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NKJV NRSV TEV NJB The Ten Commandments Giving of the Law at Reviewed Sinai 5:1-5 5:1-5 The Ten Commandments The Ten Commandments 5:1-5 5:1 5:2-5 5:6-7 5:6-7 5:6 5:7 5:8-10 5:11 5:12 5:13 5:14 5:15 5:16 5:17 5:18-21 5:8-10 5:11 5:12 5:13 5:14 5:15 5:16 5:17 5:18-21a 5:21b 5:22 The People Afraid of God's Presence 5:23-33 5:28-33 5:22-27 5:22 The People's Fear 5:23-27 5:28-31 5:32-33 5:22 Moses the Mediator 5:23-27 5:28-31 To Love Yahweh is the Essence of the Law (5:32-6:13) 5:8-10 5:11 5:12 5:13 5:14 5:15 5:16 5:17 5:18-21 5:6 5:7 5:8-10 5:11 5:12 5:13 5:14 5:15 5:16 5:17 5:18-21

Casuistic . Ancient Israel. These are usually guidelines for societies. Every paragraph has one and only one subject. lists the OT law codes: 1. 143-144."you shall not.laws stated as general prohibitions (usually SECOND PERSON PLURAL statements .laws characterized by the "if.Leviticus 1-7. .Exod. Deuteronomy . B. but it is the key to following the original author's intent. You must not relinquish this to a commentator. the Bible. Deut. 1. Third paragraph 4. Apodictic . C. They are specific divine prescriptions on actions and attitudes. Types of Israeli laws 1. 20:22-23:33 3. 5:6-21 2. There are consequences to actions. Identify the subjects (reading cycle #3). Compare your subject divisions with the four modern translations above. You. and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. Second paragraph 3. Etc. the Law of Holiness . 20:2-17. Read the chapter in one sitting. 2.5:32-6:3 READING CYCLE THREE (see "Guide to Good Bible Reading") FOLLOWING THE ORIGINAL AUTHOR'S INTENT AT PARAGRAPH LEVEL This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. These are usually guidelines for the spiritual life. 1. 11-16 All of these are considered Torah. Paragraphing is not inspired.then" format. Roland de Vaux. BACKGROUND STUDY A. pp. .Exod. the Priestly code . . . 12-26 4.").Deut. First paragraph 2. Cultural influences . which is the heart of interpretation. vol.Leviticus 17-26 5. the Decalogue . Each of us must walk in the light we have. the Code of the Covenant .

28[twice]." 5:1 "all Israel" The Law was for everyone (not an elite group). Qal PERFECT.26.32. KB 531. cf.9[twice]. that you may learn them and observe them carefully.literally "do" (BDB 793. 5while I was standing between the LORD and you at that time.25. 5:1. ▣ "Hear" See note at Deut. e. Deut. KB 1581. 5:1. 4:1.9. "carefully" .3.12[twice].. 17:19. 31:12. 3The LORD did not make this covenant with our fathers. in form . in content .e. 20:3. KB 889. 5:10. "learn them" (BDB 540. with all those of us alive here today.g. but Deuteronomy and Joshua 24 follow the pattern of the 2000 B. see introduction to the book.1. for you were afraid because of the fire and did not go up the mountain.40.29. Qal INFINITIVE CONSTRUCT) These three VERBALS summarize the meaning of shema (BDB 1033. 6:2. John H. tribes. which . 4:1.. but Moses probably spoke to the elders who then told his words to all the people (i. 4:1.6. 17[twice]. 4:2. ▣ "learn them and observe them carefully" This phrase has three VERBALS: 1. K. period. 4The LORD spoke to you face to face at the mountain from the midst of the fire.C. clans). see Special Topic: Israel (the name).12. pp. The Bible in Its World. 4:10.earlier law codes a. KB 1570. VII. 27:9). Kitchen. 14:23. Walton.A.11. WORD AND PHRASE STUDY NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:1-5 1Then Moses summoned all Israel and said to them: "Hear. pp. ▣ "the statutes and the ordinances" See note at Deut. Lipit-Ishtar b. 2The LORD our God made a covenant with us at Horeb. For "Israel". etc. 95-107.Hittite treaties (Suzerain). cf. to declare to you the word of the LORD. 6:3.24. 27[twice]. but with us. which occur in several set patterns. Qal PERFECT.4. Code of Hammurabi 2.23. Ancient Israelite Literature in Its Cultural Context. 18:9. "observe them" (BDB 1036.25.13 2.. 7:8. Deut. the statutes and the ordinances which I am speaking today in your hearing. which shows its historicity (cf. He said. 3. 9:1. O Israel. 80-95.

