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R e a d t h e B i b l e i n O n e Ye a r w i t h n o t e s f r o m

John MacArthur

The MacArthur Daily Bible


Copyright 2003 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.

Notes and commentary copyright 2003 by John F. MacArthur, Jr. All rights reserved. Interior design, typesetting, and editorial development and research provided by Koechel Peterson & Associates, Inc., Minneapolis, Minnesota. The Holy Bible, New King James Version Copyright 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. All rights reserved.

The text of the New King James Version (NKJV) may be quoted or reprinted without prior written permission with the following qualifications: (1) up to and including 1,000 verses may be quoted in printed form as long as the verses quoted amount to less than 50% of a complete book of the Bible and make up less than 50% of the total work in which they are quoted; (2) all NKJV quotations must conform accurately to the NKJV text. Any use of the NKJV text must include a proper acknowledgment as follows: Scripture taken from the New King James Version. Copyright 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved. However, when quotations from the NKJV text are used in church bulletins, orders of service, Sunday school lessons, church newsletters, and similar works in the course of religious instruction or services at a place of worship or other religious assembly, the following notice may be used at the end of each quotation: NKJV. For quotation requests not covered by the above guidelines, write to: Thomas Nelson, Inc. Attention: Bible Rights and Permissions P.O. Box 141000 Nashville, TN 37214-1000

All Rights Reserved Printed in the United States of America 8 9 10 11 09

table of contents
Welcome to The MacArthur Daily Bible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Fifty-two Key Passages of the Bible . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vi

Months
January . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 February . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105 March . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201 April . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .313 May . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .424 June . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .541 July . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .658 August . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .776 September . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .874 October . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .985 November . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1099 December . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1214

The Old Testament


Genesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Gen.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Exodus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Ex.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Leviticus . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Lev.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Num.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205 Deuteronomy . . . . . . .(Deut.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271 Joshua . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Josh.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333 Judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Judg.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374 Ruth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Ruth) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412 1 Samuel . . . . . . . . . . . . .(1 Sam.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 419 2 Samuel . . . . . . . . . . . . .(2 Sam.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 474 1 Kings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(1 Kin.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 519 2 Kings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(2 Kin.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 566 1 Chronicles . . . . . . . . .(1 Chr.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 617 2 Chronicles . . . . . . . . .(2 Chr.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 665 Ezra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Ezra) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 726 Nehemiah . . . . . . . . . . . .(Neh.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 746 Esther . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Esth.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 772 Job . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Job) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 788 Psalms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Ps.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Proverbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Prov.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Ecclesiastes . . . . . . . . . . (Eccl.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 855 Song of Solomon . . . .(Song) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 874 Isaiah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Is.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 886 Jeremiah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Jer.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1009 Lamentations . . . . . . . .(Lam.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1110 Ezekiel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Ezek.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1119 Daniel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Dan.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1205 Hosea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Hos.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1230 Joel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Joel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1250 Amos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Amos) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1256 Obadiah . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Obad.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1269 Jonah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Jon.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1272 Micah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Mic.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1275 Nahum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Nah.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1286 Habakkuk . . . . . . . . . . . .(Hab.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1289 Zephaniah . . . . . . . . . . . .(Zeph.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1294 Haggai . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Hag.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1298 Zechariah . . . . . . . . . . . .(Zech.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1301 Malachi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Mal.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1319

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The new Testament


Matthew . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Matt.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Mark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Mark) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .169 Luke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Luke) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .278 John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(John) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .459 Acts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Acts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .602 Romans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Rom.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .770 1 Corinthians . . . . . . . .(1 Cor.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .833 2 Corinthians . . . . . . . .(2 Cor.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .905 Galatians . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Gal.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .955 Ephesians . . . . . . . . . . . .(Eph.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .979 Philippians . . . . . . . . . . . .(Phil.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1003 Colossians . . . . . . . . . . . .(Col.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1021 1 Thessalonians . . .(1 Thess.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1036 2 Thessalonians . . .(2 Thess.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1054 1 Timothy . . . . . . . . . . .(1 Tim.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1064 2 Timothy . . . . . . . . . . .(2 Tim.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1086 Titus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Titus) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1103 Philemon . . . . . . . . . . .(Philem.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1118 Hebrews . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Heb.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1121 James . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(James) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1175 1 Peter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(1 Pet.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1192 2 Peter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(2 Pet.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1212 1 John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(1 John) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1224 2 John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(2 John) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1240 3 John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(3 John) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1243 Jude . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Jude) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1246 Revelation . . . . . . . . . . . . .(Rev.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1249

Table of Abbreviations
the year of our Lord a.k.a. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .also known as a.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .midnight to noon B.C. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .before Christ ca. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .about, approximately cf. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .compare chap., chaps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .chapter, chapters contra. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .contrast
A.D. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .in

e.g. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .for example et al. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and others etc. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and so forth f., ff. . . . . . . . . . .following verse, following verses i.e. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .that is Mt. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Mount p.m. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .noon to midnight v., vv. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .verse, verses

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Welcome to The MacArthur Daily Bible


o matter how much teaching and preaching you listen to, there can be no substitute for reading the Word of God daily yourself. The Bible is Gods precious revelation of Himself to you. Its your point of contact with Him, where you learn the precious truth He has given to the Body of Christ. Its where you discover that history is His story, as you see the chain of events unfolding, always known to God, that led up to the birth, ministry, death, resurrection, and ascension of our Lord Jesus Christ. And its where you learn what the future has in store in that wonderful day when the Lord returns. This MacArthur Daily Bible provides a good way to develop a daily Bible reading habit. For each day of the year, it gives you a portion of the Old Testament, a bit from Psalms and Proverbs, and a portion of the New Testament, from the trusted New King James Version of the Bible. Its all in Bible order: In each days readings, you pick up where you left off the day before. If you stay in this Daily Bible every day for a year, you will have read through the entire Bible! Along with each days Scripture passages there are helpful comments and notes gleaned from the writings of John MacArthur.

1) Bible in one year, once a day: Follow the plan. Read each days readings during your daily Bible reading time, to finish the whole Bible in a year. 2) Bible in one year, twice a day: Like 1) above, but in two sittings. Read the Psalms, Proverbs, and New Testament readings in the morning and the Old Testament reading in the evening. 3) Bible in two years: Read the Psalms, Proverbs, and New Testament readings the first year, then the Old Testament readings the second year.

KEY MEMORY PASSAGES


If you like to focus on specific Bible passages, we have also included a section that spotlights 52 key scriptures, with additional comments from Dr. MacArthur. These passages are also good ones to memorize. Learn them by heart, and at years end, youll have 52 of the Bibles most important passages committed to memory.

OUR PRAYER FOR YOU


May the Lord use your reading of His Word to strengthen and guide you in your faith as you live for Him each day. As you read the Bible daily, may you be blessed with the peace and reassurance that only God can give.

WAYS TO WORK THE PLAN


There are several ways you might like to use the daily readings:

MAY 11

we may give an answer to those who sent us? What do you say about yourself? 23 He said: I am The voice of one crying in the wilderness: Make straight the way of the LORD, as the prophet Isaiah said. 24 Now those who were sent were from the Pharisees. 25And they asked him, saying,

Why then do you baptize if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet? 26 John answered them, saying, I baptize with water, but there stands One among you whom you do not know. 27It is He who, coming after me, is preferred before me, whose sandal strap I am not worthy to loose. 28 These things were done in Bethabara beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing.

DAY 10: Note the powerful words loaded into John 1:1.
In the beginning.In contrast to 1 John 1:1 where John used a similar phrase (from the beginning) to refer to the starting point of Jesus ministry and gospel preaching, this phrase parallels Genesis 1:1 where the same phrase is used. John used the phrase in an absolute sense to refer to the beginning of the time-space-material universe.Was.The verb highlights the eternal preexistence of the Word, i.e., Jesus Christ. Before the universe began, the Second Person of the Trinity always existed; i.e., He always was (see 8:58). This word is used in contrast with the verb was made (or were made) in v. 3, which indicate a beginning in time. Because of Johns theme that Jesus Christ is the eternal God, the Second Person of the Trinity, he did not include a genealogy as Matthew and Luke did. In terms of Jesus humanity, He had a human genealogy; but in terms of His deity, He has no genealogy. The Word.John borrowed the use of the term Wordnot only from the vocabulary of the Old Testament but also from Greek philosophy, in which the term was essentially impersonal, signifying the rational principle of divine reason,mind, or even wisdom. John, however, imbued the term entirely with Old Testament and Christian meaning (e.g., Gen. 1:3 where Gods Word brought the world into being; Pss. 33:6; 107:20; Prov. 8:27 where Gods Word is His powerful self-expression in creation, wisdom, revelation, and salvation) and made it refer to a person, i.e., Jesus Christ. Greek philosophical usage, therefore, is not the exclusive background of Johns thought. Strategically, the term Word serves as a bridge-word to reach not only Jews but also the unsaved Greeks. John chose this concept because both Jews and Greeks were familiar with it. The Word was with God. The Word, as the Second Person of the Trinity, was in intimate fellowship with God the Father throughout all eternity.Yet, although the Word enjoyed the splendors of heaven and eternity with the Father (Is. 6:113; see 12:41; 17:5), He willingly gave up His heavenly status, taking the form of a man, and became subject to the death of the cross (Phil. 2:68).Was God. The Greek construction emphasizes that the Word had all the essence or attributes of Deity, i.e., Jesus the Messiah was fully God (Col. 2:9). Even in His incarnation when He emptied Himself, He did not cease to be God but took on a genuine human nature/body and voluntarily refrained from the independent exercise of the attributes of Deity.

May 11
1 Samuel 24:125:44

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Now it happened, when Saul had returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Take note! David is in the Wilderness of En Gedi. 2Then Saul took three thousand chosen men from all Israel, and went to seek David and his men on the Rocks of the Wild Goats. 3So he came to the sheepfolds by the road, where there was a cave; and Saul went in to attend to his needs. (David and his men were staying in the recesses of the cave.) 4Then the men of David said to him, This is the day of which the LORD
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said to you, Behold, I will deliver your enemy into your hand, that you may do to him as it seems good to you. And David arose and secretly cut off a corner of Sauls robe. 5Now it happened afterward that Davids heart troubled him because he had cut Sauls robe. 6And he

24:4 the day of which the LORD said to you. Davids men perhaps believed that God had providentially placed Saul in the same cave where they were hiding so David could kill the king. However, nothing revelatory had previously been said by the Lord that indicated He wanted David to lift a hand against Saul.

MAY 11

24:5 Davids heart troubled him. David was able to cut off a piece of Sauls robe undetected. However, touching Sauls clothing was tantamount to touching his person, and Davids conscience troubled him on this account. 24:6 LORDs anointed. David recognized that the Lord Himself had placed Saul into the kingship. Thus the judgment and removal of Saul had to be left to the Lord.

