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BRITISH STANDARD

BS EN I S 0
95 13:2002

Metallic materials ration Q£ extensometers used in uniaxial testing

ICs 77.040.10

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The European Standard EN IS0 9513:2002 has the status of a British Standard

.```. Amd. which has the responsibility to: - aid enquirers to understand the text.. pages 1to 10.. the IS0 title page.```. having been prepared under the direction of the Engineering Sector Policy and Strategy Committee.`. Mechanical testing of metals. Cross-references The British Standards which implement international or European publications referred to in this document may be found in the BSI Catalogue under the section entitled “International Standards Correspondence Index”.present to the responsible internationallEuropean committee any . to Subcommittee ISEíNFEIWl.. Compliance w i t h a British Standard does n o t of itself confer immunity from legal obligations. was published under the authority of the Standards Policy and Strategy Committee on 9 October 2002 S u m m a r y of pages This document comprises a front cover.`. This publication does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a contract. A list of organizations represented on this subcommittee can be obtained on request to its secretary. This British Standard. The UK participation in its preparation was entrusted by Technical Committee ISE/NFE/4. a n inside back cover and a back cover.`.-`-`. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584.monitor related international and European developments and promulgate them in the UK.`--- COPYRIGHT 2003.. the EN IS0 foreword page. User=... or proposals for change..``. The BSI copyright date displayed in this document indicates when the document was last issued..`. It supersedes BS EN 10002-4:1995 which is withdrawn. enquiries on t h e interpretation. Users are responsible for its correct application. It is identical with IS0 9513:1999. . 0 BSI 9 October 2002 Date Comments ISBN O 580 40511 7 --````.`. or by using the “Search” facility of the BSI Electronic Catalogue or of British Standards Online. pages ii to iv. and keep the UK interests informed. an inside front cover.`. the EN IS0 title page. Uniaxial testing of metals. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001.BS EN IS0 9513:ZOOZ National foreword This British Standard is the official English language version of EN IS0 9513:2002.`. . No.

Ref. Ireland.-`-`. Czech Republic. A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibilityof a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Management Centre has the same status as the official versions. Italy.`--- EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITE EUROPEEN D E NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FOR NORMUNG Management Centre: rue de Stassart. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001. Greece.`.`. Sweden.```.. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English.`. Norway..10 EN ISQ 9513 September 2002 Supersedes EN 10002-4:1994 English version Metallic materials .. Malta. Netherlands. 36 6-1050 Brussels O 2002 CEN All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members.Etalonnage des extensomètres utilises lors d'essais unaxiaux (IS0 951131999) This European Standard was approved by CEN on 14 July 2002..`.`. . Spain. Finland. German).`.``. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584. Luxembourg. France.. CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria. User=. French.040.. CEN members are b u n d to comply with the CENICENELEC Internal Regulationswhich stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Belgium. --````.EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM ICs 77. Portugal. Germany... Iceland. EN IS0 9513:2002 E COPYRIGHT 2003. No.```. Switzerland and United Kingdom.calibration of extensometers used in uniaxial testing (IS0 9513:1999) Matériaux métalliques .`. Denmark. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the Management Centre or to any CEN member.

Netherlands.. According to the CENICENELEC Internal Regulations. Ireland. Finland. Norway.. Greece.`..```. Endorsement notice The text of the InternationalStandard I S 0 9513:1999 has been approved by CEN as a European Standard without any modifications.-`-`.. Belgium. the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria.`--- COPYRIGHT 2003. . Portugal. Malta.. Italy.``. This document supersedes EN 10002-4:1994. Iceland.. Germany.```. either by publication of an identicaltext or by endorsement. This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard.`. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584..`. at the latest by March 2003.`. Switzerland and the United Kingdom. Luxembourg.`. and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by March 2003. France.`. --````. Denmark. Spain. the secretariat of which is held by AFNOR. User=. Sweden.`.. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001.EN IS0 9513:2002 Foreword The text of I S 0 9513:1999 has been prepared by Technical Committee ISO/TC 164 "Mechanical testing of metals" of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and has been taken over as EN IS0 9513:2002 by Technical Committee ECISSTTC 1 "Steels Mechanical and physical tests". Czech Republic.

