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English Assignment

The Blindness of Mr. Abdullah

Written by Halizha Nadirha Safrul Jamil Sagita Najmi Siti Harisah Sri Delima (1207101010217) (1207101010142) (1207101010104) (1207101010166) (1207101010104)

Windi Adi Pratama (1207101010027)

Assalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakaatuh In the name of Allah, most Gracious, most Merciful. The praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, and the sequel is for those who keep their duty unto Allah, further, here will be no hostility except against wrongdoers. Blessing and solution be upon the most honorable prophet and messenger, Muhammad SAW. And I offer my expression of gratitude to Allah, due to the favor and charity,so we have finished writing this paper The Blindness of Mr. Abdullah. This paper is submitted to our English Teacher in partial fulfillment of the requirements for taking the final examination. We would like to say thanks to Mr. Abdullah because he already become our object in our observation. And also for our beloved teacher, Mrs. Yuni Amalia, S.Pd who has given us this assignment so we can get much experience and knowledge about a beggar life especially someone like Mr. Abdullah. After making a great effort, we finally completed our english paper. However, we realize that there are still many shortcomings in this paper. Therefore we enthusiastically welcome the objective criticism and constructive suggestion for the improvement of this paper. Finally, we hope that this paper will be useful not only for the writers ourselves but also for the readers. Wassalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakaatuh Banda Aceh, December 23th 2012


Table of Content
Prologue.ii Table of content.iii Chapter I Introduction... 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Background.. 1 Problem of Study...1 Scope of Study. 1 Objectives of Study........1 Biography in Narration...2 Benefits of Study.. 2

Chapter II Discussion. 3 2.1 Beggar.. 3 2.2 Blindness. .....4 2.3 Relationship between health and social status. 6 2.4 Mr. Abdullah Disease7 Chapter III Closure.. 10 3.1 Conclusion...10 3.2 Suggestion10

Chapter I Introduction

1.1 Background Job is an important thing for human especially for a man as leader of his family. In this era, it is another way to survive. Yesterday, we can complete our necessity with barter but today money is the most important thing in this world. One of the many jobs they work is beggar. The underlying reason is does not require a lot of thought and effort to earn money. He became a beggar some because of physical disabilities and limited opportunities for them.

1.2 Problem of Study 1. 2. 3. 4. What is the reason Mr. Abdullah be a beggar? Is there any influence of his work as beggar with his health? What is the disease that cause Mr. Abdullah blind? What is the effect of his blindness to his daily activities?

1.3 Scope of Study With reference to the background of the above, issue that will be presented is about the concept of work as beggars who have special needs. And in this term we talk about Mr. Abdullah, especially his disease which is trachoma.

1.4 Objectives of Study To know the reason why Mr. Abdullah be a beggar. To know the disease that cause Mr. Abdullah blind. To know if there is an effect of his blindness to his daily activities. To know if there is any influence of his work as beggar with his health.

1.5 Benefits of Study To understand and practice our interpersonal communication. To tell you that in this city there are still a social inequalities between the rich one and poor one. To increase our knowledge about the risks of working as a beggar. To know the life of a beggar in this city.

1.6 Biography in Narration An old man named Abdullah, born in Gedung Lhokseumawe around 64 years ago. He has 4 children and all of them were never get any formal education. His first child was born in 1975, the second in 1977, the third and fourth born in 1980s. His first and second children had been married, but the others hadnt yet. He got 2 grandchildren from his first child, and one from his second child. Mr. Abdullah moved here about 8 years ago with his last child. Here he lives in Lampulo. When he lived in Lhoksumawe, he used to work as coconut tree climber. Now he works at Baiturrahman Mosque and also at crowded places. His income is depends on visitors, sometimes he can get up to Rp. 300.000,00 a day. Usually, he works from 8 a.m. until after isya. Talking about being a beggar, Mr. Abdullah said that he didnt have another choice. He enjoys his job as a beggar. His house condition is same like others. His performance looks quite good, and when we asked about that, he just said If I wear dirty clothes, I cant go praying.

Chapter II Discussion

2.1 Beggar "Work is the best insurance against poverty and vulnerability," said Kaushik Basu, World Bank Chief Economist and Senior Vice President of the World Bank. Work is a responsibility especially for a man. Magnis-Suseno briefly asserted that there are three work function, namely the function of reproduction material, social integration, and self-development. The first is, by working, people can meet their needs. The second is, by working, people gain status in the community. He is seen as a useful citizen. And the third with the work, humans are able to create and develop themselves creatively. In this world, there are many types of jobs. One of them is become a beggar. Beggars or begging has become a familiar term in the major cities throughout Indonesia, their presence is often considered disturbing social order, but in fact the presence of beggars is a form of government failed either central or local government in the welfare of its people. If measured in social sunglasses, begging is not a special case, need to be eliminated even, that the government needs to prosper the people so that no more people work as beggars. Characteristics of beggars: Not having a place to stay Living below the poverty line Live with uncertainty Wearing tattered clothes So many reasons make people be a beggar. And here some of them: Low level of educations so they can get a job Lack of skill that needed in job recruitment. The high level of poorness so they will do anything to survive their life Limitation of employment opportunities Physical disabilities

And according to Mr. Abdullah, his first reason is because his physical disabilities so he can do his daily activity like before which is as a coconut climber. Research on beggars by Dr. Engkus Kuswarno (Symbolic Construction Research Beggars Bandung) mentions five categories why someone became a beggar, namely: Experienced beggars Contemporary continuous closed beggars Contemporary continuous exposure beggars Temporary-contemporary beggars Schedule beggars Most of beggar doesnt have any place to lived in and by many causes must live under bridge, park, roadside, riverside, train station, or other public facilities to sleep and do their daily activities. Even if they have place to live, it must not very feasible called as home.

