You are on page 1of 104

Technical Description

CityLink
SDH - STM-1
5 - 38 GHz
Radio-Relay Equipment

The information in this documentation is subject to change without notice and describes only the product defined in
the introduction of this documentation. This documentation is intended for the use of Nera's customers only for the
purposes of the agreement under which the documentation is submitted, and no part of it may be reproduced or
transmitted in any form or means without the prior written permission of Nera.
The information or statements given in this documentation concerning the suitability, capacity, or performance of the
mentioned hardware or software products cannot be considered binding but shall be defined in the agreement made
between Nera and the customer. However, Nera has made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions
contained in the documentation are adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nera will, if necessary,
explain issues that may not be covered by the documentation. Nera's liability for any errors in the documentation is
limited to the documentary correction of errors.
NERA WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE IN ANY EVENT FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENTATION OR FOR ANY
DAMAGES, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL (INCLUDING MONETARY LOSSES), that might arise from the
use of this documentation or the information in it. This documentation and the product it describes are considered
protected by copyright according to the applicable laws.
NERA logo is a registered trademark of Nera ASA. Other product names mentioned in this documentation may be
trademarks of their respective companies, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only.
Hereby, Nera Networks AS, declares that Nera CityLink Microwave Radio Family is in compliance with the essential
requirements and other relevant provisions of Directive: 1999/5/EC.
The product is marked with the CE marking and Notified Body number according to the Directive 1999/5/EC.
Copyright Nera 2004. All rights reserved.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

Document history
Revision

Date

Summary of changes

Rev A

05.06.2001

First Issue

Rev B

22.03.2002

Corrections

Rev C

15.11.2002

Document number changed


L6 GHz and 11 GHz included
Duplex 1560 MHz for 18 GHz included
Table 2-2 updated
Output power, receiver threshold and system gain tables corrected
Co- and adjacent channel interference tables corrected.
HSB dual antenna for CityLink type III included
HSB dual Baseband not available for CityLink type III
RF loop not available CityLink type III

Rev D

10.03.2003

U6 GHz and 32 GHz included


128 TCM for 1232 Duplex included
Optical interfaces, L-1.1 and L-1.2, included

Rev E

12.12.2003

Rev F

19.12.2003

For SONET & ANSI specifications refer to CITYLINK\00051.


New features included:
STM-0, STM-1 Muliplex Unit, Space diversity, Hitless switching,
RS coding, Higher output power L6-11 GHz.
STM-0 Interference Sensitivity updated.

Rev G

28.05.2004

STM-0 Interference Sensitivity updated, IF-cable lentghs updated.

Rev H

01.12.2004

5 GHz included. Output power and threshold values corrected.

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Contents
1.

Page

GENERAL ..........................................................................................................................................................7
1.1
SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS ............................................................................................................................8
1.1.1 1+0 configuration....................................................................................................................................9
1.1.2 HSB Configuration ..................................................................................................................................9
1.1.3 Hot standby configuration Dual Antenna Space Diversity..............................................................10
1.1.4 Hot standby configuration Dual Baseband ........................................................................................10
1.1.5 1+1 Frequency Diversity.......................................................................................................................11
1.1.6 2+0 configuration..................................................................................................................................12
1.1.7 Space Diversity......................................................................................................................................13
1.1.8 HSB Hybrid Space Diversity .................................................................................................................14
1.1.9 1+1 Hybrid Space Diversity..................................................................................................................14
1.2
APPLICATION EXAMPLES FOR EMBEDDED MULTIPLEXER ............................................................................15
1.2.1 General..................................................................................................................................................15
1.2.2 Drop or Continue Chain topology, 2Mbit/s example.....................................................................15
1.2.3 Add Drop Ring topology, 2Mbit/s example.................................................................................... 16
1.2.4 3x34/45 Mb/S and STM-1 X-connect.....................................................................................................16

2.

EQUIPMENT MAIN CHARACTERISTICS................................................................................................17


2.1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW .....................................................................................................................................17
2.2
ITU-R/CEPT FREQUENCY BANDS AND CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS ............................................................17
2.3
NETWORK ELEMENT CHARACTERISTICS .....................................................................................................19
2.3.1 ESTI Equipment Specifications & Class................................................................................................19
2.3.2 Radio terminal configurations...............................................................................................................19
2.3.3 Radio repeater configurations...............................................................................................................20
2.3.4 Radio channel identification..................................................................................................................20
2.3.5 Multiplex mapping/structure .................................................................................................................20
2.4
MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS ................................................................................................................21
2.4.1 Installation.............................................................................................................................................21
2.4.2 IDU Description ....................................................................................................................................21
2.4.3 IDU switch unit .....................................................................................................................................22
2.4.4 ODU Description ..................................................................................................................................22
2.4.5 Dimensions ............................................................................................................................................24
2.4.6 Weights ..................................................................................................................................................25
2.5
SAFETY CONDITIONS ...................................................................................................................................25
2.6
ELECTRO MAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY CONDITIONS (EMC) ........................................................................25
2.7
EQUIPMENT TYPE APPROVAL ......................................................................................................................25
2.8
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS ...................................................................................................................25
2.9
POWER SUPPLY ...........................................................................................................................................26
2.10
SYSTEM SYNCHRONISATION........................................................................................................................27
2.10.1
Synchronisation status messaging.....................................................................................................27
2.10.2
2.048 MHz synchronisation input/output characteristics .................................................................27
2.11
CONTROL AND SUPERVISION FACILITIES .....................................................................................................28
2.11.1
Loopbacks .........................................................................................................................................28
2.11.2
PRBS test signal ................................................................................................................................28
2.11.3
MS-AIS insertion ...............................................................................................................................29
2.12
SYSTEM PERFORMANCE ..............................................................................................................................30
2.12.1
Equipment background BER (Residual BER) ...................................................................................30
2.12.2
System gain .......................................................................................................................................30
2.12.3
System signature ...............................................................................................................................31
2.13
INTERFERENCE SENSITIVITY........................................................................................................................32
2.13.1
Co-channel interference sensitivity ...................................................................................................32
2.13.2
Adjacent channel interference sensitivity..........................................................................................32
2.14
SYSTEM PROCESSING DELAY .......................................................................................................................33
2.15
SYSTEM RELIABILITY ..................................................................................................................................33
2.15.1
Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF) ...............................................................................................33

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

3.

TRANSCEIVER CHARACTERISTICS ....................................................................................................... 34


3.1
RF-INPUT MONITORING............................................................................................................................... 34
3.2
SPURIOUS EMISSIONS .................................................................................................................................. 34
3.3
TRANSMITTER CHARACTERISTICS ............................................................................................................... 34
3.3.1 Maximum output power STM-1 @ 32TCM (~56 MHz channel plans) ................................................. 34
3.3.2 Maximum output power STM-1 @ 64TCM (40 MHz channel plans) ................................................... 35
3.3.3 Maximum output power STM-1 @ 128TCM (~28 MHz channel plans) ............................................... 35
3.3.4 Maximum output power STM-0 @ 32TCM (~28 MHz channel plans) ................................................. 36
3.3.5 Maximum output power STM-0 @ 64TCM (14 MHz channel plans) ................................................... 36
3.3.6 Automatic/Manual Transmitter Power Control (ATPC/MTPC) ........................................................... 37
3.3.7 TX-oscillator frequency tolerance......................................................................................................... 37
3.3.8 Spectral lines at the symbol rate ........................................................................................................... 37
3.3.9 IF input characteristics ......................................................................................................................... 37
3.4
RECEIVER CHARACTERISTICS...................................................................................................................... 38
3.4.1 Receiver threshold STM-1 @ 32TCM (~56 MHz channel plans) ......................................................... 38
3.4.2 Receiver threshold STM-1 @ 64TCM (40 MHz channel plans)............................................................ 38
3.4.3 Receiver threshold STM-1 @ 128TCM (~28 MHz channel plans) ....................................................... 39
3.4.4 Receiver threshold STM-0 @ 32TCM (~28 MHz channel plans) ......................................................... 39
3.4.5 Receiver threshold STM-0 @ 64TCM (~14 MHz channel plans) ......................................................... 40
3.4.6 Maximum input signal level .................................................................................................................. 40
3.4.7 RX-oscillator frequency tolerance......................................................................................................... 41
3.4.8 Image frequency attenuation ................................................................................................................. 41
3.4.9 Noise figure ........................................................................................................................................... 41
3.4.10
IF output characteristics................................................................................................................... 41

4.

SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS FOR SPACE DIVERSITY (SD) ............................................................ 42


4.1
4.2

5.

GENERAL .................................................................................................................................................... 42
COMBINING PRINCIPLES AND PERFORMANCE .............................................................................................. 42

BRANCHING AND RF-FILTERING CHARACTERISTICS.................................................................... 43


5.1
5.2

GENERAL DESCRIPTION .............................................................................................................................. 43


INTERFACE TO ANTENNA FEEDER SYSTEM .................................................................................................. 43

6.

IF-CABLE CHARACTERISTICS ................................................................................................................. 44

7.

MODEM CHARACTERISTICS .................................................................................................................... 45


7.1
7.2
7.3

8.

MODULATOR CHARACTERISTICS................................................................................................................. 45
DEMODULATOR CHARACTERISTICS............................................................................................................. 45
CHARACTERISTICS OF SIGNALS TRANSMITTED BETWEEN IDU AND ODU................................................... 45

BASEBAND CHARACTERISTICS............................................................................................................... 46
8.1
SECTION/TRANSPORT OVERHEAD (SOH) .................................................................................................. 46
8.1.1 Frameword and parity bytes ................................................................................................................. 46
8.1.2 Media specific bytes .............................................................................................................................. 46
8.1.3 Other SOH -bytes .................................................................................................................................. 47
8.2
SCRAMBLING / DESCRAMBLING FUNCTIONS ................................................................................................ 47
8.3
TRANSMISSION INTERFACES ....................................................................................................................... 48
8.3.1 General.................................................................................................................................................. 48
8.3.2 Transmission interface characteristics - STM-1 electrical: .................................................................. 48
8.3.3 Transmission interface characteristics - STM-1 optical Intermediate Reach .................................... 48
8.3.4 Transmission interface characteristics - STM-1 optical - Long Reach 1300 nm .................................. 49
8.3.5 Transmission interface characteristics - STM-1 optical - Long Reach 1500nm ................................... 49
8.3.6 Transmission interface characteristics STM-1 optical Short Reach ............................................... 49
8.3.7 Transmission interface characteristics - STM-1 Electrical CAT5 UTP:............................................... 50
8.3.8 Transmission interface characteristics 2 Mbit/s: ............................................................................... 50
8.3.9 Transmission interface characteristics 34 Mbit/s: ............................................................................. 50
8.3.10
Transmission interface characteristics 45 Mbit/s:......................................................................... 50

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

8.4
64 KBIT/S AND WAYSIDE CHANNELS............................................................................................................51
8.4.1 General..................................................................................................................................................51
8.4.2 2.048 Mbit/s wayside channel characteristics.......................................................................................51
8.4.3 64 kbit/s channel characteristics ...........................................................................................................51
8.4.4 Service telephone/Orderwire.................................................................................................................51
9.

RADIO PROTECTION SWITCHING ..........................................................................................................52


9.1
9.2
9.3

10.

SPECIFICATION OF THE PROTECTION SWITCHING SYSTEM ...........................................................................52


SWITCHING CRITERIA AND SWITCHING OPERATION TIME, RX......................................................................52
SWITCHING CRITERIAS IN TRANSMIT DIRECTION ........................................................................................52
MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS.................................................................................53

10.1
GENERAL ....................................................................................................................................................53
10.1.1
Event logging ....................................................................................................................................53
10.1.2
Monitoring of system performance ...................................................................................................53
10.1.3
System performance calculations......................................................................................................53
10.1.4
Performance record logging .............................................................................................................54
10.1.5
Security management ........................................................................................................................54
10.1.6
Security event logging .......................................................................................................................54
10.2
ECC (EMBEDDED COMMUNICATION CHANNEL).........................................................................................55
10.2.1
IP Routing .........................................................................................................................................55
10.3
EMBEDDED SNMP AGENT ..........................................................................................................................55
10.4
INTERFACES TO THE SUPERVISION SYSTEM .................................................................................................56
10.4.1
General..............................................................................................................................................56
10.4.2
LEDs .................................................................................................................................................56
10.4.3
LCT interface (PC Interface) ............................................................................................................56
10.4.4
LAN interface ....................................................................................................................................56
10.4.5
Network Interface (NI):.....................................................................................................................57
10.4.6
Alm & Aux interface: ........................................................................................................................57
11.

REFERENCES .............................................................................................................................................58

12.

TERMINOLOGY ........................................................................................................................................60

List of figures

Page

Figure 1-1: IDU and Switch Unit..................................................................................................................7


Figure 1-2: 1+0 System Overview ................................................................................................................9
Figure 1-3: 1+1 Hot Standby System Overview ...........................................................................................9
Figure 1-4: Hot Standby-Dual Antenna System Overview.........................................................................10
Figure 1-5: Hot Standby Dual Baseband System Overview ....................................................................10
Figure 1-6: L6-11 GHz, 1+1 Frequency Diversity, Single and dual polarized system ...............................11
Figure 1-7: 13-23 GHz, 1+1 Frequency Diversity Dual Polarized system .................................................11
Figure 1-8: 13-23 GHz, 1+1 Frequency Diversity Single Polarized system...............................................11
Figure 1-9: L6-11 GHz, 2+0 Dual Frequency Single Polarisation and 2+0.............................................12
Figure 1-10: 13-38 GHz, 2+0 Alternating Polarisation or 2+0 Single Frequency Dual Polarisation ......12
Figure 1-11: 13-38 GHz, 2+0 Dual Frequency Single Polarisation .........................................................12
Figure 1-12: 1+1 FD Space Diversity system L6-11 GHz.........................................................................13
Figure 1-13: 1+1 HSB Space Diversity system 5-11 GHz.........................................................................13
Figure 1-14: 1+1 HSB Hybrid Space Diversity system 5-11 GHz ............................................................14
Figure 1-15: 1+1 Hybrid Space Diversity ...................................................................................................14
Figure 1-16 1+0 Terminal with Mux...........................................................................................................15
Figure 1-17 Chain Topology with 21x2 Mux .............................................................................................15
Figure 1-18 Ring Topology with 21x2Mb/s Add and Drop........................................................................16
Figure 2-1: Principle block diagram for a radio system..............................................................................17
Figure 2-2: Configuration Examples...........................................................................................................19

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

Figure 2-3 Multiplex mapping structure..................................................................................................... 20


Figure 2-4 IDU Connections ...................................................................................................................... 21
Figure 2-5 IDU Switch Unit ....................................................................................................................... 22
Figure 2-6 Looping of main data ................................................................................................................ 28
Figure 4-1: Combining principle of Space Diversity transceiver ............................................................... 42
Figure 10-1: "Current loop" alarm input interface...................................................................................... 57

List of Tables

Page

Table 1-1 System configurations .................................................................................................................. 8


Table 1-2 Space Diversity configurations .................................................................................................... 8
Table 2-1 Frequency bands......................................................................................................................... 18
Table 2-2 ETSI Equipment Specifications & Class.................................................................................... 19
Table 2-3 ODU arrangements..................................................................................................................... 22
Table 2-4 Power consumption, average...................................................................................................... 26
Table 2-5 Power consumption, maximum.................................................................................................. 26
Table 2-6 Synchronisation quality levels ................................................................................................... 27
Table 2-7 System gain STM-1@32 TCM .................................................................................................. 30
Table 2-8 System gain STM-1@64 TCM .................................................................................................. 30
Table 2-9 System gain STM-1@128 TCM ................................................................................................ 30
Table 2-10 System gain STM-0@64 TCM ................................................................................................ 31
Table 2-11 System gain STM-0@32 TCM ................................................................................................ 31
Table 2-12 Signature mask STM-1............................................................................................................. 31
Table 2-13 Signature mask STM-0............................................................................................................. 31
Table 2-14 Co-channel Interference Sensitivity ......................................................................................... 32
Table 2-15 Adjacent Channel Interference Sensitivity, STM-1 ................................................................. 32
Table 2-16 Adjacent Channel Interference Sensitivity, STM-0 ................................................................. 32
Table 2-17 MTBF figures........................................................................................................................... 33
Table 3-1 Spurious Emissions .................................................................................................................... 34
Table 3-2 Maximum output power, STM-1 @ 32 TCM ............................................................................ 34
Table 3-3 Maximum output power, STM-1 @ 64 TCM ............................................................................ 35
Table 3-4 Maximum output power, STM-1@128 TCM ............................................................................ 35
Table 3-5 Maximum output power, STM-0 @ 32TCM ............................................................................. 36
Table 3-6 Maximum output power, STM-0 @ 64TCM ............................................................................. 36
Table 3-7 Receiver threshold, STM-1 @ 32 TCM..................................................................................... 38
Table 3-8 Receiver threshold, STM-1 @ 64 TCM..................................................................................... 38
Table 3-9 Receiver threshold, STM-1 @ 128 TCM................................................................................... 39
Table 3-10 Receiver threshold, STM-0 @ 32 TCM................................................................................... 39
Table 3-11 Receiver threshold, STM-0 @ 64 TCM................................................................................... 40
Table 3-12 Maximum input signal level..................................................................................................... 40
Table 3-13 Noise figure.............................................................................................................................. 41
Table 5-1 ODU waveguide flange type ...................................................................................................... 43
Table 6-1 Cable lengths, IF-cable, 13-38 GHz........................................................................................... 44
Table 6-2 Cable lengths, IF-cable, 5-11 GHz............................................................................................. 44
Table 7-1 Modulator characteristics ........................................................................................................... 45
Table 8-1 Utilisation of SOH bytes ............................................................................................................ 46
Table 10-1 Performance Calculations ........................................................................................................ 53

Appendix

Page

APPENDIX A: FREQUENCY SUB-BAND ARRANGEMENTS ........................................................................ 62


APPENDIX B: ALARM LIST ................................................................................................................................. 97

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

1. GENERAL
This document describes the CityLink with references to ETSI and SDH technology. A separate
document is available with ANSI and SONET specifications. Ref : CITYLINK\00051.
CityLink Fast Ethernet and EtherLink is described in: CITYLINK IP\00089 and CITYLINK IP\00091
The CityLink is a radio relay equipment for transmission of capacities from STM-0 to STM-1 in the 5 to
38 GHz frequency bands with 32, 64, or 128TCM modulation. The equipment operates in frequency
bands with channel spacing and duplex spacing as given in Table 2-1. Equipment specifications are in
accordance with relevant standards by ITU, ETSI and IEC.
The CityLink system consists of an Indoor Unit (IDU), an Outdoor Unit (ODU) and an antenna.
To reduce losses between the transceiver and the antenna, the ODU containing all the RF modules is
mounted at or nearby the antenna. The ODU is connected to the IDU by means of one single coaxial IF
cable. The distance between the IDU and the ODU can be up to 300 meters.
The IDU contains baseband circuitry, modem and ODU interface. The multi modulation modem enables
an easy selection of frequency plan arrangement and channel bandwidth eliminating the need for separate
modem versions. The IDU performs dual forward error coding contributing to excellent system gain. It
can have different line interface options, with an easy interchange from electrical STM-1 to various
optical STM-1 line interface plug-in modules. The indoor unit can also be equipped with an optional
multiplex unit, giving access to 21x2 Mbit/s, 3x34/45 Mbit/s or a STM-1 cross connect unit. In
configurations where the switch unit is used the line interface unit and multiplexer are placed in the
switch unit.

Management

SDH/SONET
Processing
Management
&
SNMP Agent

Optional
Multiplexer/
Tributary Unit
DC power feeding
& overvoltage
protection

Aux
traffic

STM-1
Plug-in
Line Interface

Modulator
Demodulator

155Mbit/s

155Mbit/s

Interface
towards ODU

Aux
traffic
Management

IDU with Multimodulation Modem

STM-1/OC-3
Plug-in
Line Interface

Optional
Multiplexer/
Tributary Unit

Management
&
SNMP Agent

SDH/SONET
Processing

Switch Unit

Figure 1-1: IDU and Switch Unit

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

1.1 System configurations


CityLink is available in the following configurations:
Frequency Band

5 GHz

6-11 GHz

13 15 GHz

1+0 (Unprotected)

STM-0 or STM-1

1+1 (Hot Standby)

STM-0 or STM-1

1+1 (Hot Standby) Dual


Baseband

18 23 GHz

26 38 GHz

STM-1

1+1 (Hot Standby) Dual


antenna

NA 1

STM-0 or STM-1

1+1 Frequency Diversity

STM-0 or STM-1

NA

1+1 Frequency Diversity


Dual Pol

STM-0 or STM-1

NA

2+0 Dual frequency Single


polarisation (DF-SP)

2xSTM-1

2+0 Single frequency Dual


Polarisation (SF-DP)

32 TCM only 2

NA

2+0 Alternating Polarisation


(AP)

2xSTM-12

STM-1

1+0 prepared for 2+0

Table 1-1 System configurations


Space Diversity and Hybrid Space Diversity is available as specified in the table below.
Frequency Band

5 11 GHz

13 15 GHz

18 23 GHz

26 38 GHz

OK

NA

NA

NA

Hybrid Space Diversity (HSB)

OK

NA

NA

NA

Hybrid Space Diversity (1+1 FD)

OK

OK

OK

NA

Space Diversity with IF combining


1+0,1+1 FD, HSB

Table 1-2 Space Diversity configurations

1
2

HSB Hybrid Space is available as an alternative configuration


ODU must be pole mounted for 26GHz -38 GHz

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

1.1.1 1+0 configuration


This system consists of one indoor unit and one outdoor unit interconnected with a single coaxial cable.
Figure 1-2 shows a 1+0 system overview. The IDU is a single unit with plug-in STM-1 line interface and
the optional Multiplexer Unit. The ODU is assembled by transceiver and branching. See also description
of ODU types in Chapter 2.4.3.
STM-1/OC-3
Plug-in
Line Interface
SDH/SONET
Processing

Management

Management
&
SNMP Agent

DC power feeding
& overvoltage
protection

Aux
traffic

Optional
Plug-in
Multiplex Unit
Modulator
Demodulator

155 Mb/s

Transceiver

Branching

Antenna

Coaxial cable
(up to 300 m)

Indoor unit (IDU)

Figure 1-2: 1+0 System Overview

1.1.2 HSB Configuration


In Hot Standby configuration the IDU, the transceiver unit, and the coaxial cable between IDU and ODU
are duplicated. The two transceivers share the same branching unit/hybrid (see also description of the
ODU part in Chapter2.4.3.). A switch at radio frequency level, included in the branching unit Note1, allows
for switching between the two transmitters. A Switching Unit is placed between the two IDUs and
performs hitless switching in the receive direction. The STM-1 line interface and Multiplex plug-in
modules are mounted in this switching unit. Signal interconnection between the IDUs and the switching
unit is by a multi connector and a split cable. See Chapter 9 for more details about the radio protection
switching function.

Transceiver

IDU-Modem
Coaxial cable

User interfaces

HSB
Branching
Unit

Switch Unit

Antenna
unit

Coaxial cable

Transceiver

IDU-Modem

Outdoor unit (ODU)

Indoor unit (IDU)

Figure 1-3: 1+1 Hot Standby System Overview

Note1

Some ODU types use a passive combiner/splitter at RF level.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

1.1.3 Hot standby configuration Dual Antenna Space Diversity


The Hot Standby configuration is also available with duplicated antenna, providing path diversity effect.
Tx-switching is achieved by muting the standby transmitter from the IDU. Both receivers are active and
selection of receive signal is performed by the IDU-switch. This configuration gives better system gain as
no HSB-hybrid loss is added. The configuration is available for 13-38 GHz, for 5-11 GHz HSB Hybrid
SD is an alternative. See chapter 1.1.8.

