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Conjugacin del presente simple La construccin del presente simple (Present Simple) en ingls es realmente fcil, tiene la estructura:

SUJETO + VERBO (en infinitivo sin to) A tener en cuenta: Si el sujeto es 3 persona del singular se le aade una "-s" al verbo. Veamos como ejemplo la conjugacin del verbo to live (vivir) en presente simple: Conjugacin Significado I live yo vivo you live t vives he / she / it lives l / ella / ello vive we live nosotros vivimos you live vosotros vivimos they live ellos/ellas vivimos Caso especial: "-es" en lugar de "-s" para la 3 persona. Para los verbos acabados en "-o","-sh", "-ch" , "-ss", "-x" , "-z", "-y" se aade "-es" en la 3 persona del singular en lugar de "-s". Veamos a continuacin algunos ejemplos: Verbo Tercera persona to go he goes to wish he wishes to reach he reaches to express he expresses to fix he fixes to kiss he kisses to buzz he buzzes Adicionalmente, los verbos acabados en "-y" cuando la "y" no sea precedida de una vocal. Forman la tercera persona en "-ies". Verbo to ocuppy to study Tercera persona he ocuppies he studies

Simple present, third person singular Note: 1. he, she, it: in the third person singular the verb always ends in s: he wants, she needs, he gives, she thinks. 2. Negative and question forms use DOES (=the third person of the auxiliary'DO') + the infinitive of the verb. He wants. Does he want? He does not want. 3. Verbs ending in -y : the third person changes the -y to -ies: fly flies, cry cries Exception: if there is a vowel before the -y: play plays, pray prays 4. Add -es to verbs ending in:-ss, -x, -sh, -ch: he passes, she catches, he fixes, it pushes See also Verbs -'Regular verbs in the simple present', and 'Be, do & have'

1. Third person singular with s or -es He goes to school every morning. She understands English. It mixes the sand and the water. He tries very hard. She enjoys playing the piano. 2. Simple present, form Example: to think, present simple Affirmative I think You think he, she, it thinks we think you think Interrogative Do I think ? Do you think? Does he, she, it think? Do we think? Do you think? Negative I do not think. You don't think. He, she, it doesn't think. We don't think. You don't think.

The simple present is used:


to express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions and wishes: I smoke (habit); I work in London (unchanging situation); London is a large city (general truth) 2. to give instructions or directions: You walk for two hundred metres, then you turn left. 3. to express fixed arrangements, present or future: Your exam starts at 09.00 4. to express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until: He'll give it to you when you come next Saturday. BE CAREFUL! The simple present is not used to express actions happening now. See Present Continuous. Examples: For habits He drinks tea at breakfast. She only eats fish. They watch television regularly. 2. For repeated actions or events We catch the bus every morning. It rains every afternoon in the hot season. They drive to Monaco every summer. 3. For general truths Water freezes at zero degrees. The Earth revolves around the Sun. Her mother is Peruvian. 4. For instructions or directions Open the packet and pour the contents into hot water. You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford. 5. For fixed arrangements His mother arrives tomorrow. Our holiday starts on the 26th March With future constructions She'll see you before she leaves. We'll give it to her when she arrives. 1.