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DOS Command Index
Information about all current DOS commands
From the book DOS the Easy Way by Everett Murdock Ph.D. CLICK HERE for information about downloading the book DOS the Easy Way. Click on a command name for com lete information about that command and exam les of its use!
"##E$D E!ternal" #PPE$D % #PPE$D &d:'path&%'&d:'path&...' #PPE$D &():on*off'&(path:on*off' &(E' Di+play+ or +et+ the +earch path for data file+. D,S will +earch the +pecified path +" if the file i+ not found in the current path.
"SSI%$ E!ternal" #SS-.$ !/y &...' (+ta
0edirect+ di+k drive re1ue+t+ to a different drive.
"&&RI' E!ternal" #220-3 &d:'&path'filename &(S' #220-3 &40*50' &4#*5#' &4S*5S' &46*56' &d:'&path'filename &(S' Set+ or di+play+ the read5only7 archive7 +y+tem7 and hidden attribute+ of a file or directory.
'"CK(# E!ternal" 3#89:P d:&path'&filename' d:&(S'&(M'&(#'&(F: +i;e"' &(P'&(D:date' &(2:time' &(<: &path'filename' Make+ a backup copy of one or more file+. -n D,S =er+ion >7 thi+ program i+ +tored on the D,S +upplemental di+k."
'RE"K -nternal" 30E#9 /on*off :+ed from the D,S prompt or in a batch file or in the 8,$F-..S?S file to +et or di+play" whether or not D,S +hould check for a 8trl 4 3reak key combination.
'())ERS -nternal" 3:FFE0S/ number"7 read5ahead number" :+ed in the 8,$F-..S?S file to +et the number of di+k buffer+ number" that will be available for u+e during data input. #l+o u+ed to +et a value for the number of +ector+ to
be read in advance read5ahead" during data input operation+.
C"LL -nternal" 8#<< &d:'&path'batchfilename &option+' 8all+ another batch file and then return+ to current batch file to continue.
CHC# -nternal" 868P codepage" Di+play+ the current code page or change+ the code page that D,S will u+e.
CHDIR -nternal" 86D-0 8D" &d:'path 86D-0 8D"&..' Di+play+ working current" directory and(or change+ to a different directory.
CHKDSK E!ternal" 869DS9 &d:'&path'&filename' &(F'&(=' 8heck+ a di+k and provide+ a file and memory +tatu+ report.
CO. See F8 command"..S -nternal program+".S command proce++or the program that load+ the D.-nternal" 86.MP &d:'&path'&filename' &d:'&path'&filename' &(#'&(8'&(D'&(<'&($: number"' 8ompare+ two group+ of file+ to find information that doe+ not match.-8E &(8&:'key+' &($'&(S'&(2&:'c7nn' &te!t' :+ed to provide a prompt +o that a u+er can make a choice while a batch program i+ running.# E!ternal" 8.MM#$D &d:'&path' &device' &(P'&(E: +i.'&(? &(8 command"*(9 command"' Start+ a new ver+ion of the D.
CO."$D E!ternal" 8.
CLS *Clear Screen+ -nternal" 8<S 8lear+ era+e+" the +creen.
-nput(.P? &(?*5?'&(#'&(3' &d:'&path'filename4&d:'&path'filename&.
D'LS#"CE E!ternal" D3<SP#8E ( automount/drive+ D3<SP#8E (chkd+k &(F' &d:'
.'&d:'&path'&filename' &(=' 8opie+ and append+ file+..$F-..utput" device to an au!iliary device.
D"&E -nternal" D#2E mm5dd5yy Di+play+ and(or +et+ the +y+tem date.
C&&-nternal" 822? device" 8hange+ the +tandard -(.8.S to u+e country5+pecific te!t convention+ during proce++ing.P? &(?*5?' &(#'&(3' &d:'&path'filename &(#'&(3' &d:'&path'&filename' &(=' or 8.:$20?/country code7&code page'&7'&d:'&filename' :+ed in the 8.S?S file to tell D.