Transceiver
IDU-Modem
Coaxial cable

User interfaces

1+0
Branching

Antenna
unit

Switch Unit
Coaxial cable

IDU-Modem

1+0
Branching

Antenna
unit

Transceiver

Indoor unit (IDU)

Figure 1-4: Hot Standby-Dual Antenna System Overview

1.1.4 Hot standby configuration Dual Baseband


A special variant of the Hot Standby system is the Dual baseband option. In this configuration both IDUs
are equipped with STM-1 line interface units. The switching unit is not used in this configuration. The
feature enables line protection when used with muxes with dual/protected interfaces.
User interfaces

Transceiver

IDU-Modem
Coaxial cable

HSB
Branching
Unit
User interfaces

Antenna
unit

Coaxial cable

Transceiver

IDU-Modem

Indoor unit (IDU)

Outdoor unit (ODU)

Figure 1-5: Hot Standby Dual Baseband System Overview

10

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

1.1.5 1+1 Frequency Diversity


A 1+1 Frequency Diversity system operates on two frequencies where both transmitters are active.
Like in a HSB system the IDU, the ODU and the cable between them are protected and hitless switching
is performed by the switch unit. User interfaces are placed in the switch unit.
The system can be single or dual polarized. Single polarized system can not operate on adjacent channels.
In 13-23 GHz the dual polarized system has the advantage that the 2+0 coupler is not needed and better
system gain is achieved.
The ODU solutions are different in 5-11 GHz and 13-23 GHz. See figures below.
See Chapter 9 for more details about the radio protection switching function.
IDU-Modem
Coaxial cable

User
interfaces

IDU-Modem

Transceiver
User
interfaces

2+0
Branching

Switch Unit
Coaxial cable

IDU-Modem

Transceiver
Coaxial cable

Antenna
unit

Transceiver

H-pol
2+0 Dual Pol
Branching

Switch Unit
Coaxial cable

IDU-Modem

Indoor unit (IDU)

Transceiver

Antenna
V-pol

Indoor unit (IDU)


Outdoor unit (ODU)

Outdoor unit (ODU)

Figure 1-6: L6-11 GHz, 1+1 Frequency Diversity, Single and dual polarized system

Transceiver
IDU-Modem

1+0
Branching

Coaxial cable

User interfaces

H-pol

Antenna

Switch Unit
1+0
Branching

Coaxial cable

IDU-Modem

V-pol

Transceiver

Indoor unit (IDU)

Outdoor unit (ODU)

Figure 1-7: 13-23 GHz, 1+1 Frequency Diversity Dual Polarized system
Transceiver
IDU-Modem
User interfaces

Switch Unit
1+0
Branching

Coaxial cable

IDU-Modem

2+0
Diplexer

1+0
Branching

Coaxial cable

Antenna

Transceiver

Indoor unit (IDU)

Outdoor unit (ODU)

In 23 GHz and 18 GHz, 1560 Duplex a 1+1/2+0 branching with integrated diplexer is available

Figure 1-8: 13-23 GHz, 1+1 Frequency Diversity Single Polarized system

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

11

1.1.6 2+0 configuration


The 2+0 system can be used in three types of configuration:
Dual Frequency - Single Polarisation (DF-SP) utilise two frequencies on one polarisation.
Adjacent channels can not be used.
Alternating Polarisation (AP) utilise one frequency on each polarisation.
Single Frequency - Dual Polarisation (SF-DP) utilise the same frequency on both polarisations.
The ODU solutions are different in L6-11 GHz and 13-38 GHz. See figures below for block diagrams.
User
interfaces

IDU-Modem
Coaxial cable

Transceiver

Antenna

User
interfaces

Antenna
IDU-Modem

Transceiver
Coaxial cable

2+0 Dual Pol


Branching

2+0
Branching
User
interfaces

Coaxial cable

IDU-Modem

H-pol

User
interfaces

Transceiver

Indoor unit (IDU)

Coaxial cable

IDU-Modem

Transceiver

V-pol

Indoor unit (IDU)


Outdoor unit (ODU)

Outdoor unit (ODU)

Figure 1-9: L6-11 GHz, 2+0 Dual Frequency Single Polarisation and 2+0

User interfaces

Coaxial cable
(up to 300 m)

Transceiver

IDU-Modem
1+0
Branching

H-pol

Antenna
User interfaces

Coaxial cable
(up to 300 m)

IDU-Modem

1+0
Branching

V-pol

Transceiver

Indoor unit (IDU)

Outdoor unit (ODU)

Figure 1-10: 13-38 GHz, 2+0 Alternating Polarisation or 2+0 Single Frequency Dual Polarisation

User interfaces

IDU -Modem

Transceiver
1+0
Branching

Coaxial cable
(up to 300 m)

IDU -Modem

1+0
Branching

2+0
Diplexer

User interfaces

Coaxial cable
(up to 300 m)

Antenna

Transceiver

Indoor unit (IDU)

Outdoor unit (ODU)


Note: In 18 GHz, 1560 Duplex and 23 GHz -38 GHz a 1+1/2+0 branching with integrated diplexer is available

Figure 1-11: 13-38 GHz, 2+0 Dual Frequency Single Polarisation

12

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

1.1.7 Space Diversity


Space diversity with IF combining is available in the frequencies from 5 to 11GHz. It can be used in
combination with all other configurations. The two figures below shows a 1+1 Frequency Diversity and
1+1 HSB system. See chapter 4 for a description of the SD function.
1+1/2+0 SD Branching

IDU-Modem
Coaxial cable

User
interfaces

Main
Antenna

SD
Transceiver

Switch Unit
Coaxial cable

IDU-Modem

SD
Antenna

SD
Transceiver

Indoor unit (IDU)

Figure 1-12: 1+1 FD Space Diversity system L6-11 GHz

Branching Unit
IDU-Modem
Coaxial cable

User
interfaces

SD
Transceiver

Main
Antenna

Switch Unit
Coaxial cable

IDU-Modem

SD
Antenna

SD
Transceiver

Indoor unit (IDU)

Outdoor unit (ODU)

Figure 1-13: 1+1 HSB Space Diversity system 5-11 GHz

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

13

1.1.8 HSB Hybrid Space Diversity


HSB Hybrid Space diversity using standard XCVRs without IF combining is available for 5-11 GHz.
The splitter in the receiver branch is omitted and each receiver is connected to separate antennas. The
transmitters are using the main antenna. Waveguide is needed from the ODU to the SD antenna.
HSB HSD Branching Unit
Standard
Transceiver

IDU-Modem
Coaxial cable

User
interfaces

Main
Antenna

Sw itch Unit
Coaxial cable

SD
Antenna

Standard
Transceiver

IDU-Modem

Indoor unit (IDU)

Figure 1-14: 1+1 HSB Hybrid Space Diversity system 5-11 GHz

1.1.9 1+1 Hybrid Space Diversity


In a 1+1 Frequency Diversity system, hybrid diversity is implemented by using two antennas at one of the
sites. At this site one channel is connected to each antenna. Two 1+0 ODUs are used operating at
different frequencies. At the other site normal 1+1 FD system is used.
IDU
User
Interfaces

1+0
ODU

1+1
ODU

Switch

IDU

IDU

f1

1+0
ODU

Switch

f2

User
Interfaces

IDU

Figure 1-15: 1+1 Hybrid Space Diversity

14

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

1.2 Application examples for embedded Multiplexer


1.2.1 General
The IDU and the switch unit can be equipped with an embedded Multiplex unit. This Multiplex unit can
be used as a termination unit (without STM-1 Line Interface), or in combination with the STM-1 Line
Interface for add/drop purposes. The following Multiplex units are available:
1. 21x2Mbit/s
2. 3x34/45 Mbit/s
3. STM-1 X-connect.

SDH/SONET
Processing

Management

Management
&
SNMP Agent

DC power feeding
& overvoltage
protection

Aux
traffic

Optional
Plug-in
Multiplex Unit
Modulator
Demodulator

STM-1/OC-3
Plug-in
Line Interface

155 Mb/s

Transceiver

Antenna

Branching
Coaxial cable
(up to 300 m)

Indoor unit (IDU)

Figure 1-16 1+0 Terminal with Mux

1.2.2 Drop or Continue Chain topology, 2Mbit/s example


In chain topology configuration the traffic routed to the 21x2 Mbit/s tributary ports is selected from the
TU12s in the STM-1 signal from the radio side or alternatively from the STM-1 line interface. The "unterminated" TU-12/VC-12 will be routed between the radio side (modem) and the STM-1 line interface.
See figure below:
nx2Mb/s

nx2Mb/s
CityLink
IDU
STM-1
(TU12s)

CityLink
IDU
Modem

Modem

Modem
LIF

LIF

CityLink
IDU

21x2Mb

STM-1

LIF

CityLink
IDU

21x2Mb

Modem
LIF
STM-1

Logical diagram, ODU part not shown. LIF: STM-1 Line Interface

Figure 1-17 Chain Topology with 21x2 Mux

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

15

1.2.3 Add Drop Ring topology, 2Mbit/s example


In ring topologies the traffic routed to the 21x2 Mbit/s tributary ports is selected from the TU12s in the
STM-1 signal from the radio side and from the STM-1 line interface. The multiplex unit selects the
working trail on the receive side and sends on both trails in the transmit side. SNCP (Sub Network
Connection Protection) is used in this topology. The "un-terminated" TU-12/VC-12 will be routed
between the radio side and the STM-1 line interface. See figure below:
nx2Mb/s
CityLink
IDU

CityLink
IDU

21x2Mb

Modem

Modem
LIF

CityLink
IDU
Modem

nx2Mb/s

LIF

CityLink
IDU

LIF

Site
C

Site
A

STM-1
STM-1

21x2Mb

Modem

Site
B

LIF

STM-1
(TU12s)

STM-1

CityLink
IDU

Site
D

Modem
LIF
CityLink
IDU

21x2Mb

CityLink
IDU

Up to 42x2Mb/s can be
terminated on a site using
multiplex units in both IDUs.

Modem
LIF

21x2Mb

CityLink
IDU

STM-1

Modem

Modem
LIF

STM-1

LIF

Logical diagram, ODU part not shown. LIF: STM-1 Line Interface

Figure 1-18 Ring Topology with 21x2Mb/s Add and Drop

The figure shows one 2 Mbit/s connection in a ring structure. In one direction the 2 Mbit/s circuits enters
the ring as a VC-12 inside the STM-1 (Site A). In the radio the VC-12 is split into two directions. One
trail from Site A to Site B, and the other from Site A > Site D > Site C > Site B. The
working trail is selected at the receive side. The switching is individual for each of the VC-12s and is
independent in the two directions.

1.2.4 3x34/45 Mb/S and STM-1 X-connect


The 3x34/45 Mbit/s Multiplex Unit can be used in the same way as the 21x2 Mbit/s unit, in addition it
can be configured for broadcast configuration.
The STM1 X-connect can also be used to build branch topologies from a chain or a ring. The traffic to the
branch path or chain are then routed on VC-3 or VC-12 level to the tributary interface.

16

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

2. EQUIPMENT MAIN CHARACTERISTICS


2.1 System overview
A principle block diagram for a digital radio relay system, including the main blocks, is shown in Figure
1-1. The block diagram includes marked interface points, which serve as reference points for several
technical parameters used in this document.
IDU
X'

Data
interface

Z'

ODU

Modulator

E'

A'
Transmitter

B'
Tx RF Filter

C'

D'
Feeder

Branching

TRANSMITTER PATH

Data
interface

Demodulator

A
Receiver

B
Rx RF Filter

C
Branching

D
Feeder

RECEIVER PATH
Receiver

AD

Rx RF Filter

BD

Branching

CD

Feeder

DD

SD RECEIVER PATH

Figure 2-1: Principle block diagram for a radio system

2.2 ITU-R/CEPT Frequency bands and channel arrangements


The CityLink is available in ITU-R, CEPT and national frequency bands according to the following table:
Frequency
Channel Plan
Freq. Band
[GHz] For detailed info see Appendix A

Duplex
spacing
[MHz]

STM-1

STM-0

Page

BW [MHz] BW [MHz]

5 GHz

4.4-5.0

ITU-R F. 746-5

312

28

28

62

5 GHz

4.4-5.0

ITU-R F. 1099-3 Annex 1,1

300

40

NA

62

L6 GHz

5.9-6.4

252.04

29.65

29.65

63

U6 GHz

6.4-7.1

340

40

28

64

U6 GHz

6.4-7.1

ITU-R F.384-8

340

30

30

65

7 GHz

7.1-7.4

ITU-R F.385-7 Annex 3

196

28

28

66

7 GHz

7.1-7.4

CEPT 02-06 Annex 1

154

28

28/14

66

7 GHz

7.1-7.4

ITU-R F.385-7 Rec 1-4


(Various arrangements)

161

28

28/14

67/68

7 GHz

7.1-7.4

ACA Rali FX3, Appendix 1, 7.2

270

30

NA

67

7 GHz

7.2-7.6

ITU-R F.385-7

161

28

28

69

7 GHz

7.2-7.6

Korea

300

30

30

69

7 GHz

7.4-7.7

ITU-R F.385-7 Annex 3

168

28

28

70

7 GHz

7.4-7.7

ITU-R F.385-7 Annex 1,4

182

28

28

70

7 GHz

7.4-7.7

ITU-R F.385-7 Annex 1,5

154

28

28

71

ITU-R F. 383-7
CEPT 14-01E
ITU-R F.384-8
CEPT 14-02 E

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

17

Frequency
Channel Plan
Freq. Band
[GHz] For detailed info see Appendix A

Duplex
spacing
[MHz]

STM-1

STM-0

Page

BW [MHz] BW [MHz]

7 GHz

7.4-7.7

ITU-R F.385-7 Annex 1, 1


CEPT 02-06 Annex 1

154

28

28/14

71

7 GHz

7.4-7.7

ITU-R F.385-7 Rec 1-4


(Various Arrangements)

161

28

28/14

72/73

7 GHz

7.4-7.9

ITU-R F.385-7 Annex 4

245

28

28/14

74

8 GHz

7.7-8.3

ITU-R F.386-6 Annex 1

311.32

29.65

29.65

75

8 GHz

7.7-8.3

7.7-8.3 GHZ, 40 MHz CS

310

28

28

76

8 GHz

7.9-8.4

ITU-R F.386-6 Annex 4

266

28

28/14

77

8 GHz

8.2-8.5

8.2-8.5 Arrangement #1

154

28

28

78

8 GHz

8.2-8.5

ITU-R F.386-6 Annex 3, 1.1

119

28

28/14

78

11 GHz

10.7-11.7

ITU-R F. 387-9 Rec. 1

530

40

NA

79

11 GHz

10.7-11.7

ITU-R F. 387-9 Annex 1


CEPT 12-06 Rec. 1

530

40

NA

79

11 GHz

10.7-11.7

ITU-R F. 387-9 Annex 2


CEPT 12-06 Rec. 3

490

40

NA

80

11 GHz

10.7-11.7

10.7 11.7

490

40

NA

80

13 GHz

12.7-13.3

ITU-R F. 497-6
CEPT 12 02F

266

28

28/14

81

15 GHz

14.4-15.35

ITU-R F.636-3

490

28

28/14

82

15 GHz

14.5-15.35

ITU-R F.636-3

420

28

28/14

83

15 GHz

14.5-15.35

CEPT 12-07E

728

28

28/14

84

15 GHz

14.5-15.35

ACA RALI FX3

644

28

28/14

84

15 GHz

14.6-15.2

CFT Mexico

315

28

28/14

85

15 GHz

14.5-15.35

CNC Argentina

322

28

28

86

18 GHz

17.7-19.7

ITU-R F.595-8
CEPT 12-03E

1010

55/27.5

27.5/13.75

87

18 GHz

17.7-19.7

1560

55/27.5

27.5

89

23 GHz

21.2-23.6

ITU-R F.637-3 Annex 3


CEPT 13-02E

1008

56/28

28/14

90

23 GHz

22.0-23.6

RA 352

1008

56

91

23 GHz

21.2-23.6

ITU-R F.637-3 Annex 1

1232

56/28

28

92

23 GHz

21.2-23.6

ITU-R F.637-3 Annex 4

1200

50

NA

93

26 GHz

24.25-26.5

ITU-R F.748-4 Annex 1


CEPT 13-02E

1008

56/28

28

94

32 GHz

31.8-33.4

812

56/28

28

95

38 GHz

37.0-39.5

1260

56/28

28

96

ITU-R F.595-8 Annex 2


Norma No 15/96

ITU-R F.1520-2
CEPT (01)02
ITU-R F.749-2 Annex 1
CEPT 12-01E

Table 2-1 Frequency bands

18

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

2.3 Network Element Characteristics


2.3.1 ESTI Equipment Specifications & Class
Frequency band

Capacity

BW

Recommendation

Class

5*, 6, 7, 8, 13, 15
GHz

STM-1

~28MHz

EN 300 234

Class 5 Grade B

7, 8 GHz

STM-0

14 MHz

EN 301 216

Class 3

5*, 6, 7, 8 GHz

STM-0

~28 MHz

EN 301 216

Class 2

5*, 6, 11 GHz

STM-1

40 MHz

EN 301 461

Grade B

13,15,18 GHz

STM-0

14 MHz

EN 300 786

13,15,18 GHz

STM-0

28 MHz

EN 300 639

18 GHz

STM-1

27.5 MHz

EN 300 430

Class 5a

18 GHz

STM-1

55 MHz

EN 300 430

Class 4E

23 GHz

STM-1

28 MHz

EN 300 198

Class 5a

23 GHz

STM-1

55 MHz

EN 300 198

Class 4

26 GHz

STM-1

28 MHz

EN 300 431

Class 5a

26 GHz

STM-1

55 MHz

EN 300 431

Class 4

26 GHz

STM-0

28 MHz

EN 300 431

Class 4

32, 38 GHz

STM-1

28MHz

EN 300 197

Class 5a

32, 38 GHz

STM-1

56MHz

EN 300 197

Class 4

32, 38 GHz

STM-0

28 MHz

EN 300 197

Class 4

Note * : The specified ETSI-recommendations are not formally defined for the 5 GHz band.

Table 2-2 ETSI Equipment Specifications & Class.

2.3.2 Radio terminal configurations


The radio channel can be configured with RS- or MS-termination according to ITU-T Rec.G.783.
Figure 2-2 shows examples of various configurations. MST configuration requires the optional SETS
function.

RRT

RRT

RS
Other MS
equipment

MS

RRT

RRT

RS
MS

RS

MS

MS

Other MS
equipment

Figure 2-2: Configuration Examples


CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

19

2.3.3 Radio repeater configurations


A radio repeater is built by using two terminals. The interface between the terminals is at STM-1. The
repeater can be configured with RS-termination according to ITU-T Rec. G.783.

2.3.4 Radio channel identification


The radio channel is identified by two allocated bits in the media specific byte (MS#3) in the SOH. The
channel identification can be configured by the user.

2.3.5 Multiplex mapping/structure


The multiplex mapping follows ETS 300 147 as seen in the figure below.

Figure 2-3 Multiplex mapping structure

2.3.5.1 Traffic routing and trail configuration


The cross-connects between tributary port, modem port and/or line port are bi-directional. On the 21x2
Mbit/s Multiplex unit, any number of 2 Mbit/s ports can be enabled and each 2Mbit/s is mapping into a
TU12 is freely selected by the operator. In STM-0 mode only the first TUG-3 group may be used.

20

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

2.4 Mechanical characteristics


2.4.1 Installation
The equipment is very easy and quick to install. It is designed for stationary use in split mount
installations. One coaxial cable for each IDU / ODU pair is used. (i.e. Two cables needed for HSB, 1+1
FD and 2+0 systems).
The IDU can be installed as a stand-alone unit, or it can be mounted within an ETSI standard cabinet (ref.
ETSI EN 300 119) or in a standard 19 rack. (ref. IEC 297-2 and IEC 297-3).
The ODU can be mounted on the back of Nera antennas (=0.3 m, 0,45 m, 0.6 m or 1.2 m), or on a
vertical column (=60-115). A column arrangement for tower, wall, and roof mounting is optionally
supplied. ODUs in L6-11 GHz can only be mounted on the antenna pole/column.

2.4.2 IDU Description


The IDU is a single unit containing all the baseband circuitry, SDH processing and modem functions. All
connections are on the front of the unit. Figure 2-4 shows the IDU and the user connections on the IDU.
The IDU contains a plug-in STM-1 line interface, making it easy to select electrical or different types of
optical STM-1 line interfaces. The IDU does also have three options for embedded multiplexer.
21x2 Mbit/s
3x34/45 Mbit/s
STM-1 X-connect
See chapter 8.3 for specification of the interfaces.
In addition the IDU provides the following functions:
Service Channel Telephone with east/west connection
Wayside channel 2Mb/s or 1.5 Mb/s (1.5 Mb/s available with 34/45 Mb/s interface unit)
Two 64 kb/s channels. V.11 and G.703
Built in OSPF router
AUX port with parallel alarm input/output
Serial and TCP/IP management port

2Mbit/s WAYSIDE CHANNEL

EOW EXTENSION 1

64kbit/s SERVICE CHANNEL (G.703)

EOW PHONE

SAFETY
GROUND

64kb/s 2Mb/s SVCE


G.703 Wayside Ext. 1

STM-1 LINE INTERFACE


OPTIONAL
MULTIPLEX UNIT

ALARM STATUS
NETWORK INTERFACE (RS485)

Phone

NI 1
155 Mb/s LINE
CRITICAL

POWER

G.703
INP OUT

PWR

MAJOR
MINOR
WARNING

ODU

64kb/s
V.11

-48VDC

2MHz
Sync.

SVCE 10BaseT
Ext. 2
LAN

POWER

IDU - HSB INTFC

CALL

ALM & AUX

LCT

NI 2

NMS 10 BASE-T
LCT PORT (RS232)

ODU INTERFACE
N-TYPE FEMALE

EOW EXTENSION 2
ALARM & AUXILLARY FUNCTIONS
2MHz SYNC
EOW CALL BUTTON
64kbit/s SERVICE CHANNEL (V.11)

Figure 2-4 IDU Connections

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

21

2.4.3 IDU switch unit


All applicable connections shown above for the IDU are also available at the switch unit. In addition it
has dual power supply feed. All interfaces specified in chapter 8.3 are available also in the switching unit.
The unit has dual power supply connection.
64kb/s 2Mb/s SVCE
G.703 Wayside Ext. 1

POWER 1

POWER 2

Phone

NI 1
155 Mb/s LINE

PWR
1
2

CRITICAL
MAJOR
MINOR

64kb/s
V.11

-48VDC

RX DIR.A
RX DIR.B

2MHz
Sync.

SVCE 10BaseT
Ext. 2
LAN

IDU - HSB INTFC

CALL

ALM & AUX

LCT

NI 2

TX DIR.A

WARNING

TX DIR.B

HOT STANDBY INTERCONNECTION

Figure 2-5 IDU Switch Unit

2.4.4 ODU Description


Four different types of ODU arrangement are used depending on frequency band and duplex spacing.
Frequency band
[GHz]

Duplex spacing
[MHz]

ODU Type

5-11

NA

ODU Type II

13-15
18
18
23 GHz
26-38 GHz

NA
1010
1560
All
All

ODU Type I, version 2


ODU Type I, version 2
ODU Type I, version 1
ODU Type I, version 1
ODU Type III

Table 2-3 ODU arrangements


Type II ODU

Outdoor Unit 1+1/2+0

Outdoor Unit 1+0

The Type II ODU consists of a weatherproof box containing the branching system and a transceiver unit
mounted on the branching box. Two transceivers can be mounted to the branching unit for HSB, 1+1 FD
or 2+0 configuration. The ODU is mounted on a column behind the antenna. The branching unit contains
RF channel filters and antenna circulator. The Hot Standby branching contains in addition a RF switch for
transmit direction and a RF power splitter for the receive direction.

22

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Type I ODU, version 1

The Type I version 1 ODU consists of a branching unit and a Transceiver. The branching is mounted on
the back of the antenna or detached on a mounting frame on a mast/pole. The Transceiver module is a
plug-in unit mounted on the branching. In 1+0 configuration the branching unit will hold only one
transceiver and in Hot Standby and 2+0 DF-SP configurations the branching will hold two transceivers.
The branching module contains band pass filters and antenna duplexer. The Hot Standby branching
contains in addition an RF switch for transmit direction and an RF power splitter for the receive direction.
The 2+0 branching contains an RF combiner for transmit side and an RF power splitter for receive side.
Two 1+0 ODUs are used for dual polarized 2+0 systems.
Type I ODU, version 2

Outdoor Unit HSB

Outdoor Unit 1+0

The Type I, version II ODU consists of a weatherproof box containing the branching and transceivers.
The ODU housing containing the multichannel branching comes in two versions, 1+0 and HSB. The Hot
Standby branching contains in addition to the diplexer a RF switch for transmit direction and a RF power
splitter for the receive direction. 2+0 and 1+1 FD configurations are using two 1+0 ODUs which may be
connected with a 2+0 coupler for single polarized systems. The ODU is mounted directly behind the
antenna on an integrated frame or optionally on a mounting frame for pole mounting. On the integrated
frame two units can be mounted.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

23

Type III ODU

Outdoor Unit 1+0

Outdoor Unit 1+1/2+0

The Type III of the ODU consists of a Transceiver unit with a built in multichannel diplexer. The ODU
box is mounted on the antenna or on a pole/column behind the antenna. In Hot Standby configurations the
ODU is mounted on a frame containing a RF combiner/power splitter. As an alternative duplicated
antennas can be used, then the RF combiner/power splitter is omitted. In 2+0 DF-SP configuration the
ODU part is identical to a Hot Standby configuration except that both transceivers are transmitting.

