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43C

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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MODULE-43C

Origin of soils, soil classification, three-phase system, fundamental definitions, relationship and interrelationships, _________________________________________________________________________

1. The void ratio and specific gravity of a soil are 0.65 and 2.72 respectively. The degree of saturation (in percent) corresponding to water content of 20% is (A) 65.3 (B) 20.9 (C) 83.7 (D) 54.4

0.65 0.2*2.72 2.72 1 4.

(C) 61.9 % (D) 60.6 % The water content at 25 blows is called Liquid limit. i.e 61.9 Data from a sieve analysis conducted on a given sample of soil showed that 67% of the particles passed through 75 micron IS sieve. The liquid limit and plastic limit of the finer fraction was found to be 45 and 33 percents respectively. The group symbol of the given soil as per IS: 1498-1970 is (A) SC (C) CH (B) MI (D) MH

0.544

2.

The avoid ratios at the densest, loosest and the natural states of a sand deposit are 0.2, 0.6 and 0.4, respectively. The relative density of the deposit is (A) 100% (B) 75% (C) 50% (D) 25%

As more than 50 % of the total soil is finer than 75 the given soil is fine grained soil CL 12 ML 20 35 MI 50 CI CH H

MH

on the A-line, =18.25 The soil is below A-line. So the soil is MI 3. The following data were obtained from a liquid limit lest conducted on a soil sample.

Number of blows Water content (%) 17 68.3 22 63.1 25 61.9 28 60.6 34 60.5

5.

The undrained cohesion of a remoulded clay soil is 10 kN/m2. If the sensitivity of the clay is 20, the corresponding remoulded compressive strength is (a) 5 kN/m2 (b) 10 kN/m2 2 (c) 20 kN/m (d) 200 kN/m2 Compressive strength = 2C =20 kN/m2

6.

The ratio of saturated unit weight to dry unit weight of dry unit weight is 1.25. If the

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specific gravity of solids (Gs) is 2.65, the void ratio of the soil is (a) 0.625 (b) 0.663 (c) 0.944 (d) 1.325

e 2.56

e 1

As 270 gm out of 1000gm pass through 75 sieve, the soil should be coarse grained. The remaining 730 gm of soil, the gravel is only 20 gm and 710 gm is sand. The sand fraction is more than gravel. So the soil should be sand. The percentage of fines is 27 %, which is more than 12 %. So we need to get information from A-line.

CL 22 e=0.663 ML 20 7. A soil mass contains 40% gravel, 50% sand and 10% silt. This soil can be classified as (a) silty sandy gravel having coefficient of uniformity less than 60. (b) silty gravelly sand having coefficient of uniformity equal to 10. (c) gravelly silty sand having coefficient of uniformity greater than 60. (d) gravelly silty sand and its coefficient of uniformity cannot be determined. Soil of higher proportion comes in last (a) 8. A saturated soil mass has a total density 3 22kN/m and a water content of 10%. The bulk density and dry density of this soil are 3 3 (a) 12 kN/m and 20 kN/m respectively. 3 3 (b) 22 kN/m and 20 kN/m respectively. 3 3 (c) 19.8kN/m and19.8 N/m respectively. 3 3 (d) 23.2kN/m and19.8kN/m respectively. The bulk density is equal to saturated density as the soil is in saturated condition. 3 i.e 22 kN/m . 35

CI

CH H

MI 50

MH

on the A-line, =14.6 The soil is above A-line. So the soil is clayey. The classification is SC 10. The water content of a saturated soil and the specific gravity of soil solids were found to be 30% and 2.70, respectively. Assuming the unit weight of water to be 10 kN/m3, the saturated unit weight (kN/m3) and the void ratio of the soil are (a) 19.4, 0.81 (b) 18.5, 0.30 (c) 19.4, 0.45 (d) 18.5, 0.45

0.3*27 27

e 1

0.81

11. Group symbols assigned to silty sand and clayey sand are respectively (A) SS and CS (B) SM and CS (C) SM and SC (D) MS and CS (C) Main soil symbol comes first 9. Sieve analysis on a dry soil sample of mass 1000 g showed that 980 g and 270 g of soil pass through 4.75 mm and 0.075 mm sieve, respectively. The liquid limit and plastic limits of the soil fraction passing through 425 sieves are 40% and 18% respectively. The soil may be classified as (a) SC (b) MI (c) CI (d) SM 12. The liquid limit (LL), plastic limit (PL) and shrinkage limit (SL) of a cohesive soil satisfy the relation (A) LL>PL<SL (B) LL>PL>SL (C) LL<PL<SL (D) LL<PL>SL

