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PENTA SIRAN UPSR !

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SPS CONSTRUCT 1) Making inferences
The ability to make a logical statement to explain the cause and effect of an observation

CRITERIA K1 Giving a logical reason to explain an observation K% Giving another logical reason to explain an observation.

STATEMENT OF QUESTION Explain the direction of the shadow at 1.30 pm here is no shadow at 1.30 pm. Give reasons. !h" did the weight of the tiss#e paper decreasing$ Give another reason &tate two possible reasons for what "o# have observed. Give two reasons to explain the different length of the r#bber band ' and (. !rite one observation to s#pport "o#r inference !hat other observation can "o# give to s#pport "o#r answer in )a) *redict the n#mber of paper clips attracted towards ,. !hat will the n#mber of paper clips attracted towards ,$ *redict the length of the shadow at ..00 pm !hat will be the length of the shadow at ..00 pm$ !hat is the aim of the investigation$ !hat did the p#pils want to find o#t0investigate$ !hat is the trend of change in the shadow length from morning till evening$ &tate the pattern of change in the shadow 2ow does the shadow length changed from morning &tate the relationship between the *osition of the &#n and the direction of the shadow. !hat happen to the position of the shadow when the &#n moves from East to !est$

K3

Giving another observation to s#pport a given inference

%. *redicting
Making a forecast about what will happen in the future based on the prior knowledge gained through experience or collected data.

K+

o state what will happen #sing data or previo#s information

K-

o state what will happen b" extrapolating data

3. /nterpreting data
To get the information from an implicit idea such as pattern(trend), relationship or conclusion from a given data in the form of bar chart, diagram, table

K.

o make a statement derived from the data or previo#s information gathered .

K1

o state the pattern0 trend of the information gathered

K3

o state the relationship of the variables

K4

o make a concl#sion based on information gathered

!hat concl#sion can be made from the information in table 1$ !hat can "o# concl#de from the findings$ &tate one information gathered in this investigation. !hat was changed in this investigation$ !hat was meas#red 0 observed in this investigation$ &tate what is kept the same$ &tate one h"pothesis that can be made from this investigation !hat will happen to the n#mber of mangoes per tree if the distance between the mangoes trees are increased )!rite one h"pothesis based on the information)$$

Controlling variables To identify variables (things to change, keep the same and observe) Making hypotheses To state the relationship between the thing to change and the thing to observe

K10 K11 K1% K13 K1+

o state the variables0 information in an investigation o state the thing that was changed o state the thing that was meas#red o state the things that was kept the same o s#ggest an explanation for the relationship between variables

K1-

o state an explanation based on previo#s knowledge or scientific principles

and the validity

!hat will happen to the r#bber band if it is heated longer$

E%AMP&ES OF UPSR QUESTIONS. 1. An investigation is being 'arrie( o)t by a gro)p o* p)pils+ as sho,n in the (iagra- . ( Sekumpulan murid telah men alankan satu penyiasatan seperti yang ditun ukkan dalam !a ah di bawah)

)a) .hat (i( the p)pils ,ant to *in( o)t in this investigation $ ( "yatakan tu uan penyiasatan tersebut ) 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 555. 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 55.. )b) Na-e the things that the p)pils 6 ( "yatakan apakah yang murid#murid itu)$ i) 'hange( 755555555555555555555555555. (ubah) ii) observe( 75555555555555555555555555.. ( ukur) iii) kept the sa-e 75555555555555555555555.. ( kekalkan) )c) i) .hat ,ill happen to the n)-ber o* *r)it *lies in 'ontainer / a*ter 0 (ays $ ( !amalkan bilangan bari#bari dalam bekas % selepas & hari) 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 555.

555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 55.. ii) 1ive yo)r reason ) 8erikan alasan anda) 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 555. 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 55.. %2 May &in set an investigation as sho,n in the (iagra-2 She release( the toy 'ar an( -eas)re( the (istan'e travele( a*ter the 'ar stoppe(2 She repeate( 3 -ore ti-es+ b)t ea'h ti-e she a((e( one ,oo(en blo'k to the pile2 ( May 'in men alankan satu penyiasatan seperti yang ditun ukkan dalam !a ah di bawah . (ereta mainan dilepaskan. )arak yang dilalui selepas kereta mainan itu berhenti diukur.May 'in mengulangi penyiasatannya * kali lagi dan setiap kali dia menambahkan satu bungkah kayu untuk menambahkan ketinggiannya)

