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Calculx linear static studies

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Index:

Abstract .....................................................................................................................................2 Thick cylinder under internal pressure........................................................................................2 Rotating thick cylinder................................................................................................................6 Flat circular plate under pressure: clamped edge.......................................................................8 Flat circular plate under pressure: simply supported edge .......................................................11 Rectangular plate simply supported under uniform pressure....................................................17 Toroidal shell under internal pressure ......................................................................................19 Curved beam ...........................................................................................................................21 Buckling of a rectangular plate under compression..................................................................24 NAFEMS LE1 ..........................................................................................................................25 NAFEMS LE5 ..........................................................................................................................29 NAFEMS LE6 ..........................................................................................................................31 NAFEMS LE3 ..........................................................................................................................32 References ..............................................................................................................................34

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1.

Abstract

The aim of this job is to compare FEA results with theory results of simple problems in structural mechanic.

2.

(File: TC1_calculix.inp; TC1Co_calculix.inp, TC1Asym_calculix.inp) A thick cylinder of 200 mm inner diameter and 50 mm thick, is subjected to an internal pressure of 8 MPa.

Model description summary Material Type of analysis Type of elements (Calculix elements library)

Elastic with elastic modulus of 2e5 MPa and Poissons ratio of 0,3 Plane stress formulation CPS8

From the solver the radial and the hoop stresses are depicted on next figures.

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On next table the results form theory and from the solver. R (mm) 100 110 120 130 140 150 Radial stress Theory -8,00 -5,50 -3,60 -2,12 -0,95 0 CCX -7,96 -5,47 -3,58 -2,11 -0,94 0,0033 Theory 20,80 18,30 16,40 14,92 13,75 12,80 Hoop stress CCX 20,82 18,33 16,42 14,94 13,76 12,80

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Radial stress Theory -8,00 -4,98 -2,82 -1,22 0 CCX -7,74 -4,91 -2,64 -1,14 0,012 Theory 20,80 17,78 15,62 14,02 12,80

For the same scope is possible utilize CAX8 elements for axis symmetric study. Next pictures describe the radial (SXX) and hoop stress (SZZ).

fig. 4

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fig. 5

3.

(File: TC2.inp) A cylinder, 200 mm outer diameter and 50 mm thick, rotates at 2400 r.p.m. The density equals 7600 kg/m3 and the Poissons ratio equals 0,3. Theoretical and CCX values of maximum hoop stress and radial stress are respectively:

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Theory

CCX

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Note: Version 2.3 of CCX for Windows sometimes gives problems with the card *TRANSFORM and so I had considered a quarter of model instead an half or 1/6 NOTE2: Figures 4 and 5 show the hoop stress and the radial stress in cylindrical coordinates. Its possible in CGX typing trfm cyl z

4.

(File: PL1asym.inp; PL1tetra.inp; PL1hexa.inp) A flat circular plate of 120 mm diameter and 6,35 mm thick, is subjected to an uniform pressure of 0,345 MPa. Elastic modulus of 2e5 MPa and Poissons ratio of 0,3

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The theoretical value of the maximum deflection from theory equals 0,0149 mm if the edge is clamped. Theory 0,0149 mm CCX (CAX8) 0,0155 mm CCX (C3D10) 0,0153 mm CCX (C3D20) 0,0155 mm

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(File: PL2asym.inp; PL2tetra.inp; PL2hexa.inp) A flat circular plate of 100 mm diameter and 5 mm thick, is subjected to an uniform pressure of 0,35 MPa. The edge is simply supported. Elastic modulus of 2e5 MPa and Poissons ratio of 0,3. The theoretical value of the maximum deflection from theory equals 0,061 mm if the edge is simply supported.

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CCX (CAX8) CCX (C3D10) Deflection at the center 0,0616 mm 0,0615 mm Maximum radial stress 43,8 MPa 43,3 MPa

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6.

(File: PL3.inp) A rectangular plate (100x50x2,5 mm) simply supported at the four edges is subjected to a constant pressure of 1MPa. E 200000 MPa; 0,3 CCX (S8) Max 1 (at the center) 244,08 MPa 247,9 MPa Maximum displacement (at the center) 0,222 mm 0,225 mm Theory

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7.

A toroidal pressure vessel made of steel, is subjected to an internal pressure of 10 MPa and it has the following dimension referred to next picture:

Theory CCX (CAX8) Tangential stress: Max 1 (b = 100 mm) 225 MPa 225,9 MPa Axial stress (b = 100 mm) 100 MPa 85,3 101,1 MPa Theory CCX (CAX8) Radius variation Point A (r = 400 mm) +0,065 +0,062 mm Radius variation Point B (r = 600 mm) +0,135 +0,121 mm

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Curved beam

A curved beam (section 200 th 90) of inner radius of 300 mm and outer radius of 500 mm is subjected to a traction force of 300 kN. Elastic modulus of 2e5 MPa and Poissons ratio of 0,3. Theory 257 -154 CCX (CPE6) 260,4 -156,5 CCX (CPS6) CCX (CPE8) Maximum principal stress MPa 262,5 262,2 Minimum principal stress MPa -157,5 -158,1 CCX (CPS8) 265,2 -160,1 CCX (C3D10) 261,7 -157,1

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A rectangular plate (100x50x2,5 mm) simply supported at the edges, is subjected to a uniform compression, along the short edges, of 100 MPa. E 200000 MPa; 0,3 (File: Buck1S8.inp; ) Theory 18,077 CCX (S8) Buckling factor 17,959

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NAFEMS LE1

From NAFEMS publication TNSB, Rev. 3, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks, October 1990, the result for a elliptic membrane subjected to uniform outward pressure is yy = 92,7 MPa at point D (see next figure). Material: Linear elastic, Youngs modulus = 210 GPa, Poissons ratio = 0.3 Target solution: Tangential edge stress yy at D is 92.7MPa In CCX the results is obtained from several type of elements.

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NAFEMS

CCX (CPS8)

CCX (CPE8)

CCX (CPE6)

CCX (CPS6)

92,7

92,8 +0,1%

88,5 -4,5%

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fig. 31: Tangential y-y stress with CPE6 elements and mesh refinement at a point

11.

NAFEMS LE5

Test LE5 from NAFEMS publication TNSB, Rev. 3, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks, October 1990. Target solution: Axial stress, zz = - 108 MPa at mid-surface, point A. Material: Linear elastic, Youngs modulus = 210 GPa, Poissons ratio = 0.3 The cantilever is subjected to a torsion of 1,2 MNm

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NAFEMS LE6

Test LE6 from NAFEMS Publication TNSB, Rev. 3, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks, October 1990. Target solution: Maximum principal stress = 0.802 MPa on the lower surface at point E. Material: Linear elastic, Youngs modulus = 210 GPa, Poissons ratio = 0.3 Plate subjected to uniform pressure of 0,7 KPa

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NAFEMS LE3

This is a test recommended by the National Agency for Finite Element Methods and Standards (U.K.): Test LE3 from NAFEMS publication TNSB, Rev. 3, The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks, October 1990. Target solution: ux = 185 mm at point A. CCX results with S8 shell elements: ux = 193 mm; error = +4,3%

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14.

References

Roarks formulas for stress and strain Seventh edition McGraw Hill The Standard NAFEMS Benchmarks October 1990

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