AC system examples with answers

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AC system examples with answers

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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EE-201 (ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING) FACULTY NAME: Q.1 ASSIGNMENT NO. 2 DATE OF SUB.:

Q.2

An alternating voltage is given by V=141.4sin314t. Find, i) Frequency ii) Rms value iii) Average value iv) The instantaneous value of the voltage at t= 3ms v) Time taken for the voltage to reach 100V for the first time after passing through zero value. v) Form factor vi) Peak factor. Ans. 50Hz, 100V, 90V, 114.4V, 2.5ms. Currents flowing in the three branches of an AC parallel circuit are i 1=20sint, i2=25sin (t - /6) and i3=15sin (t + /6). Determine the total current drawn from the supply. Ans. I=54.87sin(t-0.029) A 100V, 80W lamp is to operate on 230V, 50Hz ac. Calculate the inductance to be connected in series with lamp. Lamp is taken as pure resistance. Ans. L=0.824H, A non- inductive resistance of 10 is connected in series with an inductive coil across 200V, 50Hz ac supply , the current drawn by the series combination is 10A. The resistance of the coil is 2 . Determine (i) inductance of coil. (ii) Power factor. (iii) Voltage across the coil. Ans. (i)L=51mH, (ii)PF=0.6(lagging), (iii)Vcoil=161.245V A coil takes 4A when connected to 24V dc supply. If this coil is connected to 40V, 50Hz ac supply then same amount of power is consumed. Explain why different voltage required for same power consumption. Calculate inductance of the coil and phase angle between voltage and current. Ans. L=0.0255H, =53.13. An iron choke coil takes 4A when connected to a 20V dc supply and takes 5A from 65V, 50Hz ac supply. Determine (i) the resistance and inductance of coil. (ii) The power drawn by the coil. (iii) Power factor Ans. (i) R=5, L=38.2mH, (ii)P=125W, (iii)PF=0.3846(lagging). Two impedances Z1=10+j5 and Z2= 8+j6 are connected in parallel across a voltage of V= (200+j0) V. Calculate circuit current, power factor and reactive power. Ans.

37.736 32,0.848lagging ,4 KVAR

Q.3

Q.4

Q.5

Q.6

Q.7

Q.8

Calculate the branch currents, total current, supply power factor, active power and reactive power in circuit as shown in figure 1. Ans.

I1 10 36.87, I 2 1053.13, I 14.48.13, P 1.4KW , Q 200VAR(capacitive)

8

I

6

100V 50Hz

I1 I2

j6

j8

Fig. 1 Q.9 Three impedances Z1= (8+j6) , Z2= (2-j1.5) and Z3=2 are connected in parallel across a 50Hz supply. If the current through Z1 is (3+j4) A. Calculate current through other impedances and also power absorbed by circuit. Ans. (12 j16) A,(0 j25) A,2.25KW

Q.10 i) Determine the condition of resonance in parallel circuit (Where coil is connected in parallel with a capacitor). Plot the resonance curve for this rejecter circuit. ii) Compare series resonance and parallel resonance circuits and their performance. Q.11 Explain and deduce the term Resonance, Bandwidth and Quality Factor for series RLC circuit.

Q.12 For the circuit shown below, determine, i) Resonant frequency ii) Total impedance of the circuit at resonance iii) Bandwidth iv) Quality factor. Ans. f r 100.3Hz, Z 4000, f 7.95Hz, Q 12.65

10mH

0.2 A

fr 100KHz

20V

Fig. 1

Fig. 2

Q.13 At resonant frequency (100KHz), the current in series RLC circuit has max. value of 0.2Amp. for fig. 2 Calculate (i) The value of R & C at resonant frequency, (ii) Q factor (iii) Half power frequencies. Ans.

R 100, C 253.3 pF , Q 62.83, f1 99.2Hz, f 2 100.7 Hz

Q.14 If the bandwidth of a series resonant circuit is 10KHz and resonant frequency is 125KHz, Find the value of Quality factor. Ans. Q=12.5 Q.15 Voltage across R, L and C connected in series are 3V, 4V, & 5V respectively. If the supply frequency has 50Hz. Find the magnitude of supply voltage. Find the resonant frequency (fr). Ans.

V 3.16Volt , f r 55.9 Hz

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