TERMINOLOGIES

ordinarily designated pipe in applicable material specifications. separate. meter.TERMINOLOGIES :Pipe Pipe is a pressure tight cylinder used to convey a fluid or to transmit a fluid pressure. Materials designated tube or tubing in the specifications are treated as pipe when intended for pressure service. or any equipment excluded from Code definitions. control or snub fluid flows. Piping also includes pipe-supporting elements but does not include support structures. Piping: Piping is an assembly of piping components used to convey. foundations. distribute. discharge. such as building frames. mix. bents. .

TERMINOLOGIES Does it make any difference? .

TERMINOLOGIES Incompressi !e "ompressi !e .

gas ets. tubing. designed and assembled to serve a specific purpose. turbines. in-line portions of instruments and separators. valves and devices such as expansion !oints. bolting. tan s. Piping is typically round. strainers. Piping systems interface with. but exclude. Piping "omponents: Piping components are mechanical elements suitable for !oining or assembly into pressure-tight fluid-containing piping systems. ma!or equipment. such as boilers. fittings. pressure hoses.TERMINOLOGIES :Piping System Piping System is a networ of piping and any associated pumps. Components include pipe. pressure vessels. etc. flexible !oints. traps. flanges. . diesel engines.

$ranch connection. (educer. Pipe support.#eader %lange. &lbow. &xpansion loop.TERMINOLOGIES Piping Nomenc!at#re$ "omponents: "raphic of piping system illustrating . % . 'alve.

*ominal pipe si+e. $ranch fitting connection made to header by direct attachment of branch.TERMINOLOGIES Pipe system essentia!s: #eader )a e off Stub in $ranch reinforcement *PS Pipe support Main run of piping. these are typically nonlinear elements. $ranch run. $ranch fitting connection made to header by direct attachment of branch. . Support elements which serve to maintain the structural integrity of the piping system.

. Support provided by an element composed of a nonlinear./ x M. will change to a gas. damping element..ny vapour or gaseous substance. .TERMINOLOGIES Pipe system essentia!s: Spring support Support provided by an element composed of a spring assembly. Snubber &xpansible fluid #ydro test )est pressure . any liquid under such pressure and temperature such that when pressure is reduced to atmospheric.0P 1some of the time2 . these are linear support elements.

any liquid under such pressure and temperature such that when pressure is reduced to atmospheric.ny vapour or gaseous substance. will change to a gas. .0P M3M) &xpansible fluid Maximum allowable wor ing pressure Minimum design metal temperature .TERMINOLOGIES Pipe system essentia!s: M.

respectively. .*S4 $56. refer to Schedule 87 and Schedule 97.. up to maximum wall thic nesses of :./ in2.<./ mm 17.TERMINOLOGIES Pipe Sc&ed#!e: Pipe Schedules are designations of pipe wall thic nesses as given in .5. Standard and extra heavy 1extra strong2 pipes./ mm 17. . T# es: )ubes are generally small-diameter thin-wall pipes conforming to an appropriate national standard.merican *ational Standard 4nstitute.7./ in2 and . )ubes are to meet the same general requirements as pipes. where used in these sections.

elbows. globe valves.. tees. etc. etc. . (a!)es: )he term 'alve refers to gate valves. bends. Design Press#re: 3esign Pressure is the pressure to which each piping component of a piping system is designed. flanges.. which are used to control the flow of fluids in a piping system. which are used to !oin sections of pipe together. 4t is not to be less than the pressure at the most severe condition of coincidental internal or external pressure and temperature 1maximum or minimum2 expected during service.TERMINOLOGIES Pipe 'ittings: Pipe %ittings refer to piping components such as sleeves. butterfly valves.

by the wea est piping component in the system or by the relief valve setting. . in general. Design Temperat#re: )he 3esign )emperature is the maximum temperature at which each piping component is designed to operate.llowable 0or ing Pressure is the maximum pressure of a piping system determined. )he maximum allowable wor ing pressure is not to exceed the design pressure.TERMINOLOGIES Ma*im#m +!!o. 4t is not to be less than the temperature of the piping component material at the most severe condition of temperature and coincidental pressure expected during service.a !e -orking Press#re: )he Maximum .

. the design temperature is to be used to determine allowable stresses and material testing requirements. %or all piping. 4t is not to be higher than the temperature of the piping component material at the most severe condition of temperature and coincidental pressure expected during service. it may be ta en as the minimum fluid temperature. the design temperature is to include also the minimum temperature at which each piping component is designed to operate.TERMINOLOGIES Design Temperat#re: %or piping used in low-temperature application. %or the purposes of the (ules.

.viation fuel. diesel fuel. lubricating oil and hydraulic oil 1unless the hydraulic oil is specifically specified as non-flammable2 are all to be considered flammable fluids.TERMINOLOGIES '!amma !e '!#ids: . . regardless of its flash point. heavy fuel oil. To*ic '!#ids: )oxic fluids are those that are liable to cause death or severe in!ury or to harm human health if swallowed or inhaled or by s in contact.ny fluid. liable to support a flame is to be treated as a flammable fluid .

the vessel or its cargoes. are those possessing in their original state the property of being able through chemical action to cause damage by coming into contact with living tissues. excluding seawater. when escaped from their containment.TERMINOLOGIES "orrosi)e '!#ids: Corrosive fluids. Does )apo#r press#re make any difference? .

&ic& are gases at STP Most 2a3ardo#s . fluid can be liquid at the pipeline pressure but a gss at atmospheric pressure ex. Least 2a3ardo#s Non/ to*ic !i0#ids To*ic !i0#ids Non )o!ati!e f!amma !e !i0#ids (o!ati!e f!amma !e !i0#ids Non f!amma !e gases '!amma !e1To*ic gases '!amma !e1To*ic !i0#ids . =P".es it does .TERMINOLOGIES .

design pressure and temperature. fabrication and testing.<2. Pressure Class I P2 Class II P1 Class III T1 T2 Temperature .. as indicated in 1)able . &ach class has specific requirements for !oint design.TERMINOLOGIES "!asses of Piping Systems: Piping systems are divided into three classes according to service.

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