2.4.5 Dimensions
IDU* :
IDU switch *:

444 mm (W) x 226 mm (D) x 44 mm (H)


444 mm (W) x 226 mm (D) x 44 mm (H)

The minimum height of a complete Hot Standby IDU is: 3RU (1RU = 44.45 mm).
*The width and depth of the unit are exclusive flanges (mounting brackets) and table studs for free-standing mounting. Special
brackets for mounting into different cabinets are available.

ODU Type I, version 1


1+0 terminal:
HSB and 2+0 (DF-SP) terminal:
2+0 (SF-DP or AP) terminal

135 mm (W) x 310 mm (D) x 430 mm (H)


225 mm (W) x 310 mm (D) x 450 mm (H)
2x ODU, 1+0 terminal

ODU Type I, version 2


1+0 terminal:
Hot standby terminal:
2+0 terminal:

140 mm (W) x 296 mm (D) x 426 mm (H)


208 mm (W) x 302 mm (D) x 429 mm (H)
2x ODU, 1+0 terminal

ODU Type II, 1+1 / 2+0:


1+0:

468 mm (W) x 338 mm (D) x 432 mm (H)


346 mm (W) x 338 mm (D) x 432 mm (H)

ODU Type III, 1+0 terminal:


275 mm (W) x 175 mm (D) x 295 mm (H)
Hot standby and 2+0 (DF-SP) terminal: 392 mm (W) x 275 mm (D) x 295 mm (H)
Outdoor unit, 2+0 (SF-DP):
2x ODU, 1+0 terminal

24

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

2.4.6 Weights
Indoor unit:
Hot standby IDU switch:
ODU Type I Transceiver unit:
ODU 1+1/2+0:
ODU 1+0:
ODU Type II Transceiver unit:
Branching unit:
ODU 1+1/2+0:
ODU 1+0:
ODU Type III System 1+0:
Hot Standby/2+0
Antenna unit (Diameter 0.3m):
Antenna unit (Diameter 0.45m):
Antenna unit (Diameter 0.6m):
Antenna unit (Diameter 1.2m):

4 kg
4 kg
4.5 kg
19 kg
11.5 kg
10 kg
11 kg
31 kg
21 kg
8 kg
20 kg
10 kg
11 kg
12 kg
38 kg

2.5 Safety conditions


The equipment conforms to EN60215 and EN60950. The optical interfaces conform to EN60825-1 and
EN60825-2.

2.6 Electro Magnetic Compatibility conditions (EMC)


The equipment conforms to the EMC standard as specified in EN301489 part 1 and 4.

2.7 Equipment type approval


The equipment is type approved and labelled according to EU Directive 1999/5/EC.
The CE marking is located on both IDU and ODU.

2.8 Environmental conditions


The equipment conforms to the environmental classes defined in ETS-300-019:
Transportation:
Storage:

Use:

ETSI-EN-300-019-1-2, class 2.3, public transportation.


(temperature range: -40 C to +70 C).

ETSI-EN-300-019-1-1, class 1.2, weather protected,


not temperature-controlled storage locations.
(extreme temperature range: -25 C to +55 C).
Indoor mounted units: Temperature range: -5 C to +50 C.
According to ETSI-EN-300-019-1-3, class 3.2, partly temperaturecontrolled locations, for temperature 5 C to +45 C.
For temperatures between +45C and +50C the relative humidity
shall be between 5% and 40%.
Outdoor mounted units: Standard temperature range: -33 C to +50 C.
According to ETSI-EN-300-019-1-4, class 4.1, non weather
protected locations, for temperature -33 C to +40 C.
For temperatures below 0C the equipment must be switched on
for at least 10 minutes in order to operate according to the
specifications.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

25

2.9 Power supply


The equipment operates from a battery supply between -40.5 volt and -57 volt, nominally -48 volt DC
according to ETS 300 132-2. The primary DC-power is supplied to the indoor unit through a fuse and a
filtering function that includes input filter to attenuate the common mode noise.
The power to the outdoor unit is supplied from the indoor unit via the IF coaxial cable.
Average power consumption *:
Frequency band:
[GHz]

6-11

13-15

18-25

26-38

1+0 System

< 103 W

< 68 W

< 77 W

< 68 W

HSB/1+1 System

< 222 W

< 152 W

< 170 W

< 152 W

2+0 System

< 206 W

< 136 W

< 154 W

< 136 W

* With nominal battery supply voltage, i.e. -48 volt.

Table 2-4 Power consumption, average


Maximum power consumption *:
Frequency band:
[GHz]

6-11

13-15

IDU

28 W

Multiplex unit

13 W

Switch Unit

16 W

18-25

26-38

ODU

< 95 W

< 80 W

< 85 W

< 75 W

1+0 System

< 123 W

< 108 W

< 113 W

< 103 W

HSB/1+1 System

< 262 W

< 232 W

< 242 W

< 222 W

2+0 System

< 246 W

< 216 W

< 226 W

< 206 W

Applies when the temperature is below +15C or at power on. Nominal battery supply voltage, i.e. -48 volt.

Table 2-5 Power consumption, maximum

26

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

2.10 System synchronisation


The CityLink contains an optional SETS function. In RST mode the SETS function is not required and
the incoming STM-1 is transmitted without re-timing. Transmit and receive directions are independent
from each other and can have different timing sources.
In MST mode the SETS function is providing the equipment clock. The SETS units can be synchronised
to one of the following sources:
155 Mbit/s signal from line side
155 Mbit/s signal from radio side
2 MHz clock input
One selectable 2 Mbit/s input signal on 21x2 Mbit/s multiplex unit (only applicable if 21x2 Mbit/s
multiplex unit is present.
155 Mbit/s signal from tributary side (only applicable if STM-1 X-connect unit is present)
Internal oscillator (free running)
The user sets the available synchronisation references in priority order. The highest quality source is used
to synchronise the equipment clock, but if there are several sources available with equally high quality,
the source with higher priority is used. If a timing source is not available (loss of signal) or its timing
signal is outside tolerances, the SETS unit will select the next available source with the highest quality.

2.10.1 Synchronisation status messaging


Synchronisation status messaging can be used to ensure that the best available timing source will be used.
The messaging is also used to prevent timing loops in SDH ring and mesh networks. The status
messaging is transferred in the S1 byte in the Section Overhead.
The synchronisation status quality levels are shown in the table below.
Abbr.
G.811
G.812T
G.812L
SETS
Do Not Use

ETSI Ref.
QL_PRC
QL_SSU T
QL_SSU L
QL_SEC
QL_DNU

Quality
Primary Reference Clock (PRC) defined in ITU-T rec. G.811
Transit node clock defined in ITU-T rec. G.812
Local node clock defined in ITU-T rec. G.812
Synchronous Equipment Timing Source (internal oscillator)
Do not use for synchronisation (to prevent timing loops)

Table 2-6 Synchronisation quality levels


In case the synchronisation status message is not contained in the synchronisation input signal, for
example in the 2 MHz or in 2Mbit/s input signal, the quality level can be defined manually by the
operator.

2.10.2 2.048 MHz synchronisation input/output characteristics


Electrical interface according to ITU-T Rec. G.703:
Frequency:
Impedance:
Return loss (2.048 MHz):
Pulse amplitude (2MHz output): Maximum
Minimum
Maximum attenuation of input signal at 1.024 MHz:
Connector type:

2.048 MHz 4.6 ppm*


120 balanced.
15 dB
1.9 V
1.0 V
6 dB
RJ-45

* Actual output frequency is depending on the synchronisation source accuracy

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

27

2.11 Control and Supervision facilities


In order to facilitate system control and fault finding, an internal control- and supervision system is
included. This system is used to perform configuration-, fault-, event-, performance and security
management. See Chapter 10 for more details.

2.11.1 Loopbacks
For testing and fault finding there is a variety of integrated configurable loopbacks. Figure 2-6 and the
table below shows possible loops for the main data. In addition, the 64 kbit/s channel and the E1 wayside
channel may be looped. Only one loop may be active at any time.
In the hot standby IDU switch far end loops for each protected interface are included.

ODU

IDU
SOH processing

STM-1

Line
Decoder

MODULATOR

IF LINE 5)
Interface

1) 2)
STM-1

Line
Encoder

IF

DEMODULATOR

IF

TRANSMITTER

RF

Coaxial
Cable

IF

IF LINE
Interface

6)

IF

RECEIVER

RF

3)
MULTIPLEX UNIT

4)

21xE1,
3xE3/DS3 or
STM-1 ext.

Figure 2-6 Looping of main data


Name
STM-1 loop, far-end
STM-1 loop, near-end
Multiplex unit
E1, E3 or STM-1 loop, near end
Multiplex unit
E1, E3 or STM-1 loop, far end
IF loop IDU, near-end
IF loop ODU, near-end
E1 wayside loop, near-end
E1 wayside loop, far-end
64 kbit/s loops, far-end

Description
Loop 1) in Figure 2-6.
Loop 2) in Figure 2-6.
Loop 3) in Figure 2-6.
Loop 4) in Figure 2-6.
Loop 5) in Figure 2-6.
Loop 6) in Figure 2-6.
The incoming E1 wayside is looped back to E1 wayside output.
The E1 wayside output is looped back to E1 wayside input.
The 64 kbit/s data channel output may be looped back to the
corresponding input.

2.11.2 PRBS test signal


The IDU has an integrated test function consisting of a PRBS generator and bit error counter function.
The test function can be used to insert a PRBS test signal into the 2 Mb/s Wayside or (if the mux function
is present) any of the 2/34/45 Mb/s tributary signals.
The bit error counter can present number of bit errors or the average bit error rate over the elapsed test
time. The directions can be tested individually or both go and return channel can be tested in combination
with the loop function.

28

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

2.11.3 MS-AIS insertion


MS-AIS may be inserted when one of the following criteria is detected:
Loss of synchronisation at 155 Mbit/s signal.
RF identification mismatch.
HBER (high bit error rate) threshold, in direction from the transceiver, is exceeded.
Regenerator section trace (J0) mismatch.
The MS-AIS insertion, in both directions, cab be configured by the user.
The MS-AIS removal time may be configured from 0 to 199 seconds in one-second steps.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

29

2.12 System performance


2.12.1 Equipment background BER (Residual BER)
Guaranteed equipment background BER 10-13. Typical residual BER 10-14.

2.12.2 System gain


Typical values: STM-1/3xE3, 32TCM (~56 MHz BW) @ BER 10-6 - ref point CC.
18
18
1560 MHz 1010 MHz
Duplex
Duplex

Frequency band: [GHz]

23

26

32

38

1+0 system gain [dB]

91

90.5

90

90

87

87

Hot standby system gain [dB]

85

85.5

84

83

80

80

2+0 (SF-DP) / (AP) [dB]

91

90.5

90

90

87

87

83.5

84.5

83

83

80

80

2+0 (DF-SP) [dB]


* : High power version

Table 2-7 System gain STM-1@32 TCM


Typical values: STM-1/3xE3, 64TCM (40 MHz BW) @ BER 10-6 - ref point CC
Frequency band: [GHz]

U6

11

18

1+0 system gain [dB]

100.5

100

97

87.5

Hot standby system gain [dB]

96.5

96

92.5

81.5

2+0 (AP) [dB]

100.5

100

97

87.5

2+0 (DF-SP) [dB]

100.5

100

96.5

80

Table 2-8 System gain STM-1@64 TCM


Typical values: STM-1/3xE3, 128TCM (~28 MHz BW) @ BER 10-6 - ref point CC.
Frequency band: [GHz]
1+0 system gain [dB]
Hot standby system gain
[dB]
2+0 (AP) [dB]
2+0 (DF-SP) [dB]

L6

U6

11

13/15

18

23

26

32/38

98.5

99

98

98.5

98

94.5

89.5

84

84

84.5

81.5

94

95

94

94.5

94

90

84.5

79

78

77.5

74.5

98.5

99

98

98.5

98

94.5

89.5

84

84

84.5

81.5

98

99

97.5

98

98

94

83

77.5

77

77.5

74.5

Table 2-9 System gain STM-1@128 TCM

30

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Typical values: STM-0, 64TCM (~14 MHz BW) @ BER 10-6 - ref point CC.
Frequency band: [GHz]

L6

U6

11

13/15

18

23

105

105.5

104.5

103.5

103

100.5

96

91

90

100.5

101

100.5

99.5

99

96.5

90.5

85.5

84.5

1+0 system gain [dB]


Hot standby system gain
[dB]

Table 2-10 System gain STM-0@64 TCM


Typical values: STM-0, 32TCM (~28 MHz BW) @ BER 10-6 - ref point CC.
Frequency band: [GHz]
1+0 system gain [dB]
Hot standby system gain
[dB]

L6

U6

11

13/15

18

23

26

32/38

107.5

108

107

106

105.5

103

98.5

94.5

93.5

94

91

103

103.5

103

102

101.5

99

93

89

88

87

82

Table 2-11 System gain STM-0@32 TCM

2.12.3 System signature


The CityLink includes an Adaptive Time Domain Equaliser (ATDE). The system signature is specified
below:
The system will recover after loss of synchronisation if the notch-depth is less than the limit specified for
BER = 10-3 for both minimum and non-minimum phase.
Signature Mask
(delay 6.3ns)

32 TCM
BER

Max. notch depth, minimum and


non-minimum phase [dB]
Signature bandwidth [MHz]
Signature factor, typical value
Dispersive Fading Margin
(Bellcore), typical value [dB]

64 TCM

128 TCM
5-11 GHz

128 TCM
13-38 GHz

10-3

10-6

10-3

10-6

10-3

10-6

10-3

10-6

19

17

19

17

19

17

19

17

34
1.2
54

37
1.8
51

28
0.6
54

33
1.0
52

25
0.8
55

26
1.3
53

25
1.0
54

26
1.5
52

Table 2-12 Signature mask STM-1


Signature Mask
(delay 6.3ns)

32 TCM
BER

Max. notch depth, minimum and


non-minimum phase [dB]
Signature bandwidth [MHz]
Signature factor, typical value
Dispersive Fading Margin
(Bellcore), typical value [dB]

64 TCM

10-3

10-6

10-3

10-6

24

22

24

22

14
0.3
64

15
0.5
57

13
0.3
64

14
0.4
58

Table 2-13 Signature mask STM-0

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

31

2.13 Interference sensitivity


According to ETSI specifications listed in Table 2-2Error! Reference source not found.

2.13.1 Co-channel interference sensitivity


The limits of the co-channel interference sensitivity are shown in Table 2-14, referred to point C. The
table shows maximum C/I values for 1 dB and 3 dB increase of the 10-6 BER threshold. The co-channel
interference sensitivity is equal for STM-0 and STM-1.
C/I at BER = 10-6
@ RSL Degradation
System
128 TCM, all frequencies
128 TCM with dual FEC, all frequencies
64 TCM, all frequencies
32 TCM, all frequencies

1 dB
33 dB
31.5 dB
29 dB
26 dB

3 Db
29 dB
27.5 dB
25 dB
22 dB

Table 2-14 Co-channel Interference Sensitivity

2.13.2 Adjacent channel interference sensitivity


The limits of the adjacent channel interference sensitivity are as given in Table 2-15 and Error!
Reference source not found., referred to point C. The tables show maximum C/I values for 1 dB and 3
dB increase of the 10-6 BER threshold.
Max. C/I @ BER 10-6
Equipment
Threshold
degradation
5,U6,11 GHz
L6,7,8,13,15 GHz
18 GHz
23-38 GHz

STM-1 @ 32TCM

STM-1 @ 64TCM

STM-1 @ 128TCM

1 dB

3 dB

1 dB

3 dB

1 dB

3 dB

NA
NA
-5 dB
-1 dB

NA
NA
-9 dB
-5 dB

-4 dB
NA
2 dB
NA

-8 dB
NA
-2 dB
NA

3 dB
3 dB
3 dB
3 dB

-1 dB
-1 dB
-1 dB
-1 dB

Table 2-15 Adjacent Channel Interference Sensitivity, STM-1


Max. C/I @ BER 10-6
32TCM

32TCM

64TCM

28/27.5 MHz

14 MHz (ACAP)

14/13.75 MHz

Equipment
Threshold
degradation
5-11 GHz
13 GHz
15 GHz
18 GHz
23-38 GHz

1 dB

3 dB

1 dB

3 dB

1 dB

3 dB

-8 dB
-10 dB
-10 dB
-10 dB
-10 dB

-12 dB
-13.5 dB
-13.5 dB
-13.5 dB
-13.5 dB

NA
NA
18 dB
NA
NA

NA
NA
14.5 dB
NA
NA

-5 dB
-6 dB
-6 dB
-2 dB
-1 dB 1

-9 dB
-9.5 dB
-9.5 dB
-5.5 dB
-5 dB 1

Table 2-16 Adjacent Channel Interference Sensitivity, STM-0

Applies to 23 GHz only

32

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

2.14 System processing delay


The total system processing delay from the OC-3 line interface on the transmitting IDU to OC-3 line
interface on the receiving IDU is < 20s. Propagation delay is not included.
When dual FEC (RS coding) is used the system processing delay is < 115s.

2.15 System reliability


2.15.1 Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF)
The MTBF figures are predicted and calculated according to methods in MIL-HDBK-217E including
adjustment for experienced field data.
Unit name:

Transceiver Unit 5-11 GHz


Transceiver Unit 13-23 GHz
Transceiver Unit 26-38 GHz
Branching unit, 1+0 / 2+0 Note 1
Branching unit, HSB inc. RF switch Note 1
Indoor unit
STM-1el plug-in G.703
STM-1 el plug-in UTP RJ-45
STM-1 opt plug-in S-1.1 LC
OC-3 opt plug-in MM MT-RJ
STM-1 opt 1310 nm, L-1.1
STM-1 opt 1550 nm, L-1.2
Muliplex units:
21x2M, 120ohm
3x34M, 75ohm
STM-1 X-connect
IDU switch unit

MTBF,
25 C ambient temp:
[Hours]
>300 000
>360 000
>250 000
>2 700 000
>2 100 000
>450 000
>5 000 000
>3 300 000
>4 700 000
>4 700 000
>2 300 000
>4 700 000

MTBF,
50 C ambient temp:
[Hours]
>200 000
>140 000
>140 000
>2 600 000
>2 000 000
>340 000
>2 400 000
>1 770 000
>1 900 000
>1 900 000
>1 100 000
>1 900 000

>1 400 000


>1 100 000
>1 000 000
> 830 000

>1 100 000


>1 000 000
> 940 000
>690 000

Table 2-17 MTBF figures

Note 1

Not applicable for ODU type III

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

33

3. TRANSCEIVER CHARACTERISTICS
3.1 RF-input monitoring
One BNC/TNC connector at the transceiver unit is available for RF-input monitoring. In ODU type I and
II 5-23 GHz, the connector is located on the branching/ODU housing.
The RF-input may also be monitored at the local LCT (NEW Configurator) or by NEW-NMS.
The measurement refers to point C.
Accuracy:

3 dB for input levels from 60 dBm to 30 dBm. ( 2 dB for 5 - 11 GHz)


The accuracy applies to software reading and also the voltage at the BNC/TNC connector
converted into dB.

3.2 Spurious emissions


ETSI: The limit values of transmitter spurious emissions measured in point C are shown in Table 3-1.
According to CEPT/ERC Recommendation 74-01, the external spurious emissions are defined as
emissions at frequencies which are outside the nominal carrier frequency +/- 250% of the relevant
channel separation.
30 MHz to 21.2 GHz
21.2 GHz to 60 GHz

-50 dBm
-30 dBm

Table 3-1 Spurious Emissions

3.3 Transmitter characteristics


3.3.1 Maximum output power STM-1 @ 32TCM (~56 MHz channel plans)
Typical values measured with modulation (PRBS-data). STM-1 @ 32 TCM, Ref. Point C. Guaranteed
values are 1 dB below the typical values (2 dB for 26GHz-38 GHz in HSB and 2+0 DF-SP
configuration). Maximum level is 2 dB above typical values.
18
1560 MHz
Duplex

18
1010 MHz
Duplex

23

26

32

38

+18

+18

+17.5

+18

+16

+16

Hot standby system; [dBm]

+15.5

+16

+15

+15

+13

+13

2+0 (SF-DP) / (AP) [dBm]

+18

+18

+17.5

+18

+16

+16

2+0 (DF-SP) [dBm]

+14

+14

+14

+15

+13

+13

Frequency band: [GHz]


1+0 system; [dBm]

Table 3-2 Maximum output power, STM-1 @ 32 TCM

34

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

3.3.2 Maximum output power STM-1 @ 64TCM (40 MHz channel plans)
Typical values measured with modulation (PRBS-data). STM-1 @ 64 TCM, Ref. Point C. Guaranteed
values are 1.5 dB below the typical values (1 dB for 18 GHz). Maximum level is 2 dB above typical
values.
Frequency band: [GHz]

U6

11

18

1+0 system; [dBm]

+28.5

+28.5

+26.5

+17

Hot standby system; [dBm]

+28.5

+28.5

+26.5

+14.5

2+0 (AP) [dBm]

+28.5

+28.5

+26.5

+17

2+0 (DF-SP) [dBm]

+28.5

+28.5

+26.5

+13

Table 3-3 Maximum output power, STM-1 @ 64 TCM

3.3.3 Maximum output power STM-1 @ 128TCM (~28 MHz channel plans)
Typical values measured with modulation (PRBS-data). STM-1 @ 128 TCM, Ref. Point C. Guaranteed
values are 1.5 dB below the typical values for 5 GHz-15GHz, (1 dB for 18GHz-38 GHz) (2 dB for
26GHz-38 GHz in HSB and 2+0 DF-SP configuration). Maximum level is 2 dB above typical values.
Frequency band: [GHz]

L6

U6

11

+28.5

+28.5

+28

+27.5

+27.5

+26.5

+28

+28.5

+28

+27.5

+27

+26

2+0 (AP) [dBm]

+28.5

+28.5

+28

+27.5

+27.5

+26.5

2+0 (DF-SP) [dBm]

+28.5

+28.5

+28

+27.5

+27.5

+26

1+0 system; [dBm]


Hot standby system; [dBm]

13/15

18
1010 MHz
Duplex

23

26

32

38

1+0 system; [dBm]

+20

+16

+15.5

+17

+15

+15

Hot standby system; [dBm]

+18

+14

+13

+14

+12

+12

2+0 (AP) [dBm]

+20

+16

+15.5

+17

+15

+15

2+0 (DF-SP) [dBm]

+17

+13

+12

+14

+12

+12

Frequency band: [GHz]

Table 3-4 Maximum output power, STM-1@128 TCM

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

35

3.3.4 Maximum output power STM-0 @ 32TCM (~28 MHz channel plans)
Typical values ref. Point C.
Guaranteed values are 1.5 dB below the typical values for 5 GHz-15GHz, (1 dB for 18 GHz-38 GHz) (2
dB for 26GHz-38 GHz in HSB and 2+0 DF-SP configuration). Maximum level is 2 dB above typical
values.
Frequency band:
[GHz]

L6

U6

11

13/15

18

23

26

32/38

1+0 system; [dBm]

+28.5

+28.5

+28.5

+27.5

+27.5

+26.5

+20

+18

+17.5

+18

+16

Hot standby system;


[dBm]

+28.5

+28.5

+28.5

+27.5

+27

+26

+18

+15.5

+15

+15

+13

Table 3-5 Maximum output power, STM-0 @ 32TCM

3.3.5 Maximum output power STM-0 @ 64TCM (14 MHz channel plans)
Typical values ref. Point C.
Guaranteed values are 1.5 dB below the typical values for 5 GHz-15GHz, (1 dB for 18 GHz-23 GHz)
Maximum level is 2 dB above typical values.
Frequency band: [GHz]

18
23
1010 MHz 1008 MHz
Duplex
Duplex

L6

U6

11

13/15

1+0 system; [dBm]

+28.5

+28.5

+28.5

+27.5

+27.5

+26.5

+20

+17

+16.5

Hot standby system;


[dBm]

+28.5

+28.5

+28.5

+27.5

+27

+26

+18

+14.5

+14

Table 3-6 Maximum output power, STM-0 @ 64TCM

36

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

3.3.6 Automatic/Manual Transmitter Power Control (ATPC/MTPC)


ATPC is an optional feature, which is aimed to drive the TX power amplifier output level from a proper
minimum, which is calculated to facilitate the radio network planning and is used in the case of normal
propagation, up to a maximum value, which is given in Chapter 3.3.1. When ATPC is disabled (i.e.
MTPC mode), the output power can be set by the user.
ATPC-figures:
Transmitter power output regulation speed:
ATPC-range
ODU Type I (18/23 GHz) and Type III (26/38 GHz):
ODU Type I (13/15 GHz) and Type II (5/6/7/8/11 GHz):
Nominal input level is adjustable by the user.
Adjustment range:

> 10 dB/s
10 dB
15 dB
-30 dBm to -60 dBm

In Hot Standby configuration ATPC may be used when simultaneous switching of Tx and Rx switches
within a terminal is enabled.
MTPC figures:
MTPC range:
ODU Type I (18/23 GHz) and Type III (26/38 GHz):
ODU Type I (13/15 GHz) and Type II (5/6/7/8/11 GHz):
Step size:
Accuracy:

10 dB
15 dB

1dB
See output power tolerance in Chapter 3.3 For the 26-38 GHz radio the accuracy
applies only to 10 dB MTPC range from maximum output level.

