structural analysis solution manual

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structural analysis solution manual

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2009 by R.C. Hibbeler. Published by Prentice Hall, Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. This material is protected under copyright

laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

1-1. The oor of a light storage warehouse is made of

150-mm-thick cinder concrete. If the oor is a slab having a

length of 3 m and width of 2.4 m, determine the resultant force

caused by the dead load and that caused by the live load.

From Table 13,

DL (150 mm)(0.017 kN/m

2

/mm(2.4 m)(3.0 m) 18.4 kN Ans

From Table 14,

LL (6 kN/m

2

)(2.4 m)(3.0 m) 43.2 kN Ans

From Table 13.

DL (3.78 kN/m

2

)(3 m) + (0.57 kN/m2)(3m) 13.1 kN/m Ans

3 m

1-2. The building wall consists of 200-mm clay brick. In the

interior, the wall is made from 50 mm 100 mm wood studs,

plastered on one side. If the wall is 3 m high, determine the

load in kN per meter of length of wall that the wall exerts on

the loor.

13. The second oor of a light manufacturing building is

constructed from a 100-mm thick reinforced-stone concrete

slab with an added 75-mm cinder concrete ll as shown. If

the suspended ceiling of the rst oor consists of metal lath

and gypsum plaster, determine the dead load for design in

Newtons per square meter of oor area.

100 mm concrete slab

ceiling

75 mm cinder fill

From Table 1 3.

100 mm reinforced stone slab 100(0.023) 2.30 kN/m

2

75 mm cinder concrete 75(0.017) 1.28 kN/m

2

Plaster and lath 0.48 kN/m

2

Total p 4.06 kN/m

2

Ans

2

2009 by R.C. Hibbeler. Published by Prentice Hall, Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. This material is protected under copyright

laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

14. The hollow core panel is made from plain stone

concrete. Determine the dead weight of the panel. The holes

each have a diameter of 100 mm.

175 mm

300 m

300 m

300 m

300 m

300 m

300 m

3.6 m

W = (22.6 kN/m

2

)[(3.6 m)(1.8 m)(0.175 m) 5(3.6 m)(p)(0.05 m)

2

]

= 22.4 kN Ans

200 mm

200 mm

150 mm

150 mm

150 mm

375 mm

500 mm

375 mm

3

2009 by R.C. Hibbeler. Published by Prentice Hall, Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. This material is protected under copyright

laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

17. The second oor of a light manufacturing building is

constructed from a 125-mm-thick stone concrete slab with an

added 100-mm cinder concrete ll as shown. If the suspended

ceiling of the rst oor consists of metal lath and gypsum

plaster, determine the dead load for design in kN per square

meter of oor area.

100 mm cinder fill

125 mm concrete slab

ceiling

From Tables 1 2 and 1 3,

125-mm concrete slab (22.6)(0.125) 2.825

100-mm cinder ll (17.0)(0.100) 1.700

metal lath & plaster 0.48

Total dead load 5.0 kN/m

2

Ans

*18. The T-beam used in a heavy storage warehouse is

made of concrete having a specic weight of 19.6 kN/m

3

.

Determine the dead load per meter length of beam, and the

live load on the top of the beam per meter length of beam.

Neglect the weight of the steel reinforcement.

A = 900(150) + 200(500) + 300(250) = 310 000 mm

2

DL = (310 000 10

6

m

2

)(19.6 kN/m

3

) = 6.08 kN/m Ans

From Table 1 4,

LL = (11.97 kN/m

2

)

900 mm

1000 mm/m

900 mm

900 mm

200 mm

250 mm

150 mm

300 mm

19. The beam supports the roof made from asphalt shingles

and wood sheathing boards. If the boards have a thickness of

38 mm and a specic weight of 7.86 kN/m

3

, and the roofs

angle of slope is 30, determine the dead load of the roong

per square meter that is supported in the x and y directions

by the purlins.

3O

puilin

shealhing

shingles

r = 0.40 kN/m

2

r

x

= (0.40) sin 30 = 0.20 kN/m

2

Ans

r

y

= (0.40) cos 30 = 0.35 kN/m

2

Ans

Weight per square meter = (7.86 kN/m

3

)

38 mm

1000 mm/m

= 0.30 kN/m

2

From Table 1 3

Shingles = 0.10 kN/m

2

Total p = 0.40 kN/m

2

4

2009 by R.C. Hibbeler. Published by Prentice Hall, Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. This material is protected under copyright

laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

a) For ground floor column:

L = 1.45 > 0.5 L

O

= 0.96

F

F

= 1.45(20.25) = 29.46 kN

F

g

= F

F

+ F

R

= 29.46 + 20.25 = 49.71 kN Ans

b) For second floor column:

F = F

R

= 20.25 kN Ans

Tributary area A

T

= (4.5)(4.5) = 20.25 m

2

F

R

= 1(20.25) = 20.25 kN

Since K

LL

A

T

= 4(20.25) > 37.2

Live load for second floor can be reduced.

L = L

O

(0.25 +

4 57 .

K A

LL t

)

L = 1.92(0.25 +

4 57

4 20 25

.

( )( . )

= 1.45 kN/m

2

110. A two-storey school has interior columns that

are spaced 4.5 m apart in two perpendicular

directions. If the loading on the flat roof is estimated

to be 1 kN/m

2

, determine the reduced live load

supported by a typical interior column at (a) the

ground-floor level, and (b) the second-floor level.

