THE BOY COMES HOME A. A.
Question# 1 Discuss the title of the play? A. A. Milne, was a journalist, and became the editor of “Punch” at the age of twenty-four. On the outbreak of war in 1914 he entered the Army. In his leisure time he used to write lighthearted comic one-act plays. The present one-act comedy is named “The Boy Comes Home”. The title refers to a boy who has come back to his home after some years. This boy happens to be a young British soldier called Philip, who has been fighting in France. He is a young promising boy with a strong and pleasant personality. He is twenty-three years old and has learnt a lot from his experience in the war. His personality has become mature and he is unruffled by any sort of situation. His reaction to different situations and characters is quite impressive and selfassured. He comes home to find himself in a conflict with his guardian’s strict personality and his unbending rules at home. The whole action revolves around the way in which he handles the discussion with his uncle. Amusingly this discussion goes on as much in reality as in the dream of uncle James. Uncle James’s insecurity and sense of incapability before a young man compel him enough that he readily accedes to the demands of his nephew. Question# 2 Discuss the breakfast episode? Philip gets up late in the morning because he has just come home the previous night. He calls the parlour maid Marry and asks her to bring breakfast for him. Marry tells him that the breakfast has been cleared away an hour before. Philip says that he knows it that’s why he has called her. He gives orders for two eggs and ham and coffee not tea… Marry hesitates and says she doesn’t know what Mrs. Higgins will say. Marry tells him that breakfast at sharp eight is still the rule of this home as it had been before he went to war. Philip smilingly says that he has been doing a lot of silly things before going to war. Marry goes and Aunt Emily comes in. She is a subdued lady who never asserts her self. She talks to Philip on general topics. Marry comes in again and says to aunt Emily that Mrs. Higgins wants to see her. Philip at once intervenes and asks Marry to tell Mrs. Higgins to come there. Aunt Emily hesitates and says, “I don’t know what Mrs. Higgins will say”. Philip pleasantly says that he wants to know once and for all, what will she say. An extremely aggressive lady comes in and talks in a domineering style to Philip and tells him that she will not make any breakfast after 8 o’clock. Philip talks to her in an authoritative style and tells her to make breakfast. On that she demands that she should be given a notice for introduction of a new rule in the home. Philip gives her
wages to her instead of a notice and tells her that she may go at once. This proves a successful strategy and she is much intimidated. At last she says,” if it’s only a bit of breakfast, I don’t say but what I mightn’t get it, if asked decent.” This episode sets the tone of the whole play because it indicates the strength of Philip’s personality. And it further shows that nobody will be able to make him agree to his or her wishes. Question# 3 Describe the dream of uncle James? Philip comes back to his uncle’s home after a period of four years. There he is received by the strict practices of his uncle’s irrational rules. Philip’s father has died and Uncle James is his guardian. On the very first morning after his arrival uncle James wants to discuss Philip’s future with him. Uncle is an old fashioned man and he holds orthodox views about treating young kids. He thinks that he can dictate Philip to do whatever he wants. He is a short statured man with an unimpressive physical appearance but he has closed himself in the cocoon of severity. His inner weakness collides with his outward severity and this conflict induces him to dream a strange thing. His unconscious fear and insecurity make him view Philip as a rude and bullying boy who tries to get his demands fulfilled on the point of gun. His dream is full of violence and threats. He sees himself completely subjugated before the terrorization and use of weapons by his insolent nephew. He dreams Philip as a headstrong and impertinent guy who can go to any limit. The dream is so forceful that uncle James is unable to know that it isn’t reality but only a dream. Uncle is badly influenced by the dream and when Philip talks to him in reality he behaves in very kind and considerate way to avoid the menacing situation of his dream. Uncle James’s conscious and unconscious blend together to constitute his dream and then it directs his consequent real attitude. Question# 4 What was the main conflict of the play? The play revolves around the two main characters, uncle James and Philip. They represent different ages and different generations. Their ways of thinking and outlook about life are at cross-purposes. Their assessment and their motives are different. The main conflict in the play is the future profession of the boy, Philip, who has recently left the army and is free now. The boy is energetic and is ready to do anything while uncle is orthodox and wants to lead the boy by nose. The boy and uncle both want to have their own will in this matter. The boy wants to have a bold decision and wants to become an architect while his uncle likes to follow the same beaten path and offers him to join his business. Here starts a heated and violent dispute... The boy uses the power of weapon while uncle proposes to use the power of purse. The boy threatens and bluffs his uncle. He uses revolver and bombs to assert his point and finally he manages to make his uncle listen to his point of view too. Subsequently uncle assents to boy’s desire and the boy subscribes to his uncle’s wish.
Uncle James is an old fashioned man and he does not let others to have their say. He has a straggly grey beard that doesn’t hide a chin of any great power. All these expectations basically show his own mental tangles and frailties. Philip who has personally been in trenches”. So his uncle’s expectations about him are baseless. He is orthodox and strict in his rules.
Question# 5 What where the expectations of the uncle about boy? Uncle James is the guardian of Philip and he tries to dictate him in his decision about his future. He further boasts that his jam business also has served the poor men in trenches though he isn’t ready to give any acknowledgment to the “poor man. He criticizes the legislation that has imposed tax on excess profits in business. His servants and his wife all have completely given in to his commands. Due to this rule Philip has to face a lot of trouble at his very first morning in his home. but he has a severity that passes for strength with the weak. Moreover he takes the credit of giving his nephew to the nation. His unconscious makes him have a dream that weakens him and he yields before the boy. That’s why he expects Philip to behave in the same way. He doesn’t give much credit to Philip for having fought a war for his country but in the same breath he says that he himself has done a lot for his country by suffering the shortage of potatoes. This is the fact that he knows unconsciously because in his dream he sees Philip as a rude and violent boy but infact the boy is not like this. He very meanly proposes to use the power of purse to subdue his nephew. The boy is very strong and decisive person and he cannot be led by nose. Then he dreams him to be a violent rogue. Question# 6 Draw the character sketches of: Uncle James Philip
Uncle James is a very successful businessman who has been making pots of money even in the wartime. But infact Philip is not according to any of his anticipations and he proves to be a sensible boy with proper manners. Uncle James is irrational to some extent as he says that Philip should be punctual even in his home.
.The whole dream is infact a psychological study of a middle aged man who goes through a conflict in his own mind. and nobody can get anything to eat after the appointed times. He is not physically an impressive man. He bullies Philip to enter into his business and thinks that he will refuse. So the expectations of uncle James are flimsy and baseless and they all prove to be wrong. He has decided times for meals even. His uncle dreams him as a stubborn and haughty man but in reality he at once agrees to his uncle’s suggestion.
In his uncle’s dream he appears to be an insolent boy who doesn’t recognize any authority. He is a well built young man of twenty-three with a pleasant assertive personality. In spite of his outward severity he is an insecure man inside. He is not confused or worried. He is not vindictive either because when Mrs. asking for mercy. He is a boy of pleasant manners. He compels his uncle forcefully to agree with his demands.
. His relations with his uncle have always been problematic though.