May &in re'or(e( the observation in the table belo,2 ( May 'in merekodkan pemerhatiannya ke dalam adual di bawah) N)-ber o* ,oo(en blo'k )%ilangan bungkah kayu) 4istan'e travelle( )cm) ()arak dilalui ) % 3 + . 1

10

1-

%%

31

+%

--

a5 6o, (oes the (istan'e travelle( 'hange( ,ith the n)-ber o* ,oo(en blo'k$ (+pakah perubahan yang berlaku ke atas arak yang dilalui dengan bilangan bungkah kayu ) 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 55555 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 5555..

b) Na-e the things that the p)pils 6 ( "yatakan apakah yang murid#murid itu)$ i. kept the sa-e$ 5555555555555555555555555555555 (dikekalkan) ii. 'hange( $ 555555555555555555555555555555555.. ( diubahkan) iii. -eas)re( $........................................................................................... ) diukur)

The (istan'e travelle( by the toy 'ar is also in*l)en'e( by the s-oothness o* the *loor2 ( )arak yang dilalui oleh kereta mainan uga dipengaruhi oleh licinnya sesuatu permukaan)

'5 /ase( on the above state-ent+ ho, (oes the (istan'e travelle( by the toy 'ar+ ,hen the s-oothness o* the *loor is 'hange( $ ) %erdasarkan pernyataan di atas, nyatakan bagaimanakah arak yan dilalui oleh kereta mainan berubah mengikut permukaan lantai) 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 5555.. 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 5555. (5 May &in pla'es a pie'e o* 'arpet on the 'e-ent *loor2 She releases the sa-e toy 'ar )sing 7 ,oo(en blo'ks2 ( May 'in meletakkan sekeping karpet di atas lantai simen. ,ia melepaskan kereta mainan yang sama menggunakan - bungkah kayu ) i. .hat ,ill the (istan'e travelle( be$ ) !amalkan arak yang dilalui kereta mainan) ........................................................................................................................... ii. 1ive an e8planation *or yo)r ans,er 9(59i52 )%erikan satu pen elasan untuk menyokong awapan anda di (d)(i)

555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 555 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 555

3. T,o boys 'arrie( o)t an investigation2 They -eas)re( the length o* the 'lass bla'kboar( ,ith their *inger span2 Then+ they re-eas)re( the length )sing a -eter r)ler2 They re'or(e( their *in(ings in the table as sho,n belo,2 ()adual menun ukkan hasil penyiasatan yang telah di alankan oleh dua orang murid. Mereka telah mengukur pan ang papan hitam menggunakan engkal masing#masing. (emudian pan ang papan hitam itu telah diukur pula menggunakan pembaris meter) P)pils (Murid) 9li 9b# &ength o* the bla'kboar( ).an ang .apan /itam ) Span ( jengkal) Meter )Meter) 13 3 %1 3

a5 .hat is the (i**eren'e in the length o* the bla'kboar( ,hen they -eas)re( )sing the *inger spans$ ( %erapakah perbe0aan pan ang papan hitam apabila +li dan +bu mengukurnya menggunakan engkal masing#masing ) 55555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 5555555. 55555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 5555555 b) 1ive one reason *or the (i**eren'e in length ,hen they )se( their *inger span2 ( %eri satu sebab untuk menerangkan perbe0aan pan ang ukuran papan hitam dalam engkal +li dan +bu) 55555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 555.. 55555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 555. c) State another observation to s)pport yo)r ans,er in 9b5 ( "yatakan satu pemerhatian lain untuk menyokong awapan kamu di (b)

. 55555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 555.. 55555555555555555555555555555555555555555555 555. d) State ,hat ,as : )+pakah yang di)$ i5 kept the sa-e $222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222222 ) ditetapkan1kekalkan1samakan) ii5 'hange( $ ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ) ubah ) iii5 .hat 'an yo) 'on'l)(e *ro- the above *in(ings $ )+pakah yang bolehkamu rumuskan daripada hasil penyiasatan ini ) 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555. 555555555555555555555555555555555555555555555