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said to his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORDs anointed, to stretch out my hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the LORD. 7So David restrained his servants with these words, and did not allow them to rise against Saul. And Saul got up from the cave and went on his way. 8 David also arose afterward, went out of the cave, and called out to Saul, saying, My lord the king! And when Saul looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed down. 9And David said to Saul: Why do you listen to the words of men who say, Indeed David seeks your harm? 10Look, this day your eyes have seen that the LORD delivered you today into my hand in the cave, and someone urged me to kill you. But my eye spared you, and I said, I will not stretch out my hand against my lord, for he is the LORDs anointed. 11Moreover, my father, see! Yes, see the corner of your robe in my hand! For in that I cut off the corner of your robe, and did not kill you, know and see that there is neither evil nor rebellion in my hand, and I have not sinned against you. Yet you hunt my life to take it. 12Let the LORD judge between you and me, and let the LORD avenge me on you. But my hand shall not be against you. 13As the proverb of the ancients says, Wickedness proceeds from the wicked. But my hand shall not be against you. 14After whom has the king of Israel come out? Whom do you pursue? A dead dog? A flea? 15Therefore let the LORD be judge, and judge between you and me, and see and plead my case, and deliver me out of your hand. 16 So it was, when David had finished speaking these words to Saul, that Saul said, Is this your voice, my son David? And Saul lifted up his voice and wept. 17Then he said to David: You are more righteous than I; for you have rewarded me with good, whereas I have rewarded you with evil. 18And you have shown this day how you have dealt well with me; for when the LORD delivered me into your hand,
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you did not kill me. 19For if a man finds his enemy, will he let him get away safely? Therefore may the LORD reward you with good for what you have done to me this day. 20And now I know indeed that you shall surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in your hand. 21Therefore swear now to me by the LORD that you will not cut off my descendants after me, and that you will not destroy my name from my fathers house. 22 So David swore to Saul. And Saul went home, but David and his men went up to the stronghold. Then Samuel died; and the Israelites gathered together and lamented for him, and buried him at his home in Ramah. And David arose and went down to the Wilderness of Paran. 2 Now there was a man in Maon whose business was in Carmel, and the man was very rich. He had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats. And he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 3The name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife Abigail. And she was a woman of good understanding and beautiful appearance; but the man was harsh and evil in his doings. He was of the house of Caleb. 4 When David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep, 5David sent ten young men; and David said to the young men, Go up to Carmel, go to Nabal, and greet him in my name. 6And thus you shall say to him who lives in prosperity: Peace be to you, peace to your house, and peace to all that you have! 7 Now I have heard that you have shearers. Your shepherds were with us, and we did not hurt them, nor was there anything missing from them all the while they were in Carmel. 8 Ask your young men, and they will tell you. Therefore let my young men find favor in your eyes, for we come on a feast day. Please give whatever comes to your hand to your servants and to your son David. 9 So when Davids young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all these words in the name of David, and waited. 10 Then Nabal answered Davids servants, and said, Who is David, and who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants nowadays who break away each one from his master. 11 Shall I then take my bread and my water and my meat that I have killed for my shearers, and give it to men when I do not know where they are from? 12 So Davids young men turned on their heels and went back; and they came and told him all these words. 13Then David said to his men, Every man gird on his sword. So every

MAY 11

man girded on his sword, and David also girded on his sword. And about four hundred men went with David, and two hundred stayed with the supplies. 14 Now one of the young men told Abigail, Nabals wife, saying, Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master; and he reviled them. 15But the men were very good to us, and we were not hurt, nor did we miss anything as long as we accompanied them, when we were in the fields. 16They were a wall to us both by night and day, all the time we were with them keeping the sheep. 17Now therefore, know and consider what you will do, for harm is determined against our master and against all his household. For he is such a scoundrel that one cannot speak to him. 18 Then Abigail made haste and took two hundred loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five sheep already dressed, five seahs of roasted grain, one hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and loaded them on donkeys. 19And she said to her servants, Go on before me; see, I am coming after you. But she did not tell her husband Nabal. 20 So it was, as she rode on the donkey, that she went down under cover of the hill; and there were David and his men, coming down toward her, and she met them. 21Now David had said, Surely in vain I have protected all that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that belongs to him. And he has repaid me evil for good. 22May God do so, and more also, to the enemies of David, if I leave one male of all who belong to him by morning light. 23 Now when Abigail saw David, she dismounted quickly from the donkey, fell on her face before David, and bowed down to the ground. 24So she fell at his feet and said: On me, my lord, on me let this iniquity be! And please let your maidservant speak in your ears, and hear the words of your maidservant. 25 Please, let not my lord regard this scoundrel Nabal. For as his name is, so is he: Nabal is his name, and folly is with him! But I, your maidservant, did not see the young men of my lord whom you sent. 26Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, since the LORD has held you back from coming to bloodshed and from avenging yourself with your own hand, now then, let your enemies and those who seek harm for my lord be as Nabal. 27And now this present which your maidservant has brought to my lord, let it be given to the young men who follow my lord. 28 Please forgive the trespass of your maidservant. For the LORD will certainly make for my
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lord an enduring house, because my lord fights the battles of the LORD, and evil is not found in you throughout your days. 29Yet a man has risen to pursue you and seek your life, but the life of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of the living with the LORD your God; and the lives of your enemies He shall sling out, as from the pocket of a sling. 30And it shall come to pass, when the LORD has done for my lord according to all the good that He has spoken concerning you, and has appointed you ruler over Israel, 31that this will be no grief to you, nor offense of heart to my lord, either that you have shed blood without cause, or that my lord has avenged himself. But when the LORD has dealt well with my lord, then remember your maidservant. 32 Then David said to Abigail: Blessed is the LORD God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me! 33And blessed is your advice and blessed are you, because you have kept me this day from coming to bloodshed and from avenging myself with my own hand. 34For indeed, as the LORD God of Israel lives, who has kept me back from hurting you, unless you had hurried and come to meet me, surely by morning light no males would have been left to Nabal! 35 So David received from her hand what she had brought him, and said to her, Go up in peace to your house. See, I have heeded your voice and respected your person. 36 Now Abigail went to Nabal, and there he was, holding a feast in his house, like the feast of a king. And Nabals heart was merry within him, for he was very drunk; therefore she told him nothing, little or much, until morning light. 37So it was, in the morning, when the wine had gone from Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became like a stone. 38Then it happened, after about ten days, that the LORD struck Nabal, and he died. 39 So when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, who has pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and has kept His servant from evil! For the LORD has returned the wickedness of Nabal on his own head. And David sent and proposed to Abigail, to take her as his wife. 40When the servants of David had come to Abigail at Carmel, they spoke to her saying, David sent us to you, to ask you to become his wife. 41 Then she arose, bowed her face to the earth, and said, Here is your maidservant, a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord. 42So Abigail rose in haste and rode on a donkey, attended by five of her maidens; and

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she followed the messengers of David, and became his wife. 43David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel, and so both of them were his wives. 44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter, Davids wife, to Palti the son of Laish, who was from Gallim. Psalm 60:15
To the Chief Musician. Set to Lily of the Testimony. A Michtam of David. For teaching. When he fought against Mesopotamia and Syria of Zobah, and Joab returned and killed twelve thousand Edomites in the Valley of Salt.

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God, You have cast us off; You have broken us down; You have been displeased; Oh, restore us again! You have made the earth tremble; You have broken it; Heal its breaches, for it is shaking. You have shown Your people hard things; You have made us drink the wine of confusion. You have given a banner to those who fear You, That it may be displayed because of the truth. Selah That Your beloved may be delivered, Save with Your right hand, and hear me.

descending, and remaining on Him, this is He who baptizes with the Holy Spirit. 34And I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God. 35 Again, the next day, John stood with two of his disciples. 36And looking at Jesus as He walked, he said, Behold the Lamb of God! 37 The two disciples heard him speak, and they followed Jesus. 38Then Jesus turned, and seeing them following, said to them, What do you seek? They said to Him, Rabbi (which is to say, when translated, Teacher), where are You staying? 39 He said to them, Come and see. They came and saw where He was staying, and remained with Him that day (now it was about the tenth hour). 40 One of the two who heard John speak, and followed Him, was Andrew, Simon Peters brother. 41He first found his own brother Simon, and said to him, We have found the Messiah (which is translated, the Christ). 42 And he brought him to Jesus.

Proverbs 16:3
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Commit your works to the LORD, And your thoughts will be established.

16:3 Commit. Literally,roll upon in the sense of both total trust (3:5,6) and submission to the will of God (Pss. 22:8; 37:5; 119:133). He will fulfill your righteous plans.

1:41 Messiah. The term Messiahis a transliteration of a Hebrew or Aramaic verbal adjective that means Anointed One. It comes from a verb that means to anoint someone as an action involved in consecrating that person to a particular office or function. While the term at first applied to the king of Israel (the LORDs anointed, 1 Sam. 16:6), the high priest (the anointed priest, Lev. 4:3) and, in one passage, the patriarchs (My anointed ones, Ps. 105:15), the term eventually came to point above all to the prophesied Coming One or Messiah in His role as prophet, priest, and king. The term Christ, a Greek word (verbal adjective) that comes from a verb meaning to anoint, is used in translating the Hebrew term, so that the terms Messiah or Christ are titles and not personal names of Jesus.

John 1:2951
29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! 30This is He of whom I said, After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me. 31I did not know Him; but that He should be revealed to Israel, therefore I came baptizing with water. 32 And John bore witness, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He remained upon Him. 33I did not know Him, but He who sent me to baptize with water said to me, Upon whom you see the Spirit

Now when Jesus looked at him, He said, You are Simon the son of Jonah. You shall be called Cephas (which is translated, A Stone). 43 The following day Jesus wanted to go to Galilee, and He found Philip and said to him, Follow Me. 44Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. 45Philip found Nathanael and said to him, We have found Him of whom Moses in the law, and also the prophets, wroteJesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph. 46 And Nathanael said to him, Can anything good come out of Nazareth?
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Philip said to him, Come and see. 47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward Him, and said of him, Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom is no deceit! 48 Nathanael said to Him, How do You know me? Jesus answered and said to him, Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you. 49 Nathanael answered and said to Him,

Rabbi, You are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel! 50 Jesus answered and said to him, Because I said to you, I saw you under the fig tree, do you believe? You will see greater things than these. 51And He said to him, Most assuredly, I say to you, hereafter you shall see heaven open, and the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of Man.

