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11/28/13

IEEE 802.11ac - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

IEEE 802.11ac
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

IEEE 802.11ac is a wireless computer networking standard in the 802.11 family (which is marketed under the brand name Wi-Fi), developed in the IEEE Standards Association process,[1] providing high-throughput wireless local area networks (WLANs) on the 5 GHz band.[1] The standard was developed from 2011 through 2013, with final 802.11 Working Group approval and publication scheduled for early 2014.[1] According to a study, devices with the 802.11ac specification are expected to be common by 2015 with an estimated one billion spread around the world.[2] This specification has expected multi-station WLAN throughput of at least 1 gigabit per second and a single link throughput of at least 500 megabits per second (500 Mbit/s). This is accomplished by extending the air interface concepts embraced by 802.11n: wider RF bandwidth (up to 160 MHz), more MIMO spatial streams (up to 8), multi-user MIMO, and high-density modulation (up to 256-QAM).[3]

Contents
1 New technologies 2 Mandatory and optional features 3 New scenarios and configurations 3.1 Example configurations 4 Data rates 5 Products 5.1 Commercial routers 5.2 Commercial laptops 5.3 Commercial handsets 5.4 Chipsets 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

New technologies
Extended channel binding Mandatory 80 MHz channel bandwidth for stations (vs. 40 MHz maximum in 802.11n), 160 MHz available optionally More MIMO spatial streams Support for up to eight spatial streams (vs. four in 802.11n) Multi-user MIMO (MU-MIMO) Multiple STAs, each with one or more antennas, transmit or receive independent data streams simultaneously “Space Division Multiple Access” (SDMA): streams not separated by frequency, but instead resolved spatially, analogous to 11n-style MIMO Downlink MU-MIMO (one transmitting device, multiple receiving devices) included as an optional mode Modulation 256-QAM, rate 3/4 and 5/6, added as optional modes (vs. 64-QAM, rate 5/6 maximum in 802.11n) Controversy has been raised that this modulation rate is not suitable for any architecture other than extremely small cells and would be completely useless to 3GPP Other elements/features Beamforming with standardized sounding and feedback for compatibility between vendors (non-standard in 802.11n made it hard for beamforming to work effectively between different vendor products) MAC modifications (mostly to support above changes) Coexistence mechanisms for 20/40/80/160 MHz channels, 11ac and 11a/n devices

Mandatory and optional features
Mandatory features (carried over from 802.11a/802.11g) 800 ns regular guard interval Binary convolutional coding (BCC) Single spatial stream New mandatory features (newly introduced in 802.11ac) 80 MHz channel bandwidths Optional features (carried over from 802.11n) 2 to 4 spatial streams Low-density parity-check code (LDPC) Space-Time Block Coding (STBC) Transmit Beamforming (TxBF) 400 ns Short Guard Interval (SGI) Optional features (newly introduced in 802.11ac) 5 to 8 spatial streams 160 MHz channel bandwidths (contiguous 80+80) 80+80 MHz channel bonding (discontiguous 80+80)
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IEEE_802.11ac 1/4