PHILIP Philip is the hero of this play. they reveal the true worth of a man in terms of his aspirations. He is an unforgettable figure who represents different shades of a man’s personality. His attitude goes through a revolutionary change after the dream. The dreams are a secret opening into the unconscious. He is afraid of being bullied physically and this is what he shows through his dreams. When he is denied breakfast he quickly responds and handles the situation in a commanding way. The haughty and boorish Philip is only a bogey created by his uncle’s imagination. He behaves in a very appropriate and considerate way to Philip. He simply decides to dismiss the cook who is not ready to work.He doesn’t want to give free hand to his nephew in deciding upon his future career. He experiences a strong sense of fear and is completely cowed down by this unconscious fear. He tells his aunt that she has always been his darling and he talks to her about his experiences in Army. His personality has two facets. But this is not his true personality In reality his uncle finds him much sensible. He unconsciously thinks that his time is over and the members of new generation can’t be stopped from having their own way. He points a loaded revolver at his defenseless uncle and frightens him to an extent that uncle James goes on his knees. He asks him if wants to be an architect or anything of that sort but Philip isn’t interested. Uncle James dreams about his discussion with Philip and reveals his insecure feelings. Higgins is ready to make the breakfast. His parents have died and he lives with his uncle James. He has strong ability to take a decision in any crisis. He only wants not to salute someone or wear a uniform otherwise he is ready to do any thing. He speaks to him in a haughty way and tries to assert his authority. He settles the dispute through power. he treats Marry and his aunt in a polite way. He has recently come back from the war front. his fears and his strong points. He doesn’t want to wear a uniform again and that’s it. The reality is completely otherwise. he doesn’t create any problem and repeats his order of breakfast. one is his real personality while the other has been concocted by his uncle’s imagination. He breaks the rules and doesn’t care about his elders. He wants to be an architect and can defend his intension with many arguments. He even produces a bomb out of his pocket and threatens to throw it on his uncle if he is not reasonable in his attitude. So uncle James is a very amusing character that can be seen anywhere in modern society.
He is dressed in black and is fully equipped for his difficult task of burglary. Lettice is a nice looking girl and her manners and attitude too set the Wolf on ease. they never have accidents or any other event that can be reported to a newspaper. Nothing ever happens to them. They claim to be the dullest family of the county. nec dejecta” which means neither happy nor dejected. he asks him to let his sister come who is much interested in the Wolf and his exploits. He repeatedly assures him of the straightforward and trust-worthy conduct of the Sydney family. It represents the modern attitude towards different events. “manna in the wilderness”. The head of the family Lord Redchester exclaims that at last it is something that they can talk about.Overall Philip’s character is strong and convincing. A well-bred family has been shown in this one-act play that deals with the unexpected situation in an unexpected manner. Posted by Fouzia Malik at 06:24 1 comment: Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Pinterest Something To Talk About Eden Phillpotts
Question# 1 Discuss the title of the play? This play is basically a clever piece of writing that displays modern mentality. In this situation when a famous burglar comes to their home they call it. Then there comes their
. He behaves in a proper manner and asks him to trust him and let him put his hands down. She shows great interest in him and his tools of burglary. It also indicates towards the modern life that lacks adventure and novelty Question# 2 How do they behave with the Wolf? It is three o’ clock at Christmas morning when the most famous burglar of England enters into the Tudor Manor Redchester. He offers him a drink and shows great surprise and a sense of being honoured by Wolf because of his expedition into their home. The pace of modern life has increased tremendously and nothing seems novel today. He has become reckless and bold. So the title shows the importance of something new in life that one can talk to other people about. The blessed faculty to “wonder” has been snatched away from the modern man. Their family motto is “nec elata. It wins at the end because he represents the advancing time that always wins. He is fumbling at the safe when Guy Sydney enters…. He is not at all ruffled or confused to see the Wolf there. He has come to have some soda water but is confronted with a crook who asks him to put his hands up. When the Wolf starts his work.
. Lord Redchester. They successfully manage the propaganda and get their desired results. The Wolf is disappointed but to his surprise. The safe contains Lord Redchester’s Christmas gifts that he has bought for his family. But they only represent the working of nice breeding that enables them to behave in an ideal manner. Thus they turn the table by wisely proceeding step by step. This arouses the Wolf’s curiosity and he gets interested. In this way they have provided him a chance to reconsider his trade of robbing others. They exploit the Wolf’s greedy nature and tell him about the expensive things present in Lord Wallaby’s home. They tell him the way to enter in that home easily. Bishop indirectly talks to him and says that if he takes their presents. When a simple family has befooled the Wolf. They want to give him time. He is a clever man and can handle people easily. Their repeated assurance of their honourable character befools the Wolf and he is dodged successfully. At this point Bishop says that the Wolf should turn a new leaf from that night. At the end of the play when the Wolf relents the Christmas presents of Sydney family and is ready to rob the Wallaby’s. They do not lose their balance thus controlling not only the situation but also the burglar himself. Thus they make him accept all that they say. It may be possible that they report about all of this to police and the police may arrest him. They are very expensive and the Wolf is very happy to see them. Question# 3 How do they turn the table? The Wolf tries hard to enter into the family safe of Redchester family but can’t do so because the safe is made of a new metal and is crook-proof. The Wolf naively believes in them and decides to give their presents back to them. They treat the burglar without tremors and flaws. he will regret because in this way he may lose a far superior advantage. Guy and Bishop cunningly portray Lord Wallaby’s wealth. Lady Redchester and Bishop all come one by one and express their pleasure and surprise at the Wolf’s presence in their home. Lord Redchester tells him the password and he gets the safe open in a second. They cunningly win the trust of the burglar and later they manage to turn the table through the positive impression that they have cast on him. Question# 4 Why does Bishop want him to turn a new leaf from that day? Charles is Lord Redchester’s brother and is the bishop of the Redchester Cathedral. This is a very crucial remark because the Sydney family has successfully saved itself from a burglar and the burglar is planning to invade some other home the next night. Some critics have considered the attitude of the Sydney family as incredible. The Sydney family has treated Wolf in a decent manner and they have carefully managed to make him believe in any word spoken by any one of them. When the Wolf is ready to depart with their valuable gifts. They have assured him that they are a very simple family whose strongest suit is the rectitude.butler. Preston who is however not able to act in accordance with the attitude of rest of the Sydney family.
They want to have a break from the tedious routine of life and want to revel in any adventure. Thus they represent the mental state and attitude of the modern people who are badly bored because of their monotonous everyday life. He is violent and often uses bad language to others. They want something different and dramatic. Illustrate. Thus he has proved himself vulnerable and this may prove to be his last adventure. So the reader can expect a new leaf to be turned over in his life at that night. They try to feel the pleasure in a dramatic situation. The Sydneys are a well-bred modern family who behave in an appropriate way when confronted with an unexpected situation. They don’t get confused and hold the situation in their own hands. They are not worried at the Wolf’s presence in their home rather they are jubilated to have something to talk about. He doesn’t believe any one and holds his revolver in his hands all the time. The Wolf has been considered as the greatest burglar of England and all the police in England is after him… but he has been dodged by a common family. Often the newspapers report about him and tell some mysterious stories about his conduct and behaviour especially with ladies. This play of course is an exaggeration but it indicates towards a growing trend of modern life. So the family in the story presents the modern bent of mind as well as the modern rational attitude in any unforeseen situation. Question# 6 Draw the character sketches of 1-Wolf. He is very confident about his skills and proudly declares that no safe in the world can beat him. “I’ll plug you” again and again. He has been carrying on this trade for a long time that’s why he is quite well known. Question# 5 This play shows the mental state of modern people. He suspects the Sydneys and is not easily ready to believe in them. He is the most famous burglar of England and all the police of England are after him. He suspects them in little matters like he asks if Lord Redchester’s tobacco is doped. 2-Guy WOLF Wolf is a dangerous burglar who comes to rob the Sydney family. Like anyone else they too don’t want to be dispossessed of their valuable gifts but they act in a sensibly different manner. Then he asks Guy not to make a strong drink for him but when it comes to the serious
. He behaves in a rude manner with the Sydney family and repeats. The stale day-to-day routine has made their senses numb and some break from it is always welcome.opened the door of his destruction. He presents himself as a pitiless and cunning fellow but in fact he is a dupe and greedy man. He uses modern technology for his purpose.
