By: Paul O. Johnson
THE PARABLE OF THE SOWER
The Parable of the Sower:
Is a collection of sermons based on the first of seven
parables in Matthew chapter thirteen.
These parables are based on the teachings of the kingdom
of the heavens.
This is the teachings that concern the reason for the
calling out of the Church. These parables are to reveal the
mystery that relates the principalities and powers in
heavenly places which God proposed in Christ Jesus, our
Lord (Ephesians 3:1-12).
It is my intent that the reader of this booklet will allow the
seed (Word of the kingdom) to be rooted and grounded in
their hearts enabling them to be bearers of much spiritual
May your souls be richly blessed!
Special thanks to Mr. Arlen Chitwood, which is one of the
persons God, has used to inspire me in my writings on the
Kingdom especially with respect to the parable of the
Sower. Obtaining mature knowledge on the parable of the
Sower was made possible by reading his book “Mysteries
of the Kingdom”.
THE PARABLE OF THE SOWER
Parable comes from the Greek word parabole, a
compound word which means “to cast alongside.” A
parable by its own definition is a truth place alongside
something previously existing.
The use of parables is not to hide the mysteries, but to reveal
previously hidden existing truth (Matthew 13:34, 35) “All these
things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without
a parable spake he not unto them: That it might be fulfilled
which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my
mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept
secret from the foundation of the world.”
The parable of the Sower is clearly addressing the Kingdom of
Heaven. In verse 10 of the chapter 13, the disciples came and
said unto Him, why speakest thou unto them in parables?
Jesus answered them saying because it is given unto you to
know the mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven, but to them it
is not given.
It is clearly because of the Jews lack of faith in Jesus and
resulting in no fruit bearing why it was taken from them and
the mysteries was not revealed (Verse 12, 13). Therefore Jesus
speaks to them in parables because of their failure to
This is clearly explained in verse 14-16.
And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith,
by hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing
ye shall see, and shall not perceive: (15) For this people's heart
is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their
eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with
their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand
with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal
them. (16) But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your
ears, for they hear.
Matthew 13 can be seen as an opening up and unveiling of the
mysteries surrounding the kingdom of the heavens through
the use of parables.
The first 4 parables given in Matthew 13 (Sower; tares; mustard;
leaven), was given outside the house by the sea side (v1).
House in this chapter speaks to the people/person of God
(2Corinthians 5:1 – earthly house of this tabernacle; 1Peter 2:5 Ye
also as lively stones are built up a spiritual house).
Example: house of David-the people of David. However, those
whom it pertain to in this chapter are the Jews (Exodus 40:38).
The parable of the Sower looks out ahead to God’s activity
during an entirely separate dispensation, following the removal
of the kingdom from Israel and a new nation being brought
forth to bear fruit (Matthew 21:33-43). Israel, because of the
nation’s barren condition, was to be set aside for a
dispensation; and, throughout the dispensation, God would
deal with a different nation with respect to fruit-bearing and
the kingdom of the heavens.
This is the “holy nation,” a “peculiar people” to which Peter
referred, who “in time past were not a people, but are now the
people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have
obtained mercy” (I Peter 2:9, 10). This is the new creation “in
Christ,” taken from both of the former two creations (both Jew
and Gentile), though neither of the former two creations
(neither Jew nor Gentile) exists within this new creation
Dispensation – oikonomia (oy-kon-om-ee'-ah): administration (of a household
or estate) Strong's Expanded Greek-Hebrew Dictionary.
Dispensation in categories (Microsoft Encarta)
1. Exemption: exemption or release from a rule or obligation, especially a
religious one; special consideration, privilege, exemption, release.
2. Divine ordering: in Christian belief, a divine ordering or management
of affairs and events in the world
3. Religious epoch/history: the time during which a religious doctrine or
practice is believed to be in force.
“Outside the house by the sea side,” must be interpreted as Jesus
speaking to the Jews, however, those whom these four parables
pertain to was the recipients of the kingdom of heaven (Matthew
13 verses 1, 19; 21:42, 43).
“Outside the house by the sea side” reveals God’s plans for
setting aside His people (house-Israel Romans 10:19- “I will
provoke you to jealousy by them that are no people and by a
foolish nation I will anger you”) for a time, in order to call out a
nation to bear fruits (across the seas/world John 3:16,
Gentiles/uncircumcised Ephesians 2:11-13)
SEED SOWN BY THE WAYSIDE
Matthew 13:3-4, 18-19 3“And he spake many things unto them
in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow; 4And
when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls
came and devoured them up.