3.3.7 TX-oscillator frequency tolerance


Frequency tolerance:
10 ppm
This limit includes both short-term factors (environmental effects) and long-term ageing effects.

3.3.8 Spectral lines at the symbol rate


The power level (reference point B') of spectral lines at a distance from the channel centre frequency
equal to the symbol rate are more than 37 dB below the average power level of the carrier.

3.3.9 IF input characteristics


Centre frequency:
Input level (at 350MHz):
Impedance:

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

350 MHz
-42 dBm to +1dBm
50 unbalanced

CityLink XT

37

3.4 Receiver characteristics


3.4.1 Receiver threshold STM-1 @ 32TCM (~56 MHz channel plans)
Typical values for receiver threshold in point C (measured with PRBS of 223-1). Guaranteed values are 1
dB higher.
1+0 system & 2+0 (SF-DP) / (AP):
Frequency band: [GHz]

18
18
1560 MHz 1010 MHz
Duplex
Duplex

23

26

32

38

BER 10-3 [dBm]

-76

-75.5

-75.5

-75

-74

-74

BER 10-6 [dBm]

-73

-72.5

-72.5

-72

-71

-71

BER 10-10 [dBm]

-71

-70.5

-70.5

-70

-69

-69

23

26

32

38

Hot standby system & 2+0 (DF-SP):


Frequency band: [GHz]

18
18
1560 MHz 1010 MHz
Duplex
Duplex

BER 10-3 [dBm]

-72.5

-72.5

-72

-71

-70

-70

BER 10-6 [dBm]

-69.5

-69.5

-69

-68

-67

-67

BER 10-10 [dBm]

-67.5

-67.5

-67

-66

-65

-65

Table 3-7 Receiver threshold, STM-1 @ 32 TCM

3.4.2 Receiver threshold STM-1 @ 64TCM (40 MHz channel plans)


Typical values for receiver threshold in point C (measured with PRBS of 223-1).
Guaranteed values are 1 dB higher.
1+0 system & 2+0 (AP):
Frequency band: [GHz]

U6

11

18

BER 10-3 [dBm]

-75

-74.5

-73

-73.5

BER 10-6 [dBm]

-72

-71.5

-70

-70.5

BER 10-10 [dBm]

-68

-67.5

-66

-66.5

U6

11

18

-70.5
-74.5*
-67.5
-71.5*
-63.5
-67.5*

-70
-73.5*
-66.5
-70*
-62.5
-66*

Hot standby system & 2+0 (DFSP):


Frequency band: [GHz]

-71
-75*
-68
BER 10-6 [dBm]
-72*
-64
BER 10-10 [dBm]
-68*
*: 2+0 DF-SP receiver threshold figures.
BER 10-3 [dBm]

-70
-67
-63

Table 3-8 Receiver threshold, STM-1 @ 64 TCM

38

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

3.4.3 Receiver threshold STM-1 @ 128TCM (~28 MHz channel plans)


Typical values for receiver threshold in point C (measured with PRBS of 223-1). Guaranteed values are 1
dB higher. For 7 and 8 GHz the guaranteed values are 2 dB higher.
1+0 system & 2+0 (AP):
Frequency
band: [GHz]
BER 10-3
[dBm]
BER 10-6
[dBm]
BER 10-10
[dBm]

18

23

L6

U6

11

13/15

1010 MHz
Duplex

1008 &
1232 MHz
Duplex

-72

-72.5

-72

-73

-72.5

-70

-71.5

-69.5

-70

-69

-68

-70

-70.5

-70

-71

-70.5

-68

-69.5

-68

-68.5

-67.5

-66.5

-66

-66.5

-66

-67

-66.5

-64.5

-66.5

-65

-65.5

-64.5

-63.5

26

32/38

26

32/38

Hot standby system & 2+0 (DFSP):


Frequency
band: [GHz]

L6

U6

-68
-69
-68
BER 10-3
[dBm]
-72* -72.5* -72*
-66
-66.5
-66
BER 10-6
[dBm]
-69.5* -70.5* -69.5*
-62
-63
-62
BER 10-10
[dBm]
-66* -66.5* -66*
*: 2+0 DF-SP receiver threshold figures.

11

-69
-73*
-67
-70.5*
-63
-67*

-69
-72.5
-67
-70.5*
-63
-66.5*

-66.5
-70*
-64
-68*
-60.5
-64*

18

23

13/15

1010 MHz
Duplex

1008 &
1232 MHz
Duplex

-68.5

-66.5

-66.5

-65

-64

-66.5

-65

-65

-63.5

-62.5

-63.5

-62

-62

-60.5

-59.5

Table 3-9 Receiver threshold, STM-1 @ 128 TCM

3.4.4 Receiver threshold STM-0 @ 32TCM (~28 MHz channel plans)


Typical values for receiver threshold in point C (measured with PRBS of 223-1). Guaranteed values are 1
dB higher.
1+0 system:
Frequency
band: [GHz]
BER 10-3
[dBm]
BER 10-6
[dBm]
BER 10-10
[dBm]

18

23

-82

-79.5

-77

-78.5

-73.5

-75

L6

U6

11

13/15

-81.5

-82

-81.5

-81.5

-81.5

-80

-78.5

-79

-78.5

-78.5

-78.5

-75

-75.5

-75

-75

-75

1008 &
1010 MHz
1232 MHz
Duplex
Duplex

26

32/38

-79

-79

-78

-76.5

-76

-76

-75

-72.5

-72

-74

-73

18

23
26

32/38

Hot standby system:


Frequency
band: [GHz]
BER 10-3
[dBm]
BER 10-6
[dBm]
BER 10-10
[dBm]

1008 &
1010 MHz
1232 MHz
Duplex
Duplex

L6

U6

11

13/15

-78

-78.5

-78

-77.5

-77.5

-76

-78.5

-76.5

-76

-75

-74

-75

-75.5

-74.5

-74.5

-74.5

-73

-75

-73.5

-73

-72

-61

-71.5

-72

-71

-71

-71

-69.5

-71.5

-69.5

-69

-70

-69

Table 3-10 Receiver threshold, STM-0 @ 32 TCM

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

39

3.4.5 Receiver threshold STM-0 @ 64TCM (~14 MHz channel plans)


Typical values for receiver threshold in point C (measured with PRBS of 223-1). Guaranteed values are 1
dB higher.
1+0 system:
Frequency band:
[GHz]

18

23

L6

U6

11

13/15

-79

-79.5

-79

-79

-79

-77.5

-79.5

-77

-76.5

-76

-76.5

-76

-76

-76

-74.5

-76

-74

-73.5

-72

-72.5

-72

-72

-72

-70.5

-72

-70

-69.5

L6

U6

11

13/15

18

23

-75.5

-76

-75

-75

-75

-73.5

-76

-74

-74.5

-72.5

-73

-72

-72

-72

-70.5

-72.5

-71

-70.5

-68.5

-69

-68

-68

-68

-66.5

-68.5

-67

-66.5

BER 10-3
[dBm]
BER 10-6
[dBm]
BER 10-10
[dBm]

1010 MHz 1008 MHz


Duplex
Duplex

Hot standby system:


Frequency band:
[GHz]
BER 10-3
[dBm]
BER 10-6
[dBm]
BER 10-10
[dBm]

1010 MHz 1008 MHz


Duplex
Duplex

Table 3-11 Receiver threshold, STM-0 @ 64 TCM

3.4.6 Maximum input signal level


Maximum input signal levels in point C (measured with PRBS of 223-1).
These limits apply without interference:
1+0 system & 2+0 (SFDP)/(AP)
Frequency band: [GHz]

5-15

18-38

BER 10-3 [dBm]

-17

-20

BER 10-10 [dBm]

-21

-24

Hot standby system & 2+0 (DFSP):


Frequency band: [GHz]

5-15

18-38

BER 10-3 [dBm]

-13.5

-17

BER 10-10 [dBm]

-17.5

-21

Table 3-12 Maximum input signal level

40

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

3.4.7 RX-oscillator frequency tolerance


Frequency tolerance:
10 ppm
This limit includes both short-term factors (environmental effects) and long-term ageing effects.

3.4.8 Image frequency attenuation


Image frequency attenuation (including RF channel branching filters):

> 120 dB

Not applicable for single channel systems, ref. EN 300 234, EN 301 461, EN 300 197, EN 300 430, EN
300 198, EN 300 431, EN 301 216, EN 300 786 and EN 300 639.

3.4.9 Noise figure


Ref. Point C
Frequency band:
[GHz]
Noise figure F
[dB] Note 1

L6

U6

5.0

4.5

5.0

5.0 5.5

11

13/15

18

23

26

32

38

6.0

5.0

6.0

6.5

7.0

10.0

8.0

Table 3-13 Noise figure

3.4.10 IF output characteristics


Centre frequency:
Output level:
Output level tolerance:
Impedance:
Reference point is N-connector at branching unit

Note 1

140 MHz
-10 dBm
-2 dB to +1 dB
50 unbalanced

1+0 system.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

41

4. SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS FOR SPACE DIVERSITY (SD)


4.1 General
A Space Diversity system includes a Space Diversity transceiver unit, which contains one transmitter and
two receivers. The control functions are included in the transceiver unit.

4.2 Combining principles and performance


The combining method is in-phase IF-combining. The principle of the combiner is shown in Figure 4-1.
The combiner setpoint is determined by the measurements of both levels (level detection) and the signal
spectre (dispersion analysis). The dispersion value is found by looking at the three different detectors for
low, middle and high frequency.

Level
detector
Time delay

Space

Phase
shifter
Dispersion
analysis
Phase diff.
detector

Weighted
addition

Combined
signal

Dispersion
analysis
Time delay

Main

Level
detector

Figure 4-1: Combining principle of Space Diversity transceiver

When both receiver inputs (main and diversity, points B and BD) are fed with low level input signals of
the same level at an arbitrary phase difference, input level limits for specified BER values shall be 2.5 dB
below those given in 3.4 for the case without diversity.
Maximum difference of wave-guide lengths between main and diversity antennas is 30 meters. The static
delay compensation is automatically adjusted by the use of a LCT or NEW-NMS. No need for external
delay compensation or external instruments.

42

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

5. BRANCHING AND RF-FILTERING CHARACTERISTICS


5.1 General description
Four different ODU variants are used. They are referred to as Type I ODU Version 1 and 2, Type II ODU
and Type III ODU. Type I and II has a separate branching unit.
Type I ODU Version 1, 18 GHz 1560 Duplex and 23 GHz
The branching unit is available in three different versions; one for 1+0 systems, one for hot standby
systems and one 2+0 (DF-SP) systems. The 2+0 SF-DP/AP systems use two 1+0 branchings. Antenna
circulator and RF filters are included in the branching unit. In the hot standby version the RF switch and
RF splitter are also included in the branching unit. The branching unit uses broadband RF filters. One or
two sets (high/low) of the branching unit cover the whole band for each duplex/configuration.
Type I ODU Version 2, 13 GHz, 15 GHz, 18 GHz 1010 MHz Duplex
The branching unit is available in two different versions; one for 1+0 branching and one hot standby
branching. The 2+0 or 1+1 FD systems use two 1+0 branchings. In a single polarized system they are
connected by a coupler. Antenna circulator and RF filters are included in the branching unit. In the hot
standby version the RF switch and RF splitter are also included in the branching unit. The branching unit
uses broadband RF filters. One or two sets (high/low) of the branching unit cover the whole band for each
duplex/configuration.
Type II ODU, 6 11 GHz
The branching unit consists of a configuration dependant branching unit and field replacable RF channel
filters. The branching is not sub-band dependant as RF-channel filters are used. The branching with filter
is mounted in a housing witch also serves as interface towards the transceivers. Two transceivers can be
mounted on this box, one on each side. The waveguide flange connections are at the bottom.
The branching with housing is available in different versions covering the available configurations and
Space Diversity. In the hot standby version the RF switch and RF splitter is part of the branching unit.
Type III ODU, 26 38 GHz
The ODU is an integrated unit with a multichannel diplexer as part of the unit. Only one mechanical
design is used, in hot standby and 2+0 systems two transceivers are mounted on a frame, which includes
an RF power combiner/splitter. In each frequency band and duplex spacing two high and two low ODUs
are available.

5.2 Interface to antenna feeder system


The interface between the ODU and the antenna feeder system is rectangular waveguide for 6-38 GHz.
For 5 GHz N-connector is used. The waveguide flange type can be found in Table 5-1. Integrated antenna
solution is available for 13 38 GHz.
Frequency band [GHz]

L6/U6

7/8

11

13

15

18/23/26

32/38

Waveguide

R70

R84

R100

R120

R140/WR62

R220/WR42

R320

Flange type

PDR70/
matching
CPR137G

PDR84/
matching
CPR112G

PDR100/
matching
CPR90G

PDR120

PDR140

PBR220

PBR320

Table 5-1 ODU waveguide flange type


Vertical polarisation at the antenna is the normal situation. Horizontal polarisation is obtained by rotating
the antenna feeder unit by 90 degrees.
CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

43

6. IF-CABLE CHARACTERISTICS
The cable must be in accordance with the following requirements:
Cable requirements:
Characteristic impedance:
Max. attenuation at 140 MHz:
Max. attenuation at 350 MHz:
Max. DC resistance:
Max. cable length:
Type of cable connector:
Recommended coaxial cables:

50 3
30 dB
40 dB
< 1.5 , sum of inner and outer conductor
300 m
N-connector, mal (at cable side), (IEC 60169-16)
-Cellflex LCF 14-50 () (RFS)
-Cellflex LCF 38-50 (3/8) (RFS)
-Heliax LDF1-50. () (Andrew)
-Heliax FSJ1-5 () (Andrew)

Maximum cable lengths 13-38 GHz:


Cable
50
FSJ1-50A
LCF 14-50
LDF1-50
LCF 38-50

Maximum cable length


with minimum supply
voltage. (40.5 volt)
90 m
160 m
180 m
250 m

Minimum supply voltage


with 200 meter cable

Minimum supply voltage


with 300 meter cable

43 V
41 V
41 V
40.5 V

47 V
43 V
42 V
41 V

Table 6-1 Cable lengths, IF-cable, 13-38 GHz


Maximum cable lengths 5 -11 GHz:
Cable

FSJ1-50A
LCF 14-50
LDF1-50
LCF 38-50

Maximum cable length


with minimum supply
voltage. (40.5 volt)
60 m
100 m
120 m
140 m

Minimum supply voltage


with 200 meter cable

Minimum supply voltage


with 300 meter cable

47 V
44 V
43 V
42 V

NA
46 V
45 V
44 V

Table 6-2 Cable lengths, IF-cable, 5-11 GHz


The following signals are transmitted via the cable:
IF signals, at 350 MHz in the transmit direction and at 140 MHz in the receive direction.
Power to the ODU
Modem - Transceiver Communication (MT-Com) for configuration and control of the ODU. FSK
modulation is used.
Over-voltage protection and cable equaliser are integral parts of the cable interface.
See Chapter 7.3 for more information about the signals.

44

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

7. MODEM CHARACTERISTICS
The modem includes both modulator and demodulator.
Double coding (Reed Solomon code) is applied for STM-1 with 128 TCM modulation.
The Reed Solomon coder can be turned off for compatibility with former versions of the IDU.

7.1 Modulator characteristics

RS coder and interleaver.


Trellis encoder for 32, 64 and 128 TCM
Differential and Gray encoder to make the constellation rotational invariant
FIR filter
STM-1

Modulation method:
Gross-transmitted bit-rate
Symbol-rate / Noise BW:

32TCM

STM-0

64 TCM

155.52 Mbit/s 155.52 Mbit/s


38.88 MHz

128TCM

64 TCM

128 TCM

163.20 Mbit/s
(RS code included)

55.296 Mbit/s

55.296 Mbit/s

25.108 MHz

11.059 MHz

8.507 MHz

31.104 MHz

Table 7-1 Modulator characteristics

7.2 Demodulator characteristics

Demodulator utilising coherent detection.


Soft decision circuitry for 32, 64 and 128 points constellation
Adaptive Time Domain Equaliser.
Trellis decoder for 32, 64 and 128 TCM utilising the Viterbi algorithm for error correction.
Deinterleaver and RS decoder.

7.3 Characteristics of signals transmitted between IDU and ODU


IF output characteristics:
Centre frequency:
350 MHz
Output level:
0 dBm
Output level tolerance:
-2 dB to +1 dB
Impedance:
50 unbalanced
Reference point is N-connector at IDU (E)
IF input characteristics:
Centre frequency:
140 MHz
Input level:
-42 dBm to -9 dBm
Impedance:
50 unbalanced
Reference point is N-connector at IDU (E)
Modem Transceiver Communications (MT-Com):
The FSK modulated data channel is used for communication between micro-controllers in the transceiver
unit and the IDU.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

45

8. BASEBAND CHARACTERISTICS
8.1 Section/Transport OverHead (SOH)
Use of SOH is according to ITU-T Rec. G.707.
Access to bytes in MSOH at a regenerator is according to ITU-R Rec.750. A description is given in Table
8-1: For available user channels see Chapter 8.4. The same SOH is used for both capacities, STM-1 and
STM-0.

A1

A1

A1

A2

A2

A2

J0

B1

MS#1 MS#2

E1

F1

D1

MS#3

D2

D3

H1

H1

H1

H2

H2

H2

H3

H3

H3

B2

B2

B2

K1

K2

D4

D5

D6

D7

D8

D9

D10

D11

D12

S1

Z1#1

Z1#2

Z2#1

Z2#2

M1

E2

Table 8-1 Utilisation of SOH bytes


Shaded bytes can be used as a wayside channel.

8.1.1 Frameword and parity bytes


The first nine bytes in the STM-1 frame (row 1 in SOH) are unscrambled according to ITU-T Rec. G.707.
A1:
A2:
J0:
B1:
B2:

Frameword
(11110110)
Frameword
(00101000)
Regenerator Section Trace
BIP-8 (Bit Interleaved Parity-8) (RST)
BIP-24 (Bit Interleaved Parity-24) (MST)

Byte 8 and byte 9 in row 1 are reserved for national use and are utilized if the E1 wayside traffic option is
selected. If not used for E1 wayside, these bytes shall contain the word 10101010 or 01010101.

8.1.2 Media specific bytes


The byte MS#3 is used for internal radio specific purposes and is not available for external use. The
bytes MS#1 and MS#2 are not used internally in CityLink.
MS#1:
User channel
MS#2:
User channel
MS#3:
RF-ID, remote reset and ATPC

46

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

8.1.3 Other SOH -bytes


E1-byte:
F1-byte:
D1-D3 bytes:
D4-D12 bytes:
E2-byte:
K1/K2-byte:
S1-byte:
Z1/Z2-byte:
M1-byte:
N-bytes:

User channel
User channel
Embedded control channel - Regenerator, ECCr
Embedded Control Channel - Multiplexer -ECC-M
User channel
MSP function is not implemented
Synchronisation Status Message
User channel
Remote Error Identifier (MS-REI)
Reserved for national use. If the bytes are not used externally, they can be used
as user channel

8.2 Scrambling / descrambling functions


The system contains a radio specific scrambler / descrambler, which randomises the transmitted digital
signal in order to make the RF power spectrum as uniform as possible, irrespective of the transmitted
data. The Network Node Interface (STM-1) is scrambled according to ITU-T Rec. G.707:
Radio specific scrambler type:
Radio specific scrambler polynomial:

15 bit parallel
1 + X14 + X15

NNI scrambler type (ITU-T Rec. G.707 chapter 2.4):


NNI scrambler polynomial:

7 bit parallel
1 + X6 + X7

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

47

8.3 Transmission interfaces


8.3.1 General
The IDU is equipped with one plug-in STM-1 data interface. The interface modules can be exchanged in
the field without any alignment or adjustment. Six alternative STM-1 line interface modules are available.
In addition different multiplex units are available. In the following chapters the main characteristics of the
interfaces are listed. The specifications are related to reference points Z and Z.

8.3.2 Transmission interface characteristics - STM-1 electrical:


Electrical interface according to ITU-T Rec. G.703:
Bitrate:
Line code:
Impedance:
Return loss (8 MHz to 240 MHz):
Pulse amplitude:
Maximum attenuation of input signal at 78 MHz:
Connector type:

155.520 Mbit/s 20 ppm


CMI
75 unbalanced
15 dB
1.0 V 0.1 V
12.7 dB
DIN47297, 1.0/2.3mm (IEC 60169-29)

Input jitter and wander tolerances are according to ITU-T Rec. G.825. Output jitter and wander
generation is according to ITU-T Rec. G.783. Jitter and wander transfer is according to ITU-T Rec. G.783
and ITU-T Rec. G.958. The jitter specifications are according to type A regenerator.

8.3.3 Transmission interface characteristics - STM-1 optical Intermediate Reach


Optical interface based on single mode fibre (G.652 single mode).
According to ITU-T Rec. G.957 ; S-1.1 and ANSI: T1.105.06; IR-1
Approximate reach: 15 km
Bitrate:
Operating wavelength range:
Source type:
Mean launched power: - Maximum:
- Minimum:
Spectral width RMS
- Maximum:
Minimum extinction ratio:
Attenuation range:
Minimum receiver sensitivity (BER < 10-10):
Minimum receiver overload:
Connector type:

155.520 Mbit/s 20 ppm


1261 - 1360 nm
MLM
-8 dBm
-15 dBm
7.7 nm
8.2 dB
0 - 12 dB
-28 dBm
-8 dBm
LC

Input jitter tolerance, jitter transfer and jitter generation is according to ITU-T Rec. G.958, for type B
regenerator.

48

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

8.3.4 Transmission interface characteristics - STM-1 optical - Long Reach 1300 nm


Optical interface based on single mode fibre (G.652 single mode). Approximate reach: 40 km
According to ITU-T Rec. G.957 ; L-1.1 and ANSI: T1.105.06-1996; LR-1
Bitrate:
Operating wavelength range:
Source type:
Mean launched power: - Maximum:
- Minimum:
Spectral width RMS,
- Maximum:
Minimum extinction ratio:
Attenuation range:
Minimum receiver sensitivity (BER < 10-10):
Minimum receiver overload:
Connector type:

155.520 Mbit/s 20 ppm


1263 - 1360 nm
MLM or SLM
0 dBm
-5dBm
3 nm (MLM)
10 dB
10-28 dB
- 34 dBm
-10 dBm
LC

8.3.5 Transmission interface characteristics - STM-1 optical - Long Reach 1500nm


Optical interface based on single mode fibre (G.652 single mode). Approximate reach: 80 km
According to ITU-T Rec. G.957 ; L-1.2 and ANSI: T1.105.06-1996; LR-2
Bitrate:
Operating wavelength range:
Source type:
Mean launched power: - Maximum:
- Minimum:
Spectral width 20 dB, - Maximum:
Minimum extinction ratio:
Attenuation range:
Minimum receiver sensitivity (BER < 10-10):
Minimum receiver overload:
Connector type:

155.520 Mbit/s 20 ppm


1480 - 1580 nm
SLM
0 dBm
-5dBm
1 nm
10 dB
10-28 dB
-34 dBm
-10 dBm
LC

8.3.6 Transmission interface characteristics STM-1 optical Short Reach


Optical interface based on 62.5/125 m multi mode fibre (G.951).
According to ANSI: T1.105.06 and T1.646; SR-0
Bitrate:
155.520 Mbit/s 20 ppm
Operating wavelength range:
1270 - 1380 nm
Source type:
LED
Mean launched power: - Maximum:
-14 dBm
- Minimum:
-20 dBm
Spectral width - Maximum:
200 nm FWHM2
Minimum extinction ratio:
10 dB
Attenuation range:
0 - 10 dB
Minimum receiver sensitivity (BER < 10-10):
-30 dBm
Minimum overload:
-14 dBm
Connector type:
MT-RJ
Input jitter tolerance, jitter transfer and jitter generation is according to ANSI recommendation T1.6461995. and ITU-T Rec. G.958.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

49

8.3.7 Transmission interface characteristics - STM-1 Electrical CAT5 UTP:


Electrical interface according to ATM Forum recommendation af-phy-0015.000 for 155Mbit/s NRZ
signal transmission over unshielded twisted pair cable.
Bitrate:
155.520 Mbit/s 20 ppm
Line code:
Scrambled NRZ
Impedance:
100 balanced
Return loss, output/input:
> 16 dB; 2 MHz to 30 MHz
> 16 dB -20*log(f/30 MHz); 30 MHz to 60 MHz
> 10 dB; 60 MHz to 100 MHz
Pulse amplitude:
1.0 V 60 mV
Connector type:
RJ-45 for CAT 5
Input jitter, wander tolerances and output jitter are according to ATM Forum recommendation af-phy0015.000.

