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Area of =

SOLUTION OF TRIANGLES 3.1

1 ab sin C 2

1 Use the formula ab sin C or its equivalent to find the area 2


of a triangle.

1 bc sin A 2 1 = ac sin B 2

Task : Find the area of a triangles given in each of the following.. (1) In Diagram 1, ABC is a triangle with Solution: AB= 6 cm, AC = 9 cm and BAC = 53 .

A 6 cm 53 9 cm B
Diagram 1

Area of ABC =

1 (6)(9) sin 53 2

= 21.56 cm2

C
Find the area of ABC (2) In Diagram 2, ABC is a triangle with AC= 6 cm, BC = 5 cm and ACB = 78 .
A

6 cm B 5 cm 78 C
[ 14.67 cm ]
2

Diagram 2 Find the area of ABC. (3) In Diagram 3, ABC is a triangle with AC= 6 cm, BC = 8 cm and ACB = 120 .
B 8 cm 120 C 6 cm

Diagram 3 Find the area of ABC. (4) In Diagram 4, ABC is a triangle with AC= 6 cm, BC = 12.5 cm and the reflex angle ACB = 250 .
B 12.5 cm C 250

[ 20.78 cm ]

6 cm

Diagram 4
A

Find the area of ABC.

[ 35.24 cm ]

Solutions of Triangles

12

(5) In Diagram 5, ABC is a triangle such that AB= 12.5 cm , AC = 6 cm and ACB=80.
B 80 6 cm 12.5 cm A C

Solution: (a)

12.5 6 = sin CBA sin 80


sin CBA =

6 sin 80 12.5

= 0.4727

Diagram 5 Find (a) CBA, (b) the area of the triangle.

CBA =sin -1 (0.2727)


=28.21 (b)

CAB = 180 28.21 80


=71.79 Area of ABC=

1 (6)(12.5) sin 71.79 2


2

=35.62 cm (6) In Diagram 6, ABC is a triangle such that AB= 11 cm , AC = 15 cm and ACB=4534.

A 11cm 15 cm B 4534' C

Diagram 6

Find (a) CBA, (b) the area of the triangle.

[ (a) 76.830 (b) 69.66 cm2 ]

(7) In Diagram 7, ABC is a triangle such that AC = 7 cm, AB = 15 cm and ACB = 11530.
A 15 cm 7cm 11530' C B

Diagram 7 Find (a) CBA, (b) the area of the triangle

[ (a) 24.910 (b) 33.46 cm2 ]

Solutions of Triangles

13

(8) In Diagram 8, ABC is a triangle where AB= 15 cm, BC =11 cm and AC=8 cm.
C 8cm A 11 cm B

Solution (a)

cos B =

112 + 15 2 8 2 2(11)(15)

=0.8545

15 cm

B = 31 30

Diagram 8 Find (a) the smallest angle, (b) the area of ABC. (9) In Diagram 9, ABC is a triangle where AB= 30 cm, BC =25 cm and AC=20 cm.

(b)

Area of ABC =

1 (11)(15) sin 31 30 ' 2

= 42.86

C 20 cm A 30 cm
Diagram 9 Find (a) the largest angle, (b) the area of ABC.

25 cm B

[ (a) 82.82 (b) 248.04 cm ]

(10) In Diagram 10, ABC is a triangle where AB = 13 cm, AC = 14 cm and BC= 15 cm.
A 13cm 14 cm

15 cm

Diagram 10 Find (a) the second largest angle, (b) the area of ABC.

[ (a) 59.49 (b) 84.00 cm ]

Solutions of Triangles

14