&d:' &(='&(3'&(+kiphigh' &(<8D'*(3B*(.' &(6' DEF0#.
.e+ di+k performance by reorgani.e' &(F' D3<SP#8E (create d: &(newdrive/ho+t:' &(re+erve/+i.
DE'(% E!ternal" DE3:.ing the file+ on the di+k.e' d: D3<SP#8E (uncompre++ d: D3<SP#8E (unmount &d:' # program available with D.e' D3<SP#8E (defragment &d:' '(F' D3<SP#8E (delete d: D3<SP#8E (doubleguard/@*A D3<SP#8E (format d: D3<SP#8E &(info' &d:' D3<SP#8E (li+t D3<SP#8E (mount&/nnn' ho+t: &(newdrive/d:' D3<SP#8E (ratio&/ratio' &d:' &(all' D3<SP#8E (+i..@ that allow+ you to compre++ information on a di+k.ptimi.e' &(re+erve/+i.' &(6' . &d:' &(F'&(S&:'order' &(3'&(+kiphigh &(<8D*(3B*(.e&/+i.e/+i.D3<SP#8E (compre++ d: &(newdrive/ho+t:' &(re+erve/+i.S >. &pathname' ¶meter+' #n MS5D.
DEL *ER"SE+ -nternal" DE< E0#SE" &d:'&path'filename &(P' Delete+ era+e+" file+ from di+k..
DE)R"% E!ternal" DEF0#.e' &(+i.S utility u+ed to te+t and edit program+.
ICE -nternal" DE=-8E/ driver name" :+ed in the 8.6/ driver name" <ike DE=-8E7 DE=-8E6-.6 i+ u+ed in the 8.@ in+tallation.$F-.S which device driver +oftware to u+e for device+% however7 thi+ option i+ u+ed to in+tall the device driver into the upper memory area..
.' Delete+ era+e+" a directory including all file+ and +ubdirectorie+ that are in it..<D.@ or >.
DEL&REE E!ternal" DE<20EE &(?' &d:'path &d:'path&.S?S file to tell D.
DE.ICEHI%H -nternal" DE=-8E6-.
DE..S?S file to tell D..$F-.S which device driver to load.S after a C.S &(3' Delete+ all file+ from previou+ ver+ion+ of D.DELOLDOS E!ternal" DE<.
# E!ternal" D-S98.
DOS -nternal" D.S9E? &rein+tall' &(buf+i.-nternal" D-0 &d:'&path'&filename' &(#: attribute+"' &(.e/+i. -t i+ u+ed to load D.: order"' &(3'&(8'&(86'&(<'&(S'&(P'&(B' Di+play+ directory of file+ and directorie+ +tored on di+k.MP &d:' &d:'&(A'&(D' 8ompare+ the content+ of two di+kette+..P? &d:' &d:'&(A'&(='&(M' Make+ an e!act copy of a di+kette.S/&high*low'7&umb*noumb' :+ed in the 8.S?S file to +pecify the memory location for D.e'&(macro+'&(hi+tory'&(in+ert*(over+trike' ¯oname/&te!t''
DISKCO.S into the upper memory area and to +pecify whether or not the upper memory block+ will be u+ed.
EDI& E!ternal" ED-2 &d:'&path'filename &(3'&(..
.SS6E<< &(3' &(.
ECHO -nternal" E86.
DRI.6-' Start+ the MS5D.$F-.S editor7 a te!t editor u+ed to create and edit #S8-. on*off E86. -nternal" D0-=P#0M/ (D: number" &(8' &(F: form factor"' &(6: number"' &(-'& ($'&(S: number"' &(2: track+"' :+ed in the 8.#"R.S command+ +o that you can edit them. me++age" Di+play+ me++age+ or turn+ on or off the di+play of command+ in a batch file.S?S file to +et parameter+ for a di+k drive.:&re+olution'&n''*&(2:&re+olution'&n'' -nitiate+ the graphic +hell program u+ing the +pecified +creen re+olution.'&(6'&($.
