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Section - A : Straight Objective Type
1. Answer (3)
] T L [M
x
hc
0 0 0
=
(

[x] = [h][c] = [ML


2
T
1
][LT
1
]
= [ML
3
T
2
]
2. Answer (1)
Using n
1
u
1
= n
2
u
2
, we get
1 dyne = n
2
dyne/cm
2
1(mg)(mm)
1
(ms)
2
= n
2
gcm
1
s
2

2 3 1 1 3
2
) 10 ( ) 10 )( 10 (

= n
= 10
4
3. Answer (1)
% 1 100
1 . 10
1 . 0
100 ~ =
A
x
x
4. Answer (4)
Solid angle has unit steradian, but no dimensions.
5. Answer (3)
Relative velocity has the dimensions of velocity.
6. Answer (2)
Least count is 100 ms = 0.1s.
So, reading should be upto one place after decimal.
7. Answer (4)
Least count = 1MSD 1VSD
= mm 0.02
50
1
MSD
50
1
MSD
50
49
1MSD = = =
8. Answer (3)
0 . 1
0 . 2
0 . 2
= = =
a
F
m
0 . 2
2 . 0
0 . 2
1 . 0
0 . 2
1 . 0
= + =
A
+
A
=
A
a
a
F
F
m
m
Mechanics
UNIT1
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(2)
Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics

1 . 0
0 . 2
2 . 0
0 . 1 = = Am
m = (1.0 0.1) kg
9. Answer (2)
(1)
] L [
weight
energy Potential
=
(

(2) [Pressure] = ML
1
T
2
(3)
] L [
Pressure
Force
=
(
(

(4)
] L [
on Accelerati
) velocity (
2
=
(
(

10. Answer (2)


x + y is meaningless.
11. Answer (3)
x = y z
|
.
|

\
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ = '
100
10
100
10 z
z
y
y x
yz x ) 9 . 0 1 . 1 ( = '
x x 99 . 0 = '
% 1 100 01 . 0 100
99 . 0
100 = =

=
A
x
x x
x
x
12. Answer (2)
Let F = []

[a]

[f]

MLT
2
= [ML
3
]

[LT
2
]

[T
1
]

= 1, = 4, = 6
F = [a
4
f
6
]
13. Answer (1)
For real image
y x f
1 1 1
+ =
( u = x, v = +y)
60 . 0
1
30 . 0
1 1
+ =
y
y = 0.20 cm
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
Also dy
y
dx
x
df
f
2 2 2
1 1 1
=

(
(

+ =
2 2
2
y
dy
x
dx
f df

(
(

+ =
2 2
2
) 60 . 0 (
01 . 0
) 30 . 0 (
01 . 0
) 20 . 0 ( df
df = 0.0055
m 01 . 0 ~ (

f has two places after decimal)


14. Answer (3)
2
t S
2
) 3 . 1 ( t S '

% 69 100 =
'
S
S S
15. Answer (4)
units 5 = A
= constant in all coordinate systems.
16. Answer (2)
The new vector formed lies in x-z plane at angle above x-axis as shown. The magnitude remains 3 units.
17. Answer (3)
Accuracy is determined by relative error.
In B, relative error is
20
1
, which is greatest.
x
3
z
u
18. Answer (2)
1ly = 9.46 10
15
m
1m = 1.05 10
16
ly
= 10
16
ly (one significant figure)
19. Answer (3)
) ( || ) ( b a b a

+
0 ) ( ) ( = + b a b a

(This implies that the angle between


) ( b a +
and
) ( b a
is 0 or 180)
and 0 ) )( ( > + b a b a

(This means angle is not 180)


20. Answer (2)
Only the non-zero digits are significant in this case.
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
21. Answer (3)
g
L
T
2
T
L
g

100
2
100 |
.
|

\
| A
+
A
=
A
T
T
L
L
g
g
100
90
1
2
0 . 20
1 . 0
|
.
|

\
|
+ =

3% ~
21(a). Answer (2) IIT-JEE 2008
g
g A
=
l
l
T
T A
+
A
2
For student I, T = 128.0, T = 0.1 s. This has the least error.
22. Answer (1)

2
=
( )
2
4
25
x +
( )
( ) 2
4
25
2
3
x
dx
dv
+
= v
a =
( )
3
4
25

x +
23. Answer (1)
v
|
g
x
y
Radial acceleration a
R
at any point P is given by a
R
= gcos
Where is the angle of tangent at point P.
As
u
u
= = |
cos
sin
tan
0
0
V
gt V
V
V
x
y

| +
= |
2
tan 1
1
cos
Clearly gcos does not vary Linearly with time
Also At t = 0 = , |a
R
| = |gcos|
At
2
T
t = = 0, |a
R
| = |g|
At t = T = 180 , |a
R
| = |gcos|
Now we conclude from above statement, that graph 1 is the best possible graph.
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
24. Answer (1)
Tangential acceleration |a
t
| = |gsin|
gsin does not vary linearly with time.
Also At t = 0 = , |a
t
| = |gsin|
At
2
T
t = = 0, |a
t
| = 0
At t = T = 180 , |a
t
| = |gsin|.
Graph 1 is the best possible graph.
25. Answer (3)
a =
dx
dv
v
For 0 < x < 100 m
v = 0.08 x
a = 0.08 [0.08 x]
and 100 m < x < 0
= 0.08 x + 16
a = 0.08 ( 0.08x + 16)
26. Answer (4)
Given that a
r
t, then
t
r
V

2
t V
Tangential acceleration
t
dt
dv
a
t
2
1
=
Now a
r
a
t
2
will be independent of time.
27. Answer (1)
y
x
45
O
A
B
Average velocity from 0 to
4
T
is given by
4
avg
T
AB
V =
When particle reach at point B, displacement vector is AB as shown in figure and acceleration vector is BO .
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
The angle between
AB
and
BO
is 135.
135
B
O
A
Change in velocity from A to B is
i v j v v

= A
a
45
Av
Angle between a and
v A
is 45.
28. Answer (1)
Given,
4
3
projection of time at energy Kinetic
point highest at energy Kinetic
=
Kinetic energy at highest point =
2
0
) cos (
2
1
u V m
Kinetic energy at time of projection =
2
0
2
1
V m
4
3 ) (cos
2
0
2 2
0
=
u
V
V
30
2
3
cos = u = u
Velocity at projection point =
j
V
i V j V i V

2
3

30 sin

30 cos
0
0 0 0
+ = +
Velocity at highest point = i V i V

2
3

30 cos
0 0
=
Change in velocity = j
V

2
0

29. Answer (3)


Normal reaction is perpendicular to tangent at A. Given ,
2
a
x
y = slope at any point on the wire track is
dx
dy
= u tan
a
x 2
tan = u
e
N
A
x
u
90 u
At point (a, a), slope tan = 2
Now From Newtons Law towards centre,
Nsin = m
2
a .... (i)
and in vertical direction.
Ncos = mg .... (ii)
N
mg
u
acc. = a e
2
divide equation (i) by equation (ii)
g
a
2
tan
e
= u

a
g 2
= e
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
29a. Answer (2) (IIT-JEE 2009)
For equilibrium
dy
dx
= tan =
a
g
u
y
x
2kx =
a
g
x =
2
a
gk
30. Answer (4)
Maximum friction force
f
max
=
s
mg
= (0.2) (2) (10) 2 kg F t (N) = 2
= 4 N
At t = 2s, F(N) = 4 N
Upto t = 2 s, block is in rest. After that relative motion starts between block and surface and kinetic friction
acts between surfaces. Now from figure, force due to friction is F
f
= 4 1 = 3
Acceleration after two second is
m
F
a =
2
3 2
=
t
a
2
3 2
=
t
dt
dv
} }
|
.
|

\
|
=
4
2 0
2
3 2
dt
t
dv
v
v = 3 m/s
31. Answer (1)
30 60
y
x
v
30
x
As shown in figure,
Slope at point B is = tan60
60 tan =
x
y
v
v
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
3
cos
) (sin
0
0
=
u
u
v
gt v
v
0
= 20 m/s, = 30
10 10t = 30
t = 4 s
x coordinate = (v
0
cos)t
= 4
2
3
20
= m 3 40
32. Answer (4)
) ( Q P
is always perpendicular to
P
and
Q
.
33. Answer (3)
Initial velocity of particle is v
1
Retardation = a
Total time to come to rest is t
Total distance
2
1
2
1
t a t v s
t
=
Distance travelled in time (t 1) is
2
1 1
) 1 (
2
1
) 1 ( =

t a t v s
t
Distance travelled in last second
s = s
t
s
t1
|
.
|

\
|
=
2
1
2
1
) 1 (
2
1
) 1 ( )
2
1
( t a t v at t v
at
a
v + =
2
1
As
,
a
v
t =
|
.
|

\
|
+ =
a
v
a
a
v s
2
1
2
a
s =
So distance travelled does not depend on initial velocity, hence s
1
= s
2
= s
3
.
34. Answer (2)
Displacement = Algebraic sum of area under curve.
Distance = Sum of magnitude of area
35. Answer (1)
The man and the dog are moving with constant velocities, hence the relative acceleration is zero. So with
respect to each other, they will be moving in a straight line.
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
36. Answer (4)
For same range in projectile motion,
+ = 90
given = 2
= 30 and = 60
3
1
sin
sin
2
1
=
|
u
=
T
T
|
|
.
|

\
| u
=
g
u
T
sin 2

37. Answer (3)


( )gd m m d k
2 1
2
2
1
+ >
m
1
m
2
l
0
k
d >
( )
k
g m m
2 1
2 +
38. Answer (2)
A
B D
C
v
x
y
Velocity of i v A

