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Journalistic Style Of Writing

Examples of Introductory Paragraph:


Do not grocery list Use transitions Hold your readers hand throughout Touch some emotion

Eulogy for Alina Tanner Alinas passing is going to be a rough time for all of us. Our thoughts and prayers are with her mom, stepdad, uncle, and siblings whom she lived with and loved very much. She used to tell me stories about her familys crazy Saturday night parties that were so much fun. I remember one time we were at her neighborhood pool and she completely freaked out because she saw a huge cockroach which was always one of her greatest fears. Another time I treasure with her was when she was name Athlete of the Year for her high school. Basketball, volleyball, and tennis were in her blood. Finally, Im so honored to have experienced the things she always wanted to do with her from skydiving, to the Bruno Mars concert, to traveling the world. Even though these were all later in her life, I made sure it all happened before these last few months. We love you Alina, and hope youre smiling down on us!

Dear Santa, This year for Christmas, Im thinking about some stuff for my room like a Patriots poster because every Sunday I sit on my couch and watch their game. When Im not on the couch, Im outside playing football. Speaking of which, my football is ripped because it got thrown into a bush of thorns-Yikes! So I was also thinking a new football would be nice. The thing, I want the most is to get/give my dad an Atlanta Falcons hat because my dad is my role-model and he loves the Falcons. You probably have seen him being there for me all the time. He really is the greatest dad. That is why I would like to get him the hat. I understand if you cant get me a Patriots poster and stuff for my room, but please give me the hat for my dad and the football. Since my dad loves to watch football with me, play football with me and spend any time that he can with me, I would really like the hat for him and the football for us. Well, now onto more important things for you. What kind of cookies would you like this year? My favorite are sugar cookies because that is what my mom makes whenever she wants to make me feel special. Cant wait to see you. Or see what you leave for me. Love, John Anderson

Favorite sport memory Favorite holiday memory Favorite summer memory Teacher you will never forget Future plans Career path Some of your talents Greatest fear Change about your past Change about the world Idol Inspiration Pet peeves Bucket list Most embarrassing moment Scariest thing to ever happen Broken bones, stitches, accidents, hospital visits, etc. Funny stories involving siblings

Examples of Questions:

Examples of how to introduce to the class:


Commercial Obituary Poem Song News Report Breaking News Sports Report Grammy Award Heisman Trophy Winner Missing Persons Report Wanted Person Report Application to a college or job Resignation from a job Letter to Santa

Two Column Notes


Vocabulary Wordtab tab tab TAB TAB TAB

Vocabulary Wordtab tab tab

TAB TAB TAB

Vocabulary Wordtab tab tab

TAB TAB TAB

Definition of vocabulary word in 2nd column examples here Definition of vocabulary word in 2nd column examples here Definition of vocabulary word in 2nd column examples here

the title of a newspaper article


President speaks to elementary students Chicago in for long, cold winter Hurricane hits hard Title : Book :: __________ : Article

the title of an article which stretches across the entire page

A secondary title of the article located under the headline giving the reader more information about the article

the line identifying the reporter who wrote the article


By Josh Green By Marisa Lorton By Ben Johnson Author : book :: ____________ : article

the information under a photo, also known as the caption

where the article took place


Years ago Washington, D.C.- (August 18, 1774) Today Washington, D.C.-

where the article took place


Years ago Washington, D.C.- (August 18, 1774) Today Washington, D.C.-

the list of the main contents of a newspaper and the page number where they appear

Table of contents: book::______:newspaper

a notation telling the reader an article continues on another page


Ex. See ELECTION, page A7

organizations which sell news and pictures from distant cities to local news sources
Ex. The Associated Press is the most popular

when an article must be complete or paper is to go to press

short news or informational items used to fill small spaces on a page


Ex. www.gwinnettdailypost.com To subscribe to the AJC call 770-945-4545

articles containing facts by answering the 5Ws and which are time-sensitive

Who? What? Where? When? Why? How?


There are six and one is an H.