“Hear ye therefore the parable of the sower. 19When any
one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it
not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that
which was sown in his heart. This is he, which received seed by
the way side.”
“The Sower” in the parable is identified in the explanation to
the second parable as the Son of Man, a Messianic title (v. 37;
cf. Psalm 8:4-6; Daniel 7:13, 14; Matthew 16:13-16). And also,
in this explanation, the place where the sowing occurs is
revealed to be in the field, in the world (v. 38). In the parable
itself, the sowing occurs different places in the field, different
places in the world.
The seed which is sown is the Word of the kingdom: Mark 4:14
– The sower soweth the Word; Luke 8:11 – The seed is the
Word of God. This seed (Word) is sown in the hearts of
There is the view that the seeds are individuals, this is based
on the following parable: the parable of the tares. Matthew
13:38a states that “The field is the world; the good seed are
the children of the kingdom”. This parable have to do with the
sowing of those individuals whose heart received the Word of
the kingdom on good ground and have been given based on
their fruitfulness, a field in which to minister therein.
This must not be confused with the parable of the Sower as
this would contradict that which is explained in the other
books surrounding the same parable of the Sower.
The Kingdom of Heaven can only be reached by the born again
This is quite clear in John chapter 3.
John 3:1-7 (1)There was a man of the Pharisees, named
Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: 2The same came to Jesus by
night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a
teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that
thou doest, except God be with him. 3 Jesus answered and
said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be
born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. 4 Nicodemus
saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he
enter the second time into his mother's womb, and be born? 5
Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be
born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the
kingdom of God. 6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and
that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 Marvel not that I said
unto thee, Ye must be born again.
One have to first believe on the Lord Jesus Christ (quickening
Spirit - Ephesian 2:1, 5; 1Corinthians 15:45) to see the
Kingdom of Heaven/God.
After we are saved (Spirit made alive) we have to be (5)born of
the water and the Spirit to enter into the Kingdom of Heaven.
5 After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash
(nípto- To wash some part of the body, as the face, hands or
feet) the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel
wherewith he was girded. 6 Then cometh he to Simon Peter:
and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet? 7
Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not
now; but thou shalt know hereafter. 8 Peter saith unto him,
Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash
thee not, thou hast no part with me. 9 Simon Peter saith unto
him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.
10 Jesus saith to him, He that is washed (loúso- To bathe
oneself, used of washing the whole body) needeth not save to
wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but
But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead
already, they brake not his legs: But one of the soldiers with a
spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and
We, who are washed (head to toe) by the blood of the Lamb
Jesus Christ, (it is finished) must wash ourselves by the water
by the Word (John 15:1-3; Ephesians 5:25-27), to remove the
contamination of sin to be found righteous to be His bride, thus
enter into His Kingdom.
So it is clear to surmise that the “ones sown by the wayside”
represents Christians who hear the Word of the Kingdom but
fail to understand the message due to the condition of their
heart. And their failure to understand the message allows the
“fowls,” representing “the wicked one [Satan],” to simple
come along and do away with the message, thus devouring
the person (vv4, 19; 1Peter 5:6-9)
6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God,
that he may exalt you in due time: 7 Casting all your care upon
him; for he careth for you. 8 Be sober, be vigilant; because
your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about,
seeking whom he may devour: 9 Whom resist steadfast in the
faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in
your brethren that are in the world.
The ground is level God is not partial. It is the condition of our
heart which reveals the type of ground. We have to prepare
our heart for the word and also meditate on the word day and
night so that we understand. In doing this, the “fowls” (Satan)
will not be able to catch away the message from our hearts
and we my friends will not be a cast away. Why, because you
and I will be rooted and grounded in the word/the knowledge
of the Kingdom of God.
As heirs of the coming kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus
Christ, who have been born again by the blood of the Lamb,
we need to allow the Word of God to be a lamp unto our feet
and a light to our path in order to enter into the kingdom of
As ye have therefore received Christ Jesus the Lord, so walk ye
in him: Rooted and built up in him, and stablished in the faith,
as ye have been taught, abounding therein with thanksgiving.
Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain
deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the
world, and not after Christ.
ONE WHICH RECEIVED INTO STONE PLACES
Matthew 13:5, 6 & 20, 21
Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth:
and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness
of earth: (6)And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and
because they had no root, they withered away. (20)But he that
received the seed into stony places, the same is he that
heareth the word, and anon (immediately) with joy receiveth
it; (21)Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth (last) for a
while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of
the word, by and by he is offended (offended- skandalizo,
Jesus is seen addressing those of whom the Kingdom of
Heaven/God will be given to 21vv42, 43. It is addressing the
new man in Christ of whom should be a holy nation bearing
much spiritual fruit (1Peter 2:9, 10), overcoming the desires of
the flesh and the wiles of Satan.