wireless display. Laptop.[8] On May 14.7 Products Commercial routers Quantenna released the first 802. Apple announced in June 2013 that the new MacBook Air features 802.5 7 64-QAM 5/6 65 72.69 Gbit/s to 2-antenna STA 6. 80 MHz 2-antenna AP.3 Note: A second stream doubles the theoretical data rate. Laptop.69 Gbit/s Aggregate Capacity 433 Mbit/s 867 Mbit/s 867 Mbit/s 1. rapid synchronization and backup of large data files. is selling an 802. Set-top Box. Handheld 867 Mbit/s to each 1-antenna STA -.[13][14] later announcing in October en.one 4-antenna STA Digital TV.7 162 180 351 390 9 256-QAM 5/6 N/A N/A 180 200 390 433.8 108 120 234 260 6 64-QAM 3/4 58.11ac Wi-Fi chips and partners[7] and on April 27. 2-antenna STA.11ac version of their Airport Time Capsule.11ac access points including the AP 8232.5 195 5 64-QAM 2/3 52 57.5 7.11ac technology for smartphone application processors on December 14. Laptop Handheld Tablet.5 65 121. 2012.39 Gbit/s to 4-antenna STA -.9 54 60 117 130 4 16-QAM 3/4 39 43. four 2-antenna STAs.[10] Motorola Solutions is selling 802.7 40. 80 MHz 1-antenna AP.69 Gbit/s 4-antenna AP. such as simultaneous streaming of HD video to multiple clients throughout the home.3 292.11ac[12] (albeit in its "draft 2.2 13. 2012.5 21.5 3 16-QAM 1/2 26 28.11ac enable several new WLAN usage scenarios.11ac . 2-antenna STA. rate 5/6: Scenario 1-antenna AP. 1-antenna STA. it was reported that ASUS had unveiled its ROG G75VX gaming notebook. 1. which will be the first consumer-oriented notebook to be fully compliant with 802.5 585 585 650 702 780 780 866. PC.0" version). 160 MHz (MU-MIMO) 3. Broadcom announced its first 802. 2012.4 27 30 58.[6] On January 5. [11] Commercial laptops On June 7.11ac wireless networking capabilities.Wikipedia.11ac chipset for retail Wi-Fi routers and consumer electronics on November 15. Buffalo Technology released the world’s first 802. Laptop PHY Link Rate 433 Mbit/s 867 Mbit/s 867 Mbit/s 1. the free encyclopedia MCS 8/9 (256-QAM) New scenarios and configurations The single-link and multi-station enhancements supported by 802.5 325 8 256-QAM 3/4 78 86. 2011.5 65 2 QPSK 3/4 19. large campus/auditorium deployments. 2011.77 Gbit/s (MU-MIMO) Data rates Theoretical throughput for single Spatial Stream (in Mb/s) 40 MHz channels 80 MHz channels MCS Modulation Coding 20 MHz channels index type rate 800 ns GI 400 ns GI 800 ns GI 400 ns GI 800 ns GI 400 ns GI 0 BPSK 1/2 6. PC 1.77 Gbit/s -.11ac products to market.8 97.[4] Example configurations All rates assume 256-QAM. four 1-antenna STAs.5 15 29.11ac 2/4 . 160 MHz 2-antenna AP. etc.[9] Apple Inc. a 3rd 3x. 160 MHz channels 800 ns GI 400 ns GI 58. 1-antenna STA. 160 MHz Typical Client Form Factor Handheld Tablet.5 195 234 260 351 390 468 520 526.one 2-antenna STA Tablet.3 81 90 175.wikipedia.3 32.[5] Redpine Signals released the first low power 802.5 65 117 130 175. 160 MHz Digital TV. and manufacturing floor automation.39 Gbit/s (MU-MIMO) 8-antenna AP.5 135 263.11/28/13 IEEE 802. Netgear announced the first Broadcom-enabled router. releasing a wireless router and client bridge adapter. Tablet.69 Gbit/s to each STA 6.two 1-antenna STAs 8-antenna AP.2 135 150 292.5 45 87.org/wiki/IEEE_802.5 1 QPSK 1/2 13 14. 2012. 160 MHz Handheld 867 Mbit/s to each STA 3.

