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Food Additives approved by the EU (E-Number list by category)

Colours
E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E 100 101 102 104 110 120 122 123 124 127 128 129 131 132 133 140 141 142 150 150 150 150 151 153 154 155 a b c d Curcumin Riboflavins (i) Riboflavin (ii) Riboflavin-5'-phosphate Tartrazine Quinoline Yellow Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmines Azorubin, Carmoisine Amaranth Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A Erythrosine Red 2G Allura red AC Patent Blue V Indigotine, Indigo Carmine Brillant Blue FCF Chlorophylls and chlorophyllins (i) chlorophylls (ii) chlorophyllins Copper complexes of chlorophylls and chlorophyllins (i) copper complexes of chlorophylls (ii) copper complexes of chlorophillins Green S Plain Caramel Caustic sulphite caramel Ammonia caramel Sulphite ammonia caramel Brillant Black BN, Black BN Vegetable carbon Brown FK Brown HT Carotenes (i) Mixed carotenes (ii) Beta-carotene Anatto, bixin, norbixin Paprika extract, capsanthin, capsorubin Lycopene Beta-apo-8'- carotenal (C 30) Ethyl ester of Beta-apo-8'-carotenic acid (C30) Lutein Canthaxanthin Beetroot Red, betanin Anthocyanins Calcium carbonates (i) Calcium carbonate (ii) Calcium hydrogen carbonate Titanium dioxide Iron oxides and hydroxides Aluminum Silver Gold Litholrubine BK

160 a 160 160 160 160 160 161 161 162 163 170 171 172 173 174 175 180 b c d e f b g

Preservatives
E E E E E E E E E E E 200 202 203 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 Sorbic acid Potassium sorbate Calcium sorbate Benzoic acid Sodium benzoate Potassium benzoate Calcium benzoate Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate Sodium ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate Sodium propyl p-hydroxybenzoate

European Food Information Council ? Rue Guimard, 19, 1040-Brussels, BELGIUM ? Tel: + 322 506 89 89 Fax: + 322 506 89 80 ? E-mail: eufic@eufic.org ? http://www.eufic.org

Food Additives approved by the EU (E-Number list by category)


E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 226 227 228 230 231 232 233 234 235 239 242 249 250 251 252 281 282 283 284 285 1105 Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate Sodium methyl p-hydroxybenzoate Sulphur dioxide Sodium sulphite Sodium hydrogen sulphite Sodium metabisulphite Potassium metabisulphite Calcium sulphite Calcium hydrogen sulphite Potassium hydrogen sulphite Biphenyl, diphenyl Orthophenyl phenol Sodium orthophenyl phenol Thiabendazole Nisin Natamycin Hexamethylene tetramine Dimethyl dicarbonate Potassium nitrite Sodium nitrite Sodium nitrate Potassium nitrate Sodium propionate Calcium propionate Potassium propionate Boric acid Sodium tetraborate (borax) Lysozyme

Antioxidants
E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E 300 301 302 304 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 315 316 320 321 Ascorbic acid Sodium ascorbate Calcium ascorbate Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid (i) Ascorbyl palmitate (ii) Ascorbyl stearate Tocopherol-rich extract Alpha - toc opherol Gamma - tocopherol Delta - tocopherol Propyl gallate Octyl gallate Dodecyl gallate Erythorbic acid Sodium erythorbate Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)

Sweeteners
E E E E E E E E E E E E 420 421 950 951 952 953 954 957 959 965 966 967 Sorbitol (i) Sorbitol (ii) Sorbitol syrup Mannitol Acesulfame-K Aspartame Cyclamic acid and its Na and Ca salts Isomalt Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca salts Thaumatin Neohesperidine DC Maltitol (i) Maltitol (ii) Maltitol syrup Lactitol Xylitol

European Food Information Council ? Rue Guimard, 19, 1040-Brussels, BELGIUM ? Tel: + 322 506 89 89 Fax: + 322 506 89 80 ? E-mail: eufic@eufic.org ? http://www.eufic.org

Food Additives approved by the EU (E-Number list by category)


