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FUN SCIENCE

Why Science in English?
• Science in English gives children a chance to learn English within a context of another subject.

• Through Science, we can reinforce language and vocabulary, by applying a cross-curricular approach to our teaching.

.• Children do not only acquire vocabulary and language structures but also gain knowledge and understanding of scientific concepts while cognitive skills are tapped and developed.

.It should be recognized that internalization cannot simply involve direct transfer of “ways of talking” from social to internal planes: a step of personal interpretation or personal sense-making is also necessary (Leontiev 1981).

Science in the Spanish Curriculum • British and Spanish curricula share the same objectives. They aim to provide children with knowledge and understanding of physical and social phenomena that influence their lives. .

Geography and History are grouped in one subject known as Knowledge and Understanding of the World. The Science contents focus more on Biology rather than on Physics or Chemistry. The Spanish system puts emphasis on knowledge and study skills. It contains a broader content of information.• In the Spanish Primary curriculum Science. .

Children are taught to carry out experiments and draw conclusions from them. . Geography and History are two different subjects. More importance is given to Physics and Chemistry and they are taught mainly through investigation and experimenting.• In theBritish curriculum Science.

Illustrations . Making things 6. Exploring 5. Pattern Seeking 4. Research 7.Kinds of Investigation 1. Fair Testing 2. Classifying and Identifying 3. Observing.

. while all the other conditions of the experiment is maintained constant or the same.WHAT IS A FAIR TEST? A FAIR TEST is a type of scientific investigation where a condition (an independent variable) affects another variable (dependent variable).

.When scientific procedure is carried out by way of an experiment. it is important to teach students to record the experiment in a systematic and scientific manner.

.• An additional section for English language learners may be essential vocabulary. These are the words teachers consider important for students to have as active vocabulary. Active vocabulary is made up of words students know and use.

• There are six parts to recording experiments: .

Recording Experiments HYPOTHESIS PREDICTION MATERIALS PROCEDURE RESULTS CONCLUSIONS .

HYPOTHESIS: is a suggested explanation of a phenomena. an assumption .

PREDICTION: a forecast of what will happen based on the hypothesis .

MATERIALS: what is needed to carry out the experiment .

Connectives of chronology may be used in this section: First Next Then After Finally .PROCEDURE: series of steps to be carried out.

.RESULTS: the outcome of the experiment. This must be recorded carefully.

CONCLUSIONS: trying to explain the results in the light of their hypothesis and prediction .

Essential vocabulary are the important words students have to know. Key structures are the phrases or sentences helpful for students to learn in order to understand and explain the lesson. .

students can be presented with a chart to familiarize and get used to recording scientific experiments.• At the beginning. .

THOUGHT (hypothesis) Things I can vary or change (independent variable) .

Things I can measure or observe (dependent variable) .

Choosing Variables I will change: I will measure and observe: I will keep these the same: .

ASKING A QUESTION When I change (what I changed or independent variable) What will happen to (what I measured or dependent variable) ? .

Recording results First Drop Control papercopter Second Drop Third Drop Average drop Papercopter 2 (changed variable) .

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8. 5.Suggestions for Fair Test Experiments: 1. 2. Are our hands and feet all the same size? Which hand and foot do we use most? Are our eyes good at measuring? Which type of mat is best at keeping tea warm? Which toy car travels the furthest? Which ball is the bounciest? Which ear protector is best? Which is the strongest magnet? Which washing up liquid is the best stain remover? . 9. 4. 7. 6. 3.

Do people grow at the same rate? 20. Which bag is the strongest? 14. What is the best way to dry fabric? 13. Which paper is best for wrapping presents? 19. Do magnets attract everything? . Would baby bear’s porridge really cool the fastest? 16. Can seeds grow anywhere? 17. Which bag is the most waterproof? 15. Which is the best bubble mixture? 11.10. Which is the best glue? 18. Which sponge soaks liquid the best? 12.