Gen. 5:3.e. YHWH is a form of the . Exod. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:6 6"I am the LORD your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt. 33:11. 5:5 "while I was standing between the LORD and you. under twenty years) of the evil generation. 15:9-18.36. "to cut a covenant. 10:4). and walked through the middle of those halves as a sign of covenant. This was a method of OT covenant ratification (i. 4:12. Abraham. KB 500.means "hear so as to do"! 5:2 "The LORD our God" See Special Topic: NAMES FOR DEITY. It is a recurrent idiom (cf. 5:4 "face to face" This refers to a personal encounter (not literally) at Mt. 26:63-65). but others see it referring to the parents. laid the halves on each side. Deut. 5:4. . cut them in half. ▣ "with all those of us alive here today" This refers to the children (i. ▣ "covenant with us" See note at Deut.. Jer. . out of the house of slavery. Qal PERFECT [twice]). Gen. Deut.15. It possibly implies a curse on those who break the covenant (cf. Gen. 4:13. The next phrase seems to confirm the second option.26. Sinai. 34:18) or even a meal to seal the covenant.e. 19:16)." cf. 34:27. Abraham took a goat. and Jacob." 5:6 "I am the LORD" This may be paraphrased: "I am the 'I Am. Isaac.'" I am the ever living. 29:12. Horeb/Sinai in Exodus 19. and other animals. ▣ "made" This is literally "cut" (BDB 503. 5:3 "our fathers" Some scholars see this phrase referring to the Patriarchs. only living God. 34:10. the evil generation who died in the wilderness (cf. 32:30. See Special Topic: Location of Mt Sinai. 15:18. a bull. 31:16). ▣ "from the midst of the fire" This is a repeated reference to Exodus 19 (cf. Ezek. Exod. ▣ "at Horeb" Horeb is the Hebrew word for Mt.24.32. Jdg. 20:35). 21:27.33. 31:44.. This clearly shows that the words of YHWH had relevance to this generation and every generation. Exod. including today. I am the ever existing One.22. Num.for you were afraid" The people were afraid of YHWH so Moses was a mediator between YHWH and the Israelites (cf. 9:10. 6:22. 5:4. Deut.

▣ "who brought you out of the land of Egypt" Notice that YHWH's grace and elective choice came before the Law was given. 20:3. Deut. COUNTRY." 5:8 "an idol" This is literally "graven image" (BDB 820). EARTH (‫)ץרא‬ 5:9 "You shall not worship them or serve them" These are two negated VERB forms: 1. or any likeness of what is in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the water under the earth. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:7 7"You shall have no other gods before Me. for I. 3:14). am a jealous God. the LORD your God. 4:12. 20:5. See Special Topic: NAMES FOR DEITY.15-19. 19:4. 4:19. to those who love Me and keep My commandments. Deut. Exod. Hophal IMPERFECT. The golden calf of Exodus 32 was a representation of YHWH. 26:1). YHWH is alone. 8:10. 11:16. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:8-10 8"You shall not make for yourself an idol. unique. 33:26. 10but showing lovingkindness to thousands." which is an idiom for "no other in My category" (cf. 2 Sam. 22:32. "worship" ." "prostrate" (cf. 23:24) 2.23. 6:4. 15:12-21. "serve" . This choice was made plain to Abraham in the unconditional promise/covenant of Gen.39. ▣ "earth" See Special Topic: LAND. ever-existing! This is an assertion of monotheism (cf." 5:7 "no other gods before Me" "Before" (BDB 818 #7) is literally "before My Face. Exod. This first assertion and command is the uniqueness of Israel's faith in a polytheistic ancient Near East! See note at Deut. 9:14. KB 773. Deut. and on the third and the fourth generations of those who hate Me. 46:9). SPECIAL TOPIC: LAND. 2:2. COUNTRY. or (2) foreign idols (cf. KB 295 Hishtaphel IMPERFECT or Hithpael IMPERFECT . 7:22. she did not choose him. 8:19.Hebrew VERB "to be" (cf. visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children. God chose Israel. which means "do" "serve . 1 Sam. Lev. Exod.25). Exod. 9You shall not worship them or serve them.BDB 1005. which means "bow down. Isa.23). This can refer to (1) any physical representation of YHWH (cf.BDB 712. 4:35. EARTH (‫ )ץרא‬below.

