You are on page 1of 14
Torah : Vayikra 1:1-6:7 Haftarah : Yesha’yahu (Isa.) 43:21 -44:23 Brit Chadasha : Hebrews 10:1-14;
Torah : Vayikra 1:1-6:7 Haftarah : Yesha’yahu (Isa.) 43:21 -44:23 Brit Chadasha : Hebrews 10:1-14;
Torah : Vayikra 1:1-6:7 Haftarah : Yesha’yahu (Isa.) 43:21 -44:23 Brit Chadasha : Hebrews 10:1-14;
Torah : Vayikra 1:1-6:7 Haftarah : Yesha’yahu (Isa.) 43:21 -44:23 Brit Chadasha : Hebrews 10:1-14;

Torah: Vayikra 1:1-6:7

Haftarah: Yesha’yahu (Isa.) 43:21-44:23

Brit Chadasha: Hebrews 10:1-14; 13:10-16

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

The title of this week‟s parasha is Vayikra or „And He Called’. The root

word comes from H7121 ארק qara' kaw-raw'

A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications): - bewray [self], that are bidden, call (for, forth, self, upon), cry (unto), (be) famous, guest, invite, mention, (give) name, preach, (make) proclaim (-ation), pronounce, publish, read, renowned, say. to meet. Also a chance encounter. III. Read: To read a scroll in the presence of those called to a meeting. [freq. 883] (vf:

Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual) |kjv: call, cry, read, proclaim, name, guest, invite, gave, renown, bidden, preach, read, cry, call, befall, encounter, chance, happen, met, fall, meet, against, come, help, seek| {str: 7121, 7122, 7123, 7125}

E)  ( QRA) ac: Call co: Meeting ab: ?: A calling together for

assembly. V)  ( Q-RA) - I. Call : To call or call out, to call a

name or give a name. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Meet : To come together

2063.0 ארָקָ (q¹r¹°) I, call, call out, recite (read).

(2063a) ארֹקֵ

(qœr¢°) partridge (1Sam 26:20; Jer 17:11; Jud 15:19).

(2063b) אירִקָ (q¹rî°) called, summoned (Num 1:16; Num 16:2;Num 26:9).

(2063c) האיָ

רִקְ (q®rî°â) proclamation (Jon 3:2, only).

(2063d) ארָקְ מִ (miqr¹°) convocation. H4744 ארקמ miqra'

From H7121; something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the palce); also a rehearsal: - assembly, calling, convocation, reading. H4744 Strongs #4744: AHLB#: 1434-E (h)

mik-raw'

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14 1434)  (  QR) ac: Call co: Meeting ab: Event: The

1434)  ( QR) ac: Call co: Meeting ab: Event: The pictograph is a picture of the sun at the horizon and the gathering of the light, the is a picture of the head of a man. Combined these mean "gather the men". The meeting or bringing together of people or objects by arrangement, accident or purchase. (eng:

occur; call - with the exchange of the l and r) h m )  ( MQ-RA) - I. Meeting: A calling together to meet. II. Reading: The reading from a scroll at a called meeting. [freq. 23] |kjv:

convocation, assembly, calling, reading| {str: 4744}
convocation, assembly, calling, reading| {str: 4744}

In the opening statements of Vayikra, contained in the Stone‟s Edition Artscroll Tanach, we read that

“[T]he English language does not have a word that accurately expresses the concept of a Korban. The word „sacrifice‟ implies that the person bringing it is expected to deprive himself of something valuable— but God finds no joy in His children‟s anguish or derivation. „Offering‟ is more positive and closer to the markindeed, we use it in our translationbut it too falls far short of the Hebrew Korban. Does God require our gifts to appease Him or assuage His anger?

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

if you have acted righteously, what have you given Him?‟

(Job 35:7); God does not become enriched by man‟s largess (generous giving).

The root of the word

by man‟s largess (generous giving). The root of the word is „qura‟, to come near. The

is „qura‟, to come near. The person

bringing an offering comes closer to God; he elevates his level of spirituality. That is the true meaning of the word and the significance of the act.”

