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# Sample Voltage Drop Calculation Across Cable

See figure 1 and figure 2 below
CBL-0001:

Given:
Length = 1000 ft. I = 79.92 A
PF = Cosθ = 0.26 Sinθ = Sin(Cos-1θ) = 0.966
R = 0.51 Ω /1000 ft. X = 0.0796Ω/1000 ft.

Ract = (0.51Ω /1000 ft.)(1000ft.) = 0.51 Ω
Xact = (0.0796Ω/1000 ft.)(1000 ft.) = 0.0796 Ω

Voltage Drop Calculation:
VD = IRCosθ + IXSinθ ÿ From IEEE Red Book
VD = I[RCosθ + XSinθ]
VD = 79.92 [(0.51)( 0.26) + (0.0796)(0.966)] = 16.74 V
VD3θ = √3 X VD = √3 X 16.74 V = 28.99 V
V D3θ % = (28.99/4160V) X 100 = 0.698 % ÿ Same as PTW32 result

Figure 1

Input/Impedance Data

UTIL-0001

Nominal Voltage 4160 V BUS-0001

Length 1000.0 ft
Rpos 0.5100 Ohm/1000 ft
Xpos 0.0796 Ohm/1000 ft
Rzero 1.6073 Ohm/1000 ft
CBL-0001 Xzero 0.1960 Ohm/1000 ft
pu Rpos (100MVA Base) 2.9470 pu
pu Xzero (100MVA Base) 1.1326 pu
pu Rzero (100MVA Base) 9.2877 pu
pu Xpos (100MVA Base) 0.4600 pu

BUS-0002
Nominal Voltage 4160 V

Nominal kVA 300.0 kVA
Rpos 1.7000 %
Xpos 4.9600 %
XF2-0001 Rzero 1.7000 %
Xzero 4.9600 %
pu Rpos (100MVA Base) 5.6667 pu
pu Xzero (100MVA Base) 16.5333 pu
pu Rzero (100MVA Base) 5.6667 pu
pu Xpos (100MVA Base) 16.5333 pu

Nominal Voltage 480 V BUS-0003

Length 1000.0 ft
Rpos 0.2100 Ohm/1000 ft
Xpos 0.0430 Ohm/1000 ft
Rzero 0.6618 Ohm/1000 ft
CBL-0002 Xzero 0.1059 Ohm/1000 ft
pu Rpos (100MVA Base) 22.7865 pu
pu Xzero (100MVA Base) 11.4909 pu
pu Rzero (100MVA Base) 71.8099 pu
pu Xpos (100MVA Base) 4.6658 pu

Nominal Voltage 480 V BUS-0004

RatedSize 100.00 hp
State Starting
pu Rpos (100MVA Base) 14.58 pu
pu Xneg (100MVA Base) 145.80 pu
MTRI-0001
Figure 2

UTIL-0001

NominalSysVoltage 4160 V BUS-0001
LF Voltage 4160.00 V
LF VD% 0.00 %

LF Current 79.92 A
CBL-0001 LF Current Angle -74.65 deg
LF VD% 0.69 %
LF PF 0.26

NominalSysVoltage 4160 V BUS-0002
LF Voltage 4131.20 V
LF VD% 0.69 %
LF Current 79.92 A
XF2-0001 LF CurrentSec 692.62 A
LF Current Angle -74.65 deg
LF VD% 10.03 %
LF PF 0.25
NominalSysVoltage 480 V
LF Voltage 428.53 V BUS-0003
LF VD% 10.72 %

CBL-0002 LF Current 692.62 A
LF Current Angle -74.65 deg
LF VD% 4.90 %
LF PF 0.24

NominalSysVoltage 480 V
LF Voltage 405.01 V
LF VD% 15.62 % BUS-0004

MTRI-0001
State Starting