ieee.[17] The Samsung Galaxy Round. Desktops ? Laptops Intel 1 ? ? Marvell Marvell Qualcomm Qualcomm Qualcomm MediaTek MediaTek MediaTek MediaTek 2 3 1 2 3 1 1 2 2 4 1 3 ? ? ? ? ? ? Tablets Routers Handsets Tablets Routers PC (PCIe or USB) Handsets Laptops (PCIe 2.intel.mediatek.com.com/2011/02/08/study-802-11acdevices-to-hit-the-one-billion-mark-in-2015-get/).0) Routers Handsets Routers Quantenna Redpine RS9117 (http://www.pdf) Signals Redpine RS9333 (http://www.com/blog/networking/cheat-sheetwhat-you-need-to-know-about-80211ac/6689).com/newsen.Wikipedia.com/corporate/content.11/dcn/09/11-09-0161-02-00ac-802-11ac-usagemodel-document.marvell.php?sn=1108) QAC2300 (http://www.quantenna.0) Laptops (USB 3.11Wireless-LAN-Solutions/BCM4360) 4352 (http://www.com/products/Wireless-LAN/802. ^ "Quantenna Launches World's First 802. ^ de Vegt. Stephen (2011-02-08). 5.ppt).11ac .techrepublic.com/corporate/content. TechRepublic .com/corporate/content.quantenna.atheros. laptops Tablets Handsets Laptops. ^ Kassner.com/_en/03_news/012_newsDetail.11ac.11ac" (http://www.mtk.broadcom.com/wireless/avastar/88W8897/assets/MarvellAvastar-88W8897-SoC-PB.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/productbriefs/dual-band-wireless-ac-7260-bluetooth-brief.intel. announced on October 09.php?sn=1055) MT7612E (http://www. the HTC One on February 19.mediatek.org/wiki/IEEE_802. "Study: Expect a billion 802.pdf) Avastar 88W8864 (http://www. also uses the BCM4335. Rolf (2008-11-10).com/products/Wireless-LAN/802. Retrieved 2013-06-20. Quantenna.com/_en/03_news/012_newsDetail. ^ Shankland.html) (Press release).org/groups/802/11/Reports/802.engadget.11ac wireless networking capabilities.11ac-enabled handset.11ac Usage Models Document" (https://mentor.com/wireless/avastar/88W8864/) WCN3680 (http://www.com/content/dam/www/public/us/en/documents/productbriefs/dual-band-wireless-ac-3160-bluetooth-brief.php? sn=1063) MT7650 (http://www.mediatek. 2. ^ "Redpine Signals Releases First Ultra Low Power 802.redpinesignals.com/en/News/news_content. 2012-11-03.com/pdfs/RS9333. also use the 802.pdf) Avastar 88W8897 (http://www.com/products/Wireless-LAN/802.11_Timelines.php? nav1=119&news=802) QCA9880 (http://www.pdf) Streams 3 2 1 2 ? ? LDPC TxBF 256QAM Applications Routers.[13][14] later announcing in October 2013 that the MacBook Pro and Mac Pro also featured 802.11/28/13 IEEE 802.[18] Chipsets Vendor Broadcom Broadcom Broadcom Intel Part # 4360 (http://www. 3. "802.php? nav1=119&news=802) MT7610 (http://www.php?sn=1108) MT7612U (http://www.11 Working Group Project Timelines" (http://grouper.com/pdf/QAC2300-RDK.prnewswire.broadcom. 2013.com/pdfs/RS9117.11ac Gigabit-Wireless Solution for Retail Wi-Fi Routers and Consumer Electronics" (http://www.11ac-enabled handset.pdf) Signals See also IEEE 802.pdf) 3160 AC (http://www. 2013.redpinesignals.ieee. announced on March 14. 2013.[16] The Samsung Galaxy S4. ^ a b c "Official IEEE 802.wikipedia.com/pressrelease-11_15_11.marvell.11Wireless-LAN-Solutions/BCM4335) 7260 AC (http://www.11ac Wi-Fi devices in 2015" (http://www.atheros. Cnet.11ad References 1.php? nav1=119&news=802) QCA9862 (http://www. 2011-11-15. 6.11Wireless-LAN-Solutions/BCM4352) 4335 (http://www.atheros.11ac 3/4 .org/802.broadcom. the free encyclopedia Apple announced in June 2013 that the new MacBook Air features 802. Michael (2013-06-18).[citation needed] Commercial handsets HTC announced the first 802.tw/en/News/news_content.11ac Technology for Smartphone Application Processors" (http://www. 4.[15] The phone uses the Broadcom BCM4335 chipset. "Cheat sheet: What you need to know about 802.htm).