*112. A four-storey office building has interior

columns spaced 9 m apart in two perpendicular

directions. If the flat-roof loading is estimated to be

1.5 kN/m

2

, determine the reduced live load supported

by a typical interior column located at ground level.

Floor load:

L

O

= 2.40 kN/m

2

A

t

= (9)(9) = 81 m

2

L = L

O

(0.25 +

4 57 .

K A

LL t

)

= 2.40(0.25 +

4 57

4 81

.

( )

) = 1.21 kN/m

2

% reduction =

1 21

2 40

.

.

= 50% > 40% (OK)

F

g

= 3[1.21 kN/m

2

)(9 m)(9 m)] + 1.5 kN/m

2

(9 m)(9 m) = 415.5 kN Ans

1.11.

a) F

g

= 2[(36 m

2

)(1.21 kN/m

2

)] + (36 m

2

)(1.5 kN/m

2

)

= 141.2 kN Ans

b) F

2F

= (36 m

2

)(1.21 kN/m

2

) + (36 m

2

)(1.5 kN/m

2

)

= 97.6 kN Ans

111. A three-storey hotel has interior columns that

are spaced 6 m apart in two perpendicular directions.

If the loading on the flat roof is estimated to be 1.5

kN/m

2

, determine the live load supported by a typical

interior column at (a) the ground-floor level, and (b)

the second-floor level.

A

t

= (6)(6) = 36 m

2

L

O

= 1.92 kN/m

2

L = L

O

(0.25 +

4 57 .

K A

LL t

)

=1.92(0.25 +

4 57

4 36

.

( )

) = 1.21 kN/m

2

*1.12.

5

2009 by R.C. Hibbeler. Published by Prentice Hall, Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. This material is protected under copyright

laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

y

x

z

3 m

1.35 m

2.4 m

1.8 m

6

2009 by R.C. Hibbeler. Published by Prentice Hall, Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. This material is protected under copyright

laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

q

1

0.613K

z

K

z1

K

d

V

2

I

0.613K

z

(1)(1)(40)

2

(0.87)

q

15

0.613(0.85)(1)(1)(40)

2

(0.87) 725 N/m

2

q

20

0.613(0.90)(1)(1)(40)

2

(0.87) 768 N/m

2

h 15 +

1

2

(7.5 tan 10) 5.16 m

q

h

725

5 16 4 6

768 725

6 1 4 6 . . . .

q

h

741 N/m

2

External pressure on windward side of roof

p q

h

GC

p

h

L

= =

=

5 16

15

0 344

0 9 0 7

0 5 0 25

.

.

[( . ) ( . )]

( . . )

( 00 9

0 5 0 344

. )

( . . )

C

p

C

p

0.7752

p 741(0.85)(0.7752) 488 N/m

2

Ans

External pressure on leeward side of roof

[ . ( . )]

( . . )

( . )

( . .

0 5 0 3

0 5 0 25

0 5

0 5 0 344

C

p

))

C

p

0.3752

p q

h

GC

p

741(0.85)(0.3752) = 236 N/m

2

Ans

Internal pressure

p q

h

(GC

p1

) 741(0.18) 134 N/m

2

Ans

30 m

15 m

wind

A

B

C

D

4.5 m

7

2009 by R.C. Hibbeler. Published by Prentice Hall, Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. This material is protected under copyright

laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

30 m

15 m

wind

A

B

C

D

4.5 m

q

1

0.613K

z

K

z1

K

d

V

2

I

0.613K

z

(1)(1)(40)

2

(0.87)

q

15

0.613(0.85)(1)(1)(40)

2

(0.87) 725 N/m

2

q

20

0.613(0.90)(1)(1)(40)

2

(0.87) 768 N/m

2

q 4.5 +

1

2

(7.5 tan 10) 5.16 m

q

h

725

5 16 4 6

768 725

6 1 4 6 . . . .

q

h

741 N/m

2

External pressure on windward wall

p q

z

G C

p

725(0.85)(0.8) 493 N/m

2

Ans

External pressure on leeward wall

L

B

= =

15

30

0 5 .

p q

h

GC

p

741(0.85)(0.5) 315 N/m

2

External pressure on side walls

p q

h

GC

p

741(0.85)(0.7) 441 N/m

2

Ans

Internal pressure

p q

h

(GC

p1

) 741(0.18) 134 N/m

2

Ans

8

2009 by R.C. Hibbeler. Published by Prentice Hall, Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. This material is protected under copyright

laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

9

2009 by R.C. Hibbeler. Published by Prentice Hall, Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd. All rights reserved. This material is protected under copyright

laws as they currently exist. No portion of this material may be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without permission in writing from the publisher.

119. A hospital located in Chicago, Illinois, has a at roof,

where the ground snow load is 1.2 kN/m

2

. Determine the design

snow load on the roof of the hospital.

C

I

1.3

C

I

1.0

I 1.2

p

f

0.7C

I

C

I

Ip

g

p

f

0.7(1.3)(1.0)(1.2)(1.2) 1.31 kN/m

2

Since p

g

> 0.96 kN/m

2

, then use

p

f

I(0.96 kN/m

2

) 1.2(0.96 kN/m

2

) 1.15 kN/m

2

Ans

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