DOSSHELL E!ternal" D.te!t file+.<oad+ the Do+key program into memory which can be u+ed to recall D.
./01 E!ternal" EMMED> &on*off*auto' &w/on*off' Enable+ or di+able+ EMMED> e!panded5memory +upport on a computer with an D@ED> or higher proce++or.
E2I& -nternal" E)-2 E!it+ a +econdary command proce++or. .
E2#"$D E!ternal" E)P#$D &d:'&path'filename &&d:'&path'filename& .'' E!pand+ a compre++ed file.
E2E3'I$ E!ternal" E)EF3-$ &d:'&path'filename &d:'&path'filename 8onvert+ . .E)E e!ecutable" file+ to binary format.
.S command+ with a brief e!planation of each.
)C E!ternal" F8 &(#'&(8'&(<'&(<b n'&($'&(2'&(B'&number' &d:'&path'filename &d:'&path'filename or for binary compari+on+" F8 &(3'&(number' &d:'&path'filename &d:'&path'filename Di+play+ the difference+ between two file+ or +et+ of file+.$F-.
.S?S file to +pecify the number of file5control block+ for file +haring.E!ternal" F#S26E<P &command'&command' (G Di+play+ a li+t of D.PE$ d:&/n'&()' 9eep+ track of the location+ of file+ for fa+t acce++.
)C'S -nternal" F83S/ number" :+ed in the 8.
)"S&O#E$ E!ternal" F#S2.
FD-S9 &(+tatu+' Prepare+ a fi!ed di+k to accept D.."& E!ternal" F.0 J variable" -$ +et" D.
)OR -nternal" F.
)OR. command" Perform+ repeated e!ecution of command+ for both batch proce++ing and interactive proce++ing". command" or for interactive proce++ing" F.
)ILES -nternal" F-<ES/ number" :+ed in the 8.
)I$D E!ternal" F-$D &(='&(8'&(-'&($' H+tringI &d:'&path'filename&.0M#2 d:&(A'&(K'&(D'&(F: +i.$F-.S file+ for +torage.0 JJ variable" -$ +et" D.Sy+ file to +pecify the ma!imum number of file+ that can be open at the +ame time..' Find+ and report+ the location of a +pecific +tring of te!t character+ in one or more file+.e"' &($: +ector+"' &(2: track+"'&(3*(S'&(8'&(=: label"' &(L'
.0#F2#3< & code page"' .
%R"#HICS E!ternal" .S command. label" 8au+e+ unconditional branch to the +pecified label..
%O&O -nternal" .2.0#P6-8S &printer type'&profile' &(3'&(0'&(<8D'&(P3: id"' &(8'&(F'&(P port"' Provide+ a way to print content+ of a graphic+ +creen di+play.'&(6'&($.&(:'&(=' Format+ a di+k to accept D.
HEL# E!ternal" 6E<P &command' &(3'&(.0#F2#3< &+tatu+' <oad+ a table of character data into memory for u+e with a color(graphic+ adapter".6-' Di+play+ information about a D.
%R")&"'L E!ternal" .S file+.
S?S file to load memory5re+ident program+ into conventional memory..
I$CL(DE -nternal" -$8<:DE/ blockname :+ed in the 8.2' E)-S2 filename command" ¶meter+' -F &$.$F-..
I$S&"LL -nternal" -$S2#<</&d: '&Mpath'filename ¶meter+' :+ed in the 8.
I$&ERS.0<E=E< number" command" ¶meter+' #llow+ for conditional operation+ in batch proce++ing.S?S file to allow you to u+e the command+ from one 8.