8.3.8 Transmission interface characteristics 2 Mbit/s:


Interface parameters according to ITU-T Rec. G.703:
Bitrate:
2.048 Mbit/s 50 ppm
Line code:
HDB3
Impedance:
120 balanced
Return loss
(.05MHz to .102 MHz):
12 dB
(0.102 MHz to 2.048 MHz):
18 dB
(2.048 MHz to 3.072 MHz):
14 dB
Pulse amplitude:
3 V 0.3 V
Maximum attenuation of input signal at 1.024 MHz:
6 dB
Connector type:
METRAL SOFIX-24 position
(4 connectors)

8.3.9 Transmission interface characteristics 34 Mbit/s:


Interface parameters according to ITU-T Rec. G.703:
Bitrate:
Line code:
Impedance:
Return loss:
(860 kHz to 1720 kHz)
(1720 kHz to 34368 kHz)
(34368 kHz to 51550 kHz)
Pulse amplitude (nominal):
Maximum attenuation of input signal at 17.184 MHz:
Connector type:

34.368 Mbit/s 20 ppm


HDB3
75 unbalanced
12 dB
18 dB
14 dB
1.0 V 0.1 V
12 dB
BNC

8.3.10 Transmission interface characteristics 45 Mbit/s:


Electrical interface according to ANSI Recommendation T1.102-1993
Bitrate:
44.736 Mbit/s 20 ppm
Line code:
B3ZS
Impedance:
75 unbalanced
Pulse amplitude for isolated pulse:
0.36 0.85V
Power level:
-4.7 to +3.6 dBm for AIS signal
Connector type:
BNC

50

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

8.4 64 kbit/s and wayside channels


8.4.1 General
As an optional feature, interfaces for two 64 kbit/s data channels and one 2.048 Mbit/s wayside channel
are available. The wayside and the 64 kbit/s channels are transmitted as parts of SOH. The wayside
channel uses the 35 shadowed bytes shown in Table 8-1 Utilisation of SOH bytes. Provided that the
shadowed bytes are available, the wayside channel can also be used in RS mode because the B2-parity
will not be affected. When the wayside channel is not used, any of the shadowed bytes (except the
National Use bytes in last low) in the table may also be used for the 64 kbit/s data channels.
Use of the wayside channel will limit the number of bytes available for the 64 kbit/s channels to E1, E2,
F1, Z1, Z2, MS#1 and MS#2. In RS-mode only E1, F1, MS#1 and MS#2 are available for 64 kbit/s
channels.

8.4.2 2.048 Mbit/s wayside channel characteristics


Electrical interface according to ITU-T Rec. G.703:
Bitrate:
Line code:
Impedance:
Return loss
(.05 MHz to .102 MHz):
(0.102 MHz to 2.048 MHz):
(2.048 MHz to 3.072 MHz):
Pulse amplitude:
Maximum attenuation of input signal at 1.024 MHz:
Connector type:

2.048 Mbit/s 50 ppm


HDB3
120 balanced.
12 dB
18 dB
14 dB
3.0 V 0.3 V
6 dB
RJ-45 (IEC 60603-7)

Input jitter and wander tolerances are according to ITU-T Rec. G.823. Intrinsic jitter generation (i.e.
output jitter in the absence of input jitter) is according to ITU-T Rec. G.823. Jitter and wander transfer is
according to ITU-T Rec. G.921, ITU-T Rec. G.823 and ITU-T Rec. G.742. Maximum output jitter
according to ITU-T rec. G.823.

8.4.3 64 kbit/s channel characteristics


One of the interfaces is according to V.11, contra directional without byte timing and the other is G.703
co/contra directional.
Connector type:
RJ-45 (IEC 60603-7)

8.4.4 Service telephone/Orderwire


The IDU has a built-in orderwire system. A telephone handset connects to the front of the IDU to access
the orderwire. The orderwire has a built-in bridge for east/west connections.
Telephone connector type:
Impedance

RJ-45 (IEC 60603-7)


600

Other equipment connector types:


Impedance:

RJ-45 x 2 (two directions) (IEC 60603-7)


600

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

51

9. RADIO PROTECTION SWITCHING


The Radio Protection Switching function is used in HSB and 1+1 Frequency Diversity configuration.
Both automatic and manual switching is available. The manual switching can be hitless or forced and is
performed from NEW-NMS.
In Hot Standby configuration the Tx and Rx switches at a terminal normally operates independently, but
they may be configured to operate together.

9.1 Specification of the protection switching system


In order to facilitate switching without introducing bit-errors, a hitless switching system is provided.

9.2 Switching criteria and switching operation time, Rx


Alarm
EW
LBER
HBER
RF INPUT/LOS
LO
IF-DEM (cable alarm)
OOF, LOC
Loss of communication between IDU and IDU switch

Switch time
*
*
5 ms
1s
20 ms
10 ms
20 ms
60 s

Configurable
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No

The thresholds for the BER criteria, HBER, LBER and Early Warning (EW), are configurable.
* Depending on alarm detection time.

9.3 Switching criterias in transmit direction


Alarm
RF OUT
LO
IF-INP
IF-MOD
OOF-RTR, LOC_RTR
RT_PLL
TRELLIS_PLL
Loss of communication between IDU and IDU switch

52

Switch time
1 ms
1 ms
1 ms
10 ms
10 ms
10 ms
10 ms
60 s

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

10. MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CHARACTERISTICS


10.1 General
An integrated supervision system makes the CityLink capable of functioning as a Network Element (NE)
in a managed SDH transmission network. The supervision systems on the various radio-relay stations are
exchanging information over the embedded communication channel, ECC. Standardised use of QECC is
provided. Actual channel to be used for management traffic is configurable (se section 10.2). For set up
and configuration of the radio the NEW-Configurator SoftWare, is needed. For network management and
operation CityLink can be connected to the Nera Element vieW - Network Management System (NEWNMS). NEW-NMS can be used as a mediation device to connect all Nera radios to a higher order
management system through the optional SNMP- or CORBA agents.
The NEW-NMS element manager offers services such as:
Fault management:

collecting and logging alarms and analogue measurements from the


elements.

Performance management:

collecting and logging quality measurements according to standards


(G.784)

Configuration management:

addresses the configuration of elements, getting/setting configuration


from/to elements and SW download functions.

Security management:

deals with user privileges and how this is administrated network.

10.1.1 Event logging


The CityLink can log events and faults in the local fault log. The log size is 10.000 events. The log can be
set to wrap-around or halt when it is full. Alarm logging can be masked based on severity level. The
operator can also clear the log.

10.1.2 Monitoring of system performance


Transmission performance data is monitored continuously by the built-in supervision function. The
supervision function performs measurements and calculations based on the BIP-codes in the SOH. Error
information from the Trellis decoder in the demodulator is also available. See description of the error
pulse outputs in Chapter 10.4.6

10.1.3 System performance calculations


Performance data can be presented according to ITU-T Rec. G.826. The following system quality
calculations are included:

Performance Calculations
Error Second Ratio (ESR)
Severely Error Second Ratio (SESR)
Background Block Error Ratio (BBER)
Unavailable state (UAS)

Regenerator Section
Termination Calculations based
on B1 (BIP-8)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

Multiplexer Section
Termination Calculation
based on B2 (BIP-24)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes

Table 10-1 Performance Calculations


The actual availability of these options depends on the selected configuration.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

53

10.1.4 Performance record logging


The CityLink calculate the performance in G.826 performance parameters based on B1, B2, and M1
parity checksums. The performance records are calculated for STM-1 line interface and for received
STM-1 from radio side. 15-min, 24-hour and month records are calculated. The log contains the current
and last month, current and last 24-hour and current and the sixteen last 15-min records.
Threshold values can be defined each of the performance records and a performance alarm will be raised
if the threshold is exceeded for any of the periods.
In addition the CityLink contains cumulative error counters for B1, B2, and M1 parity pulses and for the
G.826 performance parameters. The operator can read and reset the counters.

10.1.5 Security management


The user must have a username and password defined in the CityLink in order to log in. Each user name
is defined with access privileges. Four levels are defined;
User level

Privileges

Passive Users

Passive users are only able to monitor data. They are not able to collect data or change
the network configuration.

Active Users

Active users are able to collect data and change some communication settings, but not
commands that can make unrecoverable configuration changes.

Master Users

Master users have access to all NEW-NMS commands, except those attended with
user account administration.

Admin Users

Admin users have access to all NEW-NMS commands. The Admin user is the
administrator and is responsible for adding, deleting and managing user accounts and
privileges.

10.1.6 Security event logging


The CityLink can log events related to security. The log size is 1000 events. The log can be set to wraparound or halt when it is full. The operator can also clear the log.

54

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

10.2 ECC (Embedded Communication Channel)


The ECC channel can be configured by the operator. Normally DCC-r (D1 to D3) is used for ECC
purpose but any other available SOH byte can be used. When DCC-r is used the transmission capacity is
192 kb/s, if another single SOH byte is used the transmission capacity is 64kb/s. The protocol used can
be NNP (Nera Networking Protocol), TCP/IP or Qecc. The link layer properties of the Qecc can be
configured by the operator. The routing protocol used for Qecc is IS-IS (ISO 10589)

10.2.1 IP Routing
The CityLink contains a routing function that enables routing of TCP/IP and UDP/IP traffic between the
various management interfaces such as the Ethernet interface and the ECC channel. The routing protocol
used is OSPF (Open Shortest Path First)/RIP2. This enables transport of IP based management protocols
for other telecom equipment over a CityLink path.

10.3 Embedded SNMP agent


The optional embedded SNMP agent supports the following management functions.
Basic monitoring of network and interface parameters
Fault Management
Supports enumeration of possible alarms, current alarm table and historic alarms (log).
Analogue measurements
Received signal level.
Performance Management
Performance data according to G.826.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

55

10.4 Interfaces to the supervision system


10.4.1 General
Various external interfaces are available for the supervision system. The standard interface is a Local
Craft Terminal (LCT) interface for connection to the NEW-Configurator or NEW-NMS for configuration
and set up, and network management of Network Elements (NEs).
Other interfaces are Network Interface (NI) and LAN interface. The NI and LAN interfaces may be used
for interconnection of Nera NEs or for connection to NMS systems. If LAN is not used a second NI
interface may be used.
An alarm input and auxiliary output interface is also available as an optional feature.

10.4.2 LEDs
For each alarm a severity level critical, major, minor or warning is defined, these severity levels are
configurable.
IDU Alarm and Indicator LEDs
One green LED indicating power on.
One red LED indicating critical alarms.
One red LED indicating major alarms.
One red LED indicating minor alarms.
One orange LED indicating warnings.
Line Interface Plug-in Units LEDs
The optical and the electrical G.703 has one green LED lit when input signal is present
The CAT5 UTP unit has a bicolour LED. The LED is green when input signal is present and OK, and
red when the LOF alarm is detected.
IDU switch unit Alarm and Indicator LEDs
Four green LEDs showing active Rx and Tx channel
Two green LEDs indicating power on
One red LED indicating critical alarms in hot standby switch unit.
One red LED indicating major alarms in hot standby switch unit.
One red LED indicating minor alarms in hot standby switch unit.
One orange LED indicating warnings in hot standby switch unit.

10.4.3 LCT interface (PC Interface)


Electrical interface:
RS-232 (DTE)
Baudrate:
1.200 - 115.200 kbit/s asynchronous
Protocol:
Proprietary
Connector type:9 pin D-Sub, male

10.4.4 LAN interface


LAN (TP): Twisted pair interface (IEEE802.3):
Embedded 10BASE-T Medium Attachment Unit (MAU).
Connector type:RJ-45 (IEC 60603-7)

56

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

10.4.5 Network Interface (NI):


One NI interface is available. If LAN is not used than a second NI interface may be used.
Electrical interface:
RS-485
Baudrate:
1.200 - 115.200 kbit/s asynchronous or 64 200 kbit/s synchronous
Protocol:
Proprietary
Connector type:9 pin D-sub, female

10.4.6 Alm & Aux interface:


Auxiliary external alarm inputs:
Number:
8
Type:
4 Current loop Note 1 and 4 TTL
Connector type:25 pin D-dub (female)
Auxiliary outputs:
Number:
4
Type:
Relay
Max switching current: 0.5 A in resistive load
Connector:
25 pin D-dub (female) (Same connector as used for the auxiliary alarm inputs)
Mapping of local alarms (i.e. alarms from local terminal), are available at the output pins. All ground
pins are floating relative to chassis ground.
Error pulse outputs:
One pulsed output, available simultaneous at 3 different level formats, may be configured by the user to
one of the following sources:
B1- or B2- parity error pulses, from line side or radio side.
Error pulses from Trellis decoder.
Minimum pulse width (logical high level):
1 s
Minimum distance between two pulses (logical low level):
3.3 s
Minimum pulses at unavailable channel:
72.000 pulses/s
Type:
V.11
Open collector
Optoisolator
Connector type:25 pin D-dub (female) (Same connector as used for the auxiliary alarm inputs)
Note 1:

This interface is not standard current loop. See


Figure 10-1. Recommended use is together with an
external relay or open collector/drain output. Each of
the 4 inputs consists of 2 pins, 1 floating ground and
one signal pin. All the ground pins are connected
together.
Input not connected means logical 0.
Input shorted means logical 1.
Input >1.6 volt means logical 1.

-5.0volt

-1.6volt

10k

1k
Input

Floating
Gnd

Figure 10-1: "Current loop" alarm input interface

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

57

11. REFERENCES
Document code:

Title/Description:

ETSI EN 301 489-4 V1.2.1 (2000-08)

Electromagnetic compatibility and Radio spectrum Matters (ERM); Electro Magnetic


Compatibility (EMC) standard for radio equipment and services; Part 4: Specific conditions for
fixed radio links and ancillary equipment and services. For grade B equipment
Classification of environmental conditions; Storage. Class 1.2, weather protected
Classification of environmental conditions; Transportation. Class 2.3, public transportation
Classification of environmental conditions; Stationary use at weather protected locations. Class
3.2, partly temperature controlled locations
Classification of environmental conditions; Stationary use at non-weather protected locations
Equipment Engineering (EE); Power supply interface at the input to telecommunication
equipment; Part 1: Interface operated by Direct Current (DC)
High capacity DRRS carrying 1 x STM-1 signals and operating in frequency bands with about 30
MHz channel spacing and alternated arrangements
High capacity fixed radio systems carrying SDH signals (2 x STM-1) in frequency bands with 40
MHz channel spacing and using Co-channel Dual Polarized (CCPD) operation
Equipment Engineering (EE); European telecommunications standards for equipment practice.
Transmission and Multiplexing (TM) High capacity digital radio-relay systems carrying 1 x
Synchronous Transport Module-level 1 (1 x STM-1) signals operating in the 18GHz frequency
band with channel spacing of 55 MHz
Transmission and Multiplexing (TM); Parameters for radio relay systems for the transmission of
digital signals and analogue video signals operating at 23 GHz.
Fixed Radio Systems; Point-to-point equipment; Parameters for radio systems for the transmission
of digital signals operating in the frequency range 24,50 GHz to 29,50 GHz.
Fixed Radio Systems; Point-to-point equipment; Parameters for radio systems for the transmission
of digital signals operating at 32 and 38 GHz.
Fixed Radio Systems; Point-to-point equipment; Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy (PDH);
Low and medium capacity and STM-0 digital radio system operating in the frequency bands in the
range 3 GHz to 11 GHz
Fixed Radio Systems; Point-to-point equipment; Sub-STM-1 digital radio systems operating in the
13 GHz, 15 GHz and 18 GHz frequency bands with about 28 MHz co-polar and 14 MHz crosspolar channel spacing
Sub-STM-1 DRRS operating in the 13 GHz, 15 GHz and 18 GHz frequency bands with about 14
MHz co-polar channel spacing
Safety of information technology equipment
Safety requirements for radio transmitting equipment
Safety of laser products, Part 1: Equipment classification, requirements and users guide
Safety of laser products, Part 2: Safety of optical fibre communication systems
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for fixed service systems
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for high capacity radio-relay systems operating in the 5
GHz (4 400-5 000 MHz) band
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for high capacity radio-relay systems operating in the
lower 6 GHz band
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for medium and high capacity analogue or digital radiorelay systems operating in the upper 6 GHz band
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 7 GHz band
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for medium and high capacity analogue or digital radiorelay systems operating in the 8 GHz band
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 11 GHz band
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 13 GHz frequency
band
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 15 GHz band
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 18 GHz band
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 23 GHz band
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 25, 26, and 28
GHz bands
Radio-frequency arrangements for systems in the fixed service operating in the band 31.8-33.4
GHz
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for radio-relay systems operating in the 38 GHz band
Architectures and functional aspects of radio-relay systems for synchronous digital hierarchy
(SDH)-based network
Physical/electrical characteristics of hierarchical digital interfaces
Network node interface for the synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH)
Characteristics of synchronous digital hierarchy (SDH) equipment functional blocks

ETSI EN 300 019-1-1 V2.1.2 (2002-04)


ETSI EN 300 019-1-3 V2.1.2 (2002-04)
ETSI EN 300 019-1-3 V2.1.1 (2002-11)
ETSI EN 300 019-1-4 V2.1.1 (2002-11)
ETSI EN 300 132-2 V2.1.1 (2003-01)
ETSI EN 300 234 V1.3.2 (2001-11)
ETSI EN 301 461V1.3.1 (2002-11)
ETSI EN 300 119
ETSI EN 300 430 V1.4.1 (2002-03)

ETSI EN 300 198 V1.5.1 (2002-03)


ETSI EN 300 431 V1.4.1 (2002-03)
ETSI EN 300 197 V1.6.1 (2002-03)
ETSI EN 301 216 V1.2.1 (2001-07)

ETSI EN 300 639 V1.3.1 (2001-02)

ETSI EN 300 786 V1.3.1 (2001-02)


CENELEC EN 60950: 2000
CENELEC EN 60215: 1989
CENELEC EN 60825-1 1994
CENELEC EN 60825-2 2000
ITU-R Rec. F.746-7 (2003)
ITU-R Rec. F.1099-3 (1999)
ITU-R Rec. F.383-7 (2001)
ITU-R Rec. F.384-8 (2004-01)
ITU-R Rec. F.385-7 (2001)
ITU-R Rec. F.386-6 (1999-02)
ITU-R Rec. F.387-9 (2002-05)
ITU-R Rec. F.497-6 (1999)
ITU-R Rec. F.636-3 (1994)
ITU-R Rec. F.595-8 (2003-02)
ITU-R Rec. F.637-3 (1999)
ITU-R Rec. F.748-4 (2001)
ITU-R F.1520-2 (2003-02)
ITU-R Rec. F.749-2 (2001)
ITU-R Rec. F.750-4 (2000-05)
ITU-T Rec. G.703 (10/1998)
ITU-T Rec. G.707 (10/2000)
ITU-T Rec. G.783 (10/2000)

58

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

ITU-T Rec. G.823 (03/2000)


ITU-T Rec. G.825 (03/2000)
ITU-T Rec. G.826 (02/1999)
ITU-T Rec. G.921 (11/1988)
ITU-T Rec. G.957 (06/1999)
ITU-T Rec. G.958 (11/1994)
ETSI TR 101 036-1 V1.3.1 (2002-08)
CEPT/ERC Rec. 74-01 E (2002-10)
CEPT/ERC Rec 14-01 E (1996-08)
CEPT/ERC Rec 14-02 E (1996-08)
CEPT/ECC Rec 02-06 (2002-08)
CEPT/ERC Rec. 12-06 E (1996-12)
CEPT /ERC/REC 12-02 (1996-08)
CEPT/ERC/REC 12-07 E (1996-08)
CEPT/ERC/REC 12-03 (1996-08)
CEPT T/R 13-02 (1994-02)
IEC 297-2
IEC 297-3
IEC 60169-16, Ed. 1.0
IEC 60169-29, Ed. 1.0
IEC 60603-7 (1996)
IEC 60835-2-8 (1993-05)
IEEE 802.3

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the 2048 kbit/s
hierarchy
The control of jitter and wander within digital networks which are based on the synchronous
digital hierarchy (SDH).
Error performance parameters and objectives for international, constant bit rate digital paths at or
above the primary rate
Digital Sections based on the 2048 kbit/s hierarchy.
Optical interfaces for equipments and systems relating to the synchronous digital hierarchy
Digital line systems based on the synchronous digital hierarchy for use on optical fibre cable
Fixed Radio Systems; Point-to-point equipment; Generic wordings for standards on digital radio
systems characteristics; Part 1: General aspects and point-to-point equipment parameters
Spurious Emissions
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for high capacity analogue and digital radio-relay systems
operating in the band 5925 MHz 6425 MHz
Radio-frequency channel arrangements for medium and high capacity digital radio-relay systems
operating in the band 6425 MHz 7125 MHz
Preferred channel arrangement for digital fixed service systems operating in the frequency range
7125-8500 MHz
Harmonized radio frequency channel arrangements for digital terrestrial fixed systems operating in
the band 10.7 11.7 GHz
Harmonised radio frequency channel arrangements for analogue and digital terrestrial fixed
systems operating in the band 12.75 GHz to 13.25 GHz
Harmonised radio frequency channel arrangements for digital terrestrial fixed systems operating in
the bands 14.5 - 14.62 GHz paired with 15.23 - 15.35 GHz
Harmonised radio frequency channel arrangements for digital terrestrial fixed systems operating in
the band 17.7 GHz to 19.7 GHz
Preferred channel arrangements for fixed services in the range 22.0-29.5 GHz
Dimensions of mechanical structures of the 486.6mm (19in) series: Cabinet and pitches of the rack
structures.
Dimensions of mechanical structures of the 486.6mm (19in) series: Sub-rack and associated plug
in units.
Radio-frequency connectors. Part 16: R.F. coaxial connectors with inner diameter of outer
conductor 7 mm (0.276 in) with screw coupling - Characteristic impedance 50 ohms (75 ohms)
Radio-frequency connectors - Part 29: Miniature r.f. coaxial connectors with screw-, push-pull
and snap-on coupling or slide-in rack and panel applications; Characteristic impedance 50 ohms
Connectors for electronic equipment - Part 7-1: Detail specification for 8-way, shielded free and
fixed connectors with common mating features, with assessed quality
Methods of measurement for equipment used in digital microwave radio transmission systems Measurements on terrestrial radio-relay systems - Adaptive equalizer.
Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection

CityLink XT

59

12. TERMINOLOGY
Abbreviation
ACAP
ACCP
ADM
AIS
AP
ASIC
ATDE
ATPC
AU
BER
BIP
C/I
CS
DCC
DF-SP
ECC
EMC
EW
FIR
HBER
HSB
IDU
LBER
LCT
LOF
LOH
LOS
MLM
MS
MSOH
MSP
MST
MTBF
NEW-NMS
NEW-Configurator
OC-3
ODU
OOF
PABX
PCM
PI
PLL
POH
PRBS
Qecc
RF
RID
RPS
RRR
RRT
RS
RSOH
RST
RX
SDH
SETS
SF-DP
SNCP
SNMP
SOH/TOH
SONET

