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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS

2013

ABSTRACT
Changing economic and social factors have made the concept of safety and welfare measures are very relevant for research and analysis. For better understanding the safety and welfare measures of employees, the research was carried out in Ashok Leyland Limited, Ennore. To accomplish the primary objective of the study, a survey was conducted by preparing a structured questionnaire which contains closed end question, and open end question. The research design used for this study is descriptive in nature. The descriptive study helps the researcher to find out various characteristics of the population. Random sampling technique was adopted for selecting sample units from the employees. A sampling size of 100 respondents selected for analyzing their opinion regarding safety and welfare measures in MRK Sugars Mills Sethiyathoppu. The methods of data collection for the study include both primary and secondary data. The primary data were collected through questionnaire by conducting personal interview with the employees. The source of secondary data was company profiles and websites. The statistical tool used for analyzing and interpreting the opinions of the employees and the tool includes simple percentage analysis and chi-square test. The results were presented with the help of different charts and diagrams. Findings of the study were drawn from the analyzing of datas, suggestions and conclusions have been made based on the findings.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS

2013

INTRODUCTION
Employee Safety An occurrence in an industrial establishment causing bodily injury to a person which makes him unfit to resume his duties in the next 48 hours

Factories Act 1948

Safety Services
Prevention of accidents is an objective which requires no explanation. The costs of accidents are enormous in suffering to the injured, in reduction or loss of earnings, in disabilities and incapacities which afflict those involved and in compensation, insurance and legal costs, in lost time, filling in reports and attending to enquiries, and in spoilage of materials, equipment and tools to management. Accidents are the consequence of two basic factors: technical and human. Technical factors include all engineering deficiencies, related to plant, tools material and general work environment. Thus, for example, improper lighting, inadequate ventilation, poor machine guarding and careless housekeeping are some hazards which may cause accidents. Human factors include all unsafe acts on the part of employees. An unsafe act is usually the result of carelessness. Young and new employees, because of their difficulty in adjusting to the work situation and to life in general, also have many more accidents than do old and nature workers.

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The Phenomenon of Accident Proneness Some persons believe wrongly in the theory that certain individuals are accident prone, that is , they have some personality trait as opposed to some characteristic of the environment which predisposes them to have more accidents than others in work condition where the risk of hazards is equal to all.

COMPONENTS OF A SAFETY SERVICE


Among the many components of a safety service the following have proved effective when applied in combination: Appointment of safety officer In big organizations, the appointment of a safety officer to head. The safety department is a must. In small organizations, the personnel manager may look after the functions of this department. The head of the safety department, who is usually a staff man, is granted power to inspect the plant for unsafe condition, to promote sound safety practices (through posters an d safety campaigns), to make safety rules, and to report violations to the plant manager. Support by line management The head of the safety department, whether enjoying a staff or afunctional position, by him, cannot make a plan safe. His appointment lulls line management into assuming that all its safety problems have been solved. Elimination of hazards Although complete elimation of all hazards is virtually impossibility but following steps can be taken to help reduce them:

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Job safety analysis All job procedures and practices should be analyzed byan expert to discover hazards. he should then suggest changes in their motion patterns, sequence and the like Placement A poorly placed employee is more apt to incur injurythan a properly placed employee. Employees should be placed on jobs only after carefully estimating and considering the job requirements with those which the individual apparently possesses. Personal protective equipment Endless variety of personal safety equipment is availablenowadays which can be used to prevent injury. Materials handling Though often ignored, the careless handling of heavy andinflammable materials is an important source of several injuries and fire. Hand tools Minor injuries often result from improperly using a goodtool or using a poorly designed tool. Therefore, close supervision and instruction should be given to the employees on the proper tool to use an the proper use of the tool.

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Safety training, education and publicity Safety training is concerned with developing safety skills,whereas safety education is concerned with increasing contest programmes, safety campaigns, suggestion awards, and various audiovisual aids can be considered as different forms of employee education.

Safety inspection An inspection by a trained individual or a committee to detect evidence of possible safety hazards (such as poor lighting, slippery floors, unguarded machines, faulty electrical installations, poor work methods and disregard of safety rules) is a very effective device to promote safety. Factories Act, 1948 The principal Act to provide for various labor welfare measures in India is the Factories Act, 1948. The Act applies to all establishments employing 10 or more workers where power is used and 20 or more workers where power is not used, and where a manufacturing process is being carried on. Employee Welfare Officer Section 49 of the factories act provides that in every factory wherein 500 or more workers are ordinarily employed the employer shall appoint at least one welfare officer. The welfare officer should possess; (i) a university degree; (ii) degree or diploma in social service or social work or social welfare from a recognized institution; and (iii) adequate knowledge of the language spoken by the majority of the workers in the area where the factory is situated.

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Supervision Counseling workers Advising management Establishing liaison with workers Working with management and workers to improve productivity. Working with outside public to secure proper enforcement of various acts.

Health of Employees
1. Cleanliness Every factory shall be kept clean by daily sweeping or washing the floors and work rooms and by using disinfectant where necessary. 2. Disposal of wastes and effluents Effective arrangements shall be made for the disposal of wastes and for making them innocuous. 3. Ventilation and temperature Effective arrangements shall be made for ventilation and temperature so as to provide comfort to the workers and prevent injury to their health. 4. Dust and fume Effective measures shall be taken to prevent the inhalation and accumulation of dust and fumes or other impurities at the work place.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS 5. Artificial humidification

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The State Government shall make rules prescribing standard of humidification and methods to be adopted for this purpose. 6. Overcrowding There shall be in every work room of a factory in existence on the date of commencement of this act at least 9.9cubic meters and of a factory built after the commencement of this act at least 4.2 cubic meters of space for every employee.

7. Lighting The State Government may prescribe standards of sufficient and suitable lighting. 8. Drinking Water There shall be effective arrangement for wholesome drinking water for workers at convenient points. 9. Latrines and urinals There shall be sufficient number of latrines and urinals, clean, well-ventilated, conveniently situated and built according to prescribed standards separately for male and female workers.

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Safety of Employees
Fencing of machinery All dangerous and moving parts of machinery shall be securely fenced. Screws, bolts and teeth shall be completely encased to prevent danger. Work on or near machinery in motion Lubrication or other adjusting operation on moving machinery shall be done only by a specially trained adult male worker. Employment of young persons on dangerous machines No young person shall be allowed to work on any dangerous machine (so prescribed by the state government) unless he is sufficiently trained or is working under the supervision ofknowledgeable person. Device for cutting off power Suitable device for cutting of power in emergencies shall be provided. Hoists and lifts These shall be made of good material and strength, thoroughly examined at least once in every six months and suitably protected to prevent any person or thing from being trapped.