COPYRIGHT 2003.EN IS0 9513:2002 INTERNATIONAL STANDARD IS0 Second edition 1999-04-15 Corrected and reprinted 2001-02-01 Metallic materials .. User=...Calibration of extensometers used in uniaxial testing Matériaux métalliques -Étalonnage des extensomètres utilisés lors d'essais unaxiaux --````.`. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584.`..`...```.```.`. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards .`--- Reference number IS0 9513:1999(E) Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001.`...``.`.-`-`.`.

```. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584. User=.....`.`.-`-`..`--- ..```.`.`.`... British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001.``.`.`. --````.EN IS0 9513:ZOOZ ii COPYRIGHT 2003.

.............. Bibliography ........................ 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584........................................`.....................5 Calibration procedure .3 Accuracy of gauge length of the extensometer 2 2 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5...............................`....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... .......... 5............................................................................................`......................................... 4 Calibration apparatus ......................6 Determination of the characteristics of the extensometer ...................................................................``..2 Temperature at which the calibration is made ................................................... 2 Symbols and designations ............................................... 5........................................ British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001...............................`.................................................`--- iii COPYRIGHT 2003......```......................................................................... Annex A (informative) Example of calibration ranges of an extensometer 5 .................................... 4 8 Calibration report ........................ .. Page 1 ............................... 5 Procedure .............................................................. 5...... 7 Frequency of calibration ................................................................................-`-`...............`.....`...................1 2 2 2 3 Principle ............................................. User=......EN IS0 9513:2002 Contents 1Scope ................................................................................................................ 3 3 6 Classification of the extensometer ..... 2 5............................................................................................. 6 7 Annex B (informative) Parameters for classification of an extensometer .....1 Position of the extensometer ............................................................................................................................`....................```..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3 3 5................................................................................................ 10 --````........4 Range of calibration ..................................................

This corrected and reprinted version incorporates the changes specified in IS0 9513:1999/Cor. Publication as an International Standard requires approval by at least 75 % of the member bodies casting a vote.. governmental and non-governmental. together with an additional change to Table 2.. in liaison with EO. I S 0 collaborates closely with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) on all matters of electrotechnical standardization. which is hereby cancelled and replaced. Mechanical testing o f metals.`. row 4.. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001.```. also take part in the work.`. International Standard IS0 9513 was prepared by Technical Committee ISOTTC 164...`.``.. Part 3.`.`. International Standards are drafted in accordance with the rules given in the ISO/IEC Directives.l:2000 (E).`--- iv COPYRIGHT 2003. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition (IS0 9513:1989) which has been technically revised. User=.`.`. Subcommittee SC I.. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584. Each member body interested in a subject for which a technical committee has been established has the right to be’ represented on that committee. The work of preparing International Standards is normally carried out through IS0 technical committees.EN IS0 9613:2002 Foreword IS0 (the International Organization for Standardization) is a worldwide federation of national standards bodies (IS0 member bodies).```.-`-`. International organizations. column 3. Annexes A and B of this International Standard are for information only. --````. Draft International Standards adopted by the technical committees are circulated to the member bodies for voting. Uniaxial testing. ..

``.`. This International Standard does not at present provide detailed guidance on the calibration of those types of NOTE extensometerwhich have: - variable gauge lengths. These issues should be addressed at the next revision of this International Standard.```.. full field strain measurements devices..-`-`.EN IS0 9513:ZOOZ Metallic materials testing .`.`.Calibration of extensometers used in uniaxial 1 Scope This International Standard specifies a method for the static calibration of extensometers used in uniaxial testing... User=. Special consideration should be given to such devices. The t e m "extensometer" is understood to mean the displacement measuring device and the system for indicating or recording this displacement.`.`..`. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001...`. 1 COPYRIGHT 2003.```.. no contact with the test piece. However some guidance on this subject might be found in ASTM E83:1996 (see Bibliography). 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584.`--- . --````. 2 Symbols and designations Symbols used throughout this International Standard are given in Table 1 together with their designation.