and on the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me" Notice the punishment is not arbitrary or indiscriminate. KB 1338. "to twist" (e. 24:25. 106:6). One generation's unbelief and/or disobedience affected the entire family.Exod. visit to bless . but He does punish those who wilfully reject Him (especially those who have some knowledge of His revelation. 2 Kgs. 29:10. Jer.. 106:4. Ruth 1:6. ▣ The VERB "visiting" (BDB 823. 2:15.e. 4:24. 25:12. Hosea 1:4. This implies that unbelief runs through families. The numbers in these two verses make my point. 13:19. 11:22. 21:14. Deut. 4:14. 50:24. Amos 3:2). 12:2 ▣ "the iniquity of the fathers" The term "iniquity" (BDB 730) may be related to the similar root. 4:10). Jer. Qal ACTIVE PARTICIPLE). 34:7. Jesus).. 19:20. 8:47. See Special Topic: Thousand (eleph). The influence of the parents is crucial to the development of faith (see notes at Deut. SPECIAL TOPIC: LOVINGKINDNESS (HESED) ▣ "to thousands" These two verses help me see the nature of YHWH. 19:15. one affects the whole-Adam. 23:24 YHWH knew the "religious" and "superstitious" tendency of the fallen human heart and tried to protect the revelation of Himself and His purposes from the destructive influences of Near Eastern idolatry.14. Jer. 31:29-30. 13:21. To this sense of corporality must be added the individual aspect of faith (cf.e. 24:16. This is part of the Hebrew concept of corporality (i..as a slave. 32:5 2. 21:1. Deut. ▣ "on the children. Deut. 14:6. Lev. Ezekiel 18)! 5:10 "showing" This VERB (BDB 793. 14:18. 34:7. 18:25. the covenant people). David. 20:5. visit to punish . Exod. Jer." or "perform acts of worship (cf. In the ancient Near East several generations of families lived together. ▣ "jealous" See note at Deut. 36:31. 2 Sam. . Num. 27:22. 24:17. 1 Kgs.25.g. Amos 3:2. Israel is punished for her disobedience (e. Qal ACTIVE PARTICIPLE) has several senses: 1.. KB 955.Gen. 13:2. Exod. i. but directed toward those who "hate" YHWH (BDB 971. Achan. Ps. Ps. which matches the ongoing action of the VERB in Deut. KB 889) is a Qal ACTIVE PARTICIPLE. 20:5. 65:9.g. His basic nature is longsuffering love. 20:5. 5:9. ▣ "lovingkindness" See Special Topic below. Exod.