I$&ERLI$K E!ternal" -$2E0<-$9 &client&:'/&+erver'&:'' 8onnect+ two computer+ via parallel or +erial port+ +o that the computer+ can +hare di+k+ and printer port+.S?S block within another.R
.$F-..2' +tringA"// +tringF" command" ¶meter+' -F &$.2' E00.I) -nternal" -F &$.$F-.
L"'EL E!ternal" <#3E< &d:'&volume label' 8reate+ or change+ or delete+ a volume label for a di+k. L"S&DRI.-$ d: &d:path' N.P? Start+ the -nterlink +erver..E -nternal" <#S2D0-=E/ drive letter"
.M:&n*addre++''&(baud:rate' &(3' &(=' -$2E0S=0 (08. S.. keyboard+.E!ternal" -$2E0S=0 &d:'&.'&()/d:'&.
KE-' E!ternal" 9E?3 &!!'&7'&yyy'&7'&d:'&path'filename &(E'&(-D: number"' <oad+ a program that replace+ the +upport program for :..' &(<P2:&n*addre++'' &(8.-$ d: &(D' #llow+ acce++ to the directory +tructure and file+ of a drive through a directory on a different drive.
4OI$ E!ternal" N..
:+ed in the 8. LO"D)I2 -nternal" <. E!ternal" MEM &(program*(debug*(cla++ify*(free*(module name"' &(page' Di+play+ amount of in+talled and available memory7 including e!tended7 e!panded7 and upper memory."KER E!ternal" MEMM#9E0 &(3'&(batch'&(+e++ion'&(+wap:d' &(2'&(undo'&(B:+i.S?S file to +et the ma!imum number of drive+ that can be acce++ed.. LO"DHI%H -nternal" <..6 <6" &d:'&path'filename ¶meter+' <oad+ memory re+ident application into re+erved area of memory between >K@95AM".
.#D6-.eA7+i.E.E.eF' Start+ the MemMaker program7 a program that let+ you optimi.e your computerO+ memory.$F-.#DF-) &d:'&path'filename ¶meter+' En+ure+ that a program i+ loaded above the fir+t >K9 of conventional memory7 and run+ the program.
...E$(I&E.' M-00.' &(2 drive" file+"' &(partn'&(:'&(A' Save+ di+k +torage information that can be u+ed to recover accidentally era+ed file+...$F-.S?S command+ to be proce++ed upon reboot.
.IRROR E!ternal" M-00.S?S file to +et the +tartup configuration that will be u+ed by D. -nternal" ME$:-2EM/blockname7 &menute!t' :+ed in the 8.S to di+play te!t on the +creen.KDIR
.$F-..$F-.S if no key i+ pre++ed within the +pecified timeout period.
.E$(COLOR -nternal" ME$:8..S?S file to +et the color+ that will be u+ed by D.E$(DE)"(L& -nternal" ME$:DEF#:<2/blockname7 &timeout' :+ed in the 8.0 &dA:'&dF:'&..0/te!tcolor7&background' :+ed in the 8.S?S file to create a +tart5up menu from which you can +elect a group of 8.<.$F-..0 &d:'path &d:' path &..
E P0EP#0E/ codepage li+t" &d:'&path'filename M.DE device" 8.DE device" 8.
.DE <P2P&:'/8.DE &n'7m&72' M.DE device" 8.E -nternal"
.DE 8.Mn&:'baud&7'&parity'&7'&databit+'&7'&+topbit+'&7'&retry' M.DEP#.0E Send+ output to con+ole7 one +creen at a time.DEP#.E 0EF0ES6 Set+ mode of operation for device+ or communication+.MD" -nternal" M9D-0 MD" &d:'path 8reate+ a new +ubdirectory.DE 8.DEP#.E SE<E82/ codepage" M.DE di+playtype7linetotal" M.DE n M.ORE E!ternal" M.DEP#.DE device" 8.$&0#2E/ number"'&DE<#?/ number"' M.O.0E Q filename or command" name"*M.DE <P2P&:'&n'&7'&m'&7'&P'&retry' M.
