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Physics 101/Fall 2013 HW3 Due Thu Feb 6

Fill in the blank. (10 points)



1.) The force of air resistance on an object depends on the objects ________________ and _____________. 2.) True / False When an object is falling at its terminal velocity, it is in equilibrium regarding its motion. 3.) The Action-Reaction Law is Newtons (1st, 2nd, 3rd) ______________ Law.

4.) Action-reaction pairs (force pairs) are of the form F


(see Force Pairs slide, chap 5)

The three conditions on a force pair are that they must be a) ____________________________ b) ____________________________ c) ____________________________ d) Always on different objects

5.) When you kick a ball does the ball exert an equal and opposite force on your foot? (yes / no) __________________ 6.) A ball is dropped from a great height (not free fall; air resistance is significant!) Fill in the blank with increase(s), decrease(s), or stay(s) the same unless otherwise indicated. a) As it falls through the air its speed _______________ b) causing the upward force of air resistance to____________________. c) The net downward force ______________ d) and the magnitude of the acceleration_________________ as the ball continues to fall. e) Eventually terminal velocity is reached; the force of air resistance is (greater than / less than / equal to) ________________ the force of gravity. f) Velocity at this point _______________________________. g) True / False Acceleration at terminal velocity = 0. _________________

7.) Fill in the blank with greater than / less than / equal to A tiny little mosquito hits the windshield of your car. The force acting on the mosquito is ____________________________the force acting on the windshield. The effect of the force on the mosquito is ________________________ the effect of the force on the windshield.

Fill in the Blank

8). The unit of work and energy is a __________________________ (N-M) which is also called a _________________________ . 9.) Work is a (scalar / vector) _____________quantity, therefore the sign (+ or ) does not indicate a ___________________. 10.) When the net work done on an object is positive the objects speed (increases / decreases) __________________________, and when that work is negative the objects speed (increases / decreases) ______________________________. 11.) True / False If force is applied without any motion, then the work done by the force is 0 N; i.e. there is no work done. 12.) True / False If the force applied to a moving object is perpendicular to its motion, maximum work will be done on the object. 13.) Kinetic energy is the energy of __________________________ and potential energy is _______________________energy. 14.) The change in kinetic energy or potential energy is equal to the _______________ done/accomplished. = 15.) A box is pulled 4 m horizontally across the floor by a 100 N force with components as shown (right). How much work is done by the pulling force?
60 N __________________________________ 80 N

100 N

16.) A box is being pulled 6 m across the floor by a 30-N force parallel to the floor as shown (right). The force of friction is 8 N. a.) What is the work done by the pulling force. b.) What is the work done by the frictional force. c.) What is the net work done on the box.

30 N f

17.) Boxes A, B, C, and D have masses and velocities as shown. Determine how the Kinetic Energy of each box compares to that of box A.
m A

7m B

m C


2m D


________ KE A

_______ KE A

_______ KE A