Make a board game with all of the vocab words- must have clear directions and all pieces needed to play Make a mini word wall using all of the vocabulary words with definition and examples Create a journalism rap or poem using at least 10 of the vocab words- must be clear what each word means Make a crossword puzzle or word search with all of the vocabulary words. Word search must have definitions as clue. Ask me how! (Can only do one of each of these) Go to http://puzzlemaker.discoveryeducation.com Make flash cards for all of the vocab words with definitions and examples Create a collage by cutting out examples 10 of the vocabulary words from the paper and writing the word next to the example Make a WORDLE (wordle.net) for at least 12 vocabulary words (printed on 2 sides with 6 vocab words on each side). Type the vocab word in capital letters and the definition in lowercase letters. Put ( - ) between each word of definition. Do not print the ones with the black backgrounds. Create your own idea and get approved by Ms. Gallaher! Be creative!

Must complete two of the assignments in black or one in red for a project grade BE CREATIVE!

Most important part of the article Summarizes the entire article One declarative sentence 25 words or less Answers the 5Ws Dont start with dates, times, or places Grabs the readers attention

* Leads and Headlines are the most read part of the newspaper

NEW YORK Superstorm Sandy left millions without power or mass transit along the East Coast Tuesday. NEW YORK As Superstorm Sandy marched slowly inland, millions along the East Coast awoke Tuesday without power or mass transit, with huge swaths of the nation's largest city unusually vacant and dark.

A Lilburn family was displaced by a strike of lightning on Thursday. Summer lightning storms continued to wreak havoc of Gwinnett residents when a Lilburn family of five was displaced by a powerful strike that sparked a fire.

How to write a summary lead?


Who? What? Where? When? Why? How?

1. Find the answers to the 5Ws from in information you have collected about the event.

2.

3.

Next, decide which is most important and would interest your readers most. Then arrange the remaining 5Ws is order of decreasing importance. Finally, make it interesting. Dont lose your reader in the first paragraph. Keep in mind that a writer becomes an expert only through rewriting. Never be satisfied with your first product.

Summary Leads
Who? A 68-year-old man What? Arrested Where? Buford Walmart When? Friday

Who? An 8-year-old boy What? kidnapped Where? From his parents home in Suwanee When? Saturday

Who? A 68-year-old man, Benjamin Stackhouse What? arrested Where? Buford Walmart parking lot When? Friday night about 7 p.m. Why? Shoplifting a gas grill, hammock, and toothpaste How? Stuffed the toothpaste in his jacket and rolled the grill and hammock out to his truck without paying for it.

Who? An 8-year-old boy, Johnny Netters What? Forcibly kidnapped Where? Parents home in Suwanee, GA When? Saturday morning about 11 a.m. Why? Left unsupervised for two hours in front yard playing basketball with two neighborhood friends How? White van pulled up and asked for help to find a puppy

Write a lead for this picture that aims to answer the readers most urgent questions: who, what, where, when, why, and how

Write a lead for this picture that aims to answer the readers most urgent questions: who, what, where, when, why, and how

Who? Tamara Bell, a 24-year-old stay-at-home mom from Sugar Hill, GA What? Was trapped in an elevator with her three children ages 3, 5, and 7 for 8 hours Where? The United Nations building in downtown Atlanta When? Yesterday about 6:15 p.m. Why? Elevator got stuck between two floors: the 4th and 5th floor How? Firefighters report the elevator was one year overdue for its inspection and faulty equipment was to blame for the incident

Write three leads using the hypothetical scenarios below. Remember the criteria which makes a good lead. After you write all three leads, put a star next to the one you think is the best.

The football team won Fridays game 17-14 at North Gwinnett High School. Kicker Dave Smith was tackled after kicking winning field goal. Fridays victory meant the team clinched the league title, and will go to the district playoffs, which will begin next week. Score had been tied 14-14 since halftime. Field goal was kicked with two seconds remaining on the clock. When tackled, Smith suffered a dislocated ankle. The ankle injury requires surgery. Smith learned Friday morning that he had been awarded a fulltuition football scholarship to Iowa State University.

Write three leads using the hypothetical scenarios below. Remember the criteria which makes a good lead. After you write all three leads, put a star next to the one you think is the best.

