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4th form Test Acids, Bases, Salts, Period 3 elements and Chemical Bonding Name. 1.

A metal is placed in a dilute acid solution and there as rapid effer!escence. "hat T"# deductions can $e made from this o$ser!ation% A metal cannot $e copper, gold or sil!er and the acid is a ea& acid B metal cannot $e magnesium or 'inc and the acid is a strong acid C metal cannot $e copper, sil!er or golf and the acid is a strong acid ( the acid is a strong acid and no gas as produced ). *ni!ersal indicator as added to ethanoic acid and the solution turned orange. A fe drops of su$stance + as added and the solution then turned purple. "hat p, range is responsi$le for the orange colour and hat possi$le su$stance could su$stance + $e% A - . 3 and h/drochloric acid B 4 . 0 and calcium sulphate C 4 . 0 and sodium h/dro1ide ( 112 14 and sodium h/dro1ide 3. "hen ma&ing a sample of an insolu$le salt, the residue is rinsed ith distilled ater. "hich of the follo ing is the $est reason for doing this% A To produce more of the salt B To remo!e an/ impurities C To preser!e the salt ( To ensure the colour is hite 4. "h/ do elements react% To achie!e32 A an outermost shell of ) electrons B an outermost shell of 4 electrons C a filled outermost shell ( a shell containing 4 electrons 5. 6onic $onding occurs $et een A metal and metal B metal and non2metal C non2metal and non2metal ( metal, non2metal and semi2metal 0. 6n period 3, the elements on the left act as A non2metals B metals C semi2metals( inert su$stances 7. The ord amphoteric means A reacts ith acids onl/ C reacts ith $oth acids and $ases B reacts ith $ases onl/ ( reacts ith neither acids nor $ases

4. "hich of the follo ing elements in period 3 has the highest melting point% A sodium B siliconC chlorine ( sulphur 8. A su$stance is placed in an acid solution. The su$stance dissol!ed completel/ $ut no gas as produced. This su$stance is most li&el/ a9an32 A car$onate B metal C h/drogencar$onate ( o1ide

1-. :1cess solid is al a/s used hen a salt is $eing prepared $ecause32 A it ensures the salt is al a/s hite B it ensures that all the acid has $een used up C it ensures the reaction occurs ;uic&l/ ( it ensures the salt can $e filtered 11. To form an ionic $ond, hat MUST $e present% A molecules B oppositel/ charged ions C onl/ cations 1). "hich element in period 3 ould not conduct electricit/% A sodium B silicon C aluminium ( chlorine 13. A period 3 o1ide dissol!es in ater forming a solution ith a p, of 1). "hich of the follo ing period 3 elements it is most li&el/ to $e% A silicon B sodium C chlorine ( phosphorous 14. A period 3 o1ide reacts onl/ ith $ases. "hich of the follo ing period 3 o1ides BEST fits this description% A Al)#3 B S#) C <g# ( Na)# 15. acids = $ases .. = . A salt and h/drogen gas B salt and ater C ater and h/drogen gas ( salt and car$on dio1ide Ans er the ;uestions 10 2 14 $ased on the information gi!en $elo . Species Y+ contains 10 electrons and has a mass number of 23. 10. ,o man/ protons ould an atom of species += ould ha!e% A )3 B 11 C 1( 1) 17. "hat ould $e the electronic configuration of an atom of +=% A 1B ).4.4 C ).4 ( 4. ) 14. The num$er of neutrons present in an atom of += ould $e A )3 B 1) C 11 ( 118. 6onic precipitation, s/nthesis, acid = metal, acid = $ase, acid = car$onate are all methods used to prepare salts. *sing the a$$re!iations 6C, S+N, AC2<, AC2B and AC2C to represent the methods gi!en a$o!e respecti!el/, state the method of preparation of each salt. >4? a@ calcium sulphate... $@ magnesium sulphate . c@ copperA66@ sulphate d@ sil!er chloride )-. Tic& the formulae of !! su$stances not considered a salt NaCl Cu# <gAN#3@) Ca3AP#4@) C,3C##, N,4#, Na,S#4 E"# $% TEST 20 M &'S ( onl/ anions