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What is Robotics/A.

I Objective Providing an introduction to robotics for students with no programming background Identify the characteristics of a variety of types and sizes of robots. Describe how artificial intelligence is applied to robotic systems When? How? Identify, sketch and label all major parts of an industrial robot. Describe the basic components that allow an operator to program robots Compare and contrast robotic applications in medicine, industrial, and entertainment applications. Asimovs Laws of Robotics(1942) A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm A robot must obey orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law. Robotics is the study of the design, construction and use of robots. Artificial intelligence is the branch of computer science that deals with writing computer programs that can solve problems creatively; "workers in AI hope to imitate or duplicate intelligence in computers and robots"

Definition of a Robot

The word Robot The term robot derives from the Czech word robota, meaning forced work or compulsory service, or robotnik, meaning serf. First used to describe fabricated workers in a fictional 1920s play called Rossums Universal Robots by Czech author Karel Capek.

"A reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices through various programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks. Or a simpler version An automatic device that performs functions normally ascribed to humans or a machine in the form of a human.

Knowledgebase for Robotics Types of Robots

Industrial Robots Mobile Robots Dynamic system modeling and analysis Feedback control Educational Robots Domestic Robots Sensors and signal conditioning Actuators and power electronics Hardware/computer interfacing Computer programming Typical knowledgebase for the design and operation of robotics system

Robots in Early History

Ancient Greek poet Homer described maidens of gold, mechanical helpers built by Hephaistos, the Greek god of metal smiths. The golems of medieval Jewish legend were robot-like servants made of clay, brought to life by a spoken charm. In 1495, Leonardo da Vinci drew plans for a mechanical man. Real robots were only possible in the 1950s and 1960s with the introduction of transistors and integrated circuits

The Purpose of Robots

Key Components

Robots are also used for the following reasons: Repetitive tasks that robots can do 24/7. Robots never get sick or need time off. Robots can do tasks considered too dangerous for humans. Robots can operate equipment to much higher precision than humans. 2009/ICT/03 2009/ASP/20 2009/ICT/33 2009/ICT/55 2009/ICT/72 2009/ICT/77 2009/ICT/80 Group and poster information

May be cheaper over the long-term

May be able to perform tasks that are impossible for Humans Robots assisting the handicapped.

This poster was created for partial fulfillment of the course unit ICT3213 of the degree bachelor of Information and communication Technologies in The Department of Physical Science, Faculty of Applied Science, Vavuniya Campus of the University of Jaffna