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(B)

(C)

(D)

volume

solid

Semi solid

plastic

liquid

wG

e 1

wG

Water content

13. Deposit with flocculated structure is formed when (A) Clay particles settle on sea bed (B) Clay particles settle on fresh water lake bed (C) Sand particles settle on river bed (D) Sand particles settle on sea bed (C) 14. The laboratory test results of a soil sample are given below: Percentage finer than 4.75 mm = 60 Percentage finer than 0.075 mm = 30 Liquid Limit = 35% Plastic Limit = 27% The soil classification is (A) GM (B) SM (C) GC (D) ML-MI Coarse fraction =70 Fine fraction =30 As coarse fraction is more than fines, the soil is coarse grained. Gravel=40 and sand =30. So the soil is gravel. As fines are more than 12%, we need to check A-line.

16. A fine grained soil has liquid limit of 60 and plastic limit of 20. As per the plasticity chart. according to IS classification, the soil is represented by the letter symbols (A)CL (B)CI (C) CH (D) CL-ML

CL 40 ML 20 35

CI

CH H

MI 50

MH

on the A-line, =29.2 The soil is above A-line. So the soil is clayey. The classification is CI

CL

CI

CH H

ML 20 35

MI 50

MH

17. The results for sieve analysis carried out for three types of sand, P, Q and R, are given in the adjoining figure. If the fineness modulus values of the three sands are given as , it can be stated that

on the A-line, =10.95 The soil is above A-line. So the soil is silt. The classification is GM

the specific gravity, water content, degree of saturation and void ratio of the soil sample, respectively. If represents the unit weight of water and represents the dry unit weight of the soil. the equation for zero air voids line is (A) (B)

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(D) (C) Area under the curve represents fineness modulus. 18. As per the Indian Standard soil classification system, a sample of silty clay with liquid limit of 40% and plasticity index of 28% is classified as (A) CH (B) CI (C) CL (D) CL-ML A line equation, =14.6 The soil is above A-line and it is intermediate compressibility. So it is CI 19. In its natural condition, a soil sample has a mass of 1.980 and a volume of 0.001 . After being completely dried in an oven, the mass of the sample is 1.800 . Specific gravity is 2.7. Unit weight of water is 10 . The degree of saturation of the soil is: (A) 0.65 (B) 0.70 (C) 0.54 (D) 0.61 3. 4.

Deposited at the bottom of lakes Deposited in sea water Codes: A B C D a. b. c. d. (b) 21. The liquid limit and plastic limit of samples are 65% and 29% respectively. The percentage of soil fraction with grain size finger than 0.002 mm is 24. The activity ratio of the soil sample is (a) 0.05 (b) 1.00 (c) 1.50 (d) 2.00 1 3 3 1 2 2 2 3 3 1 4 2 4 4 1 4

22. A soil sample as shrinkage limit of 10% and specific gravity soils as 2.7. The porosity of the soil at shrinkage limit is (a) 21.2% e 0.1*27 27 1 0.1*2.7 e=0.27 1 =0.212 0.27 (b) 27% (c) 73% (d) 78.8%

20. Match list-I (type of soil) with list-II (mode of transportation and deposition) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List I A. Lacustrine soils B. Alluvial soils C. Aeolian soils D. Marine soils List-II 1. Transportation by wind 2. Transportation by running water

23. In a wet soil mass, air occupies one-sixth of its volume and water occupies one-third of its volume. The void ratio of the soil is (a) 0.25 (b) 0.5 (c) 1.00 (d) 1.50

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27. A dry soil has mass specific gravity of 1.35. If the specific gravity of solids is 2.7, Then the void ratio will be

24. Lacustrine soils are soils (a) Transported by rivers and streams (b) Transported by glaciers (c) Deposited in sea beds (d) Deposited in lake beds (d) 25. The standard plasticity chart to classify fine grained soils is shown in the given figure