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Welfare of Employees
There shall be separate and adequately screened washing facilities for the use of male and female employees. There shall be suitable places provided for clothing not worn during working hours and for the dying of wet clothing. There shall be suitable arrangement for all workers to sit for taking rest if they are obliged to work in a standing position. There shall be provided the required number of first-aid boxes or cupboard (at the rate of one for every 150 workers) equipped with the prescribed contents readily available during the working hours of the factory. The State Government may make rules requiring that in any specified factory employing more than 250 employees a canteen shall be provided and maintained by the occupier for the use of the employee. There shall be provided sufficiently lighted and ventilated lunch room if the number of employees ordinarily employed is more than 150.

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Restrictions in the Factories Act on the employment of young persons


1. Prohibition as to employment of children (Section 67)

No child who has not completed his fourteenth year shall be required or allowed to work in any factory. 2. Employment of Children and Adolescent (Section 68)

A child who has completed his fourteenth year or an adolescent shall not be required or allowed to work in any factory unless following conditions are fulfilled: 1. The manager of the factory has obtained a certificate of fitness granted to such young 2. While at work, such child or adolescent carries a token giving reference to such certificate. 3. Certificate of fitness (Section 69)

Before a young person is employed in the factory, a certifying surgeon has to certify that such person is fit for that work in the factory.

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Welfare Funds
In order to provide welfare facilities to the workers employed in mica, iron, ore, manganese ore and chrome ore, limestone and dolomite mines and in the beedi industry, the welfare funds have been established to supplement the efforts of the employers and the State Government under respective enactments. The welfare measures financed out of the funds relate to development of medical facilities, housing, supply of drinking water, support for education of dependents and recreation, etc. Voluntary Benefits Benefits are also given voluntarily to workers by some progressive employers. These include loans for purchasing houses and for educating children, leave travel concession, fair price shops for essential commodities and loans to buy personal conveyance.

Machinery Connected with Employee Welfare Work


1. Chief inspector of Factories It is the duty of the Chief inspector of factories (who generally works under the administrative control of the labour commissioner in each state) to ensure enforcement of various provisions of Factories Act i8n respect of safety, heath and welfare of workers.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS 2. Central Labour Institute

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The institute was set up in Bombay in 1966 to facilitate the proper implementation of the Factories Act, 1948; to provide a centre of information for inspectors, employers, workers and others concerned with the well being of industrial labour and to stimulate interest in the application of the principles of industrial safety, health and welfare 3. National Safety Council The National Safety Council was wet up on 4th March, 1966 in Bombay at the initiative of the Union Ministry of Labour and Rehabilitation, Government of India, as an autonomous national body with the objective of generating developing and sustaining an movement of safety awareness at the national level. 4. Director General of Mines Safety The Director General of Mines Safety enforces the Mines Act, 1952. He inspects electrical installation and machinery provided in the mines and determines the thickness of barriers of 2 adjacent mines in order to prevent spread of fire and danger of inundation.

Appraisal of Welfare Services 1. One of the main obstacles in the effective enforcement of the welfare provisions of the Factories Act has been the quantitative and qualitative inadequacy of the inspection staff. 2. at present, a labour welfare officer is not able to enforce laws independently because he has to work under the pressure of management. 3. Women workers do not make use of the crche facilities either because they are dissuaded by the management to bring their children with them or because they have to face transport difficulties.
Employee welfare
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There is no need to explain what an accident is but an attempt can be made to define it is an unexpected unplanned occurrence which may involve injury or interrupts the completion and uncontrollable event the action or reaction of an object, saturations, person or radiation results in personal injury of the probability there of.

There is possibility of accident in every sphere of human life, at home, whilst travelling, century, and accidents have been a favorite subject of study and comments in scientific and technical journals: as well as on seminars and the popular press.

The causes of accidents are related to technical and human factors, it has attached the attention of the psychologists, sociologists and engineers.

Psychologists are concerned with the theoretical considerations of accident causes and the research into accident control through selection and training and he social an psychological factors that influences the individuals, behavior in general.

Engineers and safety officers usually render unnecessary practical advice on certain aspects of safety in industry. They look upon accident prevention basically as an engineering problem to be solved through proper design of mechanical safety devices.

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Actually accidents prevention and safety require a multi-dimensional approach. This has assumed importance because of large scale industrialization in which human being are best with mechanical, Electrical, Chemical and radiation hazards. Important of Employees safety Measures:

The importance of industrial safety was realized because every year millions of industrials elements occur which result either death or in temporary and permanent disablement of the employees and involve a good amount of cost such as resulting from wasted man hours and hours.

Safety being on the drawing board when the original design of tools or work place of accidents hazard may be build in or eliminated.

Safety Results:

From safe plant, process and operations

By educating and training workers and supervisors regarding safe practices on the shop floor.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Employer Employees Safety:

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Increasing rate of production

Reducing production cost

Reducing damage to equipment and machinery

Preventing premature death of talented workers who are assets to the society.

Preventing needless pain and suffering to its employees.

Safety Measures:

Drinking Water:

The act lays down that effective arrangements shall be made to provide and maintain at point conveniently situated, at least 2 liters cool and whole some drinking water per person such points shall be situated with in 20 feet of any washing place, urinal or latrine, distance in approved in writing by the chief inspector. Such points should be marked Drinking Water in the regional language.

The supply of water per person per day has been fixed at half a gallon. Such drinking water shall be readily available at conveniently accessible points during the whole of the working shift. Where 100 or more persons are employed either above ground or in open cast working at any one time.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Conservancy Services:

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The conservancy service shall be provided, separately for males and females, in every time, a sufficient number of latrines and urinals situated at a convenient place and accessible to persons employed in the mind at all times.

The scale of latrine accommodation shall be at least one seat for every 50 workers on the surface and on seat for every 100 workers working below ground where persons of both sexes where employed, there shall be displayed outside each latrine a sign board in the regional language for males or for females, each sign board also showing the figure of a men or a women, as the use may be.

First Aid:

First Aid boxes or cup boards, in such numbers as may be prescribed, shall be made available at suitable places on the surface, and first aid stations should be set up fellow ground every first-aid box shall be kept in charge of a responsible person. There should be at least one lined person for every 100 workers working above around and one for 50 workers working follow ground. He should be readily available during the working hours of the mine.

Every supervisor or and officer going below shall carry first-aid equipment on his place, where the number of persons employed is more than 150, provision should be made for a firstaid room which should be situated at a convenient place on the surface of the time.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Bath Room:

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Under the coal mines bath rules: 1946, a pithead bath, conforming to the specifications approved by competent authority, separate bathrooms should be provided for males and females, and the attendants should be an duty during all working hours. Adequate water supply, lighting and drainage arrangements should be provided in the bathrooms.

Disposal of Wasters and Effluents:

It obligatory on the owner at every factory to make effective arrangements for the treatment of waster and effluents due to the manufacturing process carried on there in so as to render them innocuous and for their disposal.