At the Christmas morning he comes to have a drink.
. He tells him about the riches present in Wallaby’s drawing room and dinning room. he retorts immediately. He paints such a picture before Wolf that he is completely befooled. He is intelligent and self-assured. He behaves nicely with Wolf and asks him to be polite. any more than virtuous classes. “Wolves do change their hair. when he sees the Wolf. “ One in hand is better than two in bush” but later forgets it and goes for “two in bush” leaving the “one in hand”. He calls his family members one by one and perhaps he prepares them for the situation. SYDNEY
Guy Sydney is a young boy who comes across Wolf in his study room. virtuous and trustworthy…. He eagerly gives him the whole map of Wallaby’s home. When Lady Redchester mentions about the criminal classes he says. It is he who sets the attitude of the whole family. “there ain’t no criminal classes. “Do you want me to abandon my craft and start keeping rabbits”? He professes to be a cunning man but proves to be a fool. when Bishop asks who he is…. On the whole this is a superb presentation of a modern crook. He is unusual dramatic and cannot be easily forgotten. He says. He tells him that his family is the most straightforward and trust worthy family of the county. Again when Bishop asks him to join the ranks of the honourable. He is greedy and leaves the booty in hand in anticipation of an imagined treasure. He gives many sarcastic remarks.
in. He leaves their gifts and is ready to intrude into Wallaby’s home.
He seems to be an educated man because he quotes some classical sayings. He makes a whole list of expensive things present there and even lets him know the location of these things. He himself said. He controls himself fully and doesn’t show any alarm or confusion. or the Palace. He again and again gives him drink and takes interest in his tools. can’t he?” He is attracted to beauty like any other man and welcomes Lettice. He retorts. but not their hearts”. He is active and controls the situation fully. “a lost sheep in wolf’s clothing”. He praises Lord Redchester’s gifts open heartedly. Lettice calls him. He claims to make a clean sweep and behaves rudely in order to get the jewels back from ladies. A man can be in the House of Commons today and the House of Detention tomorrow. He shows himself as caring and asks many questions about Wolf’s life.business. The rogues and the rulers may both come from the gutter. He reiterates his family’s strong points forcefully. “I am a piano tuner”. The Sydney family befools him and makes him leave their treasure. At the end he assists uncle Bishop in turning the table. His friendly manners make Wolf think that he is among friends.
Her reaction at her daughter’s sudden decision of getting married to an ugly rugby player shocks her but she pretends to have no effect at all. we see all the characters are trying to give a false picture of their real personality and hiding the truth behind one or the other smoke screen. Simulation and dissimulation are the tools that help a man to envelop himself in a “smoke screen”. The mother in the play behaves as if she has no concern for her daughter and her business of taxicabs holds more importance for her. The daughter knows everything about the troubled marriage of her parents but she never shows it. leaving all her money to the International Peace Society. Nobody is ready to show his true emotions. Thus they shift from one place to another without being detected by the enemy forces. In the play everyone is trying to hide his true stance under the cover of an artificial reaction. Posted by Fouzia Malik at 06:13 No comments: Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Pinterest Smoke Screen Harold Brighouse
Question# 1 Discuss the title of the play? Smoke screen is a strategy generally used by the armies who generate a lot of smoke around their area to hide their movements from the enemy sight. The present play too is about the inter-play of different feelings and attitudes of some characters at a critical point of their lives. Different people often use the smoke screen to present their deceptive image before the world. He artfully plans the strategy from very first moment and leads it to his desired objective. Another parallel of this phenomenon is seen in a marine creature. So. Question# 2 What type of the girl primrose was?
. Aunt Susan hides Primrose’s bag and tries to hold her at home but infact she wants her sister to realize that too much freedom has spoiled her daughter and as a payback she should dispossess her daughter as her heiress. cuttlefish…the one that s quirts out a flood of ink to hide itself from attack.Thus Guy Sydney can be called the main instrument of Wolf’s destruction. She knows the rotten nature of her otherwise handsome father and opts for a husband who is quite contrary to her father.
That’s why they give every facility and freedom to their kids as long as the going is good. Question# 4 Describe the ways of the Victorian parents? Victorian parents were very strict with their children because they wanted to train them for the troubles of future. She has always seen her mother struggling hard in her life and she is fully conscious of her mother’s achievements. In those times marriages were not so uncertain and the parents stayed with their kids. she has objections on her smoking. She behaves very rudely to her aunt who contrives a plan to stop her from going out at night.
. there is no surety of marital relationship. Being an orthodox lady she is shocked to see her activities. So aunt Susan’s plan fails badly because she can’t detain Primrose from “going to the devil”. After upending the room upside down. She remarks adversely on everything that Primrose does. her lipstick and her routine of life. The economic conditions are uncertain. So Primrose is a nice kid from inside with a hard surface. So the technique of these two parents is quite different from each other corresponding to their subjective social conditions. She is a perfect London-girl…very modern in thoughts and actions. They treated their young kids harshly so that they should be able to face all the harsh situations later in life. Primrose comes to know of her aunt’s brilliant plan. She even remains indifferent to her aunt’s headache. Her actions show her as an irresponsible and unsympathetic girl but in fact it is not true. But the modern parents live an uncertain life. Question# 5 What is the difference between a career woman and a marrying woman? Primrose gives a very significant statement about career and marrying women. She tries to stop Primrose from going out at night and hides her bag. thus giving a proof of her mature mind. She has observed Primrose as an autonomous girl who is not in her mother’s control. She comes from a village to see her sister in London. Question# 3 Why does Susan hide her bag? Susan Merridew is Lucy’s sister and Primrose’s aunt. Her parent’s broken marriage has a deep impact on her personality and decisions. They treat their children lovingly because they don’t know what their kid would come across in their future. She chooses an ugly man for her husband because she looks at his inner beauty only. She admits that she isn’t a brainy person like her mother.Primrose. The economic security was present forever and the kids were going to be rich when they grew up. declaring herself “ a marrying women like aunt Susan”. the heroine of the play is a free and liberal girl. She threatens to spill her down on the floor and takes her bag that contains her only lipstick and her three-pound cash. She is old fashioned and likes to interfere in other people’s life. She is young. She likes to hangout with her friends in parks and nightclubs. Primrose is frantically trying to find it but Susan never gives any inkling to her. pretty and stylish.
She tried to conceal her true feelings of concern and exaggerated about the importance of her taxicabs. She doesn’t want to become a burden on anyone else like Lucy who is cheated and divorced by her handsome husband. She wants to be protected economically and socially by a man like aunt Susan who has a peaceful family with her caring husband and two obedient sons. She married a handsome man who cheated her. “ They mean more to you than I do”? So the distance and the difference of the basic principles of life brought the two main characters in conflict. While a marrying woman is one who doesn’t want to work independently. A career woman is a living protest against the necessity of marriage. Thus started the conflict between the mother and daughter. her unhappy marriage and her apparently spoiled daughter were the cause of her bitter tone. Instead of marrying another man she came out of her home and struggled hard to achieve a sound economic base and respectable status in the society. Primrose decided to marry her friend Clarice’s brother who was an ugly rugby player. Her young daughter was a constant reason of tension for Lucy. A career woman is one who likes to lead her life independently. She said that she fought life heroically but life fought back through Primrose.She says that she is not a career woman like her mother but is a marrying woman like her aunt Susan. Her daughter was much disappointed because she had been worrying about her mother’s reaction and asked disgustingly.