=
Velocity of j v B

=
Velocity of i v C

=
Velocity of j v D

=
i v j v v v v
A B BA

= =
i v i v v v v
A C CA

= =
i v j v v v v
A D DA

= =
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
39. Answer (3)
Slope of x-t graph gives velocity
j i v
A

30 tan

30 tan =
j i v
B

30 tan

30 tan + =
j i v
AB

30 tan 2

30 tan 2 =
j i

3
2

3
2
=
40. Answer (1)
Average speed =
2 1
2 max 1 max
2 2
t t
t v t v
+
+
v
max
v
t
1
t
2 t
=
2
max
v
2
speed avg.
max
=
v
41. Answer (2)
a = bt
n
(n 1)
n
bt
dt
dv
=
1
1
+
=
+
n
bt
v
n
(assuming that initial velocity is zero)
) 1 (
1
+
=
+
n
bt
dt
dx
n
) 2 )( 1 (
2
+ +
=
+
n n
bt
r
n
(assuming that initially, position vector is zero)
t
n
r
v ) 2 ( +
=
At t = 1 s ) 2 ( + = n
r
v
or v = r(n + 2)
42. Answer (4)
)

sin

(cos 15 j pt i pt r + =
Radius of circle = 15
Angular velocity = p rad/s
a
c
=
2
r
= 15 p
2
m/s
2
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
43. Answer (4)
6
6
t
c
y =
At t = 5 s,
5
ct
dt
dy
v = =
v = c(5)
5
4
2
2
5ct
dt
y d
a = =
a = 5c(5)
4
v = a
44. Answer (1)
When the seat is broken, motion will be governed by gravity and the general motion will be on a parabolic path.
45. Answer (2)
0 ... 3 2 1 = + + n F F F F
1 3 2 ... F F F F n = +
m
F
a
1
=
46. Answer (3)
Snell law is given by
sini = x sinr
r
i
c
a
b
Incident medium
Now
)

( sin | | | | n i c a c a =
n

= unit vector along outward normal to boundary


)

( sin | | | | n r b a b c =
)

( sin n i c a =
)

( sin n r b c =
According to Snell Law
) ( ) ( b c x c a =
) ( ) ( c b x c a =
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
47. Answer (1)
The general equation of trajectory is
u
u =
2 2
2
cos 2
tan
u
gx
x y
Slope
t
0
u
u =
2 2
cos 2
tan
u
gx
dx
dy
As x varies linearly with t slope also varies linearly with t.
48. Answer (4)
Angular momentum about O is
L = m(vsin)R
O
R
v sinu
v cosu
g
v
mv
u
u =
2 sin
sin
2
g
mv u u
=
cos sin 2
2 3
49. Answer (4)
u
u
At the point of projection
sin
dv
g
dt
= u
Radius of curvature at the point of projection
2 2
cos
N
v u
R
a g
= =
u
2
2 2
sin . cos sin .cos g g g
u u
u u u u
=
50. Answer (1)

(2 40 )
B
r ti j = +

2
1 2
1

20
2
s r v ti v j t gt k
| |
= + +
|
\ .

Condition for stone to hit the block is


2t = v
1
t,
40 m = v
2
t
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
2
1
20 0
2
t gt =
v
2
= 10 m/s
51. Answer (2)
v
y
= vsin30 gcos30t
sin30 1 2
s
cos30 3 3
v v
t
g g
= = =
52. Answer (3)
Time for A to move from (0, 50) to (50, 0)
=
2 50 1
5 s
4 5
t
=
t
Displacement of

50 50 B i j =

Velocity of

10( ) m/s B i j =

53. Answer (3)


Take a small element of mass dm
du
Rdu
e
R
Use Newtons Law in Radial direction,
R dm
d
T
2
) (
2
sin 2 e =
u
u = Rd dm
As angle is small,
So
2 2
sin
u
=
u d d
R dm
d
T
2
2
2 e =
u

du
2
e
T
T
du
2
2 2
2
2 ue =
u
d R
d
T
T = R
2

2
54. Answer (1)
Tcos30 + Tcos60 = m
2
r .... (i)
30
60
r
C
30
T
30
T
Tsin30 + Tsin60 = mg .... (ii)
Divide equation (i) by (ii)
1
2
=
e
mg
r m
r
g
= e
gr r v = e =
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
55. Answer (2)
When it breaks off, normal reaction N = 0
Fixed
u
Mg
2
1
v
Mass m is in circular motion, so use Newtons Law in Radial direction.
R
mv
mg
2
cos = u .... (i)
Energy conservation between point (1) and (2) yields
2
2
1
) cos ( mv R R mg = u .... (ii)
From equation (i) and (ii)
cos = 2(1 cos)
cos = 2 2cos
3
2
cos = u

3
5
sin = u
3
5
sin
g
g a
t
= u =
56. Answer (1)
57. Answer (4)
A
B
u
3gl
By energy conservation between A and B, cos
B
V gl gl = + u
As tan45 =
t
c
a
a
=
sin
cos
g
g g
u
+ u
45
u
a
a g
t
= sinu
a
c
we get, = 90
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
58. Answer (4)
v
1
v
2
Relative velocity = v
1
+ v
2
= 4 .... (i)
v
1
v
2
Relative velocity
10
4
2 1
= v v
.... (ii)
From equation (i) and (ii)
v
1
= 2.2 m/s
v
2
= 1.8 m/s
59. Answer (1)
2
1
2
4 2
2 2

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
r
v m
g m =
ds
vdv
m
s =
}
ds
=
| |
}
+
0
2
4
2

v
r
v
g
v d v
Solving integral we get s
60. Answer (3)
2
2
x
y = ,
2
2
t
x =

8
4
t
y =
Now,
2
3
t
dt
dy
=
t
dt
dx
=
At t = 2 s,
j i v

2 + =
61. Answer (4)
At same horizontal level speed is 10 m/s.
Angle between g and u is 30.
Now,
m 20
1 10
2 10
30 sin
2 2
=

= =
g
u
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
62. Answer (3)
u
x
= 8 sin 2t
v
y
= 5 cos 2t
This means that x and y coordinate will also be sine and cosine functions but with different amplitudes.
So, path is an ellipse.
63. Answer (3)
bv a
dt
dv
=

dt
bv a
dv
=

or
}
=

t
v
dt
b
bv a
0
0
)] ( [ln

] 1 [
bt
e
b
a
v

=
64. Answer (2)
The maximum speed will be attained at t = 8s.
v = Area of graph for 0 8s
v 0 = 30 20 10 5 4 5 4
2
1
= + = +
v
max.
= 30 m/s
65. Answer (4)
2
0
2
1
p a p u a + = (1)
a b
t = 0 t p = t = p+q
2 0
) (
2
) ( q p
a
q p u b a + + + = + (2)
from (1) & (2), we obtain
) (
) ( 2
0
q p pq
aq bp
a
+

=
66. Answer (1)
v = gc 2
N mg =
r
mv
2
x
2
= y
c
b
2
r =
2 2
2 / 3
2
/
1
dx y d
dx
dy
(
(

|
.
|

\
|
+
=
2
2
1
b
c
=
c
b
2
2
2
2
b
xc
dx
dy
=
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(17)
Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
N = mg +
c
b
cm g
2
2
2 2 2
2
2
b
c
dx
y d
=
= mg
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
2 2
4
b
c b
67. Answer (4)
Let the target be at a distance R.
Let be required angle.
Then,
g
u
R
u
=
2 sin
2
Now,
g
u
R

=
60 sin
6
2
(1)
g
u R

= +
90 sin
9
2
(2)
From (1) & (2)
3 2
12 3 9

+
= R
and
9
2
+ = R
g
u
Now,
g
u
R
u
=
2 sin
2
(where is the required angle of projection)

9
2 sin
2
+
= = u
R
R
g
u
R
Solving
10
4 3 3
2 sin
+
= u

|
|
.
|

\
|
+
= u

10
4 3 3
sin
2
1
1
68. Answer (3)
Maximum acceleration a
1
= (n 1)g
Maximum retardation a
2
= g
2
2
1
t S
|
|
.
|

\
|
| + o
o|
=
2
) 1 (
) 1 (
2
1
t
g g n
g g n
a
(

+

=
2 1
) 1 (
2
(

=
g n
na
t
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
69. Answer (3)
The velocity-time graph is shown.
0 0 0 0 0 0
2
1
) 2 (
2
1
ft t ft t t ft t S + + =
t
0
t
0
t t 2
0
ft
0
t
v
2
0 0
ft ftt S = . This gives
2
4

2
0
f
s
t
t
t =
The time for constant velocity is
f
s
t t t
4
2
2
0
=
70. Answer (2)
kv
dt
dv
=

|
.
|

\
|
= = v
dt
dx
k
dx
dv

dx = kdv
x = kv
71. Answer (3)
The velocity-time graph for the train is shown.
v
0
= xt
1
= yt
2
As t
1
+ t
2
= 4
t
1
t
2
v
0
t
v

4
0 0
= +
y
v
x
v
Also,
0
2
1
2 v t =
v
0
= 1

4
1 1
= +
y x
72. Answer (2)
Range
4
3 45
2
3
10
15 15 2 sin
2
=

=
u
=
g
u
R
Time of flight s 5 . 1
10
2 / 1 15 2
=

= T
Distance to be moved by the fielder is
4
3 45
70 .
Speed m/s 33
5 . 1
4
3 45
70
~

=
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
73. Answer (4)
For the block to be at rest in car,
f
lo
o
r

o
f

c
a
r

ma
m
g


s
in
u
N
mg cos u
a

(
c
a
r
)
u u > cos sin mg mg ma
and u + u s cos sin mg mg ma

3
g
a >
and
3
2g
a s
74. Answer (3)
N = mgcos + Fsin ... (1)
mN + Fcos = mgsin ... (2)
From (1) and (2) we get
(sin cos )
cos sin
mg
F
| |
=
u + u
(cos sin ) 0
d
d
u + u =
u
N
F
mg
N
u
= tan

