ﻥ ‪ :‬ﺍﹶﻟ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫)‪ (۱٤‬ﻯ ‪ :‬ﹶﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﺪ‪‬‬

‫َ‬
: ‫ﺍِﻗﹾﺮﺃ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ ﺍﻵﺗﻴﻪ ﻭﺍﻛﺘﺒﻬﺎ ﻣﺮﺍﻋﻴﹰﺎ ﻗﻮﺍﻋﺪ ﻧﻄﻖ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﻑ ﺍﻟﻘﻤﺮﻳﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻤﺴﻴﺔ‬

• The sentence above says: "Read and write the words keeping in mind the rules
pertaining to the Solar and Lunar Letters". Once again, please write the words below
with a pen and paper and read the words prior to clicking on them below to hear the
correct pronunciation. As these words have already been covered before, the vowel-
marks and diacritical marks (e.g. fatha, kasra, damma, sukun etc) have not been used
over the letters. This is the way standard Arabic is written and it is important to get
used to this.

EXERCISE:

‫ﺱ‬‫ﺍﳌﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬


‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ‬
‫ﺒﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻜﻌ‬ ‫ﻼﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﹸﺮﺁﻥ‬
‫ﻮﻥ‬‫ﺎﺑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﺻﺒ‬
 ‫ﺍ ِﻹ‬ ‫ﺮﺃﹾﺱ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬
‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻈﻬ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﹶﻔﺠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﹸﻈﻔﹾﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌِﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻐﺮِﺏ‬ ‫ﻤ‬ ‫ﺍﻟـ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌﺼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‬