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Bibliography PRIMARYSOURCES

Hine,Lewis.488Macon,Ga.LewisW.Hine1191909.BibbMillNo.1Many youngstershere.Someboysweresosmalltheyhadtoclimbuponthespinning frametomendthebrokenthreadsandputbacktheemptybobbins.Location:Macon, Georgia..1901.Photograph.NationalChildLaborCommitteeCollection.Macon, Georgia.Web.18,Feb.2014 <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/nclc/item/ncl2004001388/PP/> Thispictureisincludedinmywebsiteandshowssmallboyssteppingonmachinery. Hine,Lewis.9P.M.inanIndianaGlassWorks,Aug.,1908.Location:Indiana.1908. Photograph.NationalChildLaborCommitteeCollection.Indiana.Web.9Feb. 2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/nclc/item/ncl2004000144/PP/> Thispictureinmywebsiteshowsafewboysworkinginaglassfactory. Hine,LewisAclipping.Seealsolabel1931.Location:Chauncy,Pennsylvania.1911. Photograph.NationalChildLaborCommitteeCollection.Chauncy,Pennsylcania. Web,Feb8.2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/nclc/item/ncl2004002618/PP/> Thisphotoofanewspaperisaboutaboywhogotsmotheredinamineshaftand anotheronewhogotbothhislegsburned.Itreallyshowshowdangerousthemines are.

Hine,Lewis.AgreaserinaCoalMine.See1835.Location:BessieMine,Alabama. 1910.Photograph.NationalChildLaborCommitteeCollection.BessieMine, Alabama.Web.8Feb.2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ncl2004000589/PP/> Thispictureincludedinmywebsiteshowsaboycarryingtwopailsofgrease. Hine,Lewis,AviewofthePennsylvaniaBreaker.Thedustwassodenseattimesasto obscuretheview.Thisdustpenetratestheutmostrecessoftheboy'slungs. Location:SouthPittston,Pennsylvania.1911.Photograph.NationalChildLabor CommitteeCollection.SouthPittston,Pennsylvania.Web.18,Feb.2014 <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/nclc/item/ncl2004002616/PP/> Thispictureonmywebsiteshowsboysworkinginverydarkconditions.

Hine,Lewis.AyoungberrypickeronBottomley'sfarm,nearBaltimore,Md.Sheworked onewinteratYoungsIsland,S.C.Mothersays,"Nomore."Location:Baltimore, Maryland.1909.Photograph.NationalsChildLaborCommitteeCollection. Baltimore,Maryland.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/nclc/item/ncl2004001694/PP/> Thispictureisinmyslideshowandshowsalittlegirlstandinginafarm.

Hine,Lewis.BasilRobertsandJamesHopper,both12yearsold,gotoschoolwhenin sessionandworkatColemanBros.ZincMine,Aurora,Mo.,Saturdaysandholidays, culling"waste"fromthezincoreonthe"dumps."Theirfathersworkinzincmines nearby.Theseboystoldmenoboyswerepermittedtoworkdowninthemines,and saidtheyweretheonlyboysworkinginthevicinitywhichseemedtobeabouttrue. Location:Aurora,Missouri..1910.Photograph.NationalChildLaborCommittee Collection.Aurora,Missouri.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ncl2004002411/PP/>