The Lanier Longhorns basketball team played at North Gwinnett High School Won Tuesdays game, 45-44 Lewis received a call earlier that week from Virginia Tech University and was offered a full-tuition basketball scholarship. Virginia Tech has not announced yet if they will withdraw the scholarship offer. Center, Kevin Lewis made the winning shot at the final buzzer Tuesdays victory meant the team are league champions and will go to the district playoffs, which begin next week. The game was tied at 42-42 with 10 seconds left. When Kevin Lewis shot his game winner 3-pointer, he came down on the defenders foot. Lewis suffered a dislocated ankle and was rushed to the hospital. The ankle injury requires surgery.

A pre-organizational pattern which is used for Hard News Articles


The most important information Answers Who? What? Where? and When?

Lead Background Information

Information which supports the lead The causes and effects Answers why? and how?

Other Details

Details not needed to understand the article will be left for last. Layout and Design can cut off if there is not enough room for entire article

A pre-organizational pattern which is used for Hard News Articles

Reporters

Helps reporter write articles faster and give order to their article
Helps so the reporter does not leave out any important information

Readers
Layout & Design

Allows the readers to get the most important information by just reading the headlines and the lead paragraph

Allow Layout & Design to get articles to fit in the space available without cutting off any important information in the article

Wild pig causes two-hour traffic delay on I-94


(MyTown, USA)- A 15-minute operation involving a forklift, 20 firefighters, seven police officers, and one scared pig ended a two-hour traffic delay on Interstate 94 Sunday morning. The wild pig, whom the fireman affectionately nicknamed "Tailgate," apparently wandered onto 1-94 around 8 a.m. and fell asleep in the middle of the two-lane freeway. St. Paul resident Geoffrey Saint was the first to come upon the 200-pound animal. "He practically took up the whole road," Saint said. "I barely slammed on my breaks in time." Saint said the cars behind him followed suit, each stopping short after reaching speeds of up to 70 mph. Saint stayed in his car and phoned area police, who responded at 8:20 a.m. Lieutenant Terry Frank was the first officer on the scene. "I couldn't believe my eyes," Frank said. "Here was this huge, sloppy pig, just napping in the middle of the road, oblivious to what was going on around him." Frank said she attempted to rouse the pig by poking him with a stick. "He just kept on snoring," she said. By 9 a.m., three fire trucks and four patrol cars had responded to the "sleeping pig" call. "We just sat there and wondered what in the world we could do," Frank said.
By Joe Student

A Lawrenceville man wanted on charges of vehicular homicide turned himself in to police this week. Joseph Ascot is charged with second-degree vehicular homicide, a misdemeanor, stemming from a February traffic accident that led to the death of Rebecca Gongar. Ascot caused the accident at the intersection of Lawrenceville-Suwanee Road and Greenvale Drive on Feb. 7 police said. Gongar, who drove the other car involved, died of her injuries May 3. Ascot turned himself in Wednesday after an investigator informed the suspects attorney he was being charged, said Gwinnett police spokesman Cpl. David Sterling. Police dont believe alcohol or drugs were involved in the incident, Sterling said. Ascot posted $3,500 bond and was released from the Gwinnett County Jail hours after his booking.

A Lawrenceville man wanted on charges of vehicular homicide turned himself in to police this week. Joseph Ascot is charged with seconddegree vehicular homicide, a misdemeanor, stemming from a February traffic accident that led to the death of Rebecca Gongar. Ascot caused the accident at the intersection of Lawrenceville-Suwanee Road and Greenvale Drive on Feb. 7 police said. Gongar, who drove the other car involved, died of her injuries May 3. Ascot turned himself in Wednesday after an investigator informed the suspects attorney he was being charges, said

A Lawrenceville man wanted on charges of vehicular homicide turned himself in to police this week. Joseph Ascot is charged with second-degree vehicular homicide, a misdemeanor, stemming from a February traffic accident that led to the death of Rebecca Gongar. Ascot caused the accident at the intersection of Lawrenceville-Suwanee Road and Greenvale Drive on Feb. 7 police said. Gongar, who drove the other car involved, died of her injuries May 3. Ascot turned himself in Wednesday after an investigator informed the suspects attorney he was being charged, said Gwinnett police spokesman Capt. David Sterling. Police dont believe alcohol or drugs were involved in the incident, Sterling said. Ascot posted $3,500 bond and was released from the Gwinnett County Jail hours after his booking.

