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SCINTILLA VERTEX MAGNETO

DESCRIPTION:The Vertex is an inductor type magneto (stationary coil, rotating magnet) provided with automatic spark advance and designed to replace the battery ignition systems used on car models. The entire assembly (magnet, coil, automatic advance mechanism, breaker and distributor) is contained in a cylindrical case and is fitted with a standard SAE. type mounting on the drive end. It is mounted in place of the battery distributor on the engine (see special section below on Ford type). As with other magnetos, ignition is cut off by grounding the coil primary and in most cases a special switch must be installed for this purpose. OPERATION:The rotating magnet with laminated poles is mounted on the vertical shaft directly above the automatic advance mechanism so that the poles of the magnet pass across the lower ends of the pole pieces. The pole pieces are alternately long (connected to upper end of coil core) and short (connected to lower end of coil core) so that the magnetic flux through the coil core is reversed as the magnet pole passes from one pole piece to the next. At the point where the magnetic flux is strongest, the breaker contacts open, interruping the primary current and inducing a high tension current in the secondary winding. The secondary current is fed to the distributor rotor by the lead on the side of the magneto case and is distributed to the correct spark plug. The distributor head (at top of unit) and breaker (directly under distributor head) are similar in design to conventional battery ignition units. The automatic advance unit uses centrifugal weights of the usual design and advances the entire mechanism (magnet, breaker cam, and rotor) in accordance with the engine speed.
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FOR ALL CARS


SPECIAL SWITCHES:The Vertex magneto is controlled by a ground switch (single circuit through switch to ground). The switch is turned 'on' by breaking the circuit through the switch, and 'off' toy completing the circuit through the switch so that the breaker contacts are short-circuited and the primary winding grounded directly. On car models fitted with ignition switch control of accessories, such as gasoline gauges, stop lights, or starter solenoid switch circuits, it will be necessary to control these in some other manner or install the special Type EV switch furnished by the Scintilla Company, which has additional 'Bat' (ammeter) and 'Gauge' terminals.

INSTALLATION:Timing of the magneto after installation will be simplified if the engine is cranked to #1 piston firing position before the battery distributor is removed. With # 1 piston on compression, turn engine over until contacts just begin to open (if semi-automatic type, place spark control lever in full retard position). Remove distributor, take off drive gear or coupling, transfer to Vertex unit, allowing .003" clearance between drive gear and lower end of Vertex housing. Install Vertex on engine but do not tighten clamp bolt, rotate magneto housing until rotor is opposite # 1 terminal in distributor head ( # 1 terminal is marked on head) and contacts begin to open. Tighten clamp bolt to hold magneto housing in this position. Connect spark plugs in accordance with firing order of engine (see car pages for firing order for each engine). Distributor head is of the side outlet type but head is marked to indicate relation between terminals and outlets. Ignition timing can be checked with engine operating under full load by loosening clamp bolt and rotating magneto housing against direction of rotation to advance spark until engine begins to knock. Magneto should then be rotated in direction of rotation until knock is eliminated, and the clamp bolt tightened. The drive gear or coupling can be changed on the shaft to relocate the position of the distributor head outlets if desired but the position of the breaker cam on the shaft should not be changed (this is set with relation to position of magnet poles and must be maintained). SERVICING:LubricationThe Vertex shaft is lubricated by a grease cup at the lower end. Grease cup should be refilled with light cup grease and turned down once each 1000 miles or 50 hours of operation. Two felt lubricators saturated with oil are located on the breaker plate under the distributor head. If oil does not show on the surface of the lubricators when they are pressed, apply one drop of medium engine oil to each felt. Keep all oil off breaker contacts. Breaker ContactsInspect contacts at 10,000-mile or 500-hour periods. Check gap with breaker arm on lobe of cam. Gap should toe .014" or within limits of .012-.016". Adjust by loosening screw on stationary contact mounting bracket and shifting position of bracket. Tighten screw after making adjustment. Do not resurface contacts unless badly pitted.