DAY 11: How did John the Baptist characterize Jesus Christ?
John the Baptists witness to Jesus in John 1 introduces a lengthy list of titles applied to Jesus: Lamb of God (vv. 29,36), Rabbi (vv. 38,49), Messiah/Christ (v. 41), Son of God (vv. 34,49), King of Israel (v. 49), Son of Man (v. 51), and Him of whom Moses in the law, and also the prophets, wrote (v. 45). In John 1:29, John the Baptist refers to Jesus as The Lamb of God.The use of a lamb for sacrifice was very familiar to Jews. A lamb was used as a sacrifice during Passover (Ex. 12:136); a lamb was led to the slaughter in the prophecies of Isaiah (Is. 53:7); a lamb was offered in the daily sacrifices of Israel (Lev. 14:1221; Heb. 10:57). John the Baptist used this expression as a reference to the ultimate sacrifice of Jesus on the cross to atone for the sins of the world, a theme which John the apostle carries throughout his writings (19:36; see Rev. 5:16; 7:17; 17:14) and that appears in other New Testament writings (e.g., 1 Pet. 1:19). Who takes away the sin of the world. In this context world has the connotation of humanity in general, not specifically every person. The use of the singular sin in conjunction with of the worldindicates that Jesus sacrifice for sin potentially reaches all human beings without distinction (1 John 2:2). John makes clear, however, that its efficacious effect is only for those who receive Christ (vv. 11,12). John adds that I saw the Spirit descendingupon Him (v. 32). God had previously communicated to John that this sign was to indicate the promised Messiah (v. 33), so when John witnessed this act, he was able to identify the Messiah as Jesus (Matt. 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22).I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God (v. 34). Although, in a limited sense, believers can be called sons of God(v. 12; Matt. 5:9; Rom. 8:14), John uses this phrase with the full force as a title that points to the unique oneness and intimacy that Jesus sustains to the Father as Son.The term carries the idea of the deity of Jesus as Messiah (v. 49; 5:1630; 2 Sam. 7:14; Ps. 2:7; Heb. 1:19).

May 12
1 Samuel 26:127:12

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Now the Ziphites came to Saul at Gibeah, saying, Is David not hiding in the hill of Hachilah, opposite Jeshimon? 2Then Saul arose and went down to the Wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the Wilderness of Ziph. 3And Saul encamped in the hill of Hachilah, which is opposite Jeshimon, by the road. But David stayed in the wilderness, and he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness. 4David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul had indeed come. 5 So David arose and came to the place where Saul had encamped. And David saw the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the commander of his army. Now Saul lay within the camp, with the people encamped all
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around him. 6Then David answered, and said to Ahimelech the Hittite and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother of Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul in the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with you. 7 So David and Abishai came to the people by night; and there Saul lay sleeping within the camp, with his spear stuck in the ground by his head. And Abner and the people lay all around him. 8Then Abishai said to David, God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day. Now therefore, please, let me strike him at once with the spear, right to the earth; and I will not have to strike him a second time! 9 But David said to Abishai, Do not destroy him; for who can stretch out his hand against the LORDs anointed, and be guiltless? 10David said furthermore, As the LORD lives, the LORD shall strike him, or his day shall come to die, or he shall go out to battle and perish. 11The LORD forbid that I should stretch out my hand against the LORDs anointed. But please, take

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now the spear and the jug of water that are by his head, and let us go. 12So David took the spear and the jug of water by Sauls head, and they got away; and no man saw or knew it or awoke. For they were all asleep, because a deep sleep from the LORD had fallen on them. 13 Now David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of a hill afar off, a great distance being between them. 14And David called out to the people and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, Do you not answer, Abner? Then Abner answered and said, Who are you, calling out to the king? 15 So David said to Abner, Are you not a man? And who is like you in Israel? Why then have you not guarded your lord the king? For one of the people came in to destroy your lord the king. 16This thing that you have done is not good. As the LORD lives, you deserve to die, because you have not guarded your master, the LORDs anointed. And now see where the kings spear is, and the jug of water that was by his head. 17 Then Saul knew Davids voice, and said, Is that your voice, my son David? David said, It is my voice, my lord, O king. 18 And he said, Why does my lord thus pursue his servant? For what have I done, or what evil is in my hand? 19Now therefore, please, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant: If the LORD has stirred you up against me, let Him accept an offering. But if it is the children of men, may they be cursed before the LORD, for they have driven me out this day from sharing in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods. 20So now, do not let my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD. For the king of Israel has come out to seek a flea, as when one hunts a partridge in the mountains. 21 Then Saul said, I have sinned. Return, my son David. For I will harm you no more, because my life was precious in your eyes this day. Indeed I have played the fool and erred exceedingly.

And David answered and said, Here is the kings spear. Let one of the young men come over and get it. 23May the LORD repay every man for his righteousness and his faithfulness; for the LORD delivered you into my hand today, but I would not stretch out my hand against the LORDs anointed. 24And indeed, as your life was valued much this day in my eyes, so let my life be valued much in the eyes of the LORD, and let Him deliver me out of all tribulation. 25 Then Saul said to David, May you be blessed, my son David! You shall both do great things and also still prevail. So David went on his way, and Saul returned to his place. And David said in his heart, Now I shall perish someday by the hand of Saul. There is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape to the land of the Philistines; and Saul will despair of me, to seek me anymore in any part of Israel. So I shall escape out of his hand. 2Then David arose and went over with the six hundred men who were with him to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath. 3So David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, each man with his household, and David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabals widow. 4And it was told Saul that David had fled to Gath; so he sought him no more.
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27:1 by the hand of Saul. In direct contrast to Sauls word that David would prevail (26:25), David thought that Saul would ultimately kill him. This anxious thinking and the fear that fell upon him explain Davids actions in this chapter. God had told him to stay in Judah (22:5), but he was afraid and sought protection again among the Philistine enemies of Israel (21:1015).

26:21 I have sinned. As in 24:17, Saul confessed his sin and wrongdoing. Although Saul may have been sincere, he could not be trusted and David wisely did not accept his invitation to return with him. I have played the fool. Saul had been foolish in his actions toward David, as had Nabal.

5 Then David said to Achish, If I have now found favor in your eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there. For why should your servant dwell in the royal city with you? 6So Achish gave him Ziklag that day. Therefore Ziklag has belonged to the kings of Judah to this day. 7Now the time that David dwelt in the countr y of the Philistines was one full year and four months. 8 And David and his men went up and raided the Geshurites, the Girzites, and the Amalekites. For those nations were the inhabitants of the land from of old, as you go to Shur, even as far as the land of Egypt. 9Whenever David attacked

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the land, he left neither man nor woman alive, but took away the sheep, the oxen, the donkeys, the camels, and the apparel, and returned and came to Achish. 10Then Achish would say, Where have you made a raid today? And David would say, Against the southern area of Judah, or against the southern area of the Jerahmeelites, or against the southern area of the Kenites. 11David would save neither man nor woman alive, to bring news to Gath, saying, Lest they should inform on us, saying, Thus David did. And thus was his behavior all the time he dwelt in the country of the Philistines. 12So Achish believed David, saying, He has made his people Israel utterly abhor him; therefore he will be my servant forever. Psalm 60:612
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God has spoken in His holiness: I will rejoice; I will divide Shechem And measure out the Valley of Succoth. Gilead is Mine, and Manasseh is Mine; Ephraim also is the helmet for My head; Judah is My lawgiver. Moab is My washpot; Over Edom I will cast My shoe; Philistia, shout in triumph because of Me. Who will bring me to the strong city? Who will lead me to Edom? Is it not You, O God, who cast us off? And You, O God, who did not go out with our armies? Give us help from trouble, For the help of man is useless. Through God we will do valiantly, For it is He who shall tread down our enemies.
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2:2,3 both Jesus and His disciples were invited. The fact that Jesus, His mother, and His disciples all attended the wedding suggests that the wedding may have been for a relative or close family friend. Andrew, Simon Peter, Philip, Nathanael, and the unnamed disciple (1:35), who was surely John, witnessed this miracle. wine. The wine served was subject to fermentation. In the ancient world, however, to quench thirst without inducing drunkenness, wine was diluted with water to between one-third and one-tenth of its strength. Due to the climate and circumstances, even new wine fermented quickly and had an inebriating effect if not mixed (Acts 2:13). Because of a lack of water purification process, wine mixed with water was also safer to drink than water alone.While the Bible condemns drunkenness, it does not necessarily condemn the consumption of wine (Ps. 104:15; Prov. 20:1; Eph. 5:18).
5 His mother said to the servants, Whatever He says to you, do it. 6 Now there were set there six waterpots of stone, according to the manner of purification of the Jews, containing twenty or thirty gallons apiece. 7Jesus said to them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. 8And He said to them, Draw some out now, and take it to the master of the feast. And they took it. 9When the master of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and did not know where it came from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom. 10 And he said to him, Every man at the beginning sets out the good wine, and when the guests have well drunk, then the inferior. You have kept the good wine until now! 11 This beginning of signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and manifested His glory; and His disciples believed in Him. 12 After this He went down to Capernaum, He, His mother, His brothers, and His disciples; and they did not stay there many days. 13 Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the money changers doing business. 15When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers money and overturned the tables. 16 And He said to those who sold doves, Take these things away! Do not make My Fathers

10

11

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Proverbs 16:45 The LORD has made all for Himself, Yes, even the wicked for the day of doom. Everyone proud in heart is an abomination to the LORD; Though they join forces, none will go unpunished.

John 2:125

On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2Now both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding. 3And when they ran out of wine, the mother of Jesus said to Him, They have no wine. 4 Jesus said to her, Woman, what does your concern have to do with Me? My hour has not yet come.
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house a house of merchandise! 17Then His disciples remembered that it was written, Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up. 18 So the Jews answered and said to Him, What sign do You show to us, since You do these things? 19 Jesus answered and said to them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. 20 Then the Jews said, It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days? 21 But He was speaking of the temple of His body. 22Therefore, when He had risen from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had said. 23 Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did. 24But Jesus did not commit Himself to them, because He knew all men, 25and had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man.

2:23,24 many believed in His name. But Jesus did not commit Himself. John based these two phrases on the same Greek verb for believe. This verse subtly reveals the true nature of belief from a biblical standpoint. Because of what they knew of Jesus from His miraculous signs, many came to believe in Him. However, Jesus made it His habit not to wholeheartedly entrust or commit Himself to them because He knew their hearts.Verse 24 indicates that Jesus looked for genuine conversion rather than enthusiasm for the spectacular.The latter verse also leaves a subtle doubt as to the genuineness of the conversion of some (8:31,32). This emphatic contrast between vv. 23,24 in terms of type of trust, therefore, reveals that, literally, belief into His name involved much more than intellectual assent. It called for wholehearted commitment of ones life as Jesus disciple (Matt. 10:37; 16:2426).

DAY 12: What did Jesus mean by His comments about the temple in John 2?
In John 2:18, the Jews demanded that Jesus show some type of miraculous sign that would indicate His authority for the actions that He had just taken in regulating the activities of the temple. Their demand of a sign reveals that they had not grasped the significance of Jesus rebuke that centered in their need for proper attitudes and holiness in worship. Such an action itself constituted a sign of Jesus person and authority. Moreover, they were requesting from Jesus a crass display of miracles on demand, further displaying their unbelief. Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up (v. 19). At His trial, the authorities charged Jesus (Mark 14:29,58) with making a threatening statement against the temple, revealing that they did not understand Jesus response here. Once again Johns Gospel supplements the other Gospels at this point by indicating that Jesus enigmatically referred to His resurrection. As with His usage of parables, Jesus cryptic statement most likely was designed to reveal the truth to His disciples but conceal its meaning from unbelievers who questioned Him (Matt. 13:10,11). Only after His resurrection, however, did the disciples understand the real significance of this statement (v. 22; Matt. 12:40). Importantly, through the death and resurrection of Christ, temple worship in Jerusalem was destroyed (see 4:21) and reinstituted in the hearts of those who were built into a spiritual temple called the church (Eph. 2:1922). It has taken forty-six years to build this temple(v. 20).This was not a reference to the Solomonic temple, since it had been destroyed during the Babylonian conquest in 586 B.C. When the captives returned from Babylon, Zerubbabel and Joshua began rebuilding the temple (Ezra 14). Encouraged by the prophets Haggai and Zechariah (Ezra 5:16:18), the Jews completed the work in 516 B.C. In 20/19 B.C., Herod the Great began a reconstruction and expansion. Workers completed the main part of the project in 10 years, but other parts were still being constructed even at the time Jesus cleansed the temple.The famous Wailing Wall is built on part of the Herodian temple foundation.