. Her daughter. Lucy didn’t give vent to her displeasure rather she assumed an indifferent attitude. Primrose decides to be a marrying woman because she has found the man of her dreams and looks forward to a hassle-free married life. Her father was a lady killer but John wasn’t. He was as different from her father Charles as two men could be. She worked her way through life with extreme hard work and conviction in her own abilities. She divorced him and was left alone with her little baby. She went through many crises but managed to sustain herself honourably. Question# 6 Why is Lucy so bitter about life? Lucy Aston was a young energetic lady. Lucy had a bitter experience with marriage and she wasn’t in favour of her daughter’s marriage within her heart. She didn’t say it outright but her attitude showed her displeasure.
Question# 7 What is the conflict between Lucy and Primrose? Lucy was a successful career woman who had given every type of freedom to her daughter. She disclosed her intention of marrying him quite unexpectedly. The tough conditions of her life. She was apprehensive about the future of any marriage. She had to perform dual duties. at home as well as in her business. Lucy wanted Primrose to remain unmarried while Primrose wanted to marry because she didn’t share her mother’s anti-marriage views. Her experience with the world wasn’t straightforward and pleasant. She refused to take alimony from her husband. She worked very hard to earn for herself and her little daughter.
She makes her own independent judgment. She says that if her marriage too is a mistake then it is a different mistake from one made by her mother. She asks Primrose to give her some time because she wants to talk to her but Primrose refuses. She reads novels and listens to music and likes to remain in the home. criticizes her use of lipstick and cigarette in the public street. Her aunt Susan asks her to give her some time. On the whole her character is a perfect delineation of a girl who belongs to a broken family and whose emotional needs are not fully satisfied. She has learnt from her mother’s bad experience and has avoided the blunder of falling for a handsome man. This statement shows her disturbed mental state because at that very day she is on the verge of making the most important decision of her life. she smoothes her hair before Lucy opens the door for Clarice. She hides her bag. Susan Susan is a fifty years old lady who comes from a village to visit her sister in London. She takes her to be a bad girl that in fact she isn’t. but she avoids it by saying. She is artificial and cares a lot about her appearance. But it doesn’t mean that she is a bad girl rather she proves herself a mature sensible girl by making a prudent choice for her husband. She can’t go out without lipstick. Primrose Primrose is a smart girl of twenty years. Her mother is against men and marriage but she is not influenced by her mother’s biased point of view.Question# 8 Draw character sketches of Primrose. She is sarcastic and often gives unpleasant remarks about things. She is pretty and takes care of her appearance a lot. as she will soon be disclosing the startling news of her marriage with John. She represents modern mentality where honour and manners are thought to be useless things. and Lucy. She maneuvers to keep her indoors because she thinks that Primrose is going to the Devil. Susan. “it isn’t easy to be Primrose”. She is very impolite to Clarice and makes fun of her nervousness. Susan is very intolerant and she doesn’t approve of any of Primrose’s action. She is living a peaceful life with her two immaculate sons and a husband with whom she can easily put up. She has her own specific views about every thing. she dismisses the traditional concept of honour and quotes Shakespeare who calls it “blowing bubbles”. She is an orthodox lady and wants her niece Primrose to stay in the limits of her own narrow morality. She talks about her habit of losing things and says that loss of a girl’s honour has nothing serious in it. She does everything that she wants… she likes to remain out a great deal. While talking to Lucy she gives contradictory remarks as first she calls her a “heroine” and then tries to make her believe that she has been wrong at many
. Primrose asks her aunt to unleash her views after listening about her decision to marry her friend’s brother. She behaves rudely with her aunt because her aunt is too interfering and she doesn’t wa nt to be the center of attention.
She had a sense of loss as her daughter grew up but she decided to take everything realistically. Though she was much concerned about her future and in her aside she threatened to shoot John if he wasn’t kind to Primrose but in Primrose’s presence she assumed an indifferent attitude. She brought her daughter up with much trouble. She gives evidence of her hypocrisy when she callously asks Lucy to disinherit Primrose and leave her money to the International Peace Society.
Posted by Fouzia Malik at 06:10 No comments: Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Pinterest ONE-ACT PLAYS
. Lucy Lucy was a good looking and capable lady of forty years. On the whole Lucy is a nice character that stands for the self assured working lady who decides to struggle in the face of disaster. She had a beautifully furnished home in London. She had her business of taxicabs and most of the time remained busy in her work. She doesn’t care about Primrose but tries to show herself as a philanthropic lady. She fell in love with a handsome man and married him but unluckily he cheated her. She had to create a balance between her career and her domestic duties. They didn’t express their true feelings even at the most critical moment of their lives when Primrose decided to marry and leave her mother alone. Gradually she established a vast business and owned three garages and too many taxicabs. she even took care of sending her to the school where most of the children were without one or the other parent. She couldn’t react properly when Primrose told about her decision to marry John. She praises Charles repeatedly in spite of the fact that he has proved himself as a perfect scoundrel. She blames Lucy that she has made her daughter a mess and that she is unable to control her. worried about the future of the world. At that time she only had a car that she hired out. She decided to divorce him and live an independent life with her baby-girl.occasions. She said she would have scrubbed the floors instead of receiving any assistance from her ex-husband. Her character highlights the problems and tragedies faced by a lonely working-lady. Overall Susan is a narrow-minded homespun lady who doesn’t understand the demands and ways of the modern times. She had a strong sense of self-respect and refused to take the alimony from her husband. She adopted a smoke screen behind which a loving mother was present to assure her daughter’s well being. Her business activities didn’t leave her with much time to spend with her daughter so they were not close to each other. She is talkative and interfering.
His attitude with Popova is very harsh and impolite that reveals his bear like nature. She has shunned every relation with the outside world and is confined to the four-walled grave of her room. People come and go but life goes on. pretension. Luka is very sincere to his mistress and has deep concern for her welfare. He rightly says that one cannot die with the dead. It is light heartedly presented to set focus on a deep social trend. He tells her that she was still young and beautiful and could easily settle down in her life by marrying a young officer. She should go out and see other people. She should take interest in life and its pleasures. She has a servant named Luka. All these claims of Popova prove flimsy and they collapse as soon as the very first man knocks at the door of her heart Question# 3
. He is haughty and boorish. So the title is meant to represent Mr. She is in mourning and is wearing black dress. So the bear may symbolically point towards the hero of the play. He tries to make her realize that she is wasting her life in a futile way. impertinent and totally uncontrollable animal. But at the end she accepts his love and is driven into his arms forgetting all her claims of love for her late husband and her proposed dislike for Smirnov… the bear. These words of Luka produce a very irritating effect on her and she asks him not to talk to her in that way because she can never think of leaving her husband’s memory and that she would remain true even to his grave. Smirnov is ill mannered and violent but at the same time he is a very passionate man. Smirnov and his true nature. Question# 2 What is Luka telling Popova? Popova is a young lady whose husband has died seven months ago. falsity and artificiality of the feudal class of his country. “The Bear” is one of his highly cherished comic works. This one–act play is written with the purpose of exposing the hypocrisy. Bear is thought to be a greedy. a bourbon! a monster. As the play starts in Popova’s drawing room. The title is ironic. “a coarse bear. The heroine of the play rebukes the hero and calls him.THE BEAR Anton Chekhov
Question# 1 Discuss the title of the play? Anton Chekhov is the most eminent Russian playwright who is universally regarded as the greatest Russian storyteller and dramatist of modern times. Luka is trying to convince his mistress to abandon her prolonged mourning and come out of her cocoon of so-called grief.