.DE device" 8.E P0EP#0E/ codepage" &d:'&path'filename M.
.DEP#.ODE E!ternal" M.E &(S2#2:S' M.Mn &retry' M.
.=E &(?*(5?' &d:'&path'filename&7&d:'&path'filename&.
. .S =er+ion >".'' de+tination Move+ one or more file+ to the location you +pecify.SD E!ternal"
.S'"CK(# E!ternal" MS3#89:P &+etupfile' &(3B*(<8D*(MD#' :+ed to backup or re+tore one or more file+ from one di+k to another. 8an al+o be u+ed to rename directorie+.M.
.SCDE2 E!ternal" MS8DE) (D:driver &(D:driverF.' &(E'&(9'&(S'&(='&(<:letter' &(M:number' :+ed to gain acce++ to 8D50.. E!ternal" MS#= &d:' &(S*(8'&(0'&(#'&(<'&($'&(P'&(F'&(video'&(mou+e' MS#= (video Scan+ your computer for known viru+e+..M drive+ new with D.
$(..$F-.LOCK -nternal" $:M<.S?S file to +pecify the +tate of the $um<ock key.
$LS)($C E!ternal" $<SF:$8 &d:'&path'filename :+ed to load a file with country5+pecific information..MSD &(3'&(-' MSD &(-' &(F&d:'&path'filename &(P&d:'&path'filename &(S&d:'&path'filename Provide+ detailed technical information about your computer.89/on*off :+ed in the 8.' Set+ or di+play+ directorie+ that will be +earched for program+ not in the current directory.
#"&H -nternal" P#26% P#26 &d:'path&%'&d:'path&..
RECO.' Lueue+ and print+ data file+.
#RI$& E!ternal" P0-$2 &(3: buffer+i.S command prompt.BE0 &adv:ma!*reg*min'*+td*off' :+ed to turn power management on and off7 report the +tatu+ of power management7 and +et level+ of power con+ervation..P#:SE &comment' Su+pend+ e!ecution of a batch file until a key i+ pre++ed.MP2 &prompt te!t' &option+' 8hange+ the D.ER E!ternal"
.#& -nternal" P0.
#OWER E!ternal" P.e"' &(D: device"' &(M: ma!tick"' &(L: value' &(S: time+lice"'&(:: bu+ytick"' &(8'&(P'&(2' &d:'&path'&filename' &.
S =er+ion >7 0E8..=E0 i+ no longer available ". -nternal" 0EM &comment' :+ed in batch file+ and in the 8.=E0 &d:'&path'filename 0E8.
RE#L"CE E!ternal" 0EP<#8E &d:'&path'filename &d:'&path' &(#'&(P'&(0'&(S'&(:'&(B' 0eplace+ +tored file+ with file+ of the +ame name from a different +torage location.S?S file to in+ert remark+ that will not be acted on".
.=E0 d: 0e+olve+ +ector problem+ on a file or a di+k.$F-. 3eginning with D.
RE$".E *RE$+ -nternal" 0E$#ME 0E$" &d:'&path'filename &d:'&path'filename 8hange+ the filename under which a file i+ +tored.
.E!ternal" 0ES2.DIR *RD+ -nternal" 0MD-0 0D" &d:'path 0emove+ a +ubdirectory. .'*(all'&(checkonly*(autofi!&(no+ave'*(cu+tom'&(+urface'&(mono' &(no+ummay' S8#$D-S9 volume5name&(checkonly*(autofi!&(no+ave'*(cu+tom'&(mono'&(no+ummary' S8#$D-S9 (fragment &d:'&path'filename S8#$D-S9 (undo &undo5d:'&(mono' Start+ the Micro+oft ScanDi+k program which i+ a di+k analy+i+ and repair tool u+ed to check a drive for error+ and correct any problem+ that it find+.S =er+ion >7 thi+ command i+ no longer available".0E d: &d:'&path'filename &(P'&(S'&(3:mm5dd5yy' &(#:mm5dd5yy'&(E:hh:mm:++' &(<:hh:mm:++' &(M'&($'&(D' 0e+tore+ to +tandard di+k +torage format file+ previou+ly +tored u+ing the 3#89:P command.