May 13
1 Samuel 28:125 Now it happened in those days that the Philistines gathered their armies together for war, to fight with Israel. And

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Achish said to David, You assuredly know that you will go out with me to battle, you and your men. 2 So David said to Achish, Surely you know what your servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore I will make you one of my chief guardians forever. 3 Now Samuel had died, and all Israel had
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28:3 mediums and the spiritists. By divine law, they were banned from Israel (Deut. 18:11), and Israel was not to be defiled by them (Lev. 19:31). Turning to them was tantamount to playing the harlot and would result in God setting His face against the person and cutting him off from among His people (Lev. 20:6). Mediums and spiritists were to be put to death by stoning (Lev. 20:27). Even Saul understood this and had previously dealt with the issue (v. 9).

28:12 the woman saw Samuel. Though questions have arisen as to the nature of Samuels appearance, the text clearly indicates that Samuel, not an apparition, was evident to the eyes of the medium. God miraculously permitted the actual spirit of Samuel to speak (vv. 1619). Because she understood her inability to raise the dead in this manner, she immediately knew 1) that it must have been by the power of God and 2) that her disguised inquirer must be Saul.

lamented for him and buried him in Ramah, in his own city. And Saul had put the mediums and the spiritists out of the land. 4 Then the Philistines gathered together, and came and encamped at Shunem. So Saul gathered all Israel together, and they encamped at Gilboa. 5When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart trembled greatly. 6And when Saul inquired of the LORD, the LORD did not answer him, either by dreams or by Urim or by the prophets. 7 Then Saul said to his servants, Find me a woman who is a medium, that I may go to her and inquire of her. And his servants said to him, In fact, there is a woman who is a medium at En Dor. 8 So Saul disguised himself and put on other clothes, and he went, and two men with him; and they came to the woman by night. And he said, Please conduct a sance for me, and bring up for me the one I shall name to you. 9 Then the woman said to him, Look, you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off the mediums and the spiritists from the land. Why then do you lay a snare for my life, to cause me to die? 10 And Saul swore to her by the LORD, saying, As the LORD lives, no punishment shall come upon you for this thing. 11 Then the woman said, Whom shall I bring up for you? And he said, Bring up Samuel for me. 12 When the woman saw Samuel, she cried out with a loud voice. And the woman spoke to Saul, saying, Why have you deceived me? For you are Saul! 13 And the king said to her, Do not be afraid. What did you see? And the woman said to Saul, I saw a spirit ascending out of the earth. 14 So he said to her, What is his form? And she said, An old man is coming up,
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and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground and bowed down. 15 Now Samuel said to Saul, Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up? And Saul answered, I am deeply distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God has departed from me and does not answer me anymore, neither by prophets nor by dreams. Therefore I have called you, that you may reveal to me what I should do. 16 Then Samuel said: So why do you ask me, seeing the LORD has departed from you and has become your enemy? 17And the LORD has done for Himself as He spoke by me. For the LORD has torn the kingdom out of your hand and given it to your neighbor, David. 18Because you did not obey the voice of the LORD nor execute His fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore the LORD has done this thing to you this day. 19Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with you into the hand of the Philistines. And tomorrow you and your sons will be with me. The LORD will also deliver the army of Israel into the hand of the Philistines. 20 Immediately Saul fell full length on the ground, and was dreadfully afraid because of the words of Samuel. And there was no strength in him, for he had eaten no food all day or all night. 21 And the woman came to Saul and saw that he was severely troubled, and said to him, Look, your maidservant has obeyed your voice, and I have put my life in my hands and heeded the words which you spoke to me. 22 Now therefore, please, heed also the voice of your maidservant, and let me set a piece of bread before you; and eat, that you may have strength when you go on your way. 23 But he refused and said, I will not eat. So his servants, together with the woman, urged him; and he heeded their voice. Then

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he arose from the ground and sat on the bed. 24 Now the woman had a fatted calf in the house, and she hastened to kill it. And she took flour and kneaded it, and baked unleavened bread from it. 25So she brought it before Saul and his servants, and they ate. Then they rose and went away that night. Psalm 61:14
To the Chief Musician. On a stringed instrument. A Psalm of David.

H
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ear my cry, O God; Attend to my prayer. From the end of the earth I will cry to You, When my heart is overwhelmed; Lead me to the rock that is higher than I. For You have been a shelter for me, A strong tower from the enemy. I will abide in Your tabernacle forever; I will trust in the shelter of Your wings. Selah

the teacher of Israel, and do not know these things? 11Most assuredly, I say to you, We speak what We know and testify what We have seen, and you do not receive Our witness. 12If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13No one has ascended to heaven but He who came down from heaven, that is, the Son of Man who is in heaven. 14And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 15 that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life. 16For God so loved the

Proverbs 16:6
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In mercy and truth Atonement is provided for iniquity; And by the fear of the LORD one departs from evil.

John 3:118

There was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2This man came to Jesus by night and said to Him, Rabbi, we know that You are a teacher come from God; for no one can do these signs that You do unless God is with him. 3 Jesus answered and said to him, Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. 4 Nicodemus said to Him, How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mothers womb and be born? 5 Jesus answered, Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 6That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7Do not marvel that I said to you, You must be born again. 8 The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but cannot tell where it comes from and where it goes. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit. 9 Nicodemus answered and said to Him, How can these things be? 10 Jesus answered and said to him, Are you
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3:15 eternal life. This is the first of 10 references to eternal life in Johns Gospel. The same Greek word is translated 8 times as everlasting life. The two expressions appear in the New Testament nearly 50 times. Eternal life refers not only to eternal quantity but divine quality of life. It means literally life of the age to come and refers therefore to resurrection and heavenly existence in perfect glory and holiness.This life for believers in the Lord Jesus is experienced before heaven is reached. This eternal life is in essence nothing less than participation in the eternal life of the Living Word, Jesus Christ. It is the life of God in every believer, yet not fully manifest until the resurrection (Rom. 8:1923; Phil. 3:20,21).

world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. 17For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved. 18 He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

3:16 For God so loved the world. The Sons mission is bound up in the supreme love of God for the evil, sinful world of humanity (see 6:32,51;12:47) that is in rebellion against Him.The word soemphasizes the intensity or greatness of His love. The Father gave His unique and beloved Son to die on behalf of sinful men (2 Cor. 5:21).

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DAY 13: What does it mean to be born again?


In John 3:3, Jesus answered a question that Nicodemus does not even ask. He read Nicodemuss heart and came to the very core of his problem, i.e., the need for spiritual transformation or regeneration produced by the Holy Spirit. He tells Nicodemus that he must be born again. The phrase literally means born from above. New birth is an act of God whereby eternal life is imparted to the believer (2 Cor. 5:17; Titus 3:5; 1 Pet. 1:3; 1 John 2:29; 3:9; 4:7; 5:1,4,18). Chapter 1:12,13 indicates that born again also carries the idea to become children of God through trust in the name of the incarnate Word. Unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.In context, this is primarily a reference to participation in the millennial kingdom at the end of the age, fervently anticipated by the Pharisees and other Jews. Since the Pharisees were supernaturalists, they naturally and eagerly expected the coming of the prophesied resurrection of the saints and institution of the messianic kingdom (Is. 11:116; Dan. 12:2). Their problem was that they thought that mere physical lineage and keeping of religious externals qualified them for entrance into the kingdom rather than the needed spiritual transformation which Jesus emphasized (see 8:3339; Gal. 6:15).The coming of the kingdom at the end of the age can be described as the regenerationof the world (Matt. 19:28), but regeneration of the individual is required before the end of the world in order to enter the kingdom. Restating it, Jesus said that one must be born of water and the Spirit (v. 5). Jesus referred not to literal water here but to the need for cleansing (Ezek. 36:2427). When water is used figuratively in the Old Testament, it consistently refers to renewal or spiritual cleansing, especially when used in conjunction with spirit (Num. 19:1719; Ps. 51:9,10; Is. 32:15; 44:35; 55:13; Jer. 2:13; Joel 2:28,29). Thus, Jesus made reference to the spiritual washing or purification of the soul, accomplished by the Holy Spirit through the Word of God at the moment of salvation (Eph. 5:26; Titus 3:5), required for belonging to His kingdom.

May 14
1 Samuel 29:131:13

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Then the Philistines gathered together all their armies at Aphek, and the Israelites encamped by a fountain which is in Jezreel. 2And the lords of the Philistines passed in review by hundreds and by thousands, but David and his men passed in review at the rear with Achish. 3Then the princes of the Philistines said, What are these Hebrews doing here? And Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, Is this not David, the servant of Saul king of Israel, who has been with me these days, or these years? And to this day I have found no fault in him since he defected to me. 4 But the princes of the Philistines were angry with him; so the princes of the Philistines said to him, Make this fellow return, that he may go back to the place which you have appointed for him, and do not let him go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he become our adversary. For with what could he reconcile himself to his master, if not with the heads of these men? 5Is this not David, of whom they sang to one another in dances, saying: Saul has slain his thousands, And David his ten thousands?
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Then Achish called David and said to him,


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Surely, as the LORD lives, you have been upright, and your going out and your coming in with me in the army is good in my sight. For to this day I have not found evil in you since the day of your coming to me. Nevertheless the lords do not favor you. 7Therefore return now, and go in peace, that you may not displease the lords of the Philistines. 8 So David said to Achish, But what have I done? And to this day what have you found in your servant as long as I have been with you, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king? 9 Then Achish answered and said to David, I know that you are as good in my sight as an angel of God; nevertheless the princes of the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the battle. 10Now therefore, rise early in the morning with your masters servants who have come with you. And as soon as you are up early in the morning and have light, depart. 11 So David and his men rose early to depart in the morning, to return to the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel. Now it happened, when David and his men came to Ziklag, on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the South and Ziklag, attacked Ziklag and burned it with fire, 2 and had taken captive the women and those who were there, from small to great; they did not kill anyone, but carried them away and went their way. 3So David and his men came to

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the city, and there it was, burned with fire; and their wives, their sons, and their daughters had been taken captive. 4Then David and the people who were with him lifted up their voices and wept, until they had no more power to weep. 5 And Davids two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite, had been taken captive. 6Now David was greatly distressed, for the people spoke of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and his daughters. But David strengthened himself in the LORD his God.