`.`. The relative error on the gauge length. The extensometer shall be attached in the same way as during uniaxial testing. if facilities exist. micrometer or interferometer used shall be calibrated by a method which is traceable to the international unit (SI) of length and their accuracy shall be known. may consist of a rigid frame with suitable coaxial spindles or other fixtures to which the extensometer can be attached. The error of the calibration apparatus shall not be greater than one-third of the permissible error of the extensometer (see Table 2).1 Position of the extensometer The extensometer shall be placed in the calibration apparatus in the same position and orientation in which it is used during uniaxial testing so as to avoid errors due to loss of equilibrium or deformation of any part of the extensometer.`. User=. the calibration of the extensometer shall be carried out at a temperature stable to within ? 2 "C. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards --````.3 Principie The calibration of an extensometer involves a comparison of the readings given by the extensometer with known variations in length provided by a calibration apparatus. this temperature shall be within the range 18 "Cto 28 "C. The calibration apparatus shall comprise a mechanism for moving at least one of the axial spindles and a device for accurately measuring the change in length produced. to be applied to the extensometer. the distance between the marks on the test piece is measured.-`-`. 5.`. for example.. using an interferometer or gauge blocks and a comparator or a screw micrometer.it is recommended that the calibration be carried out at or near the test temperature.```. the calibration shall be carried ou? for each of the gauge lengths required by the user. 5 Procedure 5. 5. For extensometers used for uniaxial testing at temperatures within the range 10 "Cto 35 OC. The gauge blocks. qLe. The extensometer shall be placed near the calibration apparatus or mounted on it for a sufficient length of time prior to its calibration so that the parts of the extensometer and of the calibration apparatus which are in contact shall attain the calibration temperature. calculated from the following formula shall not exceed the values given in Table 2 . comparator. In the case of an extensometer having several gauge lengths..``.. The variations in length can be measured. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584. ... The extensometer is placed on a soft metal test piece in such a way that the blades or points of the extensometer leave their marks.3 Accuracy of gauge length of the extensometer The gauge length of the extensometer can be measured directly or indirectly.`--- EN IS0 9513:2002 Le 2 Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001.2 Temperature at which the calibration is made In general.`. COPYRIGHT 2003. The resolution of the calibration apparatus shall be in accordance with Table 2.`... Once the extensometer is removed.```. 4 Calibration apparatus The calibration apparatus which allows a known displacement Z t .`. The following indirect method is given as an example..

The values of the resolution of the extensometer shall be in accordance with the values given in Table 2. If possible..5. calculate the relative bias error (see 5.``.2 Relative bias error The relative bias error. 3 Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001. Whenever adjustements are needed for the extensometer to comply with class requirements for its intended use. An example of calibration ranges is given in annex A.```.6. the extensometer be tried for at least two lengths over the calibration range of the extensometer.`.2 The calibration consists first of one series of at least 10 measurements. 5. Depending on the expected use of the extensometer.`.4 Range of calibration The calibration range shall be defined by the user to cover the measuring range required to determine a given material property. The maximum and minimum limits Emaxand Emin of the calibration range shall be such that: If several calibration ranges are specified by the user.`. r. the displacement is taken to a slightly negative value and returned to zero. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards --````. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584.`.`--- It (3) 6 Classification of the extensometer Table 2 gives the maximum permissible Values for the relative gauge length error. for a given displacement.2)..1 Resolution The resolution.`.`. For each measurement point.I t q=-XI00 COPYRIGHT 2003.. distributed approximately evenly over the calibration range of the extensometer. .1 When the temperature has stabilized.5 Calibration procedure 5. 5. 5. before calibration and by means of the calibration apparatus. User=.6. it is recommended that.~~ ~ EN IS0 9513:2002 For extensometers where gauge length is defined by the test piece then the gauge length of this test piece shall be measured to an accuracy consistent with the class of extensometer to be used. the resolution and the relative bias error. the results shall be noted "after adjustment" on the calibration certificate.-`-`. I. the extensometer is reset to zero.. The calibration shall be made without cleaning or lubricating any part of the extensometer.5.. The ranges of calibration shall be noted in the calibration report.`. 5. 5... Where appropriate. is calculated from the formula : li . is the smallest quantity which can be read on the instrument.6.```. the two series of measurements are made for increases in length or for decreases in length or for both.6 Determinationof the characteristics of the extensometer 5. A second series of measurements is then made in the same manner as the first. It. q . The extensometer is removed and then placed back on the calibration apparatus.. each one shall be calibred..

`..```..`--- .. the user should consider one of the better classes of extensometer.```.``.`. the maintenance standard and the number of times the extensometer has been used. in such case the extensometer shall be calibrated before and after the test.-`-`.Classification of extensometers NOTE For small gauge lengths ( G 25 mm) and for small strains.`..`. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584..`. This interval shall not exceed 18 months unless the test is expected to last more than 18 months. 4 COPYRIGHT 2003. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001. User=. --````.`.EN IS0 9513:2002 Table 2 . Under normal conditions... 7 Frequency of calibration The time between two calibrations depends on the type of extensometer.`. it is recommended that calibration be carried out at intervals of approximately 12 months.. The extensometer shall be calibrated after each repair or adjustment of its constituent elements which could affect the accuracy of measurements. a Whichever value is the greater.

¡. either for increases and/or for decreases in length. User=. the individual values of the bias errors.. date of expiry of the calibration report.e.`. date of calibration. nature of variations of length for which the calibration was carried out.`...`. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001. temperature at which the calibration was carried out.. --````.. mark.`--- type and reference number of calibration apparatus.-`-`.`.``. 5 COPYRIGHT 2003.```.. gauge length.EN IS0 9613:2002 8 Calibration report The calibration report shall contain at least the following information: a) general information: reference to this International Standard.`.. . identification of the extensometer (type.`. serial number and mounting position). b) results of the calibration: 1) 2) class of each range of the extensometer. if requested. ¡.. name or mark o f the organisation which carried out the calibration. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584. I S 0 9513.```.e.`.