2
min
(sin cos )
1
1
mg
F
| |
= +
+
75. Answer (1)
a
1
=
( ) 2 P mg mg
m
+
T
f
1
T
f
1
P
f
1
T
f
2
f
1
f
2
P
=
3 P mg
m
| |
|
\ .
T f
1
= ma
2
P T f
2
f
1
= ma
2
P f
2
2f
1
= 2ma
2
a
2
=
4
2
P mg
m
| |
|
\ .
For 2P 6mg = P 4mg
P = 2mg
76. Answer (2)
2 1 1
1
1 1
10 m/s
F f F m g
a
m m

= = =
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
2 2
2
2
1m/s
F m g
a
m
+
= =

2
1 1
[10 ( 1)] 11 4 22 m
2 2
s t = = =
77. Answer (2)
The tension in the rope is t(N).
When t = 10s, 1kg will start moving up and at t = 20 s, 2 kg will start moving. As force increasing with time,
acceleration will increase with time.
78. Answer (3)
When they move together,
9 4 3 2
F F
a =
+ +
=
Now, this a should be less than or equal to maximum possible acceleration of the blocks.
For 4 kg,
2
. max
m/s 25 . 1
4
10 ) 3 2 ( 1 . 0
=
+
= a
For (3 + 4) kg block
2
. max
m/s 4 . 1
4 3
10 2 5 . 0
=
+

= a

25 . 1
9
s
F
N 25 . 11 s F
79. Answer (1)
a = gsin gcos
2 sec 2 sec
sin cos
t
a g g
u u
= =
u u

0
dt
d
=
u

1
tan2u =

80. Answer (3)


m
1
m
2
m
3
T
0
T
0
T T
When m
1
remains at rest, the T = m
1
g
Also, T = 2T
0
=
g m g
m m
m m
1
3 2
3 2
) (
4
=
+

3 2 1
1 1 4
m m m
+ =
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
81. Answer (2)
The accelerations of the blocks w.r.t. pulley are equal and opposite.
) (
2 1 P P
a a a a =

P
a a a 2
2 1
= +
82. Answer (1)
u
12
20
16
36 cm
N
20
12
cos = u
Also N cos = W
W
W W
N 67 . 1
12
20
cos
=

=
u
=
83. Answer (3)
The C.G. of the triangle will lie on the median.
The resultant of T
2
and T
3
must pass through
A.

3
3 2 1
mg
T T T = = =
T
3
T
1
T
2
mg
l
1
2
l
1
2
A
84. Answer (4)
T
1
100 N
500 N
T
H
V
Tsin(37) 1.0 50 0.7 100 1.4 = 0 ... (i)
H Tcos(37) = 0 ... (ii)
V + T sin37 50 100 = 0 ... (iii)
On solving equations we get H = 234 N
85. Answer (4)
The sand leaks out vertically. It will not impart any horizontal force.
86. Answer (4)
Force required
dt
dm
v =
dm =
2
dx
, where is mass/length (when free end of folded part moves by dx, the increment in mass is
2
dx
)
N 128
2
2
=

=
v
F
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
87. Answer (3)
2kg
T
1
T
2
T
1
T
2
F
F = T
2
T
1
= mg = 2g
As T
2
= T
1
e

F = 2ge

88. Answer (2)


The maximum tension (at bottom) is
l
mv
mg T
2
+ =
By energy conservation
) 60 cos 1 (
2
1
2
= mgl mv
T = 2mg = 2 2 10 = 40 N
For no slipping, T Mg
40 8 10
0.50
89. Answer (1)
) sin (cos
) cos (sin
max
u u
u + u
=
rg
V
= 48.38 m/s
90. Answer (2)
At mid point, tension is horizontal. Consider the FBD of half part,
Tcosu
Tsinu
T
u
T
0
mg
2
2
sin
mg
T = u
Tcos = T
0
u
=
tan 2
0
mg
T
91. Answer (2)
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
92. Answer (2)
Considering vertical equilibrium,
u
u
T
AO
T
BO
T
AO
cos = T
BO
cos + Mg
T
AO
> T
BO
93. Answer (3)
The force on the wedge is given to be
F = Mgcot
F
m
M
u
In this case, m falls freely. a = 10 m/s
2
94. Answer (3)
mg
g
h
gh m
t
p
F
av
=


=
A
A
=
2
2
2 2
95. Answer (2)
Ncos = Mg
Nsin = m
2
(Rsin)
R
g
2
cos
e
= u
u
R
N
r
Mg
If
, 1
2
>
e R
g
it will remain at lowest point.
96. Answer (1)
Consider the FBD of circular part
du
u
T
H
T
L
=
g
2
T + dT
T
dmg cosu
For the element d, dT = dmg cos
}
u u =
H
L
T
T
d Rg dT cos
T
H
= T
L
+ Rg

t
+

=
2
2
g
g
T
H
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
97. Answer (3)
2 2
t c
F F F + =
1
) 2 ( 4
2 2

= =
r
mv
F
c
= 16 N
dt
mdv
F
t
=
= 4 3 = 12 N
F = 20 N
98. Answer (1)
For 4 kg block,
kx = ma
Also
6 4
20
+
= a = 2 m/s
2
200 x = 4 2
200
8
= x
x = 4 cm
99. Answer (1)
Just before breaking, 4 kg block is in equilibrium
kx = 4 10 + 6 10
kx = 100 N
When the lower spring breaks,
kx 40 = 4a
60 = 4a a = 15 m/s
2
100. Answer (4)
Given = 37
4
3
tan
angle of repose is 37
At rest, net force is zero.
When < angle of repose, f = mg sin
When > angle of repose, body slides and
f = N = mg cos
When body is at rest, mg f N = +
2 2
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
101. Answer (1)
60 cos 2
2 2 2
+ + = T T T F
As mg T
4
3
=
mg F
4
3 3
=
102. Answer (2)
Let force is applied at an angle above horizontal
At the verge of moving,
F cos = N, N = mg F sin
u + u

=
sin cos
mg
F
N F sinu
F
F cosu
mg
N
u
cos + sin has a maximum value
2
1 +
2
minimum
1 +

=
mg
F
103. Answer (1)
As > tan30, therefore, the block does not have a tendency to slide down.
To make it move up, F = mg sin + mg cos
2
3
10 10
4
3
2
1
10 10 + = F
= 115 N
0 < F < 115 N, block remains at rest
104. Answer (3)
By drawing F.B.D of both block it can be seen.
Mg sin30 = mg
m =
2
M
105. Answer (3)
F = kv
dx
dv
mv = kv
} }
=
x v
v
kdx dv m
0
2 /

0
0
2
0
mv

= kx
x =
k
mv
2
0
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
106. Answer (3)
By conservation of linear momentum.
A
p j j j i + = + +

10 )

6 ( )

4 2 (
i p
A

2 =
107. Answer (2)
The change in velocity takes place in a direction perpendicular to wall.
1 2 1 2
1 2

3 ( )

2 (

v v
j i j i
v v
v v
n
+ +
= =
29

5 j i +
=
108. Answer (1)
v j i 80

3 40

4 40 = +
j i v

2
3

2 + =
2
2 2
Loss

2
3

2 0 8
2
1
3 40
2
1
4 40
2
1
j i K + + =
= 320 + 180 250
= 250 J
109. Answer (3)
When string becomes taut, displacements are same in magnitude
4t = 2t + 5t
2
t = 0.4
The velocity of hanging block is v = 2 + 10 0.4 = 6 m/s is when string is taut speeds become same
By impulse momentum theorem 4v + 4v = 4 6 + 4 4
v = 5 m/s
I = p = 4 5 4 4
= 4 N-s
110. Answer (1)
The resultant of centripetal and tangential force is net force, equal to mg.
111. Answer (1)
Consider a small section of length dl subtending angle d at the centre
Along radial direction, R dm
d
T
2
2
sin 2 e = |
.
|

\
| u
also, u
t
= d
m
dm
2
T
T
O
du
2
du
2
e
t
e
=
2
2
R m
T
This is tensile in nature
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
112. Answer (1)
T + F Mg = Ma
mg
T
T F
mg
mg T = ma
( ) m M
Mg mg F
+
+
= a
v =
( )
t
m M
g M m F
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
113. Answer (2)
As friction between 2 kg block and incline is less it moves down with acceleration, while 4 kg is not able
to move
f
2 kg
= 0.6 2 10 cos37
=
5
48
N
f
4 kg
= mg sin ( it does not move down)
=
5
3
10 4
= 24 N
114. Answer (3)
As the block moves with constant speed, friction is 12 N. Normal reaction is 5 N
2 2
r N c
f F F + = = 13 N
115. Answer (3)
}
=
t
kdt
t
k
0
mean
1
}
|
.
|

\
|
=
t
dt v
t
k
0
2
mean
m
2
1 1
Take v = u + at and integrate.
] [
6
1
2 2
mean
uv v u m k + + =
. Here u represents u
1
and v represents u
2
116. Answer (2)
When the particle leaves the circular motions, T = 0
, coso = ga v where = 180 ... (i)
Also ) cos 1 ( 2
2
o + = ag v v
L
... (ii)
o
u
a
v
L
v
mgcosu
o
from (i) & (ii)

3
1
cos = o
3
1
cos = u
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
117. Answer (2)
gl v
L
2 =
) cos 1 ( 2
2
u + = gl v v
L
.... (i)
As T = 0
l
mv
mg
2
cos = u .... (ii)
u
l
v
h l = cosu
l
v
L
3
2
cos = u
3
2l
h =
118. Answer (3)
b
a
O
V
L
ga V
L
2
2