Dust and Fume:

Which should be adopted to keep the work rooms free from dust and fume? Every factory in which by reason of the manufacturing process carried on, There is given off any dust or fume of other impurity of such as nature and to such an extent is likely to be injurious or offensive to the workers employed there in or any dust in substantial quantities, effective measurers shall be taken to prevent its inhalation on and accumulation in any work room.

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If any exhaust appliance is necessary for the above purpose, it shall be applied as near as possible to the point of origin of the dust, fume or other impurity and such point shall be enclosed as possible.

Artificial Humidification:

Prescribing standard of humidification

Regulating the methods used for artificially increasing the humidity of the air.

Directing prescribed texts for determining the humidity of the air to be correctly carried out ad recorded.

Precaution measures in case of Fire:

In every factory all practical measures shall be taken to prevent out break of the fire and its spread, both internally and externally and to provide and maintain.

I. Safe means of escape for all persons on the events of fire and

II. The necessary equipment and facilities for extinguishing fire,

Further effective measures should be taken to ensure that in every factory all the workers are familiar with means of escape on case of fire and have been trained in the routine to be followed in such cases.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Explosive or Inflammable Materials:

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These measures

I. Effective enclosures of the plant or machinery used in the process,

II. Removal or prevention of the of the accumulation of such dust, gas or vapor.

III. Exclusion or effective enclosure of all parable sources of ignition.

Safety of Building and Machinery:

If it appears to the inspector that any building or part of building of any part of the ways. Machinery or plant o0n a factory is in such a condition that it is dangerous to human life or safety, the may serve on the occupier or manager or the both the factory an order on writing specifying the measures which is his opinion should be adopted, and requiring them to be carried out before a specified date.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Safety Officers:

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In order to prevent accidents, the all provides for the appointment of safety officers in factories employing 1000 or operations carried on which process or operation involves any risk of injury, poisoning or disease, of any other hazard to health, to the persons employed in the factory. Employee welfare defines as efforts to make life worth living for workmen. These efforts have their origin either in some statute formed by the state or in some local custom or in collective agreement or in the employers own initiative.

To win over employees loyalty and increase their morale. To combine trade unionism and socialist ideas. To build up stable labor force, to reduce labour turnover and absenteeism. To develop efficiency and productivity among workers. To save oneself from heavy taxes on surplus profits. To earn goodwill and enhance public image. To reduce the threat of further government intervention. To make recruitment more effective (because these benefits add to job appeal).

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Principles of Employee Welfare Service:

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Following are generally given as the principles to be followed in setting up an employee welfare service:

The service should satisfy real needs of the workers. This means that the manager must first determine what the employees real needs are with the active participation of workers.

The service should such as can be handled by cafeteria approach. Due to the difference in Sex, age, marital status, number of children, type of job and the income level of employees there are large differences in their choice of a particular benefit. This is known as the cafeteria approach. Such an approach individualizes the benefit system though it may be difficult to operate and administer.

The employer should not assume a benevolent posture. The cost of the service should be calculated and its financing established on a sound basis.

There should be periodical assessment or evaluation of the service and necessary timely on the basis of feedback.

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COMPANY PROFILE
INTRODUCTION

The Sugar Mill was registered under Tamil Nadu Cooperative Society Act 1961 by commissioner of sugar, Chennai with Registration o. D.S7/1987. This mill was started its function from 25.11.1987. Raw sugarcane obtained from the nearby areas 2.5Kms. Total area factor is 95.26 acres. The production capacity of the mills is 2500 tons of per day. It is situated at Sethiathope, CuddaloreDist, TamilNadu. Normally the Crushing period starts from October to November.Their crushing time of minimum of 160 days and maximum of 180 days per every season. Every season they are crushing minimum of 4,00,000tones of cane. Maximum recovery they reach at 8.33% per every season. Productivity norms are fixed by the sugar board headed by the commissioner of sugar. Under the control of Tamil Nadu Sugar Corporation of 16 co-operative sectors and 3 public sectors. There are several, varieties of Cane are used to produce a sugar.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

COC86032 COC97009 COC98061 COC99061 CO86249 CO8021 COC90063 COS195071


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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS 9. COS198071

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CO-GENERATION

The government of Tamil Nadu has permitted the mills to go in for generating a co-generation for plant. The industry eared additional income of generating co-gen.

Installed capacity of co-gen 7.5 mega watts for Factory consumption they used 2.5 mega watt of co-gen and the remaining 5 Mega watt co-gen, the use 3 Mega watt of power is supply to the TNEB per day. The export, 60,000 units of power to TNEB Factory generate 52 Tons of steam per hour. 17 tons of steam is used for mill drives and 22 tons of power for factory and 13 tons of power for process.

CO-GEN PROCESSING Cane Baggage BoilerStream generate

BY-PRODUCT UTILISATION In a sugar factory, nothing is treated as a waste. Every is used as a by produce for manufacturing. BY-ORIDYCTS ARE

1.

Baggage It is used as a raw material for generating co-gen It is also utilized as raw material for manufacturing paper.

2.

Molasses It is utilized for spirit & send to distillery.


It is also utilized for cattle field and IdhayamNalaiainnar and also used for manufacturing

chocolate. EID parry chocolate manufacture (or) purchase molasses front sugar factory. Department of Business Administration Page 23

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3.

Press Mud
It is used as fertilizers for producing cane. Farmers purchase pre mud from the sugar factory

waste into source is a Mantra. In every sugar factory.Due to the presence of this sugar mills.Sethiathope has gained on industrial status.

Area of Operation

The area of operation of mills entire taluk of Chidambaram and Kattumannarkoil, as detailed below,

SL.NO 1 2 3 4 5

CHIDAMBARAM TALUK Bhuvanagiri Sethiathope Thirvakulam Paragipettai Chidambaram

KATTUMANNARKOIL TALUK Sri Mushnam Kumarachi KattumannarKoil T. Puthoor Udayarkudi

FUNCTIONAL DEPARTMENT The following are the functional department which are efficiently operating in the mill

Administrative and Accounts department Cane department Engineering department


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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Manufacturing department

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The man power strength, surplus and vacancy position of mills as on 31.05.2012 are as follow: Approved Sl.No Department Strength 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Administration Account Cane Engineering Manufacturing Supervisory staff Officers Total 54 14 93 197 77 25 35 495 Position 72 19 114 183 58 12 33 491 10 1 15 43 29 14 5 117 28 6 36 29 10 1 3 113 In Vacant Surplus

In addition to this, 170 casual laborers called N.M.Rs are in the mills lists, who are employed during the season on the basis of daily requirement. SALIENT FEATURES OF THIS ORGANIZATION In Tamil Nadu, M.R.K Co-operation sugar mill is a pioneer plant for co-generating. It also used as a capital for this productive purpose. They supply 50,000 unit of power to the TNEB per day. It provides additional income to this mill of cost Rs. 23 lakes per year. One of the salient feature of this mills they use their wastages into source. For e.g. Molasses are utilized for chocolate manufacturing and spirit manufacturing. It is also export item which is exported to various foreign countries.