60

Description
Adjacent Channel Alternate Polarisation
Adjacent Channel Co-Polarization
Add/Drop/Multiplex
Alarm Indication Signal
Alternating Polarisation
Application Specific Integrated Circuit
Adaptive Time Domain Equaliser
Automatic Transmitter Power Control
Administrative Unit
Bit Error Rate
Bit Interleaved Parity
Carrier to Interference ratio
Channel Spacing
Data Communications Channel
Dual Frequency Single Polarisation
Embedded Control Channel
Electro Magnetic Compatibility
Early Warning
Finite Impulse Response
High Bit Error Rate
HotStandBy
InDoor Unit
Low Bit Error Rate
Local Craft Terminal
Loss Of Frame
Line OverHead (LOH is a SONET term with same meaning as MSOH in SDH networks)
Loss Of Signal
Multi-Longitudinal Mode
Multiplex Section
Multiplex Section Overhead
Multiplex Section Protection
Multiplex Section Termination
Mean Time Between Failure
Nera Element vieW. Network Management System; Element Manager for all Nera network elements
Nera Element vieW. Configurator; Configurator for CityLink radio relay
Optical Carrier level 3 = 155Mbit/s (OC-1 level 1 = 51.84 Mbit/s)
OutDoor Unit
Out Of Frame
Private Automatic Branch eXchange
Pulse Code Modulation
Physical Interface
Phase Locked Loop
Path OverHead
Pseudo Random Bit Sequence
Q protocol used on the embedded communication channel (SDH ECC)
Radio Frequency
Radio Frequency Identification
Radio Protection Switching
Radio-Relay Regenerator
Radio-Relay Terminal
Regenerator Section
Regenerator Section OverHead
Regenerator Section Termination
Receiver
Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
Synchronous Equipment Timing Source
Single Frequency - Dual Polarisation
Sub Network Connection Protection
Simple Network Management Protocol
Section OverHead/Transport OverHead (SOH is used in SDH networks, TOH is used in SONET networks)
Synchronous Optical Network

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Abbreviation
SORP
SPE
STM-0
STM-1
SVCE
SW
TCM
TMN
TU
TCP/IP
TUG
TX
VC

Description
SDH/SONET Overhead & Radio Processor
Synchronous Payload Envelope (An STS frame consist of Transport OverHead and the SPE)
A subset of STM-1 (generally 51.84 Mbit/s but may also be 55.296 Mbit/s)
Synchronous Transport Module, 1 means the lowest defined data rate = 155.520 Mbit/sec
SerVice ChannEl, used to define the voice channel circuit board
SoftWare
Trellis Coded Modulation
Telecommunication Management Network
Tributary Unit
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
Tributary Unit Group
Transceiver
Virtual Container

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

61

Appendix A: Frequency sub-band arrangements


CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 5 GHz BAND
ITU-R F.746-7 Annex 2
312 MHz Duplex Spacing, 28 MHz channel spacing
fn = f0 - 310 + 28 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 2 + 28 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, , 10 and f0 = 4 700 MHz
Lower half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ

Freq. [MHz]

4418.00

1'

4730.00

4446.00

2'

4758.00

4474.00

3'

4786.00

4502.00

4'

4814.00

4530.00

5'

4842.00

4558.00

6'

4870.00

4586.00

7'

4898.00

4614.00

8'

4926.00

4642.00

9'

4954.00

10

4670.00

10'

4982.00

XCVR Unit

Sub-band U2

Sub-band U1

Ch #

XCVR Unit
Sub-band L1

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L2

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ

ITU-R F.1099-3 Annex 1, 1


300 MHz Duplex Spacing, 40 MHz channel spacing
fn = f0 - 310 + 40 n MHz
f'n = f0 - 10 + 40 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, , 7 and f0 = 4 700 MHz

62

4430.00
4470.00
4510.00
4550.00
4590.00
4630.00
4670.00

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'

4730.00
4770.00
4810.00
4850.00
4890.00
4930.00
4970.00

CityLink XT

XCVR Unit
Sub-band
U1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

XCVR Unit

Subband
U2

Freq. [MHz]

Subband
L2

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
40 MHz

Sub-band
L1

Lower half
Channel spacing
40 MHz

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE LOWER 6 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.383-7
CEPT 14-01 E
FCC 47CFR Part 101.147 (i) (8)
SRSP-305.9 Group A (Canada)
252.04 MHz Duplex Spacing, 29.65 MHz channel spacing
fn = f0 - 259.45 + 29.65 n MHz
f'n = f0 - 7.41 + 29.65 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and f0 = 6 175 MHz

5945,20

5974,85

6004,50

6034,15

6063,80

6093,45

6123,10

6152,75

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

6197,24

2'

6226,89

3'

6256,54

4'

6286,19

5'

6315,84

6'

6345,49

7'

6375,14

8'

6404,79

CityLink XT

XCVR Unit
Sub-band U1

XCVR Unit

Sub-band U2

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L1

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
29.65 MHZ

Sub-band L2

Lower half
Channel spacing
29.65 MHZ

63

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE UPPER 6 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.384-8 rec.1

CEPT 14-02 E Annex 1a

340 MHz Duplex Spacing, 40 MHz channel spacing


fn = f0 - 350 + 40 n MHz
f'n = f0 - 10 + 40 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and f0 = 6 770 MHz

6460,00

6500,00

6540,00

6580,00

6620,00

6660,00

6700,00

6740,00

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

6800,00

2'

6840,00

3'

6880,00

4'

6920,00

5'

6960,00

6'

7000,00

7'

7040,00

8'

7080,00

XCVR Unit
Sub-band U1

XCVR Unit

Sub-band U2

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L1

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
40 MHZ

Sub-band L2

Lower half
Channel spacing
40 MHZ

ITU-R F.384-8 rec.7


340 MHz Duplex Spacing, 40 MHz channel spacing
fn = f0 - 350 + 20 n MHz
f'n = f0 - 10 + 20 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, , 16 and f0 = 6 770 MHz

Odd numbered channels give the following 40 MHz pattern.


Upper half

Lower half
Channel spacing

Channel spacing

40 MHZ

64

6480,00

6520,00

6560,00

6600,00

6640,00

6680,00

6720,00

Freq. [MHz]

1'

6780,00

2'

6820,00

3'

6860,00

4'

6900,00

5'

6940,00

6'

6980,00

7'

7020,00

8'

7060,00

CityLink XT

XCVR Unit
Sub-band U1

XCVR Unit

Sub-band U2

6440,00

40 MHZ
Ch #

Sub-band L1

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L2

Ch #

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

ITU-R F.384-8 rec.12


340 MHz Duplex Spacing, 30 MHz channel spacing
fn = f0 - 340 + 30 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 30 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, , 10 and f0 = 6 770 MHz
Lower half
Upper half
Channel spacing
Channel spacing
30 MHZ
30 MHZ

6460.00

1'

6800.00

6490.00

2'

6830.00

6520.00

3'

6860.00

6550.00

4'

6890.00

6580.00

5'

6920.00

6610.00

6'

6950.00

6640.00

7'

6980.00

6670.00

8'

7010.00

6700.00

9'

7040.00

10

6730.00

10'

7070.00

XCVR Unit
Sub-band U1

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band U2

Ch #

XCVR Unit
Sub-band L1

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L2

Ch #

This channel arrangement is available upon request.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

65

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 7.1-7.4 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.385-7 ANNEX 3 lower part
196 MHz Duplex Spacing, 28 MHz channel spacing
fn = f0 - 182 + 28 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 14 + 28 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and f0 = 7 275 MHz
Lower half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ

7121,00

7149,00

7177,00

7205,00

7233,00

XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

7317,00

2'

7345,00

3'

7373,00

4'

7401,00

5'

7429,00

XCVR
Unit
Sub-band U0

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L0

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ

CEPT 02-06 Annex 1,


154 MHz Duplex Spacing

66

14 MHz Channel spacing


fn = f0 154 + 14 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 14 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, , 10 and f0 = 7 275 MHz

28 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 161 + 28 n MHz
fn = fo - 7 + 28 n MHz
where n = 1,2 ... 5 and fo = 7275 MHz

Lower half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ
14 MHZ

Upper half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ
14 MHZ

7142,00

7170,00

7198,00

7226,00

7254,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

7135,00

7149,00

7163,00

7177,00

7191,00

7205,00

7219,00

7233,00

7247,00

10

7261,00

XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

7296,00

CityLink XT

2'

7324,00

3'

7352,00

4'

7380,00

5'

7408,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

7289,00

2'

7303,00

3'

7317,00

4'

7331,00

5'

7345,00

6'

7359,00

7'

7373,00

8'

7387,00

9'

7401,00

10'

7415,00

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U0

Freq.
[MHz]

Sub-band L0

Ch #

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

ACA RALI FX3, Appendix 1, 7.2


"CH 10"
270 MHz Duplex Spacing, 30 MHz Channel
Lower half
Channel spacing
30 MHZ

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

7130,00

Upper half
Channel spacing
30 MHZ

XCVR Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

7400,00

Sub-band L0

XCVR Unit
Sub-band U0

ITU-R F.385-7 Rec 1-4


Various arrangements based on the following relationship (including interleaved channels)
161 MHz Duplex spacing, 14 MHz Channel Spacing
fn = f0 - 154 + 7 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 7 + 7 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, ..., 20 and f0 = 7 275 MHz
Lower part
Arr # 22

Arr # 13

Arr # 11

Arr # 12

Arr # 22

Arr # 13

14 MHZ

14 MHZ

14 MHZ

14 MHZ

14 MHZ

14 MHZ

Freq.
[MHz]

7128.00

2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

7135.00

7131.50

Ch
#

7142.00

7149.00

7145.50

7163.00

7159.50

7177.00

7173.50

7191.00

7187.50

7205.00

7201.50

7219.00

7215.50

7233.00

7229.50

7247.00

7243.50

10

7261.00

10

7257.50

7156.00

7170.00

7184.00

7198.00

7212.00

7226.00

7240.00

7254.00

10

Freq.
[MHz]

7138.50

7194.50

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

7289.00

2'

7303.00

4'

7166.50
7180.50

Ch
#

3'

7152.50

Sub-band L0

Ch
#

7208.50
7222.50
7236.50
7250.50
7264.50

5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

7296.00

7292.50

7310.00

7306.50

7324.00

7320.50

7338.00

7334.50

7352.00

7348.50

7366.00

7362.50

7380.00

7376.50

7394.00

7390.50

7408.00

7404.50

10

7422.00

10

7418.50

7317.00
7331.00
7345.00
7359.00
7373.00
7387.00
7401.00
7415.00

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

7299.50

7313.50

7327.50

7341.50

7355.50

7369.50

7383.50

7397.50

7411.50

10

7425.50

Sub-band U0

Arr # 12
14 MHZ

XCVR Unit

Arr # 11
14 MHZ

XCVR Unit

Upper part

Arrangement 22 available upon request.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

67

ITU-R F.385-7 Rec 1-4


Various arrangements based on the following relationship (including interleaved channels)
161 MHz Duplex spacing, 28 MHz Channel Spacing
fn = f0 - 154 + 7 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 7 + 7 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, ..., 20 and f0 = 7 275 MHz
Arr # 23

Arr # 19

Arr # 1

Arr # 20

Arr # 18

Arr # 2

Arr # 24

Arr # 3

Arr #23

Arr # 19

Arr # 1

Arr # 20

Arr # 18

Arr # 2

Arr # 24

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq.


# [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz]

XCVR Unit

Arr # 3
28 MHZ

Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq.


# [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz]

1 7289.0 1 7292.5

1 7128.0 1 7131.5
1 7135.0 1 7138.5

1 7296.0 1 7299.5
1 7303.0 1 7306.5

1 7142.0 1 7145.5

1 7310.0 1 7313.5

1 7149.0 1 7152.5
2 7317.0 2 7320.5

2 7156.0 2 7159.5
2 7163.0 2 7166.5

2 7324.0 2 7327.5

3 7184.0 3 7187.5
3 7191.0 3 7194.5
3 7198.0 3 7201.5
3 7205.0 3 7208.5

Sub-band L0

2 7177.0 2 7180.5

2 7338.0 2 7341.5
3 7345.0 3 7348.5
3 7352.0 3 7355.5
3 7359.0 3 7362.5
3 7366.0 3 7369.5
4 7373.0 4 7376.5

4 7212.0 4 7215.5
4 7219.0 4 7222.5

4 7380.0 4 7383.5
4 7387.0 4 7390.5

4 7226.0 4 7229.5

4 7394.0 4 7397.5

4 7233.0 4 7236.5
5 7240.0 5 7243.5

5 7401.0 5 7404.5
5 7247.0 5 7250.5

5 7408.0 5 7411.5
5 7254.0 5 7257.5

5 7415.0 5 7418.5
5 7422.0 5 7425.5

5 7261.0 5 7264.5

Arrangement #23 and #24 available upon request.

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Sub-band U0

2 7331.0 2 7334.5

2 7170.0 2 7173.5

68

XCVR Unit

Upper part

Lower part

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 7.2-7.6 and 7.1-7.7 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.385-7 Rec 1-4
161 MHz Duplex Spacing, 28 MHz channel spacing
fn = f0 - 154 + 28 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 7 + 28 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and f0 = 7 400 MHz
Lower half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

7274.00

7302.00

3
4
5

7330.00

Upper half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ

XCVR Unit

Sub-band L0

7358.00
7386.00

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

7435.00

2'

7463.00

3'
4'
5'

7491.00

XCVR Unit

Sub-band U0

7519.00
7547.00

7.1-7.7 GHz
300 MHz Duplex Spacing, 30 MHz channel spacing

7140.00
7170.00
7200.00
7230.00
7260.00
7290.00
7320.00

Sub-band L0

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

7350.00
7380.00
7410.00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

Upper half
Channel spacing
30 MHZ
Ch #
Freq. [MHz]
XCVR Unit
7440.00
1'
7470.00
2'
7500.00
3'
7530.00
4'
7560.00
5'
7590.00
6'
7620.00
7'
7650.00
8'
7680.00
9'
7710.00
10'
Sub-band U0

Lower half
Channel spacing
30 MHZ
Ch # Freq. [MHz]
XCVR Unit

69

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 7.4-7.7 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.385-7 ANNEX 3 upper part
168 MHz Duplex Spacing, 28 MHz channel spacing
fn = f0 - 168 + 28 n MHz
f'n = f0 28 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and f0 = 7 597 MHz
Lower half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ

7457,00

7485,00

7513,00

7541,00

7569,00

XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

7625,00

2'

7653,00

3'

7681,00

4'

7709,00

5'

7737,00

XCVR
Unit
Sub-band U0

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L0

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ

ITU-R F.385-7 ANNEX 1 ,4


182 MHz Duplex Spacing, 28 MHz channel spacing
fn = f0 - 175 + 28 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 7 + 28 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and f0 = 7 575 MHz
Lower half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ

70

7428,00

7456,00

7484,00

7512,00

7540,00

XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

7610,00

2'

7638,00

3'

7666,00

4'

7694,00

5'

7722,00

CityLink XT

XCVR
Unit
Sub-band U0

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L0

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

ITU-R F.385-7 ANNEX 1, 5


154 MHz Duplex Spacing, 28 MHz channel spacing
fn = f0 - 147 + 28 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 7 + 28 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and f0 = 7 575 MHz
Lower half
Upper half
Channel spacing
Channel spacing
28 MHZ
28 MHZ

7456,00

7484,00

7512,00

7540,00

XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

7610,00

2'

7638,00

3'

7666,00

4'

7694,00

ITU-R F.385-7 ANNEX 1, 1

XCVR
Unit
Sub-band U0

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L0

Ch #

CEPT 02-06

154 MHz Duplex spacing


14 MHz Channel spacing
fn = fo - 154+ 14 n MHz
fn = fo + 14 n MHz
where n = 1,2 ... 10 and fo = 7575 MHz

28 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 161 + 28 n MHz
fn = fo - 7 + 28 n MHz
where n = 1,2 ... 5 and fo = 7575 MHz

Freq.
[MHz]

7442,00

7470,00

7498,00

7526,00

7554,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

7435,00

7449,00

7463,00

7477,00

7491,00

7505,00

7519,00

7533,00

7547,00

10

7561,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band L0

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ
14 MHZ

CityLink XT

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

7596,00

2'

7624,00

3'

7652,00

4'

7680,00

5'

7708,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

7589,00

2'

7603,00

3'

7617,00

4'

7631,00

5'

7645,00

6'

7659,00

7'

7673,00

8'

7687,00

9'

7701,00

10'

7715,00

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U0

Lower half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ
14 MHZ

71

ITU-R F.385-7 Rec 1-4


Various arrangements based on the following relationship (including interleaved channels)
161 MHz Duplex spacing, 14 MHz Channel Spacing
fn = f0 - 154 + 7 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 7 + 7 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, ..., 20 and f0 = 7 575 MHz

Lower part
Arr # 10

Arr # 8

Arr # 15

Arr # 9

Arr # 10

14 MHZ

14 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

14 MHZ

14 MHZ

14 MHZ

14 MHZ

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

7428.0

7431.5

7442.0

7445.5

7456.0

7459.5

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

7435.0

7438.5

5
6
7
8
9
10

7470.0
7484.0
7498.0
7512.0
7526.0
7540.0
7554.0

4
5
6
7
8
9
10

7477.0

7491.0

7505.0

7494.5
7508.5

7515.5
7

7519.0

7533.0

7547.0

9
10

1'

7592.5

2'

7603.0

2'

7606.5

3'

7617.0

3'

7620.5

4'

7631.0

4'

7634.5

5'

7645.0

5'

7648.5

6'

7659.0

6'

7662.5

7'

7673.0

7'

7676.5

8'

7687.0

8'

7690.5

9'

7701.0

9'

7704.5

10'

7715.0 10' 7718.5

7550.5

7557.5
7561.0

7589.0

7536.5

7543.5
9

1'

7522.5

7529.5
8

Freq.
[MHz]

7480.5

7501.5
6

Ch
#

7466.5

7487.5
5

Freq.
[MHz]

7452.5

7473.5

10

72

7463.0

Sub-band L0

7449.0

Ch
#

7564.5

CityLink XT

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

Ch
#

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

7596.0

1'

7599.5

2'

7610.0

2'

7613.5

3'

7624.0

3'

7627.5

4'

7638.0

4'

7641.5

5'

7652.0

5'

7655.5

6'

7666.0

6'

7669.5

7'

7680.0

7'

7683.5

8'

7694.0

8'

7697.5

9'

7708.0

9'

7711.5

10'

7722.0 10'

7725.5

Sub-band U0

Arr # 9

XCVR Unit

Arr # 15

XCVR Unit

Upper part

Arr # 8

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

ITU-R F.385-7 Rec 1-4


Various arrangements based on the following relationship (including interleaved channels)
161 MHz Duplex spacing, 28 MHz Channel Spacing
fn = f0 - 154 + 7 n MHz
f'n = f0 + 7 + 7 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, ..., 20 and f0 = 7 575 MHz
Lower part
Arr # 7

Arr # 6

Arr # 14

Arr # 25

Arr # 16

Arr # 26

Arr # 21

Arr # 4

Arr # 17

Arr # 7

Arr # 6

Arr # 14

Arr # 25

Arr # 16

Arr # 26

Arr # 21

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

7428.0

1' 7596.0 1'


7442.0

7445.5

7473.5

7491.0

7498.0

7501.5

3
3

7508.5

3' 7652.0 3'

7529.5
4

7547.0

7550.5
7554.0

7557.5

5
5

7561.0

7564.5

4' 7694.0 4'

7697.5

5' 7722.0 5'

7725.5

3'

7666.0

7690.5

4'

7704.5
5' 7708.0 5'

7669.5

7683.5
4' 7687.0 4'

5' 7701.0 5'


5

3' 7666.0 3'

2'

7662.5

7536.5

7543.5

7641.5

7634.5

7676.5

4
7533.0

2' 7638.0 2'

7603.0

7655.5
3' 7659.0 3'

4' 7680.0 4'


7526.0

7613.5

7648.5

7522.5
4

7505.0

3' 7645.0 3'

4' 7673.0 4'


7519.0

4
7540.0

7505.0

7515.5
4

2' 7631.0 2'

7480.5

7494.5
3

7512.0

1'
1' 7610.0 1'

7627.5

2
7477.0

7606.5

7620.5
2' 7624.0 2'

7470.0

7487.5
3

1' 7603.0 1'

7452.5

7466.5
2

7484.0

2' 7617.0 2'


7463.0

2
3

7449.0

7599.5

7442.0

7459.5
2

7592.5

7438.5
1

Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq.


# [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz]

1' 7589.0 1'


7435.0

1
7456.0

Freq. Ch Freq.
[MHz] # [MHz]

7431.5
1

Freq. Ch
[MHz] #

Sub-band L0

Ch
#

Sub-band U0

Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq. Ch Freq.


# [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz] # [MHz]

XCVR Unit

Arr # 17

XCVR Unit

Upper Part

Arr # 4

7711.5
5' 7715.0 5'

7718.5

5'

Arrangement #25 and #26 available upon request.

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

73

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 7.4-7.9 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.385-7 ANNEX 4
245 MHz Duplex spacing, 28 and 14 MHz Channel Spacing
14 MHz Channel spacing
fn = f0 241.5+ 14 n MHz
fn = f0 + 3.5 14 n MHz
where n = 1,2 ... 16 and f0 = 7662.5 MHz

28 MHz Channel spacing


fn = f0 248.5 + 28 n MHz
fn = f0 3.5 + 28 n MHz
where n = 1,2 ... 8 and f0 = 7662.5 MHz

7442,00

2
3
4

74

7470,00
7498,00
7526,00

7554,00

7582,00

7610,00

7638,00

Freq.
[MHz]

7435,00

7449,00

7463,00

7477,00

7491,00

7505,00

7519,00

7533,00

7547,00

10

7561,00

11

7575,00

12

7589,00

13

7603,00

14

7617,00

15

7631,00

16

7645,00

XCVR
Unit

CityLink XT

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

7687,00

2'
3'

7715,00
7743,00

4'

7771,00

5'

7799,00

6'

7827,00

7'

7855,00

8'

7883,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

7680,00

2'

7694,00

3'

7708,00

4'

7722,00

5'

7736,00

6'

7750,00

7'

7764,00

8'

7778,00

9'

7792,00

10'

7806,00

11'

7820,00

12'

7834,00

13'

7848,00

14'

7862,00

15'

7876,00

16'

7890,00

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

Ch #

Sub-band L1

Freq.
[MHz]

Sub-band L2

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ
14 MHZ

Sub-band U2

Lower half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ
14 MHZ

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 7.7-8.3 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.386-6 ANNEX 1
311.32 MHz Duplex spacing, 29.65 MHz Channel Spacing
fn = f0 - 281.95 + 29.65 n MHz
fn = f0 + 29.37 + 29.65 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and f0 = 8 000 MHz

7747,70

7777,35

7807,00

7836,65

7866,30

7895,95

7925,60

7955,25

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band L2

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

8059,02

2'

8088,67

3'

8118,32

4'

8147,97

5'

8177,62

6'

8207,27

7'

8236,92

8'

8266,57

XCVR
Unit
Sub-band U1

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L1

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
29.65 MHz

Sub-band U2

Lower half
Channel spacing
29.65 MHz

ITU-R F.386-6 ANNEX 1, 4


311.32 MHz Duplex spacing, 29.65 MHz Channel Spacing
fn = f0 - 281.95 + 29.65 n - 14.825 MHz
fn = f0 + 29.37 + 29.65 n - 14.825 MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and f0 = 8 000 MHz

7732,88

7762,525

7792,175

7821,825

7851,475

7881,125

7910,775

7940,425

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

8044,195

2'

8073,845

3'

8103,495

4'

8133,145

5'

8162,795

6'

8192,445

7'

8222,095

8'

8251,745

XCVR
Unit
Sub-band U1

XCVR
Unit
Sub-band L1

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L2

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
29.65 MHz

Sub-band U2

Lower half
Channel spacing
29.65 MHz

75

7.7 - 8.3 GHz


310 MHz Duplex spacing, 40 MHz Channel Spacing

76

XCVR Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

XCVR Unit

7745.00

1'

8055.00

7785.00

2'

8095.00

7825.00

3'

8135.00

7865.00

4'

8175.00

7905.00

5'

8215.00

7945.00

6'

8255.00

CityLink XT

Sub-band U2

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L2

Ch #

Subband U1

Upper half
Channel spacing
40 MHz

Subband L1

Lower half
Channel spacing
40 MHz

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 7.9-8.4 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.386-6 ANNEX 4
266 MHz Duplex spacing, 28 and 14 MHz Channel Spacing
28 MHz Channel spacing
fn = f0 - 259 + 28 n MHz
fn = f0 + 7 + 28 n MHz
where n = 1,2 ... 8 and f0 = 8157

14 MHz Channel spacing


fn = f0 - 259 + 14 n MHz
fn = f0 + 7 + 14 n MHz
where n = 1,2 ... 16 and f o = 8157

Freq.
[MHz]

7926,00

7954,00

7982,00

8010,00

8038,00

8066,00

8094,00

8122,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

7912,00
7926,00
7940,00
7954,00
7968,00
7982,00
7996,00
8010,00
8024,00
8038,00
8052,00
8066,00
8080,00
8094,00
8108,00
8122,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band L0

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ
14 MHZ

CityLink XT

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

8192,00

2'

8220,00

3'

8248,00

4'

8276,00

5'

8304,00

6'

8332,00

7'

8360,00

8'

8388,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

XCVR
Unit

1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'
11'
12'
13'
14'
15'
16'