“Wherever the Torah speaks of the offerings, it uses the Four-letter Name of God that signifies His mercy. The offerings are the means He gives us to rejuvenate ourselves, to provide us a means to bring elevation and purity into our lives. It is when man serves God this way that he finds the offering to be a satisfying aroma.” (Artscroll Tanach, p. 243)

There‟s a tremendous lesson to be understood here beloved. As we desire to draw near unto The Father, we must seek His Kingdom and His Righteousness, not our own (Mt.6:33)His Way, not mine. And in so doing we discover in the Temple Service, the way He wants His people to draw near to Him was outlined in the sacrificing of the spotless pure animals without defect. All of this is well and good, but if we miss the heart of the meaning, then there‟s No Application.

What we need to understand is that the Sacrificial system designed and employed by The Father wasn‟t for Himself!

It was for man to have a way to DRAW NEAR TO HIM. YHVH

created a way for us to be involved in the process of drawing near.

Another point to bring to bear: The Father met Moshe‟ and spoke to him from inside the Tent of Meeting.

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

Also called the Tent of Communion, The Ohel Moed actually means The Tent of Appointed Time and Place of Meeting. This should remind us of one of the important principals YHVH is continuously teaching His people. And that is that He‟s established Time and Space, and therefore since He created these two dimensions for creation to operate within, He desires us to move, to gather, and to rest according to His Appointed Feasts, His Holy Miqras, or Rehearsals. We are identified, as spoken by Apostle Paul in 1Corinthians chapter six, to be a Temple of His Ruach HaKodesh, or Holy Spirit. He does the saving, but He‟s created us to apply His word to our lives by virtue of the fact that He created us to be appointed unto good works (Eph. 2:10). David Stern in his commentary on the Jewish New Testament points out that „[m]ere mental ascent to doctrines or to the fact of Yeshua‟s Messiahship is not sufficient for salvation, for Ya‟akov (the book of James)

says, 26 Indeed, just as the body without a spirit is dead, so too faith without actions is dead. (Jam 2:26 CJB)

„A favorite saying of the Rav was: „In the Olam Haba (the world to come) there is neither eating or drinking…but the righteous…get their enjoyment in the glory of the Sh‟khinah, as it says, [spec. verse 11] (Stern, p.451). 9 Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, 10 and they saw the God of Israel; and under His feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself. 11 Yet He did not stretch out His hand against the nobles of the

sons of Israel; and they beheld God, and they ate and drank.

(Exo 24:9-11 NAS)

I share this with you because the Tent of Meeting in Moshe‟s day was built to allow man the opportunity to be involved with building a place where the presence and the Glory of YHVH could dwell. He provided Israel with everything they needed and more (Gold, Silver, Copper, Jewels, yarn, Linen, Acacia wood, The Spirit of Wisdom to craft the items on the blueprint). And when it was done, according to His Word, it was stunning,

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

and His presence descended upon the Ohel Moed, down into the Holy of Holies directly atop the Ark of the Testimony; and His presence was so thick, so heavy that no one could enter! But since we‟re talking about „offerings‟

DOES GOD NEED A RAM? DOES HE NEED A BULL? HOW ABOUT A GOAT, OR A PIGEON? A LAMB? ~NONE OF THE ABOVE~

We read at the beginning of this week‟s parasha, chapter one, verses 1 & 2 (Locate & to be Read Aloud).

Here is where we are introduced for the first time in scripture a new word for offering. Up until now we have witnessed several types mentioned earlier, and actually all of the ones mentioned in this parasha have been previously mentioned toowhich should alert us to somethingwas YHVH‟s method of drawing near through the sacrificial system revealed first here in the book of Vayikra once the Tabernacle had been built?

Turn to The Scriptures: Gen.4:3 (Offering/Minchah). Gen.22:2 (Offering/Olah). Exo.29:14 (Offering/Chattath).

CJB Hebrews 10:1 For the Torah has in it a shadow of the good things to come, but not the actual manifestation of the originals. Therefore, it can never, by means of the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year after year, bring to the goal those who approach the Holy Place to offer them. 2 Otherwise, wouldn't the offering of those sacrifices have ceased? For if the people performing the service had been cleansed once and for all, they would no longer have sins on their conscience. 3 No, it is quite the contrary- in these sacrifices is a reminder of sins, year after year.

4 For it is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats

should take away sins.