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Bagasse is used as raw material for generating Co-Generation. It will enter to get addition income to this mill. Press mud is sued for dfert9ilizers for cultivation purpose. One of the salient feature of this mill is they are entered into in house cultivation programme in effective way. One of the feature of this mill is crushing over the above 4 lakes of cane every season or every year. ORGANIZATIONAL CHART S

Administration

Office Manager Chief Accountant

Chief Welfare Officer

Chief Chemist Officer

Chief Engineer

Chief Cane officer

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FACTORY LAYOUT

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Cane Yard

Weight Bridge

Cane Carrier Crystallizer

Mill

Centrifugals

Crystallizer Certification Centrifugals

Evaporation Hopper

Graders Pans Bins & Godowns

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CHAPTER - II REVIEW OF LITERATURE

The impact of organizational climate on safety climate and individual behavior 2000M.A Griffinb, P.M Hartc

Relatively little previous research has investigated the mechanisms by which safety climate affects safety behavior. The current study examined the effects of general organizational climate on safety climate and safety performance. As expected, general organizational climate exerted a significant impact on safety climate, and safety climate in turn was related to selfreports of compliance with safety regulations and procedures as well as participation in safetyrelated activities within the workplace. The effect of general organizational climate on safety performance was mediated by safety climate, while the effect of safety climate on safety performance was partially mediated by safety knowledge and motivation. Perspectives on safety cultureA.IGlendona, N.A Stantonb2001

Overviewing selected elements from the literature, this paper locates the notion of safety culture within its parent concept of organisational culture. A distinction is drawn between functionalist and interpretive perspectives on organisational culture. The terms culture and climate are clarified as they are typically applied to organisations and to safety. A contrast is drawn between strategic top down and data-driven bottom up approaches to human factors as an illustrative aspect of safety. A safety case study is used to illustrate two measurement approaches. Key issues for future study include valid measurement of safety culture and

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developing methods to adequately represent mechanisms through which safety culture might influence, and be influenced by, other safety factors.

Effectiveness of Safety Measures Recommended for Prevention of Workplace Homicide Dana Loomis, PhD; Stephen W. Marshall, PhD; Susanne H. Wolf, RN, MPH; Carol W. Runyan, PhD; John D. Butts, MD Context Homicide is the second leading cause of death on the job for US workers. Government agencies recommend that employers prevent violence against workers by adopting interventions originally designed to prevent robbery, but the effectiveness of these interventions is unknown.

Objective To investigate the effectiveness of existing administrative and environmental interventions recommended for preventing workplace homicide.

Design, Setting, and Participants Population-based case-control study of North Carolina workplaces where a worker had been killed between January 1, 1994, and March 31, 1998, identified through a statewide medical examiner system (cases; n = 105) and an industrymatched random sample of workplaces at risk during the same period, selected from business telephone listings (controls; n = 210).

Main Outcome Measure Risk of death of a worker due to homicide.

Results Among environmental interventions, strong and consistent reductions in the risk of a worker being killed on the job were associated with bright exterior lighting (odds ratio [OR], 0.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.3-1.0). Among administrative interventions, the largest beneficial effect was for staffing practices that prevented workers from being alone at night (OR, 0.4; 95% CI, 0.2-0.9). Keeping doors closed during working hours was also associated
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consistently with substantially reduced risk (OR, 0.4; 95% CI, 0.1-1.1) but was not statistically significant. Combinations of 5 or more administrative measures were associated with significantly lower levels of risk (OR, 0.1; 95% CI, 0.0-0.5).

Conclusions We found evidence suggesting that eliminating solo work at night could reduce the risk of homicide for workers. Keeping doors closed and using bright exterior lighting or combinations of administrative interventions also appear to be beneficial, but there was no evidence of effectiveness for a number of other recommended measures.

Measuring safety climate: identifying the common features R. Flin, K. Mearns, P. O'Connor, R. Bryden

In UK industry, particularly in the energy sector, there has been a movement away from lagging measures of safety based on retrospective data, such as lost time accidents and incidents, towards leading or predictive assessments of the safety climate of the organisation or worksite. A number of different instruments have been developed by industrial psychologists for this purpose, resulting in a proliferation of scales with distinct developmental histories. Reviewing the methods and results from a sample of industrial surveys, the thematic basis of 18 scales used to assess safety climate is examined. This suggests that the most typically assessed dimensions relate to management (72% of studies), the safety system (67%), and risk (67%), in addition themes relating to work pressure and competence appear in a third of the studies.

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OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

To know the opinion of employees regarding safety and welfare measures schemes in MRK Sugar Mill. To find the level of satisfaction among the employees regarding safety and welfare measures. To find out the benefits yield by the employees, which are provided by the company. To suggest the ways to improve safety and welfare measures.

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NEED OF THE STUDY

Safety and welfare measure are the important factor for an organization to maintain quality of work life of the employee.

Safety and welfare facilities may patronage the employee to work better and it will lead to increase in output.

In every organization, an employees safety and welfare measure plays a vital role. Hence we conducted research on this topic

To know the employees response among various benefits regarding safety and welfare measures inMRK Sugar Mills, Sethiyathoppu.

It helps to improve employees productivity or efficiency by increasing their physical and mental health.

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SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This project throws light on the welfare and safety measures provided in MRK Sugar Mills Limited. It also reveals the awareness and satisfaction of employee with safety and welfare schemes. It also necessary to know the employee satisfaction about the safety and welfare measures of the organization for the purpose of achieving their goals.

The study undertaken at MRK Sugar Mills Limited seeks answer to the mentioned objectives, although the scope is limited to a particular sample size. The findings of the study will also helpful to the future research students also to know more about labour safety and welfare measures in an organization.

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CHAPTER-III
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY:

Research: Research is a process in which the researcher wishes to find out the end result for a given problem and thus the solution helps in future course of action. The research has been defined as A careful investigation or enquiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge.

Research Methodology: The procedure using, which researchers go about their work of describing, explaining and predicting phenomena, is called Methodology. Methods compromise the procedures used for generating, collecting and evaluating data. Methods are the ways of obtaining information useful for assessing explanations.

Design of Study: The Research Design undertaken for the study is Descriptive one. A study, which wants to portray the characteristics of a group or individuals or situation, is known as Descriptive study. It is mostly qualitative in nature.