30:6 distressedgrieved. Arriving home to the reality of their great tragedy caused David immense distress and provoked the wickedness of his men to entertain the treasonous idea of stoning him. Having not inquired of the Lord before his departure to support Achish in battle, David was in need of Gods getting his attention. strengthened himself in the LORD his God. This was the key to Davids being a man after Gods heart (1 Sam. 13:14; Acts 13:22).
7 Then David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelechs son, Please bring the ephod here to me. And Abiathar brought the ephod to David. 8So David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue this troop? Shall I overtake them? And He answered him, Pursue, for you shall surely overtake them and without fail recover all. 9 So David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him, and came to the Brook Besor, where those stayed who were left behind. 10But David pursued, he and four hundred men; for two hundred stayed behind, who were so weary that they could not cross the Brook Besor. 11 Then they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David; and they gave him bread and he ate, and they let him drink water. 12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs and two clusters of raisins. So when he had eaten, his strength came back to him; for he had eaten no bread nor drunk water for three days and three nights. 13Then David said to him, To whom do you belong, and where are you from? And he said, I am a young man from Egypt, servant of an Amalekite; and my master left me behind, because three days ago I fell sick.

We made an invasion of the southern area of the Cherethites, in the territory which belongs to Judah, and of the southern area of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire. 15 And David said to him, Can you take me down to this troop? So he said, Swear to me by God that you will neither kill me nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will take you down to this troop. 16 And when he had brought him down, there they were, spread out over all the land, eating and drinking and dancing, because of all the great spoil which they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah. 17 Then David attacked them from twilight until the evening of the next day. Not a man of them escaped, except four hundred young men who rode on camels and fled. 18So David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away, and David rescued his two wives. 19And nothing of theirs was lacking, either small or great, sons or daughters, spoil or anything which they had taken from them; David recovered all. 20 Then David took all the flocks and herds they had driven before those other livestock, and said, This is Davids spoil.
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30:19 nothingwas lacking. In spite of Davids previous failures, God showed Himself to be more than gracious and abundant in His stewardship of the wives, children, livestock, and possessions of David and his men.

21 Now David came to the two hundred men who had been so weary that they could not follow David, whom they also had made to stay at the Brook Besor. So they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him. And when David came near the people, he greeted them. 22Then all the wicked and worthless men of those who went with David answered and said, Because they did not go with us, we will not give them any of the spoil that we have recovered, except for every mans wife and children, that they may lead them away and depart. 23 But David said, My brethren, you shall not do so with what the LORD has given us, who has preserved us and delivered into our hand the troop that came against us. 24For who will heed you in this matter? But as his part is who goes down to the battle, so shall his part be who stays by the supplies; they shall share

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31

alike. 25So it was, from that day forward; he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day. 26 Now when David came to Ziklag, he sent some of the spoil to the elders of Judah, to his friends, saying, Here is a present for you from the spoil of the enemies of the LORD 27 to those who were in Bethel, those who were in Ramoth of the South, those who were in Jattir, 28 those who were in Aroer, those who were in Siphmoth, those who were in Eshtemoa, 29those who were in Rachal, those who were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, those who were in the cities of the Kenites, 30those who were in Hormah, those who were in Chorashan, those who were in Athach, 31those who were in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were accustomed to rove. Now the Philistines fought against Israel; and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell slain on Mount Gilboa. 2Then the Philistines followed hard after Saul and his sons. And the Philistines killed Jonathan, Abinadab, and Malchishua, Sauls sons. 3The battle became fierce against Saul. The archers hit him, and he was severely wounded by the archers. 4 Then Saul said to his armorbearer, Draw your sword, and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised men come and thrust me through and abuse me. But his armorbearer would not, for he was greatly afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword and fell on it. 5And when his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead, he also fell on his sword,

and died with him. 6So Saul, his three sons, his armorbearer, and all his men died together that same day. 7 And when the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley, and those who were on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel had fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them. 8So it happened the next day, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen on Mount Gilboa. 9And they cut off his head and stripped off his armor, and sent word throughout the land of the Philistines, to proclaim it in the temple of their idols and among the people. 10 Then they put his armor in the temple of the Ashtoreths, and they fastened his body to the wall of Beth Shan. 11 Now when the inhabitants of Jabesh Gilead heard what the Philistines had done to Saul, 12all the valiant men arose and traveled all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Beth Shan; and they came to Jabesh and burned them there. 13Then they took their bones and buried them under the tamarisk tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days. Psalm 61:58
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For You, O God, have heard my vows; You have given me the heritage of those who fear Your name. You will prolong the kings life, His years as many generations. He shall abide before God forever. Oh, prepare mercy and truth, which may preserve him! So I will sing praise to Your name forever, That I may daily perform my vows.

31:4 uncircumcised men. A common term of derision used among Israelites to designate non-Israelites. Circumcision was given as the sign of the Abrahamic Covenant in Genesis 17:1014. abuse. Having engaged in several battles against the Philistines, Saul had succeeded in provoking their hatred and resentment. As the king, Saul would certainly have received especially cruel treatment from the hands of his enemies, who would have likely made sport of him and tortured him before his death. Saul took a sword and fell on it. Though Sauls suicide is considered by some to be an act of heroism, Saul should have found his strength and courage in God as David did in 23:16 and 30:6 to fight to the end or to surrender. Sauls suicide is the ultimate expression of his faithlessness toward God at this moment in his life.

61:7 forever. The Davidic Covenant guaranteed that on the basis of Gods merciful and faithful dealings with David and the nation, Davids descendants would rule on the throne of Israel forever (2 Sam. 7; Pss. 40:11; 89:4,3337).

Proverbs 16:79
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When a mans ways please the LORD, He makes even his enemies to be at peace with him.

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16:9 Sovereign God overrules the plans of men to fulfill His purposes. (See Gen. 50:20; 1 Kin. 12:15; Ps. 119:133; Jer. 10:23; Dan. 5:2330; 1 Cor. 3:19,20.)

Better is a little with righteousness, Than vast revenues without justice. A mans heart plans his way, But the LORD directs his steps.

John 3:1936 And this is the condemnation, that the light has come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. 20For everyone practicing evil hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his deeds should be exposed. 21But he who does the truth comes to the light, that his deeds may be clearly seen, that they have been done in God. 22 After these things Jesus and His disciples came into the land of Judea, and there He remained with them and baptized. 23Now John also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was much water there. And they came and were baptized. 24For
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John had not yet been thrown into prison. 25 Then there arose a dispute between some of Johns disciples and the Jews about purification. 26And they came to John and said to him, Rabbi, He who was with you beyond the Jordan, to whom you have testifiedbehold, He is baptizing, and all are coming to Him! 27 John answered and said, A man can receive nothing unless it has been given to him from heaven. 28You yourselves bear me witness, that I said, I am not the Christ, but, I have been sent before Him. 29He who has the bride is the bridegroom; but the friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly because of the bridegrooms voice. Therefore this joy of mine is fulfilled. 30He must increase, but I must decrease. 31He who comes from above is above all; he who is of the earth is earthly and speaks of the earth. He who comes from heaven is above all. 32And what He has seen and heard, that He testifies; and no one receives His testimony. 33He who has received His testimony has certified that God is true. 34For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God does not give the Spirit by measure. 35The Father loves the Son, and has given all things into His hand. 36He who believes in the Son has everlasting life; and he who does not believe the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.

DAY 14: How did John the Baptist respond to the growing ministry of Christ?
The potential conflict between John and Jesus as depicted in John 3:26 was heightened by the fact that both were engaged in ministry in close proximity to each other. Because baptism is mentioned in v. 22, Jesus may have been close to Jericho near the fords of the Jordan, while John was a short distance north baptizing at Aenon. Johns followers were especially disturbed by the fact that so many were flocking to Jesus whereas formerly they had come to John. Johns response was to emphasize Gods sovereign authority in granting any ministry opportunity (v. 27). It must be given to him from heaven. And he conveyed his understanding of his own role through the use of a parable (v. 29). The friend of the bridegroom was the ancient equivalent of the best man who organized the details and presided over the Judean wedding. This friend found his greatest joy in watching the ceremony proceed without problems. Most likely, John was also alluding to Old Testament passages where faithful Israel is depicted as the bride of the Lord (Is. 62:4,5; Jer. 2:2; Hos. 2:1620). In vv. 3136, John the Baptist gave 5 reasons for Christs superiority to him: 1) Christ had a heavenly origin (v. 31); 2) Christ knew what was true by firsthand experience (v. 32); 3) Christs testimony always agreed with God (v. 33); 4) Christ experienced the Holy Spirit in an unlimited manner (v. 34); and 5) Christ was supreme because the Father sovereignly had granted that status to Him (v. 35). In a fitting climax to the chapter (v. 36), John the Baptist laid out two alternatives, genuine faith and defiant disobedience, thereby bringing to the forefront the threat of looming judgment. As John faded from the forefront, he offered an invitation to faith in the Son and clearly expressed the ultimate consequence of failure to believe, i.e.,the wrath of God.

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May 15
2 Samuel 1:12:32

Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had stayed two days in Ziklag, 2on the third day, behold, it happened that a man came from Sauls camp with his clothes torn and dust on his head. So it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the ground and prostrated himself. 3 And David said to him, Where have you come from? So he said to him, I have escaped from the camp of Israel. 4 Then David said to him, How did the matter go? Please tell me. And he answered, The people have fled from the battle, many of the people are fallen and dead, and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also. 5 So David said to the young man who told him, How do you know that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead? 6 Then the young man who told him said, As I happened by chance to be on Mount Gilboa, there was Saul, leaning on his spear; and indeed the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him. 7Now when he looked behind him, he saw me and called to me. And I answered, Here I am. 8And he said to me, Who are you? So I answered him, I am an Amalekite. 9He said to me again, Please stand over me and kill me, for anguish has come upon me, but my life still remains in me. 10So I stood over him and killed him, because I was sure that he could not live after he had fallen. And I took the crown that was on his head and

the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them here to my lord. 11 Therefore David took hold of his own clothes and tore them, and so did all the men who were with him. 12And they mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and for Jonathan his son, for the people of the LORD and for the house of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword. 13 Then David said to the young man who told him, Where are you from? And he answered, I am the son of an alien, an Amalekite. 14 So David said to him, How was it you were not afraid to put forth your hand to destroy the LORDs anointed? 15Then David called one of the young men and said, Go near, and execute him! And he struck him so that he died. 16So David said to him, Your blood is on your own head, for your own mouth has testified against you, saying, I have killed the LORDs anointed. 17 Then David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son, 18and he told them to teach the children of Judah the Song of the Bow; indeed it is written in the Book of Jasher:
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The beauty of Israel is slain on your high places! How the mighty have fallen! Tell it not in Gath, Proclaim it not in the streets of Ashkelon Lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, Lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph. O mountains of Gilboa, Let there be no dew nor rain upon you, Nor fields of offerings. For the shield of the mighty is cast away there! The shield of Saul, not anointed with oil. From the blood of the slain, From the fat of the mighty, The bow of Jonathan did not turn back, And the sword of Saul did not return empty. Saul and Jonathan were beloved and pleasant in their lives, And in their death they were not divided; They were swifter than eagles, They were stronger than lions. O daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, Who clothed you in scarlet, with luxury;

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1:19 The beauty of Israel. Literally, the gazelle or antelope of Israel, the chosen symbol of youthful elegance and symmetry, most likely referring to Jonathan. Thus, the song began and ended with Sauls noble son (vv. 25,26). high places. These were open-air worship sites generally established at high elevations. In this case, the high place was Mt. Gilboa, where Saul had died. How the mighty have fallen! They were not only Israels slain beauty, but Saul and Jonathan were mighty men who had fallen in battle. This phrase is repeated as a refrain in vv. 25 and 27.