8178,00
8192,00
8206,00
8220,00
8234,00
8248,00
8262,00
8276,00
8290,00
8304,00
8318,00
8332,00
8346,00
8360,00
8374,00
8388,00

Sub-band U0

Lower half
Channel spacing
28 MHZ
14 MHZ

77

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 8.2-8.5 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.386-6 ANNEX 3, 1.1
119 MHz Duplex spacing, 28 and 14 MHz Channel Spacing
14 MHz Channel spacing
fn = f0 - 108.5 + 14 n MHz
fn = f0 + 10.5 + 14 n MHz
where n = 1,2 ... 16 and f0 = 8387.5

28 MHz Channel spacing


fn = f0 - 108.5 + 28 n MHz
fn = f0 + 10.5 + 28 n MHz
where n = 2,4 and 6 and f0 = 8387.5

Lower half

Upper half

Channel spacing

Freq.
[MHz]

8307,00

Ch #
1
2
3
4
5
6

8335,00
8363,00

Freq.
[MHz]

XCVR
Unit

8293,00
8307,00
8321,00
8335,00
8349,00

Sub-band L0

Ch #

28 MHZ

8363,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

2'

8426,00

4'

8454,00

6'

8482,00

14 MHZ

Ch #
1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'

Freq.
[MHz]
8412,00
8426,00
8440,00
8454,00
8468,00

XCVR
Unit
Sub-band U0

14 MHZ

28 MHZ

Channel spacing

8482,00

8.2-8.5 Arrangement #1
Pattern based on ITU-R F.385-7, ANNEX 1
154 MHz Duplex spacing, 28 MHz Channel Spacing
fn = f0 - 161 + 28 n MHz
fn = f0 - 7 + 28 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,4,5 and f0 = 8350 MHz

78

Upper half
Channel spacing

28 MHZ

28 MHZ

Freq. [MHz]

XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

8217,00

1'

8371,00

8245,00

2'

8399,00

8273,00

3'

8427,000

8301,00

4'

8455,000

8329,00

5'

8483,000

Sub-band L1

Ch #

CityLink XT

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

Lower half
Channel spacing

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 11 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.387-9 Rec. 1
530 MHz Duplex spacing, 40 MHz Channel Spacing
fn = f0 - 525 + 40 n MHz
fn = f0 + 5 + 40 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, ... 12 and f0 = 11 200 MHz

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

10715,00

1'

11245,00

10755,00

2'

11285,00

10795,00

3'

11325,00

10835,00

4'

11365,00

10875,00

5'

11405,00

10915,00

6'

11445,00

10955,00

7'

11485,00

10995,00

8'

11525,00

11035,00

9'

11565,00

10

11075,00

10'

11605,00

11

11115,00

11'

11645,00

12

11155,00

12'

11685,00

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band L1

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band
L2

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
40 MHZ

Sub-band
U2

Lower half
Channel spacing
40 MHZ

ITU-R F.387-9, Annex 1 and CEPT12-06 Rec.1


530 MHz Duplex spacing, 40 MHz Channel Spacing
fn = f0 - 545 + 40 n MHz
f'n = f0 - 15 + 40 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, ... 12 and f0 = 11 200 MHz

XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

10695,00

1'

11225,00

10735,00

2'

11265,00

10775,00

3'

11305,00

10815,00

4'

11345,00

10855,00

5'

11385,00

10895,00

6'

11425,00

10935,00

7'

11465,00

10975,00

8'

11505,00

11015,00

9'

11545,00

11055,00

10'

11585,00

11

11095,00

11'

11625,00

12

11135,00

12'

11665,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Sub-band
L2

9
10

CityLink XT

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band L1

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
40 MHZ

Sub-band
U2

Lower half
Channel spacing
40 MHZ

79

ITU-R F.387-9, Annex 2 and CEPT12-06 Rec.3


FCC 47CFR Part 101.147 (o) (7) and SRSP 310.7 (D/D')
490 MHz Duplex spacing, 40 MHz Channel Spacing
fn = f0 - 505 + 40 n MHz
fn = f0 - 15 + 40 n MHz
where: n = 1, 2, 3, ... 12 and f0 = 11 200 MHz

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

10735,00

1'

11225,00

10775,00

2'

11265,00

10815,00

3'

11305,00

10855,00

4'

11345,00

10895,00

5'

11385,00

10935,00

6'

11425,00

10975,00

7'

11465,00

11015,00

8'

11505,00

11055,00

9'

11545,00

10

11095,00

10'

11585,00

11

11135,00

11'

11625,00

12

11175,00

12'

11665,00

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band L1

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band
L2

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
40 MHZ

Sub-band
U2

Lower half
Channel spacing
40 MHZ

10.7-11.7 Arr. #1
490 MHz Duplex spacing, 40 MHz Channel Spacing

80

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

10755.00

1'

11245.00

10795.00

2'

11285.00

10835.00

3'

11325.00

10875.00

4'

11365.00

10915.00

5'

11405.00

10955.00

6'

11445.00

10995.00

7'

11485.00

11035.00

8'

11525.00

11075.00

9'

11565.00

10

11115.00

10'

11605.00

11

11155.00

11'

11645.00

CityLink XT

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band L1

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band
L2

Ch #

Upper half
Channel spacing
40 MHZ

Sub-band
U2

Lower half
Channel spacing
40 MHZ

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 13 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.497-6 and CEPT 12 02 F
266 MHz Duplex
14 MHz Channel spacing
fn = fo -252 + 14 n MHz
fn = fo + 14 + 14 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3, ..., 16 and f o = 12996

28 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 259 + 28 n MHz
fn = fo + 7 + 28 n MHz
where n = 2,4 and 8 and fo = 12996

Lower half

Upper half

Channel spacing

12912,00
12926,00
12940,00
12954,00
12968,00

12821,00

12849,00

12877,00

12905,00

12933,00

12961,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

13150,00
13164,00
13178,00
13192,00
13206,00
13220,00
13234,00

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

13031,00

2'

13059,00

3'

13087,00

4'

13115,00

5'

13143,00

6'

13171,00

7'

13199,00

8'

13227,00

XCVR Unit

13024,00
13038,00
13052,00
13066,00
13080,00
13094,00
13108,00
13122,00
13136,00

Ch #

Branching
Unit

12793,00

Freq.
[MHz]

Sub-band A-U

XCVR Unit

12765,00

Ch #
1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'
11'
12'
13'
14'
15'
16'

28 MHZ

Sub-band U0

12898,00

14 MHZ

Sub-band B-U

12884,00

Freq.
[MHz]

Sub-band L0

12758,00
12772,00
12786,00
12800,00
12814,00
12828,00
12842,00
12856,00
12870,00

Ch #

Branching
Unit

Freq.
[MHz]

Sub-band A-L

Ch #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Channel spacing

28 MHZ

Sub-band B-L

14 MHZ

81

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 15 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.636-3
490 MHz Duplex
14 MHz Channel spacing
fn = fr - 2 702 + 14 n MHz
fn = fr - 3 640 + 14 (32 n) MHz
where n = 1,2,3, ..., 32 and fr = 11 701 MHz

28 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 2 688 + 28 n MHz
fn = fo + 3 626 28 (16 - n) MHz
where n = 1,2,3, ..., 32 and fr = 11 701 MHz

82

14445,00

14473,00

14501,00

14529,00

14557,00

14585,00

14613,00

14641,00

10

14669,00

11

14697,00

12

14725,00

13

14753,00

14

14781,00

15

14809,00

16

14837,00

CityLink XT

1'

14907,00

2'

14935,00

3'

14963,00

4'

14991,00

5'

15019,00

6'

15047,00

7'

15075,00

8'

15103,00

9'

15131,00

10'

15159,00

11'

15187,00

12'

15215,00

13'

15243,00

14'

15271,00

15'

15299,00

16'

15327,00

XCVR Unit

Ch #

Sub-band U0

14907,00
14921,00
14935,00
14949,00
14963,00
14977,00
14991,00
15005,00
15019,00
15033,00
15047,00
15061,00
15075,00
15089,00
15103,00
15117,00
15131,00
15145,00
15159,00
15173,00
15187,00
15201,00
15215,00
15229,00
15243,00
15257,00
15271,00
15285,00
15299,00
15313,00
15327,00
15341,00

Freq.
[MHz]

Sub-band F-U

14417,00

Ch #
1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'
11'
12'
13'
14'
15'
16'
17'
18'
19'
20'
21'
22'
23'
24'
25'
26'
27'
28'
29'
30'
31'
32'

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ

Sub-band G-U

XCVR Unit

Ch #

Sub-band L0

14417,00
14431,00
14445,00
14459,00
14473,00
14487,00
14501,00
14515,00
14529,00
14543,00
14557,00
14571,00
14585,00
14599,00
14613,00
14627,00
14641,00
14655,00
14669,00
14683,00
14697,00
14711,00
14725,00
14739,00
14753,00
14767,00
14781,00
14795,00
14809,00
14823,00
14837,00
14851,00

Freq.
[MHz]

14 MHZ

Sub-band F-L

Ch #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ

Sub-band G-L

14 MHZ

Channel spacing

Branching Unit

Upper half
Branching Unit

Lower half
Channel spacing

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

ITU-R F.636-3
420 MHz Duplex
14 MHz Channel spacing
fn = fr - 2 800 + 14 n MHz
fn = fr - 3 640 + 14 (32 n) MHz
where n = 1,2,3, ..., 32 and fr = 11 701 MHz

28 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 2 786 + 28 n MHz
fn = fo + 3 626 28 (16 - n) MHz
where n = 1,2,3, ..., 32 and fr = 11 701 MHz

14543,00

14571,00

14599,00

14627,00

14655,00

14683,00

14711,00

14739,00

10

14767,00

11

14795,00

12

14823,00

13

14851,00

14

14879,00

15

14907,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

14935,00

2'

14963,00

3'

14991,00

4'

15019,00

5'

15047,00

6'

15075,00

7'

15103,00

8'

15131,00

9'

15159,00

10'

15187,00

11'

15215,00

12'

15243,00

13'

15271,00

14'

15299,00

15'

15327,00

XCVR Unit

14935,00
14949,00
14963,00
14977,00
14991,00
15005,00
15019,00
15033,00
15047,00
15061,00
15075,00
15089,00
15103,00
15117,00
15131,00
15145,00
15159,00
15173,00
15187,00
15201,00
15215,00
15229,00
15243,00
15257,00
15271,00
15285,00
15299,00
15313,00
15327,00
15341,00

Ch #

Sub-band U0

14515,00

Freq.
[MHz]

Branching Unit

Ch #
1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'
11'
12'
13'
14'
15'
16'
17'
18'
19'
20'
21'
22'
23'
24'
25'
26'
27'
28'
29'
30'

Sub-band A-U

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ

Sub-band B-U

14515,00
14529,00
14543,00
14557,00
14571,00
14585,00
14599,00
14613,00
14627,00
14641,00
14655,00
14669,00
14683,00
14697,00
14711,00
14725,00
14739,00
14753,00
14767,00
14781,00
14795,00
14809,00
14823,00
14837,00
14851,00
14865,00
14879,00
14893,00
14907,00
14921,00

Ch #

XCVR Unit

Freq.
[MHz]

14 MHZ

Sub-band L0

Ch #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

28 MHZ

Sub-band A-L

14 MHZ

Channel spacing

Sub-band B-L

Channel spacing

Upper half
Branching Unit

Lower half

83

CEPT12-07 E, 14.5 - 14.62 GHz PAIRED WITH 15.23 - 15.35 GHz


728 MHz Duplex

14571,00

14599,00

15243,00

2'

15271,00

3'

15299,00

4'

15327,00

XCVR Unit

1'

Sub-band U0

14543,00

Freq.
[MHz]

XCVR Unit

15243,00
15257,00
15271,00
15285,00
15299,00
15313,00
15327,00
15341,00

Ch #

Sub-band U0

14515,00

Freq.
[MHz]

Branching Unit

Ch #
1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'

Sub-band C-U

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ

Branching Unit

14515,00
14529,00
14543,00
14557,00
14571,00
14585,00
14599,00
14613,00

Ch #

14 MHZ

Sub-band C-U

Freq.
[MHz]

Upper half
Channel spacing
XCVR Unit

Ch #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

28 MHZ

28 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 437 + 28 n MHz
fn = fo + 291 +28 n MHz
where n = 2,4 and 8 and fo = 12996

Sub-band L0

14 MHZ

Sub-band C-L

Lower half
Channel spacing

Branching Unit

14 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 423 + 14 n MHz
fn = fo + 305 + 14 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3, ..., 8 and f o = 14924

ACA RALI FX3, Appendix 1

84

Freq.
[MHz]

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

14550,00
14564,00
14578,00
14592,00
14606,00

14627,00

14655,00

14683,00

CityLink XT

XCVR Unit

Ch #
1
2
3
4
5

28 MHZ

Upper half
Channel spacing

Sub-band L0

14 MHZ

Sub-band C-L

Lower half
Channel spacing

Branching Unit

644 MHz Duplex Spacing, 28 and 14 MHz Channel Spacing

14 MHZ

Ch #
1'
2'
3'
4'
5'

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

15271,00

2'

15299,00

3'

15327,00

15194,00
15208,00
15222,00
15236,00
15250,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CFT MEXICO
315 MHz Duplex, 28 and 14 MHz Channel Spacing

14690,00

14718,00

14746,00

14774,00

14802,00

14830,00

14858,00

14886,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

14977,00

2'

15005,00

3'

15033,00

4'

15061,00

5'

15089,00

6'

15117,00

7'

15145,00

8'

15173,00

9'

15201,00

XCVR Unit

1'

Branching Unit

Ch #

14949,00
14963,00
14977,00
14991,00
15005,00
15019,00
15033,00
15047,00
15061,00
15075,00
15089,00
15103,00
15117,00
15131,00
15145,00
15159,00
15173,00
15187,00
15201,00
15215,00

Sub-band U0

14662,00

Ch #
1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'
11'
12'
13'
14'
15'
16'
17'
18'
19'
20'

Freq.
[MHz]

Sub-band D-L

Sub-band L0

14648,00
14662,00
14676,00
14690,00
14704,00
14718,00
14732,00
14746,00
14760,00
14774,00
14788,00
14802,00
14816,00
14830,00
14844,00
14858,00
14872,00
14886,00
14900,00

Sub-band D-L

14634,00

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ

Sub-band E-L

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

14 MHZ

Sub-band E-L

Ch #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ

Channel spacing
XCVR Unit

14 MHZ

Upper half
Branching Unit

Lower half
Channel spacing

85

14.5 15.35 GHz ARGENTINA

86

14697.00

14725.00

14753.00

14781.00

14809.00

14837.00

14865.00

10

14893.00

CityLink XT

2'

14991.00

3'

15019.00

4'

15047.00

5'

15075.00

6'

15103.00

7'

15131.00

8'

15159.00

9'

15187.00

10'

15215.00

XCVR Unit

14963.00

Sub-band U0

14669.00

1'

Branching Unit

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band D-L

14641.00

Ch #

Sub-band E-L

28 MHZ
XCVR Unit

Freq. [MHz]

Upper part
Channel spacing

Sub-band L0

Ch #

Sub-band D-L

28 MHZ

Sub-band E-L

Lower part
Channel spacing

Branching Unit

322 MHz Duplex, 28 MHz Channel Spacing

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 18 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.595-8, CEPT 12-03E Annex A
1010 MHz Duplex Spacing

28 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 1000 + 27.5 n MHz
fn = fo + 10 +27.5 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,35
and f o = 18 700

Alternative pattern
55 MHz Channel spacing
fn = fo - 1000 + 13.75+55 n MHz
fn = fo + 10 +13.75+55 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,17
and f o = 18 700

17727.5

17755.0

Freq.
Ch # [MHz]

1
3

17782.5

17810.0
2

17837.5

17865.0
3

17892.5

17920.0
4

17947.5

10

17975.0
5

11

18002.5

12

18030.0
6

13

18057.5

14

18085.0

15

18112.5

16

18140.0

8
17

Ch #

17755.0

17810.0

17865.0

17920.0

17975.0

18030.0

18085.0

18140.0

Freq.
[MHz]

17768.75

17823.75

17878.75

17933.75

17988.75

18043.75

18098.75

18153.75

18167.5

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'
11'
12'
13'
14'
15'
16'
17'
18'
19'
20'
21'
22'
23'
24'
25'
26'
27'
28'
29'
30'
31'
32'
33'
34'
35'

18723.75
18737.50
18751.25
18765.00
18778.75
18792.50
18806.25
18820.00
18833.75
18847.50
18861.25
18875.00
18888.75
18902.50
18916.25
18930.00
18943.75
18957.50
18971.25
18985.00
18998.75
19012.50
19026.25
19040.00
19053.75
19067.50
19081.25
19095.00
19108.75
19122.50
19136.25
19150.00
19163.75
19177.50
19191.25

27.5 MHZ

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

18737.5

2'

18765.0

3'

18792.5

4'

18820.0

5'

18847.5

6'

18875.0

7'

18902.5

8'

18930.0

9'

18957.5

10'

18985.0

11'

19012.5

12'

19040.0

13'

19067.5

14'

19095.0

15'

19122.5

16'

19150.0

17'

19177.5

55 MHZ

55 MHZ

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

18765.0

1'

18778.8

2'

18820.0

2'

18833.8

3'

18875.0

3'

18888.8

4'

18930.0

4'

18943.8

5'

18985.0

5'

18998.8

6'

19040.0

6'

19053.8

7'

19095.0

7'

19108.8

8'

19150.0

8'

19163.8

XCVR Unit

17713.75
17727.50
17741.25
17755.00
17768.75
17782.50
17796.25
17810.00
17823.75
17837.50
17851.25
17865.00
17878.75
17892.50
17906.25
17920.00
17933.75
17947.50
17961.25
17975.00
17988.75
18002.50
18016.25
18030.00
18043.75
18057.50
18071.25
18085.00
18098.75
18112.50
18126.25
18140.00
18153.75
18167.50
18181.25

Freq.
[MHz]

13.75 MHZ

Sub-band U0

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

Ch #

XCVR Unit

Freq.
[MHz]

55 MHZ

55 MHZ

Sub-band L0

Ch #

27.5 MHZ

Sub-band A-L

13.75 MHZ

Channel spacing

Branching Unit

Upper half
Branching Unit

Lower half
Channel spacing

Sub-band A-U

13.75 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 1000 + 13.75 n MHz
fn = fo + 10 + 13.75 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3, ..., 70
and f o = 18 700

55 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 1000 + 55 n MHz
fn = fo + 10 +55 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,17
and f o = 18 700

The table continues on next page

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

87

Continued from last page

88

18195.0
9

19

18222.5

20

18250.0
10

21

18277.5

22

18305.0

23

18332.5

24

18360.0

11

12
25

18387.5

26

18415.0

27

18442.5

28

18470.0

13

14
29

18497.5

30

18525.0
15

31

18552.5

32

18580.0

33

18607.5

34

18635.0

16

17
35

18195.0

18250.0

18305.0

18360.0

18415.0

18470.0

18525.0

18580.0

18635.0

Ch #
9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

Freq.
[MHz]
18208.75

18263.75

18318.75

18373.75

18428.75

18483.75

18538.75

18593.75

18648.75

18662.5

CityLink XT

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

36'
37'
38'
39'
40'
41'
42'
43'
44'
45'
46'
47'
48'
49'
50'
51'
52'
53'
54'
55'
56'
57'
58'
59'
60'
61'
62'
63'
64'
65'
66'
67'
68'
69'
70'

19205.00
19218.75
19232.50
19246.25
19260.00
19273.75
19287.50
19301.25
19315.00
19328.75
19342.50
19356.25
19370.00
19383.75
19397.50
19411.25
19425.00
19438.75
19452.50
19466.25
19480.00
19493.75
19507.50
19521.25
19535.00
19548.75
19562.50
19576.25
19590.00
19603.75
19617.50
19631.25
19645.00
19658.75
19672.50

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

18'

19205.0

19'

19232.5

20'

19260.0

21'

19287.5

22'

19315.0

23'

19342.5

24'

19370.0

25'

19397.5

26'

19425.0

27'

19452.5

28'

19480.0

29'

19507.5

30'

19535.0

31'

19562.5

32'

19590.0

33'

19617.5

34'

19645.0

35'

19672.5

55 MHZ

55 MHZ

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

9'

19205.0

9'

19218.8

10'

19260.0

10'

19273.8

11'

19315.0

11'

19328.8

12'

19370.0

12'

19383.8

13'

19425.0

13'

19438.8

14'

19480.0

14'

19493.8

15'

19535.0

15'

19548.8

16'

19590.0

16'

19603.8

17'

19645.0

17'

19658.8

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

XCVR Unit

18

Freq.
Ch # [MHz]

27.5 MHZ

Branching Unit

18195.00
18208.75
18222.50
18236.25
18250.00
18263.75
18277.50
18291.25
18305.00
18318.75
18332.50
18346.25
18360.00
18373.75
18387.50
18401.25
18415.00
18428.75
18442.50
18456.25
18470.00
18483.75
18497.50
18511.25
18525.00
18538.75
18552.50
18566.25
18580.00
18593.75
18607.50
18621.25
18635.00
18648.75
18662.50

Freq.
[MHz]

13.75 MHZ

Sub-band U0

36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70

Ch #

55 MHZ

XCVR Unit

Freq.
[MHz]

55 MHZ

Sub-band L0

Ch #

27.5 MHZ

Sub-band B-L

13.75 MHZ

Channel spacing

Sub-band B-U

Upper half
Branching Unit

Lower half
Channel spacing

Anatel Norma No 15/96 (Brasil)


ITU-R F.595-8 Annex 7 B3
1560 MHz Duplex Spacing, 55 MHz Channel Spacing
Lower half

Upper half

Channel spacing

Channel spacing

Freq. [MHz]

Branching
Unit

XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

19287,50

17782,50

2'

19342,50

17837,50

3'

19397,50

17892,50

4'

19452,50

17947,50

5'

19507,50

18002,50

6'

19562,50

18057,50

7'

19617,50

18112,50

8'

19672,50

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Sub-band L0

17727,50

Sub-band C-L

CityLink XT

Branching
Unit

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band L0

Ch #

Sub-band C-L

55 MHZ

55 MHZ

89

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 23 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.637-3, ANNEX 3

CEPT 13-02E Annex A

1008 MHz Duplex Spacing

90

22022,00

22050,00

22078,00

22106,00

22134,00

22162,00

22190,00

22218,00

22246,00

10

22274,00

11

22302,00

12

22330,00

13

22358,00

14

22386,00

15

22414,00

16

22442,00

17

22470,00

18

22498,00

19

22526,00

20

22554,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

22078,00

22134,00

22190,00

22246,00

22302,00

22358,00

22414,00

22470,00

22526,00

CityLink XT

Ch #
1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'
11'
12'
13'
14'
15'
16'
17'
18'
19'
20'
21'
22'
23'
24'
25'
26'
27'
28'
29'
30'
31'
32'
33'
34'
35'
36'
37'
38'
39'
40'
41'

Freq.
[MHz]
23023,00
23037,00
23051,00
23065,00
23079,00
23093,00
23107,00
23121,00
23135,00
23149,00
23163,00
23177,00
23191,00
23205,00
23219,00
23233,00
23247,00
23261,00
23275,00
23289,00
23303,00
23317,00
23331,00
23345,00
23359,00
23373,00
23387,00
23401,00
23415,00
23429,00
23443,00
23457,00
23471,00
23485,00
23499,00
23513,00
23527,00
23541,00
23555,00
23569,00
23583,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

23030,00

2'

23058,00

3'

23086,00

4'

23114,00

5'

23142,00

6'

23170,00

7'

23198,00

8'

23226,00

9'

23254,00

10'

23282,00

11'

23310,00

12'

23338,00

13'

23366,00

14'

23394,00

15'

23422,00

16'

23450,00

17'

23478,00

18'

23506,00

19'

23534,00

20'

23562,00

56 MHZ

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

23086,00

2'

23142,00

3'

23198,00

4'

23254,00

5'

23310,00

6'

23366,00

7'

23422,00

8'

23478,00

9'

23534,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

XCVR Unit

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ

Sub-band U0

22015,00
22029,00
22043,00
22057,00
22071,00
22085,00
22099,00
22113,00
22127,00
22141,00
22155,00
22169,00
22183,00
22197,00
22211,00
22225,00
22239,00
22253,00
22267,00
22281,00
22295,00
22309,00
22323,00
22337,00
22351,00
22365,00
22379,00
22393,00
22407,00
22421,00
22435,00
22449,00
22463,00
22477,00
22491,00
22505,00
22519,00
22533,00
22547,00
22561,00
22575,00

Ch #

14 MHZ

Branching Unit

Freq.
[MHz]