(a) 0.5

(d) 2.0

e 2.7 1

28. A clay sample has a void ratio of 0.50 in dry state and specific gravity of solids = 2.70. Its shrinkage limit will be (a) 12% (b) 13.5% (c) 18.5% (d) 22%

0.5 The area marked X represents a) Silt of low plasticity b) Clay of high plasticity c) Organic soil of medium plasticity d) Clay of intermediate plasticity (d) 26. A soil sample is having a specific gravity of 2.60 and a void ratio of 0.78. The water content in percentage required to fully saturate the soil at that void ratio would be (a) 10 (b) 30 (c) 50 (d) 70

volume

e 1

0.5

2.7

29. A soil has liquid limit of 60% plastic limit of 35% and shrinkage limit of 20% and it has a natural moisture content of 50%. The liquidity index of soil is (a) 1.5 (b) 1.25 (c) 0.60 (d) 0.40

0.78

e=0.78 1 = 0.3

Water content

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30. Consider the following statement in relation to the given sketch

(d) 2.50 g/cc and 1.50 g/cc

=1.5*(1+0.5)=2.25 g/cc

=2.25-1=1.25 (c) 33. A fill having a volume of 1,50,000 cum is to be constructed at a Void ratio of 0.8. The borrow pit soil has a void ratio of 1.4. The volume of soil required (in cubic meters) to be excavated from the borrow pit will be (a) 1,87,500 (c) 2,10,000 (b) 2,00,000 (d) 2,50,000

1. 2. 3. 4.

Soil is partially saturated at degree of saturation = 60% Void ratio = 40% Water content = 30% Saturated unit weight=1.5 g/cc

34. The moisture content of a clayey soil is gradually decreased from a large value. What will be the correct sequence of the occurrence of the following limits? 1. Shrinkage limit 1.5 2.Plastic limit 3.Liquid limit 31. A soil has a liquid limit of 45% and lies above the A-line when plotted on a plasticity chart. The group symbol of the soil as per IS soil classification is (a) CH (b) 32. The dry density of a soil is 1.5 g/cc. If the saturation water content were 50% then its saturated density and submerged density would, respectively, be (a) 1.5 g/cc and 1.0 g/cc (b) 2.0 g/cc and 1.0 g/cc (c) 2.25 g/cc and 1.25 g/cc (b) CI (c) CL (d) MI Select the correct answer using the codes given below: (a) 1,2,3 (b) 3,2,1 (b) 35. Given the Plasticity Index (PI) of a local soil =15 and PI of sand=Zero, for a described PI of 6, the percentage of sand in the mix should be (a) 70 (b) 60 (c) 40 (d) 30 (c) 1,3,2 (d) 3,1,2

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36. Consider the following statements: A Well-graded sand should have 1. 2. 3. Uniformity coefficient greater than 6 Coefficient curvature between 1 and 3 Effective size greater than 1mm

Which of the statements are correct? (a) 1, 2 and 3 (b) 1 and 3 (c) 37. A Clayey soil has Liquid limit = , Plastic limit = and natural moisture content = . The consistency index of the soil is given by (a) (c) ) (a) 38. A soil has mass unit weight , water content w (as ratio). The specific gravity of soil soilds = G, unit weight of water= ; S is the degree of saturation of the soil is given by (a) S =

( )

39. The saturated and dry densities of a soil are respectively 2000kg/m and 1500 kg/m. The water content (in percentage) of the soil in the saturated state would be (a) 25 (b) 33.33 (c) 50 (d) 66.66

(b) (d) )

(

40. If a soil of sample weight 0.18kg having a volume of 10 m and dry unit weight of 1600 kg/m is mixed with 0.02 kg of water then the water content will be (a) 30% (b) 25% (c) 20% (d) 15%

Mass of solids=1600*10=0.16 kg Existing water=0.18-0.16=0.02 kg Additional water =0.02 kg Total water = 0.04kg Water content=0.04/0.16=0.25 41. Match List-I (terms) with List-II (formulae) and select the correct answer using the codes given below this list List-I A. Void ratio B. Porosity 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Codes A (a) 4 B 3 C 5 D 1 List-II

(b) S =

(c) S =

(d) S =

e wG G 1

wG

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(b) (c) (d) (d) 42. If an unconfined compressive strength of 4 kg/cm in the natural state of clay reduces by four times in the remoulded state, then its sensivity will be (a ) 1 (b) 2 (c) 43. If the proportion of soil passing 75 micron sieve is 50% and the liquid limit and plastic limit are 40% and 20% respectively, then the group index of the soil is (a) 3.8 (b) 6.5 (c) 38 (d) 65 (c) a) b) c) d) (c) 4 (d) 8 5 4 5 4 1 1 3 5 3 1 2 2 A. B. C. D.