13:3. God's judgment of Israel instead of blessing 2." to carry. which caused YHWH to punish them (cf. 19:5-6). for the LORD will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain. Ezek.32 and many more times in Deuteronomy). 10:12.13. The NT (cf. His initiating covenant love is maintained by covenant obedience. 7:9) ▣ "those who love Me and keep My commandments" It is a characteristic of Deuteronomy to link obedience to YHWH's covenant to love for YHWH (cf. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:11 11'You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain. Now they obey/perform out of a sense of gratitude and family love (i. 6:5.16. The goal is the same. but not the name of other gods! This emphasis begins in Gen. Deut. Mark 10:45. 36:22-38) is based on God's gracious initiation and redemption in Christ. The name represents the person and character of YHWH. 26:25). but the tragedy is that their covenant disobedience. 11:1. 2:10). "those who love Me"). where the line of Seth "began to call upon the name of the LORD".29. Galatians 3).. 1:14. Eph. Deut. 2:8-9). 5:21). Deuteronomy 2729). 2 Cor.10. 5:1.12. Abraham did the same (Gen. but they have been accepted and forgiven by grace through faith (cf. showing covenant love to the thousandth generation (cf. The OT was based on the grace of YHWH and human obedience/performance. YHWH's love is not capricious." It seems to imply an act of speech." or "to take. 10:9-13. Deut. The Israelites were called on to speak "the name" in worship (cf. 19:9. but the mechanism has changed from human performance to Christ's performance (cf. Eph. Exod. KB 1581) is the key concept in this chapter (cf. 4:25-26. 12:8. the Apostle Paul uses the phrase to offer universal salvation in Rom. He shows no partiality.1. 7:9. KB 724. This is continued by the Apostle Peter on Pentecost and asserted to be fulfilled (cf. 30:6.e. This same concept is put in an eschatological setting by Joel 2:28-32. but clearly defined. Believers are still destined to be righteous (cf. The Israelites were to be a kingdom of priests to the world (cf. a righteous (Christlike) people. Jer:31: 3134.22. meant that the message to the world was distorted by: 1. 10:20). Isaac did the same (Gen. YHWH wanted to show human inability to respond appropriately (cf. visiting iniquity to the third and fourth generations 2.20). "Keep" (BDB 1036. Qal IMPERFECT) means "to lift. Acts 2:14-21). God's people turning to idolatry . Deut. 21:33). 5:11 "You shall not take" The VERB (BDB 669. 6:13.

14:18. so that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. exclusiveness. rest. as the LORD your God commanded you. 6:13. 1:3). Exod. 13Six days you shall labor and do all your work. Luke 12:48. KB 720. Exod. and selfrighteousness! ▣ "in vain" This term (BDB 996) means "empty. 5:12 "Observe" This VERB (BDB 1036. Joel 3:21. God's people's developing arrogance. SPECIAL TOPIC: SABBATH This term (BDB 992) means "rest" or "cessation of activity. where YHWH uses His rest as a pattern for animals (cf. The first specialized use of this day by Israel was in Exod." "non-existent. Nah. Jer. 23:12) and mankind (humans need a regular schedule of work. Piel IMPERFECT which means "acquit") is a metaphor for something clean. thereby innocent or free from guilt (cf. Exod. Num. 30:11. 34:7.3. especially for those who know Him (cf. 14but the seventh day is a sabbath of the LORD your God. and the LORD your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm. 20:7. Qal INFINITIVE ABSOLUTE) means "keep" and is used repeatedly in Deuteronomy. 5:20 for a "false" witness. and worship). ▣ "for the LORD will not leave him unpunished" The VERB (BDB 667. 46:28. 139:20). Ps." The usage as a day of worship starts with Gen." "vain" (cf. This is the same word used in Deut. 15You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt. To misrepresent YHWH is a most serious sin. therefore the LORD your God commanded you to observe the sabbath day. KB 1581. but in using His name in false legal testimony. Deuteronomy 27-29). 10:26-31)! NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:12-15 12Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy. . See Special Topic: YHWH's Eternal Redemptive Plan. 10:20). 2:2-3. Deut. Israel became a "false" witness to the character and purposes of YHWH because of their recurrent disobedience. 20:7. There are consequences to human sin. in it you shall not do any work. which resulted in YHWH's judgment (cf. It is possible that this commandment does not refer to taking oaths in YHWH's name (cf. ▣ "the sabbath" See Special Topic below. Heb. you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant or your ox or your donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you.