Thispictureincludedinmywebsiteshowstwoboyshardatworkontop ofamoundofseashells. Hine,Lewis.Breakerboysin#9Breaker,HughestownBorough,Pa.CoalCo.Smallestboy isAngeloRoss,(Seelabels#1953+#1951.)Location:Pittston,Pennsylvania. 1912.Photograph.NationalChildLaborCommitteeCollection.Pittston Pennsylvania.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/nclc/item/ncl2004002622/PP/> Thispictureonthefrontpageofmywebsiteshowsagroupofminers. Hine,Lewis.Glassworks.Midnight.Location:Indiana.1908.Photograph.NationalChild LaborCommitteeCollection.Indiana.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/nclc/item/ncl2004000103/PP/> Thispicturewhichisincludedinmywebsiteshowsacoupleofboysworkingina glassfactory. Hine,Lewis.Ifoundagirlof13workingatembroideryinafarcornerofadimlylighted room.Thelightcamefromasmallgasjetwhichwashighabovethegirl'shead,inthe centeroftheroom.Shewasworkingonablackdresswhichwasoutlinedinblack pencil.Forthisdresselaboratelyembroidered,shereceivedninetycents.Shecould embroideronedressinaboutthreeorfourdaysifshekeptatitsteadily.Shehad beenworkingsince4P.M.,anditwasthe7P.M.Sheexpectedtostopat10:30. Location:Newark,NewJersey.1923.Photograph.NationalChildLabor CommitteeCollection.Newark,NewJersey.Web.8Feb.2014 <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/nclc/item/ncl2004005060/PP/> Thispictureisincludedinmywebsiteandshowsagirlworkingonembroidery. Hine,Lewis,Inthegroupare:2fouryearoldboys,1fiveyearoldboy,1sixyearold boy,1tenyearoldboy,1elevenyearoldboy,1twelveyearoldboy,2fiveyearold girls,1sixyearoldgirl,2nineyearoldgirls,1tenyearoldgirl,1twelveyearold girl.Infrontofshacksatnoon,Florencecolony[?],WhitesBog,BrownsMills,N.J.

Thisisthefourthweekofschoolandthepeopleexpecttoremaintwoweeksmore. E.F.Brown[Witness].Location:BrownsMills,NewJersey.1910.Photograph, NationalChildLaborCommitteeCollection,WhiteBog,BrownMills,NewJersey. Web.18.Feb.2014 <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/nclc/item/ncl2004000271/PP/>, Thispictureshowsyoungchildrenstandinginfrontofabuilding.Itisusedonmy website. Hine,Lewis.RheaQuintin14yearsold.HanddrawinginonWebbframe.Beenatit about3months.Requiresgreatdealofmentalapplicationandaccuracyandgood oversight.Takesoverayeartolearn.Seemedveryyoungincertificateoffice.Miss Smiththoughtshewasalittleschoolgirlcomingforsomeotherpurpose.]Location: FallRiver,Massachusetts..1916.Photograph.NationalChildLaborCommittee Collection.FallRiver,Massachusetts.Web.8Feb.2014
<http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/ncl2004002009/PP/>

ThispictureisincludedonmywebsiteandshowsagirlhanddrawingonaWebb frame. Hine,Lewis.WorkersintheNokomisCottonMill,Lexington,N.C.Thesmallestboysaid hewas11yearsoldandmakes50centsaday.Beendoffingthereforsomemonths. TheBandBoywhoseemsmuchyoungerwouldnotbephotographed.Alsoseveral otheryoungworkers.Location:Lexington,NorthCarolina.1912.Photograph. NationalChildLaborCommitteeCollection.Lexington,NorthCarolina.Web.7 Feb.2014. <http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/nclc/item/ncl2004003068/PP/> ThispictureshowsaboywhoworksattheNokomisCottonMill. "Home."OurDocuments.N.p.,n.d.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=59>. AphotooftheKeatingOwenact.

Loutherbourg,Philip.CoalbrookdalebyNight.1801.Painting.ScienceMuseumof London,Coalbrookdale,England.www.bbc.co.uk.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/arts/yourpaintings/paintings/coalbrookdalebynight179866 >. ThispaintingispaintedfromthetimeperiodoftheIndustrialRevolutionandshows afactoryscene.