Clayey gravel Clayey sand Organic clay Silty sand

List-II 1. 2. 3. 4. SM OH SC GC CODES: A 3 4 4 3 B 4 3 3 4 C 2 1 2 1 D 1 2 1 2

44. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the list List-I A) Loess B) Peat C) Alluvial soil D) Marl List-II 1. Deposited from suspension in running water 2. deposits of marine origin 3. deposits of wind 4. organic soil CODES: A a) 3 b) 4 c) 4 B 4 3 3 4 C 2 1 2 1 D 1 2 1

46. The value of porosity of a soil sample in which the total volume of soil grains is equal to twice the total volume of voids would be a) 75% (c) 47. A soil has a liquid limit of 40% and plasticity index of 20% the plastic limit of the soil will be a) 20% (a) 48. A sample of saturated sand has a dry unit weight of 18 KN/m3 and a specific gravity of 2.7. If density of water 10KN/m3, the void ratio of the soil sample will be a) 0.5 b) 0.6 c) 0.4 d) 0.9 b) 30% c) 40% d) 60% b) 66.66% c) 50% d) 33.33%

d) 3 (d)

45. Match List-I (soils) with List-II (group symbols) and select the correct answer using codes given below the lists List-I

e 27 1

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49. A dry soil sample has equal amounts of soils and voids of volume. Its void ratio and porosity will be Void ratio a) 1.0 b) 0.5 c) 0.5 d)1.0 (d) 50. Based on grain distribution analysis, The D10, D30 and D60 values of a given soil are 0.23mm, 0.3mm and 0.41mm respectively. As per IS code, the soil classification will be a) SW b) SP c) SM d) SC porosity (%) 100% 50% 100% 50%

53. The natural void ratio of sand sample is 0.6 and its density index is 0.6. If its void ratio in the loosest state is 0.9, then the void ratio in the densest state will be a) 0.2 b) 0.3 c) 0.4 d) 0.5

54. Which one of the following phase diagrams represents a clay at its shrinkage limit?

The given soil is of size less than 4.75 mm and more than 75 . So the soil is sand

is not in between b)

51. The plasticity index and the percentage of grain size finer than 2 microns of a clay sample of 25 and 15 respectively. Its activity ratio is a) 2.5 b) 1.67 c) 1.0 d) 0.6

55. Which one of the following correctly represents the dry unit weight of a soil sample which has a bulk unit weight of at a moisture content of w%? a) c) ] d)

52. A soil sample having a void ratio of 1.3, water content of 50% and a specific gravity 2.60 is in a state of a) partial saturation c) over saturation b) full saturation d) under saturation

b) c)

56. Given that the coefficient of curvature = 1.4 D30 = 3mm, D10 = 0.6mm, based on this information of particle size distribution for use as a sub grade, this soil will be taken to be

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a) Uniformly graded sand b) Well-graded sand a) illite c) Very fine sand c) mica d) Poorly-graded sand d)

60. The predominant mineral responsible for shrinkage and swelling in black cotton soils is b) kaolinite d) montmorillonite

d) 57. Which one of the following represents relative density of saturated sand deposit having moisture content of 25% if maximum and minimum void ratio of sand are 0.95 and 0.45 respectively and specific gravity of sand particles is 2.6?

61. Consistency as applied to cohesive soils in an indicator of its a) density c) shear strength b) 62. While computing the values of limits of consistency and consistency indices , it is found that liquidity index, has a negative value Consider the following comments on this value 0.65 2.6 0.65 1 1. 2. 3. 4. Liquidity index cannot have a negative value and should be taken as zero Liquid index can have a negative value The soil tested is in semi solid state and stiff The soil tested in medium soft state. b) moisture content d) porosity

Which of these statements are correct? a) 40% b) 50% c) 60% d) 70% a) 1 and 4 b) 2 and 4 b)1 and 3 d) 2 and 3