A Lawrenceville man wanted on charges of vehicular homicide turned himself in to police this week. Joseph Ascot is charged with seconddegree vehicular homicide, a misdemeanor, stemming from a February traffic accident that led to the death of Rebecca Gongar. Ascot caused the accident at the intersection of Lawrenceville-Suwanee Road and Greenvale Drive on Feb. 7 police said. Gongar, who drove the other car involved, died of her injuries May 3.

Ascot turned himself in Wednesday after an investigator informed the suspects attorney he was being charges, said

#1- The football team won Fridays game 17-14 at North Gwinnett High School. #2- Kicker Dave Smith was tackled after kicking winning field goal. #3- Fridays victory meant the team clinched the league title, and will go to the district playoffs, which will begin next week. #4- Score had been tied 14-14 since halftime. #5- Field goal was kicked with two seconds remaining on the clock. #6- When tackled, Smith suffered a dislocated ankle. The ankle injury requires surgery. #7- Smith learned Friday morning that he had been awarded a full-tuition football scholarship to Iowa State University.

BUFORD, GA- The Lanier Longhorns clinched the division title after their 17-14 victory Friday night at their home football game. The score against the visiting team, the North Gwinnett Bulldogs, was 14-14 since halftime. With two seconds left on the clock in the 4th quarter, Coach Kevin Sloan put his kicker, David Smith, in for a 38-yard field goal. He was our only hope, and I knew he could do it, Sloan said. Smith made the field goal making the final score 17-14 at the final whistle securing the Longhorns a place in the playoffs which begin next week. As Smith kicked the winning field goal, he was tackled by two Bulldog defenders and dislocated his ankle. Smith was rushed to the hospital after the win only to be told by doctors he needs surgery on his ankle and that his role in the playoffs will be from the bench. I am upset that I will not be able to play in the playoffs but am happy because before the game, I was offered a full-scholarship from Iowa State University, Smith said. The Longhorns play Saturday at Peachtree High School at 7 p.m.

#1-The Lanier Longhorns basketball team played at North Gwinnett High School #2- Won Tuesdays game, 45-44 #3- Lewis received a call earlier that week from Virginia Tech University and was offered a full-tuition basketball scholarship. #4- Virginia Tech has not announced yet if they will withdraw the scholarship offer. #5- Center, Kevin Lewis made the winning shot at the final buzzer #6- Tuesdays victory meant the team are league champions and will go to the district playoffs, which begin next week. #7- The game was tied at 42-42 with 10 seconds left. #8- When Kevin Lewis shot his game winner 3-pointer, he came down on the defenders foot. #9- Lewis suffered a dislocated ankle and was rushed to the hospital. #10- The ankle injury requires surgery.

An article expressing the opinions of the reporters, editors, or publishers

State your opinion without saying, My opinion is, I think that, or I believe Dont start with question unless most people will agree Hook the reader

2
Reason for Opinion
Strong reasons appealing to the most people possible Dont use I, me, my, or you

Opinion

Suggestions or

4
Suggestions are possible Tell the reader how it will benefit them

Benefits

Facts to Support Opinion

3
Use facts from reliable sources Site sources (www.presidentialelection.com, Sept. 8, 2009).

Conclusion: Leave your reader with a lasting statement to convince them to agree with your opinion