She said that he was a faithless and treacherous husband who had love affairs with many other ladies. He tells that he himself has a great experience with ladies and knows their true nature. He further
. she was a faithful wife who was loyal to her husband even after his death. She was in mourning only to show that unlike him. she revealed her views about her late husband. There was some of his money still unpaid so he came to get that money back. He comes to Popova’s house to get his money back that he has lent to her late husband. She wanted to show it to her late husband as well as to the world that she was an emotional and loving wife. He says that ladies are false and artificial… they hook a man by nose to fulfill their vested interests. Smirnov rightly mocked at her by saying that her mourning was just a false show and that she wanted to present herself as a mysterious and romantic “Tamara” before the world. While talking to her servant. But the reality contradicted all her claims of loyalty and show that how petty and artificial she was. Question# 4 What did Popova think of her late husband? Popova was married to Nicolai Mihailovitch. She remained in mourning for a long time and had shut herself in the four walls of her own room.Why did Smirnov come to Popova’s house? Popova was a young lady whose husband had died seven months ago. In the course of their discussion. He visited all his creditors but could not get anything. In response. Then he travelled seventy miles from his home to Nicolai Mihailovotch’s village. Popova. The ladies only make an outward show of their affection and never love anyone truly. who did not want to pay him anything. Question# 5 What were Smirnov’s views about ladies? Smirnov is a retired army officer and a respectable landowner of a nearby village. She had very adverse feelings about him. She said that he betrayed her. She had hypocritically simulated an outward show of love and loyalty when at heart she had some other motives. Popova holds the view that all the men are scoundrels and they exploit ladies for their own purposes. She cites the instance of her own late husband who has been cruel and disloyal. they start arguing about the character of ladies and men. Luka. made fun of her feelings and made love to other woman. After his death she discovered a whole drawer full of love letters. who died seven months ago. Her husband had been in the farm business and used to buy oats from a man called Smirnov. She broke every relation with the outside world. youth and life. He spoiled her money. He was in a desperate need of money because he had to pay the installments on his mortgaged land. Ladies easily shift their affection from one person to another. Thus ensued an exchange of bitter and cynical remarks that concluded at the decision of marrying each other. Smirnov badly ridicules ladies and their ways. There he was confronted with Nicola’s widow.
They both abuse each other in a harsh way. they reveal their true personalities before the reader or audience. He even goes further and criticizes Popova herself and makes fun of her mourning dress and her make up. She cries and faints in an artificial way. During their negotiations. Popova is shown in deep mourning at the start and she recalls her husband with inconsistent emotions. They can love a lap dog but not a man. calls him names and is ready even to shoot him. He also laughs at her for being locked up in her home. Although it begins with a sad note but its middle and specially its end is very sudden and surprising. Quite unexpectedly they accept each other as life partners. She treats her guest very rudely and starts a proper brawl with him…. She vehemently asserts her loyalty with her late husband but in the same breath she unlocks a profound bulk of complaints against him. Question#7 This play is a criticism on the hypocritical attitude of upper class. The heroine of the play is an affected lady who tries to give an artificial show of modesty and innocence. He expresses his love in his natural insolent style and proposes her. This play revolves around two characters that accidentally come face to face. Both belong to the landed gentry of Russia…both are single. his main concern being the hypocrisy of feudal class and the pragmatism of newly emerging economic sector. Smirnov makes fun of Popova and the ladies in general while Popova condemns men. She pretends to dislike him but at heart she
. All these remarks show that he has very negative views about ladies. On the other side Popova is in a conflict…she doesn’t want to lose Smirnov but at the same time she doesn’t want to shun her ostentatious ima ge of a faithful widow.says that ladies behave like crocodiles and they shed tears to attract and trap a man. Smirnov comes to her home to get his money back. She is all in all a hypocrite because she exploits her husband’s death as an occasion to affirm herself as mysterious goddesses of devotion and fidelity. He needs money to pay the interest on his mortgaged land other wise that may be confiscated but Popova can not do so as her steward isn’t in the town and she herself has no spare cash. They decide even to shoot each other. Smirnov is shown without a wife while Popova’s husband has died seven months back. They go through a disagreement on matter of the payment of some money. He feels like breaking her head and she calls him very offensive names. But… wit hout any forewarning. Finally she turns away from her pretension and is driven into his arms. Discuss Chekhov often uses the drama to reveal the variety of attitudes in the society. Here starts a fierce verbal war…they criticize each other. wicked and cruel. “Where are you going”. Smirnov falls in love. Question# 6 What is the end of the play? This play presents a blend of contradictory situations. They are soft from outside but from inside they are very cunning. She oscillates between “yes” and “no” asking him to go at once and then shouting.
He goes too far in his demand of money and uses even abusive words and threatening manners. He is in dire need of money because he has to pay the interest on his mortgaged land. They only make outward show of love by crying and fainting while men give all the sacrifices in love. He says that a lady doesn’t know what the love and sufferings are. A little earlier he has given very adverse remarks about love and behaviour of ladies but he takes no time in practically refuting all that he has said earlier. In spite of his apparent hard surface he proves to be a very passionate man at the end. He takes his indictment further and says that women can easily shift their affection from one lover to another but they can truly love their lapdogs only. Then quite unexpectedly he goes on his knees offering his hand to the lady he was about to shoot moments ago. has
. She represents the ladies of upper class who have dual personalities and hide their true self in the curtain of false show of humility and devotion. He is rude in handling a lady…loses temper and childishly challenges her to fight a dual with pistols. He even makes Popova a prey of his criticism and exclaims in a stinging way. Their true motive is ease and material comfort but apparently they take many sham stances. He is a Russian landowner who has previously been a lieutenant of artillery. So he can’t be called a successful businessman. ill mannered and can’t control his temper. Smirnov is an inconsistent person who too.cherishes tender feelings for him. He is rude. All these factors point towards the superficial life style of upper class where it is very hard to differentiate between real and false. He is agitated and disappointed. like Popova. they even capitalize the circumstance caused by some loved-one’s death. He ridicules them by calling them “softer sex” in a sarcastic way. He rebukes all his debtors in an agitated way. People are heartless and pragmatic. wavers badly in his manners. but you haven’t forgotten to powder your face!” This is a very serious denunciation of women folk. He is violent and hyperactive… breaks too many of Popova’s chairs. But at the end forgets all about money and interest. they only enjoy the impatience of their lovers and try to hook them hard by nose. “you may have buried yourself alive. His character been delineated in a realistic but compassionate way. He is not physically described but his actions and manners show him to be an energetic fellow. Question# 8 sketches of: a) Smirnov b) Popova
Smirnov Grigory Stepanovitch Smirnov is a vibrant and striking comic figure. Her attitude is full of contradictions…she says “yes” and “no” at the same moment. He goes to all the people who are in his debt but none of them pays anything to him rather they take him non seriously. If he fails to pay the money he may lose his land. He needs money but he at once forgets all about it and falls in love. He keeps very bad opinion about women and thinks them to be false and trivial. Even he behaves with Popova in a very impolite manner and makes fun of her mourning.
