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Torah: Vayikra 1:1-6:7

Haftarah: Yesha’yahu (Isa.) 43:21-44:23
Brit Chadasha: Hebrews 10:1-14; 13:10-16
Lev.1:1-6:7 Isa.43:21-44:23 Heb.10:1-14

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The title of this week‟s parasha is Vayikra or „And He Called’. The root
word comes from H7121 ארק qara' kaw-raw'
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting
a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used
in a wide variety of applications): - bewray [self], that are bidden, call (for,
forth, self, upon), cry (unto), (be) famous, guest, invite, mention, (give)
name, preach, (make) proclaim (-ation), pronounce, publish, read,
renowned, say. to meet. Also a chance encounter. III. Read: To read a
scroll in the presence of those called to a meeting. [freq. 883] (vf:
Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Pual) |kjv: call, cry, read, proclaim, name, guest,
invite, gave, renown, bidden, preach, read, cry, call, befall, encounter,
chance, happen, met, fall, meet, against, come, help, seek| {str: 7121, 7122,
7123, 7125}

E) [Ü~ (N¨¡ QRA) ac: Call co: Meeting ab: ?: A calling together for
assembly. V) [Ü~ (N¨¡ Q-RA) - I. Call: To call or call out, to call a
name or give a name. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Meet: To come together

2063.0 א ָ ר ָ ק (q¹r¹°) I, call, call out, recite (read).
(2063a) א ֵ רֹק (qœr¢°) partridge (1Sam 26:20; Jer 17:11; Jud 15:19).
(2063b) אי ִ ר ָ ק (q¹rî°) called, summoned (Num 1:16; Num 16:2;Num 26:9).
(2063c) ה ָ אי ִ ר ְ ק (q®rî°â) proclamation (Jon 3:2, only).
(2063d) א ָ ר ְ ק ִ מ (miqr¹°) convocation. H4744 ארקמ miqra' mik-raw'
From H7121; something called out, that is, a public meeting (the act, the
persons, or the palce); also a rehearsal: - assembly, calling, convocation,
reading. H4744 Strongs #4744: AHLB#: 1434-E (h)
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1434) Ü~ (¨¡ QR) ac: Call co: Meeting ab: Event: The pictograph ~ is a
picture of the sun at the horizon and the gathering of the light, the Ü is a picture of
the head of a man. Combined these mean "gather the men". The meeting or
bringing together of people or objects by arrangement, accident or purchase. (eng:
occur; call - with the exchange of the l and r)
h
m
) [Ü~x (N¨¡C MQ-RA) - I. Meeting: A calling together to meet. II.
Reading: The reading from a scroll at a called meeting. [freq. 23] |kjv:
convocation, assembly, calling, reading| {str: 4744}







In the opening statements of Vayikra, contained in the Stone‟s
Edition Artscroll Tanach, we read that

“[T]he English language does not have a word that accurately
expresses the concept of a Korban. The word „sacrifice‟ implies that the
person bringing it is expected to deprive himself of something valuable—
but God finds no joy in His children‟s anguish or derivation. „Offering‟ is
more positive and closer to the mark—indeed, we use it in our translation—
but it too falls far short of the Hebrew Korban. Does God require our gifts
to appease Him or assuage His anger?





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‘if you have acted righteously, what have you given Him?‟
(Job 35:7); God does not become enriched by man‟s largess (generous giving).
The root of the word is „qura‟, to come near. The person
bringing an offering comes closer to God; he elevates his level of
spirituality. That is the true meaning of the word and the significance of the
act.”
“Wherever the Torah speaks of the offerings, it uses the Four-letter
Name of God that signifies His mercy. The offerings are the means
He gives us to rejuvenate ourselves, to provide us a means to bring
elevation and purity into our lives. It is when man serves God this
way that he finds the offering to be a satisfying aroma.”
(Artscroll Tanach, p. 243)

 There‟s a tremendous lesson to be understood here beloved. As we
desire to draw near unto The Father, we must seek His Kingdom and
His Righteousness, not our own (Mt.6:33)—His Way, not mine. And
in so doing we discover in the Temple Service, the way He wants His
people to draw near to Him was outlined in the sacrificing of the
spotless pure animals without defect. All of this is well and good, but
if we miss the heart of the meaning, then there‟s No Application.
 What we need to understand is that the Sacrificial system designed
and employed by The Father wasn‟t for Himself!
 It was for man to have a way to DRAW NEAR TO HIM. YHVH
created a way for us to be involved in the process of drawing near.
 Another point to bring to bear: The Father met Moshe‟ and spoke to
him from inside the Tent of Meeting.