5 This is why, on coming into the world, he says, "It has not been your will to have an animal sacrifice and a meal offering; rather,

6 | P a g e

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14 you have prepared for me a body . 6 No, you have not

you have prepared for me a body. 6 No, you have not been pleased with burnt offerings and sin offerings. 7 Then I said, 'Look! In the scroll of the book it is written about me. I have come to do your will.'" (Heb 10:1-7 CJB)

Pointing out here in Hebrews we confirm that which we already know to be true, and that is that the blood of bulls and goats cannot take away sins. Because all of the sacrificial system established by YHVH was only a „Shadow of the Good Things to come!‟ (Heb.10:1).

But what it does teach as pointed out by the writer of Hebrews, who is actually referring back to the Tanach in this passage to the Psalmist‟s prayer in the 40 th psalm, that these things that we DO are reminders & opportunities YHVH has created to afford us the opportunity to experience deeper intimacy with Him! Let‟s briefly examine the fortieth Psalm:

6 Sacrifice and meal offering

Thou hast not desired; My ears Thou hast opened;

Burnt offering and sin offering

Thou hast not required.

7 Then I said, "Behold, I come; In the scroll of the book it is written of me;

8 I delight to do Thy will,

O my God; Thy Law is within my heart." (Psa 40:6-8 NAS)

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

In the book of Hebrews we read in chapter 10 verse 5, “You have prepared for me a body. Stern in his own commentary again reveals “the line differs significantly from the second line of the Hebrew text translated above, which is, literally, “You have dug my ears (Psa.40:6),‟ and is usually understood to mean that God has opened this person‟s ears so that he will be able to hear The Torah better and thus be better able to carry out its commands [ Shema]…for the point on both is that the person is entirely ready to do God‟s will and obey his Torah” (You Have Prepared for Me a Body, p.703)

The point beloved to all of this is to say that as we explore these various sacrifices, none of them could take away sin, YHVH had created the sacrificial system FOR MAN, to impress upon our heart that we fall short of YHVH‟s HOLY Standard, but that He has given us a shadow of the better things to come, that being of Messiahwho is our spotless and pure Lamb who according to the writer of Hebrews tells us,

Heb 10:10 “By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: But this man (Yeshua), after he had offered one

***sacrifice for sins***

for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; (Heb.10:10-12)

He offered One Sacrifice for Sinswhat are we to gain from this? Yes Yeshua offered One Sacrifice for Sins, so we no longer have to continuously offer the blood of bulls and lambs and rams to atone for our sins. But if we refer to the text of the portion there are several types of offerings are there not? So, what are the different types of sacrifices? Lets observe:

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

2 "Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When any man of you brings an offering to the LORD, you shall bring your offering of animals from the herd or the flock. 3 'If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer it, a male without defect; he shall offer it at the doorway of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the LORD. (Lev 1:2-3 NAS)

that he may be accepted before the LORD. (Lev 1:2-3 NAS) ±œlâ . Burnt offering, burnt

±œlâ. Burnt offering, burnt sacrifice. ASV and RSV similar. This noun occurs 286 times in the OT. The usual explanation for the common rendering "burnt offering" is that the smoke from the offering goes up or ascends to God. However, since there are other sacrifices which were burned, it seems probable that there is some further concept involved in the use of ±œlâ to describe this sacrifice. The key appears to be that alone among the Israelite sacrifices the ±œlâ is wholly burned, rather than partially burned and eaten by the worshipers and/or the priest. Thus, the whole animal is brought up to the altar and the whole is offered as a gift (minµâ, q.v.) in homage to Yahweh. Whole offering would be a better rendering in English to convey the theology of the ±œlâ. It is indeed burned, but the burning is essentially secondary to the giving of the whole creature to Yahweh.

9 For when they went up unto the valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Israel, that they should not go into the land which the LORD had given them.

10 And the LORD'S anger was kindled the same time, and he sware, saying,

11 Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed me:

12 Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son of Nun: for they have wholly followed the LORD. (Num 32:9-12 KJV)

9 | P a g e

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

35 Them hath he filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of work, of the engraver, and of the cunning workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of them that do any work, and of those that devise cunning work. (Exo 35:35 KJV)

2 And he shall bring it to Aaron's sons the priests: and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar, to be an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD:

And the remnant of the meat offering shall be Aaron's and his sons': it is a thing most holy of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.