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Data Collection Method: Survey method is considered the best method for data collection of data and the tools used for data collection are Questionnaire. This method is quite popular particularly in case of big enquires. Private individuals, research works, private and public organizations and even government are adopting it. In this method a questionnaire is sent to the persons concerned with a request to answer and return the questionnaire. A questionnaire consists of a number of question involves both specific and general questions relating to needs for training. Sources of Data: The two sources of data collection are namely Primary & Secondary. Primary Data Questionnaires are prepared and personal interview was conducted. Most of the questions are consist of multiple choices. The structured interview method was undertaken. The interview was conducted in English as well as in Tamil. Proper care was taken to frame the interview schedule in such a manner it should be easily understood in view of educational level of the employees. Generally 30 questions are prepared and asked to the employees of the MRK Sugar Mills.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Secondary Data

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Secondary data was collected from Internets, various books, Journals, and Company Records. QUESTIONNAIRE CONSTRUCTION Questionnaires were constructed based on the following types Open ended questions Close ended questions Multiple choice questions

Duration of the Study: The period for the study is done for 4 weeks. Sample Design: Universe : 499

Sample Element

: Permanent Employees

Sample Size

: 100 samples

Sample Test

: Percentage Method and Chi-square

Sample Media

: Questionnaire

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Statistical tools used:
o o o Percentage method Chi-square test Correlation test

2013

PERCENTAGE METHOD In this project Percentage method was used. The percentage method is used to know the accurate percentages of the data we took, it is easy to graph out through the percentages. The following are the formula No of Respondent Percentage of Respondent = Total no. of Respondents From the above formula, we can get percentages of the data given by the respondents. CHI-SQUARE ANALYSIS In this project chi-square was used. This is an analysis of technique which analyzed the stated data in the project. It analysis the assumed data and calculated in the study. The Chisquare test is an important test amongst the several tests of significant developed by statistical. Chi-square, symbolically written as x2 (Pronounce as Ki-Square), is a statistical measure used in the context of sampling analysis for comparing a variance to a theoretical variance. Formula
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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS


(O-E)2 2 = E

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O E

= =

Observed frequency Expected frequency

CORRELATION ANALYSIS

Correlation Analysis is a statistical technique used to measure the magnitude of linear relationship between two variables. Correlation Analysis is not used in isolation to describe the relationship between variables. To analyze the relation between two variables, two prominent correlation coefficient are used the Pearson product correlation coefficient and Spearmans rank correlation coefficient.

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CHAPTER -IV DATA ANALYSIS AND INTREPRETATION

Table 4.1: Age of the respondents

S.NO 1 2 3 4

AGE Below 25 years 26 - 35 years 36 - 50 years Above 50 years Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS 4 5 47 44 100

PERCENTAGE 4% 5% 47% 44% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 47% of the respondents are belongs to age group between 36 50 years, 44% of the respondents are belongs to age group above 50 years, 5% of the respondents are belongs to age group between 26 35 years, 4% of the respondents are belongs to age group below 25 years.

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Chart 4.1: Age of the respondents

50% 45% 40% 35% Percentage 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Below 25 years 26 - 35 years 4% 5%

47%

44%

36 - 50 years

Above 50 years

Age group

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Table 4.2: Gender of the respondents

S.NO 1 2

GENDER Male Female Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
94 6 100

PERCENTAGE 94% 6% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 94% of the respondents are male, 6% of the respondents are female.

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Chart 4.2: Gender of the respondents

6%

Male Female 94%

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Table 4.3: Working department of the respondents

S.NO 1 2 3 4

DEPARTMENT Engineering Manufacturing Stores Clerk Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
55 26 6 13 100

PERCENTAGE 55% 26% 6% 13% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 55% of the respondents are working in production department, 26% of the respondents are working in manufacturing department, 13% of the respondents are working as clerks, 6% of the respondents are working in stores.

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Chart 4.3: Working department of the respondents

60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Production Manufacturing DEPARTMENT Stores Clerk

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PERCENTAGE

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Table 4.4: Monthly income of the respondents

S.NO 1 2 3 4

MONTHLY INCOME Below 3,000 Rs.3001 5,000 Rs.5001 - 8,000 Above Rs.8,000 Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
1 0 9 90 100

PERCENTAGE 1% 0% 9% 90% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 90% of the respondents are in the income level above 8,000, 9% of the respondents are in the income level between 5001 8,000, 1% of the respondents are in the income level below 3,000, 0% of the respondents are in the income level between 3001- 5,000.

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Chart 4.4: Monthly income of the respondents

90% 90% 80% 70% Percentage 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Below 3,000 3001 5,000 5001 - 8,000 Above 8,000 Monthly income 1% 0% 9%

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Table 4.5: Work experience of the respondents

S.NO 1 2 3 4

EXPRIENCE Below 5 years 6 years - 10 years 11years - 20 years Above 20 years Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
3 1 32 64 100

PERCENTAGE 3% 1% 32% 64% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 64% of the respondents are in the work experience above 20 years, 32% of the respondents are in the work experience between 11 20 years, 3% of the respondents are in the work experience below 5 years, 1% of the respondents are in the work experience between 6 - 10 years in the company.

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Chart 4.5: Work experience of the respondents

70% 60% 50% Percentage 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Below 5 years 6 years - 10 11years - 20 years years Work experience 3% 1% 32%

64%

Above 20 years

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Table 4.6: Qualification of the respondents

S.NO 1 2 3 4

EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION School level Undergraduate Postgraduate Technical education Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
50 16 10 24 100

PERCENTAGE 50% 16% 10% 24% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 50% of the respondents are in the qualification of school level, 24% of the respondents are technical qualifiers, 16% of the respondents are graduates, 10% of the respondents are post graduates in the company.

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Chart 4.6: Qualification of the respondents

Technical education

24%

Percentage

Postgraduate

10%

Undergraduate

16%

School level 0% 10% 20% 30% Percentage 40% 50%

50%

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Table 4.7: Satisfaction about the safety measures

S.NO 1 2 3 4

LEVEL OF SATISFICATION Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
13 68 16 3 100

PERCENTAGE 13% 68% 16% 3% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 68% of the respondents are satisfied with the welfare measure, 16% of the respondents are dissatisfied with the welfare measure, 13% of the respondents are highly satisfied with the welfare measure, 3% of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with the welfare measure provided by the company.

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Chart 4.7: Satisfaction about the safety measures

68% 70% 60% 50% Percentage 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied 13% 16% 3%

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Table 4.8: Satisfaction about the labour welfares

S.NO 1 2 3 4

LEVEL OF SATISFACTION Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
10 75 12 3 100

PERCENTAGE 10% 75% 12% 3% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 75% of the respondents are satisfied with labour welfare, 12% of the respondents are dissatisfied with labour welfare, 10% of the respondents are highly satisfied with labour welfare, 3% of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with labour welfare made available by the company.

