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# MARKING SCHEMES –CHAPTER 1 ( Introduction To Science

)

QUES MARKS TOTAL
CHARACTERISTICS
1 a The longer the length of the pendulum the longer time
is taken to complete one oscillation 1
b i Manipulated V = Length of the pendulum
ii Responding V = Time taken for one oscillation 3
iii Controlled V = Mass/size of the pendulum
c i. 20 cm ii. 100cm 2

d
i T 2.4
i x
m 1.8 x
e x
1.2 x

0.6

2
0 20 40 60 80 100
Length of pendulum(cm)

ii 1.5 s 1
e P Q R P 1
f The time of swing depends on the length of the
pendulum 2 12
2 Pendulum 20 cm ,period of swing = 20 seconds
a Pendulum 30 cm, period of swing = 30 seconds
Pendulum 40 cm , period of swing = 40 seconds 4
Pendulum 50 cm , period of swing = 50 seconds

b Length of the Period for 10 Period for 1
pendulum (cm) complete swing complete swing
10 10 1.0
20 20 2.0
30 30 3.0
40 40 4.0
50 50 5.0 2
c

2

1
Time (s )

5.0 x

4.0 x

3.0 x

2.0 x

1.0 x

0 10 20 30 40 50

Length of the
pendulum(cm )
d The period of the pendulum swing is longer when the
pendulum is longer // 1

The longer the length of the pendulum, the longer the
period of the pendulum to swing.
e Manipulated V = Length of the pendulum
Responding V = Time taken for one oscillation // the 3
period for one complete oscillation.
Controlled V = Mass/size of the pendulum bob
f 2.5 s 1

g The period of the pendulum to make one complete
swing increases with the length of the pendulum. //
The period of the pendulum to make one complete
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oscillation increases when the length of the pendulum 1
increases. //
When the length of the pendulum increases , the
period of pendulum to make one complete oscillation
also increases.
a The child R with a shorter length will swing faster than
3 the child P and Q. 1
b The child R has a shorter length of swing will swing
fastest. 1
c The shorter the length of swing, the shorter the time
taken to swing. 1
d i. A B C B A 1

2
e Manipulated Length of swing/ pendulum 2
variable
Responding Time for one swing/ complete
variable oscillation

f

2

g

2

1.2 second
1

3
The longer the length of string, the longer time taken to 1
complete one oscillation. 12

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