She bluntly tells Smirnov that she can’t pay him money unless her steward is back. She takes Smirnov’s insult of ladies very seriously and retorts with spirit. She unrealistically longs to bury herself alive but the very first person. she meets. He had love-relations with other ladies and made fun of her feelings. He used to leave her alone for weeks and wasted her money on other ladies… but she wants to show his soul that she is not like him. She criticizes all men a nd specially her late husband. multi dimensional character. shatters her so-called idealism and she readily agrees to marry a well to do land lord. He expresses his love in an unusually rude way but is accepted by his counterpart who too possesses an equally pulsating personality. Thus it will not be an exaggeration to say that Smirnov’s character cannot be easily erased from the memory of the reader or audience. She doesn’t try to understand his problem and goes on blowing the trumpet of her critical “state of mind” due to mourning. bear! bear”. He tells Popova that there has been a time when he used to love and suffer like a young boy. She is hypocrite in her attitude. She never enjoyed good relations with her husband who used to betray her. She is not a good housekeeper as none of her servants except Luka is available to her. Now he claims to have left all these things and has taken a vow not to love a lady any more… but he cant stand by his guarantee and falls in love with Popova. She uses very rough language and calls him. She is very careful about her looks and doesn’t forget to apply cosmetics even in her mourning. She treats her late husband’s friend very roughly who is under her roof as a guest. She has shut herself in the four walls of her room. three times he has fought duals on account of ladies.
. She doesn’t hesitate to start verbal row with a stranger and talks to him in an angry manner. She pretends to be much moved at her husband’s death but infact it is not more than eyewash. She is a courageous lady and couldn’t be subdued by Smirnov’s aggressive manners. He is trapped in the snare of her dazzling looks and her courageous dynamic attitude. Her husband has died seven months ago and she has vowed not to go out and see other people in her extended mourning. he has spent his emotions and money on such things. She tries to prove herself as a faithful wife. Popova Popova is a pleasantly conceived. “bear. She is willing to fight with him and brings her husband’s pistols though she has never held a pistol in her hand before. He says that her good looks will be finished in some years and then she will have to live a miserably lonesome life. All have gone out without her knowledge. She reacts strongly and is not ready to listen anything against her mourning but soon she forgets all of this and decides to marry again. Her servant Luka tries to make her realize the reality that she may lose her chances in life by such an unrealistic attitude of cutting herself off from everyone else. and nine have refused him. “with roses in her cheeks”. She is young and very beautiful. She is a very rude and ill-mannered lady. He has refused twelve women.He has a vast experience of love.
But the bond of soul is bound to prosper. When the bombshell hits Simon and he gets injured the little willow present in his kit is also smashed. Posted by Fouzia Malik at 06:03 1 comment: Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Pinterest The Little willow Frances Tower
Question # 1 Discuss the title of the story? This is a touching tale of an unexpressed love. Their drawing room was very graceful and exotic in its appearance. A little willow made of jade and crystal becomes the symbol of their silent love. Charlotte was a stage decorator. On the whole she is an enjoyable figure who never fails to amuse the reader though she has some negative aspects too. This tree becomes the symbol of his beloved Lisby who silently runs like deep waters but never shows any ripples on the surface. Their love is sacred like a candle burning in a hermit’s cave whose flashes never go out but it brightens the whole world with its suppressed light. charlotte and Lisby lived in the “Courthouse” in the suburb of London. as his death is to bring the expression of his deep love for Lisby. At last she discreetly decides in favour of Smirnov and is ready to get married again. They were very brilliant girls with their exquisite taste and mannerism. she doesn’t want to let him go but can’t immediately decide to stop him. It is the outward emblem of the union of two quiet but extremely beautiful souls. She moves back and forth in her desire to be loved and her ambition to be called a faithful widow. The strength of unrequited love gives depth and width to the idea of life and existence. So the title of the story is the symbol of the relation of love and its nature. A young quiet girl falls in love with a war-beaten soldier who comes to her home and kindles the deep and compassionate relation of love in Lisby’s naïve heart. She burns with the heat of Simon’s love but never lets any spark out in front of him or anyone else. Question # 2 Portray the setting of their drawing room? Brenda. The walls
. writers and soldiers.She is in conflict when Smirnov proposes her. They had superb friends like artists. Her beauty and vigour make her a treat for the reader and audience. On Simon’s departure Lisby gives him the most precious thing that she owns…a little willow tree “for luck”. painters. He keeps it as a token of his love with himself even on the war front. Their love bond is physically broken as Simon is going to die.
weddings and tragedy. They were all glitz and glamour while she was like a silent mignonette. she would give company to him. Lisby liked Simon Byrne for the intricacy
. death. She thought about many famous paintings like “La Belle Ferroniere”. She was an unusual girl in her attitude. Her sisters were physically valued but she was spiritually deep and exalted. there were number of photographs arranged in a mysterious fashion. Question # 4 How was Lisby different? Lisby was the youngest Avery sister. On the grand piano. They were the phenomenal ladies with all the charms and manners of beauty and love. They played with the hearts of young men. The elder sisters were like powerful electric lamps but Lisby was silent and serene like the soothing moonlight. “Piero Della Francesca” and El Greco’s “Christ in the Temple”. the three sisters were waiting for their stories to unfold with different tinges of love. She liked that picture for its holiness. She did not have a poetic imagination of herself and was very recessive. his cup of hemlock. Charlotte was a stage designer while Brenda was an expert in playing piano. The boys coming in to their home fell victim to one or the other elder miss Avery. According to Simon a dark picture in a bright room gave it a spiritual worth and quality. as a teacher. The two elder sisters were extraordinarily seductive. They always lured the boys and made them captive of their magnetism. It was a rug woven by some Balkan peasant perhaps. While the youngest sister Lisby was not that expressive and imposing. romance. She was not as dynamic and vivacious as her two elder sisters were. When people came to their home she did not try to impose herself on them rather she would remain silent and detached. She had spent her first term salary. She had superb artistic taste as she had insisted forcefully on hanging the smoky old painting of an Angel in their bright room.were painted in white bright colour with reflections of colours clearly striking on the walls. They were a brilliant host that’s why in the wartime their house had become a place of refuge for many young men who came on vacations from the front. But if her elder sisters were neglecting a guest. Charlotte her eldest sister complimented Lisby by calling her as serene and deep as the moonlight while she compared herself and Brenda with arc lamps. Question # 3 What was the important feature of those girls? The sisters portrayed in “The Little Willow” were exceptionally charming and talented. on buying a beautiful willow tree that was made of jade and crystal. They were not the modern girls but were the type of girls who had always been… a man’s rose of beauty. They had superb friends and were very creative by nature. Amid all this dramatic and romantic setting. Tables and shelves were stacked with a large number of books on varied subjects. She remained silent most of the time. There was a thick black hearthrug in the middle with pink roses printed on it. Over the fireplace a dark smoky painting of some old master hung and gave a strangely unusual look to the otherwise bright room.