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Who put ornaments of gold on your apparel.


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How the mighty have fallen in the midst of the battle! Jonathan was slain in your high places. I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan; You have been very pleasant to me; Your love to me was wonderful, Surpassing the love of women. How the mighty have fallen, And the weapons of war perished!

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It happened after this that David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said to him, Go up. David said, Where shall I go up? And He said, To Hebron. 2 So David went up there, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite. 3And David brought up the men who were with him, every man with his household. So they dwelt in the cities of Hebron. 4 Then the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, The men of Jabesh Gilead were the ones who buried Saul. 5 So David sent messengers to the men of Jabesh Gilead, and said to them, You are blessed of the LORD, for you have shown this kindness to your lord, to Saul, and have buried him. 6And now may the LORD show kindness and truth to you. I also will repay you this kindness, because you have done this thing. 7 Now therefore, let your hands be strengthened, and be valiant; for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah has anointed me king over them. 8 But Abner the son of Ner, commander of Sauls army, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul and brought him over to Mahanaim; 9and he made him king over Gilead, over the Ashurites,

2:4 anointed David king. David had already been privately anointed king by Samuel (1 Sam. 16:3). This anointing recognized his rule in the southern area of Judah. Later he would be anointed as king over all Israel (2 Sam. 5:3). men of Jabesh Gilead. Jabesh, a city of Israel east of the Jordan, demonstrated its loyalty to Saul by giving him a proper burial (1 Sam. 31:1113).

over Jezreel, over Ephraim, over Benjamin, and over all Israel. 10Ishbosheth, Sauls son, was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and he reigned two years. Only the house of Judah followed David. 11And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months. 12 Now Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon. 13And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out and met them by the pool of Gibeon. So they sat down, one on one side of the pool and the other on the other side of the pool. 14Then Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise and compete before us. And Joab said, Let them arise. 15 So they arose and went over by number, twelve from Benjamin, followers of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and twelve from the servants of David. 16And each one grasped his opponent by the head and thrust his sword in his opponents side; so they fell down together. Therefore that place was called the Field of Sharp Swords, which is in Gibeon. 17So there was a very fierce battle that day, and Abner and the men of Israel were beaten before the servants of David. 18 Now the three sons of Zeruiah were there: Joab and Abishai and Asahel. And Asahel was as fleet of foot as a wild gazelle. 19So Asahel pursued Abner, and in going he did not turn to the right hand or to the left from following Abner. 20 Then Abner looked behind him and said, Are you Asahel? He answered, I am. 21 And Abner said to him, Turn aside to your right hand or to your left, and lay hold on one of the young men and take his armor for yourself. But Asahel would not turn aside from following him. 22So Abner said again to Asahel, Turn aside from following me. Why should I strike you to the ground? How then could I face your brother Joab? 23However, he refused to turn aside. Therefore Abner struck him in the stomach with the blunt end of the spear, so that the spear came out of his back; and he fell down there and died on the spot. So it was that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died, stood still. 24 Joab and Abishai also pursued Abner. And the sun was going down when they came to the hill of Ammah, which is before Giah by the road to the Wilderness of Gibeon. 25Now the children of Benjamin gathered together behind Abner and became a unit, and took their stand on top of a hill. 26Then Abner called
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to Joab and said, Shall the sword devour forever? Do you not know that it will be bitter in the latter end? How long will it be then until you tell the people to return from pursuing their brethren? 27 And Joab said, As God lives, unless you had spoken, surely then by morning all the people would have given up pursuing their brethren. 28 So Joab blew a trumpet; and all the people stood still and did not pursue Israel anymore, nor did they fight anymore. 29Then Abner and his men went on all that night through the plain, crossed over the Jordan, and went through all Bithron; and they came to Mahanaim. 30 So Joab returned from pursuing Abner. And when he had gathered all the people together, there were missing of Davids servants nineteen men and Asahel. 31But the servants of David had struck down, of Benjamin and Abners men, three hundred and sixty men who died. 32Then they took up Asahel and buried him in his fathers tomb, which was in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at daybreak. Psalm 62:14
To the Chief Musician. To Jeduthun. A Psalm of David.

T
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ruly my soul silently waits for God; From Him comes my salvation. He only is my rock and my salvation; He is my defense; I shall not be greatly moved. How long will you attack a man? You shall be slain, all of you, Like a leaning wall and a tottering fence. They only consult to cast him down from his high position; They delight in lies; They bless with their mouth, But they curse inwardly. Selah

4:4 Samaria. When the nation of Israel split politically after Solomons rule, King Omri named the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel Samaria (1 Kin. 16:24). The name eventually referred to the entire district and sometimes to the entire northern kingdom, which had been taken captive (capital, Samaria) by Assyria in 722 B.C. (2 Kin. 17:16). While Assyria led most of the populace of the 10 northern tribes away (into the region which today is northern Iraq), it left a sizable population of Jews in the northern Samaritan region and transported many non-Jews into Samaria. These groups intermingled to form a mixed race through intermarriage. Eventually tension developed between the Jews who returned from captivity and the Samaritans. The Samaritans withdrew from the worship of Yahweh at Jerusalem and established their worship at Mt. Gerizim in Samaria (vv. 2022). Samaritans regarded only the Pentateuch as authoritative. As a result of this history, Jews repudiated Samaritans and considered them heretical. Intense ethnic and cultural tensions raged historically between the two groups so that both avoided contact as much as possible (v. 9; Ezra 4:124; Neh. 4:16; Luke 10:2537).

John 4:130

Proverbs 16:1012
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Divination is on the lips of the king; His mouth must not transgress in judgment. Honest weights and scales are the LORDs; All the weights in the bag are His work. It is an abomination for kings to commit wickedness, For a throne is established by righteousness.
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Therefore, when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John 2(though Jesus Himself did not baptize, but His disciples), 3 He left Judea and departed again to Galilee. 4 But He needed to go through Samaria. 5 So He came to a city of Samaria which is called Sychar, near the plot of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. 6Now Jacobs well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied from His journey, sat thus by the well. It was about the sixth hour. 7 A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, Give Me a drink. 8For His disciples had gone away into the city to buy food. 9 Then the woman of Samaria said to Him, How is it that You, being a Jew, ask a drink from me, a Samaritan woman? For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans. 10 Jesus answered and said to her, If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who says to you, Give Me a drink, you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water. 11 The woman said to Him, Sir, You have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep.

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4:10 living water. The Old Testament is the background for this term, which has important metaphorical significance. In Jeremiah 2:13, Yahweh decries the disobedient Jews for rejecting Him, the fountain of living waters. The Old Testament prophets looked forward to a time when living waters shall flow from Jerusalem (Zech. 14:8; Ezek. 47:9). The Old Testament metaphor spoke of the knowledge of God and His grace which provides cleansing, spiritual life, and the transforming power of the Holy Spirit (Is. 1:1618; 12:3; 44:3; Ezek. 36:2527). John applies these themes to Jesus Christ as the living water which is symbolic of eternal life mediated by the Holy Spirit from Him (v. 14; 6:35; 7:3739). Jesus used the womans need for physical water to sustain life in this arid region in order to serve as an object lesson for her need for spiritual transformation.

Where then do You get that living water? 12Are You greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well, and drank from it himself, as well as his sons and his livestock? 13 Jesus answered and said to her, Whoever drinks of this water will thirst again, 14but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life. 15 The woman said to Him, Sir, give me this water, that I may not thirst, nor come here to draw.

Jesus said to her, Go, call your husband, and come here. 17 The woman answered and said, I have no husband. Jesus said to her, You have well said, I have no husband, 18for you have had five husbands, and the one whom you now have is not your husband; in that you spoke truly. 19 The woman said to Him, Sir, I perceive that You are a prophet. 20Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, and you Jews say that in Jerusalem is the place where one ought to worship. 21 Jesus said to her, Woman, believe Me, the hour is coming when you will neither on this mountain, nor in Jerusalem, worship the Father. 22You worship what you do not know; we know what we worship, for salvation is of the Jews. 23But the hour is coming, and now is, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth; for the Father is seeking such to worship Him. 24God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth. 25 The woman said to Him, I know that Messiah is coming (who is called Christ). When He comes, He will tell us all things. 26 Jesus said to her, I who speak to you am He. 27 And at this point His disciples came, and they marveled that He talked with a woman; yet no one said, What do You seek? or, Why are You talking with her? 28 The woman then left her waterpot, went her way into the city, and said to the men, 29 Come, see a Man who told me all things that I ever did. Could this be the Christ? 30Then they went out of the city and came to Him.
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DAY 15: What aspect of worship toward God is absolutely essential?


In His conversation with the Samaritan woman in John 4:24, Jesus reminded her that God is Spirit. This verse represents the classical statement on the nature of God as Spirit. The phrase means that God is invisible (Col. 1:15; 1 Tim. 1:17; Heb. 11:27) as opposed to the physical or material nature of man (1:18; 3:6). The word order of this phrase puts an emphasis on Spirit, and the statement is essentially emphatic. Man could never comprehend the invisible God unless He revealed Himself, as He did in Scripture and the Incarnation. Must worship. Jesus is not speaking of a desirable element in worship but that which is absolutely necessary. In spirit and truth. The word spirit does not refer to the Holy Spirit but to the human spirit. Jesus point here is that a person must worship not simply by external conformity to religious rituals and places (outwardly) but inwardly (in spirit) with the proper heart attitude.The reference to truth refers to worship of God consistent with the revealed Scripture and centered on the Word made flesh who ultimately revealed His Father (14:6). The Samaritans also anticipated Messiahs coming.The Samaritan woman responded, pushing toward the future.I who speak to you am HeJesus forthrightly declared Himself to be Messiah, though His habit was to avoid such declarations to His own Jewish people, who had such crassly political and militaristic views regarding Messiah (10:24; Mark 9:41).The Hein this translation is not in the original Greek for Jesus literally said I who speak to you am.The usage of I amis reminiscent of 8:58. This claim constitutes the main point of the story regarding the Samaritan woman, upon which all worship is centered.