We, the body of Christ, have not all done so, we have walk
away from our calling and has become as those that the Lord
has taken the Kingdom from; barren and unfruitful.
The parable of the Sower addresses the different state of
being of a Christian’s heart whom makeup the body of Christ
and how they line up with the Kingdom of Heaven. The mature
Christians being the ones which received the seed in good
ground. However, we are addressing the ones which “received
the seed into stony places.”
In using the example of a farmer sowing seeds in his garden.
When he seeth his seedling started to appear he cannot
immediately rejoice, but patiently tends to its
development/mature to use it.
Some individuals of those of whom are of the body of Christ
received the word of the Kingdom and seek not to have
himself rooted in it. This result in their joy lasting for a short
while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of
the word by and by he is offended.
What is needed in our Christian pathway is faith in the coming
kingdom. This is clearly lacking in the example given of the
“ones sown in stony places”. We must take this engrafted
Word which is able to save our souls and used as the light that
is at the end of the tunnel. It is our faith in the Word of God
which concerns that heavenly land (Ephesians 2:1-7; 1Peter
1:3-9) that will enable us to face the tribulation and
persecution that arise.
1Corinthians 15:19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ,
we are of all men most miserable.
This Christian life is all about us moving from faith to faith
(Romans 1:17). It is for us to move from the means of our
salvation (Ephesians 2:8, 9) to that which will enable us to
fulfill our salvation (1Peter 1:3-9  faithfulness in Christ and
His coming kingdom).
My friends Satan will do all that he can to prevent Christians
from hearing the Word of the kingdom of Heaven, because it
deals with a period in which Christ and His co-heirs (Romans
8:14-17) will rule the earth from that coming day, instead of
Satan and His angels (Ephesians 6:12; Revelation 12:7-11).
5 For unto the angels hath he not put in subjection the world
to come, whereof we speak. But one in a certain place
testified, saying, What is man, that thou art mindful of him? or
the son of man, that thou visitest him? Thou madest him a
little lower than the angels; thou crownedst him with glory and
honour, and didst set him over the works of thy hands: Thou
hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he
put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put
under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him.
Satan will do all that he can to frustrate those of whom
possess this blessed truth; thus making their hearts that of
stone. He is seeking to prevent us from being rooted and
grounded in the word of God. It is for us to be rooted so that
we can withstand the fiery trial that awaits us.
Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which
is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto
you: (13)But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's
sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be
glad also with exceeding joy. (14)If ye be reproached for the
name of Christ, happy are ye; for the spirit of glory and of God
resteth upon you: on their part he is evil spoken of, but on
your part he is glorified.
James 1:21 — Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity
of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted
word, which is able to save your souls.
We need to purge ourselves of all that is in our hearts that is
able to make it stony and study God’s holy Word; hide it in our
hearts that we will be not ashamed but stand approved before
God and gain our entrance into His eternal rest.
Beware, remember that servant which knew his lord's will, and
prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, he shall
be beaten with many stripes. But he that knew not, and did
commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few
stripes. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be
much required: and to whom men have committed much, of
him they will ask the more. Luke 12:47-48
ONES FELL AMONG THORNS
Matthew 13:7, 20
And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and
choked them: He also that received seed among the thorns is
he that heareth the word; and the cares of this world, the
deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh
As individuals who have the seeds sown (Luke 8:11-The seed is
the word of God which concerns the Word of the kingdom) in
our hearts we need to make good on that which is sown. We
must not just hide God’s words in our hearts, but also keep our
hearts with all diligence and by extension that which have
been imparted unto us. We must do this to free our heart
(source and center of emotion, thought & will) from the
infiltration of thorns (cares of this world; deceitfulness of
Therefore brethren, we need to take heed lest we fall through
the infiltration of theses fleshy desires seen in verse twenty
Luke 8:14 shows another area of the flesh which is in the
category of thorns.
Luke 8:14 And that which fell among thorns are they, which,
when they have heard, go forth, and are choked with cares
and riches and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to
1 John 2:15-17
15 Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world.
If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
16 For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust
of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of
the world. 17 And the world passeth away, and the lust
thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.
