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HON. GREGORIO. N. GARCIA, Judge of the City Court of Manila vs. HON.

FELIX DOMINGO, Judge of the Court of First Instance of Manila FERNANDO, J.: Facts: In Branch I the City Court of Manila presided over by petitioner Judge, there were commenced, by appropriate informations eight (8) criminal actions against respondent Edgardo Calo, and Simeon Carbonnel and Petitioner Francisco Lorenzana. The accused wanted for the speedy trial so they requested to held the trial even on Saturday on the chamber of Judge Gamboa. The petitioner granted the request.(as police officers under suspension because of the cases, desired the same to be terminated as soon as possible and as there were many cases scheduled for trial on the usual criminal trial days (Monday, Wednesday and Friday). On appeal the prosecution said that there was no trial, therefore the petioner judge order should be reversed. Issue: Whether or not the judge denied the accused of public trial. Held: Yes. Public trial possesses that character when anyone interested in observing the manner a judge conducts the proceedings in his courtroom may do so. There is to be no ban on such attendance. His being a stranger to the litigants is of no moment. No relationship to the parties need be shown. There is the well-recognized exception though that warrants the exclusion of the public where the evidence may be characterized as "offensive to decency or public morals." 21 WHEREFORE, the writ of certiorari prayed for is granted .