Deut. 31:13. Exod.. It became a covenant marker (like circumcision) of YHWH's people (cf.Deut. 58:13. Exodus 23 and Leviticus 23). This is one example where the Ten Words in Exodus 20 are slightly different from the Ten Words in Deuteronomy 5. to allow servants (and animals) a day of rest . Deut. to be fair and just with the underprivileged and disenfranchised . 5:21-48) to be written because a question like. Isa. Ecclesiastes 3).20). 8:11-20) . 5:15 "You shall remember" See note at Deut. 24:17-18 4.31). the Sabbath begins on Friday evening and goes through Saturday evening. 5:12-15). 16:12 2. Like the sun and moon (cf.16:25-26 in the gathering of manna.17. Deuteronomy is preparing Israel for the settled. 6:10-15) and to obey the covenant (e. ▣ "holy" See Special Topic below. Deut. 15:12-15 3. Ezek. 7:18. 17:21-22).Deut." cf. "What is work?" became crucial. 20:8-11. The ambiguity of the written Law caused the legalistic Oral Law to be developed. The seven day week became a way to mark special days and years (cf. Obedience was mandated (cf. There are two origins given for the Sabbath: (1) Exodus 20:11 orients it to Genesis 1-2. Exod.. It then becomes part of "the Ten Words" (cf. because Israelites marked the day in Genesis 1 categories ("evening and morning. to freely release and empower Hebrew slaves . 8:1-10) lest serious consequences come (e. The rabbis devised a definition so that the faithful Jew would not break the Law. SPECIAL TOPIC: HOLY 5:13 "work" Laws like Deut. Jer.. while Deuteronomy orients it to the Egyptian bondage (cf.g. 1:5.8. Deut. 1:14) the Sabbath provided a division of time for mankind's activities (cf. ▣ "that you were a slave in the land of Egypt" Moses uses this experience of slavery to motivate the Israelites to compassionate action toward underprivileged people in their society: 1. 5:12-15. Deut. Matt. Deut. 5:13-14 caused the development of the Oral Traditions (cf. agricultural life in Canaan. Gen. 56:2. Specifically.g.g. to leave the corners of the field and the second gathering of crops for the poor . 20:12.19.13. 24:19-22 This phrase is also used numerous times to warn Israel to act appropriately in light of YHWH's gracious gift of the land (e.23. 5:14 "seventh day is a sabbath" The Sabbath was a day of rest (BDB 992). Gen. 5:15).Deut.

2 Cor.Matt. 25:4 . Deut.Gal. 11:8 9. Deut. Deut.Rom. 32:35 . Deut. 6:2-3 2. 5:21 5. 30:12-14 . 4:7. 1 Tim.Matt. that your days may be prolonged. Deut. 19:15 . KB 455.Gal.Rom. Deut. Piel IMPERATIVE) originally meant "to be heavy" and developed a metaphorical meaning of "give due weight to" or "honor. 19:18-19a. 5:17 . Mark 12:29-30. 5:18 6. In a sense it models the relationship between God and mankind. Deut. 4:10. 21:23 .Matt. 15:10 (cf. 32:43 . 22:37. but not legalistically! ▣ "and your mother" This shows high regard for motherhood even though in the Oriental society women were legally on the level of chattel or property. 10:6-8 8. 12:19-20 10. Deut. Longenecker. 5:16 . 19:15 . 7:7 3. Luke 4:8 7.2 Cor. 15:4. 27:26 . 18:16 9. Deut. 5:38 Paul also quotes Deuteronomy often: 1. Mark 10:19. 5:16-20 . Deut. Deut. A submissive attitude toward authority is crucial in religious life! Jesus mentions these commandments several times as well as other portions of Deuteronomy: 1. as the LORD your God has commanded you. and that it may go well with you on the land which the LORD your God gives you. Deut.Matt. Luke 4:12 8. 5:16 "Honor" This VERB (BDB 457.Matt. 5:21 . Mark 7:10 2. 6:4-5 . Richard N. Deut. 92-95).Rom. but authority and respect. Deut.Rom. Deut. 3:10 7. 5:16 . 13:1 4. 6:13 .Rom. 32:21 .Matt. A Hebrew mother was honored in her own home. Deut. Deut. 6:16 .Matt. pp. Luke 10:27 6. The authority of parents was strictly . Deut. Apparently the NT writers used the OT extensively." This honor is not based on agreement.Eph. 4243. Biblical Exegesis in the Apostolic Period. Luke 18:20 4. 19:15 . 3:13 5.Matt.NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:16 16 Honor your father and your mother. 9:9.