O'
For circular motion about O, ) ( 3 2
2
a b g ga V
L
>
g b a V
L
) 3 5 ( >
119. Answer (3)
T
L
T
H
= 6 mg
120. Answer (1)
N = m(g a sin)
= 10 (10 2 sin 30)
= 10 (10 1)
= 90 N
121. Answer (1)
v
2
v
vsinu
v
1
Before collision After collision
u
Motion wil be orthogonal if v
1
= 0
1
( )
cos
M em
v v
M m

= u
+

M
e
m
=
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
122. Answer (2)
u
r
T
t
=
After impact, relative speed = eu
e
T
eu
r
t
2 2
=
t
=
122a. Answer (3) (IIT-JEE 2009)
60
60
60
1 s
t

c
o
l
l
i
s
i
o
n
3
rd
collision
2
n
d
c
o
l
l
i
s
i
o
n
A
123. Answer (3)
u
o
=
cos
sin
1
u
v v
e
.... (i)
o
u
o
v
1
o
o
v
2
I (impulse)
I (impulse)
v
o
I = mucos mv
1
.... (ii)
I sin = Mv .... (iii)
1
cos
sin
mv mu
Mv
o =
o

.... (iv)
] cos sin [ cos
sin
o o o =
o
eu v m mu
Mv
) 1 ( cos
sin
) sin (
2
e mu
v m M
+ o =
o
o +
o +
+ o o
=
2
sin
) 1 ( sin cos
m M
e mu
v
124. Answer (3)
V F P . =
= 10 5 10 3 + 20 6
= 50 30 + 120 = 140 J/s
125. Answer (3)
Along horizontal, there is no external force. So, centre of mass continues to remain at rest.
Along vertical
m M
v m
v
cm
+
u
=
sin
.
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
126. Answer (4)
m
t
v v
F
i f
av

A

=
]

5 [ 150
1 . 0
) 2 ( ) 5 4 6 (
15 k j i
j i k j i
+ + =
+ +
=
127. Answer (2)
When the man moves through L on the plank, Plank moves back by
4
3
3
L
M
M
L M
x =
+

=
Net displacement is
4 4
3 L L
L = .
128. Answer (1)
Using
}
= = A
x
a
dx
x
k
w k
2

x
a
x
k mv |
.
|

\
|
+ =
1
2
1
2
2
1
2
|
.
|

\
|
=
ax
x a
m
k
v
129. Answer (3)
5
2
0
(4 115) 0.5 20 9.8(5) W x dx = +
}
=
755
J
3
130. Answer (4)
Speed of M (>>m) remains u. Let v be the speed of m after collision, then
(v u) = e(u)
as e = 1
v = 2u.
131. Answer (1)
When the bar 1 breaks, spring is just relaxed.
x
m
k
v v m kx
2
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
= =
Now
2 1
2
m m
v m
v
cm
+
=
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
132. Answer (2)
The second range is eR = H
Also
R
H 4
tan = o
R eR
H
x
u
y
o
tan = 4e
or = tan
1
(4e)
133. Answer (2)
0 + mgsin mgcos mgs = 0
134. Answer (2)
As k
O ds F > .
135. Answer (1)
f = mg a = g
Time taken by the body to come to rest is
4 4
t
a g
= =

Total change in kinetic energy due to friction is


2
1
2
E mu A =
Mean power =
2
1
1
2
2
mu
E
mu g
u t
g
A
= =

136. Answer (4)


Till the ball reaches the lowest point, the wedge does not move.
So gr v 2 = is the speed of the ball at lowest point. Now
m M
gR m
v
cm
+
=
2
remains constant.
137. Answer (2)
2
2
2
2 1
2
1
4
) 2 2 (
2
1
mv
x
x k k =
(
(

+
138. Answer (2)
When block moves down by x, let the upper string stretches by y. The restoring force will be ky.
This implies that the lower spring strectes by
2
y
For the pulley, constraint relation gives,
ky
ky
2
ky
2
2
2
y
x y =
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
2
5y
x =
ky
y
2
x
Or
5
2x
y =
By energy conservation,
2
2
2 2
1

2
1
KE |
.
|

\
|
=
y
x ky mgx

10
10
2
kx mgx
=
139. Answer (2)
dx F dU . =
dU = (ydx + xdy)
dU = d(xy)
U = xy + c
140. Answer (3)
The work done by the force on different paths is different
For path AC, y = x
W =
}
dr F .
=
} }
+
1
0
1
0
2
2 dy y xydx
=
} }
= +
1
0
1
0
2 2
) ( 2 x y dx x dx x
=
}
= +
1
0
1
0
3 2
J 1 ] [ 3 x dx x
141. Answer (2)
At P, 0
2
= = = v v
R
mv
N
By conservation of energy,
mgR kx =
2
2
1
142. Answer (2)
After collision, by momentum conservation along common tangent
mu sin = mv v = u sin
j u i u v

) 90 ( sin ) sin (

) 90 ( cos ) sin ( u u + u u =
u
v
90u
u
Common
tangent
Common
normal
j u i u v

cos sin

sin
2
u u + u =
143. Answer (3)
The centre of mass moves under the action of gravity alone.
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
144. Answer (4)
By symmetry
x
cm
= 0 dm = Rd
2 4
cm
4
1 2 2
cos cos
R R
y R Rd d
M M
t
+
t

= u u = u u =
t
} }
145. Answer (1)
3
3 cos60 2 cos30
3
2 2
5 20

= =
x
g g
g
a
146. Answer (3)
(mgsin mgcos) t = mv
0
(mgsin mgcos) hcosec =
2
0
1
2
mv
0
2
cosec
t
h v
=
u
0
2 cosec h
t
v
u
=
147. Answer (2)
2
CM
0
5
(2 3) 5
2
t
t
v tdt + = =
}
At t = 10 s, we have
2
CM
5[10]
2
50 m/s
5
v = =
2
CM
3 30 2
5
v
v
+
=
v
2
= 80 m/s
148. Answer (2)
100 20 40
10 20 10 40
Boat
+ +
+
= x

m
4
5
160
200
= =
m
4
5
towards left
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
149. Answer (3)
3 6
2
5

3
2 3
+ + = x
x x
U
0 6 5
2
= + = x x
dx
dU
x = 3 and x = 2
5 2
2
2
x
dx
U d
=
As U
dx
U d
x > = 0 , 3
2
2
is min
3 3 6
2
9
5
3
27
min
+ + = U
J 5 . 7
2
15
2
45
30 = = =
KE
max
= Total energyU
min
= 177.5 = 9.5 J
150. Answer (2)
L = mvr
F =
r
mv
2
=
2
|
.
|

\
|
mr
L
r
m
=
3
2
mr
L
151. Answer (3)

( cos ) ( sin ) v u i u gt j = u + u

F mg j =
. ( sin ) P F v mg gt u = = u

152. Answer (4)
Magnitude of angular momentum changes as v
t
is decreasing
Net acceleration is resultant of a
t
& a
c
, not towards centre
Angular momentum is along the axis of rotation,
So its direction remains same.
153. Answer (1)
It will perform curvilinear translatory motion
so k =
2
2
1
mv
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
154. Answer (2)
L = mu cos H
mu cos
(
(

u
g
u
2
sin
2 2
u cosu
=
g
mu
2
cos sin
2 3
u u
tan =
R
H 4
L =
u +
2
tan 1
mHu
=
2
2
16
1
R
H
mHu
+
e
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
4
2
2
R
H m =
2 2
16H R
mHRu
+
=
( )
2 2 2 2
16 4
4
H R R H
HRu
+ +
155. Answer (4)
2 mg = mge
(5)
1
ln (2)
5
=
t
156. Answer (4)
m
1
g T
1
= m
1
a
T
2
m
2
g = m
2
a
If spring start slipping we have
1 2
t
= T T e
Using a = 0 for string just slip we have
0.2 1
2
m
e
m
t
157. Answer (3)
2
2 2 2 2
2
1 1
( sin ) sin
2 24
m
E dx x m
+

| |
= ue = e u
|
\ .
}

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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
158. Answer (1)
V
cm
= r =
( )
dt
d
r R
u
+
k =
2 2
5
2
' e mr
=
2
2
5
2
(

e
+
r
r R
mr
159. Answer (1)
Centre moves in straight line with constant speed V
160. Answer (1)
( )R gR
M
2
2
= e + e
2 2
2
1
2
MR R
M
( )R gR
M
2
2
= MR
2

=
R
g
2
161. Answer (4)
I = 2 mr
2
+
(
(

3
) 2 ( 2
3
2
r m
= 2 mr
2
+ 8 mr
2
= 10 mr
2
162. Answer (1)
i v v A

2
0
=
j v i v v B

0 0
=
j v i v v AB

0 0
+ =
0
2v v
AB
=
So
R
v
R
v
AB
0 0
2
2
= = e
163. Answer (2)
mv
0
ft = mv
0 + =
v
fRt I
R
0
2
2
5

=
| |
|
\ .
mv ft mv
v f Rt
mR
R
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)

0
2
7
=

v
t
g
2
0
1
2
s v t gt =
2
0
12
49
v
s
g
=

164. Answer (2)


Apply energy conservation, we get
2
2
1
30 cos e =
C
I R mg (Here C is instantaneous centre of rotation)
2
3 4
12
4 4
3 40 e |
.
|

\
|
+

=
= 3.2 rad/s
Initial
Final
R cos30
R cos30
C
165. Answer (2)
2
2
1
at l =
2
2
1
sin
2
1
t
mR
I
g
l
|
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
u
=
.
For maximum time, I = mR
2
(maximum)
166. Answer (3)
ma R sin = mg (1 cos ) R

g
a
=
2
cos
2
sin 2
2
sin 2
2
u u
u
=
2
tan
u

max
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
g
a
1
tan 2
167. Answer (2)
In case (2), body will definitely slip on BC, loosing energy against friction while in case 1, it will roll down.
168. Answer (2)
Since = Fx = I