Obesity is one of the worst problems the US has been facing in years. It has hit all the small and big cities in America and is becoming an epidemic worldwide. The obesity problem can be summed up into a few causes: the mouth watering fast food restaurants, TV, and many sedentary lifestyles. Not only that, but mainly lack of physical activity. The Surgeon General has recommended people of all ages to get at least 60 minutes of PE every day. With the entire time spent put into these programs many children will easily exceed in that category. Only 15.1% middle schools in Georgia of schools have more than three activities after school (www.youthfitness.com, Oct. 2, 2008). Lastly, physical activity has been proven to stimulate the mind and with better brain function comes better grades. To fix this, Lanier Middle School should have more extracurricular activities. With only basketball there isnt a huge variety for the very diverse cultures of Lanier. Also, with the economic crisis, many people cant afford extracurricular activities outside of school. This will allow the children the sport of choice at their school. Another benefit would be that many of the children will get their physical activity that will help. The result will be very beneficial toward the alignment and order of our school. More outside activities at Lanier will easily benefit us as a whole. It will help reduce the amount of sedentary life styles at Lanier. If this plan were to be taken into consideration Lanier would be one of the best schools in Gwinnett.

The key question every school must answer in the beginning is will we going to have uniforms or not? School uniforms discourage creativity. This is very important at an early age. If your creativity is ruined when youre young then you will never think for yourself, it would be the down fall of the world no one would question the world around them. Therefore we would never grow and prosper no one would try to advance in life. It also would hamper the social skills of the students unable to identify people who share common interest. Another big question is do uniforms limit gang activity? If students wanted to be in a gang, clothes would not change the availability of a gang. They also cannot be a filter for teasing-there is always after school activities. Therefore we should not have to waste money and time on school uniforms.

The Diamond is used to structure features or soft news Hooks the reader

Information which appears in hard news leads

Answers questions raised by the lead A little story, quote, or fact that re-emphasizes the story angle; ties everything together; may repeat info in the lead

Buford, GA- Mr. Crispens was born in Annapolis, Maryland, on September 24th, 1970. He lived there till he was 3 years old. He left Maryland because his dads job then moved to Connecticut. His favorite memory is of his third grade teacher, Mr. Doohan, who had a university ring which had an owl print on it, and his teacher would press the ring onto the students hands, and the children would find it pleasing. At the time, child laws about hurting any students werent made yet. Mr. Crispens has traveled all over the continent of Asia. Crispens has been to a total of eight countries. He has no relatives there he just has friends there that he has met. Some of the countries he traveled include Japan, South Korea, Hong-Kong, Vietnam, Bahamas, Canada, Mexico and North Korea Crispens job in these countries was teaching English. His favorite country is Vietnam because he really enjoyed riding around on motor bikes. Crispens came to Georgia 6-7 years ago for college so he could get his masters degree and has been teaching ever sense. He teaches 8th grade social studies, because he really enjoys being around children. History was his major in college and he likes reading history books. Someone who inspires Crispens the most is Mr. Moore because of his great sense of humor. If there could be anything in this world that Crispens could wish to change would be for there to be no war and everyone could be at peace, having a good life, Starbucks coffee would be cheaper and people signaling before making a turn. In his free time, he hangs out with his friends and goes to the gym. While Crispens hopes to continue teaching at Lanier, he has many things in his life he hopes to accomplish. Many of the students that Crispens has taught makes him want to teach more and continue what he enjoys doing most. While he enjoys living in Georgia he would like to go back to Vietnam because of the good food and its great atmosphere.

Mr. Hill an 8th grade physical science teacher who has many other hobbies besides teaching science. Hill, a teacher of three years, has not only taught at Lanier but also has experience with teaching at Riverside Military Academy. Originally Hill wanted to go into radiology, but he said I just wasnt good with the biology. He also intended on being a pro golfer, but that dream was ended when he got into a horrific car crash and injured his leg. Hill loves science for a few reasons. First of all, he just thinks its cool. Also, Hill said, Science is not only what you already know, but what we continue to learn about it. In his free time, Hill enjoys playing percussion and golf. He also enjoys caring for reptiles, especially snakes. Reptiles make great pets because they are interesting and easy to care for," said Hill. This teacher really must know his stuff if he has a pet snake!