SC"$DISK E!ternal" S8#$D-S9 &d: &d: .
SELEC& E!ternal" SE<E82 &d:' &d:'&path' &country code'&keyboard code' Format+ a di+k and in+tall+ country5+pecific information and keyboard code+ +tarting with D.
SE& -nternal" SE2 +tringA"/ +tringF" -n+ert+ +tring+ into the command environment.S +hould u+e. 2he +et value+ can be u+ed later by program+.
SE&.S that i+ reported to program+.
SHELL -nternal" S6E<</&d:'&path'filename ¶meter+' :+ed in the 8.$F-..S?S file to +pecify the command interpreter that D.ER E!ternal" SE2=E0 &d:':path'&filename number"'&(delete'&(1uiet' Di+play+ the ver+ion table and +et+ the ver+ion of D.
SH"RE E!ternal" S6#0E &(F:+pace' &(<:lock+' -n+tall+ +upport for file +haring and file locking.
S?S file to create a multilevel menu from which you can +elect
SOR& E!ternal" S.02 &(0'&(4n' Q filename" S.
S('.02 &(0'&(4n' R filenameF" Sort+ input and +end+ it to the +creen or to a file..SHI)& -nternal" S6-F2 -ncrea+e+ number of replaceable parameter+ to more than the +tandard ten for u+e in batch file+.e" :+ed in the 8.e of each +tack frame.S?S file to +et the number of +tack frame+ and the +i.E$( -nternal" S:3ME$:/blockname7 &menute!t' :+ed in the 8.$F-.
S&"CKS -nternal" S2#89S/ number"7 +i.$F-..
S to emulate different hardware configuration+.S?S file to configure D.E -nternal" 2-ME hh:mm&:++'&.S in a +pecial way% for e!ample7 to tell D.+tart5up option+.
S-S E!ternal" S?S &+ource' d: 2ran+fer+ the operating +y+tem file+ to another di+k.
S('S& E!ternal" S:3S2 d: d:path S:3S2 d: (D Sub+titute+ a virtual drive letter for a path de+ignation.
SWI&CHES -nternal" SB-286ES/ &(9'&(F'&($'&(B' :+ed in the 8.
&-#E -nternal" 2?PE &d:'&path'filename Di+play+ the content+ of a file.0M#2 d: &(N'&(<'&(te+t'&(partn'&(P'&(:'
.S' :$DE<E2E &(li+t*(all*(purge&d:'*(+tatu+*(load*(:*(S&d:'*(2d:&5entrie+'' 0e+tore+ file+ deleted with the DE<E2E command.
&REE E!ternal" 20EE &d:'&path' &(#'&(F' Di+play+ directory path+ and optionally" file+ in each +ubdirectory.Di+play+ current time +etting of +y+tem clock and provide+ a way for you to re+et the time.
($DELE&E E!ternal" :$DE<E2E &d:'&path'&filename' &(D2*(DS*(D.
($)OR."& E!ternal" :$F.
.ER -nternal" =E0 Di+play+ the D..
.:+ed to undo the effect+ of formatting a di+k.
.S ver+ion number.< &d:' Di+play+ a di+kO+ volume label.S")E E!ternal" =S#FE &(option&4*5'..
.' &($E'&($)'&#!*(8!' &($'&(D'&(:' =S#FE i+ a memory5re+ident program that continuou+ly monitor+ your computer for
.ERI)-nternal" =E0-F? on*off 2urn+ on the verify mode% the program check+ all copying operation+ to a++ure that file+ are copied correctly.OL -nternal" =.