```.`. .``.`.`.`.5% to 5 % 1 of the nominal value of the extensometer travel 5 % to 50 % Figure A... 0 5% First calibration range: Second calibration range: Third calibration range: 0.```...5Y o 0 .COPYRIGHT 2003. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards --````..`.`..5 % 0.-`-`.05 Yo to 0..`--- EN IS0 9513:2002 Annex A (informative) Example of calibration ranges of an extensometer 5% 50 % 0.`.. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584.l 6 Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001. User=.

```.how to decide which of the two limits. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001.`.OI x Ix IO-^ IO-^ I.ne= Et 4 vm li -It vm &i - q Pm 1O0 1O0 2 x 10-3 -x 100 4 li .`.`.Examples of calculation of parameters for the classification of extensometers 3ensometer gauge length 4 True value Measured value Absolute bias error Relative bias error a Le % Strain )isplacement Strain lilLe = lisplacement Strain Displacement Strain Ei -&.01 x 1 0 .OI x IO-^ 1 1 IO-^ 200 2x 2.should be chosen.l . 7 .`.`.02 x 10-3 O.2 illustrate clearly. Table B.. It...l gives three examples of calculation of these parameters.``..```. COPYRIGHT 2003. but is dependent on he displacement value. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584.1 and 8.`.`--- l. the diagrams in Figures 8.. "relative"or "absolute".. O I x IO-^ a For a given displacement error.~ O .EN IS0 9513:2002 Annex B (informative) Parameters for classification of an extensometer In order to clarify the parameters used for the classification of extensometers (see clause 6): a) b) Table B. Le. q. the relative error..It x 100 50 1O0 1O0 io1 1o1 201 2.. Et )isplacement 4 mm --````.02 x 10-3 1 0.-`-`. User=.`. is independent of the gauge length of the extensometer. for class 1 extensometers.

50%) - .`. r / l i (= 0.`. --````.Resolution of a class 1 extensometer COPYRIGHT 2003.1 ..`.``.0 pm) I - Figure B.`.EN IS0 9513:2002 Use the absolute value...`--- - Use the resolution expressed as percentage of reading... British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards 8 Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001.```. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584. r (= 1..-`-`..`.`.```..`. User=.

z m .`. .Oprn) Use the relative bias error.It ( = 13. q (= 1 1 .vi 1 5 m 3 Use the absolute value ti .`.`.2 .Limits of bias error o f a class 1 extensometer --````.`..EN IS0 9513:ZOOZ . British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001.``..`... User=.`.`. o %) rl F 1 O -1 I I 1O0 300 500 700 True displacement given by the calibration apparatus Zt ( p m ) -3 \ -5 -7 Figure 8.`--- 9 COPYRIGHT 2003.7 E I Y +...```.-`-`. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584...```.

```.EN IS0 9513:2002 Bibliography [I] ASTM E83:1996.`--- ..`.```. Standard Practice for Verificationand Classification of Extensometers..-`-`.. --````..`.`..``. British Standards Institution on ERC Specs and Standards 10 Document provided by IHS Licensee=/5943408001.`.`.`... COPYRIGHT 2003.. User=. 10/23/2003 01:21:16 MDT Questions or comments about this message: please call the Document Policy Group at 1-800-451-1584.`.

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