56 MHZ

Sub-band L0

Ch #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41

28 MHZ

Sub-band D-L

14 MHZ

56 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo + 826 + 56 n MHz
fn = fo + 1834 +56 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,9
and f o = 21 196 MHz
Upper half
Channel spacing

XCVR Unit

Lower half
Channel spacing

Branching Unit

28 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo + 798 + 28 n MHz
fn = fo + 1806 + 28 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,20
and f o = 21 196 MHz

Sub-band D-U

14 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo + 805 + 14 n MHz
fn = fo + 1813 + 14 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3, ..., 41
and f o = 21 196 MHz

RA 352, 22.0-23.6
1008 MHz Duplex Spacing, 56 MHz Channel Spacing
Only channels 3, 7 and 8 can be used

Lower half

Upper half

Channel spacing

Channel spacing

Freq. [MHz]

Branching
Unit

XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

23034,00

22092,00

2'

23090,00

22148,00

3'

23146,00

22204,00

4'

23202,00

22260,00

5'

23258,00

22316,00

6'

23314,00

22372,00

7'

23370,00

22428,00

8'

23426,00

Sub-band L1

22036,00

Sub-band D-L

22484,00

9'

23482,00

10

22540,00

10'

23538,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

Branching
Unit

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

Ch #

56 MHz

Sub-band D-U

56 MHz

91

ITU-R F.637-3, ANNEX 1


1232 MHz Duplex Spacing, 56 and 28 MHz Duplex Spacing
RF channel arrangements for the band 21.2-23.6 GHz should be based on a homogeneous pattern;
the homogeneous pattern with a preferred 3.5 MHz interval be defined by the relation
fp = fr + 3.5 + 3.5 p
fr = 21196 MHz
Lower half

Upper half

21476.00

21532.00

21588.00

21644.00

21700.00

10

21756.00

11

21812.00

12

21868.00

13

21924.00

14

21980.00

15

22036.00

16

22092.00

17

22148.00

18

22204.00

19

22260.00

20

22316.00

92

CityLink XT

22484.00

2'

22540.00

3'

22596.00

4'

22652.00

5'

22708.00

6'

22764.00

7'

22820.00

8'

22876.00

9'

22932.00

10'

22988.00

11'

23044.00

12'

23100.00

13'

23156.00

14'

23212.00

15'

23268.00

16'

23324.00

17'

23380.00

18'

23436.00

19'

23492.00

20'

23548.00

Freq.
[MHz]

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'
11'
12'
13'
14'
15'
16'
17'
18'
19'
20'
21'
22'
23'
24'
25'
26'
27'
28'
29'
30'
31'
32'
33'
34'
35'
36'
37'
38'
39'
40'

22470.00
22498.00
22526.00
22554.00
22582.00
22610.00
22638.00
22666.00
22694.00
22722.00
22750.00
22778.00
22806.00
22834.00
22862.00
22890.00
22918.00
22946.00
22974.00
23002.00
23030.00
23058.00
23086.00
23114.00
23142.00
23170.00
23198.00
23226.00
23254.00
23282.00
23310.00
23338.00
23366.00
23394.00
23422.00
23450.00
23478.00
23506.00
23534.00
23562.00

1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'
11'
12'
13'
14'
15'
16'
17'
18'
19'
20'
21'
22'
23'
24'
25'
26'
27'
28'
29'
30'
31'
32'
33'
34'
35'
36'
37'
38'
39'
40'

22473.50
22501.50
22529.50
22557.50
22585.50
22613.50
22641.50
22669.50
22697.50
22725.50
22753.50
22781.50
22809.50
22837.50
22865.50
22893.50
22921.50
22949.50
22977.50
23005.50
23033.50
23061.50
23089.50
23117.50
23145.50
23173.50
23201.50
23229.50
23257.50
23285.50
23313.50
23341.50
23369.50
23397.50
23425.50
23453.50
23481.50
23509.50
23537.50
23565.50

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

XCVR Unit

1'

Ch #

Sub-band U1

21420.00

21241.50
21269.50
21297.50
21325.50
21353.50
21381.50
21409.50
21437.50
21465.50
21493.50
21521.50
21549.50
21577.50
21605.50
21633.50
21661.50
21689.50
21717.50
21745.50
21773.50
21801.50
21829.50
21857.50
21885.50
21913.50
21941.50
21969.50
21997.50
22025.50
22053.50
22081.50
22109.50
22137.50
22165.50
22193.50
22221.50
22249.50
22277.50
22305.50
22333.50

Freq.
[MHz]

Sub-band U2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

Ch #

28 MHZ

Branching
Unit

21364.00

21238.00
21266.00
21294.00
21322.00
21350.00
21378.00
21406.00
21434.00
21462.00
21490.00
21518.00
21546.00
21574.00
21602.00
21630.00
21658.00
21686.00
21714.00
21742.00
21770.00
21798.00
21826.00
21854.00
21882.00
21910.00
21938.00
21966.00
21994.00
22022.00
22050.00
22078.00
22106.00
22134.00
22162.00
22190.00
22218.00
22246.00
22274.00
22302.00
22330.00

28 MHZ

Sub-band A-U

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

56 MHZ

Sub-band B-U

21308.00

Freq.
[MHz]

XCVR Unit

Ch #

Sub-band L1

21252.00

Freq.
[MHz]

Sub-band L2

Ch #

Sub-band A-L

Freq.
[MHz]

Channel spacing

28 MHZ

Sub-band B-L

Ch #

28 MHZ

Branching
Unit

Channel spacing
56 MHZ

ITU-R F.637-3 ANNEX 4


1200 MHz Duplex Spacing, 50 MHz Channel Spacing
a homogeneous pattern is in use and given by: fn = fr - 21 + 50 n
where: n = 1, 2, 3, . . . 48 and fr = 21 196
Lower half

Upper half

Channel spacing

Channel spacing

XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq. [MHz]

1'

22425,00

21275,00

2'

22475,00

21325,00

3'

22525,00

21375,00

4'

22575,00

21425,00

5'

22625,00

21475,00

6'

22675,00

21525,00

7'

22725,00

Sub-band L1

21225,00

Sub-band A-L

8'

22775,00

21625,00

9'

22825,00

10

21675,00

10'

22875,00

11

21725,00

11'

22925,00

12

21775,00

12'

22975,00

13

21825,00

13'

23025,00

14

21875,00

14'

23075,00

15

21925,00

15'

23125,00

16

21975,00

16'

23175,00

17

22025,00

17'

23225,00

18

22075,00

18'

23275,00

19

22125,00

19'

23325,00

20

22175,00

20'

23375,00

21

22225,00

21'

23425,00

22

22275,00

22'

23475,00

23

22325,00

23'

23525,00

24

22375,00

24'

23575,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Sub-band L2

21575,00

Sub-band B-L

8
9

CityLink XT

Branching
Unit

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

Branching
Unit

Sub-band L2

Freq. [MHz]

Sub-band A-U

Ch #

50 MHZ

Sub-band B-U

50 MHZ

93

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 26 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.748-3, ANNEX 1

CEPT 13-02E Annex B

1008 MHz Duplex Spacing


28 MHz Channel spacing
fn = fo - 1966 + 28 n MHz
fn = fo + 42 + 28 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,32
and f o = 25 501 MHz

56 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 980 + 56 n MHz
fn = fo + 28 +56 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,16
and f o = 25 501 MHz

Lower half
Channel spacing

94

24563,00

24591,00

24619,00

24647,00

24675,00

24703,00

24731,00

24759,00

24787,00

10

24815,00

11

24843,00

12

24871,00

13

24899,00

14

24927,00

15

24955,00

16

24983,00

17

25011,00

18

25039,00

19

25067,00

20

25095,00

21

25123,00

22

25151,00

23

25179,00

24

25207,00

25

25235,00

26

25263,00

27

25291,00

28

25319,00

29

25347,00

30

25375,00

31

25403,00

32

25431,00

Freq.
[MHz]

24577,00

24633,00

24689,00

24745,00

24801,00

24857,00

24913,00

24969,00

25025,00

10

25081,00

11

25137,00

12

25193,00

13

25249,00

14

25305,00

15

25361,00

16

25417,00

XCVR
Unit

CityLink XT

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

25571,00

2'

25599,00

3'

25627,00

4'

25655,00

5'

25683,00

6'

25711,00

7'

25739,00

8'

25767,00

9'

25795,00

10'

25823,00

11'

25851,00

12'

25879,00

13'

25907,00

14'

25935,00

15'

25963,00

16'

25991,00

17'

26019,00

18'

26047,00

19'

26075,00

20'

26103,00

21'

26131,00

22'

26159,00

23'

26187,00

24'

26215,00

25'

26243,00

26'

26271,00

27'

26299,00

28'

26327,00

29'

26355,00

30'

26383,00

31'

26411,00

32'

26439,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

25585,00

2'

25641,00

3'

25697,00

4'

25753,00

5'

25809,00

6'

25865,00

7'

25921,00

8'

25977,00

9'

26033,00

10'

26089,00

11'

26145,00

12'

26201,00

13'

26257,00

14'

26313,00

15'

26369,00

16'

26425,00

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

Ch #

56 MHZ

Sub-band U2

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ

Sub-band L1

Ch #

56 MHZ

Sub-band L2

28 MHZ

Upper half
Channel spacing

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 32 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.1520-2

CEPT 01-02 Annex A

812 MHz Duplex Spacing


28 MHz Channel spacing
fn = fo - 798 + 28 n MHz
fn = fo + 14 + 28 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,27
and f o = 32 599 MHz

56 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo - 756 + 56 n MHz
fn = fo + 56 +56 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,12
and f o = 32 599 MHz

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

56 MHZ

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ
XCVR
Unit

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

31829,00

1'

32641,00

31857,00

2'

32669,00

31885,00

3'

32697,00

31913,00

4'

32725,00

31941,00

5'

32753,00

31969,00

6'

32781,00

31997,00

7'

32809,00

32025,00

8'

32837,00

32053,00

9'

32865,00

10

32081,00

10'

32893,00

11

32109,00

11'

32921,00

12

32137,00

12'

32949,00

13

32165,00

13'

32977,00

14

32193,00

14'

33005,00

15

32221,00

15'

33033,00

16

32249,00

16'

33061,00

17

32277,00

17'

33089,00

18

32305,00

18'

33117,00

19

32333,00

19'

33145,00

20

32361,00

20'

33173,00

21

32389,00

21'

33201,00

22

32417,00

22'

33229,00

23

32445,00

23'

33257,00

24

32473,00

24'

33285,00

25

32501,00

25'

33313,00

26

32529,00

26'

33341,00

27

32557,00

27'

33369,00

31899,00

31955,00

32011,00

32067,00

32123,00

32179,00

32235,00

32291,00

32347,00

10

32403,00

11

32459,00

12

32515,00

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Sub-band L2

Sub-band L1

CityLink XT

56 MHZ

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

32711,00

2'

32767,00

3'

32823,00

4'

32879,00

5'

32935,00

6'

32991,00

7'

33047,00

8'

33103,00

9'

33159,00

10'

33215,00

11'

33271,00

12'

33327,00

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

28 MHZ

Upper half
Channel spacing

Sub-band U2

Lower half
Channel spacing

95

CHANNEL ARRANGEMENTS IN THE 38 GHz BAND


ITU-R F.749-9, ANNEX 1

CEPT 12-01 E Annex A

1260 MHz duplex spacing


28 MHz Channel spacing
fn = fo 1 204 + 28 n MHz
fn = fo + 56 + 28 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,40
and f o = 38 248 MHz

56 MHz Channel spacing


fn = fo 1 218 + 56 n MHz
fn = fo + 42 +56 n MHz
where n = 1,2,3,,20
and f o = 38 248 MHz

96

37072,00
37100,00
37128,00
37156,00
37184,00
37212,00
37240,00
37268,00
37296,00
37324,00
37352,00
37380,00
37408,00
37436,00
37464,00
37492,00
37520,00
37548,00
37576,00
37604,00
37632,00
37660,00
37688,00
37716,00
37744,00
37772,00
37800,00
37828,00
37856,00
37884,00
37912,00
37940,00
37968,00
37996,00
38024,00
38052,00
38080,00
38108,00
38136,00
38164,00

Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

37086,00

37142,00

37198,00

37254,00

37310,00

37366,00

37422,00

37478,00

37534,00

10

37590,00

11

37646,00

12

37702,00

13

37758,00

14

37814,00

15

37870,00

16

37926,00

17

37982,00

18

38038,00

19

38094,00

20

38150,00

XCVR
Unit

CityLink XT

Ch #
1'
2'
3'
4'
5'
6'
7'
8'
9'
10'
11'
12'
13'
14'
15'
16'
17'
18'
19'
20'
21'
22'
23'
24'
25'
26'
27'
28'
29'
30'
31'
32'
33'
34'
35'
36'
37'
38'
39'
40'

Freq.
[MHz]
38332,00
38360,00
38388,00
38416,00
38444,00
38472,00
38500,00
38528,00
38556,00
38584,00
38612,00
38640,00
38668,00
38696,00
38724,00
38752,00
38780,00
38808,00
38836,00
38864,00
38892,00
38920,00
38948,00
38976,00
39004,00
39032,00
39060,00
39088,00
39116,00
39144,00
39172,00
39200,00
39228,00
39256,00
39284,00
39312,00
39340,00
39368,00
39396,00
39424,00

56 MHZ
Ch #

Freq.
[MHz]

1'

38346,00

2'

38402,00

3'

38458,00

4'

38514,00

5'

38570,00

6'

38626,00

7'

38682,00

8'

38738,00

9'

38794,00

10'

38850,00

11'

38906,00

12'

38962,00

13'

39018,00

14'

39074,00

15'

39130,00

16'

39186,00

17'

39242,00

18'

39298,00

19'

39354,00

20'

39410,00

XCVR
Unit

Sub-band U1

Freq.
[MHz]

28 MHZ

Sub-band L1

Ch #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

56 MHZ

Sub-band L2

28 MHZ

Upper half
Channel spacing

Sub-band U2

Lower half
Channel spacing

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Appendix B: Alarm List


4 severity levels are defined; critical, major, minor and warning. For each alarm the severity level may be
changed. The default severity levels are shown in the table.
Alarm Name

Description

Severity

BASEBAND
LOS

Loss Of Signal: - Optical or electrical CMI

MAJOR

LOF

Loss of Frame

MAJOR

MS-AIS

Alarm indication signal detected.

MS-AIS-INS

Alarm indication signal is inserted.

MAJOR

MS-RDI

Remote defect indicator detected

WARNING

2M-WAYSIDE-INP

2Mbit wayside input is missing.

2M-WAYSIDE-AIS-INP

2Mbit wayside input AIS detected.

WARNING

TRELLIS-PLL

Indicates that the Trellis coder is out of lock.(CNF35C Asic)

CRITICAL

RT-PLL

The Sorp 38,88 MHz PLL is out of lock.

CRITICAL

2M-SYNC

Selected synchronisation for Line Transmit direction is missing.

MINOR

RS-TRACE-MISMATCH

Mismatch between configured string and received string

MAJOR

LOC

Loss of clock (SORP)

CRITICAL

LT-PLL

The Line Transmit 155MHz PLL is out of lock.

CRITICAL

2M-WAYSIDE-OUTP-AIS

AIS is detected on the Wayside traffic output.

WARNING

HBER

Indicator for BER > 1e-3

LBER

Indicator for BER > 1e-6

MINOR

EW-BER

Indicator for BER > 1e-10

WARNING

RF-ID

Wrong RF-ID received compared to configuration.

WARNING

MINOR

MAJOR

MAJOR

MODULATOR
IF-MOD

Loss of IF 350MHz

CRITICAL

Loss of INCOMING 140MHz.

CRITICAL

TX-OUT

The output power has increased 2dB, or the analoge measurement


of PO_MON is outside predefined limits

CRITICAL

LASER-OFF

The laser is off. It could be manual shutdown

WARNING

BIAS

The laser bias is out of limits. Sign of age and degradation

WARNING

IF-INP

No IF into transceiver

CRITICAL

RF-OUT

The output power is low

MAJOR

LOS-RF-INPUT

No signal into receiver.

MAJOR

RF-INPUT-WARNING

The RF level is either above the upward fading threshold or The RF


level is below the down fading threshold.

LO

Local Oscillator is out of lock.

MAJOR

UNIT-ALM

The transceiver is not responding

MAJOR

DEMODULATOR
IF-DEM
OPTICAL INTERFACE

TRANSCEIVER

WARNING

RF-MUTE

The regulation loop for the ATPC is not working. Software generated
alarm based on alarm condition on local LOF on Rx and remote LOF
on Rx
The RF transmitter is muted.

WARNING

LOOPING-IF-EN

The transceiver looping on IF is enabled

WARNING

LOOPING-RF-EN

The transceiver on RF is enabled.


(If near-end and far end depends on the node where alarm is
reported)

WARNING

ATPC

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

CityLink XT

MINOR

97

Alarm Name

Description

MISSING_LO_SYNCHRONIZATION

XPIC LO synch missing

Severity
CRITICAL

LO-TUNING-WARNING

The LO needs to be tuned

WARNING

HIGH_TEMP_POWER_TRANSISTOR

WARNING

RF_RX_LOW

MAJOR

RF_RX_HIGH

MAJOR

NO_CALIBRATION_DATA

No calibration data

MAJOR

HSB_CABLE_BREAK

The cable between the ODUs is broken. This will cause the switch to
perform the TX-switching.

MAJOR

RF_TX_LOW

MAJOR

RF_TX_HIGH

MAJOR

IF_TX_LOW

MAJOR

IF_TX_HIGH

MAJOR

POWER_15

WARNING

POWER_NEG15

WARNING

POWER_6

WARNING

POWER_48

WARNING

SYNTH_HEADER

MAJOR

SHF_LO

MAJOR

UHF_TX_LO

MAJOR

UHF_RX_LO

MAJOR

DUPLEX_LO

MAJOR

VHF_LO

MAJOR

TX_SWITCH_MAN

WARNING

OTHER ALM
MEN-AT-WORK

Software generated. Operator set men at work before doing repairs.

WARNING

DROP-IN+48V

The battery supply voltage is dropped below acceptable limit

WARNING

BELOW+3.3V

Voltage from the DC-DC converter below limit

WARNING

BELOW+5V

Voltage from the DC-DC converter below limit

WARNING

BELOW-5V

Voltage from the DC-DC converter below limit

WARNING

OVER-CURRENT

Detects short current on ODU cable.

WAYSIDE-LOOP FE

Wayside looping Far End

WARNING

WAYSIDE-LOOP NE

Wayside looping Near End

WARNING

PRBS-INSERTED

PRBS inserted in wayside

WARNING

LOOPING_EN

Looping enabled

WARNING

EVENT-LOG-EXC-LIMIT

Event log has exceeded the capacity threshold

WARNING

DOWNLOAD-IN-PROGRESS

Download of software is under progress.

WARNING

NEED_FREQUENCY

A RF unit need to be configured with Tx and Rx frequency.

SECURITY-LOG-EXC-LIMIT

Security log has exceeded the capacity threshold

WARNING

64K-LOOPING-1

64 kb channel looping Channel1

WARNING

64K-LOOPING-2

64 kb channel looping Channel2

WARNING

RTC-LOW BATTERY

The battery that powers the Real Time clock is low

BELOW+48V

Voltage from the DC-DC converter below limit

WARNING/
MINOR on
WARNING

BELOW+11V

Voltage from the DC-DC converter below limit

WARNING

BELOW+15V

Voltage from the DC-DC converter below limit

WARNING

BELOW-15V

Voltage from the DC-DC converter below limit

WARNING

MISSING-CALIBRATION-DATA

Modem or transceiver are missing their calibration data in flash

FAN-ALARM

98

MAJOR

MAJOR

MAJOR
WARNING

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

Alarm Name

Description

DEFAULT_SYSTEM_PARAMETERS

No system configuration stored in NV config, using default


(stm1,128TCM,28kHz)

Severity

DEFAULT_ANALOGE_PARAMETER
S

No analoge configuration stored in flash, using predefined defaults.

FAN2-ALARM

CRITICAL
MAJOR
WARNING

HSB-RELAY

IDUswitch/Transceiver relay mismatch

CRITICAL

IDUA-ACTIVE

Idu A is active in receiving direction

INFO

IDUB-ACTIVE

Idu B is active in receiving direction

INFO

HSB-MANUAL

The iduswitch is operated manually

WARNING

CHANNEL-ACTIVE

This ODU is active

NEED-SW

Board needs SW

BOOT-MONITOR-IN-USE

The transceiver is in boot monitor mode

BOOT-HW-ERROR-DETECTED

Errors detected by boot code when startup. Reported to app. code

IDU_A_NEEDS_SW

Reported from the IDU A

WARNING

IDU_B_NEEDS_SW

Reported from IDU B

WARNING

HDLC_LOC_A

The IDU switch has no RX-clock on port A

MAJOR

HDLC_LOC_B

The IDU switch has no RX-clock on port B

MAJOR

HDLC_LOC

The IDU(either A or B) has no RX-clock

MAJOR

DROP-IN-48V-A

The IDU switch power source 1 has a drop

MAJOR

DROP-IN-48V-B

The IDU switch power source 2 has a drop

MAJOR

INFO
MAJOR
WARNING
MINOR

AUXILIARY ALARMS
EXTERN-ALARM-1
EXTERN-ALARM-2
EXTERN-ALARM-3

Multipurpose ports. Configured as Alarm Output, Alarm Input or


Remote Control.
External alarm reported if port configured as alarm input.
Alarm name configurable from management system.

EXTERN-ALARM-4
OUTPUT-ALARM-1
OUTPUT-ALARM-2

WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING

Output alarm reported if auxilary output port configured as alarm


output
ref Output alarm 1

WARNING
INFO

OUTPUT-ALARM-3

ref Output alarm 1

INFO

OUTPUT-ALARM-4

ref Output alarm 1

INFO

SEVERITY ALARMS
CRITICAL-ALARM
MAJOR-ALARM
MINOR-ALARM
WARNING-ALARM
PERFORMANCE ALARMS
G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1

G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B2
G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-REI
G826-THRESHOLD-24Hour-B1

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

For alarm output function


If any alarms with severity set to critical, this alarm is raised. This can
be combined in the alarm output expression.
If any alarms with severity set to major, this alarm is raised. This can
be combined in the alarm output expression.
If any alarms with severity set to minor, this alarm is raised. This can
be combined in the alarm output expression.
If any alarms with severity set to warning, this alarm is raised. This
can be combined in the alarm output expression.
All software generated
If the current 15 minute period exceeds the set threshold for B1, this
alarm is set(period 1). After a whole period has expired without
exceeding the alarm threshold(period 2), the alarm will be cleared
when the next period starts(period 3).
If the current 15 minute period exceeds the set threshold for B2, this
alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing. Only for MS termination.
If the current 15 minute period exceeds the set threshold for REI, this
alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing. Only for MS termination.
If the current 24 hour period exceeds the set threshold for B1, this
alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing.

CityLink XT

WARNING

WARNING
WARNING
WARNING

99

Alarm Name
G826-THRESHOLD-24HOUR-B2
G826-THRESHOLD-24HOUR-REI
G826-THRESHOLD-MONTH-B1
G826-THRESHOLD-MONTH_B2
G826-THRESHOLD-MONTH-REI
TRESHOLD-15MIN-OOF
TRESHOLD-24HOUR-OOF
TRESHOLD-MONTH-OOF

Description

Severity

If the current 24 hour period exceeds the set threshold for B2, this
alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing. Only for MS termination.
If the current 24 hour period exceeds the set threshold for REI, this
alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing. Only for MS termination.
If the current month period exceeds the set threshold for month, this
alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing.
If the current month period exceeds the set threshold for month, this
alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing. Only for MS termination.
If the current month period exceeds the set threshold for REI, this
alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing. Only for MS termination.
If the current 15 minute period exceeds the set threshold for OOF,
this alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing.
If the current 24 hour period exceeds the set threshold for OOF, this
alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing.
If the current month period exceeds the set threshold for month, this
alarm is set. Ref. G826-THRESHOLD-15MIN-B1 for method of
clearing.

WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING
WARNING

HIGHER ORDER POH ALARMS


HP-RDI

Higher order Path Remote Defect Indicator

WARNING

HP-TIM

Higher order Path Trace Identifier Mismatch

MAJOR

100

CityLink XT

CITYLINK\00026 Rev. H 2004-12-01

NERA NETWORKS
Nera Networks AS, Kokstadvegen 23,
PO Box 7090, N-5020 Bergen, Norway
Tel.: +47 55 22 51 00, Fax: +47 55 22 52 99
E-mail: webmaster@nera.no

www.nera.no