I
Fx
= o
2
L
a
o
=
i.e. a x
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
169. Answer (4)
N
1
= 100
f = N
2
By taking moments about A,
2
5
3
5
4
100
2
= N


3
200
2
= N
100
N
2
N
1
f A

1
3
200
N f = =

3
2
=

= 0.67
170. Answer (2)
I
P
= I
CM
+ m
2
2
|
.
|

\
|
t
R
R
,
2
0
2
|
.
|

\
|
t
=
R
m I I
CM . I
0
= mR
2
(I
0
is the moment of inertia about centre of
semicircle)
171. Answer (1)
J = I
cm

1 15 = 2 (1) (1)
2
= 7.5 rad/s
172. Answer (3)
= I
0

= Mg x
I
0
= I
C
+ M (OC)
2
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ +
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
2 2
2
16 4 12
x
a
M
a
a
M
=
2 2
16
1
48
1
12
1
Mx Ma + |
.
|

\
|
+ +
=
2 2
48
3 1 4
Mx Ma + |
.
|

\
| + +
=
2
2
6
Mx
Ma
+
SoMgx = o
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
2
6
x
a
M
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
2
2
6
x
a
gx
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ x
x
a
g
6
2
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
For to be minimum
x
a
6
2
+ x = maximum
or
2
2
6

x
a
+ 1 = 0
x =
6
a
173. Answer (4)
T =
V
R) 2 ( 2t
V =
T
R t 4
=
T
t 4
K =
2
2
2
1 4
2
1
e + |
.
|

\
| t
I
T
R
m
=
2 2
2
1 4 1 4
2 2 2
R MR
m
T T
t t | | | |
+
| |
\ . \ .
=
2 2
2
12m R
T
t
174. Answer (4)
After collision v = R > 4 rad/s
) (
i
v v m l
f
=
I = 2 [4 ( 4)]
I = 16 Ns
rad/s
Before Collision
I
(impulse)
I
During Collision
4 m/s
4 rad/s
After Collision
9
4 m/s
Also I R = L
f
L
i
16 1 =
) 9 4 (
5
2
2
mR
4
1
=
175. Answer (2)
Now after collision, v becomes zero. At pure rolling,
v
e
eR v =
= t
mR
t f
2
5
e = ' e
|
.
|

\
|
= o
I
fR

e
v
f f
m
t f
v = '
As v = R for pure rolling,
2
5

' e
e = ' e
7
2e
= ' e
7
2 R
v
e
= '
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
176. Answer (3)
Net force on the cylinder passes through the topmost point.
So torque of the net contact force is zero.
177. Answer (4)
M = I
1
+ I
2
=
2
2 2
2
1 1
3
1
3
1
l m l m +
177(a). Answer (5) IIT-JEE 2011
F
1
= mg(sin cos)
F
2
= mg(sin + cos)
= 3F
1
=
1
tan
2
u
10 = N = 5
178. Answer (3)
The velocity of B is v sin along BO
AB
v u
= e
sin
AB
R
= |
.
|

\
| u
2
tan
A
B
u
v
u
/2
O
R
|
.
|

\
| u
=
2
cot R AB
R
v
R
v
2
sin 2
2
cot
2
cos
2
sin 2
2
u
=
u
u u
= e
179. Answer (3)
4
1
,
2
2
0
=
'
=
M
m MR
I
T
2 4 4
2

|
.
|

\
|
=
R M
I
CM (for the cut out disc)
32
3
6 32
2 2 2
0
MR MR MR
I = + =
32
13
32
3

2 2 2
0 0 0
MR MR MR
T I I
T R
= = =
180. Answer (3)
Since plank slides forward friction on it acts backward
on A and B, it is in forward direction.
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
181. Answer (3)
The position of centre of mass will be
t 3
2R
from O
The ring will rotate about point of contact A
2R
t 2R
t
4 kg
O
CM
2 kg
C
A
A
I
t
= o
2
) 2 2 (
) 30 cos 60 ( ) 30 sin 60 (
r m m
CO OA
B A
+
+
= o
36
N
O
C
R
u
2
3
R
t
A
60 N
= 6.84 rad/s
2
182. Answer (4)
= 7 rad/s
2
Slowing down
and > 0 Anticlockwise rotation
183. Answer (3)
= F (r + R)
dt
dL
R r t = + ) ( 2
L = t
2
(r + R)
184. Answer (1)
F = f mg = N
For toppling about A,
2
3
a
mg a F >
F
mg
N
f
A
3 2
1
>
( f = F = N = mg)
185. Answer (4)
Angular velocity and angular acceleration are either parallel or antiparallel in circular motion
186. Answer (4)
Energy conservation yields
2 2
2
1
2
1
5 e + = I mv R mg and v = r
At P,
R
mv
N
2
= Force =
2 2
) ( N mg +
187. Answer (1)
As point of contact with the ground is moving towards left, a frictional force acts towards right.
188. Answer (2)
fR = I
o = u
2
sin
2
mR
R mg
o =
u
R
g sin 2
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
It will fall when = 0
mg sinu
e
0
f
u
t
g
R
=
u
e

sin 2
0
189. Answer (2)
2
2
1
mv mgh = (On a smooth incline, rotational energy will not be converted into potential energy)
h = 5 m
190. Answer (3)
x x
10
20
15
= = e
Solving, we get x = 8 cm
20x
x
Q
15 m/s
191. Answer (4)
By energy conservation
2
2
1 1
2 2
v
mgh mv I
R
| |
= +
|
\ .
2
1
2
mR
I
gh
v
+
=
As I depends on R
2
,
2
R
I
is a constant for a given shape.
So v is independent of R
192. Answer (2)
In this situation, friction adds to force in forward direction.
F
f
193. Answer (4)
F
The height is not defined, for friction can have any direction.
194. Answer (4)
= mg x
= mg u cos t
t. Also
dt
dL
= t
x
mg
mv
u
o
L t
2
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
195. Answer (1)
t
A
2
u
= e
t
C
u
= e
u/2 u
2
C
A
e
= e
196. Answer (2)
For AB,
R T
K K
mgh
+ =
2

|
.
|

\
|
= e = =
R T R T
k K I K mv K
2
1
;
2
1
;
2
1
2 2
' =
T
K
mgh
2
K
T

5 =
' +
R
T T
K
K K
197. Answer (4)
P r L =
)

( 4 )

( k j i j i L + + =
] 2 [ 4 k j i L =
198. Answer (2)
1
4
2
o =
I
R f
for big cylinder
I
fR
2
1
= o .
Similarly,
2
o =
I
fR
(small cylinder)
t
I
fR
2

0 2
e = e
t
I
fR
= e
1
For no relative motion finally,
R
1
= 2R
2

1
=
0
199. Answer (3)
As R
1
= 2R
2

2
0
2
e
= e
200. Answer (1)
mv
1
(2R) = mv
2
(4R)
v
1
= 2v
2
... (i)
From C.O.E
2 2
1 2
1 1
2 2 2 4
GMm GMm
mv mv
R R
=
... (ii)
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
From (i) and (ii)
2
6
GM
v
R
=
1
2
3
GM
v
R
=
2
1
2
(4 )
mv GMm
r R
=

8
3
R
r =
201. Answer (4)
The packet will itself become a satellite.
202. Answer (3)
Gravitational potential at the mid-point P = v
1
+ v
2
=
4Gm
d

Gravitational potential energy


0
4Gmm
u
d
=
2 0
0
4 1
0 0 0
2
Gmm
m v
d

+ =
` `
) )

2
2
Gm
v =

203. Answer (1)


2
GMm
E
a
=
2
1
2 2
GMm GMm
mv
r a
=

2
2 1
v GM
r a
(
=
(

204. Answer (1)
90
R
e
h

= 6 R
e
e
e
R 1
sin
R 7 h
=
+

205. Answer (2)
r
GMm
U

=
As r increases, potential energy becomes less negative.
206. Answer (2)
By momentum conservation,
0 = Mv
1
mv
2
Mv
1
= mv
2
= p (say)
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
By mechanical energy conservation
2
2
2
1
2
1
2
1
0 mv Mv
d
GMm
+ +

=
M
p
m
p
d
GMm
2 2
2 2
+ =
) (
2
m M D
G
mM p
+
=
M
p
m
p
v v v
r
+ = + =
2 1
207. Answer (2)
The torque due to gravity increases the angular momentum about point of projection.
208. Answer (4)
CM divides the line in the ratio m : M. Whereas the null point divides the line in the ratio
m M :
.
M m
CM
m : M
m m
209. Answer (1)
2 1
v v v =
In centre of mass frame,
m M
v m v M
v
cm
+
+
=
2 1
cm cm
v v v =
1 1

m M
v m
m M
v v m
+
=
+

=
) (
2 1
m M
v M
m M
v v M
v
+

=
+

=
) (
1 2
cm 2

2 2
2
1
2
1
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
+
|
|
.
|

\
|
+
=
m M
v M
m
m M
v m
M k

2
2
1
v
m M
mM
k
+
=
210. Answer (2)
R
GM
v
e
2
=
e
v
R
M G
v 2
2
) 2 ( 2
=
|
.
|

\
|
=
211. Answer (2)
Use T
2
R
3
.
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
212. Answer (3)
The speed of satellite becomes more than the orbital speed. It will have elliptical orbit with minimum distance
from earth R.
Minor axis = 2R.
213. Answer (3)
Total energy =
r
GMm
2

Kinetic energy =
r
GMm
2
To escape, energy needed = TE =
r
GMm
2
= Kinetic energy.
214. Answer (3)
For a geostationary satellite, time period of earths rotation is equal to time period of revolution of satellite around
earth.
215. Answer (4)
L = mr
2