2.2 Blindness Here we will talk about a beggar with physical limitation, blindness. Blindness is a condition when someone cannot see anything using his eyes. It is a state of lack of perception of vision, due to physiological or psychological factors. Most visual disability caused by the disease and deficiency. It can happen to everyone, young and old, even of infants.

human eye

Types of blindness are : 1. Color blindness Color blindness is a condition where the retinal cells are not able to respond to color properly. Cone cells in the retina of the eye suffered permanent impairment or damage. 2. Cataract Cataract is a clouding of the lens in your eye. It affects your vision. Cataracts are very common in older people. 3. Glaucoma Glaucoma is an eye disease in which the optic nerve is damaged in a characteristic pattern. This can permanently damage vision in the affected eye(s) and lead to blindness if left untreated. It is normally associated with increased fluid pressure in the eye (aqueous humour).


Leber's congenital amaurosis (LCA) Leber's congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a rare inherited eye disease that

appears at birth or in the first few months of life, and affects around 1 in 80,000 of the population. 5. Trachoma Trachoma is an infectious disease that can cause blindness for the sufferer. The disease is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis spread in places where sanitation is poor quality and inadequate water quality. 6. Diabetic retinopathy Diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease, occurs when blood vessels in the retina change. Sometimes these vessels swell and leak fluid or even close off completely. In other cases, abnormal new blood vessels grow on the surface of the retina.

2.3 The influence of social class with health status Someone said in the healthy range if the holistic needs (physiological, spiritual, psychological, and social) and their basic needs (physiological, safety, love, esteem, and self-actualization) have been met. If one of them is not met, then a person cannot be said that in the healthy range.

Health Issues in the Community Demographics, the number of people a lot and uneven. It is a challenge in health development. Inadequate education. Economic level, low income levels cause most people cannot enjoy health services. Implications of the impact of development activities

Social Class Social class refers to the hierarchical differences (or stratification) between human or group of humans in a society or culture. Based on the characteristics of social stratification, we can find some classes or class division in society. 1. 2. 3. Lower class The economic system is still low Education systems are less Obtaining health care is minimal. Middle-class The economic system has improved Knowledge of education has begun to evolve Upper class Established economic life Supported by the Science and Technology Obtaining optimal health services

The Way to Maintain The Health : Not smoking Maintain personal hygiene and environmental Eat nutritious foods Drink 2 liters of water per day

2.4 Mr. Abdullahs disease Mr. Abdullah disease is trachoma because the bacteria are developing in dirty environment. Then we will explain about trachoma. Trachoma is an infectious disease that can cause blindness for the sufferer. The disease is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis spread in places where sanitation is poor quality and inadequate water quality. These bacteria are

touched by the hand of man, stuck in the fly's body, or other places that will contaminate the healthy eye. Infection with these bacteria may cause the appearance of scarring on the cornea of the eye. At first, formed infectious inflammatory reaction in the upper eyelid. This reaction gradually shrinks and makes the eyelids narrowed. Eyelids are forming scar tissue is gradually getting into and eventually cover the cornea. When corneal scarring covered then the patient began to experience blindness. In every blink of the eye, lashes will scratch the cornea and make people suffer. This condition is called trichiasis. There are several factors that can influence the onset of the disease and spreading widespread. Some of them are: 1. Sanitation and water 2. Personal hygiene 3. Poverty 4. The population density Environmental sanitation is not maintained allow flies to breed well. Flies can be a vector of trachoma. Flies perched in the eyes of patient. Agent attached to the fly's body and will be brought to another place, such as water reservoirs, healthy people hands, or even directly in the healthy people eyes. The agent then touched by the hand of a healthy person. If the person is less personal hygiene awake then he would use his hands that had flies and rubbed his eyes. At that time the agency began to spread to new people. The same thing will happen over the exposed tissue or handkerchief, water, and so on. Children need to get counseling because of the age most susceptible are children. They are in the most vulnerable position because the child usually cannot distinguish where the place for playing was clean or dirty. Their low knowledge of places and modes of transmission of disease is also one of the enabling factors. Other factors are also considered influential immunity. Children's immune systems

are still not perfect to hold Chlamydia infection. The prevention that we can do to prevent trachoma are: 1. Intervene in the environment. The trick is build sanitation facilities to the wastewater treatment system healthy. The residents are taught to get accustomed to washing their clothes in a special place, not in the river. 2. Use soap in any activity using water 3. Build access to clean water are closed. 4. People must have the healthy behavior

Chapter III Closure 3.1 Conclusion Based on our observation in this paper, we got some conclusion. And here are our conclusions: The reason why Mr. Abdullah become a beggar is because his blindness or his physical disability. Besides that, he becomes a beggar because he never gets a formal education so all he can do is just doing something without specific skill. And this factor makes begging as the only job he could do. Begging has many effects for his life. Because he always runs away, he often feels like fall. So, he uses boots as leg braces to keep him stand. And he often get tired because he could stand for a long time to beg. Based on his symptom, we decide that he got trachoma disease. The effect of trachoma with his daily life is he cant do his previous job, he can get another job except begging. He cant do something alone. He needs someone to accompany him.

3.2 Suggestion In this part, we have some suggestion. 1. Suggestions that we can say to Mr. Abdullah or for another beggar. No matter if Mr. Abdullah is blind, he doesnt ever give up with his life. Always Believe in Allah, who always stay in our side and always give the merciful and blessing for every moslem in the world. So stay praying to Allah and Allah can help him as long as he wants to try changing his life to be better. 2. Suggestion that we can say to our government Give them a practice about skills, such as sewing, cooking, farming, etc. Give employment opportunities for someone who has physical disability. Doing transmigration to another island which has few people.