And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

5 And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in a pan, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil. (Lev 2:2-5 KJV) [Both Abel and Cain offered a minµâ to the Lord (Gen 4:4-5). But whereas it is said of Abel that he offered the choicest portions of the animals to the Lord, an act reflecting his heartfelt commitment to him, it is merely said of Cain that he offered a minµâ from the fruit of the ground. The Lord rejected this formality. Cain's lack of true submission (note also his bloodless sacrifice) issued finally in sinful behavior (Gen 4:7ff). R.L.H.] These uses of minµâ indicate that the term does not mean an animal sacrifice in the specific sense.

H4503

Strongs #4503: AHLB#: 1307-A (h1)

1307) ( NHh) ac: Guide co: Rest ab: ?: The pictograph is a picture of a seed representing continuance, the is a picture of a wall that separates the inside from the outside. Combined these mean "continue outside". The shepherd would guide his flock to a place of water. Here is water for drinking as well as

The shepherd would guide his flock to a place of water. Here is water for drinking

3

4

10 | P a g e

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

green grass for pasturing. Once the flock arrives, they are free to rest after the long journey. A guided journey to a place of rest. A sigh of rest. (eng: night - from the German nocht, as the time of rest)

h f1 ) ( MN-HhH) - Gift: What is brought to another. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [freq. 213] |kjv: offering, present, gift, oblation, sacrifice, meat| {str:

4503, 4504} KJV Psalm 23:1 <A Psalm of David.> The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. 2 He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters (Psa 23:1-2 KJV)

H5148 החנ nachah naw-khaw'

A primitive root; to guide; by implication to transport (into exile, or as colonists): - bestow, bring, govern, guide, lead (forth), put, straiten.

H5148

Strongs #5148: AHLB#: 1307-H (V) 1307) ( NHh) ac: Guide co: Rest ab: ?: The pictograph is a picture of a seed representing continuance, the is a picture of a wall that separates the inside from the outside. Combined these mean "continue outside". The shepherd would guide his flock to a place of water. Here is water for drinking as well as green grass for pasturing. Once the flock arrives, they are free to rest after the long journey. A guided journey to a place of rest. A sigh of rest.

arrives, they are free to rest after the long journey. A guided journey to a place

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

Lev.3:3

H8002

םלשׁ

Shelem sheh'-lem From H7999; properly requital, that is, a

(voluntary) sacrifice in thanks: - peace offering.

N m )  ( Sh-LM) - I. Complete: A state of being whole, complete or full. Also an offering of restitution or payment. II. Shelam: A greeting as a desire for completeness to another. [Aramaic only] [freq. 118] |kjv: perfect, whole, full, just, peaceable, peace offering, peace| {str: 8001, 8002, 8003}

14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us; (Eph 2:14 KJV)

Lev.4

H2403

האטּח

chatta'ah chatta'th khat-taw-aw', khat-tawth'

From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty, occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender: - punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin (-ner, offering).

תאטּח

Lev.5

H816

םשׁא

םשׁא

'asham 'ashem aw-sham', aw-shame'

A primitive root; to be guilty; by implication to be punished or perish: - X certainly, be (-come, made) desolate, destroy, X greatly, be (-come, found, hold) guilty, offend (acknowledge offence), trespassive

Lev.1:1-6:7

Isa.43:21-44:23

Heb.10:1-14

Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

H816

Strongs #816: AHLB#: 1473-C (V) 1473)  ( ShM) ac: Breathe co: Breath ab: Desolate: The wind, or breath, of someone or something is its character. C)  ( AShM) ac: ? co: ? ab: Guilt: One with a character of wrongdoing. V)  ( A-ShM) - Guilt: [freq. 35] (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) |kjv:

guilty, desolate, offend, trespass, destroy, faulty, offence| {str: 816}

Only Yeshua can be our Asham Sacrifice, because only He can forgive sins (Heb. 10:12)

Examine the Paleo of the Asham Sacrifice:

The Father willed His Name to take our sins!

9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:

10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;

11 And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.

12 Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.

13 For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure. (Phi 2:9-13 KJV)

3 Grace be to you and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus Christ, 4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:

(Gal 1:3-4 KJV)