3600 24 365
2
) 10 5 . 1 ( 10 6
2 11 24

t
=
2.7 10
40
kg m
2
/s.
216. Answer (1)
t = =
2
3
8 2
R G
R
GM
V
V R
2 = =
B
A
B
A
R
R
V
V
217. Answer (3)
Satellite and person are in a state of free fall, moving in circular orbit under the gravitational force.
218. Answer (4)
r
GM
V
2
=
. Here M is the mass of the planet
219. Answer (3)
At surface, potential is
t =
t
= =
2
3
3
4
3
4
R G
R
R G
R
GM
V
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(47)
Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
220. Answer (2)
Buoyant force = v g = loss in weight
= v =
cc 43
1
) 221 264 (
=

g
g
Volume of material of body =
cc 30
8 . 8
264
=
So, volume of cavity = 43 30 = 13 cc
221. Answer (1)
Force on the base
= gh r
2
Weight g h r w t =
2
3
1
F > W
222. Answer (3)
Weight of excess of water displaced = Vd
2
g
=
g d
d
M
2
1
Excess of pressure at the bottom of vessel =
A d
g Md
1
2
223. Answer (3)
Pressure at E = pressure at B
(h 0.8 g) + (10 h) 13.6 g = 10 1.3 g
h = 9.6 cm
224. Answer (2)
From Bernoullies theorem between 1 & 2
1
2
h
2
2 0
2
1 1 0
2
1
2
1
v P v g h P + = + +
Before the pressure is added, v
1
= 0 and v
2
= v
m/s 40 2 10 2 2 = = = gh v
After the pressure is added,
2 4
2
1
10 2 ' = + v g h
2 80 20 2
10
10 4
3
4
v v = = +

= '
Rate of flow Q v
cc/s 2 10 2 = = ' Q Q
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
225. Answer (3)
In accelerating lift T = m(g a) = 3 kg wt (i)
From equation (i)
4
3
) (
3
= = a g
m
...(ii)
When immersed in water T = (m Vd)(g a) (iii)
From equation (ii) and (iii)
T = wt kg 625 . 2
4
3
) 10 10 5 4 (
3 4
= |
.
|

\
|

226. Answer (3)
2
2
[( ) ] down
9
t
r
v g = o
q
40
m/s
9
t
v =
Distance travelled =
40 8
0.2 m
9 9
=
227. Answer (1)
Let us take a small element of length dr from axis of rotation.
dr r P dp P
2
) ( e = +

e =
1
2
2
2 1
r
r
dr r P P

) (
2
2
2
2
1
2
2 1
r r P P
e
=
) (
2
2
2
2
1
2
2 1
r r
g
h h
e
=
228. Answer (1)
v F A =
|
.
|

\
|
+ = i v j
v
i
v
F

3
2

2
0
0 0
|
|
.
|

\
|
+ = j
v
i
v
F

2
3

0 0
u
v
0
v
0
i
j
k
0
v F =
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
229. Answer (2)
When block is floating,
0.02 b g = 1 g
When stone is placed on block
0.024 b g = (1 + m)g
m +
=
1
1
024 . 0
020 . 0
20 + 20 m = 24
20 m = 4
m =
20
4
=
kg
5
1
= 200 gm
230. Answer (3)
F =
) (mv
dt
d
dt
dp
=
=
2 2
v r v
dt
dm
t =
P = F.v
= r
2
v
3
231. Answer (2)
Th = T
0
+ mg i.e., T
0
= Th mg = v( )g.
When the lift is accelerated up, g
eff
= g + a so, that T = v( )(g + a).
Therefore
g
a g
T
T +
=
0
232. Answer (1)
Equating pressure on both limbs
R(1 sin)
1
g = (Rsin + Rcos)
2
g + R(1 cos)
1
g
R
u
u
u
2 1
2 1

tan
+

= u
233. Answer (2)
(Neglecting density of air)
v
D
g
D
|
.
|

\
|
tq = t
2
6
8 3
4
3
U =
4
3
t
D
3
8
g
6tq
D
2
v
v g
D
q = 6
3
2
v
g D
18
2

= q
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
234. Answer (2)
Force exerted on the water by the vane
F = ) 60 cos (
2
) 60 cos (
2
v v
Q
v v
Q

=
2

v Q v Q v Q
=

60
60
v
v
2
'
v
2
=
2
20 03 . 0 10

3

+
F = 300 N towards left
235. Answer (3)
Acceleration of the container
a = g sin g cos
=
2
45 sin g
Resultant of mg ma and should be perpendicular to surface of water
Hence along the surface of water
mg sin = ma cos( 45)
= ) 45 cos(
2
45 sin
o
mg
sin =
) 45 cos(
2
45 sin
o

o
o
o


4
5
ma
45
mg
=
|
|
.
|

\
| o
+
o
2
sin
2
cos
2 2
1
= ) sin (cos
4
1
o + o
4 sin = cos + sin
|
.
|

\
|
= o = o
3
1
tan
3
1
tan
1
236. Answer (2)
Mass of balloon = 1
2
0

V
; gm
From Boyles law
0 0
V P PV = ...(i)
Mass of balloon remains unchanged
1 1
2
0
= V
V

2
0
V
V =
...(ii)
P = 2 P
0
= 20 m of water height
Required depth = 10 m
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
237. Answer (2)
Excess of pressure
(

+ =
2 1
1 1
R R
T P
R
1
=
2
d
and R
2
=
P =
d
T
d
T
2 1 2
=
(

+
The outside pressure P
0
being in excess of the inside pressure by
d
T 2
, tends to press the two plates
by a force =
A
d
T
|
.
|

\
| 2
=
V
TA
2
2
238. Answer (1)
Weight of liquid column raised = Force due to surface tension
(R
2
r
2
)yg = T(2R + 2r)
y =
g r R
T
g r R
r R T

+
) (
2
) (
) ( 2
2 2
R
r
y
239. Answer (4)
Energy released = A
= [N(4a
2
) 4b
2
]
Energy released = Kinetic energy
] [ 4
3
4
2
1
2 2 2 3
b Na v b t o = t
3
2 2
) ( 6
b
b Na
v

o
=
as total volume is same =
3 3
3
4
3
4
b a N t = t
Na
3
= b
3
|
.
|

\
|

o
=
b a
v
1

1 6
240. Answer (1)
Work done by upthrust force = gain in potential energy of ball
(vg)h = vg(h + h)
h'
h
h
h
h
|
|
.
|

\
|

o
=

o
= ' 1
) (
.
241. Answer (2)
P
0
AH = P
1
A(H h), where P
1
is the pressure of air column trapped in the tube.
P
1
=
) (
0
h H
H P
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
Also P
1
= P
0
+ (H h)
P
1
= 2H h

H h
h H
H
2

2
= +
(2H h)(H h) = H
2
242. Answer (4)
The contact point is in equilibrium when subjected to three identical forces.
Hence angle between any two surfaces is 120
o
.
243. Answer (4)
Let true mass of body is m, then
dg
d
M
Mg dg
d
m
mg
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
2 1

|
|
.
|

\
|
|
|
.
|

\
|
=
1
2
1
1
d
d
d
d
M
m
244. Answer (4)
0
( )
h
d x g b h x dx t =
}
=
3 3
2 3
h h
g b
(

(

=
3
1
6
g bh
245. Answer (3)
Pressure at P = P
0
+ (H h)g
gauge pressure i.e., excess of pressure is (H h)g
246. Answer (2)
Weight of block = weight of displaced water + weight of displaced mercury
7.8 10 100 = 1 h 100 + 13.6 100 (10 h)
h = 4.6 cm
247. Answer (4)
3 3
4 1 4
2
3 2 3
r dg rT r g t = t + t
3
4 1
3 2
2
r g d
T
r
| |
t
|
\ .
=
t
2
1
(2 )
3
T r g d =
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
248. Answer (1)
From equilibrium if block is pushed downward by x
then,
hAgd Ag d x
h
Ag d x
h
ma
2 2
1 2
|
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
+ =
d
1
d
2
d
(in eq. Ag d
h
Ag d
h
dhAg
1 2
2 2
+ = )
dAh
Agx d d
a
) (
2 1
=
, a x
This body will execute SHM.
249. Answer (3)
After putting the block, the height of liquid level increases.
Pressure at A will be
A
Mg
g h P P + + =
0
M
P
0
250. Answer (1)
r R r R r n R 5 ) 125 ( ) (
3
1
3
1
= = =
Energy released = [125 4r
2
4(5r)
2
]
= 4r
2
[125 25]
= 400 r
2
Rise in temperature =
J s r
r
t
to
3
2
) 5 (
3
4
400
=
rJs
o
5
12
251. Answer (2)
Velocity of efflux gh 2 . Rate of flow of liquid is gh a 2
Let x is the height of liquid surface at an instant and decrease in level is
Adx =
dt gx a 2
} }
=
2
1
0

2
H
H
t
dt dx
gx a
A
H
A
a t H H
g a
A
= ) (
2
2 1
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
252. Answer (1)
Weight of liquid held between plates = Force due to surface tension
g(dh) = 2
h =
gd
o 2
253. Answer (3)
Velocity of efflux, gh V 2 =
Mass flow rate = aV
Force on vessel = aV
2
= 2agh
Mg = 2agh

h
M
a

=
2
254. Answer (2)
Before melting of ice entire weight of metal was being balanced out. Now, after sinking, entire weight of metal
is not balanced out. So, volume of displaced water is more in the former case. So, water-level will decrease.
255. Answer (3)
k
P
k
P
V
V
V
V
P
k