58. In a soil specimen, 70% particles are passing through 4.75mm IS sieve and 40% particles are passing through 75 IS sieve. Its uniformity coefficient is 8 and coefficient of curvature is 2. As per IS classification, this soil is classified as a) SP c) 59. The correct sequence of plasticity of minerals in soil in an increasing order is a) silica, kaolinite, illite, montmorillonite b) silica, kaolinite, montmorillonite, illite c) kaolinite, silica, illite, montmorillonite b) GP c ) SW d) GW

volume

Water content

d) 63. Two soil sample A and B have porosities =40% and =60% respectively. What is the ratio of void ratios eA :eB? a) 2:3 b) 3:2 c) 4:9 d) 9:4

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hauling the soil required for compacting 100 m fill of the Embankment?(Assume that the soil in the barrow area and that in the Embankment are at the moisture content?) a) 14 b)18 c) 20 d) 23

64. Match List-I (densities) with List-II (expressions) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: (Symbols G, e, w and S stand for specific gravity of a soil grains , void ratio, unit weight of water and degree of saturation respectively) List-I a) Dry density b) Moist density List-II 1) w (G+Se)/(1+e) 2) wG/(1+e)

67. A clay sample has a void ratio 0.54 in dry state. the specific gravity of soil solids is 2.7. what is the shrinkage limit of soil? a) 8.5% b) 10.0% c) 17.0% d) 20.0%

68. Consider the following statements: 1. Mica is a clay mineral 2. Rock dust particles, even of clay size are non-plastic. 3. A particle of kaolinte is electrically changed. Which of these statements are correct? a) 1, 2 and 3 b) only 1and 2

c) Submerged density 3) w(G+e)/(1+e) d) Saturated density A a) 2 b) 2 c) 4 d) 4 a) 65. What are the respective values of void ratio , porosity ratio and saturated density (in KN/m) for a soil sample which has saturation moisture content of 20% and specific gravity of grains has 2.6? ( taken density of water has 10KN/ m). a) 0.52, 1.08, 18.07 b) 0.52, 0.34, 18.07 c) 0.77, 1.08, 16.64 d) 0.52, 0.34, 20.16 66. Embankment fill is to be compacted at density of 18 KN/ m.The soil of the barrow area is at a density of 15 KN/ m. What is the estimated number of trips of 6 m capacity truck for B 1 3 1 3 C 4 4 2 2 4) w(G-1)/(1+e) D 3 1 3 1

c) Only 2 and 3 d) Only 1 and 3 69. Which of the following relation gives the value of degree of saturation S, in terms of unit Weight , water content w (as ratio) and specific gravity of soil solids Gs is unit weight of the water? a) b) c)

d)

c) 70. Assertion (A): The water content of inorganic soils is determined by heating the soil in an oven at a temperature of 1050 to 1100C Reason (R): The free water, absorbed water and structural water are all completely removed from the the soil by heating it at 105 0 to 1100C. Codes: a) Both A and R is true and R is the correct explanation of A. b) Both A and R is true but R is not correct explanation of A.

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c) A is true but R is false. d) A is false but R is true 71. Match List- I(Equipments) with List-II (use) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the list List I A. Hydrometer B) SW B.Plate load set up C) ML C. Pycnometer . D) CL D.Direct shear apparatus.

Which of these statements are correct? a) 1 and 3 only b) 1,2 and 4 only b) c) 2,3 and 4 only d) 1,2,3 and 4 74. Match List-1(Soil classification symbol) with List-II ( Soil property) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A) GW

List-II List-II 1. 2. 3. 4. Determination of shear parameters Determination of specific gravity Determination of bearing capacity Grain size distribution tests for clays 1. Soil having uniformity coefficient>6 2. Soil having uniformity coefficient>4 3. Soil have low plasticity 4. Soil have low compressibility Codes: A B C D a) 1 2 4 3 b) 2 1 3 4 c) 2 1 4 3 d) 1 2 3 4 c) 75. Match List-I (Soil ) with List-II ( Type) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists. List-I A) Fine sand B) Silt C) Peat List-II 1. Expansive .Soil 2. Coarse graines Soil 3. Fine grained 4. Organic soil Codes A B 3 2 4 3 3 1 2 3