He was not sure about her because Simon had not even named her. He had something to tell… but to whom …he didn’t know. Question # 5 Analyze the relation between Simon and Lisby? Charlotte’s friend brought Simon Byrne to their home in his vacations and after that he used to visit that house time and again. It was he who at once judged the spiritual worth of a smoky painting in a bright room that had amazed Lisby too. Question # 6 Who was Captain Oliver? After the war Charlotte got married to Richard Harkness and Brenda was engaged to Gerald. He praised her willow tree not for its outward beauty but for the concept behind it. He was a doctor and had been in the same camp where Simon was a prisoner. Thus Lisby was a different girl a perfect heroine for the tragedy and romance connected to war times. he was deeply moved by Brenda’s piano playing. Lisby too always thought about him though ironically. He belonged to South Africa and was not acquainted with anyone in London. The music was meant to ensnare him in Brenda’s love but he praised the music but remained indifferent to the musician who on her side used to claim that Simon was in love with her though it was not true. She did not value his status or any other factor but she liked him spiritually. He had been with Simon at the time of his death and had his confession of love to be delivered to his unidentified beloved. Captain was a handsome lad and Brenda was trying desperately to get his
. she used to expect a letter from him to Brenda. the last thing that he had spoken about was the confession his love for Lisby. The relation of Lisby and Simon was quite unobtrusive as Lisby was never sure of his feelings for her or her own feelings for him. The coolness and glitter of that willow tree struck his heart as it had stricken Lisby’s heart that fell in love with it in an antique shop.and passion of his personality. The things that made Simon laugh made her laugh too though others did not even notice those things. He told her that when he had been lost in the desert he dreamt of willow and water. He used to hum the tunes that had been haunting Lisby’ s mind for several days. It was only because of her that such a painting was left hanging there. He was a silent and reserved person. Captain Oliver too came on their wedding. They had the same spiritual frequency level that joined their hearts. They regarded love as something sacred and exalted so they never spoke of it even to each other and he went away without knowing about Lisby’s feelings. He loved art and music. Similarly. He never said a single word about his love neither did Lisby ever utter anything. Their love relation was intriguing and complex exactly corresponding to their specific personalities. But in the depth of his heart he knew that Lisby was his sweetheart. A friend of Richard Harkness. On the day of his death. She never expressed her love for him in words but expressed it through her eyes and her gesture of giving away her most treasured willow tree to him.
but unlike the realities of life”. “The Little Willow” creates an ice-chilled. When Simon was about to depart after his vacations and Lisby came out to see him off. Simon keeps the willow as a token of Lisby’s love that gives him solace and strength before and at the time of his death. He told Lisby that he wanted to confide something in her because she seemed the most apt person to him. He expressed his deep soft feelings for her. he promised that he would try to come in spirit if not in flesh and he had fulfilled his promise.” A fantasy is about life. His wound was very grave and it later became the cause of his death. His soul was there with its love and intensity of his passion for the little silent girl of his own sort. He told Oliver that his beloved had given him a little willow tree that was shattered when the shell got him. he wisely made a decision. and sometimes of death. Their relation itself is incredible but the display of different human emotions by the
. perfect in his faith in love and thus defeats death with the power of his sacred love. This short story is of course a fantasy in which a young soldier develops feelings of friendship for a female panther that too feels strong attachment with him. Posted by Fouzia Malik at 05:58 No comments: Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Pinterest A Passion in the Desert Honore de Balzac
Question # 1 Discuss this story as a fantasy? A fantasy means a play of the imagination to present the action. At the night before his death he talked to captain Oliver and dictated a letter to his mother in his usual poetic style. sometimes of quietude.attention but he was a different man. He dies a whole man. This was a painful reality for Lisby who came to know about her first love through a third man and that too after the death of her lover. He told her about Simon’s last days when he got injured i n an attack and was made a prisoner in Germany. characters and setting that are “impossible under ordinary conditions or in the normal course of human events. Oliver asked him about anyone else thinking that the memory of his beloved will soothe him a bit. The death made his love eternal. In the start he is afraid of her but later they develop a master-pet relationship and his fear is diminished to a great extent. The panther lives in the desert and is very happy to see another living creature near itself. At this Simon said blissfully that there was a girl who never knew… she was his girl. cool atmosphere. frosty. After much deliberation. The soldier runs away from the custody of Arabs and takes refuge in her cave. solemnity.
galloping at full pace. He took a scimitar and a gun and jumped over a horse. friendship. He was tired of the terrible conditions in the desert and his fear of death had been decreased a lot. On the way. One night they tied the hands of the soldier and all of them went to sleep. a tiger. When he got up the next morning. Question # 3 Describe the initial encounter of the soldier with the female panther? Due to fatigue. Question # 2 Who was the soldier? The hero of the story was a twenty-two years old French soldier who was part of Napoleon Bonaparte’s military excursion in Egypt. He was unable to see clearly in the dark cave so he didn’t know what creature was lying besides him. without daring to make the slightest movement. The cave had some signs of having been used by some other person some time before because there was a tattered piece of rug lying there. The Arabs made him captive and took him to the desert with them. It was nearly midnight when his sleep was disturbed by a loud sound of an even but strong breathing nearby. He contracted his eyes and saw two tiny yellow lights blazing in the darkness. So the panther and her love transport us to an ideal land where there is no danger of wild animals but the natural feeling of insecurity present in the human heart leads the soldier to kill his companion. He hugged a palm tree and started crying because of his lonely dejected state. the soldier instantly fell asleep in the cave. The story reminds the reader of William Blake’s poet ry where lions and wolves shelter and protect the little children. Luckily he was able to spot a cave in the rock nearby and it was good enough to spend a hot day of desert in it. It spread far and wide like an unending sea with the scorching sun shining overhead. He started walking in a very low spirit. This story looks an exaggerated presentation of the tool of “pathetic fallacy”. the sun was hot and tremendous heat was being emitted from the granite rock. He endured the cruel torture.panther looks even more marvelous. After some time the moon rose and he was able to see a great panther lying in the den. and an urge for companionship. He went inside to sleep. his horse died because of fatigue and he was left to himself. Was it a lion. The immensity and brutality of the desert was steadily killing him. She shows the emotions of love. inches away from him. But then he got up and tried to find some sheltered place. He tried to cut a palm tree to shelter the facade of the cave but he couldn’t do so. They travelled constantly to escape from the French army and took rest only at nighttime. This was a vital chance for the soldier to run away and he instantly availed it. Thus it becomes a permanent regret in his heart. At the end she even displays the strong reaction due to the feelings of jealousy. He got up in a very low morale. and thus started his incredible tale of adventure and passionate camaraderie. noting every variation of the breathing close to him. The spots on its
. or a crocodile? His fear was tremendous as his ignorance led him to imagine all terrors at once. He reached an oasis after the sunset and carelessly slept on a granite rock under a palm tree. the boundless desert was fearsome for him.
stretched her body and yawned….body were clearly visible and it was curled up like a big dog. and her eyes grew gentle and she uttered a soft voice showing its pleasure and it started purring like a cat. On sunrise the panther suddenly opened her eyes. “Mignonne” and soon she started responding to this name. But then he thought that he might have been killed by the Arabs when he tried to escape the day before yesterday. he stealthily came out of the cave one night and tried to escape. staring into her eyes in order to magnetize her. At first he was afraid of her presence and his previous knowledge about such wild animals wasn’t encouraging either. She was living alone in that desert and was happy to have a nice loving companion. Thus. As was already planned. But he looked at her caressingly. She looked at him with soft loving eyes and behaved like a little cat that tried to get her master’s attention by all means. She was an extremely jealous girl and often threatened to hit him with a knife. He was greatly enamoured by her beauty and her coquettish manners. then with a movement both affectionate and gentle he passed his hand over her whole body. he could see the bloodstained muzzle and paws of the panther that meant it wasn’t hungry at least at that time.. This was the language of affection that she understood and lost her ferocity. the soldier’s courage was at its lowest edge. took hold of his collar and pulled him out of the madly whirling sand. At dawn. Suddenly her eyes fell on the soldier and she sta rted staring at him steadily without moving. So he thought to give himself a chance and wait till morning. She quickly came ahead. from head to tail. When she came closer to him he tried to caress and pamper her. The rigid lustrous eyes made him shudder. so he took himself as good as dead already and waited bravely for his enemy’s awakening. at that very time a quicksand surrounded him and his life was in danger. Twice he placed his hand on dagger so that he could cut her head off but felt that it wasn’t that easy and to miss would be to die for certain. He didn’t know what to do ag ainst such a gigantic enemy. She liked to
. Her name was Virginie but he used to call her lovingly by the name of “Mignonne”. He happened to reach in a female panther’s den and gradually forged an affectionate association with her. He thought of shooting it with his gun but the distance between them was so little that the muzzle of gun extended beyond the animal…and… if the animal woke up!. Question # 4 Describe the relationship and attachment of two diverse creatures of God? The destiny brought two diverse creatures of God in close contact in the wilderness of a desert. especially when the animal walked towards him. she came to like the soldier and had been tamed. He could hear his own apprehensive heart that was beating very loudly.… The thought made his limbs rigid. She behaved like a lovely girl that’s why her movements reminded him of his beloved back in France. the soldier too had developed a liking for her. This brought him back to her and he accepted it as his fate. But he hadn’t covered much distance when he saw her running after him at full speed. Unluckily. The animal waved its tail voluptuously. He tried to make the panther answer to the name. It was an extremely powerful and beautiful female panther. In wartime a French soldier fled away from Arabs who had captured him.