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Chart 4.8: Satisfaction about the labour welfares

80% 70% 60% PERCENTAGE 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied LEVEL OF RESPONDENTS

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Table 4.9: Satisfaction about the labour welfares

S.NO 1 2 3 4

LEVEL OF SATISFACTION Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
10 75 12 3 100

PERCENTAGE 10% 75% 12% 3% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 75% of the respondents are satisfied with the labour welfares, 12% of the respondents are dissatisfied with the labour welfares, 10% of the respondents are highly satisfied with the labour welfares, 3% of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with the labour welfares provided by the company.

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Chart 4.9: Satisfaction about the labour welfares

80% 70% 60% Percentage 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 10% 0% Highly satisfied

75%

12% 3% Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied

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Table 4.9: a) Availability of adequate washing facilities

S.NO 1 2

AVAILABILITY OF ADEQUATE TRAINING Yes No Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
74 26 100

PERCENTAGE 74% 26% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 74% of the respondents are say yes for the washing facilities, 26% of the respondents are say yes for the washing facilities provided by the company.

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Chart 4.9: a) Availability of adequate washing facilities

26%

Yes 74% No

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Table 4.9: b) Satisfaction of washing facilities for opinion yes

S.NO 1 2 3 4

LEVEL OF SATISFACTION Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
9 59 5 1 74

PERCENTAGE 12% 80% 07% 01% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 80% of the respondents are satisfied with the washing facilities,12% of the respondents are highly satisfied with the washing facilities, 07% of the respondents are dissatisfied with the washing facilities, 1% of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with the washing facilities made available by the company.

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Chart 4.9: b) Satisfaction of washing facilities for opinion yes

Highly dissatisfied

1%

Dissatisfied

5%

Satisfied 9% 0% 20% Percentage 40%

59%

Highly satisfied

60%

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Table 4.10: Availability of tools and equipment

S.NO 1 2 3

AVAILABILITY Good Moderate Poor Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
49 27 24 100

PERCENTAGE 49% 27% 24% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 49% of the respondents are feel good with the tools and equipment, 27% of the respondents are feel moderate with the tools and equipment, 24% of the respondents are feel poor with the tools and equipment made available by the company.

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Chart 4.10: Availability of tools and equipment

60% 50% Percentage 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Good Moderate Poor 27% 24% 49%

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Table 4.11: a) Availability of drinking water facilities

S.NO 1 2

PARTICULARS Yes No Total

FREQUENCY 100 0 100

PERCENTAGE 100% 0% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 100% of the respondents are say yes for the availability of drinking water, 0% of the respondents are say yes for the availability of drinking water facilities provided by the company.

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Chart 4.11: a) Availability of drinking water facilities

No

0%

Yes

100%

0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

Percentage

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Table 4.11: b) Satisfaction of drinking water facilities

S.NO 1 2 3 4

LEVEL OF SATISFACTION Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
62 38 0 0 100

PERCENTAGE 62% 38% 0% 0% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 62% of the respondents are highly satisfied with the drinking water facilities, 38% of the respondents are satisfied with the drinking water facilities, 0% of the respondents are dissatisfied with the drinking water facilities, 0% of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with the drinking water facilities provided by the company.

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Chart 4.11: b) Satisfaction of drinking water facilities

80% Percentage 60%

62% 38%

40% 20% 0% 0% Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied 0%

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Table 4.12: Satisfaction of healthcare facilities

S.NO 1 2 3 4

LEVEL OF SATISFACTION Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
25 61 11 3 100

PERCENTAGE 25% 61% 11% 3% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 61% of the respondents are satisfied with the health care facilities, 25% of the respondents are highly satisfied with the health care facilities, 11% of the respondents are dissatisfied with the health care facilities, 3% of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with the health care facilities provided by the company.

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Chart 4.12: Satisfaction of healthcare facilities

Highly dissatisfied

3%

Dissatisfied

11%

Satisfied

61%

Highly satisfied 0% 20%

25% 40% Percentage 60% 80%

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Table 4.13: Sufficient space for workplace

S.NO 1 2 3 4

LEVEL OF SATISFACTION Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
36 57 6 1 100

PERCENTAGE 36% 57% 6% 1% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 57% of the respondents are satisfied with work space, 36% of the respondents are highly satisfied with work space, 6% of the respondents are dissatisfied with work space, 1% of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with work space in the company.

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Chart 4.13: Sufficient space for workplace

60% 50% Percentage 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Highly satisfied 36%

57%

6%

1% Highly dissatisfied

Satisfied

Dissatisfied

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Table 4.14: Adequate first-aid facilities

S.NO 1 2 3 4

LEVEL OF SATISFACTION Highly satisfied Satisfied Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
52 40 8 0 100

PERCENTAGE 52% 40% 8% 0% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 52% of the respondents are highly satisfied with first-aid, 40% of the respondents are satisfied with first-aid, 8% of the respondents are dissatisfied with first-aid, 0% of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with first-aid facilities made by the company.

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Chart 4.14: Adequate first-aid facilities

Highly dissatisfied

0%

Dissatisfied

8%

Satisfied

40%

Highly satisfied 0% 20% Percentage 40%

52% 60%

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Table 4.15: Opinion about the cleanness of the company

S.NO 1 2 3

OPINION ABOUT CLEANESS Good Moderate Poor Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
35 38 27 100

PERCENTAGE 35% 38% 27% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 38% of the respondents are feel moderate with the workplace cleanness, 35% of the respondents are feel good with the workplace cleanness, 27% of the respondents are feel poor with the workplace cleanness of the company.

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Chart 4.15: Opinion about the cleanness of the company

40% 35% 30% Percentage 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0%

35%

38% 27%

Good

Moderate

Poor

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Table 4.16: Opinion about the ventilation in the workplace

2013

S.NO 1 2 3

PARTICULARS Good Moderate Poor Total

FREQUENCY 84 12 4 100

PERCENTAGE 84% 12% 4% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 84% of the respondents are feel good with the workplace ventlisation, 12% of the respondents are feel moderate with the workplace ventlisation, 4% of the respondents are feel poor with the workplace ventlisation of the company.

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Chart 4.16: Opinion about the ventilation in the workplace

Poor

4%

Moderate

12%

Good

84%

0%

20%

40%

60%

80%

100%

Percentage

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Table 4.17: Opinion about the lighting facilities

S.NO 1 2 3

OPINION ABOUT LIGHTING FACILITY Good Moderate Poor Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
82 13 5 100

PERCENTAGE 82% 13% 5% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 82% of the respondents are feel good with the lighting facilities, 13% of the respondents are feel moderate with the lighting facilities,5% of the respondents are feel poor with the lighting facilities provided by the company.