Scott,William.IronandCoal.Circa1855.Painting.NationalTrust,Wallington, Northumberland.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:William_Bell_Scott__Iron_and_Coal.jp g> ThispictureincludedinmywebsiteshowsabusysceneduringtheIndustrial Revolution. "TheNationalArchivesExperience:DocsTeach."ActofJune25,1938(FairLabor StandardsAct),PublicLaw75718,52STAT1060..N.p.,n.d.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://docsteach.org/documents/299848/detail?menu=closed&page=66>. AphotooftheFairLaborStandardsAct.

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ChildLabor."History.com.A&ETelevisionNetworks,n.d.Web.20Nov.2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/childlabor>. ThiswebsitegavemeanoverallviewofChildLaborduringtheIndustrialRevolution. Italsogavemeinformationaboutthelawsonchildlabor. "ChildLaborQuotes."BrainyQuote.Xplore,n.d.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/key Thiswebsitegavemequotesrelatingtochildlabor. "EasternIllinoisUniversityHomepage."ChildhoodLost.N.p.,n.d.Web.25Nov.2013. <http://www.eiu.edu/eiutps/childhood.php>.

Thiswebsitegavememanysupportingdetailsaboutchildlabor.Italsogavemethe namesofmanyearlyadvocatesforchildren.includingGraceAbbotts,LewisHine andJaneAddams. "EconomicGrowthandtheEarlyIndustrialRevolution."ushistory.org.IndependenceHall Association,n.d.Web.15Nov.2013. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/22a.asp>. ThiswebsitegavemebackgroundinformationabouttheIndustrialRevolution.Itgave mealotofinformationonwhowasresponsibleforimpactsontheIndustrial Revolution.

Freedman,Russell.Kidsatwork:LewisHineandtheCrusadeAgainstChildLabor. NewYork:ClarionBooks,1994.Print. Thisbookgavemeinformationaboutchildlaborconditions,theirpay,andeven casualtiesthathappened.ItalsogavealotofinformationaboutLewisHine.I obtainedmanyquotesfromthisbook. "GraceAbbottBiography."Bio.com.A&ENetworksTelevision,n.d.Web.10Feb.2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/graceabbott20617595>. ThiswebsitegavemeinformationonwhoGraceAbbottwasandwhatshedid. "Home."OurDocuments.N.p.,n.d.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=59>. Thiswebsiteexplainedafewofthelawsthatwereestablishedtolimitchildlabor.It alsosuppliedmewiththepictureofKeatingOwenact. "IndustrialRevolution."GetALevelCourseworkandEssaysHelpfromMarkedBy Teachers.com.N.p.,n.d.Web.4Feb.2014. <http://www.markedbyteachers.com/asandalevel/history/industrialrevolution.htm l>.

ThiswebsitegavemePaulMantouxsfamousquote.

"IndustrialRevolution."History.com.A&ETelevisionNetworks,n.d.Web.15Nov.2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/industrialrevolution>. ThiswebsitegavemeinformationonwhattheIndustrialRevolutionwasandwhatit didtolife.ItalsogavemeinformationonthesecondIndustrialRevolution.Onthis websiteIalsowatchedoneoftheirvideos,whichhelpedmeunderstandmoreabout theIndustrialRevolution. "IndustrialRevolution."BrainPOP.N.p.,n.d.Web.5Feb.2014. <http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/ushistory/industrialrevolution/>. ThisshortvideohelpedhelpedmeunderstandtheimpactsofwhattheIndustrial Revolutioncaused. "IndustrialRevolutionQuotes."BrainyQuote.Xplore,n.d.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/key ThiswebsitegavemealotofquotesrelatingtotheIndustrialRevolution. "IndustrialRevolutionResearch."IndustrialRevolution.N.p.,n.d.Web.20Nov.2013. <http://www.industrialrevolutionresearch.com/industrial_revolution_transportation. php>. ThiswebsitegavemeinformationonhowtheIndustrialRevolutionstarted.