com/appnote/1MA192.prnewswire.com/newsreleases/redpine-signals-releases-first-ultra-low-power-80211ac-technology-for-smartphone-application-processors-135573628. ^ Apple .Airport Express (http://www. ^ "Redpine Signals Releases First Ultra Low Power 802. Austin. will ship next month for $200 (http://www.wikidevi. 2012-01-05.com/airport-extreme/) 11.wikipedia. ^ AP 8232 Modular 802.11 This page was last modified on 25 November 2013 at 12:43.apple.Macbook Air (http://www.org/wiki/IEEE_802.gsmarena. 2012. 10. Retrieved 2013-03-15.finally. 16.Opens 2012 CES with 5th Generation (5G) Wi-Fi Breakthrough" (http://www.11ac chipset. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.html) Understanding IEEE 802.htc.11ac amendment to the 802.ifixit.prnewswire. 18.Motorola Solutions USA (http://www. you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.fi. 2012-06-07. Redpine Signals.theruckusroom. Retrieved 2013-03-15.11ac Wireless Solutions Available Now" (http://www.com/2012/04/26/netgearr6300-802-11ac-router) 9. Retrieved 2013-06-11.reaching. ^ "BCM4335" (http://www.com/macbook-air) 15.pdf) A list of 802.php).com/wiki/List_of_802.cisco.11ac Wi-Fi Standard and Preparing the Enterprise WLAN (http://www.com/us/smartphones/htc-one/#specs).com/samsung_galaxy_round_with_curved_display_goes_official-news-6940.net/2010/12/beamforming-in-all-its-glory.Wikipedia.com/collateral/whitepapers/2012-wp-ieee-802-11ac-understanding-enterprise-wlan-challenges. Broadcom. 14. 802. ^ "BCM4335" (http://www. 2011-12-14.11ac Wi-Fi" (http://appleinsider. 2013-06-11. External links A brief technology introduction on the 802.11ac devices (http://www. 7. ^ "Buffalo's 802. additional terms may apply.pdf) 802.com/en/US/prod/collateral/wireless/ps5678/ps11983/white_paper_c11-713103.wikipedia.pdf) MIMO 802.consumers).html) (Press release).com/Teardown/HTC+One+Teardown/13494/2).com/USEN/Business+Product+and+Services/Wireless+LAN/Access+Points+and+Ports/AP_8232) 12. ^ "Broadcom Launches First Gigabit Speed 802.11ac 4/4 .electronista.wi. By using this site.11ac Test Architectures (http://www.motorolasolutions.apple. 13.merunetworks. ^ Netgear's R6300 router is first to use Broadcom 802.rohdeschwarz.generation. 8. Electronista.html) (Press release).11ac Technology for Smartphone Application Processors" (http://www. May 14.Mac . ^ "Apple unveils new MacBook Air lineup with all-day battery life.html) Retrieved from "http://en.11ac_Hardware) The Not So Definitive Guide to Beamforming (http://www. Inc.11-2007 standard (http://www.php?title=IEEE_802..standard. AppleInsider.org/w/index.11ac: The Fifth Generation of Wi-Fi Technical Paper (http://www.11n Access Point .com/blog/recentteardowns/2013/04/25/inside-the-samsung-galaxy-s4/).ztecinstruments.com/articles/12/06/07/fifth. en.engadget. Texas: Buffalo Technology (via PRNewswire).com/news-releases/buffalos-80211ac-wireless-solutions-availablenow-151352155. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation.com/zconnect/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/MIMO_RFICTest_Architectures. 17.html) (Press release).prnewswire.11/28/13 IEEE 802. ^ "HTC One specs" (http://www.11ac .11ac&oldid=583225673" Categories: IEEE 802. the free encyclopedia 6. Retrieved 2013-03-15.11ac" (http://www. ^ "Asus gaming notebook first to feature full 802. a non-profit organization. ^ "Galaxy Round" (http://www. Retrieved 2013-0315.com/articles/13/06/10/apple-unveils-newmacbook-air-lineup-with-all-day-battery-life-80211ac-wi-fi).11ac Chips .com/news-releases/broadcom-launches-first-gigabit-speed-80211ac-chips---opens-2012-ces-with-5th-generation-5g-wi-fibreakthrough-136728148.chipworks. ^ Apple .