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May 16
2 Samuel 3:14:12 Now there was a long war between the house of Saul and the house of David. But David grew stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul grew weaker and weaker. 2 Sons were born to David in Hebron: His firstborn was Amnon by Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; 3 his second, Chileab, by Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite; the third, Absalom the son of Maacah, the daughter of Talmai, king of Geshur; 4the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 5 and the sixth, Ithream, by Davids wife Eglah. These were born to David in Hebron. 6 Now it was so, while there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, that Abner was strengthening his hold on the house of Saul. 7 And Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah. So Ishbosheth said to Abner, Why have you gone in to my fathers concubine? 8 Then Abner became very angry at the words of Ishbosheth, and said, Am I a dogs head that belongs to Judah? Today I show loyalty to the house of Saul your father, to his brothers, and to his friends, and have not delivered you into the hand of David; and you charge me today with a fault concerning this woman? 9May God do so to Abner, and more also, if I do not do for David as the LORD has sworn to him 10to transfer the kingdom from the house of Saul, and set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan to Beersheba. 11And he could not answer Abner another word, because he feared him. 12 Then Abner sent messengers on his behalf to David, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make your covenant with me, and indeed my hand shall be with you to bring all Israel to you. 13 And David said, Good, I will make a covenant with you. But one thing I require of you: you shall not see my face unless you first bring Michal, Sauls daughter, when you come to see my face. 14So David sent messengers to Ishbosheth, Sauls son, saying, Give me my wife Michal, whom I betrothed to myself for a hundred foreskins of the Philistines. 15And Ishbosheth sent and took her from her husband, from Paltiel the son of Laish. 16Then her husband went along with her to Bahurim, weeping behind her. So Abner
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said to him, Go, return! And he returned. 17 Now Abner had communicated with the elders of Israel, saying, In time past you were seeking for David to be king over you. 18Now then, do it! For the LORD has spoken of David, saying, By the hand of My servant David, I will save My people Israel from the hand of the Philistines and the hand of all their enemies. 19And Abner also spoke in the hearing of Benjamin. Then Abner also went to speak in the hearing of David in Hebron all that seemed good to Israel and the whole house of Benjamin. 20 So Abner and twenty men with him came to David at Hebron. And David made a feast for Abner and the men who were with him. 21 Then Abner said to David, I will arise and go, and gather all Israel to my lord the king, that they may make a covenant with you, and that you may reign over all that your heart desires. So David sent Abner away, and he went in peace. 22 At that moment the servants of David and Joab came from a raid and brought much spoil with them. But Abner was not with David in Hebron, for he had sent him away, and he had gone in peace. 23When Joab and all the troops that were with him had come, they told Joab, saying, Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he sent him away, and he has gone in peace. 24Then Joab came to the king and said, What have you done? Look, Abner came to you; why is it that you sent him away, and he has already gone? 25Surely you realize that Abner the son of Ner came to deceive you, to know your going out and your coming in, and to know all that you are doing. 26 And when Joab had gone from Davids presence, he sent messengers after Abner, who brought him back from the well of Sirah. But David did not know it. 27Now when Abner had returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him privately, and there stabbed him in the stomach, so that he died for the blood of Asahel his brother.

3:25 Abnercame to deceive you. It is ironic that Joab accused Abner of deception in spying on David in v. 25 when in v. 26 he deceived David by not telling him of his request to have Abner returned to Hebron. Joab used this deception to slay Abner out of personal vengeance for the death of his brother Asahel (v. 27; 2:1923).

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Afterward, when David heard it, he said, My kingdom and I are guiltless before the LORD forever of the blood of Abner the son of Ner. 29Let it rest on the head of Joab and on all his fathers house; and let there never fail to be in the house of Joab one who has a discharge or is a leper, who leans on a staff or falls by the sword, or who lacks bread. 30So Joab and Abishai his brother killed Abner, because he had killed their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle. 31 Then David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, Tear your clothes, gird yourselves with sackcloth, and mourn for Abner. And King David followed the coffin. 32 So they buried Abner in Hebron; and the king lifted up his voice and wept at the grave of Abner, and all the people wept. 33And the king sang a lament over Abner and said:
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4:4 Mephibosheth. He may be introduced here to demonstrate that his youth and physical handicap disqualified him from being considered for ruling Israel. He would have been only 12 years old at the time of Ishbosheths death. For the history of this man, see 9:613; 16:14; 19:2430; 21:7.
5 Then the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, set out and came at about the heat of the day to the house of Ishbosheth, who was lying on his bed at noon. 6And they came there, all the way into the house, as though to get wheat, and they stabbed him in the stomach. Then Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped. 7For when they came into the house, he was lying on his bed in his bedroom; then they struck him and killed him, beheaded him and took his head, and were all night escaping through the plain. 8And they brought the head of Ishbosheth to David at Hebron, and said to the king, Here is the head of Ishbosheth, the son of Saul your enemy, who sought your life; and the LORD has avenged my lord the king this day of Saul and his descendants. 9 But David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said to them, As the LORD lives, who has redeemed my life from all adversity, 10when someone told me, saying, Look, Saul is dead, thinking to have brought good news, I arrested him and had him executed in Ziklagthe one who thought I would give him a reward for his news. 11How much more, when wicked men have killed a righteous person in his own house on his bed? Therefore, shall I not now require his blood at your hand and remove you from the earth? 12 So David commanded his young men, and they executed them, cut off their hands and feet, and hanged them by the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ishbosheth and buried it in the tomb of Abner in Hebron.

Should Abner die as a fool dies? Your hands were not bound Nor your feet put into fetters; As a man falls before wicked men, so you fell.

Then all the people wept over him again. 35 And when all the people came to persuade David to eat food while it was still day, David took an oath, saying, God do so to me, and more also, if I taste bread or anything else till the sun goes down! 36Now all the people took note of it, and it pleased them, since whatever the king did pleased all the people. 37For all the people and all Israel understood that day that it had not been the kings intent to kill Abner the son of Ner. 38Then the king said to his servants, Do you not know that a prince and a great man has fallen this day in Israel? 39And I am weak today, though anointed king; and these men, the sons of Zeruiah, are too harsh for me. The LORD shall repay the evildoer according to his wickedness. When Sauls son heard that Abner had died in Hebron, he lost heart, and all Israel was troubled. 2Now Sauls son had two men who were captains of troops. The name of one was Baanah and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin. (For Beeroth also was part of Benjamin, 3because the Beerothites fled to Gittaim and have been sojourners there until this day.) 4 Jonathan, Sauls son, had a son who was lame in his feet. He was five years old when the news about Saul and Jonathan came from Jezreel; and his nurse took him up and fled. And it happened, as she made haste to flee, that he fell and became lame. His name was Mephibosheth.

Psalm 62:512
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My soul, wait silently for God alone, For my expectation is from Him. He only is my rock and my salvation; He is my defense; I shall not be moved. In God is my salvation and my glory; The rock of my strength, And my refuge, is in God.

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Trust in Him at all times, you people; Pour out your heart before Him; God is a refuge for us. Selah Surely men of low degree are a vapor, Men of high degree are a lie; If they are weighed on the scales, They are altogether lighter than vapor. Do not trust in oppression, Nor vainly hope in robbery; If riches increase, Do not set your heart on them. God has spoken once, Twice I have heard this: That power belongs to God. Also to You, O Lord, belongs mercy; For You render to each one according to his work.
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Proverbs 16:1315 Righteous lips are the delight of kings, And they love him who speaks what is right. As messengers of death is the kings wrath, But a wise man will appease it. In the light of the kings face is life, And his favor is like a cloud of the latter rain.

have not labored; others have labored, and you have entered into their labors. 39 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed in Him because of the word of the woman who testified, He told me all that I ever did. 40So when the Samaritans had come to Him, they urged Him to stay with them; and He stayed there two days. 41And many more believed because of His own word. 42 Then they said to the woman, Now we believe, not because of what you said, for we ourselves have heard Him and we know that this is indeed the Christ, the Savior of the world. 43 Now after the two days He departed from there and went to Galilee. 44For Jesus Himself testified that a prophet has no honor in his own country. 45So when He came to Galilee, the Galileans received Him, having seen all the things He did in Jerusalem at the feast; for they also had gone to the feast.

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16:15 cloud of the latter rain. The late spring rain, which matured the crop, fell before the harvest (2 Sam. 23:3,4; Ps. 72:6) and is here compared to the kings power to grace his subjects with encouragement.

4:44 prophet has no honor in his own country. This proverb (also in Matt. 13:57; Mark 6:4) contrasts the believing response of the Samaritans (v. 39) with the characteristic unbelief of Jesus own people in Galilee (and Judea) whose reticent faith depended so much on Jesus performance of miracles (v. 48). While in Samaria, Jesus had enjoyed His first unqualified and unopposed success. His own peoples hearts were not open to Him, but exhibited reluctance and hardness.

John 4:3154
31 In the meantime His disciples urged Him, saying, Rabbi, eat. 32 But He said to them, I have food to eat of which you do not know. 33 Therefore the disciples said to one another, Has anyone brought Him anything to eat? 34 Jesus said to them, My food is to do the will of Him who sent Me, and to finish His work. 35Do you not say, There are still four months and then comes the harvest? Behold, I say to you, lift up your eyes and look at the fields, for they are already white for harvest! 36 And he who reaps receives wages, and gathers fruit for eternal life, that both he who sows and he who reaps may rejoice together. 37For in this the saying is true: One sows and another reaps. 38I sent you to reap that for which you

So Jesus came again to Cana of Galilee where He had made the water wine. And there was a certain nobleman whose son was sick at Capernaum. 47When he heard that Jesus had come out of Judea into Galilee, he went to Him and implored Him to come down and heal His son, for he was at the point of death. 48Then Jesus said to him, Unless you people see signs and wonders, you will by no means believe.
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4:48 Unless you people see signs and wonders. The you is plural. Jesus addresses these words to the Galileans as a whole and not just to the nobleman (vv. 45,46). The response of the Galileans was fundamentally flawed because it disregarded the person of Christ and centered in the need for a constant display of miraculous signs. Such an attitude represents the deepest state of unbelief.

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The nobleman said to Him, Sir, come down before my child dies! 50 Jesus said to him, Go your way; your son lives. So the man believed the word that Jesus spoke to him, and he went his way. 51And as he was now going down, his servants met him and told him, saying, Your son lives! 52 Then he inquired of them the hour when
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he got better. And they said to him, Yesterday at the seventh hour the fever left him. 53So the father knew that it was at the same hour in which Jesus said to him, Your son lives. And he himself believed, and his whole household. 54 This again is the second sign Jesus did when He had come out of Judea into Galilee.

DAY 16: What is a believers role in the evangelism of the world?


In the context of the Samaritan woman and village coming to faith in Christ, Jesus spoke of the harvest and the need for workers in John 4:35. Jesus used the fact that they were surrounded by crops growing in the field and waiting to be harvested as an object lesson to illustrate His urgency about reaching the lost, which the harvestsymbolized.The event probably happened in December or January, which was 4 months before the normal spring harvest (mid-April). Crops were planted in November, and by December or January the grain would be sprouting up in vibrant green color. Jesus points out the Samaritan woman and people of Sychar (lift up your eyes) who were at that moment coming upon the scene (v. 30) looking like a ripened harvest that urgently need to be gathered,i.e., evangelized.Already white for harvest.Their white clothing seen above the growing grain may have looked like white heads on the stalks, an indication of readiness for harvest. Jesus knew the hearts of all (2:24), so was able to state their readiness for salvation (vv. 3941). This episode represents the first instance of cross-cultural evangelism (Acts 1:8). In vv. 3638, the Lords call to His disciples to do the work of evangelism both then and now contains promises of reward (wages), fruit that brings eternal joy (v. 36), and the mutual partnership of shared privilege (vv. 37,38). When He talked with the Samaritan woman, Jesus was performing the will of the Father and thereby received greater sustenance and satisfaction than any mere physical food could offer Him (v. 34). Obedience to and dependence upon Gods will summed up Jesus whole life (Eph. 5:17). Certainly, the same is true for any follower of Christ.