In her annoyance she gently caught hold of his leg. The attitude of the boss was also very peculiar. she behaved like his girlfriend Virginie and visibly she was jealous of the intruder who had deprived her of her lover’s attention. He said ruthlessly that a spot of whiskey would help him recall all that he had forgotten… and indeed the whiskey warmed up his brain enough that he recalled what he was to tell the boss. He praised the new furniture. Their relation had become very intimate and deep. Her eyes flashed like lightening and she obviously was annoyed. neglecting his feline beloved for a moment. Surprisingly. He used to visit the boss who was his friend. He even called the office as a very comfortable place. The boss was five years older than Woodifield but he enjoyed a good health while Woodifield’ health was really in a precarious condition. giving a cry that froze his heart. as he loved to hear his things praised specially by the old Woodifield. He saw her dying but still looking at him with gentle loving eyes without any anger.play with him. he could interpret all the modes of her voice and her moods. Since then he had been restless and wandering through many countries but he claimed that he had never seen anything like the desert and its sultana. The changing expression of her eyes wasn’t a meaningless thing for him anymore. The boss offered him whiskey that was dangerous for his life. Posted by Fouzia Malik at 05:56 No comments: Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Pinterest The Fly KATHERINE MANSFIELD
Question # 1 Who was Woodifield? Why did he come to see the boss? Woodifield was an old man who was living a retired life. the soldier got frightened and thought that she would devour him. One day he saw a big eagle hovering on his head and was fully attentive to him. and wanted to be gently stroked by his hands. At that day he was sitting in boss’s office and was very impressed of the new setting of his off ice. He told him that his girls had been to Belgium to visit the grave of his son who
. He wanted to tell the boss about something but his old brain was unable to recall it. she rolled over. In panic he plunged his dagger into her throat. All through his life he regretted his act of killing her who was so majestic and so loving. Then after a day. carpets and the heating apparatus. Woodifield suffered from serious sort of diseases that’s why his wife and daughters kept him locked up in the home except at the Tuesdays when he was allowed to go to the city and see his friends. he was rescued by a group of army men who found him crying besides her dead body. Now the soldier regretted his act heavily and wanted to bring her back to life at any cost. His family didn’t even let him drink lest it should do some irreparable harm to his health.
Moreover his attitude was extremely friendly to all the people. The fly was absolutely intimidated. He wanted to develop his business for his son’s sake and expected him to step into his shoes soon. It was about to fly when the boss had an idea and dropped a large drop on the newly cleaned minute body of the fly. The boy was the most treasured entity for his father but in the war he was killed like a fly by the immoderate ambitions of politicians. He was killed in Belgium and was buried there. He had claimed that the time could never curtail his grief. His grief had no bounds and he started crying even by thinking about him. it took hold and waved its wings. He looked at the boy’s picture. So death of his dear son was the tragedy of the boss’s life and it corresponds to the title of the story fully. The fly started drying itself. He had a son who was a very charming boy and all the efforts and hard work of the boss was for him. “ Wars are the trade of kings” who solely opt for their own vested interests and regard the common people as merely the fuel for war. picked the fly out of the ink. But then the war started and all the young men had to go there. The process of drying it self started from the beginning though it was slower in pace now. The boss admired the courage of the
. The girls told that the Belgian government kept the graveyard nicely. He worked very hard to establish and flourish his company. This made the boss very sad and dejected as it reminded him of the untimely and tragic death of his own son. hope and planning of the boss were erased from the world like a useless word written by a senseless little kid. The inkpot was slippery and the little fly could not climb up. Every one liked him and had high hopes for his future. So the boy of the boss also went to Belgium with British troops and unluckily he could not come back. Question # 2 What was the tragedy of boss’s life? The boss was a thriving man who had a very successful business. The aspirations. He was dejectedly thinking about his sad condition when he saw a fly that had been dropped in a broken inkpot and was desperately trying to come out. The fly remained still for fraction of a second but soon its legs started to wave slowly. The time is of course a healer and it unobtrusively tramples over all human woes due to its profound velocity. and shook it onto a piece of blotting paper. But then very painfully it dragged itself forward. Question # 3 What did he do to the fly and why? When Woodifield had gone out. The boss seized a pen. That day when Woodifield had talked about his son’s grave visited by Woodifield’s daughters the boss was overwhelmed with grief and he wanted to cry but he was astonished to realize that he could not cry. He actually brought him to his office and the boy started learning the work. even then he could not shed a single tear. The boy was a brilliant learner and he understood the work very quickly. It was the greatest shock of the boss’s l ife who could never even think of any such possibility.was killed in the war with the boss’s son. stunned and afraid to move because of what would happen next. the boss tried to recall his son and cry but he was unable to weep. It was impossible for him to imagine any life without his son.
The whole universe is under a colossal power. The fly was vulnerable and insignificant in face of the calamity that befell it but it struggled hard to battle with the chaos though the fate won and the little fly was perished. The world gives woes and the time applies a soothing balm on these wounds. Then what happened?……… Before it could flap its wings.
. they kill us for their sport”. The story has been based on the famous lines of Shakespeare. After a long struggle it had again successfully beaten the crisis but was very timid and weak. So the fly symbolically stands for man and the boss stands for the controlling powers of the universe that don’t respect emotions and planning of a man. Finally the little fly was again able to gather itself and the laborious task of drying had been completed. But he was amazed to see the front legs waving again. The reality is very cruel and it doesn’t show mercy to anyone… all have to face it. which is very indifferent and uses death as its tool. “ As flies to the wanton boy are we to the gods. She herself was suffering from tuberculosis and was crushed like a fly by the hulking command of Death and fate. So the story presents a subtle event to demonstrate the theme and the whole plan of human existence on the planet earth. Death spares none. This is the theme of the story and the boss exactly behaves like a wanton boy and heartlessly kills a little fly. That time the movements of fly were extremely weary but even then it collected itself and the process of getting out of the catastrophe started again. The author illustrates a fatalist outlook that proves a m an’s helplessness before the uncontrollable authority of destiny. The boss threw its corpse into dustbin and soon forgot all that he had done to it. The boy in the story too was treated in a heartless manner by Providence. Man moves on and forgets everything. The gods of fate and circumstances had as callously killed the boss’s son as he had killed the fly. old or young. another heavy drop fell on its tiny body. It actually proved to be the last drop as there was no life left in the little fly. The life and time travel so quickly ahead that a man has to leave the previous sorrows to accept the new ones.fly that was not ready to admit the defeat. He felt much pity for the tiny creature and he breathed over it to help it dry itself. The boss thought that it was all over. The boss decided that it would be the last drop and he again dipped the pen in inkpot. But the thesis is not complete unless we go deep into the story.