Emulsifiers, stabilisers, thickeners and gelling agents
E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E 322 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 407 a 410 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 425 432 433 434 435 436 440 442 444 445 460 461 463 464 465 466 468 469 470 470 471 472 472 472 472 472 472 473 474 475 476 477 481 482 483 491 492 493 494 495 1103 Lecithins Alginic acid Sodium alginate Potassium alginate Ammonium alginate Calcium alginate Propane-1.2-diol alginate Agar Carrageenan Processed eucheuma seaweed Locust bean gum Guar gum Tragacanth Acacia gum (gum arabic) Xanthan gum Karaya gum Tara gum Gellan gum Konjac (i) Konjac gum (ii) Konjac glucomannane Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate (polysorbate 20) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (polysorbate 80) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (polysorbate 40) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60) Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65) Pectins (i) pectin (ii) amidated pectin Ammonium phosphatides Sucrose acetate isobutyrate Glycerol esters of wood rosin Cellulose (i) Microcrystalline cellulose (ii) Powdered cellulose Methylcellulose Hydroxypropyl cellulose Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose Ethyl methyl cellulose Carboxy methyl cellulose (sodium carboxy methyl cellulose) Crosslinked sodium carboxy methyl cellulose Enzymatically hydrolysed carboxy methyl cellulose Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids Magnesium salts of fatty acids Mono and diglycerides of fatty acids Acetic acid esters of mono and diglycerides of fatty acids Lactic acid esters of mono and diglycerides of fatty acids Citric acid esters of mono and diglycerides of fatty acids Tartraric acid esters of mono and diglycerides of fatty acids Mono and diacetyl tartraric acid esters of mono and diglycerides of fatty acids Mixed acetic and tartraric acid esters of mono and diglycerides of fatty acids Sucrose esters of fatty acids Sucroglycerides Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids Polyglycerol polyricinoleate Propan- 1.2-diol esters of fatty acids Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate Calcium stearoyl- 2-lactylate Stearyl tartrate Sorbitan monostearate Sorbitan tristearate Sorbitan monolaureate Sorbitan monooleate Sorbitan monopalmitate Invertase

a b a b c d e f

European Food Information Council ? Rue Guimard, 19, 1040-Brussels, BELGIUM ? Tel: + 322 506 89 89 Fax: + 322 506 89 80 ? E-mail: eufic@eufic.org ? http://www.eufic.org

Food Additives approved by the EU (E-Number list by category)


Others
Acid, acidity regulators, anti-caking agents, anti-foaming agents, bulking agents, carriers and carrier solvents, emulsifying salts, firming agents, flavour enhancers, flour treatment agents, foaming agents, glazing agents, humectants, modified starches, packaging gases, propellants, raising agents and sequestrants.
Calcium carbonates (i) Calcium carbonate (ii) Calcium hydrogen carbonate Acetic acid Potassium acetate Sodium acetate Calcium acetate Lactic acid Carbon dioxide Malic acid Fumaric acid Sodium lactate Potassium lactate Calcium lactate Citric acid Sodium citrates (i) Monosodium citrate (ii) Disodium citrate (iii) Trisodium citrate Potassium citrates (i) Monopotassium citrate (ii) Tripotassium citrate Calcium citrates (i) Monocalcium citrate (ii) Dicalcium citrate (iii) Tricalcium citrate Tartaric acid (L(+)-) Sodium tartrates (i) Monosodium tartrate (ii) Disodium Tartrates Potassium tartrates (i) Monopotassium tartrate (ii) Dipotassium tartrate Sodium potassium tartrate Phosphoric acid Sodium phosphates (i) Monosodium phosphate (ii) Disodium phosphate (iii) Trisodium phosphate Potassium phosphates (i) Monopotassium phosphate (ii) Dipotassium phosphate (ii) Dipotassium phosphate Calcium phosphates (i) Monocalcium phosphate (ii) Dicalcium phosphate (iii) Tricalcium phosphate Magnesium phosphates (i) Monomagnesium phosphate (ii) Dimagnesium phosphate Sodium malates (i) Sodium malate (ii) Sodium hydrogen malate Potassium malate Calcium malates (i) Calcium malate (ii) Calcium hydrogen malate Metatartaric acid Calcium tartrate Adipic acid Sodium adipate Potassium adipate Succinic acid

E E E E E E E E E E E E E E

170 260 261 262 263 270 290 296 297 325 326 327 330 331

332

E E E E E E E

333 334 335 336 337 338 339

340

341

E E E E E E E E E E

343 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 363

European Food Information Council ? Rue Guimard, 19, 1040-Brussels, BELGIUM ? Tel: + 322 506 89 89 Fax: + 322 506 89 80 ? E-mail: eufic@eufic.org ? http://www.eufic.org

Food Additives approved by the EU (E-Number list by category)