Codes : A a) b) c) d) 2 4 2 4 B 1 3 3 1 C 4 2 4 2 D 3 1 1 3

b) 72. In comparison to Atterberg limits of normal soils, the expansive soils have which of the fallowing? 1. More liquid limit 2. Less plastic limit 3. Less shrinkage limit 4. More volumetric shrinkage 5. Select the correct answer using the codes given below a)1,2,3 and 4 b) 1,3 and 4 only

c) 2 and 3 only d) 1, 2 and 4 only 73. Consider the following statements: On additions of lime to swelling soils, 1. 2. 3. 4. Their liquid limit increases Their plastic limit increases Their shrinkage limit increases Their swelling potential decreases

a) b) c) d) d)

C 1 2 2 4

76. Match List-I(Symbol) with List-II( Soil) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

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List-I A. ML B. SM C. Pt D. MH List-II 1. 2. 3. 4. Silty sand Inorganic silt with large compressibility Inorganic silt with low compressibility Soil with high organic content with high compressibility a) 0.25

b) 0.50 c) 0.75 d) 1.0

81. A specimen of clayey silt contains 70% silt size particles. Its liquid limit = 40. And plastic limit =20, In liquid limit test, at moisture content of 30%, required number of blows was 50. Its plasticity index, activity and consistency index will respectively be a) 20, 0.67 and 0.5 b) 20, 1.5 and 2.0 c) 30, 1.5 and 0.72 d) 20, 0.286 and 0.38 82. Match List-I (Measuring device) with List-II (Soil parameter) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I A. B. C. D. Pycnometer Hydrometer Odometer Permeameter list-II 1. Compressibility 2. Permeability 3. Specific gravity 4. Particle size analysis

Codes: A a) b) c) d) c) 3 4 3 4 B 2 1 1 2 C 4 3 4 3 D 1 2 2 1

Codes: A 77. For a sandy soil with soil grains spherical in shape and uniform in size, what is the theoretical void ratio? a) 0.61 b) 0.71 c ) 0.91 d) 0.81 a) b) c) d) d) 83. Match List-I (Deposit) with List-II (Soil structure) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists: List-I c) 0.67,25 and 15 d)0.33,20 and 15 A. B. C. D. Coarse grained soil Silt deposit Clay deposit Composite soil Codes: A B C D a) 2 3 1 4 b) 4 3 1 2 c) 2 1 3 4 d) 4 1 3 2 1. Flocculated 2. Cohesive matrix 3. Honeycomb 4. Single-grained List-II 2 3 2 3 B C D 4 1 1 4 1 4 4 1 3 2 3 2

78. A soil has liquid limit=35, plastic limit=20, shrinkage limit=10 and natural moisture content=25%. What will be its liquidity index, plasticity index and shrinkage index? a) 0.67,15 and 25 b) 0.33,15 and 10

79. A cohesive soil yields a maximum dry density of 16 kN/m3 during a standard proctor Compaction test. If the specific gravity is 2.65, what would be its void ratio? a) 0.552 b) 0.624 c) 0.712 d) 0.583

80. In a wet soil mass, air occupies one-sixth of its volume and water occupies one-third of its volume. The void ratio of the soil is

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b) 84. On analysis of particle size distribution of a soil, it is found that =0.1mm, =0.3mm and =0.8mm.The uniformity coefficient and coefficient of curvature, as given by the particle size distribution curve, are respectively. a) 3 and 3 c) 2.67 and 3 b) 2.67 and 1.125 d) 8 and 1.125

91. The liquidity index is defined as a ratio expressed as percentage of a) Plastic limit minus natural water content, to its plasticity index b) Natural water content minus its plastic limit to its plasticity index c) Natural water content plus in elastic limit, to its plasticity index d) Liquid limit minus natural water content to the plasticity index. 92. The weight of a Pycnometer containing 400g sand and water full to the top is 2150gr. The weight of Pycnometer full of clean water is 1950g. if specific gravity of the soil is 2.5, the water content is a) 5% b) 10% c) 15% d) 20% 93. The unit weight of a soil at zero air voids depends on a) Specific gravity b) Water content c) Unit wt. of water d) All d) 94. Which one of the following relations is not correct? a) b) c) d) b) 95. If the porosity of soil sample is 20%, the void ratio is a) 0.20 b) 0.80 c) 1.00 d) 0.25 d) 96. Principle involved in relationship between submerged unit weight and saturated unit weight of soil is based on a) Equilibrium of floating bodies b) Archemedes principle c) Stokess law d) Darcys law b) 97. A soil sample has a void ratio 0.5 and porosity will be close to a) 50% b) 66% c) 100% d) 33% d)