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Thiswebsitegavemealotofinformationaboutwhattypesoftransportationwas inventedandusedduringtheIndustrialRevolution. "InventorsandInventionsoftheIndustrialRevolution."InventorsandInventionsofthe IndustrialRevolution.N.p.,n.d.Web.15Nov.2013. <http://resources.chuh.org/chhs/library/teacherweb/socialstudies/worldhistory/indus trialrevolutinventors.htm>. Thiswebsitegavemealotofinformationaboutinventionsandtheirinventorsduring theIndustrialRevolution. "JaneAddamsBiography."Bio.com.A&ENetworksTelevision,n.d.Web.10Feb.2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/janeaddams9176298>. ThiswebsitegavemeinformationonwhoJaneAddamswasandwhatshedid.Italso gavemeherphoto. "JethroTull'sseeddrill,1701.."ScienceMuseum.N.p.,n.d.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/objects/agricultural_engineering/1955289.asp x> ThiswebsitegavemeinformationandpicturesofJethroTullsinventionslikethe seeddrill. "LewisHineBiography."Bio.com.A&ENetworksTelevision,n.d.Web.10Feb.2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/lewishine9339610>. ThiswebsitegavemeinformationonwhoLewisHinewas.Italsogavemehisphoto.

"LifeBeforeTheIndustrialRevolution."LifeBeforeTheIndustrialRevolution.N.p.,n.d. Web.19Nov.2013.

<http://rishikumanan.tripod.com/id8.html>. ThiswebsitehelpedmealotinunderstandingwhatlifewaslikebeforetheIndustrial Revolution.ItalsotaughtmealotabouttheAgriculturalRevolution. "TEACHERS."ScholasticTeachers.N.p.,n.d.Web.15Nov.2013. <http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/historychildlabor>. Thiswebsitegavememorefactsaboutthesurroundingsthatchildrenworkedwith.It alsointroducedmetoCharlesDickens'"OliverTwist". Thatcher,Wade."ChildLaborDuringtheEnglishIndustrialRevolution."ChildLabor duringtheIndustrialRevolution.N.p.,n.d.Web.20Nov.2013. <http://wathatcher.iweb.bsu.edu/childlabor/>. Thiswebsitehelpedmeunderstandwhychildlaborwasneededandwhattheworking conditionswereforchildren.Thiswebsitealsogaveafewmoresourcestolookat. "TheIndustrialRevolutionBeginsinEngland(17601850)."UntitledDocument.N.p.,n.d. Web.25Nov.2013. <http://webs.bcp.org/sites/vcleary/ModernWorldHistoryTextbook/IndustrialRevolut ion/IRbegins.html>. ThiswebsitegavemealotofinformationoninventionsduringtheIndustrial Revolution.Ilearnedaboutthesteamengineandtheloomhere.Ialsolearnedmore abouttherailsystemduringtheIndustrialRevolution.Italsogavemeapictureofthe steamengine. "TheNationalArchivesExperience:DocsTeach."ActofJune25,1938(FairLabor StandardsAct),PublicLaw75718,52STAT1060..N.p.,n.d.Web.7Feb.2014. <http://docsteach.org/documents/299848/detail?menu=closed&page=66>. ThiswebsiteexplainedwhattheFairLaborStandardsactof1938did.Italso

suppliedmewithapictureoftheact. "TheSecondIndustrialRevolution,18701914."USHistoryScene.N.p.,n.d.Web.5Feb. 2014. <http://www.ushistoryscene.com/uncategorized/secondindustrialrevolution/>. ThiswebsitegavemeinformationonthesecondIndustrialRevolution.Itmentioned howtheUnitedStatesgotmoreurbanized. "Whoinventedtheautomobile?."Whoinventedtheautomobile?(EverydayMysteries: FunScienceFactsfromtheLibraryofCongress).N.p.,n.d.Web.5Feb.2014. <http://www.loc.gov/rr/scitech/mysteries/ ThiswebsiteexplainedKarlBenz'sautomobileandalsoincludedausefulchartof "AutomobileFirsts".