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Also called the Tent of Communion, The Ohel Moed actually means
The Tent of Appointed Time and Place of Meeting. This should
remind us of one of the important principals YHVH is continuously
teaching His people. And that is that He‟s established Time and Space, and
therefore since He created these two dimensions for creation to operate
within, He desires us to move, to gather, and to rest according to His
Appointed Feasts, His Holy Miqras, or Rehearsals.
We are identified, as spoken by Apostle Paul in 1Corinthians chapter
six, to be a Temple of His Ruach HaKodesh, or Holy Spirit. He does the
saving, but He‟s created us to apply His word to our lives by virtue of the
fact that He created us to be appointed unto good works (Eph. 2:10).

David Stern in his commentary on the Jewish New Testament points out
that „[m]ere mental ascent to doctrines or to the fact of Yeshua‟s
Messiahship is not sufficient for salvation, for Ya‟akov (the book of James)
says,

26
Indeed, just as the body without a spirit is dead, so too faith
without actions is dead. (Jam 2:26 CJB)

„A favorite saying of the Rav was: „In the Olam Haba (the world to come)
there is neither eating or drinking…but the righteous…get their enjoyment
in the glory of the Sh‟khinah, as it says, [spec. verse 11] (Stern, p.451).
9
Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of
the elders of Israel,

10
and they saw the God of Israel; and under His feet there
appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself.

11
Yet He did not stretch out His hand against the nobles of the
sons of Israel; and they beheld God, and they ate and drank.
(Exo 24:9-11 NAS)

I share this with you because the Tent of Meeting in Moshe‟s day was
built to allow man the opportunity to be involved with building a place
where the presence and the Glory of YHVH could dwell. He provided Israel
with everything they needed and more (Gold, Silver, Copper, Jewels, yarn,
Linen, Acacia wood, The Spirit of Wisdom to craft the items on the
blueprint). And when it was done, according to His Word, it was stunning,
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and His presence descended upon the Ohel Moed, down into the Holy of
Holies directly atop the Ark of the Testimony; and His presence was so
thick, so heavy that no one could enter! But since we‟re talking about
„offerings‟

DOES GOD NEED A RAM? DOES HE NEED A BULL? HOW
ABOUT A GOAT, OR A PIGEON? A LAMB?
~NONE OF THE ABOVE~

We read at the beginning of this week‟s parasha, chapter one, verses 1 & 2
(Locate & to be Read Aloud).

Here is where we are introduced for the first time in scripture a new
word for offering. Up until now we have witnessed several types mentioned
earlier, and actually all of the ones mentioned in this parasha have been
previously mentioned too—which should alert us to something—was
YHVH‟s method of drawing near through the sacrificial system revealed
first here in the book of Vayikra once the Tabernacle had been built?

 Turn to The Scriptures: Gen.4:3 (Offering/Minchah). Gen.22:2
(Offering/Olah). Exo.29:14 (Offering/Chattath).

CJB
Hebrews 10:1 For the Torah has in it a shadow of the good things
to come, but not the actual manifestation of the originals. Therefore,
it can never, by means of the same sacrifices repeated endlessly year
after year, bring to the goal those who approach the Holy Place to
offer them.

2
Otherwise, wouldn't the offering of those sacrifices have ceased?
For if the people performing the service had been cleansed once and
for all, they would no longer have sins on their conscience.

3
No, it is quite the contrary- in these sacrifices is a reminder of
sins, year after year.

4
For it is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats
should take away sins.

5
This is why, on coming into the world, he says, "It has not been
your will to have an animal sacrifice and a meal offering; rather,
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you have prepared for me a body.

6
No, you have not been pleased
with burnt offerings and sin
offerings.

7
Then I said, 'Look! In the
scroll of the book it is
written about me. I have come
to do your will.'"
(Heb 10:1-7 CJB)



Pointing out here in Hebrews we confirm that which we already know
to be true, and that is that the blood of bulls and goats cannot take away
sins. Because all of the sacrificial system established by YHVH was only a
„Shadow of the Good Things to come!‟ (Heb.10:1).