85. The natural water content of the soil sample was found to be 40%, specific gravity is 2.7 and void ratio 1.2; then the degree of saturation of the soil will be a) 100% b) 69% c) 87% d) 90%

86. The porosity of a soil sample having its void ratio equal to unity would be a) 33.34% b) 50.0% c) 66.66% d)75.0%

87. In a liquid limit test, the moisture content at 10 blows was 70% and that at 100 blows was 20%. The liquid limit of the soil is a) 35% b) 50% c) 65% d) 45% 88. A compacted soil sample using 10% moisture content has a weight of 200g and mass unit weight of 2.0g/cc. if the specific gravity of soil particles and water are 2.7 and 1.0, the degree of saturation of the soil is a) 11.1% b) 55.6% c) 69.6% d) 80% 89. Sieve analysis was carried out on a soil sample of 400gms. Out of 400gms, of soil 160gm retained on 4.75mm sieve, 120gm retained on 2mm sieve and 80gm retained on 600 sieve. The value of will be a). 7.4, 1.7 b) 1.7, 7.4 c) 7.92, 1.4 d)1.4, 7.92 90. Degree of saturation of a natural soil deposit having content 15% specific gravity 2.50 and void ratio 0.5 is a) 50% b) 60% c) 75% d) 80%

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98. A barrow pit soil has a dry density of 17KN/ . How many cubic meters of this soil will be required to construct an embankment of 100 volume with a dry density of 16KN/ a) 94 b) 106 c) 100 d) 90 d)

105. In this natural condition, a soil sample has a mass of 1.980kg and a volume of 0.001 . After being completely dried in an oven, the mass of sample is 1.8kg. Specific gravity G is 2.7. Unit weight of water is 10KN/ . The degree of saturation of the soil is a) 0.65 b) 0.70 c) 0.54 d) 0.61 106. The maximum possible value of group index for a soil is 20 . 107. The description sandy silty clay signifies that a) The soil contains unequal proportions of the three constituents in the order sand > silt > clay b) The soil contains equal proportions of sand, silt and clay c) The soil contains unequal proportions of three constituents such that clay>silt>sand d) There is no information regarding the relative proportions of the three c) 108. The Atterberg limits of clay are 38%, 27% and 24.5%. Its natural water content is 30%. The clay is in state. Plastic 109. A soil having particles of nearly the same size is known as a) Well graded b) Uniformly graded c) Poorly graded d) Gap graded b)

99. The void ratio and specific gravity of a soil are 0.65 & 2.72 respectively. The degree of saturation (%) corresponding to water content of 20% is a) 65.3 b) 20.9 c) 83.7 d) 54.4 100. A saturated soil mass has a total density 22KN/ and water of 10%. The bulk density and dry density of the soil are a) 12KN/ and 20KN/ b) 22 &20KN/ c) 19.8 &19.8KN/ d) 23.2 & 19.8KN/ 101. The water content of saturated soil and the specific gravity of soil solids were found to be 30% and 2.7 respectively. Assuming the unit of water to be 10KN/ , the saturated unit weight (KN/ ) and the void ratio of the soil are a) 19.4, 0.81 b) 18.5, 0.30 c) 19.4, 0.45 d) 18.5, 0.45 102. The saturated unit weight of the sand (KN/ ) is to be find for water content= 20%, G= 2.7 and =10KN/ a) 15 b) 18 c) 21 d) 24 103. A saturated undistributed sample from a clay stratum has moisture content of 22.22% and specific weight is 2.7. assuming =10KN/ , the void ratio and saturated unit weight of clay respectively are a) 0.6 and 16.875KN/ b) 0.3 and 20.625KN/ c) 0.6 and 20.625KN/ d) 0.3 and 16.975KN/ 104. In a compaction test, G, W, S, and e represent the specific gravity, water content, degree of saturation and void ratio of the soil sample respectively. If represents unit weight of water and represents the dry unit weight of the soil, the equation for zero-air voids line is a) b) c) =

110. The consistency of saturated cohesive soil is affected by a) Water content b) Particle size distribution c) Density index d) Co-efficient of permeability a)