<ol)-e o* ,ater 9'-=5 :isipad# air ; )cm<) 100 %00 300 +00

Ti-e to (issolve 9s5 :Masa larut2 (saat) 10 -0 30 10

+. 3 /eakers 'ontaining (i**erent >)antity o* ,ater ,ere pla'e( on a table2 ?"" g- o* salt is then po)re( into ea'h beaker+ an( stirre( )ntil all the salt (issolve(2 The ti-e taken *or the salt to (issolve( are re'or(e( in a table as sho,n above2 :344 gm garam setiap satu dimasukkan ke dalam * buah bikar yang mengandungi kuantiti air yang berbe0a. 5aram dikacau dan masa semua garam itu melarut dicatatkan dalam adual di atas2 a. State t,o in*or-ations gathere( in this investigation $ 6 "yatakan maklumat#maklumat dalam penyiasatan tersebut 2 5555555555555555555555555555555555555555555.. 5555555555555555555555555555555555555555555.. b5 .hat is the p)rpose o* the investigation $ 6 +pakah tu uan penyiasatan itu di alankan 2 5555555555555555555555555555555555555555555.. 5555555555555555555555555555555555555555555..

'5 State the pattern o* ti-e *or salt to (issolve$ :"yatakan corak perubahan masa garam melarut) ................................................................................................................ (5 .hat is the relationship bet,een the >)antity o* ,ater an( the ti-e taken *or the salt to (issolve $ : "yatakan hubungan antara kuantiti air dengan masa garam melarut2 5555555555555555555555555555555555555555555.. 5555555555555555555555555555555555555555555..

The ti-e taken *or the salt to (issolve is also in*l)en'e( by the te-perat)re o* the ,ater2 6 Masa untuk garam melarut dipengaruhi uga oleh suhu air 2

e5 /ase( on the above state-ent+ ho, (oes the ti-e taken *or the salt to (issolve + ,hen the te-perat)re o* the ,ater is 'hange( $ :%erdasarkan maklumat di atas bagaimanakah masa berubah mengikut suhu air 2 5555555555555555555555555555555555555555555.. 5555555555555555555555555555555555555555555..

@2 T,o (i**erent types o* ball are release( to slope (o,n the in'line( plane2 The (istan'e travelle( by the balls are -eas)re(2 It ,as *o)n( that ball P has a greater (istan'e2 ( ,ua bi i bola yang berlainan enis dilepaskan menuruni satu cerun. )arak gerakan kedua#dua bola itu diukur dan didapati bola . bergerak pada arak yang lebih auh2 a) In the above investigation+ ,hat are things that ,as :%erdasarkan maklumat di atas apakah 2

i) 'hange( : di#bah;$ ......................................................................................... ii) -eas)re( : di#k#r;$ ....................................................................................... iii) kept the sa-e : dikekalkan;$........................................................................... b) 1ive t,o reasons *or the (i**eren'e in (istan'e travelle( by the t,o balls2 :%erikan dua sebab untuk menerangkan perbe0aan arak gerakan bola . dan 72 i) 555555555555555555555555555555555555 555555.. 555555555555555555555555555555555555 555555. ii) 555555555555555555555555555555555555 555555.. 555555555555555555555555555555555555 555555.

&=GGE& E> & 9 EME? @A ,=E& /@?& 9?> 9?&!EB& 29 C9? 8E C@?&/>EBE> ,1 !hat is the p#rpose of the investigation $ :+pakah tujuan ka ian ini di alankan8 ,% !hat do the" want to find0investigate$ Ans,ers: a) o investigate whether the base area will infl#ence the stabilit" of obDects. b) o investigate whether the stabilit" of oobDects is infl#enced b" the base area. c) o investigate if base area has an effect on the stabilit" of an obDect. d) o investigate if the siEe of the base area affects the stabilit" of obDects. e) o investigate what will happen to the stabilit" of obDects if the siEe of the base area is changed. f) To investigate the relationship bet,een the siAe o* the base area an( the stability o* obBe'ts. Unt)k -engkaBi h)b)ngan antara kel)asan tapak (engan kestabilan obBek . g) o observe the stabilit" of obDects if / change the siEe of the base area. h) o find o#t if obDects become more stable if / increase the siEe of the base area. ,3 2ow does the shadow length changed from morning till evening$

,+ &tate the pattern of change of the length of the shadow from morning till evening. Ans,ers : in'reasingC (e'reasing C (oes not 'hange 9re-ain the sa-e5 ,,. &tate the relationship between the position of the &#n and the direction of the shadow. !hat will happen to the position of the shadow when the &#n moves from East to west$ 9nswers 7