But what it does teach as pointed out by the writer of Hebrews, who is
actually referring back to the Tanach in this passage to the Psalmist‟s
prayer in the 40
th
psalm, that these things that we DO are reminders &
opportunities YHVH has created to afford us the opportunity to experience
deeper intimacy with Him! Let‟s briefly examine the fortieth Psalm:

6
Sacrifice and meal offering
Thou hast not desired;
My ears Thou hast opened;
Burnt offering and sin offering
Thou hast not required.
7
Then I said, "Behold, I come; In the scroll of the book
it is written of me;
8
I delight to do Thy will,
O my God; Thy Law is within my heart."
(Psa 40:6-8 NAS)

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In the book of Hebrews we read in chapter 10 verse 5, “You have
prepared for me a body. Stern in his own commentary again reveals “the
line differs significantly from the second line of the Hebrew text translated
above, which is, literally, “You have dug my ears (Psa.40:6),‟ and is usually
understood to mean that God has opened this person‟s ears so that he will
be able to hear The Torah better and thus be better able to carry out its
commands [Shema]…for the point on both is that the person is entirely
ready to do God‟s will and obey his Torah” (You Have Prepared for Me a
Body, p.703)

The point beloved to all of this is to say that as we explore these various
sacrifices, none of them could take away sin, YHVH had created the
sacrificial system FOR MAN, to impress upon our heart that we fall short of
YHVH‟s HOLY Standard, but that He has given us a shadow of the better
things to come, that being of Messiah—who is our spotless and pure Lamb
who according to the writer of Hebrews tells us,

Heb 10:10 “By the which will we are sanctified through the offering
of the body of Jesus Christ once for all. And every priest standeth
daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can
never take away sins: But this man (Yeshua), after he had offered one
***sacrifice for sins***
for ever, sat down on the right hand of God; (Heb.10:10-12)

He offered One Sacrifice for Sins…what are we to gain from this? Yes
Yeshua offered One Sacrifice for Sins, so we no longer have to continuously
offer the blood of bulls and lambs and rams to atone for our sins. But if we
refer to the text of the portion there are several types of offerings are there
not? So, what are the different types of sacrifices? Let‟s observe:




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2
"Speak to the sons of Israel and say to them, 'When any man of you
brings an offering to the LORD, you shall bring your offering of
animals from the herd or the flock.

3
'If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall
offer it, a male without defect; he shall offer it at the doorway of
the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the LORD.
(Lev 1:2-3 NAS)


±œlâ. Burnt offering, burnt sacrifice. ASV and RSV similar.
This noun occurs 286 times in the OT. The usual
explanation for the common rendering "burnt offering" is that
the smoke from the offering goes up or ascends to God. However, since
there are other sacrifices which were burned, it seems probable that there
is some further concept involved in the use of ±œlâ to describe this sacrifice.
The key appears to be that alone among the Israelite sacrifices the ±œlâ is
wholly burned, rather than partially burned and eaten by the worshipers
and/or the priest. Thus, the whole animal is brought up to the altar and
the whole is offered as a gift (minµâ, q.v.) in homage to Yahweh.
Whole offering would be a better rendering in English to convey the
theology of the ±œlâ. It is indeed burned, but the burning is essentially
secondary to the giving of the whole creature to Yahweh.

9
For when they went up unto the valley of Eshcol, and saw the
land, they discouraged the heart of the children of Israel, that they
should not go into the land which the LORD had given them.

10
And the LORD'S anger was kindled the same time, and he sware,
saying,

11
Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty
years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware unto
Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly
followed me:

12
Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son
of Nun: for they have wholly followed the LORD.
(Num 32:9-12 KJV)
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35
Them hath he filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of
work, of the engraver, and of the cunning workman, and of the
embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and
of the weaver, even of them that do any work, and of those that
devise cunning work. (Exo 35:35 KJV)

2
And he shall bring it to Aaron's sons the priests: and he shall take
thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof,
with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the
memorial of it upon the altar, to be an offering made by fire, of a
sweet savour unto the LORD:

3
And the remnant of the meat offering shall be
Aaron's and his sons': it is a thing most holy of the
offerings of the LORD made by fire.

4
And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the
oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or
unleavened wafers anointed with oil.

