You are on page 1of 14

, ,

(, & , ),
,
,
,
(, )
1

(data)
.

(information)


.
2

() 1

()

.


.

.
3

() 2

.
, :

,
,
:

4


()


(Database Management System),
(DBMS),
.
""
, , ,
.

&

( - DDL)
( - SDL)
( - DML)
( - VDL)

(DBA)

,

8

()



: ) , ) (case
tools)

(, , )
(, )
( )



(catalog)

.
H
.
- (meta-data).

10

11


.

.

.


.

12


,




.
13

..

(
)
14