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Chart 4.17: Opinion about the lighting facilities

100% 80% Percentage 60% 40% 20% 0%

82%

13% 5%

Good

Moderate

Poor

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Table 4.18: Opinion about the noise control measures

S.NO 1 2 3

OPINION ABOUT NOISE CONTROL MEASURE Good Moderate Poor Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
17 29 54 100

PERCENTAGE 17% 29% 54% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 54% of the respondents are feel poor with the noise control measures, 29% of the respondents are feel moderate with the noise control measures, 17% of the respondents are feel good with the noise control measures taken by the company.

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Chart 4.18: Opinion about the noise control measures

Poor

54%

Moderate

29%

Good

17%

0%

10%

20%

30% Percentage

40%

50%

60%

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Table 4.19: Opinion about the noise control measures

S.NO 1 2 3

OPINION Good Moderate Poor Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENTS
45 17 38 100

PERCENTAGE 45% 17% 38% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 45% of the respondents are feel good with the noise control measures, 38% of the respondents are feel poor with the noise control measures, 17% of the respondents are feel moderate with the noise control measures made by the company.

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Chart 4.19: Opinion about the noise control measures

50% 40% Percentage 30% 20% 10% 0%

45% 38%

17%

Good

Moderate

Poor

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Table 4.20: Opinion about the toilet facilities

S.NO 1 2 3

OPINION Good Moderate Poor Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 45 17 38 100

PERCENTAGE 45% 17% 38% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 45% of the respondents are feel good with the toilet facilities, 38% of the respondents are feel poor with the toilet facilities, 17% of the respondents are feel moderate with the toilet facilities made by the company.

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Chart 4.20: Opinion about the toilet facilities

Poor

38%

Moderate

17%

Good

45%

0%

10%

20%

30%

40%

50%

Percentage

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Table 4.21: Opinion about the safety measures

S.NO 1 2 3 4 5

OPINION Very high High Moderate low Very low Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 5 52 17 20 6 100

PERCENTAGE 5% 52% 17% 20% 6% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 52% of the respondents are feel high about the safety measures, 20% of the respondents are feel low about the safety measures, 17% of the respondents are feel moderate about the safety measures, 6% of the respondents are feel very low about the safety measures, 5% of the respondents are feel very high about the safety measures provided by the company.

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Chart 4.21: Opinion about the safety measures

60% 50% Percentage 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Very high 5%

52%

17%

20% 6%

High

Moderate

low

Very low

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Table 4.22: Training provided for safety

S.NO 1 2

AVAILABILITY OF TRAINING Yes No Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 63 37 100

PERCENTAGE 63% 37% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 63% of the respondents are say yes that they need training for safety, 37% of the respondents are say no that they need training for safety by the company.

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Chart 4.22: Training provided for safety

2013

37%

Yes 63% No

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Table 4.22: Training provided for safety for the opinion yes

S.NO 1 2 3

PARTICULARS Standard Moderate Dissatisfied Total

FREQUENCY 28 32 3 63

PERCENTAGE 44% 51% 05% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 44% of the respondents are feel moderate with training, 51% of the respondents are feel standard with training, 5% of the respondents are feel dissatisfied with the training for the safety measures.

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Chart 4.22: Training provided for safety for the opinion yes

35% 30% Percentage 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0%

32% 28%

3%

Standard

Moderate

Dissatisfied

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Table 4.23: Training provided for safety for the opinion no

S.NO 1 2

OPINION Yes No Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 21 20 41

PERCENTAGE 51% 49% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 51% of the respondents are say yes that they no need training, 49% of the respondents are say no that they no need training for safety measures.

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Chart 4.23: Training provided for safety for the opinion no

20% 21% Yes No

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Table 4.24: Energetic food provided by canteen

S.NO 1 2 3 4 5

OPINION Good Moderate Poor Satisfied Dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 35 33 10 14 8 100

PERCENTAGE 35% 33% 10% 14% 8% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 35% of the respondents are feel good with the energetic food in canteen, 33% of the respondents are feel moderate with the energetic food in canteen, 14% of the respondents are satisfied with the energetic food in canteen, 10% of the respondents are feel poor with the energetic food in canteen, 8% of the respondents are dissatisfied with the energetic food provided in canteen.

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Chart 4.24: Energetic food provided by canteen

35% 35% 30% 25% Percentage 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Good

33%

14% 10% 8%

Moderate

Poor

Satisfied

Dissatisfied

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Table 4.25: Helmet provided in workplace

S.NO 1 2

OPINION Yes No Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 82 18 100

PERCENTAGE 82% 18% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 82% of the respondents are yes for the helmet provided, 18% of the respondents are say no for the helmet not provided in the workplace.

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Chart 4.25: Helmet provided in workplace

90% 80% 70% Percentage 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0%

82%

18%

Yes

No

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Table 4.26: Gloves provided in workplace

S.NO 1 2

OPINION Yes No Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 54 46 100

PERCENTAGE 54% 46% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 54% of the respondents yes that the company provide gloves facility, 46% of the respondents no that the company provide gloves facility for the employees.

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Chart 4.26: Gloves provided in workplace

No

46%

Yes

54%

42%

44%

46%

48% Percentage

50%

52%

54%

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Table 4.27: Shoes provided in workplace

S.NO 1 2

OPINION Yes No Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 79 21 100

PERCENTAGE 79% 21% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 79% of the respondents are say yes that company provide shoes, 21% of the respondents are say yes that company provide shoes for the employees.

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Chart 4.27: Shoes provided in workplace

79% 80% 70% 60% Percentage 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Yes No 21%

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Table 4.28: Company provide safety awareness programme

S.NO 1 2

OPINION Yes No Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 52 48 100

PERCENTAGE 52% 48% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 52% of the respondents are say yes that the company provide awareness programme, 48% of the respondents are say no that the company provide awareness programme for the employees.

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Chart 4.28: Company provide safety awareness programme

No

48%

Yes

52%

46%

47%

48%

49% Percentage

50%

51%

52%

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Table 4.29: Satisfaction of the facilities made available by the company

S.NO 1 2 3 4 5

LEVEL OF SATISFACTION Highly satisfied Satisfied Neutral Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 10 52 4 15 19 100

PERCENTAGE 10% 52% 4% 15% 19% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 52% of the respondents are satisfied with the facilities, 19% of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with the facilities, 15% of the respondents are dissatisfied with the facilities, 10% of the respondents are highly satisfied with the facilities, 4% of the respondents are neutral with the facilities provided by the company.

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Chart 4.29: Satisfaction of the facilities made available by the company

Highly dissatisfied

19%

Dissatisfied 4%

15%

Neutral

Satisfied 10% 0% 20% Percentage 40%

52%

Highly satisfied

60%

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Table 4.30: Availability of DCP and CO2 in the company

S.NO 1 2

OPINION Yes No Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 62 38 100

PERCENTAGE 62% 38% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 62% of the respondents are yes for the availability of DCP & CO2, 38% of the respondents are no for the availability of DCP & CO2 in the company.

