(1)
where denotes the time derivative of and ( ) , p
is
the joint PDF of random variables ( ) t and ( ) t in an
arbitrary moment t.
Expressions for the average LCR of dual and triple SC
diversity system applying desired signal power decision
algorithm over Nakagamim fading channels in the
presence of CCI are presented in [4], [12] as
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
0.5 0.5
2
2
0.5
2
0.5
2 2
2 2 2
0
2 2
2 2
0.5
1
2 exp
2 2
, ,
1 1
I I
I I
I
I
I
m m
m I
th m m
I th
I
I th m m
I
th
m m
m m th th I
I
th th
m
f m S
N
m m m
m m
Sm m
Sm
m
m m m
y
m m
Q y y dy
+
+
+
=
+
+
 
+

\ .
 
   
+ 
 

\ . \ .
\ .
 


\ .
(2)
and
( )
( )
( )
( )( )
( )
( )
0.5 0.5 2 1 0.5
2
, 0
0.5
1
1
0.5
0
2
2
2
1
0.5
0.5
!
I I
I
I
m m m m
m th I
th
I
j
I th i j m
i j
I
j m m
k
i m
I
j m m k
k
f m m S
N
m
i j m
Sm m
j m
j m m
j m m k
k
+ +
=
+ +
+
+ + +
=
=
+ +
+
+ +
 + +
\
+ + +
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
1
0.5
0
3
1 1
0.5
0 0
4
0.5
5
1
0.5
0
3
0.5 1
!
0.5 1
! !
0.5
0.5
!
I
I
I
I
l
l
j i m
I
j m m l
l
l
k l
j i m i m
I
j m m k l
k l
I i
i j m m
l
j m
I
i j m m l
l
j m m l
l
j m m k l
k l
i j m m
i j m m l
l
i j
+ +
+ + +
=
+
+ + +
+ + + +
= =
+ + +
+
+ + + +
=
+ + + +

+ + + + +

+

.
 + + +
+
\
+ + + +
+ +
( )
( )
1
0.5
0
3
1 1
0.5
0 0
4
0.5
!
0.5
,
! !
I
I
k
i m
I
i j m m k
k
k l
j m i m
I
i j m m k l
k l
m m k
k
i j m m k l
k l
+
+ + + +
=
+
+ +
+ + + + +
= =
+ +
(
 + + + + +
+ ( 

(
.
(3)
respectively, where f
m
is Doppler shift frequency, is the
correlation coefficient, m and m
I
are Nakagami parameters
describing fading severity of desired signal and CCI,
respectively, ( ) ,
m
Q a b is the generalized Marcum
Qfunction, average SIR is /
I
S = and
( )
2
/ 1
th
m = ,
I
m S = , ( ) ( )
/ ! !
i j
i j m
+
= ,
1
= + ,
2
2 = + , ( )
3
2 = + + ,
( )
4
3 = + + , ( )
5
1 = + + .
III. SIMULATION RESULTS
The architecture of sumofsinusoidsbased Nakagami
m simulator is depicted in Fig. 1 [11].
Fig. 1. The block diagramof sumofsinusoidsbased Nakagami
m simulator
The inphase
component of the
The inphase
component of the
lowpass
Gaussian source
The quadrature
component of the
lowpass
Gaussian source
Norm
p folds
g(t)
116
Proceedings of Small Systems Simulation Symposium 2012, Ni, Serbia, 12th14th February 2012
The corresponding composite signal is
( ) ( ) ( )
2 2
,
1
p
I k Q
k
g t g t g t
=
= +
, (4)
where
( )
( ) ( )
1
2
2
cos cos 2cos cos ,
I
M
n n n n N N
n
g t
N
t t
=
=
(
+ + +
(
(
(5)
( )
( ) ( )
1
2
2
sin cos 2sin cos ,
Q
M
n n n n N N
n
g t
N
t t
=
=
(
+ + +
(
(
(6)
Fig. 2. The algorithmfor simulation of average LCR of
considered Lbranch SC receiver
( )
( )
2 2 1 2
1
pm pm p m
p p
+
=
+
(7)
and
2m p = (8)
With p = [2m], N = 4M+2, ( ) 2 cos 2 /
n m
f n N = ,
/
n
n M = , 0
N
= and
j
is random phase uniformly
distributed in the range (, ].
Having in mind applied decision algorithm in Lbranch
SC receiver, the Fig. 2 describes average LCR simulation
process of system operating in Nakagamim environment in
the presence of CCI.
Program package Matlab is used to model considered
problem. Simulation and numerical results for uncorrelated
( 0) dual and triple SC diversity system in
environments under different fading severity are presented
in Figs. 3 and 4.
15 10 5 0 5 10 15
10
6
10
5
10
4
10
3
10
2
10
1
10
0
simulation
>0
m=3, m
I
=1
m=3, m
I
=2
m=4, m
I
=1
m=4, m
I
=2
N
/
f
m
th
[dB]
Fig. 3. Average LCR of dual SC diversity system
12 8 4 0 4 8 12
10
6
10
5
10
4
10
3
10
2
10
1
10
0
simulation
N
/
f
m
th
[dB]
>0
m=3, m
I
=1
m=3, m
I
=2
m=4, m
I
=1
m=4, m
I
=2
Fig. 4. Average LCR of triple SC diversity system
1, ,1 i N =
threshold
thi
generation of Nakagamim
desired signals: r
1
(t), r
2
(t), , r
L
(t)
CCIs: i
1
(t), i
2
(t), , i
L
(t)
r
j
(t) =max{r
1
(t), r
2
(t), ), , r
L
(t)}
(t)=r
j
(t) / i
j
(t)
LCR =0
t =0, T, t
(t) >
th
(t+t) <
th
LCR =LCR+1
thi
, LCR/T
117
Proceedings of Small Systems Simulation Symposium 2012, Ni, Serbia, 12th14th February 2012
The great agreement between numerical and simulation
results is evident regardless of number of diversity
branches or fading severity.
For the reason of greater precision, number of choosen
oscillators is M = 500. In all simulations maximum
Doppler frequency is f
m
= 100 Hz causing selected
t =10 s.
IV. CONCLUSION
This work is result of intention to verify previously
published theoretical results. Important and widely
accepted performance indicator, LCR, is choosen to be
simulated. SC diversity system with two and three
uncorrelated branches in Nakagamim fading environment
in the presence of CCI is modeled. Simulation results
obtained using program package Matlab show great
agreement with earlier published numerical results
calculated using program package Mathematica.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
This work has been funded by the Serbian Ministry of
Education and Science under the projects TR32052, III
44006 and TR33035.
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Proceedings of Small Systems Simulation Symposium 2012, Ni, Serbia, 12th14th February 2012