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Colony of Virginia based on tobacco as a cash crop Lord Baltimore was the founder of Maryland Maryland home to Catholics Bacons Rebellion led by Nathaniel Bacon (poor vs. wealthy); led by previous indentured servants-- intended to rebel against Governor Berkeley 5. John Winthrop founded Massachusetts Bay Colony aka City on a Hill 6. Dutch colonization was for commerce (trade, business) 7. British used mercantilism to ensure economic success; passed Navigation Acts 8. Anne Hutchinson banned because she held religious meetings that included women; believed that faith led to salvation 9. Roger Williams banned because he believed in treating Indians as equals (buying territory, not stealing) and in the separation of Church and State 10. Both banned to Rhode Island 11. Most religiously tolerant colonies in the 1600s (17th century) were Rhode Island and Maryland-- NOT PENNSYLANIA 12. Salem Witch Trials caused by political instability, economic issues, and Indian attacks 13. Metacoms War (King Philip) happened because he wanted to protect his land and culture for his people 14. Pennsylvania was home to the Quakers: pacifists & ethnically diverse 15. People migrated to the colonies because of PERSIA 16. Great Awakening was a religious revival movement 17. Stono Rebellion: slave rebellion caused by Spanish in Florida 18. John Locke believed in natural rights (life, liberty, property), representative government, and the right to rebel against tyrannical government 19. Enlightenment movement based on reason and thinking 20. Deists were not religiously based thinkers ********** 21. New Lights (radicalism) challenged Old Lights (rationalism) 22. Baptists converted the most slaves 23. French and Indian War caused by Ohio River Valley dispute 24. South Carolina Regulators&Paxton Boys: both groups wanted to open up the Western lands 25. French and Indian War signals end to salutary neglect 26. British troops sent to enforce Proclamation Line and stop rebellions in the colonies 27. Proclamation Line down the Appalachian Mountains; no settlement past there 28. Stamp Act passed to raise money 29. Colonists said No taxation without representation and British replied with virtual representation 30. Quartering Act: colonists had to house soldiers and provide them with beds, food, etc. 31. Daughters of Liberty boycotted by spinning homespun clothes 32. Quebec Act angered people; Catholics in Quebec and New Englanders were Puritans (Catholic vs. Puritan conflict) 33. Common Sense written Thomas Paine; idea that it was common sense that America (big continent) should not be ruled by England (small country); unreasonable 34. Declaration of Independence: stated reasons why colonies should be independent 35. French involvement with America helped win War 36. French negotiated treaty after the Battle of Saratoga

37. Last Battle was Battle of Yorktown 38. Land Ordinances opened up new territory and new states 39. Shays Rebellion: desire for a new stronger government 40. Great Compromise created a bicameral legislation- two houses (H of R and Senate) 41. Bill of Rights: to strengthen rights not stated in Consitution 42. 3/5th Compromise refers to slaves representation in slave states 43. Hamiltons financial plan helped rich and created debt 44. Washingtons last speech referred to the dangers of alliances and political parties 45. Jefferson wanted a farming, agrarian society 46. Federalists vs. Democratic-Republicans led to passing of Alien and Sedition Acts (against free speech) 47. Kansas and Virginia Resolutions: states rights 48. Marbury vs. Madison - JUDICIAL REVIEW 49. Republican Motherhood-- being a republican mother 50. 1800 Revolution: change in political parties (power) peacefully - the election 51. economy went down due to Embargo Act 52. War of 1812 causes: British still had forts in America & was impressing (drafting by force) sailors 53. Battle of New Orleans- Andrew Jackson as war hero 54. Hartford Convention: Federalists wanted to split US and secede. 55. Hartford Convention led to the end of the Federalist party 56. American Colonization Society wanted to send slaves back to Africa 57. Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson emphasized transcendentalism (inner nature) 58. Margaret Fuller was editor and author of Women in the 1900s 59. Harriet Beecher Stowe was author of Uncle Toms Cabin 60. Walt Whitman author of Leaves of Grass 61. Moby Dick written by Herman Melville 62. The Scarlet Letter written by Nathaniel Hawthorne 63. Shakers believed in no sex, alcohol, smoking, fighting, politics 64. Oneida community- silverware, polygamy 65. Founder of Oneida community was John Humphrey Noyes 66. Ripley- Brook Farm 67. Joseph Smith founder of Mormons 68. Anne Lee Mother Anne - Shakers 69. Fourierist Society founded by Arthur Brisbane 70. Ralph Waldo Emerson believed in individualism 71. Henry Clay created the American system (internal improvements: infrastructure) 72. Jackson s presidency known as Era of Common Man 73. Tokeville- Democracy in America- Comman Men- individualism 74. Walker- blacks are going to revolt and seize power 75. Thoreau did not pay taxes to support cause and went to jail 76. Dorothea Dix - mental hospitals 77. Seneca Falls (1848) Declaration of Independence- developed Declaration of Rights and Sentiments- womans rights 78. Beating of Charles Sumner- most violent Congress event; Preston Brooks caned Charles Sumner 79. 5440 or fight-- referred to Oregon Territory/Washington 80. Polk blood spilt on our soil led to Mexican War

81. Wilmot Proviso- no slave states after war 82. Lowell System = girls working in the Factory 83. gag rule- no petition of slavery in Congress 84. Know-Nothing Party against immigrants 85. Lowell System- working women in textile industry 86. Garrison wrote the Liberator & burned Constitution 87. Dred Scott vs US SLAVES AS PROPERTY 88. Thoreau supported Brown 89. General Sherman burned Atlanta 90. Black Codes: Limit the rights of blacks 91. Dorothea Dix = forming of prisons 92. 13th Amendment: abolished slavery 93. 14th Amendment: gave citizenship 94. 15th Amendment: voting rights for all man 95. US buys Alaska from Russia 96. Exodusters: blacks who migrated out of Kansas 97. Chief Joseph of Nez Pierce tribe 98. Sitting Bull leader of Sioux tribe 99. Ida B. Wells antilyncher 100. Homestead Act application ownership of land as grant 101. Defeat of Gen. Custard = Sitting Bull 102. Apache Wars - Geronimo 103. Last battle of Indian War was Battle of Wounded Knee 104. Booker T Washington founded = Tuskeegee 105. Jacob Reese photographed how the other half lives 106. Pulitzer = yellow journalism 107. Margaret Sanger: birth control 108. Jane Adams: Hull House 109. Muller c Oregon: Limit the work hours of Women 110. 16th amend: Fed income Tax 111. 17th Acmendment: Direct Electoin in Senate 112. 18th Amend: prohibition of Alcohol 113. 19th amend: womens right to vote 114. Federal Reserve Act: fed reserve bank creation