May 17
2 Samuel 5:16:23 Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and spoke, saying, Indeed we are your bone and your flesh. 2Also, in time past, when Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel out and brought them in; and the LORD said to you, You shall shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over Israel. 3 Therefore all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and King David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the LORD. And they anointed David king over Israel. 4David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. 5In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years over all Israel and Judah. 6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who spoke to David, saying, You shall not come in here; but the blind and the lame will repel you, thinking, David cannot come
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in here. 7Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion (that is, the City of David). 8 Now David said on that day, Whoever climbs up by way of the water shaft and defeats the Jebusites (the lame and the blind, who are hated by Davids soul), he shall be chief and captain. Therefore they say, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house. 9 Then David dwelt in the stronghold, and called it the City of David. And David built all

5:1,2 all the tribes of Israel. The term all is used 3 times (vv. 1,3,5) to emphasize that the kingdom established under King David was truly a united monarchy. The elders of Israel (v. 3), representing the tribes (v. 1), came to David at Hebron with the express purpose of submitting to his rule. Three reasons were given by the Israelites for wanting to make David king: 1) he was an Israelite brother (Deut. 17:15); 2) he was Israels best warrior and commander; and 3) he had been chosen by the Lord to be the king of Israel.

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around from the Millo and inward. 10So David went on and became great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him. 11 Then Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters and masons. And they built David a house. 12So David knew that the LORD had established him as king over Israel, and that He had exalted His kingdom for the sake of His people Israel. 13 And David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem, after he had come from Hebron. Also more sons and daughters were born to David. 14Now these are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, 15Ibhar, Elishua, Nepheg, Japhia, 16Elishama, Eliada, and Eliphelet. 17 Now when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David. And David heard of it and went down to the stronghold. 18The Philistines also went and deployed themselves in the Valley of Rephaim. 19So David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up against the Philistines? Will You deliver them into my hand? And the LORD said to David, Go up, for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into your hand. 20 So David went to Baal Perazim, and David defeated them there; and he said, The LORD has broken through my enemies before me, like a breakthrough of water. Therefore he called the name of that place Baal Perazim. 21 And they left their images there, and David and his men carried them away. 22 Then the Philistines went up once again and deployed themselves in the Valley of Rephaim. 23Therefore David inquired of the LORD, and He said, You shall not go up; circle around behind them, and come upon them in front of the mulberry trees. 24And it shall be, when you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the mulberry trees, then you shall advance quickly. For then the LORD will go out before you to strike the camp of the Philistines. 25And David did so, as the LORD commanded him; and he drove back the Philistines from Geba as far as Gezer. Again David gathered all the choice men of Israel, thirty thousand. 2And David arose and went with all the people who were with him from Baale Judah to bring up from there the ark of God, whose name is called by the Name, the LORD of Hosts, who dwells between the cherubim. 3So they set the ark of God on a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill; and Uzzah and
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Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drove the new cart. 4And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab, which was on the hill, accompanying the ark of God; and Ahio went before the ark. 5Then David and all the house of Israel played music before the LORD on all kinds of instruments of fir wood, on harps, on stringed instruments, on tambourines, on sistrums, and on cymbals. 6 And when they came to Nachons threshing floor, Uzzah put out his hand to the ark of God and took hold of it, for the oxen stumbled. 7 Then the anger of the LORD was aroused against Uzzah, and God struck him there for his error; and he died there by the ark of God. 8 And David became angry because of the LORDs outbreak against Uzzah; and he called the name of the place Perez Uzzah to this day. 9 David was afraid of the LORD that day; and he said, How can the ark of the LORD come to me? 10So David would not move the ark of the LORD with him into the City of David; but David took it aside into the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite. 11The ark of the LORD remained in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite three months. And the LORD blessed Obed-Edom and all his household. 12 Now it was told King David, saying, The LORD has blessed the house of Obed-Edom and all that belongs to him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed-Edom to the City of David with gladness. 13And so it was, when those bearing the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, that he sacrificed oxen and fatted sheep. 14Then David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was wearing a linen ephod. 15So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting and with the sound of the trumpet. 16 Now as the ark of the LORD came into the City of David, Michal, Sauls daughter, looked through a window and saw King David leaping and whirling before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart. 17So they brought the ark of the LORD, and set it in its place in the midst of the tabernacle that David had erected for it. Then David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD. 18And when David had finished offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts. 19Then he distributed among all the people, among the whole multitude of Israel, both the women and the men, to everyone a loaf of bread, a piece of meat, and a cake of raisins. So all the people departed, everyone to his house. 20 Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out

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to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel today, uncovering himself today in the eyes of the maids of his servants, as one of the base fellows shamelessly uncovers himself! 21 So David said to Michal, It was before the LORD, who chose me instead of your father and all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel. Therefore I will play music before the LORD. 22And I will be even more undignified than this, and will be humble in my own sight. But as for the maidservants of whom you have spoken, by them I will be held in honor. 23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no children to the day of her death. Psalm 63:111
A Psalm of David when he was in the wilderness of Judah.

My soul follows close behind You; Your right hand upholds me. But those who seek my life, to destroy it, Shall go into the lower parts of the earth. They shall fall by the sword; They shall be a portion for jackals. But the king shall rejoice in God; Everyone who swears by Him shall glory; But the mouth of those who speak lies shall be stopped.
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Proverbs 16:1617 How much better to get wisdom than gold! And to get understanding is to be chosen rather than silver. The highway of the upright is to depart from evil; He who keeps his way preserves his soul.

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God, You are my God; Early will I seek You; My soul thirsts for You; My flesh longs for You In a dry and thirsty land Where there is no water. So I have looked for You in the sanctuary, To see Your power and Your glory.

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John 5:123

63:1 Early will I seek You. Eagerness to be with the Lord in every situation is more in view than the time of day. My soul thirsts. David longs for Gods presence like a wanderer in a desert longs for water. In a dry and thirsty land. David writes this psalm while hiding in the wilderness of Judea, but longing to be back worshiping in Jerusalem.

After this there was a feast of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 2Now there is in Jerusalem by the Sheep Gate a pool, which is called in Hebrew, Bethesda, having five porches. 3In these lay a great multitude of sick people, blind, lame, paralyzed, waiting for the moving of the water. 4For an angel went down at a certain time into the pool and stirred up the water; then whoever stepped in first, after the stirring of the water, was made well of whatever disease he had. 5 Now a certain man was there who had an infirmity thirty-eight years. 6When Jesus saw him lying there, and knew that he already had

Because Your lovingkindness is better than life, My lips shall praise You. Thus I will bless You while I live; I will lift up my hands in Your name. My soul shall be satisfied as with marrow and fatness, And my mouth shall praise You with joyful lips. When I remember You on my bed, I meditate on You in the night watches. Because You have been my help, Therefore in the shadow of Your wings I will rejoice.
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5:10,11 The Old Testament had forbidden work on the Sabbath but did not stipulate what work was specifically indicated (Ex. 20:811). The assumption in Scripture seems to be that workwas ones customary employment, but rabbinical opinion had developed oral tradition beyond the Old Testament which stipulated 39 activities forbidden (Mishnah Shabbath 7:2; 10:5), including carrying anything from one domain to another. Thus, the man had broken oral tradition, not Old Testament law.

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5:14 Sin no more, lest a worse thing come upon you. The basic thrust of Jesus comments here indicates that sin has its inevitable consequences (Gal. 6:7,8). Although Scripture makes clear that not all disease is a consequence of sin (9:13; Luke 13:15), illness at times may be directly tied into ones moral turpitude (1 Cor. 11:29,30; James 5:15). Jesus may specifically have chosen this man in order to highlight this point.

been in that condition a long time, He said to him, Do you want to be made well? 7 The sick man answered Him, Sir, I have no man to put me into the pool when the water is stirred up; but while I am coming, another steps down before me. 8 Jesus said to him, Rise, take up your bed and walk. 9And immediately the man was made well, took up his bed, and walked. And that day was the Sabbath. 10The Jews therefore said to him who was cured, It is the Sabbath; it is not lawful for you to carry your bed. 11 He answered them, He who made me well said to me, Take up your bed and walk. 12 Then they asked him, Who is the Man who said to you, Take up your bed and walk?

But the one who was healed did not know who it was, for Jesus had withdrawn, a multitude being in that place. 14Afterward Jesus found him in the temple, and said to him, See, you have been made well. Sin no more, lest a worse thing come upon you. 15 The man departed and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had made him well. 16 For this reason the Jews persecuted Jesus, and sought to kill Him, because He had done these things on the Sabbath. 17But Jesus answered them, My Father has been working until now, and I have been working. 18 Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also said that God was His Father, making Himself equal with God. 19 Then Jesus answered and said to them, Most assuredly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do; for whatever He does, the Son also does in like manner. 20For the Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself does; and He will show Him greater works than these, that you may marvel. 21For as the Father raises the dead and gives life to them, even so the Son gives life to whom He will. 22 For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son, 23that all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.
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DAY 17: Why did Jesus not back down to religious hypocrisy?
A careful reading of John 5:1747 reveals the ultimate reason Jesus confronted the Jews religious hypocrisy, i.e., the opportunity to declare who He was. This section is Christs own personal statement of His deity. As such, it is one of the greatest Christological discourses in Scripture. Herein Jesus makes 5 claims to equality with God: 1) He is equal with God in His person (vv. 17,18); 2) He is equal with God in His works (vv. 19,20); 3) He is equal with God in His power and sovereignty (v. 21); 4) He is equal with God in His judgment (v. 22); and 5) He is equal with God in His honor (v. 23). In v. 17, Jesus point is that whether He broke the Sabbath or not, God was working continuously and, since Jesus Himself worked continuously, He also must be God. Furthermore, God does not need a day of rest for He never wearies (Is. 40:28). For Jesus self-defense to be valid, the same factors that apply to God must also apply to Him. Jesus is Lord of the Sabbath! (Matt. 12:8). Interestingly, even the rabbis admitted that Gods work had not ceased after the Sabbath because He sustains the universe. In response to Jewish hostility at the implications of His assertions of equality with God (v. 18), Jesus became even more fearless, forceful, and emphatic.Most assuredly(v. 19) is an emphatic way of saying Im telling you the truth. Jesus essentially tied His activities of healing on the Sabbath directly to the Father. The Son never took independent action that set Him against the Father because the Son only did those things that were coincident with and coextensive with all that the Father does. Jesus thus implied that the only One who could do what the Father does must be as great as the Father.

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