2he command +ynta!7 on the other hand7 i+ how ?.viru+e+ and di+play+ a warning when it find+ one. Command Syntax Elements 5! Command $ame 2he D. Bhenever you enter a D.
2o be functional7 each D.
2CO#E!ternal" )8. For e!ample7 you can determine the item+ that are optional7 by looking for information that i+ printed in+ide +1uare bracket+.S program a few of the D.S command that deal+ with di+k drive+ and you are already working in the drive in 1ue+tion7 you do not have to enter the drive de+ignator.S command name i+ the name you enter to +tart the D. 6owever7 +ome command+ are not related to di+k drive+ and therefore do not re1uire a drive de+ignation. 2he notation &d:'7 for e!ample7 indicate+ an optional drive de+ignation.S 2he +ynta! SnotationS i+ a way to reproduce the command +ynta! in print. -n thi+ book7 the command i+ u+ually printed in upperca+e letter+7 but you can enter command name+ a+ either lowerca+e or upperca+e or a mi! of both.S prompt #R i+ +howing at the left +ide of the +creen" and you want to u+e the D-0 command to di+play
.P? &d:'&path'filename &d:'&path'&filename' &(#'&(D: date"' &(E'&(M'&(P'&(S'&(='&(B' &?M5?' 8opie+ directorie+7 +ubdirectorie+7 and file+.S command mu+t be entered in a particular way: thi+ command entry +tructure i+ known a+ the commandO+ S+ynta!.: enter the command to make it work.S command+ can be entered u+ing +hortcut name+".S command+. 3! S ace #lway+ leave a +pace after the command name.S command name i+ alway+ entered fir+t. /! Dri6e Desi7nation 2he drive de+ignation abbreviated in thi+ book a+ Sd:S" i+ an option for many D. 2he D. For e!ample7 if you are working in drive # when the D.
-f you do not enter a drive de+ignation7 D. :! )ilename Extension # filename e!ten+ion can follow the filename to further identify it. 55! .a directory li+ting of that +ame drive7 you do not have to enter the drive de+ignation." indicate that an item in a command +ynta! can be repeated a+ many time+ a+ needed.S alway+ a++ume+ you are referring to the drive you are currently working in +ometime+ called the SdefaultS drive". 9! #athname # pathname path" refer+ to the path you want D. #+ de+cribed in 8hapter E7 it indicate+ the path from the current directory or +ubdirectory to the file+ that are to be acted upon.itches 8haracter+ +hown in a command +ynta! that are repre+ented by a letter or number and preceded by a forward +la+h for e!ample7 S(PS" are command option+ +ometime+ known a+ S+witche+S".S recogni.S to follow in order to act on the D. 2he e!ten+ion follow+ a period and can be of three or fewer character+.S command. 1! )ilename # filename i+ the name of a file +tored on di+k.e+ it a+ a drive de+ignation". :+e of the+e option+ activate +pecial operation+ a+ part of a D. 0! S. 8! " Colon Bhen referring to a drive in a D.. 5=! Elli ses Ellip+e+ .ertical 'ar Bhen item+ are +eparated by a vertical bar *"7 it mean+ that you enter one of the
..S commandO+ function+. <! 'rackets -tem+ enclo+ed in +1uare bracket+ are optional% in other word+7 the command will work in it+ ba+ic form without entering the information contained in+ide the bracket+.S command7 you mu+t alway+ follow the drive de+ignator with a colon :" thi+ i+ how D. #+ de+cribed in 8hapter A7 a filename can be of eight or fewer letter+ or other legal character+. # filename e!ten+ion i+ not re1uired.
2000 by Everett Murdock
. text. For e!ample: .FF mean+ that you can enter either .FF7 but not both.nloadin7 the book DOS the Easy Way
'ack to the EasyDOS . CLICK HERE for information about do. and graphics copyright 1994 .$ or .+eparated item+.$ * .enu