=
A
=
A

A
A
=
V
m
=
k
P
V
V
=
A
=

k
P
= A
256. Answer (1)
In air
A
mg
a
4
0

=
In water
|
|
.
|

\
|

o
= 1
4
0
A
mg
w

a
w a
a
w
a
w


1 1 = =

o
=
Relative density =
w a
a

=
o

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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
257. Answer (3)
Tension in rod at point P is
4
3
1
w
w +
W
1
w
3 /
stress =
A
T
=
S
w
w
4
3
1
+
258. Answer (3)
|
.
|

\
| t
+ t =
6
10 sin 3 . 0 t x
T
t
= t = e
2
10
s
5
1
10
2
= = T
Initial phase of body is =
6
t
Time required to reach mean position
e
t
=
e
|
.
|

\
| t
t
=
6
5
6

t
t
=
10
6
5
s
12
1
=
259. Answer (1)
k m
k
m
T t = 2
1
m
k
m
T
4
2
2
t =
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
m
k
k
m
T
4
2
3
t =
T
1
: T
2
: T
3
= 1 : 2 :
2
1
= 2 : 4 : 1
260. Answer (4)
Let particle starts motion from mean position and equation is y = a sint
p = a sin ...(i)
q + p = a sin2 ...(ii)
By (i) & (ii) we get amplitude
q p
p
a

=
3
2
2
261. Answer (2)
due to mg about C = mgx
= mgr sin
For small
= mgr ()
r
g
mr
mgr
I
mgr
= = = e
2
2
y
x
C
r
u
g
r
T t = 2
, r = radius of curvature
20
1
2
2
= =
dx
y d
r
|
.
|

\
|
= origin at 0
dx
dy

g
T
20
2t =
20
2 g
T
=
t
= e
262. Answer (3)
At equilibrium, 2T cos30 = mg and 2T sin30 = K(0.5 l)

l
K
3
mg 2
=
When the block goes down by a small displacement x, length of the spring decreases by x
0
=
x 3
. Now,
the restoring force is F = 2T cos30. Also 2T sin30 = K
x 3
.
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
F
rest
= 3 T =
x K 3 3
= 3Kx

g
l
T
6
3
2t = =
K
m
3
g
l
3 2
2t =
263. Answer (2)
T
2
= 2T
1
Suppose after time t, both pendulums are in phase again
t =
t

t
2
2 2
2 1
T
t
T
t

1
2
1 1
=
T
t
T
t
1
1
2
t
T
=
t = 2T
1
264. Answer (2)
Time required to 0 to
2
A
=
12
T
= T
1
Time required to
2
A
to A =
6
T
= T
2
2
1
12
6
6
12
2
1
= = =
T
T
T
T
265. Answer (4)
Let equation of particle is
p = a sint
x = a sint
Y = a sin()(t + 1)
z = a sin(t + 2)

e =
+
cos
2y
z x
266. Answer (1)
) (
2
1
2 2 2
1
x a v e = ...(i)
) (
2
2
2 2 2
2
x a v e = ...(ii)
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
2067. Answer (1)
At mean position, potential energy is minimum.
268. Answer (3)
T = mgR sin

~ mgR = I
2

36 3 12
. 12
12
2 2
2
= =

= = = e

R g
m
mgR
I
mgR
3
2
6
t
=
e
t
= = e T
R = 30 cm
mg
u
N
269. Answer (4)
4v
2
= 25 x
2
Standard Equation is v
2
=
2
(a
2
x
2
)
4

4
25
2
2
x
v =
2
5
= e a ...(i)
2
1
= e ...(ii)
2
1
7
2
=
t

t = 4 T
270. Answer (1)
Acceleration = A
2
sint
Avg. acceleration =
t
e
=
e
e }
2
2 /
0
2
2
2 /
sin
A
T
t
A
T
271. Answer (4)
Oscillation of first particle, x
1
= 8 + 3 sint,
First particle oscillates between 5 and 11. Second particle oscillates between 4 and 4.
Collision is not possible between x
1
and x
2
.
272. Answer (2)
The separation is x = x
1
x
2
= 8 + 3 sint 4 cost. For x to be minimum,
0 =
dt
dx
273. Answer (2)
Time period of compound pendulum
Mgd
I
T t = 2
3
2
3 3
2 2 2
ml ml ml
I = + =
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
M = 2 m
4
60 cos
2
l l
d = =

Putting these values, we get
g
l
T
3
4t =
274. Answer (2)
=
1
T
2
T
=

72
5
4 2 2
=
t

t
T
T
T
T
275. Answer (1)
Elongation in spring in equilibrium g
k
M m ) ( +
=
After removal mean position
k
mg
=
M
m
k
Hence amplitude is
k
Mg
276. Answer (2)
Time period of particle is 4 s. In 3 s, particle will complete th
4
3
oscillation.
Distance travelled = 3a
277. Answer (3)
Time period of physical pendulum
mgd
I
T t = 2
278. Answer (4)
Time period of physical pendulum is
mgd
I
T t = 2
. I = ml
2
, d = l 2 1.88 s
l
g
t =
279. Answer (2)
Time period of physical pendulum
mgd
I
T t = 2
280. Answer (3)
k
1
k
2
Let the disc is displaced by a distance x from mean position
l x
0
+
l x
0
2
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
2
2
2 2
2
4
3
2 2
1
2
1
KE mv
r
v mr
mv = + =
2
) 4 ( ) 2 (
2
1
2
1
PE
2
2 1
2
2
2
1
x
k k x k x k + = + =
For S.H.M., mechanical energy is constant
M.E. = KE + PE
2
) 4 (
4
3
2
2 1
2
x
k k mv + + = ...(i)
Differentiate (i) w.r.t. time to get
x
m
k k
dt
x d
|
.
|

\
| +
=
2 1
2
2
4
280a. Answer (3) (IIT-JEE 2009)
Restoring torque
=
2
2 2
l l
k
| |
u
|
\ .
u
u
kx
klu
2
kx kl = u
2
=
2

2
kl u
=
I
t
=
2
2

2
12
kl
ml
u
=
6

k
m
u
=
2

=
6k
m
=
2 f t
281. Answer (1)
At mean position, KE is maximum and PE is minimum
(KE)
max
+ U
min
= 9J
(KE)
max
+ 5 = 9
KE
max
=
2 2
2
1
4 e = ma
2 2
) 01 . 0 ( 2
2
1
4 e =
T
t
= = = e
2
200
01 . 0
2
s
100
t
= T
282. Answer (4)
2
2
2 2
5
2
2
1
2
1
KE
R
mR mv
e
+ =
PE = mgR (1 cos) ( h = R R cos)
R cosu
R
h
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
5 2
1
PE KE
2 2
2
e
+ = +
MR
mv ) cos 1 ( u + mgR ...(i)
Differentiate equation w.r.t. time, take
2 2
sin
u
~ |
.
|

\
| u
283. Answer (1)
Time period
2
1
2
2
2
1
2
|
|
.
|

\
|
t +
|
|
.
|

\
|
t =
k
m
k
m
2
1
k
m
k
m
t + t =
k
m
k
m
36 . 5 ) 71 . 0 1 ( = + t =
284. Answer (4)
2 2
1 1
( ) v A = e o
A
1
=
2
2 2 1
v
g
o +

285. Answer (3)


Reference direction of is anticlockwise
t = 0
o

e
e
1
1
sin
A
| | o
| = t
|
\ .

286. Answer (3)


Tension in each spring is same
So, k
1
x
1
= k
2
x
2
= k
3
x
3
x
1
: x
2
: x
3
= 3 : 1.5 : 1
2
1 1 1
2
1
x k U =
2
2 2 2
2
1
x k U =
2
3 3 3
2
1
x k U =
U
1
: U
2
: U
3
= x
1
: x
2
: x
3
= 3 :
2
3
: 1
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
287. Answer (1)
T = 20 N
l
y
T f
4
=

l
T
k
4
=
Time period =
T
ml
k
m
4
2 2 t = t
=
0.1 0.2
2 0.03
4 20

t = t

288. Answer (4)


At mean position, F = 2x + 4 = 2(x 2)
F = 0 is at x = 2 and motion is SHM.
289. Answer (4)
3 2
2
0
dU p q
F
dx x x
= = + =

2p
x
q
=
Equilibrium position of particle at
2p
x
q
=
2
'
p
f
q
m
| |
|
\ .
e =
2
4
2
'
R
p
x
dF p
f
q dx
=
| |
=
|
\ .
=
4
3
8
q
p
4
3
8
q
mp
e =
290. Answer (1)
h is the height of cube inside water
1
9 . 0
10
=

A
A h
h = 9 cm
09486 . 0
1000
9
2 2 ~ t = t =
g
h
T
= 2 0.3 s
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
291. Answer (1)
For physical pendulum
mgd
I
T t = 2 .
2
2
12
Md
Ml
I + = , solve for d.
292. Answer (3)
2 2
2
1
) 2 (
2
1
KE mv v m + =
2
) 2 (
2
1
PE x k =
u
m
x
v
2
v
2
x
m
Total energy =
2 2 2
4 1 1
(4 )
2 2
kx mv mv

+ +

2 2
5 4
2 2
mv kx
= + ...(i)
Differentiate (i) w.r.t. time
0 . 4 5 = + v kx
dt
dv
mv
x
m
k
dt
dv
.
5
4
=
m
k
5
4
2
= e
293. Answer (2)
At equilibrium,
m
B
gR sin = m
A
gR