Also. 23:22-25. 19:26. From archaeological discoveries we know of the Babylonian Law Codes of Lipit-Ishtar and Hammurabi which predate the Law of Moses by several hundred years. Even ." In my opinion this passage cannot be used as a biblical admonition against military service or capital punishment. 30:11. the importance of tribes inheriting and passing on land allotted to them by YHWH made adultery a significant issue. 5:17-21 These are laws that are common to all eastern societies. 20:20. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:17 17 You shall not murder. This similarity shows (1) that there are some things that are innately wrong in every situation and society and (2) that Moses was a child of his own day and culture as well as a prophet of God. the third idea is faithfulness within the home. Num. 5:17 "murder" The Hebrew VERB "murder" (BDB 953. Deut.. If a society is characterized by honor in the home and respect for family life. This does not mean killing of any kind because Israel had both capital punishment (e.. not primarily to an individual. 4:40. The Code of Hammurabi is similar to the Ten Commandments.17). 11:9 show that this was a promise to a society. Exod. 35:30) and Holy War (e.g.g. 21:17. KB 1283. Qal IMPERFECT) originally meant "to violently crush. The commandment is saying "Thou shalt not violently murder for selfish reasons or revenge" or "do not commit non-legal. Pro. They believed that in some sense a person lived on through his seed. SPECIAL TOPIC: NOTES ON EXODUS 20 (MURDER) SPECIAL TOPIC: PEACE AND WAR NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:18 18 You shall not commit adultery. See note at Deut. 6:20. 15:20.16-17). 20:13. This was a serious crime because of OT views of the afterlife. the first law is faithfulness to parents. 27:16).respected (cf. ▣ "your days may be prolonged" Verse 33. the second law is faithfulness in not taking your brother's life. Qal IMPERFECT) refers to only extra-marital sexual activities. 5:18 "adultery" In the OT adultery (BDB 610. Notice. KB 658. premeditated murder. 1:8. Both were to be respected and obeyed (cf." Life belongs to God. that society will be stable and last through time. 4:40.

it was called "going a whoring" and was considered spiritual adultery or faithlessness. and you shall not desire your neighbor's house. when accused of something. 24:7. Exod. means "a strong desire" for material things. This idea of adultery is often used symbolically for idolatry. which can be positive or negative. 2. "desire" . This expresses a faithfulness to one's covenant brother whose life belongs to God.shall not desire" These two VERBS are synonymous: 1. KB 20. 101:5. therefore. Hipthpael IMPERFECT. . If you proved your accuser wrong he had to take the penalty for the crime he accused you of (cf. Pro. Ps.betrothed women were treated as married (cf. 5:19 "steal" This is probably a reference to kidnaping and selling (BDB 170. Qal IMPERFECT. means "desire" (cf. when Israel went after other gods. 19:16-21). selfish desire for something which belongs to a covenant brother.BDB 16. . Ezekiel and Hosea analogously present God as a husband to Israel. . All of the surrounding laws brought the death penalty. Mary was accused of unfaithfulness because she was betrothed to Joseph. false witness was a serious crime! Bearing false witness reveals an unfaithfulness within the community of faith. Since disobedience to the Ten Words caused death. Deut. his ox or his donkey or anything that belongs to your neighbor. because of the context of the surrounding laws. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:20 20You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor. 21:16). it was the responsibility of the accused to prove the accuser wrong rather than our modern American judicial practice of assuming one innocent until proven guilty. Job 17:5. Deut. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:21 21You shall not covet your neighbor's wife. Jer. In this context it is an uncontrollable. cf.' 5:21 "shall not covet. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:19 19You shall not steal. 5:20 "bear false witness" In ancient societies. KB 198. Lies destroy the reputation and take an innocent life of a covenant brother or sister. Deut. Deut. This seems harsh for petty theft. God takes this lying seriously (cf. his field or his male servant or his female servant. 9:8-9). 22:23ff. Qal IMPERFECT. KB 325. "covet" .BDB 326. 11:9.