It is of paramount importance that we as Christians/pilgrims on
our proofing ground that we constantly remind ourselves that
this world is not ours. The world is our means of qualification
to that which we are called to: the heavenly land (Ephesians
Therefore we ought not to love the world neither the things
that are in the world; all that is in the world are thorns which
will make us unqualified to enter into the kingdom of the
There is no reason for complacency, this will allow our fleshy
desires to gain control of that which we ought to keep with all
diligence (Proverbs 4:23), resulting in the subduing of the
Spirit of God/Word of God.
We cannot look back on our past, the hour draweth nigh. We
need to escape the influences of the world (cares, riches &
pleasures of life) and run the race, the Christ like race
advancing to perfection and gaining entrance into the kingdom
of the heavens.
We must seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness
and he will supply our present need and the blessings and
glory that awaits us in the heavenlies.
This should be our comfort when faced with our earthly need
for physical sustenance (food, shelter clothing, job, etc.). We
ought not to go out of the way of truth as our God will supply
all our needs according to His riches in glory by Jesus Christ
1Corinthians 15:58 – Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye
steadfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the
Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in
ONES SOWN INTO GOOD GROUND
Matthew 13:8, 23
But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an
hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.
But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth
the word, and understandeth it; which also beareth fruit, and
bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
Those sown “into good ground” represent individuals who hear
the word (23) they understood the word (Kingdom of Heaven)
and refuse to allow “tribulation or persecution” to deter them
as they progress toward maturity in the word; and they that
keep their eyes fixed on the goal out ahead, rather than on the
things of this present world system.
They hear, understand and grow in the word. Tribulation
persecution doesn’t stop them and they do not allow
themselves to become side-tracked by the “care of this age,”
the “deceitfulness of riches,” or “the pleasures of life.”
These are individuals who refuse to become entangled “with
the affairs of this life,” knowing that a crown lies out ahead for
those who “strive lawfully (2Timothy 2:4-5-No man that
warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he
may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier. And if a
man also strive for masteries, yet is he not crowned, except he
Thus, these are individuals who overcome and bring forth fruit.
These are individuals who overcome the world (1John 5:4), the
flesh (Rom. 8:13; Colossians 3:5), and the devil (James 4:7;
1Peter 5:9), rather than being overcome by one or all of the
three. And as a result, they bring forth fruit. They are the only
ones who do bring forth fruit among the four groups
mentioned, and they bring forth in varying amounts – “some
an hundred fold, some sixty fold, some thirty fold.”
These individuals are the ones who fulfill the purpose for their
very existence – bringing forth fruit where Israel had failed,
qualifying them to occupy positions with Christ in the coming
Kingdom of the heavens. These are the ones who will allow to
ascend the throne with Christ in that coming day, occupying
positions in exact proportion with their fruit bearing.
Israel had rejected Jesus as their king; He in-turn rejected
them from sharing in His kingdom because of such rejection
(Matthew 21:42-43). Israel because of their barren state was
unfruitful as the fig tree seen in Matthew 21:19. This is the
same fig tree that had leaves only but no fruit grow on it, thus
it was barred from bearing fruit for a season and it withered
away (Romans 11:1-5).
Israel did not heed the warning to repent as the kingdom of
heaven was at hand. This was the message that was preached
by John the Baptist (Matthew 3:2) and Jesus (Matthew 4:17).
Therefore the heavenly realm of the kingdom was taken from
Therefore the kingdom of God shall be taken from Israel, and
given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof; the fruit
bearing new man in Christ.
Positions in the Kingdom of Christ are to be earned, not passed
out in any type indiscriminate manner (Matthew 20:21-23).
Individuals appearing before Christ in that day, will receive
exactly what each through fruit bearing, has earned. Each will
receive “his own reward according to his labour” (1Corinthians
The word “reward” in the N.T. is from Greek word misthes
[Misthapodosia in Hebrews], which has to do with “payment”
or wages for service rendered. And this will be exact. The
payment will be exact proportion with service rendered.
Individuals bringing forth no fruit will receive payment. There
would have been no fruitful labour, and consequently wages
will be forth coming. Each will “receive a reward” (1Corinthians
3:14). There will be “a just recompense of reward [‘a just
payment, wages’]” (Hebrews 2:2; 11:26).
In the parable of the talents (Matthew 25), two servants put
their talents to usury and bear fruits and were rewarded with
rulership over cities in exact proportion to their respective
service vv19-23. However, the one which did not so, reward
was taken from him and He shall be punished vv28-30.
As it is in the scripture Hebrew 10:30, 31- For we know him
that hath said, Vengeance belongeth unto me, I will
recompense, saith the Lord. And again, The Lord shall judge
his people. 31 It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the
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