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Chart 4.30: Availability of DCP and CO2 in the company

38%

62%

Yes No

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Table 4.31:

S.NO 1 2 3 4 5

LEVEL OF SATISFACTION Highly satisfied Satisfied Neutral Dissatisfied Highly dissatisfied Total

NO.OF.RESPONDENT 11 60 4 11 14 100

PERCENTAGE 11% 60% 4% 11% 14% 100

INTREPRETATION:

From the above table it is inferred that, 60% of the respondents are satisfied with the facilities, 14% of the respondents are highly dissatisfied with the facilities, 11% of the respondents are highly satisfied with the facilities, 11% of the respondents are dissatisfied with the facilities, 4% of the respondents are neutral with the facilities made available by the company.

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Chart 4.31: Satisfaction about the facilities

70% 60% 50% Percentage 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Highly satisfied 11%

60%

11% 4%

14%

Satisfied

Neutral

Dissatisfied

Highly dissatisfied

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS CHI-SQUARE ANALYSIS Hypothesis: There is no association between the age and the satisfaction of the labour welfare measures. Cross tabulation:

2013

Age Below 25 years 26 - 35 years 36 - 50 years Above 50 years Total

Highly satisfied 0 0 8 2 10

satisfaction of the labour welfare measures. Highly Satisfied Dissatisfied dissatisfied 4 4 33 34 75 0 1 5 6 12 0 0 1 2 3

Total 4 5 47 44 100

Chi square test:

Value Particulars Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases 6.707a 8.177 1.095 100

df

Asymp. Sig. (2sided) .668 .516 .295

9 9 1

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Result: Chi-square test value = 6.707 df = 9 Significant value is 0.668

Hence there is no association between the age and the satisfaction of labour welfare measures, because the significant value is greater the table value (0.005). It is Accepted.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Hypothesis: There is no association between the age and the satisfaction of healthcare measures provided by the company. Cross tabulation:

2013

Age

Highly satisfied 1 3 12 9 25

satisfaction of safety measures provided by the company, Dissatisfied Highly Satisfied Total dissatisfied 3 1 29 28 61 0 1 4 6 11 0 0 2 1 3 4 5 47 44 100

Below 25 years 26 - 35 years 36 - 50 years Above 50 years Total

Chi square test:

Value Particulars Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases 6.325a 6.753 1.133 100

Df

Asymp. Sig. (2sided) .707 .663 .287

9 9 1

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Result: Chi-square test value = 6.325 df = 9 Significant value is 0.707

2013

Hence there is no association between the age and the satisfaction of health care measures provided by the company, because the significant value is greater the table value (0.005). It is Accepted.

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A STUDY ON EMPLOYEE SAFETY MEASURES IN MRK SUGAR MILLS Hypothesis: There is no association between the age and Workplace cleanness of the company. Cross tabulation:

2013

Age Below 25 years 26 - 35 years 36 - 50 years Above 50 years Total 4 2

Workplace cleanness of the company Good Moderate 0 1 21 16 38 Poor 0 2 13 12 27 Total 4 5 47 44 100

13 16 35

Chi square test:

Particulars Pearson Chi-Square Likelihood Ratio Linear-by-Linear Association N of Valid Cases 9.542a 10.587 1.223 100 6 6 1

Value

Df

Asymp. Sig. (2sided) .145 .102 .269

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Result: Chi-square test value = 9.542 df = 6 Significant value is 0.145 Hence there is no association between the age and the workplace cleanness of the company, because the significant value is greater the table value (0.005). It is Accepted.

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CHAPTER V FINDINGS 94% of the respondents are male. 55% of the respondents are working in engineering department. 90% of the respondents are in the income level of above 8,000. 64% of the respondents having work experience of above 20 years. 50% of the respondents are in the educational qualification of school level. 68% of the respondents are satisfied with the safety measure. 75% of the respondents are satisfied with the labour welfares. 74% of the respondents are said yes for availability of the washing facilities. 44% of the respondents are satisfied with the washing facilities. 49% of the respondents are felt good with the availability of tools &equipments 100% of the respondents are said yes for the availability of drinking water. 62% of the respondents are highly satisfied with the drinking water facilities. 61% of the respondents are satisfied with the health care facilities. 57% of the respondents are satisfied with work space. 52% of the respondents are highly satisfied with first-aid. 38% of the respondents are felt moderate with the cleanness. 84% of the respondents are felt good with the workplace ventilation. 82% of the respondents are felt good with the lighting facilities. 54% of the respondents are felt poor with the noise control measures.

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52% of the respondents are felt high about the safety measures. 63% of the respondents are said yes for the need of training on safety. 51% of the respondents are feel moderate with training on safety. 82% of the respondents are said yes for the helmet provided. 35% of the respondents are feel good with energetic food in canteen. 54% of the respondents said yes that the company provide gloves facility. 79% of the respondents are said yes that company provide shoes. 52% of the respondents are said yes that the company provide awareness programme. 52% of the respondents are satisfied with the facilities. 62% of the respondents are said for the availability of DCP & CO2. 60% of the respondents are satisfied with the facilities.

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SUGGESTIONS The statutory provisions on safety are adequate for the time being. enforcement is the current need. The organization should provide sufficient personal protective equipments to employees working in all the departments. Every fatal accident should thoroughly be enquired into and given wide publicity among workers. The Organization should arrange for the medical check- ups at regular period of time. If the Organization follows material handling principles and the machines are guarded properly there is a chance to reduce majority accidents happening inside their organization. The factory inspectorate should advise and assist employers in drawing up induction and training programme in safety. Effective

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CHAPTER - VII CONCLUSION

The Study on Industrial Safety Management in M R K Co-Operative Sugar Mills Ltd., tells that most of the employees are dissatisfied with the safety management practiced inside the organization. The organization has to concentrate more on safety measures and can provide safety equipments like goggles, gloves, shoes, masks, etc., to improve the safety inside the organization.

The safety training must be given properly and compulsorily to avoid accidents inside the organization. The first aid training must be given to both the labour and supervisors who are working in various departments. This will improve the safety of the organization.

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BIBLOGRAPHY BOOKS

1. Mamoria, C.B., Gankar, s.v., Personnel Management, Himalaya publishing House, Mumbai.

2. Bolley, J.W., A Guide to Effective Industrial Safety, Gulf Publishing House, Texas, 1977.

3. Kothari, C.R., Research Methodology , New Age International (p) Ltd., Delhi, 1985

Publishers , New

4. Human Resource Management, The ICFAI Center for Management Research, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad.

WEB SITES 1. 2. 3. 4. www.managementstudyguide.com www/Managementhelp.org/ www.hrcouncil.co www.zeromillion .com/business/personnel

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