26For who is there of all flesh. Horeb/Sinai and recorded in Exodus 19-20. and we have heard His voice from the midst of the fire. Exod. Jesus took this last commandment and raised the rest of the commandments to the level of inner motive and attitude as over against outer action (cf. 12:32. Num. Pro. 11:4. This is the only commandment that deals with why. And He wrote them on two tablets of stone and gave them to me. then speak to us all that the LORD our God will speak to you. with a great voice. 25Now then why should we die? For this great fire will consume us. who has heard the voice of the living God speaking from the midst of the fire. yet he lives. 5:21) for more and more for me at any cost (e.'" 5:22 "He added no more" The Ten Words (Decalog) and their explanations are from YHWH. Matt. 23And it came about. There is all the difference in the world in a man who does not steal because it is not pleasing to God and the man who does not steal because he is afraid of getting caught. Ps. The phrase "and He added no more" is a literary way of asserting a complete revelation (cf. 23:3. while the mountain was burning with fire. This revelation must be respected and untampered with (cf. 13:4. we have seen today that God speaks with man. Deut. not human discovery or rationalization.18. the LORD our God has shown us His glory and His greatness. 5:23 "all the heads of your tribes and your elders" The elders came to Moses because they were frightened (cf. Eccl. This is revelation (from God). Verses 22-27 are referring to the experience of Israel at Mt.. then we shall die. and we will hear and do it. 'Behold. 20:18-20) by the . One is acting on Christian principles and the other is acting on self-interest.of the cloud and of the thick gloom. not Moses (compare Exod. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:22-27 22"These words the LORD spoke to all your assembly at the mountain from the midst of the fire. all the heads of your tribes and your elders. 30:6. Pro. when you heard the voice from the midst of the darkness. if we hear the voice of the LORD our God any longer. 12:32). Deut." Jesus taught that we should not only not kill. not how. 24:1). 3:14). It is capstone to all the other commandments.14:26) or "lust" (often has a sexual context as in Deut. This relates to one's inner attitudes and motives. as we have. 106:14. we should not hate. 31:18 & 34:27-28). and lived? 27Go near and hear all that the LORD our God says. 24And you said. 4:2. This one says not only "don't do" but "don't think this. 19:16. 21:26. that you came near to me. 4:2.6. and He added no more. or display an attitude that might result in murder. Deut. 5:17-48). 5:25-26.g.

SPECIAL TOPIC: GLORY ▣ "that God speaks with man" God does reveal Himself and humanity can understand and relate to Him! This is the basis of our understanding of God's revelation and God's covenant requirements. Exod. that it may be well with them and with their sons forever! 30Go. 3:24. 29:2.. "we will hear and do it"). that they would fear Me. Exod.g. 14:22).g. 16:1. 79:9. Num.e. Both are commercial terms meaning "heavy" or "weighty. that I may speak to you all the commandments and the statutes and the judgments which you shall teach them. It is used often of God's name (e. and the LORD said to me." 31But as for you. Deut.' 32So you shall observe to do just as the LORD your God has commanded you. 33You shall walk in all the way which the LORD your God has commanded you. that they may observe them in the land which I give them to possess. 2. this is the often repeated VERB shema (i. 5:24.12). "hear" . 5:24 "His glory and His greatness" The Hebrew root "glory" (BDB 458) is the same root as "honor" (BDB 457) of Deut. 33:18. 150:2). 11:2. Ps. and that it may be well with you. 66:2. NASB (UPDATED) TEXT: DEUTERONOMY 5:28-33 28"And the LORD heard the voice of your words when you spoke to me. 5:27 "Go near and hear all that the LORD our God says" This has two Qal IMPERATIVE VERBS: 1. Num. They have done well in all that they have spoken. 24:16-17. 4:31 and 10:17. Ps. 9:26.22. you shall not turn aside to the right or to the left.. The second term "greatness" (BDB 152) is often used of God in Deuteronomy (cf. and keep all My commandments always. See notes at Deut. 'I have heard the voice of the words of this people which they have spoken to you. 40:34-35.BDB 1033. Exod." which came to denote honor.. "Return to your tents.g. say to them. stand here by Me. 16:7.physical manifestations connected to YHWH's personal presence on Mt. 16:7. Lev. 16:16). 29Oh that they had such a heart in them. 96:8).BDB 897. and that you may prolong your days in the land which you shall . 5:16. Horeb/Sinai." Approaching YHWH often had dangerous consequences (cf.. KB 1570. that you may live. person (e. KB 1132. 32:3. "go near" . and actions (e. which means "come near" or "approach.