6
t
= u
4kg, = 1 R
1 kg ( ) m
A
2

k
g
m
B
u
For small displacement,
m
A
gR m
B
gR sin( + ) =
2
2
dt
Id |
2 2
2
2
R M R M
MR
I
B A
+ + =
Take sin and cos 1,
| =
|
3 2
2
2
dt
d
294. Answer (1)
m
k

y
z
x
2x = y + z ...(i)
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
At equilibrium
T = mg ...(ii)
ky
T
=
2
...(iii)
kz
T
=
2
...(iv)
T = k (y + 2)
T = k(2x) T = 2kx
m
2
ax = 2kax
m
k 2
2
= e
295. Answer (4)
Sum of KE and PE
2
2
2 2
2
2
1
2 2
1
2
1
kx
R
v MR
Mv + + =
2 2 2
2
1
4
1
2
1
kx Mv Mv + + = = constant
x
M,R
2 2
2
1
4
3
kx Mv + = constant ...(i)
Differentiate (i) w.r.t. time
0 2
2
1
4
3
2
= + xv k
dt
dv
v M
0
2 4
3
= +
kx
Ma
x x
M
k
a
2
3
2
e = =
k
M
2
3
2
= e
k
M
T
2
3
2t =
295(a). Answer (4) IIT-JEE 2008
2
2
r
I
M
kx
a
+
=
with a =
2
x

2
2
r
I
M
k
+
= e

M
k
3
4
=
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
296. Answer (1)
2
2
2
2 sin
4
R
T x
F T
x
= u =
+

/2
x
u
u
4
R
T
F x =

47
m
e =

0.04 1
2 3.14 0.2 s
4 10
m
T
T

= t = =

297. Answer (2)


Displacement of particles 1, 2, is
2
A
To get separation between two particles having displacements of amplitudes
2
A
we have
2
A
= A sin (Kx t)
Kx =
6
5
,
6
t t
(at t = 0)
1 2
3 4
x
y
x
2
x
1
=
3

separation between 1 & 2 is


3

= 4cm or = 12 cm
For two particles having same displacement equal to amplitude, distance = 12 cm
298. Answer (4)
=
v
V
= 6 m
t
| A
2
=

Ax
=
6
1
2 t
=
3
t
S
1
is lagging in path, so in phase as well
299. Answer (3)
In an open organ pipe, both ends are free ends, hence both are displacement antinodes & hence pressure
nodes.
300. Answer (1)
y(x, t) = 2
) 2 (
4
t x +
v
p
= 3
) 2 (
16
t x
dt
dy
+
=
v
p
(x = 2, t = 2) = m/s
27
2
.
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
301. Answer (4)
f
1
=
L
V
4
. 3
f
2
=
' L
V
=
6
5L
V
=
L
V
5
6
2
1
f
f
=
6
5
4
3

=
8
5
302. Answer (4)
10 m
f =
5
1
Hz
= 2 10 = 20. As v = f ,
v = 4 m/s
303. Answer (3)
f
observer to relative speed Wave
' =
m 34 33
330
340
' = =
+
=
e
f
v v
.
304. Answer (3)
For wave y = A sin(t kx), v
0
= A
At y =
2
A
, sin(t kx) =
2
1

dt
dy
= A cos(t kx) =
2
3
0
v .
305. Answer (1)
As source approaches detector, frequency received by detector increases. So energy received by detector per
unit time increases.
306. Answer (3)
f
A
~ f
B
= beat frequency
f
A
= f
B
beat (i)
f
B
= f
A
beat (ii)
If B is loaded f
B
decreases and f
A
remains same from (i) f
B
= 208 or 216.
If f
B
= 208, then on loading, f
B
decreases and beat frequency increases so f
B
= 216 Hz.
307. Answer (4)
y
1
= (5 10
5
) sin(100 t) ; at x = 0
y
2
= (5 10
5
) sin(100 t+ ) ; at x = 3 m
where,
t
|
2
=

Ax
t
|
2
=
6
3
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
=
y
2
y
1
= (10 10
5
m) |
.
|

\
| |
+ t
|
2
100 cos .
2
sin t
Maximum difference in displacements = (10 10
5
m)
2
sin
|
= 10
4
m
308. Answer (3)
u =
v
I
; I = Intensity = constant
I = 2
2

2
A
2
v
u =
v
I
= 2
2

2
A
2

i.e. u
309. Answer (3)
There is no power transmission in a standing wave.
310. Answer (2)
V
A m
2 2
2
1 e
= Energy density
2 2
2
1
A e = 0.16
2
Putting values of and A,
= 400
Frequency = 200 Hz
311. Answer (3)
m/s 2 =
e
=
k
v
v =

T
2 =

10 m
|
.
|

\
|
= = =
Al
m
A
l
m

m = 0.004 kg.
312. Answer (1)
B
C
5 m
A
F
Velocity of motorist = 36 km/hr = 10 m/s
2 2 2 2
( ) ( ) 5 = + = + AB AF BF x

2 2
2 5 + = + AB BC x

2 2
330 2 5 = + x
Solving we get 164.9 165 = x
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
313. Answer (2)
f is constant till car approaches traffic signal, given by
0
f
v v
v
f
s

=
but f > f
0
.
f is constant, while car moves away given by
0
f
v v
v
f
s
+
=
f < f
0
.
314. Answer (1)
P is maximum at x, where y is minimum
0 =
dx
dy
So x = 34 . 0
100
34
= .
315. Answer (4)
f
max
=
f
R v
v
|
.
|

\
|
e
20 cm
s
v R = = 200 e
f
min
=
f
R v
v
|
.
|

\
|
e +
13
53

min
max
=
e
e +
=
R v
R v
f
f
.
316. Answer (1)
Loudness = 10 log
0
I
I
dB
L = 0, when I = I
0
317. Answer (1)
Maximum pressure amplitude of wave can be at most equal to atmospheric pressure
2 5 2
7 2 0
(1.01 10 )
1.18 10 W/m
2 2 1.3 332
A
= = =

p
I
ev
7
12
0
10
10 log 10log 190
10

= ~
I
L dB
I
318. Answer (3)

=
v
f f
1
f
2
=
3
10
3
10
01 . 1 1
=
v v
v = 337 m/s.
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
319. Answer (3)
L
V
L
V
2 4
2 1
=
V
1
= 2V
2
= 660 m/s
This is speed of sound in gas at 30C.
If V is speed of sound in gas at 7C.
1
V
V
=
300
280
V = 638 m/s
320. Answer (2)
Let speed of wave be v. For crossing one wave crests to other while travelling in same direction, the surfing
speed has to be greater than speed of wave i.e. V < 15 m/s
Let wavelength of wave be m
While surfing in same direction
= (15 - v) 0.8
While surfing in opposite direction, = (15 + v) 0.8
Equating both, we get
v =
7
15
m/s
= 10.3 m.
321. Answer (1)
T = T
1
+
x
l
T T
|
.
|

\
|
1 2

v = T k
|
.
|

\
|
=
l
T T
dt
dT
1 2

.
dt
dx
=
|
.
|

\
|
l
T T
k
1 2

T

}
2
1
T
T
T
dT
=
}
|
.
|

\
|
t
dt
l
T T
k
0
1 2

t =
( )
2 1
2
T T k
L
+
322. Answer (4)
An open pipe and closed pipe of equal length cannot have same frequency at any harmonic.
323. Answer (1)
L
V
4
. 3 = 330
L = m
4
3

m
L
|
.
|

\
|
+ = =
8
1
4
1
m
8
3
2
=
330
330
=
v
V
= 1 m
L/2
x = 0
x = m
8
1
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
x = 0 is a pressure node and mid-point of organ pipe is at x =
8
1
m.
P =
x P

t
A
2
sin
0
=
8
1
1
2
sin
0
x P
t
A
=
4
sin
0
t
AP
=
2
P
0
A
324. Answer (1)
V
AB
=

T 2
V
AC
=

2 =
AC
AB
V
V
.
325. Answer (1)
Time taken by pulse to travel a distance x from bottom is
2 =
x
t
g
In this time the distance fallen by particle in its free fall motion is
2
1
( )
2
= L x gt

3
L
from the bottom
326. Answer (1)
1
2
=
T
f
L M
' '
=
f T
f T
6 1.44 +
=
f T
f T
f = 30 Hz
''
''
=

f
f
[As = + 0.20 = 1.20 ]
30
'' 25 Hz
1.2
= = f
f = f f = 25 30 = 5Hz
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Mechanics Success Magnet (Solutions)
327. Answer (4)
I
A
=
1
4
) 2 ( 4
;
) 1 ( 4
2 2
=
t
=
t
B
A
B
I
I P
I
P
I A
2
f
2
2
|
.
|

\
|
=
B
A
B
A
A
A
I
I

1
2
=
B
A
A
A
.
328. Answer (4)
y
L

=
mass of length y
m =
Y
L
|
.
|

\
|
m =
L
y
2
2

. T = mg + ma
dy
L
y
3g

yg
T
v 2 =

=
u increases with y
a =
g
y
g
yg
dy
dv
v = =
2
2
2
t =
g
L 2
.
|
|
.
|

\
|
= on accelerati uniform for
2
g
H
t
329. Answer (4)
I f
2
A
2
330. Answer (2)
For a wave moving towards +xaxis, particles on the positive slope are moving down ward.
At the instant, C is moving downwards and wave is travelling left.
331. Answer (3)
Option (2) and (4) are obviously wrong as for standing waves two wave should travel in opposite direction for
standing wave
y = 2[cos(4x t) cos (4x + t)]
= 2 2 sin 4x sin t
for node
sin4x = 0
As at x = 0 there exists a node.
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Success Magnet (Solutions) Mechanics
332. Answer (2)
The beats frequency heard are 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 8.
The combinations 552, 553, 555 and 560 Hz can give all the above frequencies.
333. Answer (3)
l = l
1
+ l
2
+ l
3
+ ---.
Also
=
=
,
2
,
2
2
2
1
1
f
n
f
n

f
1
=
2 1
1 1
f f
+
...........
334. Answer (2)
For n loops,
2

=
n

L = 15 cm.