5
And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in a pan, it shall be
of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil.
(Lev 2:2-5 KJV)
[Both Abel and Cain offered a minµâ to the Lord (Gen 4:4-5). But whereas it
is said of Abel that he offered the choicest portions of the animals to the
Lord, an act reflecting his heartfelt commitment to him, it is merely said of
Cain that he offered a minµâ from the fruit of the ground. The Lord rejected
this formality. Cain's lack of true submission (note also his bloodless
sacrifice) issued finally in sinful behavior (Gen 4:7ff). R.L.H.] These uses of
minµâ indicate that the term does not mean an animal sacrifice in the
specific sense.
H4503
Strongs #4503: AHLB#: 1307-A (h1)
1307) n' (l. NHh) ac: Guide co: Rest ab: ?: The pictograph ' is a picture of
a seed representing continuance, the n is a picture of a wall that separates the
inside from the outside. Combined these mean "continue outside". The shepherd
would guide his flock to a place of water. Here is water for drinking as well as
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green grass for pasturing. Once the flock arrives, they are free to rest after the long
journey. A guided journey to a place of rest. A sigh of rest. (eng: night - from the
German nocht, as the time of rest)

h
f1
) Tn'x (¨l.C MN-HhH) - Gift: What is brought to another. [Hebrew
and Aramaic] [freq. 213] |kjv: offering, present, gift, oblation, sacrifice, meat| {str:
4503, 4504}
KJV
Psalm 23:1 <A Psalm of David.> The LORD is my shepherd; I shall
not want.
2
He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth
me beside the still waters (Psa 23:1-2 KJV)

H5148 החנ nachah naw-khaw'
A primitive root; to guide; by implication to transport (into exile, or as
colonists): - bestow, bring, govern, guide, lead (forth), put, straiten.

H5148
Strongs #5148: AHLB#: 1307-H (V)
1307) n' (l. NHh) ac: Guide co: Rest ab: ?: The pictograph ' is a picture of
a seed representing continuance, the n is a picture of a wall that separates the
inside from the outside. Combined these mean "continue outside". The shepherd
would guide his flock to a place of water. Here is water for drinking as well as
green grass for pasturing. Once the flock arrives, they are free to rest after the long
journey. A guided journey to a place of rest. A sigh of rest.


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Lev.3:3
H8002
םלש Shelem sheh'-lem From H7999; properly requital, that is, a
(voluntary) sacrifice in thanks: - peace offering.
N
m
) xJm (C"2 Sh-LM) - I. Complete: A state of being whole, complete or
full. Also an offering of restitution or payment. II. Shelam: A greeting as a desire
for completeness to another. [Aramaic only] [freq. 118] |kjv: perfect, whole, full,
just, peaceable, peace offering, peace| {str: 8001, 8002, 8003}

14
For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken
down the middle wall of partition between us; (Eph 2:14 KJV)

Lev.4
H2403
האטח תאטח
chatta'ah chatta'th khat-taw-aw', khat-tawth'
From H2398; an offence (sometimes habitual sinfulness), and its penalty,
occasion, sacrifice, or expiation; also (concretely) an offender: -
punishment (of sin), purifying (-fication for sin), sin (-ner, offering).

Lev.5
H816
םשא םשא
'asham 'ashem aw-sham', aw-shame'
A primitive root; to be guilty; by implication to be punished or perish: - X
certainly, be (-come, made) desolate, destroy, X greatly, be (-come, found,
hold) guilty, offend (acknowledge offence), trespassive



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H816
Strongs #816: AHLB#: 1473-C (V)
1473) xm (C2 ShM) ac: Breathe co: Breath ab: Desolate: The wind, or
breath, of someone or something is its character.
C) xm[ (C2N AShM) ac: ? co: ? ab: Guilt: One with a character of
wrongdoing.
V) xm[ (C2N A-ShM) - Guilt: [freq. 35] (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) |kjv:
guilty, desolate, offend, trespass, destroy, faulty, offence| {str: 816}

 Only Yeshua can be our Asham Sacrifice,
because only He can forgive sins (Heb. 10:12)

Examine the Paleo of the Asham Sacrifice:
The Father willed His Name to take our sins!
9
Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name
which is above every name:

10
That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in
heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;

11
And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to
the glory of God the Father.

12
Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my
presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own
salvation with fear and trembling.

13
For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his
good pleasure. (Phi 2:9-13 KJV)

3
Grace be to you and peace from God the Father, and from our Lord
Jesus Christ,

4
Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this
present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:
(Gal 1:3-4 KJV)