8. "give" . Qal IMPERATIVE. 5:31 5:31 "all the commandments and the statutes and the judgments" See Special Topic at Deut. 5:30. 5:30 4. 4:1. Ps. it would be good for them. Deut. Qal IMPERATIVE. "teach" . "go" . KB 840. Qal IMPERATIVE. and (3) maintain covenant faithfulness in it (cf. Qal IMPERFECT) is a common phrase in the OT used twenty-five times. 15:18-21 2. KB 210. ▣ "which I give them to possess" There are two VERBALS in this phrase: 1. 28:13-15. 1:2. 26:3-5 3. 3. Gen. KB 531. God's promise to Israel. 21:43.BDB 180. 20:16. but this involves responsibilities. mostly in Job (NIDOTTE. 55:6). 8:120). Deut.24.6. Gen. . Deut. 7:12-13. God's promise to Jacob.BDB 996. 678. KB 733. 18:3. "to possess" . 5:31 6. 5:30 3. God gave His laws to give us a whole. . 5:29 "Oh that they had such a heart.11. KB 246. "say" . 21:23. Qal INFINITIVE CONSTRUCT This statement is based on: 1. KB 1427. 2 Sam.31 These two verses have a series of commands: 1. "stand" . 4:40. Deut. vol. healthy. 19:10. Deut. 2:9." 5:28-33 Notice that God says "that it may be well for you.BDB 540.BDB 763. Deut.BDB. "return" .13. Deut. God's promise to Abraham. 12:1-3. If they would obey. "speak" .possess. but Israel had to (1) take it.15. Gen. 5:31 5." BDB 566 plus BDB 678. KB 733.BDB 229.BDB 55. 4:38." These commandments weren't given to burden the people. KB 65. Gen.3. 5:30 2. Deut. God longs for mankind's happiness and peace. Exod. (2) settle it. Here it expresses a wish (cf. for their children. Piel IMPERFECT (possibly in this context COHORTATIVE in meaning). for their children's children and on and on (cf. God's promise to Isaac. 6:4. 429. 18:33. Qal IMPERATIVE. God gave them to give His people freedom. p. 35:9-12 4. and happy life. 24:13 God gave/promised a special land to Israel. .BDB. Jos. 27-29). Qal IMPERATIVE. 15:16.and would keep all My commandments" This introductory exclamation ("Oh that they had. Qal ACTIVE PARTICIPLE 2. Deut.40. 209). KB 441.

23:6. ▣ "that it may be well with" The VERB (BDB 373. 3:25. 2:27. These discussion questions are provided to help you think through the major issues of this section of the book. Deut. 9:12. They are meant to be thought provoking. 28:14. 1:25. Deut. You." The ADJECTIVE is often used to describe the Promised Land (cf. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. 34:2. 15:16. 119:105. 5:16-21? | Home | Old Testament Studies | Deuteronomy Table of Contents | Previous Section | Next Section | Copyright © 2013 Bible Lessons International . What unifying theme do we see in Deut.25. To deviate from God's clear path/road was sin (cf. Biblical faith is not only laws to be kept.20. Qal IMPERFECT). 5:33 "You shall walk" In this context "walk" means "lifestyle" (BDB 229. 19:13). 2 Chr. 4:27). Why are the Ten Commandments different when comparing Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5? 4. 6:23). See note at Deut. What is the purpose of the Law? 3. 1:7. it is a daily lifestyle: 24 hours a day.5:32 "you shall not turn aside to the right or to the left" This is an idiom related to God's word as a clearly defined path or road (cf. 17:11. You must not relinquish this to a commentator. etc. 2 Kgs.16. and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. not definitive. the Bible. What is the purpose of the Sabbath? Why don't we worship on Saturday? 5.). 7 days-a-week relationship to God by faith. 1. 31:29. The VERB describes the good life God promises for covenant obedience (cf. This faith must issues in a godly life. Pro. Jos. Deut. Each of us must walk in the light we have. 4:21. What is the relationship between law and grace? Should Christians keep the Ten Commandments? 2. Qal PERFECT) is literally "pleasing" or "good.22. Ps. KB 370. Pro. KB 246. 22:2.

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