111. The equation of A-line in the plasticity chart is 112. The particle size distribution curves are extremely useful for the classification of a) Fine grained soils b) Coarse grained soils c) Both fine and coarse grained soils d) Silts and clays

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b) 113. Consistency index for a clay soil is a) b) c) LL-PL d) 0.5w a) 114. Some of the structural strength of a clayey material is lost by remolding is slowly recovered with time. This property of soils to undergo an isothermal gel-to-sol-to-gel transformation upon agitation and sub-sequent rest is termed a) Isotropy b) Anisotropy c) Thixotropy d) Allotropy 115. The values of liquid limit and plasticity index for soils having common geological origin in a restricted locality usually define a) A zone above A-line b) A straight line parallel to A-line c) A straight line perpendicular to A-line d) Points may be anywhere in the plasticity chart 116. Toughness index of a clayey soils is given by a) Plasticity index/flow index b) Liquid limit/plastic limit c) Liquidity index/plastic limit d) Plastic limit/ liquidity index 117. Soil has been compacted in an embankment at bulk density of 2.15Mg/ and a water content of 12%. The value of specific gravity of soil solids is 2.65. The water table is well below the foundation level. Estimate the dry density, void ratio, degree of saturation and air content of compacted soil. 118. The un drained cohesion of a remoulded clay soil is 10KN/ . If the sensivity of the clay is 20, the corresponding remoulded compressive strength is a) 5KN/ b) 10KN/ c) 20KN/ d) 200KN/

b) Silty gravelly sand having co-efficient of uniformity equal to 10 c) Gravelly silty sand having co-efficient of uniformity greater than 60 d) Gravelly silty sand and its coefficient of uniformity cannot be determined. a) 120. In a standard proctor test, 1.8kg of moist soil was filling the mould (volume=944Cc) after compaction. A soil sample weighing 23g was taken from mould and over dried for 24 hours at a temperature of C weight of the dry sample was found to be 20g. Specific gravity of soil solids is a=2.7. the theoretical maximum value of the dry unit weight of the soil at that water content is equal to a) 4.67KN/ b) 11.5KN/ c) 16.26KN/ d) 18.85KN/

121. Laboratory sieve analysis was carried out on a soil sample using complete set of standard IS sieves. Out of 500gr. Of soil used in the test, 200g was retained on IS-600 size, 250g was retained on IS-500 sieve and remaining 50g was retained on IS-425 sieve a) The Coefficient of uniformity of soil is a. 0.9 b. 1.0 c. 1.1 d. 1.2 As 60 % of particles passed on 600 size and 10 % particles passed on 500 , .

b) The classification of soil is a. SP b. SW c. CI d. GW As the particles are in between 75 and 4.75 mm, it is classified as sand and as is not more than 6, it is poorly graded. So it is SP.

119. A soil mass contains 40% gravel, 50%sand & 10% silt. The soil can be classified as a) Silty sandy gravel having co-efficient of uniformity less than 60

122. Group symbols to silty sand and clayey sand are respectively a) SS and CS b) SM and CS c) SM and SC d) MS and CS c)

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123. The liquid limit (LL), plastic limit (PL) and shrinkage limit (SL) of a cohesive soil satisfy the relation a) LL>PL>SL b) LL>PL>SL c) LL>PL<SL d) LL<PL>SL a)

20

35

50

on the A-line, =29.2 The soil is above A-line. So the soil is clayey. The classification is CH

124. The laboratory test results of a soil sample are given be Percentage finer than 4.75mm=60 Percentage finer than 0.075mm=30 Liquid limit=35% plastic limit=27% The soil classification is a) GM b) SM c) GC d) ML-MI Coarse fraction =70 Fine fraction =30 As coarse fraction is more than fines, the soil is coarse grained. Gravel=40 and sand =30. So the soil is gravel. As fines are more than 12%, we need to check A-line.

CL

CI

CH H

ML 20 35

MI 50

MH

on the A-line, =10.95 The soil is above A-line. So the soil is silt. The classification is GM

125. A fine grained soil has liquid limit of 60 and plastic limit of 20. AS per the plasticity chart, according to IS classification the soil is represented by the letter symbols a) CL b) CJ c) CH CL-ML

CL 40 ML

CI

CH H

MI

MH

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