E E E E 380 385 422 431 Triammonium citrate Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate (calcium disodium EDTA) Glycerol Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate Diphosphates (i) Disodium diphosphate (ii) Trisodium diphosphate (iii)Tetrasodium diphosphate (v) Tetrapotassium diphosphate (vi) Dicalcium diphosphate (vii) Calcium dihydrogen diphosphate Triphosphates (i) Pentasodium triphosphate (ii) Pentapotassium triphosphate Polyphosphates (i) Sodium polyphosphate (ii) Potassium polyphosphate (iii) Sodium calcium polyphosphate (iv) Calcium polyphosphate Beta-Cyclodextrine Thermally oxidized soya bean oil interacted with mono and diglicerides of fatty acids Sodium carbonates (i) Sodium carbonate (ii) Sodium hydrogen carbonate (iii) Sodium sesquicarbonate Potassium carbonates (i) Potassium carbonate (ii) Potassium hydrogen carbonate Ammonium carbonates (i) Ammonium carbonate (ii) Ammonium hydrogen carbonate Magnesium carbonates (i) Magnesium carbonate (ii) Magnesium hydroxide carbonate Hydrochloric acid Potassium chloride Calcium chloride Magnesium chloride Stannous chloride Sulphuric acid Sodium sulphates (i) Sodium sulphate (ii) Sodium hydrogen sulphate Potassium sulphates (i) Potassium sulphate (ii) Potassium hydrogen sulphate Calcium sulphate Ammonium sulphate Aluminium sulphate Aluminium sodium sulphate Aluminium potasssium sulphate Aluminium ammonium sulphate Sodium hydroxide Potassium hydroxide Calcium hydroxide Ammonium hydroxide Magnesium hydroxide Calcium oxide Magnesium oxide Sodium ferrocyanide Potassium ferrocyanide Calcium ferrocyanide Sodium aluminium phosphate, acidic Silicon dioxide Calcium silicate Magnesium silicates (i) Magnesium silicate (ii) Magnesium trisilicate Talc Sodium aluminium silicate Potassium aluminium silicate

450

451

E E E E

452 459 479 b 500

E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E

501 503 504 507 508 509 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 535 536 538 541 551 552 553 a 553 b 554 555

European Food Information Council ? Rue Guimard, 19, 1040-Brussels, BELGIUM ? Tel: + 322 506 89 89 Fax: + 322 506 89 80 ? E-mail: eufic@eufic.org ? http://www.eufic.org

Food Additives approved by the EU (E-Number list by category)


E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E E 556 558 559 570 574 575 576 577 578 579 585 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 640 650 900 901 902 903 904 905 912 914 920 927 b 938 939 941 942 943 a 943 b 944 948 949 999 1200 1201 1202 1404 1410 1412 1413 1414 1420 1422 1440 1442 1450 1451 1505 1518 1520 Calcium aluminium silicate Bentonite Aluminium silicate (Kaolin) Fatty acids Gluconic acid Glucono-delta-lactone Sodium gluconate Potassium gluconate Calcium gluconate Ferrous gluconate Ferrous lactate Glutamic acid Monosodium glutamate Monopotassium glutamate Calcium diglutamate Monoammonium glutamate Magnesium diglutamate Guanylic acid Disodium guanylate Dipotassium guanylate Calcium guanylate Inosinic acid Disodium inosinate Dipotassium inosinate Calcium inosinate Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides Glycine and its sodium salt Zinc Acetate Dimethyl polysiloxane Bees wax, white and yellow Candelilla wax Carnauba wax Shellac Microcrystalline wax Montan acid esters Oxidized polyethylene wax L-Cysteine (may be used only as a flour treatment agent) Carbamide Argon Helium Nitrogen Nitrous oxide Butane Iso-Butane Propane Oxygen Hydrogen Quillaia extract Polydextrose Polyvinylpyrrolidone Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone Oxidized starch Monostarch phosphate Distarch phosphate Phosphated distarch phosphate Acetylated distarch phosphate Acetylated starch Acetylated distarch adipate Hydroxy propyl starch Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate Starch sodium octenyl succinate Acetylated oxidized starch Triethyl citrate Glyceryl triacetate (triacetin) Propylene glycol

European Food Information Council ? Rue Guimard, 19, 1040-Brussels, BELGIUM ? Tel: + 322 506 89 89 Fax: + 322 506 89 80 ? E-mail: eufic@eufic.org ? http://www.eufic.org