Steps to Prepare Before Interview: Set up time for interview to take place Research topic or person First type- introduce self and thanks for time Second type- Name and confirm spelling and title Then Prepare open ended questions Organize questions so it is easy for you to refer to them during interview, and so common questions are asked together Make arrangements to take a camera if you want to include a picture for your article Dress appropriately Show up before scheduled time to prepare

Introduce self and THANK them for their time Confirm the spelling and title of the person you are interviewing During interview, be polite and attentive Ask clear, open ended questions Ask questions you think of during the interview even if they arent on your list of questions Repeat answers back to them if you are unsure of what they meant When you hear something that may be a likely quote, ask them if you can quote them on that. Ask them to repeat it so it is accurate and put quotation marks around it in your notes so you know not to change any words Ask Is there anything you would like to add? or Is there anything I havent asked that you would like to tell me about? Leave your things where they are and THANK THEM FOR THEIR TIME AGAIN!

Glance over your notes while the interview is fresh in your mind; spell out any abbreviations you used during interview Write your 5Ws out Begin to construct your COPY (double-spaced) with a lead containing information from the interview which will summarize the entire article Include who, what, where, and when then maybe a why in your lead Do not mention the interview in your lead or article, for example When I interviewed Mr. Espinosa in his office at 9 a.m. Wednesday Use the INVERTED PYRAMID to help organize the information you retrieved from the interview Dont forget to include your quotes Copyread your article and have others do the same

After the Interview:

What makes an effective headline? Summarizes the articles Grabs readers attention Uses strong, active verbs Use present tense words Express a complete thought- should read like simple sentences Substitute a comma for the word and Should stretch across the entire article Helps create a rectangle for the entire article

What makes an effective Photo and Cutline?

All articles should create rectangles including headline, byline, article, pictures, and cutlines As little white space as possible Hard News on front- keep like articles together (Clubs together, Sports together etc) Consistency! Consistency! Consistency! Make sure all fonts for articles is the same, all headlines are the same, etc Choose fonts which are easy to read

Man Falls For a Pail of Water


By: Ms. Gallaher

Sugar Hill, GA- Jack Jordan, 33, suffered severe head trauma and two broken legs while getting a pail of water from the Buford Dam last night. Jordan fell 20 feet when he lost his balance from the from the top of the dam. He and his girlfriend, Jill Safin, 29, entered a restricted area of the dam when they became thirsty because of a long day of boating on Lake Lanier. The two decided to take a bucket from the back of Jordans car and climbed to the top of a restricted area. As Jordan bent down to fill the bucket, he slipped and fell into the water. Safin reached to try to grab Jordan as he lost his balance and fell herself onto the bank alongside the dam. It was the scariest thing I have ever been through, Safin said. I thought I was going to lose Jack. Jordan is unconscious but reported to be in stable condition at Gwinnett Medical Center. He is expected to make a full recovery. Safin suffered minor cuts and bruises, was seen at Gwinnett Medical Center also and released. I am so glad it is all over and hopefully Jack will be getting out of the hospital any day, Safin said.

Google nursery rhymes, fairy tales, or tall tales. Choose three and write three short paragraphs telling what tale you choose and how you are going to make is realistic.
1) I am going to do __________________. I am going to make it realistic by ____________________________________________. 2) I am going to do __________________. I am going to make it realistic by ____________________________________________. 3) I am going to do __________________. I am going to make it realistic by ____________________________________________.

Then with a partner discuss each idea. Does it answer YES to these three questions?

Once we decide on which idea will make the best hard news article, you will get a graphic organizer and fill in with as much detail as possible and at least one direct quote.

Is it realistic? Would it be found on the front page of newspaper or on the 6 oclock news? Does it follow the nursery rhyme?

Once graphic organizer is completed (do not spend more than 20 minutes on it), you will begin your hard news article On loose-leaf paper, you will always DOUBLE-SPACE and begin by writing your SUMMARY LEAD answering the 5Ws. After your lead, start a new paragraph and remember BREVITY in paragraph size in Journalism. Your article must be realistic, able to make the 6 oclock news, follow the nursery rhyme, include one direct quote punctuated correctly, and be at least 150 words. When you are done with your rough draft, exchange with TWO other people who are also done and copyread each others papers in different color pen. Sign the bottom of the rough drafts you correct. You must find at least 5 mistakes in their rough drafts. Show Ms. G once you have 2 signatures and you are able to start typing. Save your article to your H:drive frequently while working. Save it to say your last name the NR. Ex- gallahernr